John Zube


Quotes, Notes, Comments & Slogans
for Individual Liberty & Rights
against Popular Statist Errors & Prejudices

Index - W1

(2013 - 2014)



WAGE CONTROLS: People who can legally claim a higher wage or salary than they seem worth, at first, or, probably, also later on, to an employer, simply won’t be employed at all by any employer, unless he is forced to do so even at a loss. Which tends to be largely the rule in the public service, whose employees tend to be paid wages and salaries above the going market rates. In that service there is no economic incentive to save in the wage and salary bill. A leading bureaucrat can even promote his career by employing more people, regardless of whether they are really necessary for the task he is in charge of. More paper-shuffling or red tape can always be arranged, as supposedly being necessary. All people should be allowed to be employed at a mutually agreeable wage or salary level, later to be renegotiated in accordance with performance and the needs and scope of an enterprise. Individual contracts would achieve that much better than collective bargaining between unions and organizations or representatives of employers. – JZ, 10.2.99. – As a guide each contracting partner has the market rates for similar jobs at his disposal. Neither the employers nor the employers nor the trade unions can set them arbitrarily although some may with to be able to do so. – JZ, 13.5.14. - MINIMUM WAGES, PUBLIC SERVICES OR PUBLIC DISSERVICES, UNIONS, ATTEMPTS TO FIX WAGE & SALARY RATES DIFFERENT FROM THE MARKET RATES, WITHOUT HARMING OR WRONGING ANYONE

WAGE CONTROLS: You cannot make a man worth a given amount by making it illegal for anyone to offer him anything less. You merely deprive him of the right to earn the amount that his abilities and situation would permit him to earn, while you deprive the community even of the moderate services that he is capable of rendering. In brief, for a low wage, you substitute unemployment. You do harm all around, with no comparable compensation." - Henry Hazlitt, Economics In One Lesson. - MINIMUM WAGE LAWS

WAGE EARNERS: It is in the interest of the wage-earner to have many other alternatives open to him than service under one all-powerful employer called the State" - Sir Winston Churchill, 1946. - Even as simple insights are still not widely spread – in our governmentally mis-educated public. – JZ, 26.12.07. – In the USA alone there are now between 10 and 20 million employers to choose from. For their employment and sales situation both depend largely on the policies of the central bank, as a monopoly issuer of exchange media – until they themselves finally realize their monetary and financial freedom options. – The employer-employee relationship has, alas, also an almost monopolistic hold upon the minds of both groups, who insufficiently consider the great variety of self-management options that have been proposed and partly already been experimented with. The addiction to this “organized antagonism”, as Hyacinthe Dubreuil called it, can perhaps only be compared with the addition to territorialism and to monetary despotism. The prices to be paid for these addictions are very high. - JZ, 21.4.09. – A for me only recently obtained positive sign in this sphere, thanks to Max Borders, are the millions of search results one gets if one looks up the SELF-MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE. – Its findings have not yet influenced public opinion as yet - but, sooner or later the will. – JZ, 12.5.14. -WORKERS, PROLETARIANS, NUMBER OF EMPLOYERS TO CHOOSE FROM, VS. STATE SOCIALISM WITH ONLY ONE GREAT MONOPOLY EMPLOYER FOR ALL EMPLOYEES

WAGE SLAVERY? To work for wages or salaries does not amount to an ideal contract, far from it, but it is a contract for mutual benefit. – JZ, 3.8.85, 19.8.08. – Most of those, who do complain about it have not yet explored their self-management options. – JZ, 22.4.09. – PRODUCTIVE COOPERATIVES, AUTONOMOUS GROUP WORK, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES, ON TERMS, EXTENSIVE EMPLOYEE SHAREHOLDING,

WAGES: A government determined to ensure that the social income, the social wage shall rise within the priorities we have set. …” - Harold Wilson, Labor Party Conference, 1974. – What Harold really means is that he will tax you so you can’t spend your wage on your social choices, and he will provide you (“free” of course) with his social choices. Well why not? He knows best!”- Terry Arthur, “95% I Crap”, p. 82. – JOKES

WAGES: a system in which people are paid in accordance with their product … promotes a free society, … involves a minimum of coercion of one man by another man.” – Milton Friedman, in Milton Friedman in Australia 1975, p.39. – I would deny that any real coercion by others is involved – beyond the “coercion” of hunger and other needs, which can only be honestly satisfied through productive work and free exchange. – JZ, 12.5.14.

WAGES: A wage is a price, a price is a wage.” – Source unknown to me. Since price control is wrong and uneconomic wage control and rent control as well as interest rate control must be wrong and uneconomic, too. – JZ, 22.4.09. – Giving a different name to a thing or a relationship does not change either of them. – JZ, 12.5.14. - PRICES, FEES, SUBSCRIPTIONS, INTEREST RATES, DIVIDENDS, RENTS, PROFITS, EARNINGS, SALARIES, CHARGES ETC.

WAGES: all legislation dealing with labor-employer relations – are concessions to the communist conception of wages. - Our immigration-restriction laws pay homage to this idea, for these laws, translated into economics, simply say that there are just so many jobs that capitalists have at their disposal, that any increase in the working population will lower the wage level by simple division; the idea that the immigrant makes his own wages is rejected offhand. Birth control (*) is likewise advocated as a means of raising the wage level, and Malthusianism borrows all its economics from communism.” – Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.167/68. – Capitalists and businessmen are likewise inclined to argue that each job costs so and so much in capital and, since the capital supply is limited, all jobs would thus be limited in number. They forget, that the ready-for sale goods and services, that are in daily demand, are the main and continuous turn-over capital required for full employment and that this capital, in normal times, in developed countries, and, especially in times of unemployment, is not only abundant but over-abundant and often offered at emergency sales prices. And this kind of capital can, mostly, be fast produced and replenished, so that if its owners were legally allowed to turn it into the cover and redemption fund for their own “shop currencies”, then enough means of payment would be available to make all wage and salary payments with them possible and thus keep sellers and producers going continuously, without sales- and employment stoppages or difficulties. – That a shortage of real capital, like tools, factories and machines, is not involved is proven by the fact that before and after periods of mass unemployment largely the same quantity of this real capital did exist and that during period of unemployment only the degree of its usage would be diminished. - (*) and prolonged school years and, formerly, keeping women out of the work force! – JZ, 19.8.08. - Moreover, most of this productive building and machine capital is not utilized every day for 24 hours, in shift work. - JZ, 8.4.11. – However, I do admit that in severely underdeveloped countries much basic capital investment is still required, e.g. in roads, power and water supply. But there, too, development should mainly start by making the sale of its products, labor and services easy by exchange media and clearing options that would facilitate all turnovers. Once this is achieved even without foreign investments – on a stable value basis, without taxation and bureaucratic restrictions for it – local savings could come to build up fast and can then be invested on medium and long terms to achieve what the under-informed would call an “economic wonder”. –JZ, 12.5.14. - COMMUNISM, MALTHUSIANISM, COMPULSORY SCHOOLING, IMMIGRATION RESTRICTIONS, TRYING TO KEEP FOREIGNERS OUT OF JOBS, ATTEMPTS TO “RATION” ACCESS TO JOBS, ASSUMING THAT THERE ARE & CAN BE ONLY A LIMITED NUMBER OF THEM, CAPITAL SHORTAGE VIEW OF UNEMPLOYMENT, UNDER-DEVELOPMENT, RAPID DEVELOPMENT THROUGH FULL MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM & UNDER GENERALLY FREE ECONOMIC CONDITIONS

WAGES: Amid the wilder talk from the Left against a capitalist system that is alleged to give fortunes to employers who ride on the backs of the wage-earners, emerges the solid fact that 80% of the returns from industry goes to the workers in wages, and it is the workers who pay 80% of the taxes. When we consider the superiority of the goods provided by private enterprise, it is evident that the worker gets his comforts more cheaply through capitalism than by any system of socialism yet devised.” - Henry Meulen, in THE INDIVIDUALIST, 2/76, under the heading: “The government wants more.” – Alas, I doubt that Meulen ever closely examined the better forms of voluntary and cooperative socialism, with their tendency to provide maximum work-, property-, enterprise and innovation incentives to everyone in an enterprise, instead of only to its managers and owners. – JZ, 19.8.08. - CAPITALISM, WAGES, TAXATION, FORMS OF SOCIALISM, COOPERATIVES, PARTNERSHIPS, SELF-MANAGEMENT

WAGES: an employer cannot pay more to an employee than the equivalent of the value of the latter’s work (according to the judgment of the buying public) adds to the merchandise.” – Ludwig von Mises, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 9/75, p.529.

WAGES: An employer who tries to pay his workers less than market wages soon finds them going to other employers or pooling their resources to start their own business.” – Brian Summers, THE FREEMAN, 7/75, p.426. – They should not only pool their cash resources but also their medium- and long-term credit options and mobilize them in take-over bids for the enterprises they work in. – JZ, 19.8.08. – PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY EMPLOYEES ON TERMS, SELF-EMPLOYMENT

WAGES: and of course, in a free economy it is the people who, in their role as ultimate employers, pay the wages), and the government promptly turns around and absorbs the greater part of this sum, who is thwarting the most directly expressed will of the people?” – William F. Buckley, God and Man at Yale, p.57/58. – FREE ECONOMY, CONSUMERS, PEOPLE, DEMOCRACY, GOVERNMENT, TRIBUTE LEVIES CALLED TAXATION

WAGES: and that the golden rule of labor relations should be simply that any man can go to work at any wage he chooses, no matter how low, as long as he feels the job offered will better his condition.” – John A. Davenport, discussing William H. Hutt, in THE FREEMAN, 1/76. - UNIONS, LABOR RELATIONS, COLLECTIVE BARGAINING, MINIMUM WAGE LAWS

WAGES: Assistant reporting to corporation president: “A guaranteed annual wage, a guaranteed annual bonus, a guaranteed pension plan is fine with the employees, chief. Except they would like a guaranty you won’t go broke.” – Lichty cartoon, CHICAGO SUN TIMES syndicate. – JOKES, GUARANTEED WAGES

WAGES: Because wages are the price of labour, any attempt to fix them at a “fair” or “just” or “adequate” level violates the rights of both employer and employee to free trade, and, depending on where they are fixed, will call into play natural economic forces which will cause either a labour shortage, a balanced labour market, or unemployment. Obviously, what we all want is a balanced labour market, but that will only occur when wages are fixed at the free market level, in which case the fixing is totally unnecessary – that’s where they would have been anyway.” – John Singleton and Bob Howard, Rip Van Australia, p.255/56. – The question of monetary freedom vs. monetary despotism is ignored here. Also that wages themselves represent, internally, within enterprises, a hierarchical and dependent relationship rather than one of self-management or self-responsibility and self-direction and complete freedom of contract and entrepreneurial options and capitalist incentives even for workers at the lowest levels. Wage are not the optimal free market prices for labor, suitable to induce the most honest and productive labor efforts. We have, here, too, an internal “command economy”, mitigated only by the right and practice to give notice, while it is easy to get other and better jobs. – JZ, 5.6.82, 19.8.08. - FAIR WAGES, MARKET WAGES, MINIMUM WAGES, JUST WAGES, MARKET WAGES, INCOMES DETERMINED BY MARKET FORCES ONLY, WITHOUT INTERFERING HIERARCHICAL STRUCTURE & WITHOUT MONETARY & FINANCIAL DESPOTISM

WAGES: But to produce the product in the first place, the capitalist needs workers and must therefore offer wages high enough to attract the laborers he needs. Since what the capitalist can pay in wages is limited by his expected return from the sale of his product, the consumers also determine the height of wages. If returns are not high enough to cover the cost of a particular operation this means that there is, in the eyes of the consumers, a more important use for the factors of production elsewhere. …” - Dave Osterfeld, THE FREEMAN, 4/75, on Mises. - CONSUMERS, WORKERS, WAGES, CAPITALISTS

WAGES: Employers don’t pay your salary, customers do.” – The author of a book: “Good Service is Good Business”, quoted on Radio, 23.4.94. - I did not catch the family name properly: Catherine Degruis? Devry? – JZ - BUSINESS

WAGES: Equal pay for equal work? - In fact, uniformity of payment excites a competition in idleness.” – J. H. Burton, Political and Social Economy, p.232. – Just like people and their individual characteristics are never quite equal, so is their work-output never quite equal. Their productivity, not that they, too, are persons or even personalities - with equal rights and liberties – should determine their wages or salaries. Collective bargaining contracts are too full of envy and egalitarianism to do every worker justice. – JZ, 19.8.08, 8.4.11. – UNIONS, COLLECTIVE BARGAINING OR INDIVIDUAL WORK CONTRACTS?

WAGES: Every arbitrary wage coercively imposed by labor unions, over and above whatever the free market rate would be, is really a minimum wage. The minimum wage for a captain of a 747 jet is $57,000 annually. Try to get the job for less. – Leonard E. Read, Who’s Listening? p.37. - MINIMUM WAGE LAWS, LABOR LAWS, WAGE CONTROLS, PRICE CONTROL ATTEMPTS FOR LABOR

WAGES: Give the laborer his wage before his perspiration be dry.” – Mohammed, 570-632. – Actually, apart from a few day-laborers, as wage- and salary payments have developed, the employee is mostly giving credit to his employer until the weekly or monthly payday. If employees had pondered this fact then they could e.g. have provided their employer with wage payment means through establishing their own consumer cooperative, issuing its own shop foundation currency and agreeing that they would be satisfied with being paid with the money issued by their consumer cooperative. The consumer cooperative would then have discounted the claims their employer had against wholesalers and used these claims to restock their store. (Real Bills Doctrine principle, which always implied sound value standard reckoning.) Thus they could have rendered themselves and their employer largely independent from the “monetary policies”, of their government, i.e., from the usual monetary mismanagement characteristic for most governments most of the time. – No more means of payment and value standard crises for them! - JZ, 19.8.08. – Naturally, their shopping options would be much increased if they agreed to accept. in payment of wages and salaries, the shop currency of the local shop association, issued in discount for the real bills of employers, expressing their claims against wholesalers for goods already produced and delivered but not yet paid for. Wage payment agreements for wages payable, in transport-, water-, electricity-, gas-, insurance-money should also be considered, i.e. the payment for work in any form of exchange media or clearing that is sound, competitive and has as sufficient and obvious local reflux to the issuers. – JZ, 12.5.14. – UNDER MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM INSTEAD OF UNDER MONETARY & FINANCIAL DESPOTISM

WAGES: Government is in no position to determine the value of an employee; only an employer can do that, and justice requires that he pay an employee what he is worth to him.” – Clarence B. Carson, THE FREEMAN, 3/76. - Not only justice but his own self-interest. Otherwise he might lose a good employee and may have to retrain another. – JZ, 19.8.08. – Trade unions are similarly unable bureaucrats to determine the right wages and salaries for the work of particular employees. They are not part of the market forces but of the anti-market and wrongful interventionist forces, however legalized their actions are. – JZ, 12.5.14.

WAGES: He hears: The road to recovery is to increase wage rates. He reads: This is to say that recovery depends on higher costs of production!” – Leonard E. Read, NOTES FROM FEE, 9/76. – UNEMPLOYMENT,

WAGES: He is paid well that is well satisfied.” – Shakespeare, in Hyman Quotations, p.340. – Since in employer-employee relationships there is no sufficiently reliable means for determining the value of individual work input, workers always imagine they are underpaid, while their employers imagine that they are over-paid. – Only well organized and run cooperatives and other self-management schemes will come close to reliably enough determine rates for work incomes. – JZ, 19.8.08.

WAGES: His own industrial and commercial ideal composed four elements, four elements always found in combination. They were: first, High Production; secondly, High Wages; thirdly, High Profits; and, finally, Low Prices. No one of these four elements could exist without the other. To pursue any one of them in splendid isolation, without thought of the other three, had never yet failed to provide disaster.” – Deryck Abel, Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, p.35. - PROFIT, PRODUCTIVITY, PRICES

WAGES: Historically, the rate of increase in total wages has run about 5 to 10 percent a year, roughly comparable to the interest rate earned by capital. (*) Furthermore, capitalists consume part of their income, if they did not, there would be little point in being capitalists. Historically, the total share of the national income going to capital in this country has steadily decreased, as shown in the Appendix.” – David Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, p.35. – (*) Does this estimate take account of inflation? – JZ, n.d. - RETURNS FROM CAPITAL & LABOR, INTEREST, PROFIT, DIVIDENDS

WAGES: I have yet to see any serious or self-consistent exposition anywhere of the union theory of wage formation. I have yet to hear any union apologist, for example, try to determine scientifically exactly how much the members of a particular union are being underpaid, how much of an increase they are justified in demanding, and how much would be too much. The union leaders have one simple formula for every situation: More. – Insofar as they do have an implied theory it seems to be some obscure form of the Marxist exploitation dogma. They never suggest that wages can be rightly determined in a free market. …” Henry Hazlitt, The Conquest of Poverty, p.137. - UNIONS

WAGES: I you want to stand in the shortest queue in the world, fall in behind those who think they’re overpaid.” - Bill Vaughan, quoted in READER’S DIGEST, 12/77. - JOKES

WAGES: If workers make it unprofitable to employ them, they will not be employed and ought to think of establishing their own firms, as partnerships or coops. – JZ, 19.3.86. – That would certainly also teach them something about economics. – They could not strike against their customers or prevent them from going to other suppliers. – JZ, 19.8.08. – STRIKES, UNIOINS, PROFITS, SELF-MANAGEMENT

WAGES: If you pay peanuts you get monkeys.” – Sir James Goldsmith

WAGES: In a well functioning private-property society, salary – the amount for which a person can sell what he produces – corresponds closely to the real value of that product to the people who consume it.” – David Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, p.16. – If one also includes the labors and costs of the production capital involved and those involved in distributing the products or services to the final consumers. – JZ, 12.5.14.

WAGES: In fact, the policy of letting the free market determine the height of wage rates is the only reasonable and successful full-employment policy. If wage rates, either by union pressure or compulsion or by government decree, are raised above this height, lasting unemployment or a part of the potential labor force develops.” – Ludwig von Mises, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 9/75, p.531. - As if the supply of means of payment for wages and salaries had nothing to do at all with employment and unemployment. - JZ, 8.4.11. – UNEMPLOYMENT UNDER MONETARY & FINANCIAL DESPOTISM INSTEAD OF UNDER MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM

WAGES: In recent years the employees of the country’s corporations have been getting more than seven eighths of the corporate income available for division, and the shareowners less than an eighth. More than 70 percent of the nation’s personal income in 1970 was received in the form of wages and salaries. Business and professional income totaled less than 7 percent, interest payments only 8 percent, and dividends only 3 percent. – The truth seems to be that personal income in this country is already distributed roughly in proportion to each person’s current contribution in output as measured in its market value.” – Henry Hazlitt, The Conquest of Poverty, p.114. - Ulrich von Beckerath had proven this case for decades, by collecting the published statements of companies in Germany and was preparing a book on the subject. But this collection and manuscript was burned in an air raid on Berlin in November 1943. Afterwards he collected and commented on many more such published company statements. To the extent that such material is accessible to me, I have still to microfilm or scan it in – if I ever do get around to it. What is astonishing that most economists and practically all unionists simply managed to ignore this evidence for such a long time, due to their pre-conceived notions of what is actually happening in the economy. Ulrich von Beckerath often used to say: No one is really fully aware of everything that is really happening in the economy. On the other hand, he also remarked: If one persistently and thoughtfully observes just one factor in the whole economy for a long time - then one can come to understand much of the economy. – Regarding the last sentence of H. H. above, he would probably have commented, as he often did: most of the high returns to labor are actually due to its supply with productive capital. To that extent the laborers “exploit” capital and not vice versa. It is the capital owners who no longer get the lion’s share of the extra productivity that is due to their capital being productively employed. To that extent have the capital products of science and technology and even the savings of mankind, productively invested, become the common heritage of mankind. The above indicated usual division of the profits of enterprises is different only for those enterprises with an extremely high capital investment per employee, as U. v. Beckerath also pointed out, e.g. in hydroelectric plants. - JZ, 19.8.08. – The same would, naturally, apply to automated factories. No law prohibits anybody from investing in such factories, rather than complaining about them. In the extreme case this would lead to the situation where all who have so invested their savings are then living largely off the productivity of robots and automatic machinery, their kind of iron “slaves”, the kind of “exploitation” that I like. All others would have to be satisfied with whatever little they can produce between them - only with primitive tools or outdated machinery. They would be the primitives in an age of technology. – JZ, 22.4.09. - UNION PREJUDICES, CAPITALISM, PRODUCTIVITY, SHARE OF LABOR & OF CAPITAL IN THE OUTPUT, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES, ON TERMS: THEY ARE FINANCIAL ENOUGH! EXPLOITATION?

WAGES: In the USA between 1900-1909 and 1970 the share of the national income taken by owners of capital fell from 32.7% to 11.2%, while the share of the national income taken by employees rose from 55 % to 75%”.U.S. Statistical Abstracts, 1971. – The tax and Welfare State figures should be added here, too. – JZ, 19.8.08. - Who will compile a good computer program for this, in which only the particular details of an existing enterprise will have to be entered to tell each employee his monthly or weekly installment rate at different interest rates - for the industrial bonds used in their take-over bid (for the enterprise they work in) and for different repayment periods for them? – JZ, 22.4.09. - DIVIDENDS, PROFITS, INTEREST RATES, CAPITAL RETURNS COMPARED WITH LABOR RETURNS,  POVERTY, WEALTH, RICH, CAPITALISTS VS. PROLETARIANS, EXPLOITATION, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY EMPLOYEES ON TERMS.

WAGES: It is a proposition of elementary economics”, writes Frank R. Knight, “that ideal market competition will force entrepreneurs to pay every productive agent employed what his cooperation adds to the total, the difference between what it can be with him and what it would be without him. This is his own product in the only meaning the word can have where persons or their resources act jointly.” – Edmund A. Opitz, THE FREEMAN, 10/75, p.604.

WAGES: It is not the employer who pays wages – he only handles the money. It is the product that pays wages.” – Henry Ford. - Rather, the buyers of the product. – Even Henry Ford did not always get it right. – If the products themselves paid wages then the storekeepers would not even have to sell any of the products, they would not need any customers and workers, employers, wholesalers and shopkeepers would simply be paid by the consumer goods produced! – But then even Say, in Say’s Law, imagined that the products would automatically produce the purchasing power needed to sell them! – There isn’t any economically nonsensical idea that isn’t at least upheld by some. - The being "paid" by one's products happens only for people who produce everything that they consume and not in a society based upon the division of labor and free as well as monetary exchanges. - Only freedom to monetize one's consumer products and services comes close to that situation. - JZ, 19.8.08, 8.4.11. – MONETARY FREEDOM

WAGES: It is often assumed that only under lower wages will there be full employment for all willing to work. If monetary freedom is taken into consideration and realized, then full employment becomes possible, not only at the same wages but at higher ones, reckoned in sound alternative exchange media. Only the emergency sales prices of labor will disappear. Then, through increased production and increased productivity and easier sales for the products and services, their retail prices might become reduced, even while wages and salaries become increased. – JZ, 23.8.09, 14.3.12. – MINIMUM WAGE LAWS, PRICES & FULL EMPLOYMENT, WAGE CONTROL, PRICE CONTROL

WAGES: It is precisely the fixed wage, and the fixed annual increment that dull the efforts of the recipients.” – Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 4/73.

WAGES: Just as people can price themselves out of jobs, they can price themselves into jobs.” – Sir Keith Joseph, quoted in THE BULLETIN, 22.7.80. – Especially when they are prepared to realize and utilize their monetary freedom options for the payment of their wages. – JZ, 22.409. EMPLOYMENT, UNEMPLOYMENT, JOBS, PRICING

WAGES: Labor, like all other goods, is scarce, and therefore always in demand at its appropriate free-market price. As with any form of price control, attempts by governments to impose artificially low or artificially high wage rates will always result in either a shortage, or a surplus of labor.” – Donald H. Carpenter, NEW GUARD, July-August 1978. – The supply of sufficient exchange media and of sound value standards should never be taken for granted under monetary despotism. - JZ, 8.4.11. - WAGE CONTROL UNDER MONETARY DESPOTISM AS OPPOSED TO MONETARY FREEDOM

WAGES: Lamented one industrialist, “We are now buying a man’s time, not his labor.” The whole political pressure is away from the market – free choice – and in the direction of more money for less work and fewer hours. Instead of concentration on the improvement of labor and its market attractiveness, the movement is toward monopoly, a forming of cartels.” – Leonard E. Read, Talking to Myself, p.69. – Counter-productive union pressures, contracts and “actions”. But their result has been, in the long run, that less and less people want to stay in trade unions and their membership rate keeps falling, just like the membership rates in political parties. – JZ, 22.4.09. – PRODUCTIVITY, UNIONS, LABOR LEGISLATION

WAGES: Let me work at whatever I please for whatever I can obtain by willing exchange, whether the wage be a mere trifle or a king’s ransom.” – Leonard E. Read, NOTES FROM FEE, 3/73.

WAGES: Lewis understood a fundamental aspect of Capitalists’ behavior: They consider labor as if it were steel, coal, or lumber. Therefore, when the price is raised, they buy less. It’s probably true that we don’t see this happen immediately after any price rise of labor or products. But the sad truth will hit some of the workers, sooner or later. – What union men try to do, then, is raise their wages relative to those of nonunion workers. …” – Angus Black: A New Radical’s Guide to Economic Reality, p.56, on John L. Lewis. – UNIONS, PRICE CONTROL

WAGES: Like all other contracts, wages should be left to the fair and free competition of the market and should never be controlled by the interference of the legislatures.” - David Ricardo, 1772-1823, Principles of Political Economy and Taxation, V, 1817, quoted in Seldes. - Too often it is overlooked how important it is with which means of payment wages may be paid. If they can only be paid with monopoly money, a money that tends to be either under-supplied, as in deflation, or over-supplied, as in inflation, trouble will always occur. If means of payment for wages and salaries can be competitively supplied by those most suitable for such issues being free and acting within their natural rights, then anti-industrial warfare and political strife arising from it - and from the crises arising from monetary despotism - will be minimized. - JZ, n.d. & 25.11.02. - & FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, WAGE CONTROLS, COLLECTIVE BARGAINING, LAISSEZ FAIRE, UNIONS, MONETARY FREEDOM

WAGES: Maintain your rage – about your wages being reduced in purchasing power by inflation and taxation. – JZ, 12/75, 2.7.13. – “Maintain your rage!” was an appeal by a Labor Party leader (Whitlam), after their government had been recalled by the Governor General of Australia, Mr. Kerr, himself nominated by the Labor Party, when this party had made a mess of the Australian economy and yet wanted to remain in power. – JZ, 19.8.08, 2.7.13. But the justification of the recall was confirmed by the soon following election, which the Labor Party lost, in a landslide vote against it. Naturally, the ruling power addict was not pleased at all but enraged – and expected the voters to be likewise enraged. They were not. Alas, most people still have to become enraged about these official territorial robberies through tribute levies, called taxation and all the other wrongs and harm done by territorial politics! – JZ, 22.4.09, 8.4.11, 2.7.13.

WAGES: Monopolies? Try to become a 747 Captain for less than $ 57,000 a year or a plumber in Westchester County for less than $15,80 an hour plus the contractor’s percentage. – All above-market wage rates forcibly exacted by labor unions cause unemployment precisely as $ 20 for a pound of cheese would cause its unemployment at the table. How is this unemployment catastrophe covered up? Labor unions, using their political power, get the government to pick up the tab: public housing, urban renewal, the Gateway Arch, moon shots, and thousands of other pyramids – “make work” projects to employ resources which have been coercively excluded from the market.” – Leonard E. Read, Who’s Listening? p.37. - Although elsewhere L. E. R. advocated monetary freedom, here he merely blames too high wages for unemployment and thus ignores the monetary problems under monetary despotism. - JZ, 8.4.11. - UNIONS, UNEMPLOYMENT, PRICE & WAGE CONTROL ATTEMPTS

WAGES: Mr. Fraser said people were beginning to realize that money paid in excessive wage increases was not available to create new jobs or even to support the existing jobs.” – THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 13.3.76. - As if there could exist only a fixed amount of sound currency, quite independent of the quantity of consumer goods and consumer services ready for sale to redeem the currencies in. - All the primitive, false and flawed notions on political, economic and social subjects are still not systematically collected and confronted with their best refutations, as they should be and could be, especially with modern digital options. - JZ, 8.4.11. – ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE BEST REFUTATIONS

WAGES: no manufacturer desires low wages. If he is big enough to stay in business, he must know that low wages spell high cost production and output of poor quality. Only the fool thinks that low wages save money.” - John Leitch, Man to Man, p.148.

WAGES: Not the wage-system, as a system of regular payments for productive workers but the employer-employee relationship needs replacing. – JZ, 27.4.91. – Thereby, under various and competing self-management systems, combined with full monetary and financial freedom, also quite automatically, wages and salaries would be replaced by businesslike earnings, fluctuating but, in the average, much higher. – JZ, 19.8.08, 8.4.11. – Thus could also be assured regular full employment of those who still need incomes from their productive work. – JZ, 12.5.14. - WAGE-SYSTEM, EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP, SELF-MANAGEMENT

WAGES: now it seems to be universally accepted in the West that no money wage rate must ever fall. People must be told that sometimes it is in the interest of wage earners that their wages should fall, because if they do fall they may get employment opportunities they would otherwise not have. Every businessman in the centuries that the market economy has lasted has known that sometimes it pays him to reduce the prices of the goods he sells. Why should workers be exempt from that? This I regard as one of the most insidious dogmas that we must now live with, the dogmas that no money wage rate must ever be allowed to fall. The implication, of course, is that if real wages are too high, - uneconomically so, causing significant unemployment – then they should be lowered by means of inflation, by reducing the real value of money wages. The alternative would be a straightforward reduction of wage rates whenever the value of work does not justify the continued payment of the former wage. This would lead to needed economic readjustments and to a realistically-conceived ‘full employment’”. – Prof. Ludwig Lachman, in LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, 4/78. – While this is true, as far as it goes, like so many of the recognized experts, L. L. overlooked that the primary task consists in always keeping up the supply of sound currencies to the amounts required at any time to make turnovers of labor, services and goods relatively easy and certain, at free market prices, measured in sound value standards. – JZ, 19.8.08. - In this and many other respects we never had a completely free market economy, far less so for centuries already! - JZ, 8.4.11. – Wage reduction through inflation is certainly not a rightful and economic solution. – JZ, 12.5.14. - WAGE CONTROL, PRICE CONTROL & SALES OF BOTH, GOODS & LABOR, Q.

WAGES: Pay proportionate to productivity.” – Allen W. Rucker, The Labor’s Road to Plenty; The Return to the American System of Productivity. - That, too, requires a sufficient supply of sound exchange media, clearing certificates or clearing accounts. - JZ, 8.4.11. – An the abolition of all coercive and monopolistic trade union actions and of all wrongful and anti-economic governmental and legislative interventions in this sphere as well.

WAGES: Profit-hungry employers fighting for the cheapest labor around tend to drive low wages up to normal.” – Angus Black: A New Radical’s Guide to Economic Reality, p.63. – He could, likewise, have said, that those workers, constantly looking around for better paid jobs, with better working conditions and changing their jobs to them, do tend to increase the general level of wages and working conditions. They are then permanently “striking” against inferior jobs, without this service being appreciated by most of the unionists, although they themselves do also engage in this practice, whenever they have the chance. – JZ, 19.8.08. – PROFIT URGE AMONG EMPLOYERS & EMPLOYEES, CHANGING JOBS FOR BETTER WAGES CONDITION, A REGULAR HABIT OF MOST WORKERS & OTHER EMPLOYEES. THIS IS ONLY DIFFICULT UNDER UNEMPLOYMENT CONDITIONS, WHIH IS MAINLY CAUSED BY GOVERNMENTAL INTERVENTIONISM, LIKE LEGALIZED MONETARY DESPOTISM: CENTRAL BANKING

WAGES: Relatively high wages are the result of high productivity, and relatively low wages are a result of low productivity. If American labor has high wages, it is because American labor has higher man-hour productivity than foreign labor. - If low foreign wages are the source of our troubles, then why is it the case that U.S. wages are highest in the very industries in which we are most competitive? Why do we dominate world markets for commercial airframes, computers, construction machinery, …?” – Donald B. Billings and Ellis W. Lamborn, THE FREEMAN, 2/77. – HIGH WAGES & PRODUCTIVITY

WAGES: Soon you might as well agree to be paid in animal manure instead of in rotten and depreciating government paper money. Ask for gold or gold value currency instead. – JZ, 15.10.74. – What fraction of its value has the A $ dollar retained over the last almost quarter of its century? And over the last century, taken into consideration the different denomination and purchasing power of the prior Australian Pound? And most of this happened under the “guardianship” of the currency by Australia’s central monopoly bank for note issues and coins, the “Reserve Bank”! - If the government would have dared to similarly interfere with weight, length, volume, temperature and time measures, depreciating all of them correspondingly, we would have had a revolution in Australia long ago. But who thinks seriously about money and private, cooperative, sound and competitive alternatives to government money and its unsound and mostly depreciated and further depreciating centrally “managed” and monopolized “value standard”? Certainly not most of those “educated” in government controlled schools and universities. – JZ, 19.8.08, 8.4.11, 12.5.14. – GOLD-VALUE CLEARING OR GOLD-VALUE ACCOUNTING CURRENCIES, PRICES, WAGES, RENTS, FEES, CENTRAL BANKING, MONETARY DESPOTISM, INFLATION, MONETARY FREEDOM, LEGAL TENDER MONEY, FREE CHOICE IN VALUE STANDARDS AS WELL

WAGES: The Aristotelian idea of a “just price”, meaning anything other than the competitive market price, has long been discredited. The idea of a “just wage” determined administratively is just as spurious. The market provides only the objective basis for determining what the wage of a particular individual should be.” – Jack Markowitz on Jonathan Swift, in THE FREEMAN, 4/76, p.232. – I would rather have written: “Only the market …” – JZ, 19.8.08.

WAGES: The average annual incomes of workers could be increased - if only they renounced their claim to fixed wages and were content with fluctuating wages. Alas, most of them seem to be prejudiced against this option, although e.g. independent tradesmen, contractors and professionals as well as businessmen are quite used to this condition. Many workers would rather have a fixed wage and, consequently, unemployment in-between, with a lower average annual income, than a fluctuating wage, in continuing employments and coming to a larger total than their earnings at fixed wages. In short, they are not seriously enough seeking after the profits of labor but rather seek security, i.e. the avoidance of risk, even when, in this attempt, they have to risk unemployment. – JZ, 19.12.93, 20.8.08.

WAGES: The bad workmen, who form the majority of the operatives in many branches of industry, are decidedly of opinion that bad workmen ought to receive the same wages as good.” – John Stuart Mill, On Liberty, Ch. 4, 1859.

WAGES: The capitalist, of course, speaks of the wages he “pays”. But, he is quick to point out that the wages do not come out of his capital, but are derived from the sale of his products; if the market does not absorb the output of his plant he ceases to be a “payer” of wages. This means that the envelopes he hands out to his employees, are filled by the consumers, and these are, in large part, the workers themselves. Thus, the employer of labor is labor, and the wage earner is the wage payer. If follows that the general level of wages is determined by the general level of production - leaving out, for the moment, any purloining – and neither capital nor capitalist has any part in fixing it. - It follow also that political power can in no way affect an increase in wages; nor can capital by itself do so. Wages can go up only as a result of increased production, due to an increase in population or improvement in the skill and industry of the current population. …” - Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, Let’s Teach Communism, p.166/67. – Also in Frank Chodorov, “One Is a Crowd”, p.78. - Already Frederic Bastiat observed that the share of labor in the total returns from production has been increasing, while the share of capital in it has been decreasing. Most published accounts of firms over the last few decades will confirm his observation. The only significant change since Bastiat’s time is that the State’s “share” in form of taxes and the compulsory share of Welfare State expenses have been increasing very much, to the disadvantage of both, employers and employees, under the usual statist mismanagement, combined with the usual government-caused inflations. - Alas, the means of payment problem, especially under a monopolistic and coercive supply of means of payment, is quite ignored here, even by Frank Chodorov. – JZ, 19.8.08. – CAPITALISTS, PROFITS, INTEREST, DIVIDENDS, SPLIT UP OF RETURNS FROM PRODUCTION

WAGES: the consumers in buying at a definite price determine also the height of the wages that are paid to all those engaged in the industries.” – Ludwig von Mises, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 9/75, p.529.

WAGES: The fact is that wages are determined by supply and demand, and not in a general way, but in each case, by branches of production, by enterprises within each one of these branches, and by individuals within each enterprise, on the basis of the existing need for labor, its abundance or scarcity, and the productive capability of each particular worker. This holds true not only in countries with a system of free enterprise but also in those with a more or less interventionist policy, like Mexico, …” - Ballvé, Economics, p.37. – Nowhere does there exist as yet fully free banking or monetary freedom and thus no fully free market, free trade and free enterprise. But I was surprised to read today that in Afghanistan, in spite of all the anti-rights and anti-freedom and intolerant actions of these “freedom-fighters”, according to a report by Paul McGeough, in THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, of Aug. 9-10,08, p. 27, there exist 3 currencies in the Taliban area. Alas, details were not given. Nor was the unemployment rate in the Taliban and governmental areas or the inflation rate of the official currency. According to another source the unemployment rate in A. is extremely high. Much of its total income seems to be still due to drug production and drug trade. – If the three competing currencies there were issued and streaming back on a quite sound foundation, then the unemployment rate might be as low as it can be in a country in the middle of a civil war. – If the Talibans can be tolerant towards the coexistence of 3 currencies, why can’t they be tolerant in other respects as well? If they confined their “reforms” to volunteers only, they could be much more successful and would not provoke as much resistance as they do. E.g., according to the above newspaper report suicide bombings are on the rise and they killed 40 humanitarian workers and abducted 89. – So my sympathies are certainly not with their violent actions. – Any peace-plan, to be effective, should concede them their own panarchy – but not any territorial monopoly. Nor should such a monopoly be granted to any other group, movement or faith in Afghanistan – or anywhere else. -JZ, 19.8.08. – A DEGREE OF MONETARY FREEDOM IN AFGHANISTAN? PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, TALIBANS

WAGES: The height of wage rates at which all those eager to get jobs can be employed depends on the marginal productivity of labor. The more capital – other things being equal – is invested, the high wages climb on the free labor market, i.e. on the labor market not manipulated by the government and the unions. At these market wage rates all those eager to employ workers can hire as many as they want. At these market wage rates all those who want to be employed can get a job. There prevails on a free labor market a tendency toward full employment. In fact, the policy of letting the free market determine the height of wage rates is the only reasonable and successful full-employment policy. If wage rates, either by union pressure and compulsion or by government decree, are raised above this height, lasting unemployment of a part of the potential labor force develops.” – Ludwig von Mises, Planning for Freedom, p. 153. - Correct, as far as he went. - Alas, here, too, he ignored the facts of the means of payment supply problem under monetary despotism, which would not be sufficiently overcome by the kind of exclusive currency that he favored, namely one redeemable by the issuer in gold coins, upon demand by the note holder. – Even under this kind of exclusive currency the demand for labor, expressed in sound alternative, competitive, market rated and refusable but freely competing exchange media, all using sound and agreed upon value standards, and redeemable only in goods and services or through clearing, with their competition driving out all inferior ones, would not be free to exert their demand for labor. – Under any exclusive currency labor and sellers of goods and services tend to ”hunt” for that elusive currency, all too often in short supply, sometimes even when it is rapidly depreciated. (Then the note printing presses cannot keep up with the price increases that anticipate further inflation. - JZ, 8.4.11.) Under full monetary freedom, sound and optional as well as market-rated alternative currencies, mostly standing at par with their nominal value, always accepted in payment at 100 % by their issuers, would, so to speak, hunt up and engage all available labor. – The involuntarily unemployed would soon become - an extinct species. - JZ, 19.8.08, 8.4.11.

WAGES: The higher the wages, the higher the production.” – Frank Chodorov, One Is a Crowd, p.127. – Rather: The higher production, the higher the wages that become, thereby, possible and likely. – Provided only that the sale of the products and services is assured – through full monetary freedom and free trade. - JZ, 13.7.94, 20.8.08.

WAGES: The hours are long, the pay is small, // So take your time and buck them all.” – Unknown, an IWW poster. – How much smaller would they be without good tools, machines and management? How much larger could their earned incomes become under self-management? How could self-management be achieved, in a rightful and businesslike way, via a take-over bid of the employees, using industrial bonds, issued and guaranteed by them, as their means of payment? How many or how few years would it take them to pay off this debt? Could they largely or completely pay it off, in installments, from the thus achieved extra incomes? - Alas, people with the usual trade-union mentality of class warfare do only very rarely ask themselves such questions and still more rarely act upon the answers. It is always so much more easy to criticize and do nothing than to act rightfully and constructively. – JZ, 19.8.08. – How often have trade unionists considered alternative means of payment and alternative value standards for their wages and salaries? - JZ, 8.4.11. – Q., UNIONS, CLASS WARFARE NOTIONS, MONETARY FREEDOM VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM, SELF-MANAGEMENT, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY EMPLOYEES ON TERMS

WAGES: The inherent tendency of capitalist evolution is to raise real wage rates steadily. This outcome is the effect of the progressive accumulation of capital by means of which technological methods of production are improved. Whenever the accumulation of additional capital stops, this tendency comes to a standstill. If capital consumption is substituted for an increase of capital available, real wage rates must drop temporarily until the checks to a further increase in capital are removed. …” - Ludwig von Mises, Planning for Freedom, p.11. – Here, once again, he ignores the means of payment and the clearing aspect, just like the trade unionists and the employers and retailers do. - JZ, 8.4.11. - CAPITAL, TAXATION,

WAGES: The level of wages is determined by the level of production , and political intervention in the economy always has the effect of depressing production.” – Frank Chodorov, One Is a Crowd, p.127. - As if the problem of the means of wage payments, and for sales and purchases were already sufficiently solved. No matter how high the production is and the accumulated stocks of ready for sale consumer goods are and the capacity to supply consumer services, their sale, in a monetary economy, is not assured, especially not under monetary and financial despotism. How can the employers pay their employees any wages or salaries, if they do not achieve sufficient sales to keep them going? Has monetary and financial despotism assured their sales? - JZ, 8.4.11. – Q., - MONETARY FREEDOM VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM

WAGES: The most inelastic factor in a free society of responsible individuals is likely to be in the supply of wage earners (job seekers). Therefore, they benefit most from the competition of capital seeking investment, and they get an increasing share of the total product. Wages and wage rates tend to rise therefore, while rates of interest fail. (Footnote: The rise in interest rates during the past 60 years has been due to the anti-capitalistic policies of governments – wars, inflation of currencies, waste of resources, and forced redistribution of wealth and income.)” – V. Orval Watts, THE FREEMAN, 10/75. – The greatest supply of productive capital is useless if the sale of its products and services is not sufficiently assured in a sound and monetary way, which can, apparently, not be achieved under a forced and exclusive currency, which is, inherently, all too manipulated, resulting in deflations, stagflations and inflations. It is not just a matter of interest rates, taxation "policies" and wars. - JZ, 8.4.11. - INTEREST RATES, MONETARY DESPOTISM

WAGES: the new truth, which has yet to be fully understood, that the wage-slave is slowly but surely giving place to the machine-slave.” – Sir Ernest Benn, Producer v. Consumer, p.27. - WAGE SLAVERY OR SLAVERY OF MACHINES, WORKING FOR MAN?

WAGES: The question for the worker to ask himself is not: Does my labor bring me a great deal? Does it bring me very little? Does it bring me as much as it brings another? Does it bring me what I should like? - Rather, he should ask: Does my labor bring me less because I have put it at the service of the capitalist? Would it bring me more if I performed it on my own, or if I joined my labor with that of others as destitute as I am? My situation is bad. Would I be better off if there were no capital on earth? If the share that I receive as a result of my arrangement with capital is larger than my share would be without it, what grounds do I have for complaint? And then, if transactions are free and voluntary, what are the laws determining whether there is to be a rise or a fall in the amount of our respective shares? If the nature of these transactions is such that, as the total to be distributed increases, my share in the increase becomes steadily larger, then, instead of vowing eternal hatred against the capitalist, ought I not to look upon him as a good brother? If it is well established that the presence of capital is advantageous to me, and that its absence would mean my death, am I very wise or prudent in abusing it, intimidating it, requiring it to be frittered away or forcing it into hiding?” - Bastiat, in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat - A Man Alone, p.221. – What a pity that Bastiat, 1801-1850, died so relatively young. If he could have written for another 20 years, history might have taken a better course. – JZ, 19.8.09. - EXPLOITATION, CAPITAL, CAPITALISM, Q.

WAGES: The salaries being received now are completely unrelated to the work-value. In fact no one knows in the rapidly changing situation what is the true economic value of any service.” – George Hardy, The Doom of the Welfare Society, p.91. – Among the many interesting suggestions in the writings of Theodor Hertzka there is one of a kind of auction for job-seekers. When there are several applicants with equal qualifications for one job, to the extent that one can judge that at all, then the one with the lowest salary claim gets it. – When all are also co-owners of an enterprise, then an election of people into jobs, at least on a probationary basis, would also make economic sense, as long as they can also be recalled by their co-workers and co-owners, if their performance should disappoint or, gradually, deteriorate. What they would allocate to each other as their shares in the sales proceeds of their product or service, might fluctuate, just as their overall common profits would. It would be in their common interest to have the best man for each job and to have him neither over-paid nor under-paid. – JZ, 19.8.08.

WAGES: The second cause of unemployment is when legislation or trade union pressure are used to attempt to force employers to pay workers more than the goods they produce are worth. There is an economic law, which has been known for over 200 years, which says that if the price demanded for any goods or services is too high, i.e. above the equilibrium, then some of those goods or services will remain unsold. This law holds true for wheat, motor cars and labour. If the price demanded for labour is too high there will be unemployment.” – PROGRESS, Melbourne, Vic., 1/78. – Typically, the kind of money in which the wages are to be paid, and the demand and supply condition for this money, are not taken into consideration. - As if unemployment did not already exist long before there were trade unions and even in cases where wages, by law, were fixed below their market rates in “normal” times, as if, in cases of an exclusive currency, legally and juridically upheld, although it is in insufficient supply, one could speak of a really “free” market and “normal” times. – JZ, 19.8.08. – UNEMPLOYMENT, MONETARY DESPOTISM OR EXCLUSIVE CURRENCIES INSTEAD OF MONETARY FREEDOM

WAGES: The simplest of all economic facts is that wages have to come from production; the aggregate production is all the pie there is. When some forcibly take a disproportionate share of the pie for themselves, there are only smaller pieces for the others.” – Leonard E. Read, Talking to Myself, p.77. - By now the trade union workers, often privileged by special pro-union laws, are more likely to do that than the employers are. – JZ, 19.8.08. – Production and service capacity can pay free market wages, salaries and profits, as well as rents, interest rates or dividends only to the extent that the production of services offered can be SOLD! That requires a sufficient exchange media supply or enough free clearing options and good enough value standards. Can these conditions be expected to be lastingly fulfilled under monetary despotism? - JZ, 8.4.11. - UNIONS, COLLECTIVE BARGAINING, LABOR LAWS, Q., MONETARY DESPOTISM, CENTRAL BANKING

WAGES: The surplus value theory had it that capitalists paid labor subsistence wages and retained as profits all that labor produced above this subsistence level; but capitalism proved that wages come out of production, and that the more capital is used in production, the greater the output of labor and therefore the greater its rewards. Capitalism has raised wages, no lowered them, as Marx predicted. So much so, that the worker with a washing machine and automobile has lost every vestige of “working-class consciousness”. He even plays golf.” – Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.133. - Both, workers and employers suffer under monetary and financial despotism and, nevertheless, they are insufficiently interested in their replacement by monetary and financial freedom. - Neither has as yet experienced fully free enterprise capitalism or a laissez faire economy. Thus they concentrate blaming each other rather than the wrongful conditions that make it difficult for both of them. - JZ, 8.4.11. – EXPLOITATION, MARXISM, COMMUNISM, UNIONISM, CLASS WARFARE, CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS, PROFITS, CAPITALISM, MONETARY FREEDOM VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM.

WAGES: The U.S. FREEMAN – It is always packed with good individualist propaganda. In the January issue, Dean Russell writes that many European firms are setting up factories in USA because the US labour cost per unit of output is the lowest in the world. (*) This exposes the folly of the people who call for protection because the foreign worker is paid less per day. American workmen may be paid $ 50 per day, while the Egyptian is paid only $ 5; but the American produces 500 “units” a day, while the Egyptian produces only 25 “units”. The American works harder, accepts direction better, and has access to better machines.” – Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 10/77. - (*) Trade unionism has destroyed that advantages in many spheres, e.g. in the car industry. – JZ, 19.8.08. - LOWER WAGES AN ADVANTAGE? ONLY UNDER AS HIGH PRODUCTIVITY!

WAGES: The way to raise the wages of workers is to increase the savings invested in tools that workers can use to increase their production.” – Percy L. Greaves, Jr., “Understanding the Dollar Crisis”. - CAPITAL INVESTMENTS

WAGES: There are miseries in the social state”, Ricardo wrote, ‘which legislation cannot relieve.’ Hence the futility of poor relief, and of attempting to raise wages by combining in trade unions. ‘They might as well attempt’, Cobden remarked, ‘to regulate the tides by force, or change the course of the seasons, or subvert any of the other laws of nature – for the wages of labour depend upon laws a unerring and as much above our coercive power as any other operations of nature.’ – Alas, I did not write down the source of this quote. – I seems to be one of the books in my collection of free trade books – but I am not investing time to browse through them for this passage. – JZ, 19.8.08.

WAGES: There is no such thing as a ‘right’ to a job. We have only the right to offer jobs (as employers) or to seek jobs (as employees). We cannot demand that someone be forced to provide us with a job.” – John Singleton with Bob Howard, Rip Van Australia, p.255/56. – But we can and should demand the right to supply ourselves with jobs, without depriving anybody of his jobs, by taking all the monetary, clearing, value-measuring, and organizational steps required for this purpose, while ignoring all artificial and imposed monopolies on the way to realizing this rightful aim. - Here, once again, the supply of and the search for means of payment in this process was ignored by these two authors, just like it is by most others on this subject, although a very significant monopoly and power, namely monetary despotism, with its central note-issuing bank monopoly and its legal tender power (compulsory acceptance at a forced value) are involved here, instead of a competitive supply exchange and clearing media, limited by freedom to refuse or discount them, the self-interest of the issuers and the self-chosen value standards involved in full monetary freedom, under which “redemption” in wanted consumer goods and services is essential, while redemption by the issuer in rare metals is superfluous. – Only stable value reckoning or accounting is required for prices, notes, clearing certificates and clearing accounts and the determination of wages, salaries, profits, rents, interest rates etc. - JZ, 19.8.08, 8.4.11. – FULL EMPLOYMENT, MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE CHOICE OF VALUE STANDARDS, FREE CHOICE & PRICING ALSO FOR VALUE STANDARDS & EXCHANGE MEDIA, TRANSFORMING SUPPLY INTO EFFECTIVE DEMAND, SAY’S LAW

WAGES: There isn’t a single “pro-labor” member of Congress, a staff member of the NLRB, a labor union official, or one of their millions of members who really believes that a laborer should be paid more for his labor than a free and unfettered market has to offer. Not if we test their beliefs by their actions rather than by their pronouncements! - Merely observe that every one of these individuals – as does each of the rest of us – shops around for bargains. He’ll buy a can of beans from the store that offers it for 20 cents rather than from a store that offers the identical can for 30 cents. What do his actions prove? He is attempting to buy labor as cheaply as he possibly can, for that can of beans is but the manifestation of countless labor bits applied to the bounties of the good earth. - Were the actions of these people consistent with their pronouncements backed by coercion, they would buy the 30-cent can of beans, that is, they would insist on paying more for labor than the free market offers. Not until they engage in his foolish action will I believe they mean what they say by their anti-market pronouncements.” – Leonard E. Read, Talking to Myself, p.69/70. - UNIONS, UNION FUNCTIONARIES, LABOR SYMPATHIZERS, THEIR INCONSISTENCY

WAGES: They pretend they are paying us so we pretend we are working.” – proverb in the Soviet Union. - JOKES

WAGES: Thus, the liberals would hold, if there is a natural law of wages, an attempt to politically manage wages must ultimately result in the lowering of the general level of wages, even if at first the semblance of a rise is produced.” – Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.64. – The rise in nominal wages that we experienced was due to inflations by governments. The rise in purchasing power that we had was due to science, technology and capital savings and their productive investments, not to government actions. – JZ, 19.8.08.

WAGES: Unemployment, inflation, protectionism and taxes reduce wage incomes or their purchasing power. – JZ, 13.2.98. Also the usual trade union practices, the compulsory licensing laws, compulsory schooling, compulsory retirement and compulsory “investments” in governmental securities (really only “insecurities”, finally paid, if at all, only out of general taxes or the inflation tax) and numerous regulations and controls. A complete list would, probably, be very long. – JZ, 22.4.09, 9.4.11.

WAGES: unless wages were brought under control.” – They are already under all too many government controls – and thus out of control - rather than under the controls of a free market – and thus under a natural and automatic as well as quite rightful and rational control. – JZ, 29.7.84, 19.8.08. – Mostly, today, they limb behind the inflation rate and only in the last stages of inflation do they race ahead of it – for those then still employed. – JZ, 22.4.09. -  WAGE CONTROL

WAGES: Wage-Price Spiral? The “wage-price-spiral” has to be continuously fed by the note printing press to keep going. – JZ, 31.7.82. And the result of this inflation seems to make frequent interventions by trade unionists necessary. Already automatic wage indexing would make unions appear largely unnecessary. Free choice in value standards, for wages and salaries would be even better. Its combination with self-management schemes and free competition for the supply of sound exchange media, for wage payments, would be optimal. – However, obviously, the unions do not want to make themselves superfluous. So their anti-industrial warfare goes on and on. - Since wages constitute only a part of all prices the supposedly endless wage-price spiral comes soon to an end, rather than continuing endlessly. – I find it more and more astonishing how primitive and false many to most of the popular beliefs in the “social sciences” really are. Almost as if e.g. chess- and football players could only think one move ahead. In their view of the social sciences, upon one primitive notion or premise they jump to false conclusions and, thereby, they may contribute to the messing up of their own whole lives. – JZ, 19.8.08, 9.4.11. - WAGE-PRICE SPIRAL? UNIONS

WAGES: Wages and salaries are already 70% of the national income.” – Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 4/73, p.29. - They can, certainly, not be increased to 100% of it. But they can be increased through higher productivity. - JZ, 9.4.11.

WAGES: Wages are earned – not “struggled” for – no matter what trade unionists think, say or write. – Unearned wages are loot and nothing to be proud of as a “union achievement”. – JZ, 13.5.78, 3.8.78. – We are all consumers and as consumers such union actions go against our rights and interests. – JZ, 22.4.09. - UNIONS, STRUGGLES, FIGHTING, CONSUMER RIGHTS & INTERESTS

WAGES: Wages are increased, nominally, due to inflation and the unions often see in this their “achievement” and their justification for their current actions. They can also be increased, more than merely nominally, in purchasing power, under full employment conditions, stable currencies, free trade, free capital investments, technical, scientific and organizational improvements (which increase capital and work incentives), and under no taxation at all or only voluntary taxation, all of which possibilities the trade unions know or care about all too little. – JZ, 17.2.98, 20.8.08, 9.4.11.

WAGES: Wages are prices.” – Jack Allen Horrigan, Oct. 71.

WAGES: Wages are today not the price of free labor.  They are only the price of the subordinated labor of the employer-employee relationship. – Free labor is possible only outside the employer-employee relationship (*). It does not earn a fixed or incentive wage for a degree of personal dependence and obedience but earns an income that is increased through the release of all its creative energies. - (*) A condition of “organized antagonism” as Hyacinthe Dubreuil called it. As such it leads to all too much “anti-industrial warfare”, wrongly called “industrial warfare” or to all too much interventionist labor regulation passed in order to reduce the number of strikes. – Under all kinds of self-management schemes who could and would laborers strike against? It would be like a strike by businessmen against their customers. - JZ, 5.6.82, 19.8.08, 9.4.11. – SELF-MANAGEMENT VS.THE EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP & STRIKES, Q.

WAGES: Wages must be based on service rendered. An overpaid man has as little of the cooperative spirit as one who is underpaid.” – John Leitch, Man to Man, p.77, on Industrial Democracy.

WAGES: Wages Policy: … an endless search for a method of ensuring that people do not receive too much more than they earn.” – I.E.A.

WAGES: Wages rise when two employers run after one labourer, and fall when two labourers run after one employer. There is no law fixing the level of wages but the old law of supply and demand.” … Yves Guyot, Labour, Socialism and Strikes, p.100, ascribing the formula to Cobden. – Only under free banking or full monetary freedom would we come close to the situation of 2 employers chasing after 1 employee. Much of the ready for sale goods and services – just walk through a shopping center in one of the relatively free and developed countries and see what is on offer, immediately - could be turned immediately into sound purchasing power for more labor - by the retail shops and their association, acting as issuers of shop currencies, in short-term loans for the payment of wages and salaries with, to pay for all the available labor, employ it and keep it producing. The present retail displays do not even show the large stocks available for immediate delivery at wholesalers, or the stocks ready for sale at the factories to wholesalers. – Each could be busy working – to the limits of his ability to work and to his ability to consume or to accumulate riches. While there is a limit to our immediate consumption capacity, is there one for the accumulation of riches and of productive capital? - Those consumer goods and services, which are not needed to produce more consumer goods and services, could and would then be utilized to produce capital goods, which would increase future productivity. - JZ, 19.8.08, 9.4.11.

WAGES: Wages should be indirectly “voted” upon by free consumers, with their earned dollars, not by legislators, bureaucrats, judges, and threats or violence by trade unionists. – JZ, 6.11.91.

WAGES: Wages tend to be less elastic than prices. When the currency depreciates, prices rise faster than wages, causing a decline in real wages. This is a transfer of wealth from employee to employer.” – Howard Katz, FREEDOM TODAY, 3/76. - LESS ELASTIC THAN PRICES, INFLATION

WAGES: Wages Ultimately Paid By the Consumers: It follows that an employer cannot pay more to an employee than the equivalent of the latter’s work, according to the judgment of the buying public, adds to the merchandise. (This is the reason why the movie star gets much more than the charwoman.) If he were to pay more, he would not recover his outlays from the purchasers, he would suffer losses and would finally go bankrupt. In paying wages, the employer acts as a mandatory of the consumers as it were. It is upon the consumers that the incidence of the wage payments fall. As the immense majority of the goods produced are bought and consumed by people who are themselves receiving wages and salaries, it is obvious that in spending their earnings the wage earners and employees themselves are foremost in determining the height of the compensation they and those like them will get.” – Ludwig von Mises, Planning for Freedom, p.151. - A good demonstration of this fact was offered when Germany was reunited after the fall of the Berlin Wall and the Iron Curtain. The East German workers, then paid in DM and finally free to purchase quality West German and world goods with them, rather spent most of their DM on these goods and boycotted the goods they themselves had produced in East Germany. Thus they soon made themselves unemployed. – Neither they not their governments fully understood what was happening in this respect. If they had been paid in good warrants and vouchers upon their own products, and these would have had a free exchange rate against other currencies, it would have been a different matter. - Anyhow, even with their dole paid to them in DM, at the artificial 1:1 exchange rate, they lived better than they did before, while working for East German Marks, the Ostmark. And thus many to most of them went on a long holiday! – And that was described as the introduction of “capitalism” for the East Germans, rather than the introduction of the more moderate West German State Socialism, at the expense of the taxpayers. – Well, they had suffered under the East German form of totalitarian State Socialism for a long time and thus, perhaps, they did somehow deserve this holiday. - JZ, 19.8.08. - CONSUMERS & THEIR ROLE IN PRODUCTION & WAGE DETERMINATION

WAGES: We know that there is no such thing as a just wage – fixed in absolute terms – for any kind of work. Money is a relative measure of values. And we have seen that simple comparisons between the incomes of different people reveal nothing.” – David Kelley, THE FREEMAN, 1/75.

WAGES: We will support the right of any individual or group to bargain on wages. - We will oppose the idea that any government or union has the right to dictate the maximum or the minimum wage that any worker may accept.” – From a State election policy leaflet of the Progress Party: “A Return to Common Sense.” - WAGE CONTROL, MAXIMUM OR MINIMUM WAGES

WAGES: weekly salaries or hourly wages are the “price” that most of us get for our services.” – Henry Hazlitt. What You Should Know About Inflation, p.32. – ARE PRICES

WAGES: What the worker gains by the rise in wage rates and by pro-labor legislation burdens him in his capacity as consumer.” – Ludwig von Mises, Omnipotent Government, p.70. – The well-organized and ruthless get their benefits often at the expense of other workers, who lose in wages and in prices. - JZ, 2/75. – CONSUMER RIGHTS & INTERESTS

WAGES: Whatever dollar wages may be in a free market, real wages will be increased in the degree to which government withdraws its interventions and taxes.” – Charles A. LaDow, THE FREEMAN, 11/74. – In the first part he does wrongly assume that a free market does already. In the second part he denies this and demands that the government withdraw its interventions and taxes. He does not expressly demand the abolition of monetary and trade union despotism, including compulsory tribute levies by trade unions. – JZ, 12.5.14.

WAGES: Whenever possible the wage-contract should be modified by a partnership-contract, whereby the wage-earner is made to share in the ownership, the management or the profits.” – Pope Pious XI, Quadragesimo anno, May 15, 1931. – Compulsory sharing of property is hardly better than a tax upon productive capital. Here a Pope makes a communistic or State Socialist proposal. – JZ, 12.5.14. - COOPERATIVE PRODUCTION, SELF-MANAGEMENT, EMPLOYEE-SHAREHOLDING, PARTNERSHIPS, PROFIT-SHARING COMBINED WITH RISK-SHARING, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES IS A RIGHTFUL ALTERNATIVE IN MOST CASES

WAGES: William Rees-Moog of the LONDON TIMES says that in 1900 the average English wage was ½ oz. of gold/week. Since 1979, it has been less than ½ oz of gold/week. – SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 4/80. – Henry Meulen, in his THE INDIVIDUALIST, pointed out that the extra productivity achieved since then had been largely taxed away to finance the Warfare State and the Welfare State. – JZ, 22.4.09. - GOLD-WEIGHT ACCOUNTING, TAXATION

WAGES: You cannot help the wage earner by pulling down the wage payer.” – From a 1942 leaflet by the Committee for Constitutional Government. – quoted in Seldes. – EMPLOYERS, CONSUMERS, CAPITALISTS, PROFITS, DIVIDENDS, INTEREST

WAGES: You mean that neither prices nor wages can be controlled?” – “Yes, they can, in the army, or in prison.” – Frank Chodorov, One Is a Crowd, p.86. – PRICE CONTROL, WAGE CONTROL

WAIT: Everything comes to he who waits, so long as he works like hell while he waits.” – PARADE MAGAZINE, Nov. 27, 1994, p.18. – Provided he is quite free to do so, in all his production and exchange activities. – JZ, 12.5.14. - PATIENCE, FORETHOUGHT, PREPAREDNESS, WEALTH, RICHES, PROSPERITY

WAITING ROOMS: The nasty power to make people wait and wait is a built-in feature of all bureaucracies; whether the hazy autocrat at the summit is a monarch, an oligarchy, or a so-called sovereign people, the psychological smell of the waiting room is everywhere the same.” – Edgar Pangborn, The Company of Glory, p.63. – In GALAXY, Aug. 74, p.76. - DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, BUREAUCRACY, RULERS, HIERARCHIES, POWER ADDICTS

WALKING: - Who walks on his own comes back accompanied by many thoughts.” – Ernst R. Hauschka. – (“Wer ohne Begleitung spazieren geht, kommt in Begleitung vieler Gedanken zurueck.”) - Maybe, if he is in a creative mood. What makes people creative may be quite or a bit different for different people. But noteworthy thoughts can also happen in bed or during house- or gardening work or while writing a letter to a friend. And to walk together with an intelligent and thoughtful person, discussing various subjects, can be even more fruitful than walking on one’s own. According to my school lessons, the “peripatetics” in Athens, who regularly walked around a temple, conversing, were supposed to be the first academics. Walking may stimulate thoughts but it may also act as a distraction. I have sometimes just woken up and made many notes, a few to dozens, while still in bed, on one or the other of my favorite topics. Alas, it hasn’t happened lately, in such quantities. I must be getting too old for this or not sleeping well enough or simply running out of thoughts and ideas. Probably also too many of my brain cells are already dead. – One can also be stimulated into thoughts and ideas just by reading interesting books, or articles or hearing news items or discussions on radio or TV, or during a movie or video, contradicting, confirming or developing some of their thoughts or observations. Going for a walk is at best only one method among many. A walk through a well-conducted open-air free-speech-center can also be stimulating. Discussion coffee shops have, unfortunately, largely died out and were not systematically revived. I would like to see many more electronic discussions on all remaining libertarian controversies, perhaps best arranged by the digital “argument mapping” developed by Paul Monk et al. – With them one can remain seated at one’s desk and yet be in touch with dozens to thousands all over the world, immediately or a bit later on. - JZ, 29.8.08. - THOUGHTS, THINKING, DISCUSSIONS, MENTAL STIMULATION OPTIONS, SIGN DEBATES, COFFEE SHOPS FOR INTELLECTUALS, ARGUMENT MAPPING, CREATIVITY, PROMOTION OF THINKING IN XYZ DIFFERENT FORMS, IDEAS ARCHIVE, REFUTATIONS ENCYCLOPEDIA, ALL FREEDOM WRITINGS ON A DISC, DEFINITIONS ENCYCLOPEDIA

WALKING: Walking is still the best form of short-distance transportation. It’s the most convenient, the cheapest and the most healthful. Countless years of technological advance have not changed that. ISAAC ASIMOV, Prelude to Foundation, Grafton Books, 1988/89, p.52. – HEALTH, TRANSPORT, CARS, BICYCLES ETC.

WALLS: Learn to think in terms of German marks and Swiss francs. Make foreign investments. You will build a wall around yourself if you are only able to think in terms of dollars and Wall Street. We have, in fact, two walls to knock down; the one we erect ourselves and the one governments have built. The latter is tough enough. The least you can do is be sure the first wall is flattened.” – Harry Schultz, A Warning to Americans. – TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM, COSMOPOLITANISM, WORLD MARKET, FRONTIERS, BARRIERS, OBSTACLES, RESTRICTIONS, EXCHANGE RATES, FREE CHOICE OF VALUE STANDARDS, REFUTATIONS ENCYCLOPEDIA, IDEAS ARCHIVE, ALL LIBERTARIAN WRITINGS ON A DISC, SINCE SO FAR NO ONE HAS EASY ACCESS TO ALL OF THEM

WALLS: No western nations has to build a wall round itself to keep its people in.” – Mrs. Margaret Thatcher, 1975. – But their immigration barriers are almost as dishonorable and immoral as the pens of the totalitarian States. They demonstrate that their freedom, especially their monetary and financial freedom, is not large enough to cope with any influx of people able and willing to work. – JZ, 7.9.08. - BERLIN WALL, IRON CURTAIN, FRONTIERS, TOTALITARIANISM, REFUGEES, IMMIGRATION RESTRICTIONS

WANTS: Freedom from want - to the extent that this proposal is sensible at all – can only be obtained under full economic freedom. All other systems tend to produce poverty or not as much prosperity as would be possible under full freedom in all spheres. – JZ, 1.9.75, 7.9.08, 12.5.14. - FREEDOM FROM WANT, POVERTY, NEED, ECONOMIC FREEDOM, PROSPERITY, RICHES, WEALTH, DEVELOPMENT, “ECONOMIC WONDERS”, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, FREE TRADE, VOLUNTARY TAXATION

WANTS: How much there is in the world I do not want.” – Socrates, on seeing articles of luxury for sale. – George Seldes, The Great Quotations, p.908. – I often say the same to myself on every shopping trip. – JZ, 22.4.09.

WANTS: I think a person should have the right to have whatever he wants just as long as he does not impose his wishes on somebody else. Now, if those people want to vote to support a certain system or a certain person, that’s fine. However, the problem is that they’re imposing this system and this person on the rest of us.” – Murray N. Rothbard, in PENTHOUSE interview, 10/76. – He came several times close to panarchism but never saw or described it fully, to my knowledge, - JZ, 7.9.08. - IDEALS, PERSONAL PREFERENCES, IMPOSITIONS, CHOICES, DREAMS, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, ROTHBARD

WANTS: More than thirty years ago, E. Parmalee Prentice was pointing out that mankind had been rescued from a world of want so quickly that the sons do not know how their fathers lived: “Here, indeed, is an explanation of the dissatisfaction with conditions of life so often expressed, since men who never knew want such as that in which the world lived during many by-gone centuries, are unable to value at its true worth such abundance as now exists, and are unhappy because it is not greater.” (*) – How prophetic of the attitude of rebellious youth in the 1970s! The great present danger is that impatience and ignorance may combine to destroy in a single generation the progress that it took untold generations of mankind to achieve. – “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” – Henry Hazlitt, The Conquest of Poverty, p.19. - My children, too, and my grandchildren, never knew hunger and real poverty. They take the acquisition of all kinds of luxury items almost for granted. - JZ, 9.4.11. - (*) “Hunger and History, p.236. - ABUNDANCE, CAPITALISM, POVERTY, IGNORANCE

WANTS: Reflect on freedom from want, a highly popularized and broadly accepted concept. Is this valid? Yes, so long as it remains a strictly personal aspiration. It is legitimate to seek freedom from destitution – poverty – and other deterrents to fulfillment.” – Leonard E. Read, Then Truth Will Out, p.92. - FREEDOM FROM WANT, HUMAN RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, PROSPERITY, EARNED WEALTH

WAR & PEACE AIMS: [Washington] “should identify war aims that in the last resort would contemplate the destruction of Soviet political authority and the emergence of a postwar world order compatible with Western values.” – Colin Gray, a top arms control advisor to the Reagan government. - THE NATIONAL TIMES, Sept. 23/29, 1983. – Why should there be only ONE world order and why should it be based upon WESTERN values? To each individual and to all communities of volunteers the system, laws, procedures, institutions, constitutions, jurisdictions etc. that correspond to their values – for all their own affairs! – JZ, 27.8.08. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, META-UTOPIA, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW OPTIONS,  TOLERANCE, COMPETITION, CHOICE, FREEDOM OF ACTION, ASSOCIATION, SECESSION, CONTRACT & EXPERIMENTATION IN EVERY SPHERE, WORLD-WIDE, WORLD ORDER, AS MANY FREE SOCIETIES & COMMUNITIES AS VOLUNTEERS WANT FOR THEMSELVES

WAR & PEACE AIMS: A “war to end all war” must not only be “fought” militarily, but fought with motives, organizations, methods, weapons and aims that are suitable and would suffice to end if not all then at least most wars or to reduce them to mere rightful police actions against the war criminals. – JZ, 18.4.89, 28.8.08. – People, who are obviously exploited and suppressed by their own territorial government, will not fanatically fight and work for it against other governments or societies that do offer them a much better deal, possibly even quite rightful and attractive peace aims. They could change sides rather suddenly, "voting with their feet" and embrace as much in freedom, rights and opportunities as they manage to find immediately acceptable to them, in their own panarchies, provided the better side does not hold them collectively responsible for the actions of their despotic rulers, e.g. by bombing or nuking them or treating them as POWs, or as refugees herded and kept in refugee camps, instead of as liberated subjects. - Naturally, this requires that the liberating side is prepared, mainly through monetary and financial freedom, to provide millions of deserters, defectors and refugees quite rapidly with productive and self-supporting jobs. - JZ, 9.4.11. – DESERTION, SURRENDER, REFUGEES, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, REVOLUTIONS AGAINST DICTATORSHIPS, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES BETWEEN PEOPLES OVER THE HEADS OF THEIR RULERS, AGAINST DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE, LIBERTARIAN REVOLUTION- & MILITARY INSURRECTION PROGRAMS, FULL EMPLOYMENT FOR REFUGEES & DESERTERS IN ANY NUMBERS UNDER FULL MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS, VOLUNTARISM UNER PERSONAL LAW OPTIONS

WAR & PEACE AIMS: A genuine and lasting peace requires primarily quite rightful and rational war and peace aims. These were so far in extremely short supply. There is even an almost unbelievable lack of interest in and understanding of them. – JZ, 26.3.04. – WAR & PEACE AIMS, QUITE RIGHTFUL ONES, PUBLICLY DECLARED, BEFORE ANY WAR THREATENS

WAR & PEACE AIMS: A good archer is not known by his arrows but by his aim.“ – English proverb. – DEFENCE, ARMAMENT, STRENGTH


WAR & PEACE AIMS: All victories breed hate, and that over your superior is foolish or fatal.” – Baltasar Gracian, The Art of Worldly Wisdom, 1647, 7, tr. Joseph Jacobs. – A genuine liberation war, i.e. one with only quite rightful war and peace aims and just and quite discriminating warfare methods, against the war criminals only, would be an ideal exception. – JZ, 15.11.85, 28.8.08. – I am not sure what he meant with “victory” “over your superior”. Rules should be clear and consistent. – JZ, 12.5.14. - VICTORIES, WAR AIMS, LIBERATION

WAR & PEACE AIMS: An enemy should not be hated, but cured.” – Seneca. - When defining enemies the victimizers should be distinguished from their victims. - JZ, 9.4.11. – Can a tyrant or dictator be cured? Are his involuntary subjects poor? Or are they the best potential allies against a regime? – JZ, 12.5.14. – GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE, QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR-, PEACE-, REVOLUTION, MILITARY INSURRECTION & LIBERATION AIMS PUBLICLY DECLARED IN TIME

WAR & PEACE AIMS: As long as there are wrongful war aims, war will be fought because of fear. – JZ, 1/75, after reading: “Even in the 21st Century wars would be fought because of fear.” – Robert B. Marcus Jr., The Ninth Circle, ANALOG 8/74. – FEAR, UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER DEMANDS TOWARS WHOLE POPULATIONS RATHER THAN THEIR DESPOTS, TYRANTS, DICTATORS


WAR & PEACE AIMS: Can there be a more bloody project than to engage men to kill one another, and yet no just cause declared?” - Walwyn, The Bloody Project, 1648, Postscript. – DECLARATION OF QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR-, PEACE- & LIBERATION AIMS

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Certainly there is none so vile, considering what hath been said, that will again incur the guilt of murtherers, and fight before the Cause be plainly stated and published, and if that were done as it ought to be, possibly it may be attained without fighting, and might have been all this while, the difference not being so great as was imagined; Besides, where is the man that would fight against the supreme Authority, and a just Cause? And certainly there is none of you (whether Royalists, Presbyterians or Independents) so wicket as to desire to kill men without exceedingly (*) just grounds and upon the greatest necessity, it being the saddest work in the world.” - Walwyn, The Bloody Project, 1648, quoted in A. L. Morton, Freedom In Arms, p. 175. – (*) exceedingly just? quite just? Can justice ever be excessive? – JZ, 9.4.11. - Q.

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Ceterum censeo, Carthaginem esse delendam.” – “In my opinion, Carthage must be destroyed.” – Plutarch, Lives: Marcus Cato, ch. 27, sec. I. – Publius Scipio Nasica always countered with, ”In my opinion, Carthage must be spared!” – What kind of historic development would have followed if Rome and Carthage had come to a free trade, free migration, free labor, free banking, free investment arrangement and had both abolished slavery and reduced all citizenship to volunteers and all territorial sovereignty to exterritorial autonomy for communities of volunteers? – JZ, 27.8.08. - DESTRUCTION OF CITIES, AIR RAIDS, BOMBING, UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER DEMANDS, TOTAL WARFARE, DESTROYING WHOLE COUNTRIES & KILLING, ENSLAVING OR DISPERSING THEIR POPULATIONS, Q., ANCIENT SELF-MADE PROBLEMS ARE NOT EVEN SOLVED MORE THAN 2,000 YEARS LATER!

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Cultivate friendship for an enemy.” – Pittacus - Rather, distinguish the real enemy, the aggressor and victimizer, from his involuntary victims. - Our democratic but territorial governments are all too friendly or tolerant towards their despotic and territorial opposites, while, largely, ignoring the involuntary victims of these regimes or even threatening them with nuclear "weapons". - JZ, 9.4.11. - NWT

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Declaration of quite rightful war aims by the people. – Governmental promises do not deserve to be trusted. They cannot even be trusted not to devalue their own currency, no matter how solemn their promise was or its legal "guaranty" through its central bank. – JZ, n.d. & 27.8.08. – PEOPLE, GOVERNMENTS, TRUST, PROMISES, MONETARY DESPOTISM, POLITICIANS & THEIR PROMISED & TREATIES

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Declaration of quite rightful war aims, made in a quite trustworthy way, by the people themselves, rather than by their governments. What were the quite rightful war aims e.g. in the American Civil War, in WW I, in WW II, in the war in Korea, in Vietnam, in Afghanistan, in Iraq etc.? – I never heard or read of any! Without a war aim that is attractive to both sides no war is likely to stop before almost complete mutual exhaustion. Minimum demands are: No reparations, no conquests, no discrimination, full exterritorial autonomy for all societies of volunteers, recognition of all individual rights and liberties. – JZ, n.d. & 27.8.08, 9.4.11. – DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY ON WAR & PEACE, DISARMAMENT & INTERNATIONAL TREATIES, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES BETWEEN THE PEOPLES THEMSELVES, OVER THE HEADS OF THE GOVERNMENTS, TRUSTWORTHILY OFFERED, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES BETWEEN THE VICTIMS OF ALL WARS

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Do good to thy Friend to keep him, to thy enemy to gain him. – “Poor Richard”, 1734. - Rather rights and liberties than mere charity. - JZ, 9.4.11.

WAR & PEACE AIMS: For shame therefore (Royalists, Presbyterians, Independents), before you murther another man hold forth your Cause plainly and expresly, and if any7 Adversaries appear either within or without the Land, reason it out with them if it be possible, deal as becometh Christians, argue, perswade, and use all possible means to prevent another War, and greater blood-shed; your great ones, whether the King, Lords, Parliament men, rich Citizens, &c. feel not the miserable effects thereof, and so cannot be sensible; but you and your poor friends that depend on Farmers, trades, and small pay, have many an aking heart when these live in all pleasure and deliciousness: The accursed thing is accepted by them, wealth and honor, and both comes by the bleeding miserable distractions of the Common-wealth, and they rear an end of trouble would put an end to their glory and greatness.” - Walwyn, The Bloody Project, 1648, quoted in A. L. Morton, Freedom In Arms, p. 177. – How different would history have run if tolerance for all tolerant actions and communities had already been accepted then and all individual rights and liberties had been declared, recognized and realized? – JZ, 27.8.08. - VESTED INTEREST OF SOME IN VS. VESTED INTEREST OF THE PEOPLE IN PEACE, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, ENGLISH CIVIL WAR

WAR & PEACE AIMS: For what are the triumphs of war, planned by ambition, executed by violence, and consummated by devastation? The means are the sacrifice of many, the end, the bloated aggrandizement of the few.” – Charles Caleb Colton, Lacon, 1825, 2.283. – Just war aims, guaranteed by an armed population, would prevent most wars and could help to rapidly defeat most aggressors. – JZ, 21.11.85. – Unfortunately, there still does not exist any agreement or even a sufficient interest in just war and peace aims! - I have never seen that book in print. – How many of the best books are still kept out of print and also off the Internet and of CDs and DVDs? – JZ, 28.8.08. – VICTORIES, BOOKS, DIGITAL PUBLISHING, JUST WARS, RIGHTFUL DEFENCE EFFORTS, LIBERATION INSTEAD OF VICTORIES OR CONQUESTS, IMPERIALISM, MILITIA, TERRITORIALISM

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Good will wins over unkindness like water over fire. But today one uses goodness as if with a beaker full of water one could extinguish the fire in a wagon full of kindling and when, thereupon the flames are not extinguished, then one argues that water cannot extinguish flames. Thereby unkindness is extremely furthered and finally goodness is extinguished.” – Mong Dsi, Buch 6, A, 18. – JZ tr. of: “ Guete siegt ueber Unguete, wie Wasser ueber Feuer siegt. Aber heutzutage uebt man die Guete so, als wolle man mit einem Becher Wasser einen brennenden Wagen voll Reisig loeschen, und wenn die Flammen nicht erloeschen, dann sagen, dass Wasser Feuer nicht loeschen koenne. Dadurch wird gerade die Unguete aufs aeusserste gefoerdert, und das Ende ist, dass die Guete zugrunde geht.“

WAR & PEACE AIMS: He that is taken and put into prison or chains is not conquered, though overcome; for he is still an enemy.” – Thomas Hobbes, “A Review and Conclusion.” “Leviathan”, 1651. - Even secret friends and allies were all too often treated in this way, as if they were aggressors and victimizers instead of victims. - Without quite rightful aims, methods and weapons, the results of false ideas and actions and their consequences, events and situations that are not sufficiently understood, do overpower and victimize innocent people and induce even democracies to commit atrocities that wrongfully and unnecessarily prolong wars, while also turning them into total and much more bloody and destructive ones. Is it really so difficult to provide a quite just, rational and liberating alternative to any totalitarian or despotic regime, one that would be quite obvious to the victims of such regimes? - JZ, 9.4.11. - ENEMIES, DESERTION, LIBERATION WAR, POWs, INTERNMENT& REFUGEE CAMPS, VICTORY, DEFEAT, OCCUPATION, WORLD WAR II

WAR & PEACE AIMS: If e.g. New Zealand and Australia were involved in a war and you had nothing worse to fear than being either ruled by the New Zealand or by the Australian government – how many dollars would it take, if any, to induce you to change sides, with a good conscience, or simply to surrender, or to let yourself be taken prisoner, without resistance, and this in quite good conscience, feeling in no way a traitor to your country and its people, but rather as a thoughtful man, with initiative, contributing to ending a wrongful and absurd war between these two governments? This case demonstrates how important just war aims are and also disobedience against governments that have no respect for them. In this assumed case a separate peace negotiated and concluded between the diverse peoples of New Zealand and those of Australia, over the heads of their governments, would, quite obviously, be the right thing to do, as fast as possible. Moreover, those government officials, who would have started such a war should be arrested and put on trial as war criminals. Who but them would not agree to that? The same would apply if in both countries a dictatorship existed and these regimes tried to get their victims to fight each other. – JZ, 27.8.08. - DESERTION, Q., DISOBEDIENCE, MILITARY INSURRECTION, REVOLUTION, PEACE NEGOTIATIONS BY & SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES BETWEEN THE PEOPLES, THE SUBJECTS RATHER THAN THEIR RULERS. DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY

WAR & PEACE AIMS: If we are just to them, we shall receive their support.” – Gandhi, refusing to call the British enemies. – Regarding the British he was, largely, right. But if he had applied the same policy towards totalitarians, and private terrorists, would they not have become, even more so, his bitter and very violent and murderous enemies? – The complete equivalent to Dale Carnegie’s famous work: “How to Win Friends and Influence People”, for the purposes of defending individual human rights against aggressors, using suitable liberating and revolutionary techniques, may still have to be written. – My two peace books on do only indicate some of the steps in this direction. - JZ, 27.8.08.

WAR & PEACE AIMS: If you haven’t quite just, clear and early enough as well as sufficiently published war and peace aims, then you can never quite “win” a war, unless it is one of total extermination and destruction. And that, too, will have undesirable repercussions for an as aggressive and mass murderous government. – JZ, 9.1.03, 26.10.07. – WAR & PEACE AIMS, QUITE RIGHTFUL ONES

WAR & PEACE AIMS: In a just defensive or liberation war the own relevant truths, quite just war and peace or liberation aims, quite trustworthily declared and published in time, can come to count for much more than the lies and the nominal military strength of the other side, those of the dictatorship, and the usual ones of the own territorial government. – JZ, 12.9.03, 31.10.07, 9.4.11. - QUITE JUST ONES, DESERTION, DEFENCE, LIBERATION, TRUTHS VS. LIES

WAR & PEACE AIMS: In a speech earlier today President Bush said if Iraq gets rid of Saddam Hussein, he will help the Iraqi people with food, medicine, supplies, housing, education – anything that's needed. Isn't that amazing? He finally comes up with a domestic agenda – and it's for Iraq. Maybe we could bring that here if it works out.” - Jay Leno, 2003. - A republican president comes up with nothing better than State Socialism or a complete Welfare State - or charity as a war aim. If that is his real aim, then it is no wonder that so many Iraqis resist this aim. He did also and quite wrongly assume that the population of Iraq consists of a uniform people, instead of numerous factions, often very antagonistic to each other, as long as all of them are forced together into the same territorial cage even if it should become a "democratic" or "republican" one. - JZ, 26.3.04, 9.4.11.

WAR & PEACE AIMS: In a war without clearly defined objectives the commitment of men and resources can be escalated with no way of knowing what is being achieved.” - Dr. Laurence J. Peter, The Peter Prescription, p.141. - JUST & WELL-PUBLISHED WAR AIMS

WAR & PEACE AIMS: In all undertakings, which may occasion war or bloodshed, men have great need to be sure that their cause be right, both in respect to themselves and others: for if they kill men themselves, or cause others to kill, without a just cause, and upon the extreamest necessity, they not only disturbe the peace of men, and families, and bring misery and poverty upon a Nation, but are indeed absolute murtherers. – Walwyn, The Bloody Project, 1648, quoted in A. L. Morton, Freedom In Arms, p. 165. – Perhaps, for automatic searches, the texts should also be published in modern spelling? – JZ, 22.4.09.

WAR & PEACE AIMS: in the past 37 years on Earth there were wars continuously: More than 150 armed conflicts and wars occurred, in which about 125 million people lost their lives.” – Hermes Handlexikon, Die Friedensbewegung, Organisierter Pazifismus in Deutschland, Oesterreich und in der Schweiz, Herausgegeben von Helmut Donat und Karl Holl, Econ Taschenbuchverlag, 1983, p.11 – Add to those the deaths of military conflicts since then to get a proper view of the “peacefulness” of the world since WW II. – JZ, 12.4.05. – Did any of these conflicts have quite rightful war and peace aims? I do not know of any. Do you? - JZ, 9.4.11. - WAR & PEACE AIMS, QUITE RIGHTFUL ONES

WAR & PEACE AIMS: It is not the object of war to annihilate those who have given provocation for it, but to cause them to mend their ways; not to ruin the innocent and guilty alike, but to save both.” – Polybius, Histories, V. – Another version: It is not the purpose of war to destroy those who have provoked it, but to cause them to mend their ways.” – Polybius, quoted in C. Bingham, Men & Affairs, p. 351.(*) - Is that advice more helpful than “Make Love Not War!”? – Save both? I hold that eliminating these provocateurs, “leaders” and “great men”, often mere war criminals and dictators, would go a long way towards keeping or re-establishing the peace. Instead, wars are mostly conducted against their subjects. - JZ, n.d. & 9.4.11. - (*) Easier said than done. When, as happened towards the end of WW I, one of the German high ranking officers finally demanded and got a balance sheet for daily new recruits and daily losses of soldiers at the front, he got the figures: About 2000 new recruits daily and daily losses averaging 8000. Then he insisted that the government make immediately a peace offer, for the war would obviously be lost already. But these figures were largely kept secret – and also out of the history books, so that Nazi myth treason (“Dolchstoss-Legende” – The legend of the “stab in the back”!) about the ending of this war could come to dominate public opinion. - Anyhow, in such a situation it is obviously justified to eliminate any official who would prolong the war - even if merely for another day. – I do not know who insisted on this kind of balance sheet. Was it Ludendorf or Helferich or someone else? – This case was mentioned, somewhere, many years ago, in the correspondence or discussions of Ulrich von Beckerath. - JZ, 27.8.08. - WAR CRIMINALS, TYRANNICIDE.

WAR & PEACE AIMS: It is the cause that breaks or uplifts the strength in a soldiers; unless the underlying cause is just, shame dashes his arms from his hand.” – Blake, quoted in: - Bruce L. Richmond, The Pattern of Freedom, Ljus English Library, vol.12, Stockholm, 1943, p.155. – If only that were always so! All too much heroism is displayed for quite wrongful war aims and quite rightful war aims are still not an attractive topic for most people of today. – JZ, 28.9.07. - QUITE RIGHTFUL ONES, PUBLISHED IN TIME, IN A TRUSTWORTHY WAY, WARRIORS, OBEDIENCE, MORALE OF SOLDIERS, DISOBEDIENCE, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS,

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Just war and peace aims, sufficiently and early enough publicized, should and could be our most important and defensive, war-preventing or liberating "weapons". - JZ, 19.8.00. - They could turn enemy soldiers, officers, officials and civilians into friends, allies or at least neutrals and could reduce wars to mere rightful police actions against a few war criminals. - JZ, 1.2.02. Naturally, they must be believably declared and published in time, by the peoples involved, including the soldiers and officers, not just by territorial governments, which are all known to be dishonest and untrustworthy in all too many ways, as mere politicians and diplomats. - JZ, 9.4.11. - & PEACE AIMS, QUITE RIGHTFUL ONES, DEFENCE, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW OPTIONS, WEAPONS, DESERTION, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, LIBERATION WARS, REVOLUTIONARY WARFARE, MILITIA, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Lawful authority being sometimes mistaken, and many times so perverted and corrupted, as to command the killing and imprisoning men for doing that which is just and commendable, and for opposing what is unjust and destructive. Therefore as you are to forbear till you see the supream Authority distinctly and rationally stated; so also you are not to engage till the Cause be expressly declared, lest after your next engagement you are as far to seek of a just cause as now you are; and after you have prevailed, in stead of finding your selves and your associates freemen, you find your selves more enslaved then you were formerly.” - Walwyn, The Bloody Project, 1648, - quoted in A. L. Morton, Freedom In Arms, p. 174. – I do not know of any other writings, war or book in which this aspect was so clearly and repeatedly stated, as it was here and in other quoted passages by Walwyn, so long ago, in his contemporary English. – JZ, 27.8.08.

WAR & PEACE AIMS: let your Cause be declared, and just also, and let it be for the good of the whole Nation, without which you will not only hazard being Slaves, but also contract upon yourselves, and Posterities the guilt of Murtherers. vale” - Walwyn, The Bloody Project, 1648, Finis.

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Neither side has, as a rule, rightful and sensible war aims. And for THAT they are willing to slaughter millions of soldiers and civilians, women and children, the old and the sick, all of whom had no say on the beginning and the end and on the wrongful and senseless aims and methods of such slaughters. – JZ, 30.6.95, 9.4.11. – POLITICIANS, POWER ADDICTS, RULERS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, NATIONALISM

WAR & PEACE AIMS: nor will it ever be good for you to meddle abroad but upon evident cause, upon good grounds, that you may engage upon sound judgement and good conscience; and not as most of the world doth through ambition, covetousness, and revenge, the fomenters of most of the wars that ever were; and tho religion, freedom, peace and prosperity of the people, have been ever on the tongue, yea though accompanied with fastings and prayings, and long preachings, yet your experience cannot but tell you, ambition, covetousnesse, and revenge have ever been at the heart; and God is discovering (*) it to the whole world.” – The English Souldiers Standard, 1649 – (*) Now, if we believed in a God, we would rather say “revealing”. – Alas, such a being has, apparently, still not either not discovered or revealed quite just war aims to his “children” or believers – and I for one cannot find them in the Bible or other supposedly holy writings, either. – JZ, 27.8.08. – GOD, WARFARE

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Perhaps nothing could be more peace-promoting than the formulation, declaration and sufficient publication of quite just war and peace aims – and this in a timely and quite trustworthy form, by the citizens themselves and over the heads of their rulers. – JZ, 28.12.93. – That such declarations are not just mere words but that they can be trusted should be demonstrated by allowing the practice of these war and peace aims already on the side of the population which makes this declaration, by, e.g. permitting and promoting there all kinds of governments in exile and minority groups to set themselves up as exterritorially autonomous communities for their own volunteers, under their own personal law. To use an analogy: You cannot charge any nation or government to be state socialistic and correspondingly monopolistic and tyrannical when it has, like the USA, ten to twenty million private enterprises - provided only that these are not subjected to compulsory regulations, taxes, monetary despotism, trade unionism, protectionism and other wrongful and anti-economic interventions and when, furthermore, decision-making on war and peace, armament and disarmament and international treaties rests with the free peoples, in their various voluntary communities, rather than with a central territorial government, imposed upon all dissenters. – JZ, 21.8.08. - PANARCHISM, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE, MILITIA, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Rightful war aims for defensive, liberating and revolutionary warfare, to establish peace, justice and freedom are almost obvious: No conquests, annexations and taxation. No imposition of the own constitution, laws or jurisdiction and administration. Just the defeat of a wrongful and aggressive territorial government, holding its leaders responsible for their oppressive and aggressive actions. A separate peace treaty with all their victims. The only expropriations that should take place are those of defeated and exploitative rulers and their henchmen to the advantage of their internal and external victims and this only after fair trials. As for the choice of new constitutions, laws and jurisdictions for the liberated population in the countries of the defeated despotic and aggressive regime, this should be left to the various choices of all the communities of dissenters, all of them freed to secede from the old territorial regime and free to establish their own systems of whatever kind – but all only for their own volunteers, i.e., without any territorial monopoly. On that basis the remaining supporters of the old regime, those not found guilty of having themselves offended against basic human rights and liberties, should be free to continue their old governmental system also, for their volunteers but no longer with any territorial powers over the dissenters, who had opted out from under them or will do so in the future. On that basis a separate peace treaty should be concluded with them as well. Such rightful war and peace aims do naturally preclude the use of or the threat of the use of ABC mass murder devices against whole populations, cities, districts or countries. To be sufficiently trustworthy, the defending and victorious governments and societies should be likewise organized on a voluntary and exterritorial autonomy basis. Otherwise this modern equivalent to the slogan of the French Revolution: War to the palaces, peace to the cottages, could be as little trusted as it could during its wars and the subsequent imperialistic period and the following, all still continuing the wrongs of territorial rule over dissenters, instead of confining e.g. monarchism to monarchists and republicanism to republicans. Targets for mass murder devices must become dissolved by free individual actions and choices, by free associationism, freedom of contract and experimentation under personal law systems, all only for their volunteers. – Such rightful war and peace aims can be unilaterally declared, and this in a quite trustworthy and well-published way and must be strictly abided by. Then a war might even be altogether avoided. – The oppressive and aggressive regime might then no longer by obeyed by most of its soldiers, officers, policemen and other officials but become dissolved into societies and communities of volunteers only, all doing only their own things for and to themselves. - JZ, 23.3.09, 12.5.14. - PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES, LIBERATION RATHER THAN CONQUESTS & OCCUPATION

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Shoot or be shot.” That seems to be the immediate and main “war aim” or horizon for most soldiers and officers, once they are more or less forcefully placed in the front lines by their governments and expected to fight the conscripts on the other side. – JZ, 16.8.06, 26.10.07. – If they had pondered this dilemma, sufficiently, in advance, then they would often come to negotiate with the soldiers and officers on the other side, fraternize with them and declare their own and quite rightful war and peace aims and keep their weapons and organizations to enforce these aims against both their territorial governments. – It is high time to determine what these quite rightful war and peace aims should be. When that is done already in peace time, then, when their governments declare war, as long as they are still allowed to do so, the soldiers on both sides should know what to do, together, against such governments. - JZ, 26.10.07. - DISOBEDIENCE, MASS FRATERNIZATION WITH THE SOLDIERS ON THE OTHER SIDE, WHO, ACCORDING TO THE GOVERNMENTS, ARE THEIR ENEMIES & ORDERS THEM TO FIGHT. MILITARY INSURRECTIONS AGAINST WARLIKE GOVERNMENTS, DISOBEDIENCE, DESERTION, TYRANNICIDE, SOLDIERS & OFFICERS OVERTHROWING AGGRESSIVE GOVERNMENTS, MUTINIES IN QUITE RIGHTFUL CAUSES

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Sun Tzu teaches us that “Hence to fight and conquer in all your battles is not supreme excellence, supreme excellence consists in breaking the enemy’s resistance without fighting.” - Michael Z. Williamson, Freehold, p.335. - RIGHTFUL ONES, WAR, ENEMIES, FIGHTING, VICTORY, DEFENCE, PRISONERS OF WAR TREATMENT, LIBERATION, DESERTION, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Territorial “free elections” and majority-democratic territorial regimes are not attractive enough war and peace aims for all kinds of people, especially not those not yet accustomed to such a system for decades. It is not even very attractive one for those who were under it already for many decades, as is indicated by the low participation rate, unless voting is made compulsory and that kind of compulsion is another wrongful absurdity. - "Free elections" is rather a misnomer when through them almost no one gets only what he wants for himself and this at his own expense. Instead, he is subjected to the votes of millions of others and to the decisions made by the “representatives” of these others. - Quite rightful war and peace aims could and should be so attractive that they would reduce military resistance against them almost to zero, i.e. win over not only the civilian victims but also most of the soldiers of a dictatorship, whether they are conscripts or conventional patriots. – JZ, 23.4.04, 26.10.07. – One such war aim: To each the government or non-governmental society of his or her choice! This implies also voluntary taxation. It would also make the realization of full monetary and financial freedom possible, with their rightful and positive results. – JZ, n.d. - QUITE RIGHTFUL ONES, TERRITORIAL DEMOCRACY, VOTING, TERRITORIALLY IMPOSED RATHER THAN INDIVIDUALLY CHOSEN LAWS & COMMUNITIES, FREE ELECTIONS, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

WAR & PEACE AIMS: The greatest soldiering, heroism, military discipline, generalship, morale, manpower and the most powerful weapons are not a sufficient substitute for quite rightful war and peace aims and warfare methods, including revolutionary warfare, genuine liberation wars, including an alliance with refugees and deserters and with discontent military forces of the enemy regime against that regime. Even now POW’s that were conscripted by a dictatorial regime are, usually and indiscriminately regarded and treated as enemies rather than as liberated people, allies or at least neutral guests. The forces of the enemy regime are not systematically mobilized against it, by better ideas, systems and institutions than their regime can offer them. The centrifugal forces existing in any territorial dictatorship are not utilized against it, e.g. via as many governments and societies in exile as are necessary to represent all suppressed minorities and to offer them immediately or a.s.a.p. full exterritorial autonomy for all their volunteers. The military academies do not study and teach such alternative warfare and liberation methods. They leave war aims to politicians who, as territorialists and power mongers, have nothing to offer that is sufficiently better, or, at most, a majoritarian democracy that is not very attractive to any population split into many very antagonistic faction and almost constantly involved in a civil war against each other. – JZ, 26.3.04, 26.10.07, 9.4.11. - QUITE RIGHTFUL ONES, PRISONERS OF WAR & DESERTERS, JUST TREATMENT FOR THEM: GIVING THEM THEIR FREEDOM, UNLESS THEY ARE WAR CRIMINALS, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR ALL MINORITIES & FOR THE REMAINING MAJORITY.

WAR & PEACE AIMS: The key is communication. As soon as nations stop communicating with one another, individuals have no basis for developing world moral standards.” – Anita Weiner, in a review, No. 8797, in PEACE RESEARCH ABSTRACTS JOURNAL. – Negotiations between diplomats and political leaders and their peace conferences and summit conferences are simply more power games, continuing all the problems of territorial warfare States. – JZ, 27.8.08. - So far there exists no freedom between the diverse peoples on both sides of any territorial frontier to negotiate and conclude treaties with each other. Such actions are presently reserved to the territorial power mongers, with results to be expected from such people. The communications and treaties between exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers would be very different from those between territorial governments. - They would concede to each other their right to subscribe to different moral standards for their own affairs, among their own volunteers. - JZ, 9.4.11. - COMMUNICATION, PEOPLES, PEACE CONFERENCES, SUMMIT, PANARCHIES, CONFERENCES, LEADERSHIP, POLITICIANS, DIPLOMATS, NEGOTIATIONS, TREATIES, NATIONS, SOCIETIES, COMMUNITIES, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW OPTIONS. POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE

WAR & PEACE AIMS: The more just the war and peace aims are and the more widely and clearly they are publicized, already long before a war would break out, the less soldiers and fighting would be needed. When these aims are quite just on our side then even the enemy regime’s soldiers and officers would rather fight that regime than us, to achieve these aims, i.e., they would also fight for us, as our secret allies and against “their own” regime. In practice, they should then fight for the complete exterritorial autonomy of all their self-chosen panarchies or polyarchies. – JZ, 19.8.04. How many people can resist really good bargains, which they can afford? – JZ, 22.4.09. - Especially when their very survival and their liberty and rights may depend upon them? - JZ, 9.4.11. - QUITE JUST AIMS, Q.

WAR & PEACE AIMS: The object in war, “wrote Liddell Hart, „is a better state of peace – even if only from your point of view. Hence it is essential to conduct war with constant regard to the peace you desire.” – Shimon Tzabar, The White Flag Principle, p.5. – Probably quoting: B. H. Liddell Hart, Strategy: The Indirect Approach, Faber & Faber, London, 1967 ed.

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Therefore, if ye are either men or Christians, hold you hands till you know what you fight for, and be sure that you have the truth of Freedom in it, or never meddle, but desist, and let who will both fight and pay.” - Walwyn, The Bloody Project, 1648, quoted in A. L. Morton, Freedom In Arms, p. 175.

WAR & PEACE AIMS: They make a desert and call it peace.” – Tacitus, Agricola, 30. – (“Ubi solitudinem faciunt, pacem appelant.”) – Quoted in Seldes. – TOTAL WAR, SCORCHED EARTH POLICY, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, INDISCRIMINATE BOMBING, UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER DEMAND, MISTREATMENT OF POW’S

WAR & PEACE AIMS: They say it is a terrible war, parley-voo // They say it is a terrible war, // But what the hell are we fighting it for? // Hinkey Dinnkey, parley voo! – Anon. British soldiers’ song, 1914-18.

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Thrice is he armed that hath his quarrel just.” – Shakespeare, Henry VI, part 2, act III, sc.2. – A man fighting in a just cause fights with courage and determination, and may be said, poetically, to be three times armed. – But many soldiers may also fight bravely for an unjust cause and be victorious. (*) – Voltaire wrote: “It is said that God is on the side of the big battalions, i.e. God helps the stronger army.” (**) - A witty person added a line to the quotation, saying: “Thrice is he armed that hath his quarrel just, but four times he that gets his blow in fust (first) i.e. that strikes the first blow.” - A. Johnson, “Common English Quotations”, Longmans, London, 1963. -  (*) Thus the propaganda of quite rightful war and peace aims must begin long before it would come to a war – in order to prevent it, if possible, or to make military disobedience and a military insurrection more likely. - (**) But what if the army consists only consists only of volunteers sworn-in to fight for nothing but genuine individual rights and to resist and overthrow any government that tries to abuse them for any unjust war? – JZ, 24.9.08. - In WW I Czarist Russia got its blow in first in the East and it lost. In the West Germany got its blow in first - and it lost. No side had exclusively rightful war aims. - In WW II, the Nazi regime got its blow in first in Poland, and it lost, too, in the long run. But so did Poland, which was not liberated from totalitarianism for decades. - Only the mass murderous techniques of modern warfare are highly developed, not its ethics. - Thus only senseless huge slaughters and destruction are "achieved" on all sides. - And the fighting arenas, territorial States, remain wrongfully and coercively preserved, ready for the next war and the big and final one, which might extinguish mankind. - JZ, 9.4.11.

WAR & PEACE AIMS: To act unkindly toward an enemy will increase his hate.” – Antonius – I am not so sure that kindness will work towards, fundamentalists, terrorists, fanatics and totalitarians. – However, we should grant them the just opportunities of panarchies for their own remaining voluntary victims. - Justice, individual rights and liberties, to the extent that people do already appreciate them, rather than mere kindness, charity, territorial democracy and Welfare Statism! - To each the self-chosen system. Experimental freedom for all. - JZ, 28.8.08, 9.4.11.

WAR & PEACE AIMS: War aims should be so attractive to both sides, that both sides would rather realize them than fight. – Territorialist politicians and power addicts cannot even imagine such war aims – but genuine peace lovers should and could. - JZ, 27.8.08.

WAR & PEACE AIMS: War is a ritual, and defeat is destruction of the warrior's will to fight.” - Lawrence A. Perkins, Soldier's Home, ANALOG, 12/73, p.138. - Given rightful war-aims on both sides, the will to fight could be destroyed, most effectively, on both sides. - JZ, 17.8.02. – WAR & PEACE AIMS, QUITE RIGHTFUL ONES, VS. AGGRESSIVENESS & WRONGFUL “DEFENCE” PREPARATIONS, E.G. WITH NUCLEAR “WEAPONS”

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Western diplomacy was already imprisoned, in its dealings with the enemy, within the strait-jacket of the unconditional surrender slogan …” – Constantine Fitz Gibbon, The Shirt of Nessus, p.54. – There should have been two different war- and peace-aims, backed up by a variety of German governments in exile, all meant only for volunteers and limited to exterritorial autonomy: 1.) Unconditional surrender for the Nazi regime and its criminal followers and 2.) A just separate peace and self-government offer to the German people, in all their varieties, considered and treated as secret allies against the Nazi’s tyranny. – Instead, the German cities were indiscriminately bombed while the Nazi leaders and generals were left untouched until the war was over. Could anything else have been more wrong, stupid and costly for the Allies? – JZ, 24.9.08. - UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER DEMANDS, AIR RAIDS, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, WAR CRIMINALS, SEPARATE PEACE TREATY OFFERS, WORLD WAR II, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY OF SUBJECTS FOR THE CRIMES OF THEIR RULERS? CHURCHILL BELIEVED IN THAT, DESPITE HIS HISTORICAL STUDIES & SO DID HENRY MEULEN, DESPITE HIS INDIVIDUALIST ANARCHISM

WAR & PEACE AIMS: What could make a military intervention, invasion or liberation effort quite rightful? Isn’t it about time to sufficiently ponder that question and decide upon it? – JZ, 26.3.04, 26.11.07, 9.4.11. - & PEACE AIMS, QUITE RIGHTFUL ONES, Q., AGGRESSION, DEFENCE, INTERVENTIONISM, Q.

WAR & PEACE AIMS: When we, the Workers, all demand: // What are we fighting for? ...  // Then, we’ll end that stupid curse, (crime – in another version! – JZ) // That Devil’s madness – War.” – Robert William Service, 1874-1958, Michael. – In Robin Hyman, A Dictionary of Famous Quotations, p. 297.

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Winston Churchill, taking his office as prime minister and minister of defence, offered blood, toil, tears and sweat. What was his policy going to be? Very simple: war – war against a monstrous tyranny, never surpassed in the dark, lamentable catalogue of human crime.” What was the aim of waging the war? To win. The House gave him an ovation. Catching the eye of an aide as he walked out, Churchill said: “That got the sods, didn’t it?” - Nicholson Baker, Human Smoke, the Beginnings of World War II, the End of Civilization, Simon & Schuster, 2008, p.176. – While German opponents of the Nazi regime made at least 43 tyrannicide attempt against its tyrannical leader, Adolf Hitler, I never heard or read of a single attempt by the Allies to get rid of that beast. Do you know of one? – But I read about a British officer, living or working in some diplomatic office near the German chancellery, who, just before the war, noticed that he had a very good chance to shoot and kill Hitler. But he made the mistake of asking his superiors for permission – and was turned down. What would have happened, if he had disobeyed and gone ahead, nevertheless? The advice on this subject, of a former Chancellor of England, Sir Thomas Moore, in his “Utopia”, chapter “On War”, was either forgotten or ignored, too. – JZ, 14.9.08. – Upon such “smart alec” remarks air raid policies were instituted that murdered millions of German civilians and thus prolonged rather than shortened the war by increasing the fighting spirit of German soldiers, now really believing that they were fighting for house and home, for their wives, children and sweethearts. Otherwise they might have risen against Hitler and went home. There was no widespread enthusiasm for this war on the German side. On the contrary. – JZ, 21.4.09, 9.4.11. - WAR & PEACE AIMS, QUITE RIGHTFUL ONES, UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER DEMANDS, VICTORY

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Without just war and peace aims, publicly and trustworthily declared in time, and also firmly adhered to, no sound and lasting peace! – JZ, 16.1.94. – Without them no war is quite justified at least on one side. If all sides had only quite rightful war aims then a peace treaty between all sides would not only be possible but also quite likely. But I cannot find an example for this in all of history or simply do not know about it. I am even unaware of quite rightful war and peace aims on one side only. The preservation of a territorial monopoly is not a rightful war and peace aim. – JZ, 2.7.13. - PEACE

WAR & PEACE AIMS: Without quite rightful war and peace aims, the soldiers and generals, with conventional military methods, do not aim at and hit only quite rightful targets, the real enemy, the leaders of a despotic and aggressive regime, instead of merely his conscripted soldiers and forced labor civilians. Then they tend to kill even more civilians than soldiers and, mostly, leave the real villains, the war criminals, the powerful decision makers and aggressors, who prepared for and decided upon an aggressive war, quite untouched. They also destroy all kinds of civilian superstructures, even housing, rather than concentrating exclusively on high priority military targets. In Germany, as Ulrich von Beckerath pointed out, these would have been especially furnaces and ball bearing factories. – JZ, 26.3.04, 26.10.07. - QUITE RIGHTFUL ONES, AIR RAIDS, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, TYRANNICIDE

WAR & PEACE AIMS: you must note that you are a free people, and are not to be pressed or enforced to serve in Wars like horses and bruit beasts, but are to use the understanding God hath given you, in judging of the Cause, for defence whereof they desire you to fight, for it is not sufficient to fight by lawful authority, but you must be sure to fight for what is just!” - Walwyn, The Bloody Project, 1648, quoted in A. L. Morton, Freedom In Arms, p. 174.

WAR & PEACE: That is the ancient fallacy of "Si vis pace, para bellum!" (If you want peace, prepare for war!) The truth lies much nearer to: If you want peace, prepare for peace! That requires rethinking and reorganization on many levels. I tried to deal with them, somewhat systematically, in my first peace book: - Later I assembled about 500 points on the subject alphabetically, in my 2nd. One, online at: - If you do have anything really critical or supplementary to say to these texts, of if you know of better ones, please do contact me: - JZ, 2.8.11, on Facebook. - PREPARE FOR WAR OR PREPARE FOR PEACE?

WAR & PEACE: The ever increasing numbers of men of property – lovers of peace, the growth of personal wealth which war so rapidly consumes, the mildness of manners, the gentleness of heart, those tendencies to pity which are engendered by the equality of conditions, that coolness of understanding which renders men comparatively insensible to the violent and poetical excitement of arms – all these causes concur to quench the military spirit. I think it may be admitted as a general and constant rule that among civilized nations the warlike passions will become more rare and less intense in proportion as social conditions shall be more equal. War is, nevertheless, an occurrence to which all nations are subject, democratic nations as well as others. Whatever taste they may have for peace, they must hold themselves in readiness to repel aggression. – Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, transl. Henry Reeve, Cambridge, Sever & Francis, 1863, chapter ON WAR, SOCIETY, AND THE MILITARY. – That is true only as long as they are organized territorially, as Warfare States. As such they have to fear each other and are a threat to the own population and that of other countries. – JZ, 28,12.12, 24.2.13. -  PROSPERITY, PROPERTY, TERRITORIALISM, MILITARISM, WARLIKE SPIRIT, STATISM, AGGRESSIVENESS, POWER ADDICTION & POWER MADNESS AMONG RULERS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

WAR & STATE SOCIALISM: War has all the characteristics of socialism most conservatives hate: Centralized power, state planning, false rationalism, restricted liberties, foolish optimism about intended results, and blindness to unintended secondary results. – Joseph Sobran (1991)

WAR & STATE: Only when the State is at war does the modern society function with that unity of sentiment, simple and uncritical patriotic devotion, cooperation of services, which have been the ideal of the State lover. - Randolph Bourne - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. – He, too, didn’t sufficiently distinguish between the territorial State, territorial nationalism, statism and the general society, diverse societies, communities and movements, compulsory collective sovereignty and individual sovereignty and secessionism, compulsion and voluntarism. – JZ, 12.5.14.

WAR & TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS: In all history there is no war, which was not hatched by the governments, the governments alone, independent of the interests of the people, to whom war is always pernicious even when successful. – Leo Tolstoy – Even on this there are still all too many conflicting hypotheses, still insufficiently widely refuted and recognized as such. – JZ, 6.4.12. – STATISM, “CAPITALISM”, CONSPIRACY HYPOTHESES, “BOURGOISIE”, HYPOTHESES ON THE CAUSE OF WARS

WAR & TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS: The tragedy of modern war is that the young men die fighting each other - instead of their real enemies back home in the capital. – Edward Abbey, quoted by Nizam Ahmad shared Indian Libertarians's photo. - OR WARFARE STATES, REAL ENEMIES, SECRET ALLIES

WAR & TERRITORIALISM: If ONLY our Government came to war with the government of Iran - then the peaceful peoples on both side could be watching them slaughter each other and might say to each other: Good riddance. Even Ron Paul is not always careful enough with his language. Alas, the tolerated practice for territorial governments is still that they use their peoples as property to slaughter the people of the other government, while the governments remain, MOSTLY, untouchable. In other words, the victimized peoples are made to fight each other in the interests of their victimizers. Some still call this patriotism or nationalism. – JZ on Facebook, Oct. 12, comment to Lisa Leeds – Rev., 18.1.13. – In other words: Wars are still conducted like chess games, with the pawns having no power or say in the matter. – JZ, 12.5.14. - GOVERNMENTS USING & WASTING “THEIR” PEOPLES AS THEIR PROPERTY OR PAWNS IN A MILITARY “CHESS GAME”

WAR & TRUTHS: When war is declared, Truth is the first casualty. - Arthur Ponsonby - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. – Most of the untruths involved were started long before and are still believed in by most peace-lovers, e.g. territorialism, nationalism, hierarchies, certain monopolies and statism. – JZ, 26.3.12, 12.5.14. – WARFARE STATES

WAR AGAINGST CIVILIANS? Two-thirds of those killed in World War II were civilians. Only Americans seem not to grasp what this means." - Joseph Sobran – quoted by Maria Sabine Paulina – Facebook, 12.4.14.

WAR AGAINST DRUGS: If you want to get serious, if you want to reduce crime by 70 % in this country overnight, end this War on Drugs. You want to get serious, seriously serious about crime and violence, end this War on Drugs. ... this War on Drugs is an abject failure." - San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom, Oct. 4, 2007 - - GET SERIOUS, CRIME, INCREASING NUMBER OF ADDICTS, CRIME, DRUG LAWS

WAR AGAINST DRUGS: So I asked him which part of the reality of ending drug prohibition is it that worries him - is it the end of the drive-by shootings, the end of the gang warfare, or will he miss having schoolchildren terrorized out on the playground?” - Jo Jorgensen, 1996 Libertarian candidate for Vice-President of the US, in a radio interview. - DRUGS, PROHIBITION

WAR AGAINST TERRORISM: If you can’t or won’t capture or execute the terrorists in or out of office, then you can always resort to bombing their subjects or other innocent victims as if these people were merely the property of the terrorists in a war against terrorists. – The war against terrorists can only be won with much better ideas and actions than the terrorists have to offer. Ideas, actions, systems and organizations that would liberate all the diverse groups, communities, societies and ideologies in a country, that are now territorially “unified” and subordinated, all too much against the will of large parts of their populations. All of them should be conceded full self-governance of their own free choice under personal law. Then most motives for terrorist actions would tend to disappear. The rest could be, largely, abolished via the introduction of full monetary and financial freedom among volunteers, and their experiments and sufficient enlightenment on 1.) individual vs. collective responsibility, 2.) full religious freedom and tolerance and 3.) all other genuine rights and liberties, including, naturally, full monetary and financial freedom and the right to secede and join or form panarchies and ideal volunteer militias for the protection of individual rights and liberties. – This kind of anti-terrorism program would obviate the need for foreign military invasion forces. - JZ, 23.10.07, 9.4.11, 12.5.14. - AIR RAIDS? TERRORISM, BOMBING CAMPAIGNS, PANARCHISM, RIGHTFUL WAR & PEACE AIMS, MONETARY FREEDOM, MILITIA, INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS DECLARATION, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES, UNILATERAL NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, TYRANNICIDE, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, FULL MINORITY AUTONOMY VS. TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, WARFARE STAES, WELFARE STATES

WAR AIMS: If I’m the president, we will attack Iran … we would be able to totally obliterate them. – Hillary Rodham Clinton, quoted on Facebook, 6.4.12. – What can one expect after such a declaration of war aims, from the government of Iran and of its millions of people, largely its involuntary victims? – JZ, 6.4.12, 18.1.13. – Such potential and likely mass murderers are still in the running for the USA presidency and tolerated as such! – JZ, 12.5.14. - TOTAL WAR, AIR RAIDS, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, WAR AIMS, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY NOTIONS, POWER ADDICTION OF CANDIDATES

WAR COSTS: In World War I it cost $21,000 to kill each enemy soldier. In WW II the cost rose to $53,000. It is estimated that the cost in Korea was $75,000; in Vietnam, $ 100,000; due to inflation, probably $ 150,000 in any new war.” – Paul Mc Ilvaine, Hendersonville, N.C., in CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, 10.3.80. - During the 19th century the costs of killing a soldier in war were estimated to be around 100,000 gold marks. - Induced desertion would be a much cheaper alternative. A Mafia contract killing would also, mostly, be a much cheaper alternative. I met once a criminal hit-man, serving a life sentence, who admitted to me that he had killed, on contract, 9 other criminals – and this for as little as $ 400 each! His excuse was that only their mothers would have loved them! – Perhaps, instead of sending him to prison, for life, we should have appointed him as one of our generals? – In this sphere, too, the official professionals are not very efficient. – Not only that: 80 to 95 percent of those now killed in wars are not even soldiers but noncombatants, civilians! To achieve such “efficiency” we have military academies and years of training and a huge defence budget and, supposedly, directed or even intelligent missiles! - JZ, 20.8.08. – DESERTION, COSTS OF KILLING A SOLDIER, GOVERNMENT “DEFENCE”.

WAR CRIMES: How many men of any of the air forces did ever refuse to participate in indiscriminate air raids against civilian targets? – JZ, 5.10.88. – And how many rulers and commanders, who ordered such raids and of those, who obeyed such orders, were ever charged and prosecuted as war criminals? – JZ, 21.8.08. - INDISCRIMINATE AIR RAIDS, Q.

WAR CRIMINALS: The Nuremberg Trials condemned war criminals after the fact. The way to prevent war is to condemn them before the fact.” – Herbert Holdridge, a retired U.S. brigadier general, who in 1948 ran for President. – p.262. – Edmund Wilson, Apologies to the Iroquois, Vintage Books, A Division of Random House, New York, 1959/60.

WAR ECONOMY: War economy is a contradictio in adjecto. War is the negation of economy. It is destructive and wasteful, and it cannot be checked by economic considerations. …” – Gustav Stolper, This Age of Fable, p.95. - How many wars could still be financed and conducted without taxation, monetary despotism, public debt powers, conscription and forced labor? - Obviouslyly, all of these are negations of economy and they should be checked by economic considerations and the fundamental rights, liberties and institutions required to uphold these rights and liberties. - JZ, 9.4.11.

WAR GUILT: It has never been known throughout history for a victorious war power to admit to any responsibility for the precipitation of hostilities. – James J. Martin, Revisionist Viewpoints, p.130, Ralph Myles Publisher, Inc. Colorado Springs, 1971. – Never a “sorry!” in this sphere – from those, who should provide it! – JZ, 12.5.14. - & VICTORIOUS MONOPOLISTIC DECISION-MAKERS & POWERS, AGGRESSION & DEFENCE, WAR CRIMINALS

WAR MEMORIALS: Perhaps to all existing war memorials should be added a declaration of quite rightful war aims for future wars, which, alas, were usually missing in all past ones. Only then would most of the victims of past wars not have died quite in vain and serve as a reminder not to repeat such past wrongs and mistakes. The more that would lead to a public controversy and thorough discussion, the better. Digital argument mapping should also be undertaken for such debates and made permanently and digitally accessible to all interested in them. – Otherwise one can only ask: All these sacrifices – for what really? Did they know? Do we know? Were they risking their lives and limbs for really worthy aims, pursued by worthy methods? – JZ, 17.6.03, 22.10.07, 9.4.11. - WAR AIMS & METHODS

WAR MEMORIALS: Rather than war memorials to the dead of the past wars we need war memorials to the dead of future wars. They are the ones most frequently forgotten – and if they were thoughtfully remembered, in time, then their lives could be saved. – JZ, 6.1.77. – Suggested by a remark by D.Z.

WAR MEMORIALS: What for did so many soldiers and civilians really die? Please specify! - JZ, 20.4.90, commenting upon a war memorial seen in N.Y.C. – Q.

WAR MONGERS: The English language is without a word of equally strong opprobrium to designate acts that can lead to the destruction of one’s government (*) and one’s country, not by giving aid and comfort to the enemy, but by making enemies; not by fighting too little, but by fighting too much, or too long. “Adventurism” – much too weak a word – is perhaps the best term to describe this “treason of the hawks”. (The term “war crimes” does not have the same meaning. Charges of “war crimes” in past practice concerned either atrocities committed during combat or military occupation, or the guilt, as an offense against the attacked country, or initiating a war; they did not concern the guilt of initiating or prolonging a war seen as an offense against the own country.)” – F. C. Ikle, Every War Must End, 1971, p.61. - (*) No great loss, it may even be of benefit to a country and its population. Think of the many wrongful and even quite criminal governments! – JZ, n.d. - WAR CRIMINALS, ADVENTURISM, BRINKMANSHIP, NUCLEAR WAR GAMES, HAWKS, WARFARE, TREASON, ENEMIES, WAR AIMS, WAR PROLONGATION, UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER DEMANDS, MILITARISM, NWT, ARMS RACES, WARFARE STATES

WAR ON DRUGS: Every friend of freedom must be as revolted as I am by the prospect of turning the United States into an armed camp, by the vision of jails filled with casual drug users and of an army of enforcers empowered to invade the liberty of citizens on slight evidence.” – Milton Friedman. - DRUG PROHIBITION, DRUG WAR

WAR ON DRUGS: No drug, not even alcohol, causes the fundamental ills of society. If we’re looking for the sources of our troubles, we shouldn’t test people for drugs, we should test them for stupidity, ignorance, greed, and love of power.” – P. J. O’Rourke (1992) - If we were not territorially centralizing society or government but allowing all the diverse societies and voluntary and competing governments (all only exterritorially autonomous, with their personal constitutions, laws and jurisdiction applying only to their voluntary members, at their risk and expense), then the remaining addictions, stupidities, ignorance and prejudices would be greatly diminished in their effects and, gradually to rapidly reduced, because then each community of volunteers would have to pay its own bills and could not lay this burden upon others, via taxes. - JZ, 22.11.06. – While all too many individual rights and liberties are unknown or not recognized or appreciated then many people try to get their kicks not out of practicing these rights and liberties, which can be quite exiting and challenging, just think of starting a new business, or working on an invention or innovation, in a free market for them, but rather resort to xyz chemical poisons affecting their minds and bodies. – JZ, 12.5.14. - ALCOHOL, TOBACCO & OTHER DRUGS VS. STUPIDITY, IGNORANCE, PREJUDICES, POWER ADDICTION, VOTING ON THE AFFAIRS OF OTHERS, SINS, TERRITORIAL CENTRALIZATION, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, SELF-MANAGEMENT, BOREDOM OF THE SLAVES, SERFS & INMATES OF COUNTRY-WIDE PRISONS OR NATION STATES

WAR ON DRUGS: The so-called drug war has been with us for perhaps 75 years.  The "war" targets drug growers, sellers, buyers and users. Its chief weapon is the criminal law, vigorously enforced by vast numbers of state and federal agents, police and prosecutors. It has been a very successful war - gradually destroying our courts, our cities, our budgets, our morals, and other countries. It has failed in one respect only: it has had no inhibiting effect upon the traffic in drugs.  Indeed, that traffic, as a direct result of our criminal laws, has increased. It is time to consider some form of legalization." - Martin L. Haines, retired Judge and past president of the New Jersey Bar Association, in a 6/21/93 NJ Law Journal article titled "Drug War: America's War of Self-Deception." - PROHIBITIONS, DRUGS, LAWS ON DRUGS

WAR ON DRUGS: The War on Drugs is a price support system for terrorists and drug pushers. It turns ordinary, cheap plants like marijuana and poppies into fantastically lucrative black market products. Without the War on Drugs, the financial engine that fuels terrorist organizations would sputter to a halt.” – Ron Crickenberger, Libertarian Party Political Director 2/4/02 - & TERRORISM

WAR ON POVERTY: VISTA was part of the War on Poverty. (You remember the War on Poverty. Poverty won.) I wrote for an application, and after a mere 4 months, they sent me one. They decided that I was physically, mentally, and morally fit to serve in the War on Poverty (which may have been another mistake), and in June, 1966, I went off to Chicago to be trained as a warrior.” – Arthur Hlavaty, DIAGONAL RELATIONSHIP No. 7, p. 13.

WAR PROFITEERS: And those who profit by war, those who own the country, will not fight for it; that is, they are not patriotic if it is necessary for them to do the killing or to be killed in war. In all the wars of history there are very few instances of the rich meeting their death on the battlefield. – Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.28.

WAR PROFITEERS: Thomas Paine says in his Answer to Burke. The real and the permanent war profiteers are all the bureaucrats whose offices were invented to “win the war” and who remain with us to “lose the peace.” …War is the common harvest of all those who participate in the division and expenditure of public money in all countries.” - Sir Ernest Benn, Benn vs. Maxton, p. 143, quoting Paine. - BUREAUCRATS, PUBLIC SERVANTS, CIVIL SERVICE, STATISM, POWER, PROFIT, ARMS INDUSTRY, WAR CONTRACTS, WARFARE STATES, TERRITORIALISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, WAR CRIMINALS IN OFFICE, LEAERSHIP, STATISM

WAR PROPAGANDA: One of the most horrible features of war is that all the war-propaganda, all the screaming and hatred, comes invariably from people who are not fighting. – George Orwell, quoted on Facebook, 24.2.12.

WAR TO END ALL WARS? Must fight in this final battle, the war to end all wars. … How many times have those words been spoken? … Have they ever been true? - Harry Harrison, Starworld, Grafton Books edition, 1988, p.117. – With rightful war and peace aims they could become true. But such aims should never be expected from any territorial government. – JZ, 2.4.12.

WAR: 30 to 35 wars per year, 1992 even ca. 60 wars, since 1945. – Radio news, 8.1.93. – It was 1938 that Chamberlain managed to declare: “Peace in our time!” – And we had the UN since 1945, supposedly to prevent wars! - JZ, 20.8.08. - 30 civil wars raging in 1998. – Radio news. - UN

WAR: A “war to end all war’ must not only be ‘fought’ militarily but fought in a way, with motives, organizations, methods, weapons and aims that are suitable and would suffice to end if not all then at least most wars or reduce them to mere rightful and limited police actions against the real war criminals. – JZ, 18.4.89, 12.5.14. – WAR AIMS

WAR: A „peaceful war”. – Term used by D.Z., 10.5.75. – This is not an obvious contradiction for anyone who knows some of the precedents. - JZ, 30.7.78. – GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, SECRET ALLIES, DESERTION, RIGHTFUL WAR & PEACE AIMS, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS AGAINST TYRANTS, LIBERATION, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES WITH THE ARMIES OF DICTATORS

WAR: A continuation of policy by other means.” Karl von Clausewitz, On War, ed. Anatol Rapoport, Penguin, London, 1968. – Quoted in Shimon Tzabar: The White Flag Principle, p. 18. - A continuance of territorial politics! - JZ, 9.4.11. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, WARFARE STATES, POLITICS

WAR: a few men, fighting each other, do not make a war. A hundred, five hundred, ten thousand men, fighting each other, make at most a riot. Only a Government can make war.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p. 61. – Competing or voluntary, governance systems, societies and communities of volunteers, all only exterritorially autonomous, do not make wars, as a rule, but territorial governments do, all too often and for all too long. They are Warfare States, in most cases, with few exceptions, namely e.g. Switzerland, Sweden and the few miniature States. - JZ, 9.4.11. – STATISM, GOVERNMENT, WARFARE STATES, TERRITORIALISM, FIGHTS, RIOTS

WAR: A great war always creates more scoundrels than it kills. – UNKNOWN, - in  – Compare Kant’s quote from some Greek, page 34 in the German Reclam edition by Kehrbach: “Der Krieg is darin schlimm, dass er mehr boese Leute macht, als er deren wegnimmt.” – Prof. Karl J. Friedrich, in his The Philosophy of Kant, The Modern Library, pp. 450/51. I translated this with: “War is bad in that it begets more evil people than it kills.” – JZ, n.d.

WAR: A great war leaves a country with three armies – an army of cripples, an army of mourners, and an army of thieves.” – German proverb. - Madmen, power addicts and official thieves start and run it. – JZ, 5.7.86, 21.8.08. – WARFARE STATES, STATISM, TERRITORIALS, POWER ADDICTS, POLITICIANS

WAR: A highwayman is as much a robber when he plunders in a gang as when single; and a nation that makes an unjust war is only a great gang. - Benjamin Franklin - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. – As a rule it is not nations or peoples that do make war but, rather, their territorial governments. The two are not identical, in spite of many false pretences by politicians. – JZ, 25.3.12.

WAR: a long-dead Roman general named Vegetius. In the 4th Century A.D. that gentleman said: “Let him who desires peace, prepare for war.” Indeed, he lives on in the hearts of those who determine our military security policies. Aggressive preparation for war is the definition of “militarism”, and militarism, which sacrifices every other social value to military preparedness, is what we suffer from. … I’ll call al those who reject the militarist creed “peacemakers”, to distinguish them. Their creed was written by the late American sociologist C. Wright Mills in 1958 when he asserted that “the immediate cause of world War III is the military preparation of it.” … All that military preparedness has accomplished is to create the necessary conditions for a war that will break out when a sufficient condition arises, a condition that might well be beyond the volition and control of either superpower. This is what happened in August 1914. … the only philosophy of war that counts today is that war must never be used to settle disputes between nuclear-armed states, whatever else happens. Despite this, the superpowers continue to prepare for war as if it was a rational policy. – Before Hiroshima, doubt about the survival of our species probably never entered the conscious mind. - Major-General Leonard V. Johnson, CAF (Ret.), in D. Steve Chandler, Pat Chandler, Daryll Klein, and Mary Klein, Beyond War: A New Way of Thinking, in Physicians for Social Responsibility, Nuclear War: The Search for Solutions, ed. by Thomas L. Perry, M.D. and Dianne DeMille, 1985, p.294-96. - MILITARISM, ARMS RACE, MILITARY PREPAREDNESS, ACCIDENTAL NUCLEAR WAR, NWT

WAR: A State can only ‘die’ by defeat in war or by revolution. (*) In war, therefore, the State frantically mobilizes the people to fight for it against another State, under the pretext that it is fighting for them.” – Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.196. - And many to most of the people have fallen for this false pretence again and again, captivated by some misleading slogans. - (*) Putsch, military insurrection, collapse! – JZ, 24.8.08. – WAR PROPAGANDA, STATISM, NATIONALISM, TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATES WITHOUT RIGHTFUL WAR & PEACE AIMS & WITHOUT RIGHTFUL DEENSIVE WARFARE METHODS

WAR: A time will come when a politician who has willfully made war and promoted international dissension will be as sure of the dock and much surer of the noose than a private homicide. It is not reasonable that those who gamble with men's lives should not stake their own.” - H. G. Wells, The Salvaging of Civilization, chapter 1, conclusion, p.40 (1921). - Why give them or tolerate them in that decision-making power in the first place or any longer? - JZ, 14.10.02 - WARMONGERS, WAR CRIMINALS, POLITICIANS, TYRANNICIDE, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY ON WAR & PEACE, LEADERSHIP, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS, RULERS, WAR CRIMINALS, WAR & PEACE AIMS, AGGRESSION, Q.

WAR: A tyrant ... is always stirring up some war or other, in order that the people may require a leader." –Plato - TYRANNICIDE, DICTATORS, LEADERSHIP, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

WAR: A war between the governments of two nations is a war between all the individuals of the one and all the individuals of … the other.” – James Kent, Commentaries on American Law, I, 1826. – That would be a totalitarian war. Governments pretend that their own conflicts with each other are always a contest between all of their subjects, too and do more or less force or otherwise induce them to participate in their struggles and even to carry almost all of the risks and burdens of them. But these individual subjects are not by themselves or thus individually motivated to fight each other. By their very nature, they do have rather a moral and rational interest, to conclude a separate peace between each other, over the heads of their territorial governments and, against these governments. – JZ, 8.11.85, 22.8.08. - Should the condition or misunderstanding that James Kent described be always predominant? In panarchies it would make some sense, to include all their members, since they are all made up of volunteers for the same cause. However, panarchies, as opposed to territorial Warfare States, would tend to be peaceful. For territorial States their power concentration, their monopoly decision-making, their taxation, conscription and inflation power, their armament with mass extermination devices, are simply part and parcel of their nature as Warfare States. - The victims of territorialism have been so numerous that one should think it high time to check all its false premises and conclusions. – James, Kent, apparently, had not read J. G. Fichte, 1793, about the right of individuals to secede from the State, or Herbert Spencer, on their right to ignore it. - JZ, 22.8.08, 9.4.11. – INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, SUBJECTS, OBEDIENCE, DISOBEDIENCE, PANARCHISM, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES BETWEEN SOLDIERS OF DIFFERENT NATIONS – AGAINST THEIR GOVERNMENTS, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, META-UTOPIA, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW OPTIONS

WAR: A war is not won if the defeated enemy has not been turned into a friend.” - Eric Hoffer. - The false assumption is here that the enemy, from ruler to forced laborer or conscript, is a single body. One does not have to turn a dictator into a friend in order to make friends with his victims or achieve peaceful coexistence with many different communities in the countries that he had formerly dominated and exploited. - JZ, 29.1.02. 9.4.11. - DEFEAT, VICTORY, DESERTION, WAR AIMS, ALLIANCES, FRIENDS, PEACE TREATIES, FALSE ENEMY CONCEPT, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES – OVER THE HEADS OF THE RULERS

WAR: A worker is a weapon with a worker at both ends.” – Pacifist slogan between the two world wars. – Why did they not, more clearly, state that in wars between territorial governments all kinds of workers are induced to shoot at all kinds of workers on the other side of a frontier, under the false pretence that thereby they would protect their rights and liberties? - I find most pacifist slogans under-informed, useless, confused and confusing. - JZ, 9.4.11, 2.7.13. - WEAPONS, WORKERS, HUMAN SACRIFICES, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, STATISM, NATIONALISM, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: According to my conviction the great animosities cannot be lastingly quelled by forcing the opponent, after a victorious war, to accept an unfair peace settlement, but, rather, by outdoing them also in generosity and offering them, if possible, more favorable terms than they expected themselves.” – Thukydides, Peleponnesischer Krieg, 4.19. – JZ tr. of the German version: “Nach unserer Ueberzeugung lassen sich grosse Feindschaften auf die Dauer nicht dadurch beilegen, dass man den Gegner nach einem siegreichen Kriege zur Annahme eines unbilligen Friedens zwingt, sondern weit eher dadurch, dass man ihn womoeglich noch durch Edelmut besiegt und ihm guenstigere Bedingungen gewaehrt, als er selbst erwartete.” - Consider for how long we have by now disregarded this good advice! – JZ, 21.8.08. - UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER DEMAND, UNJUST PEACE CONDITIONS, WAR AIMS, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, FALSE ENEMY CONCEPT, WRONGFUL WARFARE, TARGETS

WAR: Advise none to marry or go to war.” – Herbert, 1640. – Hyman Quotes, p.254. – A joker might answer: What is the difference between marriage and war? - From marriage we can at least depart via divorce and make another try with someone else. I wish one could as easily depart from a war and avoid another such entanglement. – Individual and group secessionism and exterritorial autonomy for communities of volunteers are still not widely enough understood and far less generally realized. – All genuine societies, even the smallest, are voluntary and amount to free exchange. Free societies are exterritorially competitive. Wars are like forced marriages or even rapes. - They are the result of territorial monopolies, of people forced to obey territorial regimes and the ambitions and corresponding orders of such regimes. - JZ, 22.8.08, 9.4.11. –MARRIAGE, SECESSIONISM, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PERSONAL LAW, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, JOKES

WAR: After each war there is a little less democracy to save.” – Brooks Atkinson. Once Around the Sun, January 7, 1951. - Wars themselves and their conduct and motives and powers are, perhaps, the most undemocratic notions, actions and methods. Under full self-government no one would have to participate in them in any way. In this individualist way full democracy, with all individual rights and liberties realized, even for all minority group members, wars would mostly be prevented. Powers big enough to conduct modern wars could then not arise or be successful in their aggressions. They would rapidly lose their soldiers and taxpayers to their enemies, not to enemy bullets but due to desertion, defection and refugees saving themselves, or to military uprisings or to popular revolutions. - Territorial democracies are also, all too often, merely Warfare States. - JZ, 24. 11. 06, 9.4.11. – Or even much less! – JZ, 6.4.12. – If they are conducted for other than quite rightful war- and peace-aims, which is, alas, the rule rather than the exception. – JZ, 26.4.13.  - FREEDOM, TO DEFEND OR SPREAD DEMOCRACY? WAR AIMS, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, DEMOCRACY, VOLUNTARISM & SECESSIONISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS, WARFARE STATES, JOKES,

WAR: After studying over 8,000 reports of government-caused deaths, Dr Rummel estimates that there have been 262 million victims of democide in the last century. According to his figures, six times as many people have died from the inflictions of people working for governments than have died in battle. - Stefan Molyneux - Sørengaard Srugis shared Stefan Molyneux's status update. - & OTHER GOVERNMENTAL MASS MURDERS, DEMOCIDE

WAR: Against war it may be said that it makes the victor stupid and the vanquished revengeful.” – NIETZSCHE, Human, All Too Human, 1878, p.444, tr. Helen Zimmern. – WAR AIMS, VICTORY

WAR: All first-class powers still live more or less openly, in their relations with one another, under the old dueling code, which the enormous armaments in modern times render almost a necessity.” – E. L. Godkin, Unforeseen Tendencies of Democracy, p.204/5. – Somewhere else I listed some significant differences between wars and duels. Search under Duel. – JZ, 23.8.08. - The enforced participation of masses of soldiers and civilians does already fundamentally distinguish them from duels between 2 persons. If only all wars were reduced to duels between the leaders! - JZ, 9.4.11. - DUELS? NWT, MAD: MUTUAL ASSURED DESTRUCTION, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, WAR AIMS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY ABSENCE OF A DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES & OF A SUITABLE MILITIA FOR THEIR PROTECTION, WARFARE STATES

WAR: All is fair in love and war!” – “I won’t believe that in love or war.” – From film: “Isabel’s Choice.” – English proverb, apparently unrecorded in its present form before the XIX century. (In Beamont and Fletcher: The Lover’s Progress, v, 1623, it appears as “All stratagems in love, and that the sharpest war, are lawful.”) – An old proverb, which is true for you only if you are a conqueror and slaveholder, i.e., one who considers treating other people as his property, as if that were quite fair, ethical and moral. – Such immoral platitudes still dominate all too many minds. – JZ, 4.10.12, 2.7.13. – LOVE & FAIRNESS, WARFARE, JUST WAR, RIGHTFUL WAR AIMS & METHODS 

WAR: All men are blood relatives. (*) All wars are family fights in an organized and mass murderous way – that leave most participants little other choice than “fight or die!” – JZ, 26.7.87. - At least as long as territorialism prevails. - (*) Assuming the common origin of all men from the first men in Africa. - Without territorialism we would only get some wrestling, fisticuffs and gun fights, no organized mass slaughter. - JZ, 9.4.11. – Lately, some Chinese scientists have made a claim for China as the country in which men first developed. – There may be other such claims I haven’t heard or read of. - JZ, 2.7.13. - TERRITORIALISM

WAR: All murderers are punished unless they kill in large numbers and to the sound of trumpets.” – Voltaire - & MURDER, SOLDIERS, MILITARISM, WARFARE STATES, HERO WORSHIP

WAR: all the poor faceless, helpless victims caught up in this collective lunacy that called itself a war.” –John Biggins, The Two-Headed Eagle, a novel, Seeker & Warburg, London, 1993, p.300. - This lunacy consists largely in refusing to think, in time and sufficiently, about causes and cures for wars and thus just drifting into them, prepared and conducted by a few power addicts, sharing all too many errors and prejudices with the power-addicts and remaining ignorant about rightful and effective resistance options and uninterested in them. What Kant called “self-caused immaturity” is involved. – JZ, 28.9.07. – A lunacy like territorial warfare is not an entity that can call itself anything. But its victims can give it all kinds of wrongful or correct definitions. – JZ, 13.5.14. - & ITS VICTIMS

WAR: All these millions sacrificed for governments, which did not and even now do not declare or even know about quite rightful war- and peace aims. All are committed to all too many wrongful and irrational ones. And we still tolerate their monopoly decision-making power on war and peace, armament and disarmament and international treaties, although most of the larger territorial States are essentially Warfare States. – JZ, on Facebook, comment to Wall Photos - A profound lesson on the realities of war. - H/t - & THEIR WASTED MILLIONS, COSTS OF WARS

WAR: All those who seek to destroy the liberties of a democratic nation ought to know that war is the surest and shortest means to accomplish it. – Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, transl. Henry Reeve, Cambridge, Sever & Francis, 1863, chapter ON WAR, SOCIETY, AND THE MILITARY. - in  – Majoritarianism in itself is already a method to suppress the liberties of the outvoted and a “democratic nation” is a contradiction in terms, if its realization is attempted territorially. At most democracy can be rightfully practised among volunteers, as long as each of these volunteers remains free to secede. – JZ, 30.3.12. It even suppresses the few liberties and rights that were already declared and recognized to some extent in peace times. – JZ, 25.2.13. – LIBERTIES, OPPRESSION, DEMOCRACY, MAJORITY DESPOTISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALLISM, NATIONALISM, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, MILITIA, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

WAR: all war is a symptom of man’s failure as a thinking animal. …” - John Steinbeck, Once there was a war, p.18. - Rather, the thinking men have allowed the territorial animals and power addicts to rule them. - They have not thought enough about their situations. - JZ, 9.4.11.

WAR: All war is madness and criminal madness to boot.“ – Joseph Hocking, “The Price of a Throne”.

WAR: All warfare is based on deception.” – Sun Tzu, quoted in: Michael Z. Williamson, Freehold, 546. – Almost all wars are based on deception and self-deception. – JZ, 28.7.84. - How many or how few are even now aware already of territorialism and statism as the main factors? - JZ, 9.4.11, 12.5.14. - & WARFARE & TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, WARFARE STATES, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

WAR: All wars are boyish, and are fought by boys.” – Herman Melville. – And the wars are decided upon by old men. – JZ, 18.11.85. – Do they hate the youths that much, just because they have lost their own youth? The boys are not allowed to decide upon war and peace but only permitted or ordered to die - in wars not of their making. – JZ, 22.8.08. – DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY

WAR: All wars are civil wars, because all men are brothers ... Each one owes infinitely more to the human race than to the particular country in which he was born.” – François Fénelon, 1651-1715. – FRATERNITY, MANKIND, BROTHERHOOD, NATIONALISM, HUMAN RACE, CIVIL WARS AS CIVIL WARS, COSMOPOLITANISM, FAMILY OF MAN

WAR: All wars are farcical, ridiculous, absurd and comical in a way. But they are also tragic in the bloodshed, destructions, poverty, hunger and disease they cause, with their victims mostly not knowing why these things are happening to them and what they could and should do to prevent such occurrences. Government education certainly does not enlighten them sufficiently in this respect, either. – JZ, 29.12.75, 20.8.08.

WAR: All wars are fought over one premise; my god is better than yours.Mike Wasdin- Not all wars are religious wars. In WW I and WW II the members of various great Christian churches did all believe in, prayed to and worshipped the same supposed God, although in different manners and rituals. - JZ, 25. 11. 06. Wasdin’s remark is true only for religious wars, not those of political power games, based upon territorial denomination, unless one defines statist territorialism as a new “god”. They might be fought for protectionism or for free trade, for oil, prestige or only out of power urges and the lust for new conquests or imperialism. Wrongful motives for war are numerous, while rightful and efficient peace ideas are rare and unpopular, even within the peace movement. – JZ, 26.4.13. – CAUSE, THE RELIGION OF STATISM & TERRITORIALISM, THE STRONGEST RELIGION TODAY, POWER, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY ON WAR & PEACE

WAR: All wars are made by governments; there are no exceptions.” – LEFEVRE’S JOURNAL, Fall 77. – Even if there were a few exceptions, e.g. riots between contending crowds, occurring even during some soccer games, or brawls between drunks, they are much less harmful, lasting and frequent than those daily slaughters occurring in wars caused and conducted by territorial governments. – JZ, 8.6.80, 20.8.08. - Once governments are engaged in arms races and have established standing armies, then clashes between these standing armies can also occur without government decisions and commands, initiated by some brawls between soldiers or by some officers. The long war between Japan and China, beginning in the 1930’s, was supposed to have been started up in this way, later sanctioned by the governments involved. – Territorialism can make governments slide into war even against their will or intentions. - JZ, 20.8.08. –  GOVERNMENT, ACCIDENTAL WARS, ARMS RACES, TERRITORIALISM, PEOPLES, DECISIONS ON WAR & PEACE

WAR: All wars are made by men who aren't of military age. Wars aren't made against the so-called enemy, but against youth. The youths of one's own country are the big danger. First because they are always progressive and often revolutionary. They've got to be diverted from liberalism and revolution, so they're sent to the slaughterhouse. And secondly, the older generation wants to get them out of the way, so the old boys can sleep with their women. German or American, it makes no difference. And the young people fall for it every time. Why? Because they're cowards. They're too cowardly to desert. The only ones with guts are the deserters, because they do what all the others would like to do.” - Hans Habe, Walk in Darkness, p.193. - At least the wars of Alexander the Great and of Frederic II of Prussia are exceptions to this rule. - JZ, 9.4.11. -YOUTHS, POLITICIANS, DECISION-MAKING, DESERTION, REVOLUTION & COWARDICE, DESERTERS

WAR: All waste is a subtraction from his life.” – Dr. H. G. Pearce, Value, p. 84. – However, when a man can no longer excrete he is not likely to live much longer. – Sweat, drinking, inhaling and exhaling are also necessary for survival. – Necessary waste processes should be distinguished from unnecessary ones. – One of ALDI’s cashier’s dockets stated once to me, on one item: “Recycled toilet-paper”. - JZ, 24.8.08. Any self-chosen waste of one's time and energy should be distinguished from any imposed one. - JZ, 9.4.11. - TERRITORIALISM, TAXATION, CONSCRIPTION, FIGHTING UPON COMMAND FOR THE INTERESTS OF OTHERS RATHER THAN THE OWN.

WAR: All’s fair in love and war” – what a contemptible lie!” – Robert Heinlein, “The Notebook of Lazarus Long.” -

WAR: Americans have the mistaken viewpoint that Lady Liberty is only a peacetime luxury, who is ill-equipped to fight the nasties. Therefore, they reason, we need an equally nasty Big Brother. Americans have forgotten that Lady Liberty is one ferocious mother when protecting her children. – Mary Ruwart – Moreover, under full individual rights and liberties, most wars will be prevented and the rest can be turned, largely, into rightful police actions only. – JZ, 4.4.12. - & LIBERTY, RIGHTFUL POLICE ACTIONS ONLY AGAINST THE REAL WAR CRIMINALS, TYRANNICIDE

WAR: An aggressive war is just a crime with victims on a larger scale. A properly defensive war is just a large police action, an action directed only against criminals with victims, in this case war criminals. Neither aggressive wars nor private crimes with victims are reduced by not resisting them. Naturally, prevention of both is preferable – whenever it can be achieved. Panarchism, an ideal declaration of individual rights and liberties, enlightenment on collective responsibility notions, monetary and financial freedom and their effects could achieve much in this respect, especially when all individual rights and liberties, to the extent that they are claimed by communities of volunteers, are defended by a suitable militia force of volunteers for the protection of these rights and liberties. As history has shown, all too often, territorial governments cannot be trusted in this respect. On the other hand, the anarchists and libertarians have not yet produced such a declaration and militia force, either and achieved full monetary and financial freedom for themselves through a corresponding peaceful revolution. To that extent they have only themselves to blame. – Properly aimable or discriminating weapons are not wrong by themselves, only their abuse is. All habitual criminals, who have often abused their weapons, i.e., territorial governments and their soldiers, ought to be disarmed. And so should all territorial States and private terrorists be, who “armed” themselves with ABC mass murder devices or anti-people “weapons” or strive to achieve them. – JZ, 3.1.82, 20.8.08. – NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS, IDEAL MILITIAS, WARS REDUCE TO RIGHTFUL POLICE ACTIONS, WAR AIMS, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, TOLERANCE FOR ALL TOLERANT PEOPLE, INTOLERANCE ONLY AGAINST INTOLERANT PEOPLE, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW OPTIONS, DESERTION, LIBERATION, RIGHTFUL WAR & PEACE AIMS

WAR: an appalling chaos, … a brutal and terrible affront to faith, honor, patriotism, love …” - Zane Grey, The Shepherd of Guadaloupe, p.3.

WAR: And they must necessarily remain at war until justice is re-established. – Lysander Spooner, Natural Law. – If full justice had existed beforehand, then war would not have occurred. – JZ, 27.8.08, 9.4.11, 12.5.14. - JUSTICE

WAR: And what advantage has any country of Europe obtained from such calamities? Scarce any. Their dissentions for more than a thousand years have served to make each other unhappy, but have enriched none. All the great nations still nearly preserve their ancient limits; none have been able to subdue the other, and so terminate the dispute. France, in spite of the conquests of Edward the third, and Henry the fifth, notwithstanding the efforts of Charles the fifth and Philip the second, still remains within its ancient limits. Spain, Germany, Great Britain, Poland, the states of the north, are nearly still the same. What effect then has the blood of so many thousands, the destruction of so many cities, produced? Nothing either great or considerable. The Christian princes have lost indeed much from the enemies of Christendom, but they have gained nothing from each other. Their princes, because they preferred ambition to justice, deserve the character of enemies to mankind; and their priests, by neglecting morality for opinion, have mistaken the interests of society.” – Oliver Goldsmith, The Citizen of the World, p. 118. - JUSTICE, RULERS, AMBITION, CONQUESTS, GOVERNMENTS, ENEMIES, SOCIETY, STATES, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, LEADERSHIP, POLITICIANS, PRESIDENTS

WAR: And while I am talking to you mothers and fathers, I give you one more assurance. I have said this before, but I shall say it again and again and again: Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars.” - President Franklin D. Roosevelt, campaign speech, Boston, Massachusetts, October 30, 1940. - The Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1940, p.517 (1941). - He actively conspired to make the attack on Pearl Harbor happen and prevented timely warnings getting through to it. - JZ, 27.11.02. - DECISION ON WAR & PEACE, ENTRUSTED TO HABITUALLY DISHONEST POLITICIANS, FDR, PEARL HARBOR, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, SECRECIES

WAR: Another such victory over the Romans, and we are undone.” - Pyrrhus, From Plutarch, Lives, Pyrrhus, sec. 21. - VICTORIES, PYRRHIC VICTORIES

WAR: Any person, thing, idea, entity or location selected for destruction, inactivation, or rendering non-usable with weapons which will reduce or destroy the will or ability of the enemy to resist.” – U.S Air Force ROTC manual. - Quoted in Shimon Tzabar: The White Flag Principle, p.18. – At least in this definition it leaves the definition of “enemy” out. In practice the victims of an enemy regime, women, children, old and sick people, as well as private proprietors, also all of the conscripts of the enemy regime, defectors and refugees and deserters from it, were considered as enemies to be imprisoned, interned or destroyed, rather than considered and treated as secret allies or at least neutrals. – So much science and technology goes into air-raids – and so little thought and justice! – JZ, 20.8.08. – WAR AIMS, AIR RAIDS, BOMBING CIVILIANS, CITIES, INDISCRIMINATE WARFARE, TOTAL WAR, ENEMIES, VICTORIES, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, DECLARATION OF RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATES, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, WRONGFUL & COUNTER-PRODUCTIVE ENERMY CONCEPT

WAR: Any war is a great folly. Especially on the side of the main aggressor. Mostly much more could be gained by increases in productivity and free exchange. – However, these two features are not characteristics of territorial governments, on the contrary. Thus, for them, wars are merely extensions of their internal policies of aggression, oppression and exploitation, with their internal victims having no say on this and their external innocent victims also only being used as cannon fodder by their territorial mis-rulers. Mostly only degrees of mutual aggression do thus take place. The main war criminals, the leaders, do, usually, get away with their crimes. They might even get rich through their memoirs. - JZ, 31.7.92, 25.8.08, 9.4.11. –TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS, STATES, WARFARE STATES, RULERS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY ON WAR & PEACE, PERSONAL LAW, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE LEGALLY SUPPRESSED IN FAVOR OF STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATES, COERCIVE & MONOPOLISTIC MIS-LEADERSHIP

WAR: Any war is too big.” – Poul Anderson, “Kings Who Die”, in “Conquest”, p.10. – Also on page 157. - That is one of the many reasons for turning all wars into quite rightful police actions against the real war criminals only. – As it is conducted now, it produces more crimes than it punishes or prevents. - JZ, 21.4.89, 24.8.08, 9.5.11.


WAR: As far as the people themselves are concerned, they have little or nothing to gain by war, but everything – including their lives – to lose. In this sense, war is not in the nature of man, only in the nature of tyranny. - For a hundred thousand years, it is the tyrant who has made wars, although listening to the people’s war dances, one might be led to believe they really yearn to be slaughtered or to slaughter others equally misled.” - Dagobert D. Runes, On the Nature of Man, p.64. - At least the first part is also in his: A Book of Contemplation, p.140 and in his “A Dictionary of Thought.” - For how long was it considered to be the most exciting “sport”? - That may be one reason why territorial governments do not give their subjects any say in the matter! - Under territorialism some hotheads or ambitious officers could always start a war. Even in our times some young people still volunteer to join the armed forces! - Unfortunately, the peoples have so far put up with territorial Warfare States, even in supposedly “democratic” countries- JZ, 20.8.08. - MAN, NATURE OF MAN, TYRANNY, TERRITORIALISM, LEADERSHIP, GOVERNMENTS, PEOPLE, DECISION ON WAR & PEACE, PEOPLE, TYRANNY

WAR: As long as a voice in the wilderness can be heard it is not wilderness.” – Hans Habe, Leben fuer den Journalismus, Bd. 3, S. 238, in WESTRALEN-BLATT, Aug. 73. – (“Solange das Wort eines einzelnen in der Wueste widerhallt, ist die Wueste keine Wueste.”) – Alas, how long does it echo in a desert and by how many is it heard there? For some ideas even the Internet is all too close to a desert, but it can stay online there for a long time, at least in the Internet Archive. – JZ, 24.8.08. 

WAR: As long as people believe in government, wars will never end. - Larken Rose in THE DAILY BELL, 1/29/2012. - – via Carl Watner Facebook 20.2.12. - Pete Voluntaryist Eyre - WARFARE STATES GOVERNMENTS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: As long as there are States there will be wars. Since States will exist for a long time there will be wars for a long time, wars which in atrocities, cruelties, savageness and systematic, in the means used, even if not in duration, cannot be exceeded. – The resistance should consequently be directed not against war but against its cause, the State. – Not “War against War!” but “War against the State!” should be slogan.” - John Henry Mackay, Abrechnung, S.128. (JZ tr. of: “So lange es Staaten gibt, wird es Kriege geben. Da aber Staaten noch lange bestehen werden, wird es noch lange Kriege geben, Kriege die sich erfahrungsgemaess an Scheusslichkeit, Grausamkeit, Wildheit und Raffiniertheit in den angewandten Mitteln, wenn auch wohl nicht mehr an Dauer, uebertreffen werden. – Der Kampf sollte daher nicht der Folge: dem Kriege, sondern der Ursache: dem Staate gelten. – Nicht „Krieg dem Kriege!“, sondern „Krieg dem Staate!“ muesste es heissen.“) – Is there a history of non-territorial governments fighting each other and not aiming at establishing territorial domination? – JZ, 3.7.13. - TERRITORIALISM, STATES, STATISM, WARFARE STATES

WAR: As Mises puts it, “The liberal critique of the argument in favor of war … starts from the premise that not war, but peace, is the father of all things. What alone enables mankind to advance and distinguishes man from the animals is social cooperation. It is labor alone that is productive … War only destroys, it cannot create.” Mises differentiates the liberal case against war from the “humanitarian” case by pointing out that the liberal “is convinced that victorious war is an evil even for the victor. …” – Sheldon L. Richman, Mises’s Blueprint for the Free Society, in: Llewellyn H. Rockwell, ed., The Economics of Liberty, Mises Institute, 1990, p.360/61. - I just read some details about the wars of the Mongols in Arthur C. Clarke and Stephen Baxter, Time's Eye, A Time Odyssey: Book One. - A defensive war against their mass murderous and mass destruction kind of imperialistically aggressive "warfare" was certainly justified. - JZ, 9.4.11. - PEACE & VICTORY, DEFENSIVE WAR

WAR: Battle doesn't reinforce moral sense.” - Frank Herbert, Chapterhouse Dune, p.315. - Not when battles are conducted the conventional or the "modern and scientific" way. The libertarian way, based upon recognition of individual rights, even of enemy subjects and soldiers, and of the rights of non-combatants, might come to strengthen or clearly express the moral sense! - JZ, 7.2.02, 9.4.11. - MORALITY, ETHICS, WARFARE METHODS, LIBERATION RATHER THAN AGGRESSION, FIGHTING, BATTLE

WAR: Because it is obvious what a terrible evil war is in our time, everything must be attempted to prevent it. This must be done especially from an ethical motive. During the last two wars we have been guilty of cruel inhumanities and it a future war this would occur again. This must not happen.“ – Albert Schweitzer, only in a JZ tr. of: “Weil offenbar ist, ein wie furchtbares Uebel ein Krieg in unserer Zeit ist, darf nichts unversucht bleiben, ihn zu verhindern. Insbesondere muss dies noch aus einem ethischen Grunde geschehen. Wir haben uns in den beiden letzten Kriegen grausiger Unmenschlichkeit schuldig gemacht und wuerden es in einem kommenden noch weiter tun. Dies darf nicht sein.“ - Wir? Was e.g. Albert Schweitzer also a war criminal? - JZ, 9.4.11. - COLLECTIVE GUILT? COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY? DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

WAR: Before leaving the list of efficacious government enterprises, one should not miss the most obvious and proud State ability, namely, the exercise of killing large numbers of people in short periods of time within basically stationary geographical boundaries. Commonly known as the art of war, government thrives in this theatre of operation in accord with sound economic principle, for there exists a fair amount of lively competition. When beefs between rulers reach the point of humiliation, respective governments openly compete for the largest casualty totals and, as in so many of the aforementioned categories, far outstrip the piker efforts of private capitalists.” – Thomas Winslow Hazlett, REASON, 7/77. - GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, WARFARE STATES, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

WAR: Berkman saw war as the greatest of all of mankind’s failures. “War! do you realize what it means?” he queried. “Do you know of any more terrible word in our language?” (*) In specific reference to the Great War of his time, Berkman lamented the purposeless sacrifice of human lives it entailed and the untold suffering it caused to individuals.” – Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.423. - Alas, he, too, did not have a clear political, economic, social and peace-promoting program and retained all too many popular errors and prejudices in his head. – It isn't mankind that decides upon war and conducts them - but territorial governments. - JZ, n.d. & 9.4.11. - (*) Probably many more unborn children are aborted – surely, quite innocent beings, than are children and adults in wars. - JZ, 20.8.08.

WAR: Between August 1914 and August 1945, … 80 million white Europeans died either directly or indirectly of war. – Jim Downard, THE CONNECTION 109 of 22.1.83, p.12. – How many millions of non-Europeans died in the same 31 years from the same causes? – JZ, 26.8.08. – I believe that “white” men, too, while still organized in territorial States, are their own worst enemies. –  One could make the same comparison for e.g. “Christians” and “Muslims” killed during the wars and civil wars of the last 100 years. That, too, would, probably, show that Christians and Muslims are each their own worst enemies – when organized in territorial States or intolerant religious communities. - JZ, 2.7.13.

WAR: Big Wars from Little Errors Grow.” – E. W. Dykes, THE FREEMAN, Jan. 64. - Territorialism, conscription, taxation, racism and monetary despotism aren't small errors. - JZ, 9.4.11.

WAR: Bourne … argued that in order to crusade against war it is a first necessity to crusade against the state.” - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.563, on Randoph Bourne. – He should have said: “the territorial State”! A competing government, community or society with voluntary members only, no territorial monopoly but full exterritorial autonomy instead, acting internally freely and quite in accordance with the beliefs of its voluntary members and respecting the same rights of all other governments, societies and communities, is no longer a serious threat to world peace, in most instances. If fanatics or fundamentalists - or other criminals with victims - united exterritorially but at the same time waged war or terrorism against other communities of volunteers, then they would, thereby, unite all their victims more against themselves than anything else could. Then they could not last long at all and, in most cases, would not even be established as such intolerant organizations. But today all those, whom the terrorists fight are territorialists. And territorial rule is also the “ideal” of the terrorists. Territorialism, the notions of collective responsibility and the practice of monetary and financial despotism (and their inevitable consequences) are the main factors that make for terrorism – at least from my point of view. By all means, examine this position closely and refute it, if you can. – JZ, 20.8.08. – PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PANARCHIST, POLYARCHIES, TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATES

WAR: Boys are the cash of war. Whoever said / we’re not free-spenders doesn’t know our likes.” – John Ciardi, “New Year’s Eve”, “This Strangest Everything”, 1966. - As if girls, babies, infants, children, men, women, the old and sick were not also its victims, at least in the way the currently recognized “experts” and territorial leaders do conduct their wars. – JZ, 22.8.08, 9.4.11. – HUMAN SACRIFICES, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, SERFS, SLAVES, FORCED LABOR, CONSCRIPTS, LEADERSHIP, RULERS, GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, NATIONALISM, NWT, TARGETS, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, WRONGFUL WARFARE

WAR: But a libertarian America would clearly not be a threat to anyone, not because it had no arms but because it would be dedicated to no aggression against anyone, or against any country. Being no longer a nation-state, which is inherently threatening, there would be little chance of any country attacking us. One of the great evils of the nation-state is that each State is able to identify all of its subjects with itself, hence in any inter-State war, the innocent civilians, the subjects of each country, are subject to aggression (*) from the enemy State. But in a libertarian society there would be no such identification, and hence very little chance of such a devastating war. …” - Murray N. Rothbard, For a New Liberty, revised edition, p.138, Collier Books, 1978, ISBN 0-02-074690-3. - A libertarian America might still be feared, just as people fear what they perceive to be “freedom”, “competition”, a ‘market” and capitalism. However, if in America there were opportunities for all kinds of statists as well, doing their own things for and to themselves, only then would this fear abide or become confined to the remaining territorial rulers. – (*) also! – JZ, 16.9.08. – FEAR OF FREEDOM, STATISM, LIBERTARIANISM, TARGETS, TERRITORIALISM, SUBJECTS, AGGRESSION, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW

WAR: but if the contest was long and grim, the natives, even if victorious, might be so damaged mentally by an age of warfare that they would never recover their sanity.” (*) – Olaf Stapledon, Star Maker, p.156. – If they had been sufficiently sane in the beginning, e.g. not to subscribe to territorialism, they would not have become involved in a war in the first place. How sane is any population that does not even seriously consider the alternative to its territorialist organization, institutions, laws and practices – and their consequences? – The targeted victims of nuclear “weapons” were not even shaken out of their lethargy when their rulers called their nuclear deterrence policy “MAD”, standing for “Mutual Assured Destruction”. – And this from governments, who pretend to be our rightful and rational “protectors”! - JZ, 20.8.08. – (*) According to many recent reports, an astonishingly large number of veterans do commit suicide. – JZ, 12.5.14. - TERRITORIALISM VS. EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, ITS TOLERANCE & EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, SANITY, MADNESS, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, SANITY, INSANITY, MAD: MUTUAL ASSURED DESTRUCTION

WAR: But if they are commanded to join in a war, as often happens, if they are quite clear that the war is unlawful, they ought to abstain.” – Hugo Grotius, On the Laws of War and Peace. – Are they already quite free to do so? Can they freely disobey conscription, taxation and the inflationary and public debt finance for wars of their territorial governments? Is their right to rise and revolt, to resist and do only the own things fully recognized? - I am still searching for better libertarian resistance, liberation, revolution and peace programs than my own drafts going in this direction. - JZ, 9.4.11. - INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, INSURRECTION, DISOBEDIENCE, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, VS. VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

WAR: But in modern war ... you will die like a dog for no good reason.” – Ernest Hemingway. – Were most previous wars really much better in this respect? - JZ, 9.4.11. - WAR AIMS, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, PEOPLE AS MERE PAWNS OR HUMAN SACRIFICES, PEOPLE AS TARGETS FOR ABC MASS MURDER DEVICES, NUCLEAR STRENGTH POLICY, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, MAD

WAR: But most of all, we propose to abolish the age-old scourges of militarism and war, by abolishing the powers of governments all over the world to conscript, loot and kill. Nothing has ever excused the horror of mass murder and nothing ever will.” – Roy Childs, Liberty Against Power, p.9. - TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, POWER, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

WAR: But neither did the peoples of Europe’s dominant powers really find in their national unification the protection and security, which they had been promised. Due to the shortsighted power politics of their national governments, they were continuously being saddled with new taxes and contributions, which were not only absorbing more and more of the total national income, but were exposing them permanently to the danger of new wars, the logical result of their power politics.” – Rudolf Rocker, Nationalism and Culture, Epilogue, p.553. – POWER, POLITICS, TERRITORIALISM, RULERS, GOVERNMENTS, PEOPLES, UNIFICATION, WARFARE STATES VS. VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

WAR: But there couldn't be any war without government.” - L. Neil Smith, Contact & Commune, p.86. – The abolition of all territorial governments would be enough. – The others could remain for their volunteers as long as they are still satisfied with them. – JZ, 21.4.09. & GOVERNMENT, WARFARE STATES, TERRITORIALISM, STATTISM VS. VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

WAR: But war was also bad for business, especially a business with branches in 97 countries.” – Hayford Peirce, “Rebounder”, in ANALOG 4/76, p.47. – Businesses tend to be cosmopolitan in outlook and practice – unless there are governments, which grant them privileges and monopolies at the expense of taxpayers and consumers. – JZ, 3.7.13. - BUSINESS, PROFIT, CAPITALISM, CORPORATIONS, MULTINATIONALS

WAR: Ca. 60 wars are happening world-wide right now.” – Radio news, 22.8.93. – And so many people think that they are already civilized and part of a genuine culture. – Do e.g. musicians, painters, sculptors, singers, actors, writers, poems and sportsmen, as such, fight each other militarily, world-wide or only upon government commands? As artists and athletes they are already appreciated world-wide. They and their fans are cosmopolitans. What gives governments the right to involve them or anyone else in any war? – The only fighting that should happen should be against those, who commit us to their wars as their pawns in their territorial political chess games. And since we are many and they are few, there should not be much fighting necessary in this fight. – I just heard on the radio the term “Russian soil”. Soil is neither Russian, Georgian, English, French, German or American, Chinese or Japanese. It is just soil! And as such it should certainly not be soiled by human blood, upon command of any territorial government. - JZ, 21.8.08. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, HOMELANDS, FATHERLANDS, MOTHERLANDS, STATISM, NATIONALISM, COMPULSORY COLLECTIVISM, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY VS. VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE

WAR: Can a thing be more ridiculous than that a man has a right to kill me because he dwells the other side of the water, and because his prince has a quarrel with mine, although I have none with him? – Blaise Pascal, Pensées, IV, 1670. - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. - FRONTIERS, BORDERS, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, RULERS, GOVERNMENTS, Q, WAFFARE STATES

WAR: Child of God, therefore children of God, therefore brothers. All wars are civil wars.” – Eric Gill, 1882-1940. – A. Andrews Quotations, p.476. - RELIGION, HUMAN BROTHERHOOD, CIVIL WARS, HUMAN RACE, MANKIND, COSMOPOLITANISM

WAR: Ci vis pace para bellum!” – That is as old and ill considered an advice as was: “Love your enemy!” Neither “nuclear deterrence” nor “Make love, not war!” are any sufficient improvements upon these old fallacies. – Without sufficient qualifications all such statements are at best only part-truth or half-truths. – And most people “comprehend” only the false part or half and mistake it for the truth on the matter. – Preparations to prevent or meet an aggression or preparing for it in the conventional or nuclear way, can, indeed, lead to war rather than peace. - JZ, 28.3.84, 23.8.08. - TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, PEACE, WAR & PEACE AIMS, DEFENCE, STRENGTH & DETERRENCE HYPOTHESIS, ARMS RACES LEADING ALMOST ALWAYS TO WARS

WAR: Clausewitz:“War is an act of violence for the purpose of compelling the adversary to fulfill our will”, and he adds that with this object it equips itself with the inventions of the arts and sciences; while, long before Clausewitz, the classical definition of war, set forth by Cicero, was finally formulated by Grotius as a conflict by methods of violence, “certatio per vim”. - Havelock Ellis, “Selected Essays”, “The Philosophy of Conflict”, p.218. - Territorialism assures the rule of the whim of a few misleaders over the lives, rights and liberties of their involuntary victims. - JZ, 9.4.11. - TERRITORIALISM, IMPERIALISM, POWER ADDICTS, LEADERSHIP, VICTIMIZATION UNDER THE PRETENCES OF DEFENCE, PROTECTION, SECURITY & PRESERVATION OF PEACE

WAR: Cold War? - F. L. Greaves in “Peace in our Time”, CANADIAN WORLD FEDERALIST, Oct. 63, p. 17-18, lists 22 fair sized wars which occurred since 1945 and mentions 8 additional smaller ones. – Mankind is still not at peace even when a major war has ended. – In other words, just, free, tolerant and thus peace-promoting conditions have still not been established everywhere. – JZ, 23.8.08. - Sufficient agreement on these conditions has still to be achieved. - JZ, 9.4.11. - TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, COMPULSION, WAR & PEACE AIMS, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, META-UTOPIA, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, POLYARCHISM

WAR: Conflict brings the parties to know each other and to communicate with each other, which in turn leads to the evolution of shared perspectives and bonds, till the conflict turns into competition. – Amitai Etzioni, Toward a Sociological Theory of Peace, in WAR – Studies from Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, rev. and enlarged edition, ed. by Leon Bramson & George W. Goethals, Basic Books, Inc., Publishers, New York, London, 1968, p.413. - As long as all the conflicting groups claim a territorial monopoly for themselves, the conflict between them will continue. It will cease only once they discover and communicate to each other the possibility and desirability of exterritorial autonomy or personal law for each group of volunteers and thus do away with their territorial monopoly claims. – From then on they can peacefully coexist in genuine self-government, self-determination and self-management with only as free communication and free exchange between them as they do desire. – All that is needed is the full recognition of voluntarism, individual sovereignty, individual secessionism, full freedom of contracts and association and of competition, as well as experimental freedom - in all spheres, even those, which are presently still monopolized by territorial governments. In many other spheres we do have them already and take them for granted. - JZ, 22.2.13. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, MONOPOLISM, BORDERS, FRONTIERS, POLITICS AS USUAL, VOLUNTARISM, CHOICE, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM , PERSONAL LAW, PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE, CONFLICTS, COMPETITION, COMMUNICATION

WAR: Consider the almost incredible immorality, stupidity, absence of rational aims, rightful principles, institutions and actions through which most wars have become possible and likely. – JZ, 4.4.88, 24.8.08. – WAR & PEACE AIMS, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY VS. TERRITORIALISM, SECESSIONISM, GENUINE INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, A MILITIA FOR THEIR PROTECTION, PANARCHISM, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW

WAR: Contrary to Marx, all of history is not the story of class warfare. This is a minor theme, and only heats up at a few critical points. Most of history is a war between competing groups of (*) ruling elites, all of whom escalate politics into conspiracy when feeling threatened.” – Robert Anton Wilson, Right Where You Are Sitting Now, p.96. – (*) territorially! – JZ - CLASS WARFARE? POLITICS, CONSPIRACIES, RULERS, ELITES, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, MARX, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: Defensive and liberating warfare, the only warfare excusable, should be conducted in a self-liquidating way – not suicidally but, on the contrary, with a minimum of killing and destruction on all sides. Only the libertarian and panarchist philosophy, consistently applied, shows the way how this can be done, even against a regime armed with nuclear mass murder devices. – JZ, 11.2.73, 9.4.11. – MAD, NWT, WARFARE, NOT TO BE INDISCRIMINATE & ORGANIZED MASS MURDER OF SUBJECTS OF THE OTHER SIDE, NATIONALISM, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILILTY, DEFENCE, LIBERATION, REVOLUTION, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, DESERTION, POW TREATMENT, STARVATION, BLOCKADES

WAR: Definition of War. The biologist observes that warring is a form of group behaviour that is encountered solely within the human species (*), and that it is an instrument of dispute employed by conflicting groups within a human society (**), or by human societies and combinations of human societies that are in violent disagreement for the achievement of a settlement that has not been reached through reasonable discussion or diplomatic argument.” (***)– F. A. E. Crew, Must Man Wage War? Thrift Books, London, 1952, p.13. - - (*) Some types of ants do also fight each other. – (**) Rather, between territorially imposed States! – (***) And that cannot be reached as long as each group insists upon territorial domination by itself, instead of on exterritorial autonomy for itself and for all others who are tolerant enough for this. - JZ, 21.8.08, 13.5.14. –  HUMAN NATURE, TERRITORIALISM, STATES, SOCIETIES

WAR: develop a system without war or perish.” - L.E. Modesitt, Gravity Dreams, Orbit, London, 1999, p.202. – Develop, or understand, accept, and apply an already developed system that would prevent war. – JZ, 7.10.07, 9.4.11. - NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM & PEACEFUL COMPETITION & COEXISTENCE, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION, CONTRACT, FREE MARKETS, FREE EXCHANGE & LAISSEZ FAIRE IN EVERY SPHERE, COMPETING GOVERNANCE

WAR: Drinking is one of the many bad habits that get men into the trenches and keeps them there, ready for mutual slaughter efforts. – Smoking is another factor, which makes even the worst war conditions somewhat bearable for them. Without these two influences mutinies and military insurrections would have happened much more often than they did – and would, probably, also have been more successful. – Alas, by now there are many other drugs to take. - All of them reduce rational and moral thinking and resistance rather than stimulate them. - JZ, 5.2.93, 21.8.08, 9.4.11, 13.4.14. – The Red Chinese soldiers in the Korean war were often drugged. Many Americans in the Vietnam war drugged themselves. – Neither were liberated thereby. - JZ, 22.4.09, 9.4.11. - ALCOHOL, SMOKING, DRUGS

WAR: During most wars most people tend to take sides and few consider the rational and rightful alternatives to war and condemn both official positions. It’s as if they were watching a rough and foul football game and felt compelled to cheer for one side or the other, instead of condemning both teams. – JZ, 5.6.82. - PARTISANSHIP, OBEDIENCE, COMPLIANCE, NATIONALISM, PATRIOTISM, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

WAR: During the past 30 centuries, for example, only one year out of every 15 has been free from war; and even in the brief intervals of peace, the preparations for war have sapped energy which might otherwise have been directed toward constructive pursuits. Imagine what kind of world this would be if the energies of its 2,155,000,000 people were removed from war efforts, freed from bureaucratic regimentation, and applied to the invention, production, and exchange of useful goods and services.” - Henry Grady Weaver, The Mainspring of Human Progress, revised edition, FEE, 1953, p.262. - PEACE, FREEDOM, ARMS RACES, BUREAUCRACY, FREE ENTERPRISE, FREE EXCHANGE, HISTORY AS IF

WAR: During war we imprison the rights of man.” – Jean Giraudoux, Tiger at the Gates, 1935, 2, tr. Christopher Fry. – If we did not, we could have peace again much sooner. – JZ, 18.11.85. – I hold that only the upholding of individual rights and liberties would authorize any kind of warlike actions against their enemies, provided, these actions are undertaken in accordance with these rights and liberties – towards all people who are sufficiently rational to recognize and respect these rights. The others would only get what they deserved and in their own way asked for, by major aggressive actions against genuine individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 22.8.08. – WAR AIMS, MILITIA, HUMAN RIGHTS, LIBERATION, DEFENCE

WAR: Dying is more honorable than killing.” (Quanto honesties mori discunt hominess quam occidere.) – Seneca, Epistulae ad Lucilium, Epis ixx, 27. - Not one of his many intelligent remarks. Rather risking death than committing murder – would make more sense. Risking death to prevent a murder would also be sensible. – JZ, 22.8.08. - Survival of self and of other potential murder victims by killing or executing the aggressors involved, in self-defence, particularly the murderers at the top, would be a rightful alternative. – As Kant stated: Right is accompanied by the authority to enforce it. - JZ, 9.7.82, 22.8.08. – LIBERATION, REVOLUTION, RIGHT TO REVOLUTION, DUTY TO RESIST, TYRANNICIDE, SELF-DEFENCE, MILITIA, KILLING, AGGRESSION, EXECUTIONS, DEATH PENALTY

WAR: Each government accuses the other of perfidy, intrigue and ambition, as a means of heating the imagination of their respective nations, and incensing them to hostilities. Man is not the enemy of man, but through the medium of a false system of government.” – Thomas Paine, The Rights of Man, I, 1791. – Since all governments are still territorial governments, they give each other much cause for such accusations. The same mutual accusations and fears would sound quite silly and false between societies and communities, all made up of like-minded volunteers only and all quite free to do their own things exterritorially for or to themselves, with only themselves to blame when they fail with their experiments. – However, between territorial governments, all ruling over many involuntary victims, once can, as a rule, expect nothing moral and rational. - JZ, 22.8.08, 9.4.11, 13.5.14. – PANARCHISM, PEACE, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FREEDOM OF ACTION, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW CHOICES, COMPETING GOVERNANCE

WAR: Efforts to prevent a war may be successful on particular occasions (as at Munich or during the 1962 Cuban missile crises). But as long as the basic institutions remain – military establishments and their overkill capacity, international political and economic rivalries, belief systems glorifying nationalism and sacrificial bravery – the problem of war must be met afresh time and time again.” – Brian Martin, Changing the Cogs, p.8. - TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATE, STATISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, TAXATION, CONSCRIPTION, MONETARY & FINANCIAL DESPOTISM, PUBLIC DEBTS

WAR: Either man is obsolete, or war is.” – R. Buckminster Fuller, I Seem to Be a Verb. – An exclusive war-making power for a handful of men is certainly obsolete. So are taxes, public debts and inflation to finance wars and conscription and forced labor to conduct them and other territorial powers and monopolies that all make for wars. – JZ, 22.6.92, 9.4.11. – NWT, MAD, ZAP, NAP, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW CHOICES, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY

WAR: Either war is obsolete, or men are. - R. Buckminster Fuller – quoted on Facebook, 26.2.12. - MAN, MANKIND, NWT

WAR: Especially in war you should make promises, only quite rightful ones, and try your best to keep them. – JZ, 8.4.87, 9.4.11. – APPEALS, DESERTION, UNILATERAL PEACE DECLARATION, WAR & PEACE AIMS – QUITE RIGHTFUL ONES, FRATERNIZATION, PEACE NEGOTIATIONS & TREATIES OVER THE HEADS OF GOVERNMENTS

WAR: Europe – a place with a history and civilized people who just happened to be massacring each other. – Gordon Kent, Peacemaker, HarperCollinsPublishers, 2001, p.99. – Wars do not just happen, they are planned, prepared and made – not by peoples hating each other but by territorial States misled by power-addicts and power-mad people, who, just like in their “peaceful” actions, misrule not only their volunteers but all kinds of dissenters, under the false pretence of representing a whole population and acting in the public or common interest, in peace and war. They do not even bother to declare quite rightful war and peace aims, are not interested in them and in declaring and respecting all genuine individual rights and liberties. – Oppression, exploitation on a vast scale and wars, civil wars and violent revolutions, as well as numerous government-caused economic crises are the consequence. The people are rarely given a choice in any significant decision-making and denied voluntarism and experimental freedom in all spheres monopolized by their Warfare States.  Then they are blamed. In reality, they can only be blamed for not having enlightened themselves sufficiently. – JZ, 17.2.13. - EUROPE, CIVILIZATION, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, PEOPLE, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY ON WAR & PEACE, TAXATIN, COMPULSORY EDUCATION, NATIONALISM, , WARFARE STATES

WAR: Every State is a war risk.” – Leo Naphta, quoted in: “Auf dem Misthaufen der Geschichte”, Bd. 2, p. 9. – I would except modern Switzerland, Sweden and the remaining modern miniature States from that charge. – The former have largely learnt their lesson. The “territory” and thus their power of the latter is often no larger than that of some private real estate owner. - But the remark applies to most territorial States, which are, as such, still Warfare States and ready to prove this, once again, at any moment. - JZ, 20.8.08, 9.4.11. – WARFARE STATES, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: Every war is a civil war. – JZ, 11.9.79. – Alas, largely conducted in an all too wrongful and uncivilized manner and only rarely, if ever, only for quite rightful war and peace aims. – JZ, 20.8.08, 9.4.11, 13.5.14. - TERRITORIALISM, STATIMS, POWER, CIVIL WAR

WAR: Every war is a defeat of the human spirit.“ – Miller. - („Jeder Krieg ist eine Niederlage des menschlichen Geistes.“) – Which “Miller” was not stated in the German quotations book, from which I took this quote. – JZ - Human spirit, reason and ethics, are hardly ever applied in clashes between territorial government systems and by their victims against these regimes. - Power-addicted territorial rulers can hardly be considered as representatives of the human spirit. - JZ, 9.4.11. – POWER ADDICTION, NATIONALISM, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, GOVERNMENTS, POLITICS AS USUAL

WAR: Every war is fought with current wealth. There is no way of shooting off cannons that have not yet been made, no way of feeding soldiers with the produce of the next generation. The argument that a future generation can be made to pay the costs of a present war is both specious and deceptive; it cannot be done. All the labor and all the materials expended in the struggle are current, not future, labor and materials. We pay as we fight.” – Frank Chodorov, The Income Tax. - PUBLIC DEBT, WAR BONDS, WAR LOANS, FINANCING WARS, PUBLIC DEBT

WAR: Every war is unconstitutional - as far as the military clash between two or more powers is concerned. - JZ, 9.5.01. Even the formal and clear constitutional expression, granting the government a decision-making monopoly on war and peace, armament, disarmament, international treaties, the conduct of wars, the choice of weapons as well as war and peace aims, is unconstitutional in the sense that it contradicts any comprehensive enough bill of rights or declaration of individual human rights and liberties. - JZ, 30.1.02. – At least the larger territorial States, by their very constitution and powers, are Warfare States, even the democratic ones and during the “peaceful” periods, when they prepare for their next war. – JZ, 21.4.09, 14.5.14.  - UNCONSTITUTIONAL WAR, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, ARMS RACES, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

WAR: Every war, just or unjust, is a war against the child.” – Eglantyne Jebb, quoted in READER’S DIGEST, 6/79. – If wars killed only children then their parents might be motivated to resist such mass murders, like they did once resist the Moloch Cult. - JZ, 9.4.11. - CHILDREN’S RIGHTS

WAR: Everybody happily killing each other for a shilling a day”. – From film The Assassination Bureau, after a Jack London story – somewhat changed. - Territorial organization and coercion are required to achieve mass murders on that scale. - JZ, 9.4.11.

WAR: Explain why it is that what is most honourable in the world, in the judgment of the whole of humanity without exception, is the right to shed in innocence innocent blood?” – Joseph de Maistre, quoted in R. V. Sampson, The Discovery of Peace, p.12. – It is rather the most wrongful and stupid activity, in ignorance of the fact that it cannot be purely defensive on both sides, unless both, in ignorance, have accepted irreconcilable aggressive or dominating positions, like e.g. territorial claims to the same territory and its population. Then both “defend” merely a kind of aggression and domination attempt. – Most conscripts do no longer feel honored by being called up as sacrificial lambs. - But they do not know how to effectively and rightfully resist these call-ups. - JZ, 22.12.81, 20.8.08, 9.4.11. – Neither before a war, nor during it or afterwards are they prepared and interested in thinking about the causes of and cures for wars and their possible roles in both. – JZ, 13.5.14. - HONOR, DEFENCE, AGGRESSION, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: extreme ill treatment by rival states of each other’s citizen.” – “Ideas”, “A Volume of Ideas, Living, Dying, Dead & Fossil, Which We Are Moved By Or Were Moved By”, P. P. T., People, Places and Things, London, The Waverley Book Company Limited, 1954, describing 183 ideas, p.87. - Some totalitarian regimes do thereby merely extend their mass murders beyond their frontiers. - JZ, 9.4.11. - TERRITORIALISM, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR & PEACE AIMS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM VS. VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES & A SUITABLE MILITIA FOR THEIR PROTECTION, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW SOCIETIES OF VOLUNTEERS

WAR: Fame may be won in peace as well as in war.” – (Vel pace vel bello clarum fieri licet.) – Sallust, Catiline, Ch. iii, sec. 1. - Fame is much less the motive for most modern victims of wars than is fear of the own and of foreign territorial governments. But that fear is not sufficient to induce them to think sufficiently on how they could liberate and protect themselves and also their fellow victims on the other side of a territorial border. - The peace platforms even of the most famous peace lovers are, as a rule, still all too flawed and incomplete. - JZ, 9.4.11. - FEAR, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, IGNORANCE PREJUDICES, LACK OF SOUND OR SUFFICIENTLY PUBLICIZED PEACE PROGRAMS

WAR: Father State will finally place all of us under the ground.” – Mother, in “Sponti Spezial” – (“Vater Staat bringt uns noch alle unter Erde.”) – The State as the great “protector”, the territorial Warfare State, brings only the “peace” of the graveyard. For the last ones there will be no one left to bury them. – JZ, 22.8.08. - We are still not free to opt out from under it and do our own things for or to ourselves. By that we could hardly do any worse than the territorial States do now. - JZ, 9.4.11. - NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM VS. VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATON & CONTRACT OR PERSONAL LAW CHOICES IN EVERY SPHERE, ASSURING PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE & FREE EXCHANGE

WAR: Fear is the mainspring of war”. – George Bernard Shaw, only in JZ retranslation of: “Angst ist die Triebfeder des Krieges.” – Why? Territorialism gives large States fearful powers, makes them and their subjects afraid of each other and drives them into arms races. It also deprives its subjects of individual choice in most important matters. – Add the effects of ignorance, prejudices, propaganda and government-controlled “education”. - JZ, 8.7.92, 25.8.08. – The nuclear deterrence hypothesis wrongly assumes that fear of nuclear war will prevent it. But the fear of it induces more and more territorial governments to become “armed” with nuclear weapons. Few arms races have not ended in war. All of the larger territorial governments have to be feared as Warfare States and thus should be abolished and replaced by communities of volunteers only, as diverse ones as their voluntary members wish to be. They would not have a territorial monopoly for their members and thus e.g. the nuclear targets would disappear – JZ, 2.7.13. -  FEAR, POWER, PEOPLE CONTROLLED BY TERRITORIALISM, NWT, ABSENCE OF RIGHTFUL WAR & PEACE AIMS, NATIONALISM, STATISM, NUCLEAR WEAPONS TARGETS, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, SUPPRESSED PEOPLES AS TARGETS RATHER THAN AS SECRET ALLIES, GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE AS BEST ALLIES, TYRANNCIDE CAN’T BE DONE WITH NUCLEAR “WEAPONS” WITHOUT MURDERING THE VICTIMS OF TYRANTS AS WELL

WAR: few if any of the more disastrously delinquent acts of nations in recent years are, in the final analysis, the result of spontaneous upsurgings of public aggression. The attitude of the centralized society toward war is always ambivalent, but the manifestations of warlike tendencies are predominantly under the control of governments. Neither the German extermination of Jews, nor the Allied massacre of enemy civilian populations, which have been cited as the two most widespread and serious group-delinquent manifestations of the second World War, were spontaneous. …” - Alex Comfort, “Authority and Delinquency. A study in the psychology of power”, 1950, 1970, p.65, a book largely on the delinquency of authority. – Alas, kept out of print & off the Web for all too long. - JZ, 15.5.06. - PEOPLE & TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS, DECISION-MAKING ON WAR & PEACE

WAR: For centuries that State has committed mass murder and called it “war”; then ennobled the mass slaughter that ‘war’ involves.” – Murray N. Rothbard, For A New Liberty: The State as Aggressor. - AS MASS MURDER, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

WAR: For the masses war has that self-same fatalistic, unconscious character as the sea. It is only powerful through the absence of consciousness at the bottom and the absence of conscience and truth at the top.” – Alexander Herzen, Sochineniya, Moscow, 1958, vol. 8, p.268. - War is the catastrophe that is the natural consequence of territorialism. But territorialism itself is not natural but quite unnatural. A perversion of the natural forms of human societies and communities. Even large families, tribes and clans are entitled only to their private and cooperatively combined properties, not to any territorial monopoly. Any attempt to realize the latter as a supposedly rightful and rational monopoly, does inevitably clash with all other such attempts. - JZ, 9.4.11. - TERRITORIALISM, MONOPOLISM, COERCION, COMPULSION, INSTEAD OF GENUIINE PROPERTY RIGHTS & VOLUNTARY RELATIONSHIPS.

WAR: For thousands of years we have competed for the position of the most efficient killers and we have been too close to each other in that “sport”. We were not only driven into it but were even, all too much, proud of it and honored those killed in the struggle, as soldiers, largely forgetting about the civilian victims of wars, including e.g. the raped women, the murdered children! – You will not find them listed on the numerous war memorials! And we have invented all kinds of wrongful excuses for our (our territorial governments’) organized mass murderous actions and almost never (or almost no one has ever) sufficiently considered all the quite rightful and peaceful alternatives to these Warfare States and their wars. – Did even one of them have ever quite rightful war aims only? - JZ, 24.5.81, 20.8.08. - The few exceptions should be carefully listed and publicized, as certainly not excusing the rest. - JZ, 9.4.11. - TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, DECLARATIONS OF QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS DO SHINE BY THEIR ABSENCE

WAR: Force and fraud are in war the two cardinal virtues.” – Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan, Pt. i, ch.13. – What is right for aggressors and dictators is not right for defenders and liberators. They could confine their force against the aggressors and dictators while making a separate peace with their conscripts and other victims, offering them, openly and trustworthily, quite rightful peace terms, so that they would be turned from secret allies into open and active allies, or refugee and deserters, becoming either military allies against an aggressive and despotic regime or at least neutrals. Using force and fraud against such secret or potential allies or neutrals, instead of fully recognizing quite rightful governments and societies in exile, for their present and future volunteers, as one's natural allies, would be the worst thing that one could do – not only to them but also for oneself. – JZ, 27.8.08. – DEFENCE, AGGRESSION, LIBERATION, SEPARATE PEACE, DESERTION, SECRET ALLIES, CAPTIVE NATIONS & MINORITIES, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS & LIBERATING REVOLUTIONS


WAR: G. Valbert on the basis of the computation of the “Moscow Gazette” says that “from the year 1496 B.C. to A.D.1861, in 3,358 years, there were 227 years of peace and 3.130 years of war, or thirteen years of war to every year of peace. Within the last three centuries there have been 286 wars in Europe.” He adds further that “from the year 1500 B.C. to A.D. 1860 more than 8,000 treaties of peace, which were meant to remain in force forever, were concluded. The average time they remained in force was two years.” - Valbert, G., in the “Revue des Deux Mondes”, April 1894, p.692. – Having these facts in view, the Honorable George Peel, in his “The Future of England”, p.169, said that for fifteen centuries, since the full adoption of Christianity by the continent of Europe, peace has been preached, and for these fifteen centuries the history of Europe has been nothing but “a tale of blood and slaughter.” – From a footnote in Pitirim A. Sorokin, Contemporary Sociological Theories Through the First Quarter of the Twentieth Century, Harper Torchbooks, 1928, p. 325. - PEACE, PEACE TREATIES, CHRISTIANITY, GOVERNMENTS, WARFARE STATES, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, NATIONALISM

WAR: Generally speaking, it would be true to say that no one believes that war pays and nearly everyone believes that policies, which lead inevitably to war, do pay. Every nation sincerely desires peace; and all nations pursue courses which if persisted in, must make peace impossible.” – Sir Norman Angell, The Great Illusion, 1933. –– Compare: “War occurs because people prepare for conflict rather than peace.” – Trygve Lie: LABOR, Sep. 6, 1947. – Also quoted in George Seldes, The Great Quotations. - PREJUDICES, TERRITORIALISM, ARMS RACES, “PEACE THROUGH STRENGTH”, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, DEFENCE, ARMS RACES, DECLARATION OF QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR & PEACE AIMS & OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

WAR: Give everyone a veto on war and wars would cease. – JZ, 7.4.74. – Individual secessionism, defection, desertion, military insurrections and revolutions, well planned and executed, separate peace treaties, mass fraternizations, would also be “veto” steps. – JZ, 22.4.09.

WAR: Godwin was not the only anarchist to recognize that war is ‘the inseparable ally of political institutions.’ Claiming to be the supreme authority within a territory, the State is ready to use its monopoly of force in the form of its police and armed services against its dissenting citizens as well as foreign peoples. Since a State compels its people to fight the people of another State, the war of one State against another State invariably becomes a war of the State and its military apparatus against its own people. It was on these grounds that Tolstoy opposed the State and government. To deliver men from the terrible evils of armaments and wars, Tolstoy called for ‘the destruction of those instruments of violence which are called Governments, and from which humanity’s greatest evil flow’.” – Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible, p.635. - STATE, GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, ANARCHISM

WAR: Going to war accelerated the move from indirect to direct rule. Almost any state that makes war finds that it cannot pay for the effort from its accumulated reserves and current revenues. Almost all war-making states borrow extensively, raise taxes, and seize the means of combat – including men – from reluctant citizens who have other uses for their resources.” – Charles Tilly - & TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS, STATISM, WARFARE STATES, ARMS RACES, FINANCE OF WAR, TAXATION, PUBLIC DEBT, INFLATION, CONFISCATIONS

WAR: Governmental excuses for starting wars are rarely, if ever, moral and rational. At best they do satisfy the self-interest of the territorially monopolistic, powerful and coercive decision-makers – and even their selfish aspirations are mostly disappointed. – JZ, 20.1.98, 9.4.11. - TERRITORIALISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, WAR AIMS, STATISM, WARFARE STATES, POWER ADDICTION, POWER MADNESS

WAR: governments behave with such apparent irrationality as to prefer to destroy rather than persuade each other.” – View ascribed to Proudhon by R. B. Sampson, The Discovery of Peace, p.80. – What else can one expect from governments that subject, even in their best forms, whole populations to a single territorial rule? – JZ, 20.8.08. - GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATES, POWER-MADNESS, POLITICIANS, LEADERSHIP, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

WAR: Governments declare war. People declare revolution.” – August B. Black, My Briefs on Life, quoted in FRAGMENTS, 4-6/98. - Revolutions are not made by their mere declaration. Those, who believe that such a declaration and some "revolutionary" and mostly violent "actions" are enough to make a genuine revolution, usually produce just another bloody and anti-economic mess. It might even be worse than the mess of the territorial government, which they try to get rid of. - Their belief in "revolution" is often no better but rather worse than the belief of some others in a "God". - Think of the totalitarian revolutions during the last century. - Almost everyone knows already how a wrongful war is made after its declaration. How many know or wish to know, how a quite rightful revolution can be made? - Can it be based on the continuance of some or the other form of territorialism? - I would deny that. How many others do? - Even the term "people" indicates, largely, only a fiction. Only individuals are real entities and so are societies of like-minded volunteers only. - Generalizations like that lead to "revolutionary" atrocities. - JZ, 9.4.11. - GOVERNMENTS, DESERTION, PEOPLE, REVOLUTION, LIBERATION,

WAR: Governments fight governments, people don’t fight people.” – Mary Ingram, 24.10.75. - More correctly: Territorial government fight other territorial governments - not by fighting these, but by fighting their subjects and by abusing the own subjects for this purpose! - I would find it desirable, if governments would only fight other governments. – JZ, 27.8.08. – GOVERNMENTS, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY OR PAWNS IN CHESS, TERRITORIALISM, POWER-ADDICTION, STATISM VS. VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW CHOICES, INDIVIDUAL & GROUP SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE

WAR: Grant that war is an invention, that it is not a biological necessity nor the outcome of certain special types of social forms, still, once the invention is made, what are we to do about it? - Margaret Mead, Warfare Is only an Invention – not a Biological Necessity, in WAR – Studies from Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, rev. and enlarged edition, ed. by Leon Bramson & George W. Goethals, Basic Books, Inc., Publishers, New York, London, 1968, p.272. – The invention does consist in territorial rule and its frequent outcome is war. Once this is sufficiently understood, it will be replaced by exterritorial autonomy for communities, societies and governance systems of volunteers, in which the former territorial subjects will peacefully sort themselves out, one by one and, thereby, avoid violent conflicts between them, since then they are all associated by individual consent rather than by territorial location and compulsion, under the personal law system of their own choice, i.e. becoming as much satisfied with genuine self-government and self-determination or self-management, even in public affairs, as human beings can be. On that basis, the most diverse groups, merely wishing to do their own things for or to themselves, among themselves, can then peacefully do their own things. – JZ, 22.2.13, 13.5.14. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW SOCIETIES, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR ALL, WHO DO DESIRE IT FOR THEIR OWN AFFAIRS, GENUINE SELF-GOVERANCE

WAR: Grotius rejected the view of war as a medieval trial by combat in favor of the view that war is the negation of justice and of judicial authority.” – R. V. Sampson, The Discovery of Peace, p.83. – Even without conducting a war against its external enemies, a territorial State is constantly in a kind of civil war against all its dissenting individuals and minorities, denying them justice and their own personal law and judicial and other societal, economic or communal arrangements. – JZ, 20.8.08. - WARFARE STATES, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM VS. PERSONAL LAW, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, METAR-UTOPIA

WAR: has long been recognized by thinkers and statesmen (to use an American statesman’s phrase) as a “ferocious folly” – a stupid and clumsy expedient unworthy of our civilized life. For civilized nations – peoples, that is, who have acquired a self-respect, which is second nature to all true nationalities – cannot regard the arbitrament of force as final. Such people fight (*) for moral issues, not to avoid tributes and save their purses, but for homes and liberties and customs and all their intimate associations.” (**) - Bruce L. Richmond, The Pattern of Freedom, Ljus English Library, vol 12, Stockholm, 1943, p.166, quoting A. E. Zimmern: “The Greek Commonwealth”. - (*) or believe they fight … – JZ, 28.7.07 - (**) These are merely the usual territorial and nationalistic propaganda slogans on both sides. All the governments involved claim to be defenders or liberators and not aggressors. It is typical that neither side proclaims - and not even the war victims, soldiers and civilians, are really interested in - quite rightful war aims and attempts their realization. What really makes for peace and would assure it, has still not been widely enough recognized and realized. – There is even quite insufficient interest in attempts to solve this problem or answer this question. People rather continue to uphold popular prejudices that make for war rather than peace, even when they consider themselves to be peace lovers and peace activists. – JZ, 28.9.07, 9.4.11. – If you do want peace then do sufficiently prepare for it, starting with your own ideas and thinking. – JZ, 13.5.14.

WAR: Hastings summarizes the toll of WWII: “Combatants fared better than civilians: around three-quarters of all those who perished were unarmed victims rather than active participants in the struggle. – Max Hastings, Inferno, an excellent popular history of WWII, according to Tom W. Bell, Facebook, 3.3.13. – CIVILIANS, NON-COMPATANTS, MODERN WARFARE

WAR: Have you read Gil Elliot – The Twentieth Century Book of the Dead? A hundred and ten million killed by the machinery and the privations of war.” – Arthur C. Clarke & Michael Kube-McDowell, The Trigger, Harper/Collins Publishers, 1999, p.260. - And the “peaceful” or “internal affairs” and “territorial integrity” sovereign mass murders of territorial governments were even larger still! Worse still, they left us with a mass murder arsenal, ready and waiting for a leading crackpot or accident or misunderstanding or computer malfunction, to kill several hundred million people, maybe even all of mankind! – JZ, 29.9.07, 9.4.11. - IN THE 20TH CENTURY & NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, ACCIDENTAL NUCLEAR WAR

WAR: He had grown up in a country run by politicians who sent the pilots to man the bombers to kill the babies to make the war safe for children to grow up in.” – Ursula K. Le Guin, The Lathe of Heaven, p.77. – POLITICIANS, LEADERSHIP, RULERS, GOVERNMENTS, AIR RAIDS, INDISCRIMINATE WARFARE, WAR AIMS, BOMBING OF CITIES, JOKES,

WAR: He had seen his brother die at Caporento, and he died in Ethiopia, a fine, brave, honorable man, who believed with his whole mind that an individual is a cell in the body of The State, that Authority controls all human beings, and that his own life had no value whatever but service to Immortal Italy. – That is the cause of war. - Men who have that pagan belief will always make war. They must make war, because of the nature of human energy. Not knowing that individuals control themselves, they do not recognize and accept that responsibility; they try to make their own energy work on a false basis. It will not work on a false basis, and one of the results of trying to make it do so, is war.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.58. - HUMAN ENERGY & ITS CONTROL, COLLECTIVISM, STATE AS ORGANISM, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, HUMAN NATURE, INDIVIDUALISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM, AUTHORITARIANISM, OBEDIENCE, PATRIOTISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

WAR: Hell is the threat after death; war is hell invoked here and now.” – Robert LeFevre, LEFEVRE’S JOURNAL, Summer 78.

WAR: His fighting, like that of the individuals of many other species, would commonly appear to have its origin in frustration, in the failure to obtain his objective by other means.” – F.A.E. CREW, Must Men Wage War? Thrift Books, London, 1952, p.16. – Territorial governments may be considered as the main generators of frustration among men. – JZ, 11.8.87. - MAN, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, META-UTOPIA, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, TOLERANCE VS. INTOLERANCE, INDIVIDUAL CHOICE, SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, COMPULSORY COLLECTIVISM, NATIONALISM

WAR: History is a spectacle of billions of human beings, naked and shelterless on this planet, with no food, no clothes, no shelter except such as their minds can imagine and their hands make. None one of them could live if human energy did not ceaselessly attack this indifferent and dangerous earth; not one could live without the help of his kind. Yet they (*) always use their energy to kill their kind and to destroy the food and shelter upon which human life depends. – This is suicidal. War does not only kill individuals; it attacks the very root of human survival.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.59. – (*) They do this, largely, only as involuntary subjects of territorial Warfare States, not because they are aggressive by nature. – There are some peaceful tribes and some neutral States, some even without armed forces. – JZ, 13.5.14. - NATURE, SURVIVAL, MANKIND, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, NATURE, WORK

WAR: History is replete with empires mounting impressive military campaigns on the cusp of their impending economic collapse. - Eric Alterman, quoted by Anja Hartleb, on Facebook, 23.3.12. – ECONOMIC CRISES, ECONOMIC INTERVENTIONISM, PROTECTIONISM, MONETARY & FINANCIAL DESPOTISM, MASS UNEMPLOYMENT, INFLATION, RISE OF DICTATORSHIPS

WAR: How come we have still wars of aggression – although all governments have only ministers for defence? – JZ, 13.2.05. – Not one is cheeky enough to appoint a Minister for Aggression! – They do all pretend that all their aggressions are defensive acts. – JZ, 21.4.09. - DEFENCE & AGGRESSION, Q., TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, NATIONALISM, “MY COUNTRY, RIGHT OR WRONG!”, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, HUMAN SACRIFICES, DECLARATION OF WAR & PEACE AIMS & OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

WAR: How is this deadly peril to the future of civilization to be averted or overcome? In the first place, we have to eliminate war – the most futile and ferocious of human follies, as John Hay used to call it, the patron of every form of violence, the fruitful mother of hate.” – G. P. Gooch, Dictatorship in Theory and Practice, p.43. - According to Immanuel Kant every State in which not the people but the governments decide upon war and peace is still a despotism. - JZ, 9.4.11. - DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, DICTATORSHIP, DESPOTISM OF DEMOCRACIES, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

WAR: How many millions in the world are now ready and under arms, uniformed and trained to slaughter each other and also millions of non-combatants, upon command, for aims which are not their own? – JZ, 29.4.84. – And how many are at it, right now? – And how many are there of those, who volunteered, for the excitement, out of bloodlust, power-madness or with plunder and rape in mind or out of one or the other popular error, bias or prejudice? - JZ, 23.8.08. – WAR & PEACE AIMS, QUITE RIGHTFUL ONES, Q.

WAR: how useless it was to be fighting for our government, with no one’s heart in it and just shooting because the leaders couldn’t think of anything more to say.” – David Ireland, The Chantic Bird, p.192. – Do they have anything quite rightful and sensible to say? Aren’t all of them representing territorial Warfare States, with all too little knowledge of and appreciation for all of the individual rights and liberties? – JZ, 23.8.08. - TERRITORIALISM VS. GENUINE INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, Q., DECLARATION OF RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPLIES

WAR: I am tired and sick of war. Its glory is all moonshine. It is only those who have neither fired a shot nor heard the shrieks and groans of the wounded, who cry aloud for blood, more vengeance, more desolation. War is hell.” - William Tecumseh. Sherman. - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. - Territorial governments, mostly only of Warfare States, unless they are very small, keep leading us into it. - JZ, 9.4.11, 2.7.13. - GLORY, FAME, HEROISM, COURAGE, VENGENCE, ORGANIZED MASS MURDER & MASS DESTRUCTION, UPON COMMAND. TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, ARMS RACES, WARFARE STATES, STANDING ARMIES, “DEFENCE” ACTIONS INDISTINGUISHABLE FROM AGGRESSION, ALL ARE CIVIL WARS FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF MANKIND OR COSMOPOLITANISM

WAR: I ask continually for what purpose is this abominable mowing down of men.“ – Proudhon, quoted, in George Woodcock, Proudhon, p.224. – Woodcock states, ibid, that he “began to prepare a major work on the problem of war and peace which was to occupy him for many months to come.” – I have not yet encountered that book or manuscript. – JZ, 20.8.08. – But then all of Proudhon’s writings have not yet been published! - JZ, 9.4.11. - WAR AIMS, PROUDHON

WAR: I don’t want to be given a uniform and a gun and told who my enemies are.” – Don Crick, “The Different Drummer”, p.68. - CONSCRIPTION, ENEMY, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES VS. INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM & PERSONAL LAW ASSOCIATIONISM

WAR: I hate war as only a soldier who has lived it can, only as one who has seen its brutality, its futility, its stupidity.” – Dwight D. Eisenhower, Quoted by John Gunther, Eisenhower. – Also by George Seldes, The Great Quotations.

WAR: I have seen war. I have seen war on land and sea. I have seen blood running from the wounded. I have seen men coughing out their gassed lungs. I have seen the dead in the mud. I have seen cities destroyed. I have seen 200 limping, exhausted men come out of the line – the survivors of a regiment of 1,000 that went forward 48 hours before. I have seen children starving. I have seen the agony of mothers and wives. I hate war.” – F. D. Roosevelt, Speech at Chautauqua, N.Y., Aug. 1st., 1936. - And then he made sure that America would become involved in the next one! – JZ, 21.8.08. - DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY

WAR: I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones.” - Albert Einstein - From Monica Cellio homepage. – Claire Wolfe recommended it as a goldmine of quotes. Well, I found at least a few there that did fit into my collection. – JZ, 20.9.08. – And yet Einstein was one of those who advocated the first nuclear “weapons”, as if they were suitable devices to defeat tyrants. Did he ever advocate tyrannicide instead? Or a peace treaty with German governments and societies in exile? I know that, as a territorialist, he was opposed to panarchism. – JZ, 21.4.09. - TERRITORIALISM, NWT

WAR: I know war as few other men now living know it, and nothing to me is more revolting. I have long advocated its complete abolition, as its very destructiveness on both friend and foe has rendered it useless as a method of settling international disputes.” – Douglas McArthur, Address to Congress, April 19, 1951. - Quoted in Seldes & by Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online.

WAR: I pledge my life and my sacred honor to seek out and destroy the seeds of war wherever they may be found … and will sacrifice anything and anybody in the process.” - Frank Herbert, The Godmakers, p.131. - Well, according to this doctrine, if man were really a warlike creature, he would have to be wiped out! – JZ, 20.8.08. - Alas, most people seem to think: I will rather do or suffer anything except to seriously discuss how to end and prevent war. - JZ, 21.4.09.

WAR: I see that the better alternative is free trade among nations. (*) Dwight Eisenhower, with a far greater experience, had a view, which I share: “When people speak to you about a preventive war, you tell them to go and fight it. After my experience, I have come to hate war. War settles nothing! - Leonard E. Read, How Do We Know? p.84. - Especially when not fought for any quite rightful and sensible war aims. – JZ, 25.6.89. - (*) Include e.g. monetary freedom, free migration, free private investments, freedom to establish communities of volunteers without any territorial claims but exterritorially fully autonomous under their own personal law system. – JZ, 26.8.08, 9.4.11.

WAR: I speak no ill of war – war almost always enlarges the mind of a people and raises its character. ….  – Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, transl. Henry Reeve, Cambridge, Sever & Francis, 1863, chapter ON WAR, SOCIETY, AND THE MILITARY. – It rather boosts collectivist errors and prejudices, increases the wrongful powers of States while decreasing individual rights and liberties, not to speak of the waste of human lives, of work and of property. Moreover, as Immanuel Kant pointed out, probably in his “Eternal Peace”, it is bad by creating more bad characters than it eliminates. – JZ, 25.2.13.

WAR: I think that people want peace so much that one of these days governments had better get our of their way and let them have it.” – Dwight D. Eisenhower – Did he not also get in their way? – JZ, 22.4.09. - PEOPLE, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, STATISM, PEACE, GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: I, for reasons which I have stated, holding it to be most certain that there is among nations a common law of Rights which is of force with regard to war, ... For I saw prevailing throughout the Christian World a license in making war of which even barbarous nations would have been ashamed; recourse being had to arms for slight reasons or no reasons; and when arms were once taken up, all reverence for divine and human law was thrown away, just as if men were henceforth authorized to commit all crimes without restraint.” - Hugo Grotius, On the Laws of War and Peace, p.87.

WAR: I'm fed up to the ears with old men dreaming up wars for young men to die in.” – George McGovern. - Sent by C. B. Neither old nor young people nor anyone else should have a decision-making territorial monopoly on war and peace, armament and disarmament and international relations and treaties. – JZ, 27.12.07. – By now, and for many decades already, in most wars, the civilian non-combatant war victims of all ages tend to far outnumber the young soldiers killed in military actions. Most of the guilty decision-makers survive, in the best bunkers. – JZ, 21.4.09. - DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM VS. INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW CHOICES, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, META-UTOPIA, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS

WAR: I’m interested in preventing war and, I think, I know it could be done, although certainly not single-handedly and by me alone. But who else, among the living, is sufficiently interested in how it could be done in a rightful and practical way? I have still to catch up with or meet even one of them or find another writer who has set out at least some of all the required steps in at least some details. - (*) – The least interested seem to be those, who are organized in peace movements and engaged in what they call peace-promoting activities. - JZ, 5.2.93, 21.8.08, 9.4.11. – (*) - - PEACE, PEACE MOVEMENTS, INTEREST IN A GENUINE PEACE PROGRAM

WAR: I’ve come to the conclusion that most people who are given positions of authority in time of war are subject to epidemics of insanity.” – Kenneth Roberts, Oliver Wiswell, p.606/07. – Not only in war-time. Territorial States themselves are insane and inherently unjust artificial constructions. - LEADERSHIP, INSANITY, STATES, TERRITORIALISM, PEACE, AUTHORITARIANISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, POWER-ADDICTION, WARFARE STATES, STATISM

WAR: If a simple homicide is to be considered a crime, but the multiple homicide that is an attack on another country is to be considered a good action, can we possibly call that a reasonable distinction between good and evil?” – Mo Ti, Chinese philosopher, ca. 570-381 B.C., quoted in Courtons et al: The Black Book of Communism, Crimes, Terror, Repression, p.467. - AS MURDER

WAR: If any question why we died, // Tell them, because our fathers lied.” – Rudyard Kipling, “Common Form.” – How do all the religiously motivated human sacrifices of all of history stack up in numbers compared with the war dead and other mass murders of territorial governments? – JZ, 21.8.08. - LIES, PROPAGANDA, PREJUDICES, CHILD SACRIFICES, HUMAN SACRIFICES, WAR & PEACE AIMS, QUITE RIGHTFUL ONES, Q., STATISM & TERRITORIALISM, A MASS-MURDEROUS RELIGION, HUMAN SACRIFICES

WAR: If any at all, then there should only be popular wars, wars financed by voluntary contributions and carried out by enlightened volunteers, for just and peace-promoting aims and only against quite wrongful, intolerant, aggressive individuals and groups or those, who all too passively, stupidly or misled by propaganda lies, do fight for criminal territorial governments. – JZ, 11.2.73, 23.8.08, 9.4.11. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, LIBERATION, AGGRESSORS, DEFENCE

WAR: If it’s natural to kill, why do men have to go into training to learn to do it?” – Attributed to Joan Baez. - And if it is natural to them, then why don’t they start out by first killing those, who send them into wars? – So that they can go on, peacefully, with their wives, sweethearts, children, jobs, trades, business and with enjoying their lives rather than submitting to much suffering and dangers? - JZ, 21.8.08. – MAN, HUMAN NATURE, AGGRESSIVENESS, DECLARATION OF RIGHTFUL WAR & PEACE AIMS & OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, DISOBEDIENCE, SECESSIONISM, NATURAL AGGRESSIVENESS OF MAN? OR ONLY OF TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS?

WAR: If modern warfare appears more bloody than in the Middle Ages, it is probably due, in addition to the more effective weapons, to the concept of "absolute" war. In this thesis the entire nation is at war, and this tends to eliminate the distinction between combatants and non-combatants. If civilians, men, women, and children, are all combatants, it makes no sense to compare medieval and modern war. The Hague Conventions deplored the wholesale bombing of cities in 1899 as inhuman, since the residents were not combatants--while in World War II both sides practiced wholesale bombing of cities, in part on the theory that every member of the enemy country is a potential threat. - D. A. Wells - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. - INDISCRIMINATE WARFARE, AIR RAIDS, BOMBING, MASS MURDER OF NON-COMBATANTS, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY SPLEEN

WAR: If one fights at all, or works or pays taxes for wars, then this should be done only voluntarily and for the own and self-chosen and quite rightful and peace-promoting war and peace aims, and this with rightful weapons and against one’s real enemies only, rather than being conscripted, to fight with wrongful weapons, for wrongful aims and this largely against innocents, whether conscripts or non-combatants, people forced to fight, pay taxes to and work for an aggressive, exploitative and oppressive territorial government. – JZ, 12.5.85, 23.8.08, 9.4.11.

WAR: If people knew why they are fighting (coercive and monopolistic territorialism) they might be able to prevent it or to stop it. – JZ, 27.3.84. – Usually they are simply in the grip of false and misleading ideas on the subject. – JZ, 23.8.08. – PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, TOLERANCE OF ALL TOLERANT ACTIONS, INTOLERANCE ONLY FOR INTOLERANT ONES, PERSONAL LAW OPTIONS, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE VS. POPULAAR ERRORS & PREJUDICES, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, NATIONALISM

WAR: If the war-dead could vote – where would the politicians be then? – JZ, 21.3.78. – Perhaps we should count all of them, anyhow, in all elections and in every referendum - as unanimous votes against any politician and any political measure that makes for war? – For the politicians had unjustly deprived them of their lives and voting rights. In that case, I would even accept or count the “votes” of babies, infants and children murdered in a war that was all too indiscriminate. – JZ, 28.8.08. - VOTING, WAR-DEAD, POLITICIANS, WAR CRIMINALS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, BABIES, INFANTS, CHILDREN, Q.

WAR: If there had never been war there could never have been tyranny in the world.” – Percy Bysshe Shelley, A Philosophical View of Reform, 1819. – Without territorial authoritarianism there would be no war. – JZ, 27.8.08. – A tyrant can also come to power through the civil war that he conducts in the country that he exclusively claims as his own. While e.g. Hitler's career did benefit from the wrongs of WW I and of the Weimar Republic, he came to power without a war and then he conducted his own aggressive war and also his internal mass murders. - JZ, 9.4.11. - TYRANNY, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: If Tyranny and Oppression come to this land, it will be in the guise of fighting a foreign enemy.” – James Madison (1751-1836), 4th U.S. President. – The internal enemies of rights and liberties were, possibly, even more influential in increasing wrongful powers and suppressing genuine rights and liberties. – Territorialism alone does already assure the occurrence of all too much authoritarianism and all too many wars. - JZ, 3.1.08, 9.4.11. – Consider how long slavery continued to exist in the USA and that even now, it has not yet declared all individual rights and liberties. Neither has any other government, or, to my knowledge, any anarchist or libertarian movement  or have they ever even shown a sufficient interest in this project. – JZ, 13.5.14. - TYRANNY & OPPRESSION, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, SLAVERY, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, USA

WAR: If war is nothing more or less than sanctioned murder on an industrial scale, then was it not more humane to apply violence in a much more focused and discreet way?” - Tom Clancy, Clear and Present Danger, p.481. - It need not be altogether discreet but it should be much more discriminating against the real war criminals and the most important preconditions for wrongful wars. - JZ, 9.4.11. - TYRANNICIDE & VIOLENCE, TERRITORIALISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, TAXATION, MONETARY DESPOTISM

WAR: If you fight at all, it should be for YOUR war aims, not THEIRS. – And this with weapons, organizations, officers and warfare methods approved by YOU! - JZ, 31.1.91. - WAR AIMS, GOVERNMENTS, LEADERS, WAR CRIMINALS, TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATES, OBEDIENCE, WAR AIMS, FIGHTING, MILITIA

WAR: If you hadn't entered the World War we would have made peace with Germany early in 1917. Had we made peace then there would have been no collapse in Russia followed by communism, no break-down in Italy followed by fascism, and Germany would not have signed the Versailles Treaty, which has enthroned Nazism in Germany. In other words, if America had stayed out of the war all of these "isms" wouldn't today be sweeping the Continent of Europe and breaking down parliamentary government, and if England had made peace early in 1917, it would have saved over 1,000,000 British, French, American, and other lives.” - Attributed to Winston Churchill, but denied by him. - William Griffin, sworn statement, September 8, 1939, reprinted in the Congressional Record, October 21, 1939, vol. 84, p.686. Griffin, publisher of the NEW YORK ENQUIRER said the conversation had taken place in London during August 1936. Griffin brought a $1,000,000 libel suit against Churchill in October 1939, but the charges were dismissed on October 21, 1942, when Griffin or his lawyers failed to appear when the case was called. At that time Griffin was under indictment in Washington, D.C., on charges of conspiring to lower the morale of the armed forces of this country. - In his answer to the suit, Churchill admitted the 1936 interview, but denied the statement. - THE NEW YORK TIMES, October 22, 1942, p. 13. The proceedings against Griffin were later quashed after a hearing in federal court on January 26, 1944. - ISOLATIONISM, WORLD WAR I, HISTORY AS IF

WAR: If you kill one person you are a murderer. If you kill ten people you are a monster. If you kill ten thousand you are a national hero.” – Vassilis Epaminondou, Greek Social Reformer – WAR & ITS HEROES COMPARED WITH MURDERS & MURDERERS & MASS MURDERERS, GENERALS

WAR: If you prepare exclusively for war, that is what you will probably get.” – Ascribed to Michael Renner by David Fairhall, in THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 9.1.95. – Compare the ancient: “Ci vis pace, para bellum!” – Most States prepared for war since then – and only in a few years since then did peace actually happen. Most arms races, also intended to deter from war, also ended in wars. And yet, for decades now, we relied largely on the nuclear deterrence theory! – Are we sufficiently aware how often we came already very close to nuclear war? – JZ, 20.8.08. – NWT, MAD: MUTUAL ASSURED DESTRUCTION

WAR: If you want peace, prepare for war.” This adage, ascribed to Vegetius in the fourth century AD, has not worked then or since, except for limited periods.” - Lt.-Gen. E. L. M. Burns, Megamurder, 1966, p.81. – If you want peace then do prepare for peace, in your mind, in public opinion, legislation, institutions, in the sphere of individual rights and liberties and of declaring quite rightful war and peace aims only. – JZ, 13.5.14. - PEACE, SLOGANS FOR WAR, DOGMA UPHELD & BELIEVED IN FOR CENTURIES, ALTHOUGH NEVER PROVEN TO BE CORRECT

WAR: If you want war – prepare for it as you do now. – JZ, 14.10.76, 3.8.78.

WAR: If you were to morally and rationally prepare for a quite just and liberating war – or, rather, policing action, one against the real war criminals and war-promoting laws and institutions only, then and only then would you actually prepare for peace. – JZ, 28.3.84, 23.8.08, 9.4.11.

WAR: If you win this awful war - you lose. As will our race. Only if you lose will you win.” - John W. Campbell, The Black Star Passes, p.210. - VICTORY, DEFEAT, SURRENDER

WAR: If, for instance, the so-called instinct of self-preservation were as fundamental as it is supposed to be, wars would have been eliminated long ago, as would all dangerous and hazardous occupations.” - Emma Goldman, “Was My Life Worth Living?” - Quoted in Alix Kates Shulman, ed. of Red Emma Speaks, p.438. - SELF-PRESERVATION INSTINCT

WAR: In 2006, the last year for which we have an accurate count, there were 32 civil wars in progress from Afghanistan to Sudan. And since 1989, 115 of the world’s 122 wars have been civil wars rather than international wars, though many of these civil conflicts have also drawn in outside powers.” – David Armstrong, the Lloyd C. Blankfein Professor of History at Harvard University, in THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD,, Weekend Edition, July 19-20, 08, p.33. – If all the contenders in civil wars were offered the panarchist option, i.e., each group or movement an exterritorially autonomous community for its own volunteers, under its own personal law, and if they understood this option, would they still fight each other? – Panarchism would also abolish or diminish the incidence of international wars – but there its influence is not so obvious. One has to think much more and take many more factors into consideration to arrive at that conclusion. I attempted to do so in my two peace books at - JZ, 11.9.08. – Q., CIVIL WAR, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, DESERTION, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, TYRANNICIDE, REVOLUTIONS AGAINST DESPOTIC REGIMES, GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE, SECRET ALLIES, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES, DECLARATION OF QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR & PEACE AIMS

WAR: In a war everybody loses.” – Marshall Grover, McCracken’s Marauders, p.71. - VICTORY?

WAR: In all history there is no war which was not hatched by the governments, the governments alone, independent of the interests of the people, to whom war is always pernicious even when successful.” - Leo Tolstoy. - “Tolstoi on Civil Disobedience and Nonviolence”, p.79, quoted by Nizam Ahmad, Facebook, 29.12.12. – The same, sharing The Art of Not Being Governed's photo. – Facebook, 14.1.14. - Well, there were some really peaceful tribes but also some really barbaric and warlike tribes, which elected war leaders to lead them to fighting, conquests, rape and plunder. But man, humanity, and "the people", are not necessarily warlike. Only some conditions, especially territorialism and its institutions, tend to make them warlike or at least induce them to put up with wars. - JZ, 29.1.02. – Territorialism and statism do, sometimes, makes governments and populations slide into a war much against their will. A nuclear war could also occur just by an accident, computer fault or a misinterpretation. Governments cause and maintain wars and the conditions making for wars. They do even possess and maintain a monopoly to decide on war and peace, one still not sufficiently questioned and criticized. – JZ, 21.4.09. - & GOVERNMENTS VS. RIGHTS, LIBERTIES & INTERESTS OF THE PEOPLE, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, WARFARE STATES, TERRITORIALISM, VICTORY, STATISM, UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER DEMANDS

WAR: in all of recorded history, there have only been 200 years in which the world was free from war.” – F. A. Praisal, quoted in “The Peter Plan”, by L. J. Peter, p.137.

WAR: in his estimation, a most difficult problem of battle was to conduct it in a way that did not release human wildness. … Battle must be conducted to bring out the best in those who survived. (*) Most difficult and sometimes all but impossible. The more remote the soldier from carnage, the more difficult.” – Frank Herbert, Chapterhouse Dune, p.420. - (*) Even in the soldiers and civilians of the enemy regime, who are, largely, merely its victims. - JZ, n.d. & 26.8.08. - Those who kill via carpet bombing, artillery shells or rockets - are all too far removed from their victims. - How often do they feel like mass murderers? Not to speak of those, who decide upon war and send others to fight it for them? - However, wildness and bloodthirstiness can also be aroused in close combat, where the soldiers of both sides are placed all too much in the position of kill or be killed. - JZ, 9.4.11. - DESERTION, WARFARE, SAVAGERY, „NO PARDON!”, PRISONER OF WAR TREATMENT OR LIBERATION? MILITIA, UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER DEMANDS, INDISCRIMINATE FIGHTING ON THE “PRINCIPLE” OF COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY

WAR: In modern war, the longest purse decides oftener than the longest sword.” - David Ramsay – As if quite rightful war aims, tactics and strategy would not matter. – JZ, 23.1.08. - Whichever government does inflate its currency most does not necessarily win. - Rationing and price controls may rather harm than help the war effort as well. - Most costs will have to come out of current production rather than a war chest, as in former times. - JZ, 21.4.09. - FINANCE, WEAPONS

WAR: In short, the objective of the libertarian is to confine any existing State to as small a degree of invasion of person and property as possible. And this means the total avoidance of war.” – Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.193. – It also means, its confinement to exterritorial instead of territorial autonomy and to volunteers instead of involuntary State subjects. – JZ, 25.8.08. - LIBERTARIANISM, STATE, PEACE, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE

WAR: In the final analysis war, like life itself, obeys the Laws of Thermodynamics. You can't get something for nothing, and whatever you do (*) will always cost you just a bit more than it was worth.” - Poul Anderson, The People of the Wind, p.111 of ANALOG, April 73. – (*) in most wars. – JZ, 21.4.09. - VICTORY & SOMETHING FOR NOTHING

WAR: In the history books war made sense, because the historians made it make sense.” - Eric Lambert, Glory Thrown In, 45. & THE HISTORIANS

WAR: In the last 3,421 years of recorded history, only 268 have seen no war.” – Historians Will and Ariel Durant, quoted in DESTINIES, April-June 79. - PEACE, RARITY OF IT

WAR: in the mad pre-slaughter recklessness of war, …“ – From “Invocation”, in “For Freedom”, an anthology by Davis Pynder.

WAR: In the Pentagon, a war is called “defense” or a “police action”; weapons are “precision devises”; when we kill our own personnel they are called “friendly casualties”; bullets are “kinetic energy penetrators”; bombing is called “limited air interdiction”, or “air support”; retreat is called “tactical deployment”, and defoliation is defined as “killing off hostile vegetation”. - Dr. Laurence J. Peter, Why Things Go Wrong or The Peter Principle Revisited, George Allen & Unwin, 1991, p.119. & THE ABUSE OF LANGUAGE & TERMS

WAR: In time of war good young men drop bombs on people they do not know, by pressing switches, and this murder does not bother them in the slightest.” – Harry Harrison, From Fanaticism or for Reward, in One Step From Earth, p.171.

WAR: In Vietnam we spent five million dollars a head to kill the citizens of that country, and our profit was the undying hatred of everyone there, both north and south, and the loathing of the civilized world. – Harry Harrison, Stainless Steel Visions, LEGEND, London, Sydney, Auckland, Johannesburg, 1993, ISBN 009 926201 0/009 926021 2, story Command Raid, 1984.The aim was not to kill “citizens” of that country” but to stop communist insurrections and invasions from communist-run North Vietnam. If indiscriminate killing of all citizens had been the target, it certainly could have been done much more cheaply. Compare what is known about “market prices” for contract killings. Neither in North nor in South Vietnam nor in the “civilized world” [Where is THAT?] was there a unanimous opinion on the subject. On the contrary. Neither N.V. nor S.V. were at least majoritarian democracies. Neither granted exterritorial autonomy to its minorities and its majorities. Neither allowed individual or group secessionism. Assuming the figure of US dollars spent for every North – and South Vietnamese subject killed in that war, revolution and civil war - were correct, then it is certainly true that more friends and allies could have been won and the conflict would have been greatly shortened and much less blood would have been shed, if this money would have been used e.g. in form of long-term and stable value loans, with a market rate of interest, to set up South Vietnamese, in all their varieties, by the hundreds of thousands on their own farms, in small manufacturing and trading businesses, provide them with trade trading or academic education and to provide everyone able and willing to work productively with a paying job and to establish competitively supplied public services. Instead, the statist military machine was used, very expensively and also at the cost of many American lives, limbs, and health of their soldiers, the guilty, misled, prejudiced volunteers and the simply conscripted enemy soldiers, and also all too many innocent civilians. The fact that there were numerous defectors from both sides, ca. 50,000 a year from each side, already indicates that there was no unanimous opinion on the subject neither in North Vietnam, which had no freedom of expression at all for opponents, nor in South Vietnam. “World opinion” was also widely divided. The communist empire and international revolution attempt was still close to its peak. There is no hint here on how many were murdered by the communist factions or by other Vietnamese factions. - H. H. was one of the all too many outstanding SF writers who did not sufficiently use their knowledge, information sources and imagination here but became merely a one-sided partisans. – JZ, 9. & 10.8.12. – What sum per head would have been sufficient to induce most of the communist forces to defect and set themselves up as “capitalists”? – JZ, 13.5.14. - VIETNAM

WAR: In war (*), whichever side may call itself the victor, there are not winners, but all are losers.” – Neville Chamberlain, Speech at Kettering, England, July 2, 1938. – (*) As conducted today! - JZ, 8.11.85. – We have not yet seriously enough tried to turn conventional or “modern” and “scientific” war it quite rightful police actions against the main war criminals only. – JZ, 21.8.08. - VICTORY, WARFARE ONLY AGAINST THE REAL ENEMIES.

WAR: In war everybody is a prisoner, the historian Henennemores had written. – Ursula K. Le Guin, Old Music and the Slave Woman, p.37 in: Far Horizons, ed. by Robert Silverberg, an Orbit Book, 1999. In quite rightful defensive or liberating wars against a despotic territorial regime, every person on the other side, who, on his own, is peaceful and tolerant, but now exists as a captive of his regime, as a conscript or forced laborer, becomes a natural ally of all the rightful enemies of his regime, a person to be liberated, in a quite rightful way, rather than being treated, under the principle of collective responsibility, as an enemy, and thus killed or formally imprisoned as a POW. At present almost all people are also largely prisoners of their own fixed territorialist ideas and territorialist laws and institutions. At first a mental revolution or enlightenment is required to break out of these mental prisons and their despotic methods, actions and aims. But this mental revolution or enlightenment must deal with all the liberation techniques required, military, policing, monetary and financial ones. All the freedom and liberation, revolution, military insurrection etc. alternatives must become sufficiently studied, discussed, improved and published, including even how a unilateral disarmament of ABC mass murder devices could be effectively carried out by the targeted people themselves, rather than being merely promised by their territorial rulers. Those, whom “we” (“our” policy makers) so far mistreated wrongly as POWs or civilian victims of our bombing raids, should be treated as, potentially, our best allies or as neutral persons. Even the conscripts of a dictatorship are, largely, involuntary victims of it. And all tax slaves should be liberated, too. All subjects of territorial constitutions, laws, jurisdictions and institutions should be given the opportunity to opt out, which is their basic right and liberty to escape the worst forms of statism and associationism. Neither private nor official Mafias or fanatic sects should have compulsory members. Panarchism or polyarchism offers an escape route and asylum for every innocent political prisoner in countrywide nationalistic territorial prisons. Conscripts are essentially innocent prisoners, too, captured in military institutions. So are taxpayers, captured by tribute levying territorial States. So are involuntary school slaves. The central banks have captured and withheld from us our free exchange options for our goods, labor and services. – Before and during wars panarchistic governments and societies in exile could largely help us to mobilize these allies. - JZ, 29.9.07, 13.5.14. & PRISONERS, CONSCRIPTS, DESERSION, CAPTIVE NATIONS, SUPPRESSED MINORITIES OR EVEN A SUPPRESSED MAJORITY, SECRET ALLIES, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, PANARCHISM, LIBERTARIAN WAR AIMS & WARFARE, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, POW TREATMENT

WAR: In war, the stronger overcome the weaker. In business, the stronger imparts strength to the weaker.” - Frederic Bastiat. - In war the more free side, via liberation and revolutionary warfare methods, can overcome the militarily stronger side. It can even turn the conscripts of a dictatorship into its allies. - JZ, 9.4.11. - & BUSINESS, CAPITALISM, MARKET, BIG BUSINESS, CORPORATIONS, MULTINATIONALS, INTERNATIONAL CORPORATIONS, FREE TRADE, WAR AIMS, DESERTION, POW TREATMENT, LIBERATION, PANARCHISM, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS FOR CAPTIVE NATIONS, PROTECTIONISM, STRENGTH, WEAKNESS

WAR: In war, whichever side may call itself the victor, there are no winners, but all are losers. – Neville Chamberlain, 1869-1940. - VICTORY, WINNERS, LOSERS

WAR: In wars and crimes the current practices have to become reversed. More bad people have to die than good ones and as far as possible, no good ones at all. – JZ, 30.8.87. – WARFARE OR POLICE ACTIONS AGAINST THE REAL ENEMIES ONLY? TYRANNICIDE, WAR CRIMINALS, AGGRESSORS, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM ON ALL SIDES AT PRESENT

WAR: Indeed, war is the natural fruit of the way in which communities conduct their normal lives in a state of what is called peace, by which is meant no more than the present and temporary absence of war.” - R. V. Sampson, The Discovery of Peace, p.1. – Compare Clausewitz: “War is the continuation of politics with other means.” One should, rather, speak of territorial politics as the continuation of war with other means – and of war as the continuation of territorial politics with other means. – JZ, 20.8.08, 9.4.11. - PEACE, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

WAR: indeed, we know that one Professor suggested at a recent Nietzsche anniversary that the Germans should try to rise not to Supermen but to Men, and that another now lies in prison for explaining in his “Biologie des Krieges” that the real objection to war is simply that it compels men to act unlike men.” – Israel Zangwill, 1864-1926, in “The Wisdom of Israel”, ed. by Lewis Browne, p. 563. First published 1948, then 1949, 1955, 1960 and as First Sour Square Edition: 1962. - AGGRESSIVENESS? MAN, MEN, HUMAN NATURE

WAR: individuality cannot prosper under the constant threat of total war.” – Felix Morley, Individuality and the General Will, p.131 in “Essays on Individuality”, ed. by Felix Morley. – Individuality must prosper to end the constant threat of total war. – JZ, 17.2.81. – Even to the extent of finally declaring and practising all individual rights and liberties, including individual sovereignty or self-ownership, individual secessionism, full monetary freedom and voluntary taxation as well as voluntary membership in States, societies and communities, under personal laws and without any territorial monopoly. JZ, 20.8.08. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUALISM, SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW OPTIONS

WAR: Introduce peace into war, step by step! Some such steps: 1.) Accept deserters and refugees, as friends, allies or neutrals and provide them with jobs and the government or society in exile of their own individual choice, under full exterritorial autonomy. 2.) Declare quite rightful peace aims. 3.) Publish a comprehensive declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties. 4.) Pay for war needs, even in occupied zones, with financial freedom bonds. (*) 5.) No wrongful and senseless slaughters and destructions. 6.) Spare non-combatants. 7.) Conclude separate peace treaties. 8.) Allow soldiers and officers to negotiate peace terms. 9.) Trade with the “enemy” or, rather, with his subjects, in peaceful goods. 10.) Communication to be free at least for rightful war and peace aims and appeals between the forces set against each other by territorial governments. 11.) Deny the authority of any government to force its subjects into a war. 12.) Buy the weapons of the opposing soldiers from them at market prices, when they defect and bring them with them. 13.) Act with severe discrimination against the main war criminals only. 14.) Respect the human rights even of the enemy-regime’s soldiers and citizens. 15) Bomb cities with food, chocolates, toys and medicines rather than with high explosives or fire bombs. – 16.) Treat only the fanatics and fundamentalists as P.O.W.’s. - I am aware that this list is still very incomplete. - JZ, 28.3.73, 26.8.08, 9.4.11. – (*) Anticipating the privatization of all governmental capital assets. Also with tax foundation money for a liberation tax, which would lead to corresponding credits when the despotic government assets are finally privatized. – JZ, 13.5.14. - DESERTION, POW’s, WAR & PEACE AIMS, LIBERATION, DEFENCE, WARFARE

WAR: Is man so particularly good at controlling his Might and his Ferocity and his Property? What does he do? He massacres the members of his own species like a cannibal! Do you know that it has been calculated that, during the years between 1100 and 1900, the English were at war for four hundred and nineteen years and the French for three hundred and seventy-three? Do you know that Lapouge has reckoned that nineteen million men are killed in Europe in every century, so that the amount of blood spilled would feed a fountain of blood running seven hundred litres an hour since the beginning of history? And let me tell you this, dear sir. War, in Nature herself outside of man, is so much a rarity that it scarcely exists. In all those two hundred and fifty thousand species, there are only a dozen or so which go to war. If Nature every troubled to look at man, the little atrocity, she would be shocked out of her wits.” - T. H. White, The Book of Merlyn, p.121. – It is not human nature that causes the atrocity but the intolerance of the territorial Warfare State and its leaders. – JZ, 25.8.08. - TERRITORIALISM

WAR: Is there any man here or any woman – let me say, is there any child – who does not know that the seed of war in the modern world is industrial and commercial rivalry? - Woodrow Wilson, Speech in St. Louis, Sep. 5, 1919. – Free trade is peace promoting while protectionism leads to international clashes, out of its errors and prejudices. – JZ, 28.4.13. - IGNORANCE, PREJUDICES, CAUSES OF WAR, COMMERCIAL RIVALRY, PROTECTIONISM RATHER THAN FREE TRADE LEADS TO WARS.

WAR: Is there something more absurd than wars, in which men, against their will and upon command of others, mutually slaughter each other?” – View ascribed to Robert Owen in p.48 of Dr. Erwin Hasselman, Robert Owen.

WAR: Is war a biological necessity? As regards the earliest cultures the answer is emphatically negative. The blow of the poisonous dart from behind a bush, to murder a woman or a child in their sleep, is not pugnacity. Nor is head-hunting, body-snatching, or killing for food instinctive or natural.” – Bronislaw Malinowski – MAN, HUMAN NATURE, AGGRESSIVENESS

WAR: it is easier to let loose the dogs of war than to catch and kennel them again.” – Encyclopedia Britannica, 1959 ed., on Crimean War.

WAR: It is enough to look at the statistics of mobilization in man power, in activity, and in public opinion to realize that at present it has become possible to transform some hundred million human beings into one enormous war machine. And it is obvious that when two war machines of this size are launched against each other, the one with the less perfect and total mobilization is bound to succumb. – Bronislaw Malinowski, An Anthropological Analysis of War, in WAR – Studies from Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, rev. and enlarged edition, ed. by Leon Bramson & George W. Goethals, Basic Books, Inc., Publishers, New York, London, 1968, p.264. – Here he ignores e.g. the possibility of targeting only e.g. the few ball bearing industries and blast furnaces, both required for any prolonged technological warfare, apart from declaring, in time, quite rightful war and peace aims, attractive to the victims on both sides, leading to defections, desertions, fraternization, tyrannicide, liberating revolutions and military insurrections, including tyrannicide. Civilians and soldiers are merely considered as property of the rulers or clay in their hands, although they do vastly outnumber the members of any criminal and aggressive government. Air-drops of food, medicines, toys etc. win friends rather than enemies, especially for those with quite rightful peace aims. – JZ, 20.2.13. - UNDER TERRITORIALISM & ITS POWERS, INFLATION, TAXATION, PUBLIC DEBT, CONSCRIPTION, FORCED LABOR, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, DES., MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, REVOLUTIONS, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, POW TREATMENT, LIBERATION, DEFENCE, AGGRESSION, CONQUESTS, DECLARATION OF QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS

WAR: It is essentially the socially maladjusted civilian who is happiest in wartime – his problems are shelved, the difficulties of his personal relationships are superseded: the criminal can redeem himself by enlisting his delinquency on the popular side: the paranoiac is at grips with an enemy whom others beside himself recognize and revile. The adjusted individual finds his entire life disorganized, his family broken up, his liberty curtailed and his protests regarded as treasonable. War is essentially the playground of the psychopath in society. The intermediate majority experiences both aspects of war, and in societies like our own, which traditionally condemn personal violence, guilt as a reaction to war is widespread. The majority of participants accept the over-simplified version of the issues, often after severe mental struggle, because they see no alternative – they fail, however to accept the institution or its implications.” – Alex Comfort, “Authority and Delinquency. A study in the psychology of power”, 1950, 1970, p.64, a book largely on the delinquency of authority. – Alas, kept out of print & off the Web for all too long. - JZ, 15.5.06. & PSYCHOPATHS

WAR: It is forbidden to kill; therefore all murderers are punished unless they kill in large numbers and to the sound of trumpets. - Voltaire, Philosophical Dictionary, 1764, article “War”, quoted in Seldes, p.540. - James Cox quoted it on Facebook, 27.2.12. - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. - The territorial State is also not good enough to capture and convict all private murderers, not even all private mass murderers, like e.g. terrorists. – In its wars it becomes the worst mass murderer. - JZ, 27.8.08, 9.4.11. - MASS MURDER, WARFARE, TERRITORIALISM, MURDERS UPON COMMAND, SOLDIERS, OFFICERS

WAR: It is formulated somewhat sharp but essentially not exaggerated to speak of every war today, even that between two nations, as being, essentially, a civil war.” - Hans Habe, Leben fuer den Journalismus, Bd. ? of 4, S.59. (“Es ist etwas zugespitzt formuliert, aber es ist nicht uebertrieben, dass heute jeder Krieg, auch zwischen zwei Nationen, im Grunde ein Buergerkrieg ist.”) – CIVILWAR: It is not fighting itself that is always the greatest evil but fighting for the wrong causes and for the purposes and profits of others, instead of only for the own basic rights and liberties, whenever that should become necessary against genuine aggressors, including, sometimes, the own territorial government. – JZ, 21.7.05. – A thought that I heard first expressed by Ulrich von Beckerath, 1882-1969. - Go far enough back into mankind's development and history and you will find that we are all related to each other. - All are descendants of the first early men and women in Africa. - To that extent all wars are fights within a very extended family. - JZ, 9.4.11. - FIGHTING, WRONG CAUSES, NO OR WRONGFUL WAR AIMS, TERRITORIALISM, CIVIL WAR, THE HUMAN FAMILY, FAMILY OF MAN, MANKIND

WAR: It is not merely cruelty that leads men to love war, it is excitement.” – Henry Ward Beecher, Proverbs from Plymouth Pulpit, 1887. – True for some men, especially those deciding upon wars without having to fight them themselves, but hardly e.g. for the conscripts and the wives, mothers, girlfriends and children. – JZ, 22.8.08. – Productive work should come closer to the most exciting challenges in a person’s life. A subordinate worker, however, experiences insufficient challenges during his working life. – JZ, 21.11.85, 9.4.11. – Thus e.g. various forms of self-management, partnerships and cooperative production could significantly reduce whatever warlike spirits still exist or mere adventure and thrill-seekers in this sphere. – JZ, 22.8.08.

WAR: It is not private outfits what fight wars and operate concentration camps, it is governments, because governments is [are – JZ] those organizations what [that? – JZ] claim the right to kill whatever [whoever? – JZ] will not do what they say. Corporations, unions, political parties, churches, God knows what, it makes [does? – JZ] no matter who gets hold of the machinery of government, they will use it and use it and use it.” – Poul Anderson, Mirkheim, p. 214. – Even his writings were, apparently, not sufficiently proof-read and corrected. – JZ, 13.5.14. -  ECONOMIC POWER, CORPORATIONS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENT, STATES, LEADERSHIP

WAR: It is not so much that a social life passed in peaceful occupations is positively moralizing as that a social life passed in war is positively demoralizing. Sacrifices of others to self is in the one incidental only, while in the other it is necessary. Herbert Spencer, The Military and the Industrial Society, in WAR – Studies from Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, rev. and enlarged edition, ed. by Leon Bramson & George W. Goethals, Basic Books, Inc., Publishers, New York, London, 1968, p.316. - VS. SOCIAL LIFE, MORALIZING & DEMORALIZING FORMS OF LIVING

WAR: It is not so much that there ought to be no fighting at all but that whatever fighting would remain would be done only for your own and quite rightful aims, i.e., against those, who would offend against your individual rights and liberties. – A thought that Ulrich von Beckerath often uttered in his own words. – Fighting for the wrongful aims and purposes of others is what makes it doubly wrong. – Men ought to fight only in their own and rightful causes, once these are attacked. - JZ, 2/83 & 23.8.98, 13.5.14. – FIGHTING, WAR AIMS, SELF-DETERMINATION, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, BEING MORE THAN A MERE TOOL IN THE HANDS OF OTHERS.

WAR: It is one of the oldest delusions that one could bring about peace by preparing for war. The means do predetermine the end. – Peace can only be brought about by systematically, morally and rationally as well as institutionally preparing for peace. – The mere absence of military fighting is still very far from indicating a genuine peace in justice and freedom. It is, usually, no more than a temporary armistice. - JZ, ca. 77 & 28.8.08. – PEACE, A GOOD ENOUGH PEACE PROGRAM IS NEEDED

WAR: It is said they fight for freedom and rights but, upon a closer look, they are serfs fighting against serfs.” – LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, Nr. 3, S.23. (“Es heisst, sie streiten sich um Freiheitsrechte, genau beseh’n sind’s Knechte gegen Knechte!”) – Often there are merely military slaves on both sides, ordered to fight each other. – JZ, 14.5.14. – CONSCRIPTION, MILTARY SERVITUDE, DESION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, SERFDOM, TERRITORIAL SUBJECTS FIGHTING AGAINST TERRITORIAL SUBJECTS, RATHER THAN BOTH AGAINST THEIR TERRITORIAL RULERS.

WAR: It is the object only of war that makes it honourable. And if there was ever a just war since the world began, it is this in which America is now engaged. … We fight not to enslave, but to set a country free, and to make room upon the earth for honest men to live in.” – Thomas Paine. – Was he, also, too diplomatic to mention slavery and the conditions of the Red Indians in this context? – Was this war fought only with rightful means? Think of its inflation and the expropriation of the royalists. - JZ, 20.8.08. – JUST WAR, LIBERATION, REVOLUTION, FREEDOM FIGHTERS, SLAVERY, RED INDIANS, AMERICAN REVOLUTION

WAR: it is the wrong ideas that cause war and not the guns and ships. Armaments and wrong ideas no doubt flourish together, but to remove the guns and ships while at the same time encouraging the wrong ideas is to hasten disasters far worse than war.” – Sir Ernest Benn, This Soft Age, p.126. – See the history of totalitarian States and their mass murders: Over 200 million people mass murdered during the last century, apart from the war victims. And now even democratic governments have “scientific” mass murder devices, targeting whole victimized peoples, not the guilty territorial governments! - Details on the mass murders during “peace” time are on the very extensive website of Prof. Rudy Rummel. – JZ, 27.7.93, 21.8.08. - ARMAMENT, DISARMAMENT, IDEAS, PREJUDICES, ERRORS, DEMOCIDE, DICTATORSHIPS, TOTALITARIANISM, MASS MURDERS, HOLOCAUST, TERRITORIALISM, NWT, TOTALITARIANISM

WAR: It is time to make an end to slaying.” – Ye Liu Chutsai, quoted by Harold Lamb, Genghis Khan, p.122.

WAR: It is wonderful with what coolness and indifference the greater part of mankind see war commenced. - Samuel Johnson, Thoughts Respecting the Falkland’s Islands, 1771. - I find it rather fearful and disgusting. – But then: What say did they ever have on such matters? – Even the Falkland Islands War, a few years ago, was not seriously considered in all its absurd territorial claims and counter-claims and actions, although it could almost have served as a model for re-considering all exclusive territorial claims and the military struggles they lead to and the alternative and voluntary forms of organization that would avoid such wrongful and senseless conflicts. - JZ, 22.8.08. – PUBLIC OPINION, ENLIGHTENMENT, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM

WAR: It provides a distortion of reality in which abnormal impulses may pass as normal, and irrational ideas achieve unquestioning acceptance. It simplifies power and administration to a series of undisputed attitudes.” - Alex Comfort, “Authority and Delinquency. A study in the psychology of power”, 1950, 1970, p.64, a book largely on the delinquency of authority. – Alas, kept out of print and off the Web for all too long. - JZ, 15.5.06. & POLITICS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATES, WARFARE METHODS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, AUTHORITARIANISM

WAR: It takes all nations to keep the peace, but it only takes one to start a war.” – Robert Heinlein, “Free Men”. – As long as “nations” are territorially organized in Warfare States there will be wars. – JZ, 27.8.08. – TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, WARFARE STATES, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, STATISM, PEACE, AGGRESSION, DEFENCE NATIONALISM

WAR: It was but chance of war.” – Sir David Lindsay, History and Testament of Squire Meldrum, I, 1832. (1550) - “The chance of war // Is equal, and the slayer oft is slain.” – Homer, Iliad, Bk. xviii, 1. 388, tr. Bryant. - “The chance of war.” – Shakespeare, Cymbeline, Act V, sc. 5, 1, 75. (1610) – What people call the chances of fortune etc. were and are all too often merely the consequences of their own criminal actions or stupid errors, prejudices and flawed laws, institutions, constitutions and ideas. – JZ, 3.7.82, 22.8.08. 9.4.11. - CHANCES, FORTUNES, LUCK, FATE, HAPPENSTANCE, ACCIDENTAL WARS, TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM, IDEOLOGIES, INTOLERANCE, STATISM

WAR: It was October, 16, 1940.Sixty sign-carrying people walked down Fifth Ave, laughed at by pedestrians. One of the signs said: DOES ANYONE WIN AT WAR?” - Nicholson Baker, Human Smoke, the Beginnings of World War II, the End of Civilization, Simon & Schuster, 2008, p.241. - VICTORY, WAR AIMS, Q.

WAR: it would take the war of 1898 and two world wars and two undeclared wars (‘police actions’ for God’s sake!) to make me realize that neither our government nor our press could be trusted with human lives.” - Robert Heinlein, “To Sail Beyond the Sunset”, p.83 in the hardback edition, chapter 6. – Since governments are not ideal to run even a police force well enough, we should not expect them to turn wars into quite rightful police actions, either. – The best of the militia ideas and practices, still to be established, in combination with the best declaration of individual rights and liberties ever, one still to be compiled, are minimum requirements for that. – Alas, both of these and many other related subjects are still quite insufficiently discussed. – JZ, 10.9.08, 14.5.14. - GOVERNMENTS, PRESS, MASS MEDIA, MILITIA, AN IDEAL DECLARATION OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, VOLUNTARISM, ENLIGHTENMENT,  SECESSIONISM, POWER, PEACE PROGRAM, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, WARFARE STATES, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

WAR: It’s a useful rule of thumb that the bloodiest personal encounters are immeasurably less murderous than even the smallest, politest, and least-lethal wars; the whole point of war is that it is killing systematized and organized in a way that private encounters just can’t be and that it is designed to include millions of people who have nothing to do with the dispute at hand.” – Robert Brakeman, REASON, 7/76, p.24. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, WARFARE STATES, NATIONALISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

WAR: It’s good we’re fighting here. It always is handy. Plain people don’t often want to kill other people.” – Lee Goodloe and Jerry Oltion, Moonsong, ANALOG, 7/89, p.81. – Underlining by me. - JZ - PEOPLE, MAN, WARLIKE? WARRIORS? NATURAL AGGRESSIVENESS? PEACEFUL PEOPLE VS. GOVERNMENTS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, WHO OR WHAT IS SERVED BY WARS? PURPOSE? REASON? MOTIVE? CAUSE?

WAR: It’s possible to be a soldier and be an honorable man. There is not doubt about that. All of history, all cultures say that. Most religions say that. A Just War is a fundamental Christian doctrine. There are chaplains of every denomination in the Army. You know why Islam stretches from Marocco to Jakarta? Jihad. The Upanishads, the holy books of the Hindus, are battle epics. Ninja are followers of Buddha. To kill is not to be evil. There is a distinction in killing. To kill without morality or honor is to be a degenerate.” - Larry Beinhart, American Hero, p.323. – But how many examples are there of quite rightful war and peace aims, quite rightfully and consistently upheld and applied even in one’s warfare methods? – JZ, 12.9.07. - DEFENCE, KILLINGS, JUSTIFIED ONES, VS. MURDER, RELIGIONS, WAR AIMS, HEROISM, NATIONALISM, POWER, POPULATION, RESOURCES, WARFARE STATES, STATISM, NATIONALISM, RELIGIONS

WAR: It’s we who are behind the times. Had we not abandoned our original ideas of political freedom, freedom from politics, war would have been outmoded by now. It is an uneconomic exchange.” – Joan Marie Leonard, THE FREEMAN, 3/77. – PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, META-UTOPIA, POLYARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL & GROUP SECESSIONISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SELF-OWNERSHIP, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PERSONAL LAW, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: It’s worth noting, no nation every declared war on another.” - Sawyer/Wilshire, One Man Band, The best of Peter Sawyer, whistle blower, edited by Brian Wilshire, 1996, Brian Wilshire, PO Box 209, Round Corner NSW 2158, ISBN # 0 646 265117 2, p.87. – Actually, only national governments did. If a referendum on the subject had been held then war hawks would, usually, have lost it. – JZ, 25.3.09. – DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY ON WAR & PEACE, TERRITORIALISM, LEADERSHIP OR MISLEADERSHIP? PEOPLES, DECLARATION OF WAR BY GOVERNMENTS, STATISM

WAR: Jaw, not war.” – Dr. Soper, 29.5.89. – But, certainly not the professional diplomatic way – merely preparing the road for the next war. – Individuals and communities of volunteers were so far left out of such discussions. It would make much more sense to leave out all the territorial political leaders. – JZ, 4.6.82, 22.8.08, 9.4.11. – DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY ON WAR & PEACE, WAR AIMS, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, ALL PANARCHISTICALLY ORGANIZED FOR VOLUNTEERS ONLY, PEACE NEGOTIATIONS, PEACE CONFERENCES, POLYARCHISM

WAR: John T. Flynn, in his book “As We Go Marching”, observed that the welfare state and the warfare state are intimately related. War and welfare are the two great means of consolidation of power in the hands of the central government. The welfare policies of Roosevelt live on to haunt us and his foreign policy of global interventionism has become the accepted policy of both liberals and conservatives.” - Jim Lewis, “Liberty Reclaimed”, p.46. - POWER, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, WELFARE STATE, WARFARE STATE, INTERVENTIONISM, FOREIGN POLICY, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES BETWEEN PEOPLES, BASED UPON QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR & PEACE AIMS

WAR: Karl Hess … pointed out the perverted priorities we have when thousands and millions of people die to national armies and there is little resistance while individual murderers and murders get all the attention.” – NEW LIBERTARIAN WEEKLY, 13.3.77. – Most people still believe something can be done about murderers. Few believe the same about warfare that murders many more people. – Territorialism and its decision-making monopolies are taken for granted. - JZ, 19.4.89, 24.8.08, 9.4.11. - MURDERS & MASS MURDERS, TERRITORIALISM, DECION-MAKING MONOPOLY

WAR: Kill one man and you are a murderer. Kill millions and you are a conqueror. Kill all and you are God. - Jean Rostand - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. - MURDER, MASS MURDER & GOD

WAR: Lagorgette, in his large and useful book “Le Rôle de Guerre”, found twelve years ago that at least one hundred and fifty definitions of war had been put forth, and since then the number has greatly increased. But there cannot be much doubt that, roughly speaking, we means by war an organized attack by the whole community on another community of the same species. (*) The combats of animals – even apart from the fact that when with members of their own species they are rarely fatal and often approximate to play – cannot be said to even remotely to resemble war. There are two notable exceptions – though even here fighting scarcely attains the exact definition of warfare – among the ants and among the bees, the only creatures that have attained a kind of culture comparable to man’s. They may also be said to be the only two groups, outside men, combining density of population with the ownership of property. These are two significant facts which we must always bear in mind when we are discussing the origin of war.” – Havelock Ellis, “Selected Essays”, “The Origin of War”, p.193. - - (*) That is one of the myths which our mis-rulers spread, in order to hide their own guilt and to justify their own wrongful warfare methods, directed against the victims of governments rather than against the guilty governments. The soldiers and civil populations on both sides are not given, officially, any choice in this matter except to fight or otherwise support the war efforts of their territorial governments, always under the pretence that this would be in the national interest and that the whole population would be at risk. It would be, rather, in the national and national, not only the humanitarian interest, of both sides, if their soldiers and civilians concluded a separate peace treaty, over the heads of their governments and, rather, united their forced in a quite rightful and limited police action, conducted by themselves, against their territorial governments, i.e. if the intended victims united and fought only against their own governmental victimizers. Then not much fighting would have to be done. That resistance might even be quite bloodless. But how many are so far mentally and organizationally prepared to turn their guns around against the war-mongers on both sides? – JZ, 26.8.08, 9.4.11. - DEFINITIONS OF WAR, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES, PEOPLE VS. GOVERNMENTS, SOLDIERS VS. THEIR OWN GOVERNMENTS, UPRISINGS TO ACHIEVE PEACE, REVOLUTION, DISOBEDIENCE, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PEACE PROGRAM, UNDERLINING BY ME: JZ

WAR: Laws are silent in time of war.” – Cicero, Pro Milone, 62 B.C. - But they should not be. Since Cicero’s time we have developed some sort of law even for warfare, just like we have for any sport. “Anything goes” is no longer correct by international law, even though some governments and their officers and soldiers still seem to think so. – That there is a category of criminals, called “war criminals”, is by now widely recognized. - JZ, 22.8.08. – WARFARE, INDISCRIMINATE WARFARE, WAR-CRIMINALS, INTERNATIONAL LAW

WAR: Leave untended the herd, // The flock without shelter; // Leave the corpse uninterred, // The bride at the altar; // Leave the deer, leave the steer, // Leave nets and barges; // Come with your fighting gear, // Broadswords and targes.” (shields – JZ)  – Walter Scott, Pibroch of Donald Dhu, 1816. - WHY? Is there any good reason or motive or excuse for such a wrongful and absurd behavior? – JZ, 22.8.08. – MOTIVES, REASONS, EXCUSES, PRETENSES & ORDERS FOR WAR, MOBILIZATION, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, ORDERS, GOVERNMENTALISM, STATISM, NATIONALISM, TERRITORIALISM VS. VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM

WAR: Let us have no more nonsense about capitalism causing war. Any schoolboy knows that Spartans made war. Men living in communism and under all forms of Government have always made war.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.58. – At least sociologists and anthropologists know of a few dozen peaceful tribes. The Eskimos had not wars. – Man is not by nature aggressive but institutions and hunger or criminal inclinations, the lure of plunder, can make him aggressive, while still all too under-enlightened, like infants and children are. - JZ, 14.5.14. - CAPITALISM, COMMUNISM, MAN, HUMAN NATURE, AGGRESSIVENESS? GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, WARFARE STATES, CAUSES OF WARS

WAR: Living in appeasement under a dictator’s yoke has all the sanguinary possibilities of war without the chance of redemption by battle.” – Dagobert D. Runes, “A Dictionary of Thought.” – Some battles have saved lives, when the enemy forces was intending extermination. But has any battle ever brought full liberty and all rights? How often were the achievements of battles worth the human sacrifices involved? Would not peace, free production and free trade made all participants better off? – JZ, 14.4.14. - APPEASEMENT, DICTATORSHIP, RESISTANCE, REVOLUTION, LIBERATION, MILITARY UPRISING, REVOLUTION, PUTSCH, REDEMPTION BY BATTLE?


WAR: Make money, not war.” – Denise Keeney Bodey, TIME, Feb. 11, 1980. – Are the big money-makers really the big peace-makers? – How many of them did even sell arms and computer technology to dictatorships? – JZ, 20.8.08. - Make money not war!” – PLAIN TRUTH – magazine. - Make money by producing still more weapons for still more wars? - If you were to issue our own private money and found satisfied acceptors for it, redeeming it in your goods and services, then you would actually do much to promote peace. However, by merely working for the government’s monopoly money you do, whether you like it or not, also promote war to some extent. – JZ, 27.8.08. - By now territorial governments are, probably, the largest arms producers and traders. - JZ, 9.4.11. – Mostly, it takes territorial governments to make wars. – JZ, 14.5.14. - ARMAMENT PROFITS, ARMS RACES, THE MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: Man was born out of war, it was believed, and his whole civilization is based on war. A little reflection might have suggested that a creature so helpless in his native state as man, and with a more prolonged infancy than any other creature, was hardly likely, if ontogeny reproduces phylogeny, to have been the outcome of war.” – Havelock Ellis, Selected Essays, p.191. - MAN, HUMAN NATURE, AGGRESSIVENESS, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM,

WAR: Mankind must put an end to war or war will put an end to mankind. John F. Kennedy quoted by Judy Morris, on Facebook, 25.2.12. - PEACE, NWT.

WAR: mass slaughter is the way to get deeper and deeper into the difficulty. - John Hargraves, Words Win Wars, 1940, p. 208. – WARFARE, AIR RAIDS, INDISCRIMINATE BOMBING, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

WAR: Mexican War: “We come to overthrow the tyrants who have destroyed your liberties, but we come to make no war upon the people of Mexico.” – Zachary Taylor, Proclamation to the people of Mexico.” – Alas, more than such rhetoric was involved. See the following remarks: 1.) “Base in object, atrocious in beginning, immoral in all its influence, vainly prodigal of treasure and life, it is a war of infamy, which must blot the pages of our history”. – Charles Sumner, Speech in Boston, Nov. 5, 1946. – 2.) “The war has not been waged with a view to conquest.” – James Polk, Message to Congress, Dec. 8, 1846. – 3.) “I believe it to be a war of pretexts, a war in which the true motive is not distinctly avowed, but in which pretenses, afterthoughts, evasions and other methods are employed to put a case before the community which is not the true case”. – Daniel Webster, Speech in Springfield, Mass., Sept. 29, 1847. – 4.) To this day [I] regard the war as one of the most unjust ever waged by a stronger against a weaker nation. It was an instance of a republic following the bad example of European monarchies, in not considering justice in their desire to acquire additional territory”. – U.S. Grant, Personal Memoirs, III, 1885. – TERRITORIALISM, USA, IMPERIALISM, WARFARE STATES & THEIR LIES & PRETENSES

WAR: Military people need something or someone they can give loyalties; few men ever risked their lives for a ‘standard of living’ and there is nothing stupider than dying for one’s standard of living – unless it’s dying for someone else’s.” – Jerry Pournell, “A Step Farther Out”, I/148. – LOYALTY, OBEDIENCE, SOLDIERS, MORALE, SACRIFICES, STUPIDITY, HUMAN SACRIFICES

WAR: Minor Violence Leads to Major ViolenceThere is another way to demonstrate the inevitability of seemingly minor violence (*) leading to major violence. Responsibility and authority go hand in hand. If, for example, you accept the financial responsibility for a widowed sister you assume a commensurate authority over her expenditures, or risk bankruptcy. It is no different in society. When we as citizens turn over to the state an item in the responsibility of our welfare, the state assumes a proportionate authority over our lives. Thus, as we turn over to the state item after item of our own welfare responsibilities, we eventually arrive at the all-responsible (**) state. When we reach this point we will have over us, ipso facto, the all-authoritarian state. At the head of this state will be a gangster, a craftsman in violence, by reason of the nature of the job to be done: administering violence. Authoritarian states are, of necessity, headed by tyrants. Tyrants make wars. Logic says that they must. History confirms that they do.” – Leonard E. Read, Instead of Violence, p.24. Underlining by me. - This deduction overlooks that we had tyrants long before we had Welfare States. However, it is true that most tyrannies, except those established by conquests, putsches and military uprisings, are usually established gradually, step by step. Moreover, tyrannies have already the authoritarianism and centralism, monopolies and coercion of territorial States in common even with democracies, republics and constitutional monarchies and would have them in common even with the supposedly ideal but still territorial “limited” governments that most libertarians aim at. – (*) By territorial governments! – (**) And thus quite irresponsible State! - JZ, 28.8.08. – WELFARE STATE, AUTHORITARIANISM, VIOLENCE, AUTHORITARIANISM, TYRANNY, VIOLENCE, LEADERSHIP, GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, WELFARE STATE, STATE SOCIALISM, STATISM, TOTALITARIANISM, POLITICIANS AS GANSTERS, THE GREATEST PROTECTION RACKET, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS, RULERS, DICTATORS, TYRANTS

WAR: Modern wars are mainly lost by both sides, though it takes a while for this to be realized.” – James J. Martin, “A ‘Good War’ It Wasn’t”, THE JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL REVIEW, Spring 90, p.73. – One should also always distinguish between a victory over a government and a victory over the diverse peoples in most populations. The victory over a government might largely mean at least a degree of liberation of those peoples that this government had seriously suppressed. – JZ, 20.8.08. – When the Nazi regime was finally defeated, e.g. its inflation was continued for another 3 years and East Germany as well as most of Eastern Europe, including Poland, for whose liberation the WW II began, were exposed to decades of another totalitarian regime, Stalin’s. – JZ, 15.4.14. – WAR AIMS, VICTORIES, PART LIBERATIONS, NEVER COMPLETE ONES, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, COERCION & XYZ MONOPOLIES & WRONGFUL INTERVENTIONS REMAIN, “PEACE” WITHOUT FULL FREEDOM & JUSTICE, ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

WAR: Most battles amount to attempts at mutual mass murders, mostly of innocent people, driven into such situations against their will, forced to fight each other, without a trial, with no pardon granted or refusal or escape option, in all too many cases. None of the victims on both sides had any real say on whether there should be a war and against whom and for what. They are all treated as puppets by their puppet masters, or as expendable property or sacrifices. But they are armed and potentially dangerous. They could turn their arms around and fight their masters. They could desert or let themselves be taken prisoners or mass-fraternize and achieve mutually satisfactory peace conditions between them, over the heads of their rulers. But this requires much thinking, discussion and publicity, much in advance of such situations, like any successful and quite rightful military uprising or revolution. With such thinking the military slaves of territorial governments could be turned into efficient genuine peace makers, i.e. real patriots. – JZ, 1.1.04, 31.10.07. - BATTLES, AIR RAIDS, ARTILLERY FIRE, AREA BOMBING, WARFARE METHODS, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, SELF-LIBERATION AGAINST WARFARE STATES, TERRITORIALISM, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, SERFS, MERE SUBJECTS OR TOOLS, NEVER FOR QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS, DECLARED TRUSTWORTHILY & IN TIME

WAR: Most government give foreign people more reasons for warring against them than for keeping the peace with them. Territorial governments can’t help doing this. By their very nature they are aggressive rather than protective, even towards many to most of their own subjects. – JZ, 8.12.85. – WAR AIMS, DEFENCE, LIBERATION, DES., REVOLUTIONARY WARFARE, TYRANNICIDE, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATES, AGGRESSION, WAR-MAKING POWERS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, PUBLIC DEBTS, TAXATION, MONETARY DESPOTISM

WAR: Most great catastrophes are man-made. The greatest scourge of all is war. War not only destroys property and men’s minds, it sears their souls. There has never been a war which did not result in degeneracy of manners, morals and spiritual values.” – Admiral Ben Moreell, The Admiral’s Log II, p.15. - Abortion has probably even more victims. All of them quite innocent! – And their very parents are the killers, with the help of the law and medical professionals! - JZ, 27.8.08. – I deny that we would still have any wars if all individual rights were declared, understood and realized. – JZ, 14.5.14. – WAR AIMS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, PEACE, ABORTIONS VS. THE RIGHT TO LIFE OF THE MOST INNOCENT, DEMOCIDE BY TOTALITARIAN OR TYRANNICAL REGIMES, ARE ALSO OFTEN MORE BLOODY STILL & WE DO STILL HAVE MASS MURDERS MOTIVATED BY RELIGIONS! THERE ARE ALSO CA. 30 MILLION SLAVES STILL, MOSTLY SEX SLAVES & HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS OF WRONGFULLY SUBJUGATED WOMEN, WHILE ALL OF US ARE SUBJECTED TO STATISM & TERRITORIALISM, WITH THEIR NUMEROUS WRONGFUL LAWS, MONETARY & FINANCIAL DESPOTISM. A GENUINE PEACE CANNOT BE ESTABLISHED ON SUCH A FOUNDATION.

WAR: Most people are much more inclined to go to war, obediently, taxed, propagandized, lied to, uniformed, armed, organized, trained, disciplined and commanded, ignorant, prejudiced, torn from all they really love, and this for the exclusive benefit of their rulers and the false pretences of these misleaders, “representing” merely territorial Warfare States, i.e. for “causes” and against “enemies” decided for them by their own governments, rather than by themselves, instead of at least beginning to seriously ponder how they could come to live peacefully, unmolested and without molesting others, tolerant of their differences, with each free to look after his own welfare in his or hear own way, and how they could and should act to achieve and maintain such a peaceful, just, free and progressive condition. – As long as this condition and mentality persists wars will go on. - JZ, 17.4.99, 21.8.08. – LACK OF AWARENESS OF THE REQUIREMENTS OF PEACE, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, OBEDIENCE, REFUSALS TO THINK, NATIONALISM, IGNORANC, PREJUDICES, FALSE ASSUMPTIONS & CONCLUSIONS

WAR: Most people believe the achievements of war more important than those of peace, but this is a mistake.” (Cum prelique arbitrentur res bellicas majores esse quam urbanas, minuenda est haec opinion.) – Cicero, De Officiis, Bk.I, ch. 22, sec.74. – That error is still all too much alive – more than 2000 years later! – JZ, 22.8.08. - ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE BEST RFUTATIONS,

WAR: Most wars are fought to achieve some form of unity without full individual consent. – JZ, 19.2.73. – TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, TOLERANCE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, ENFORCED UNITY, WARFARE STATES

WAR: Nation states would assemble their armies and navies and send them off to do battle over some damned fool issue or other - afterwards it would usually appear that there had been a peaceful alternative …” - Tom Clancy, Clear and Present Danger, p.482. - WARFARE STATES, STATISM, NATIONALISM, TERRITORIALISM, WAR AIMS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY

WAR: NATIONAL DEFENCE: What about national defense? Isn’t the nation safe from foreign enemies only because of the government? - What is a nation? In common usage, a nation is considered to be a geographical area under the jurisdiction of a single government that isn’t a subdivision of a larger government. The government assumes responsibility for the defense of the geographical area and makes all decisions regarding armed conflict with outsiders. - If there were no government, there’d be no nation. And if there were no nation, there’d be nothing to defend. (*) - If that sounds too simple, think about it. No aggressor conquers a nation by overcoming every single inhabitant and occupying every part of the geographical area. It would be far too expensive to do so. (**) - Instead, the aggressor applies force against the country until the government of that nation surrenders. Then the aggressor takes over the existing governmental machinery to enforce the occupation. If no such machinery existed, how could it enforce the occupation?” – Harry Browne, How I found Freedom, p.96. - (*) ??? JZ, 27.8.08. - (**) Could individual defenders have stopped the Nazi’s war machine? – Could the Jewish families that were arrested, have defended themselves separately and successfully? - JZ, 27.8.08. - GOVERNMENTALISM, AGGRESSION, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, NATIONALISM, WAR & PEACE AIMS, MANY INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES ARE STILL TO BE DECLARED & REALIZED & A SUITABLE MILITIA FOR THEIR PROTECTION IS STILL TO BE ESTABLISHED. WARFARE STATES, Q.

WAR: National governments are the only agencies on earth capable of waging wars. It is a cliché, but it is nevertheless the truth, that people do not start wars, only governments do. My thesis is that the legal monopoly on the use of force and weapons of defense should be taken away from the state. As long as the weapons monopoly remains in the hands of paranoid generals and politicians in Washington, the threat of war will always be imminent.” – Jerome Tuccille, Radical Libertarianism, p.86. - DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, WEAPONS MONOPOLY, POLITICIANS, GENERALS, POWER ADDICTION, TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATES

WAR: Nations and individuals should treat each other in such a fashion that there can be no excuse for a fight.” – E. W. Howe, Sinner Sermons, 1926, p.47. - He, too, managed to overlook that “nations” and most “individuals” have no say on this matter, even in the supposedly most free countries. – JZ, 20.8.08. – WAR AIMS, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, DIPLOMACY, MINISTERS FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW VS. TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

WAR: Neither President Bush nor Saddam Hussein nor their territorial regimes were worth fighting for. Nor is any other territorial democracy, which is practised over all too many and very diverse dissenters, who would often rather fight or otherwise resist than submit to the outcome of “free” majority voting and decision-making. The most important decisions for whole populations are, usually, made by all too few people, as their constitutional and legalized monopoly. Thus let us rather fight or resist all such territorial leaders and their territorial systems rather than fight among ourselves. We should do so on the common basis of agreeing to finally let each individual or group have the government or non-governmental society of his, her or their own free choice, but none of these should be granted any territorial monopoly. On that basis all of us, no matter how different we, or our systems are, could peacefully coexist and then we could also very extensively trade with each other, to the extent that we do desire this. In many countries full religious liberty and tolerance are already introduced, even among people who formerly used to be quite intolerant and murderous fanatics. Tolerance for tolerant actions and experiments would also work for political, economic and social systems, all practised only at the expense and risk of their believers. It would accelerate enlightenment as much as is possible for human beings, in these spheres as well. – Even in territorial democracies, in which the leaders, like formerly the absolute monarchs, are still allowed to decide on war and peace. These States are, thereby, as already Immanuel Kant stated, really despotic regimes. – But there are differences between genuine tyrants and democratically elected despots. The former deserve tyrannicide. The latter can still be unseated peacefully, i.e. without executing or assassinating them, at least by a majority vote in the next election. – Their territorial, monopolistic and powerful offices are the greatest wrongness involved and thus these offices ought to be abolished, for they produce more and more misleading leaders, again and again. – Even in territorial democracies and republics, as Hayek pointed out in “The Road to Serfdom”, “the worst rise to the top.” - JZ, 17.2.03, 21.10.07. – A real “mouthful” this, too. Can one reduce it to some attractive slogans? – JZ, 21.10.07. - TYRANTS, MEN IN POWER, DICTATORS, MEN WITH DECISION-MAKING POWER ON WAR & PEACE AIMS, QUITE RIGHTFUL ONES. TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, WRONGFUL POWERS

WAR: Never think that war, no matter how necessary, nor how justified, is not a crime. – Ernest Hemingway. – The fallacies involved here consist e.g. in not distinguishing a) between aggression and defence, b) between territorial governments and the various peoples subjected to all of them. c) not considering quite rightful war, liberation, revolution and peace aims. - The essential crime involved lies in the organization and maintenance of the territorial Warfare States, even during their so-called “peace” periods, that are really merely temporary armistices. – JZ, 1.9.08, 9.4.11.

WAR: noideology, no power, no pride, nothing’s worth blackening this beautiful world we got and frying little children alive.” – Poul Anderson, Dialogue with Darkness, p.11. – Define your war and peace aims, individual rights and liberties, enemies and allies, including secret allies, defence, aggression and “weapons”, individual vs. collective responsibility, rightful targets, properly and you might thus end wars. But with incomplete or muddled ideas only muddled and murderous actions result. – JZ, 26.8.08. - The atrocities of wars, their mass-murderous and mass-destructive nature, have never as yet succeeded in preventing them, while all the war-promoting characteristics of territorial States were continued. - JZ, 9.4.11. – ATROCITIES, DETERRENCE, NWT, ACCIDENTAL NUCLEAR WAR, ARMS RACES, WARFARE STATES, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, MILITIA, STATISM, NATIONALISM, TERRITORIALISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

WAR: No man who witnessed the tragedies of the last war, no man who can imagine the unimaginable possibilities of the next war, can advocate war out of irritability or frustration or impatience.” – John F. Kennedy, Veteran Day Address, Arlington National Cemetery, Nov.11.1961. – How many other wars, other than world wars, were there since 1945? Annually 30 to 90 occurred, according to some reports. Naturally, some of were conducted for several years. – JZ, 14.5.14.

WAR: No one who sees the plain fact that all moral and spiritual values of human life are in the individual, can possibly see any spiritual value in war.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.59. – MORALITY, INDIVIDUALISM, VALUES

WAR: No one wins a war. Each side is a loser.” – Sir Roden Cutler, SUNDAY TELEGRAPH, 19.4.92. – VICTORY? WINNERS? ALL LOSERS!

WAR: No protracted war can fail to endanger the freedom of a democratic country. – Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, transl. Henry Reeve, Cambridge, Sever & Francis, 1863, chapter ON WAR, SOCIETY, AND THE MILITARY. – A country is just a geographical unit, usually territorially organized by a government, always without full individual consent of its victims. At most its territorial government has temporary and ever changing majority support or those allowed to vote. The minors are among the main victims of wars – and they have no vote on them at all. Only individual can have rights and liberties – and no democratic territorial government has even bothered so far, to declare, recognize and respect all individual rights and liberties. To that extent it is very premature to speak of “freedom in democratic country.” – Freedom and rights are so important that recognition of and respect for merely some of them, to some extent, is by far not enough. - JZ, 25.2.13, 14.5.14. - DEMOCRACY & FREEDOM, ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES ARE REQUIRED

WAR: no war can be just, unless a war to which we are compelled in the sole cause of freedom.” – Lord Acton, Lectures on the French Revolution, ed. by Figgis & Laurence, MacMillan, 1932, p.4. – Under full freedom societies do have other effective means to defend themselves than an outright war, civil war or violent and bloody revolution. – However, in its absence, in ignorance of it or under prejudices against it, these further calamities are among the inevitable consequences of the present state of affairs, especially of territorial and statist rule. - JZ, 1.10.07, 9.4.11. – Panarchistic programs, and appeals, when used, do have at least the potential to reduce wars, civil wars and revolutions to rightful police actions against the main criminals, the ruling territorial statists and to sufficiently unite all their enemies for this, however diverse they are in their other aspirations, for their own kinds of personal law systems for their volunteers. – JZ, 15.5.14, 16.5.14. - JUST WAR OR POLICE ACTIONS, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, & FREEDOM, RIGHTFUL POLICING & LIBERATION ACTIONS & MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW, WITH BACKING FROM ALL EXCEPT THE TERRITORIAL WARFARE STATES, STATISTS, TOTALITARIANS & NATIONALISTS

WAR: No war is for the people.” – From Film: “Strangers at Sunrise.” – But almost every war is against the diverse peoples on both sides, rather than against their warmongering and power-addicted territorial governments! – JZ, 24.8.08, 9.4.11, 15.5.14. – PEOPLE, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW CHOICES VS. TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, NATIONALISM, COERCIVE COLLECTIVISM, GOVERNMENTS, RULERS, PRIME MINISTERS, PRESIDENTS & THEIR WRONGFUL POWERS OVER WHOLE POPULATIONS

WAR: No war is or has been my war. – JZ, 7.3.87.

WAR: No, we won’t forget that we have real enemies, that greed and cruelty and hate keep evil alive in human hearts. But we also won’t forget that there never has been a war that left the world a better place – that even the “good” wars exact a terrible price in both blood and treasure, in lost years and squandered lives. If there can be another way, a better way, let us be the ones to uncover it.” - Arthur C. Clarke & Michael Kube-McDowell, The Trigger, Harper/Collins Publishers, 1999, p.162. - Alas, so far no war was good enough in its war and peace aims and its warfare and liberation actions to be reduced to a mere policing actions against the main war criminals. – I would drop “greed” from the list, when it is not supported by monopolies and add intolerance and collective responsibility notions and numerous other popular prejudices as actions and opinions to be opposed. You make your own list of enemies and then let us compare them. Even aggression, weapons and defence have still to become properly defined. - JZ, 29.9.07, 15.5.14. – NWT

WAR: Nobody has ever succeeded in keeping nations at war except by lies.” – Salvador de Madariaga Quoted Burton Stevenson, The Home Book of Quotations and in Seldes, “The Great Quotations”. – Even the popular notions of nations are merely lies. Nothing that is not quite voluntary deserves the term national argued Caroline Chisholm. – JZ, 15.5.14. - LIES, PROPAGANDA, WAR PROPAGANDA, NATIONS OF VOLUNTEERS VS. NATIONS OF COMPULSORY TERRITORIAL COLLECTIVES OF XYZ DIFFERENT SUBJECTS, IN ALL THEIR VARIETIES, WRONGLY CALLE “THE PEOPLE”, AS IF THEY WERE A UNIFORM BODY OF HUMANS, A GENUINE & SINGLE ENTITY

WAR: Not a continuation but a failure of policy.” – Anatol Rapoport  – Quoted in Shimon Tzabar: The White Flag Principle, p.18. - I see it as a continuation of territorial statist monopolies, powers and policies. - JZ, 9.4.11. - TERRITORIALISM, TAXATION, MONETARY DESPOTISM, STATISM, PROTECTIONISM,

WAR: Of all the enemies to public liberty," he said, "war is, perhaps, the most to be dreaded, because it comprises and develops the germ of every other. War is the parent of armies; from these proceed debts and taxes; and armies, and debts, and taxes are the known instruments for bringing the many under the domination of the few ... No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare." – James Madison. - Mr. Madison proceeded to describe the bloated executive that war produces. Could he have foreseen the day when a president makes war without a congressional declaration? These days we have "consultation" or, at best, debate after the president has committed the country to war. - "War," Madison continued, "is in fact the true nurse of executive aggrandizement. In war, a physical force is to be created; and it is the executive will, which is to direct it. In war, the public treasuries are to be unlocked; and it is the executive hand, which is to dispense them. In war, the honors and emoluments of office are to be multiplied; and it is the executive patronage under which they are to be enjoyed; and it is the executive brow they are to encircle. The strongest passions and most dangerous weaknesses of the human breast; ambition, avarice, vanity, the honorable or venal love of fame, are all in conspiracy against the desire and duty of peace." - James Madison – Quoted by? in? - No nation ever had all or any rights and liberties, because nations are no entities but thought constructs, trying to gloss over the large differences in the population of any country. – In the territories monopolistically claimed for “nations” many of the most important individual rights and liberties remain suppressed, even widely unknown and unappreciated. - JZ, 21.4.09. – Only volunteers can form genuine nations, societies and communities. – JZ, 15.5.14. - & LIBERTY, ARMED FORCES & TAXATION, PUBLIC DEBTS, RULE BY A FEW OR DIVERSE MINORITIES & EVEN MAORITIES,FREEDOM, RIGHTS, LIBERTIES, PROSPERITY, FREEDOM, WARFARE STATES, STANDING ARMIES, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, WAR & PEACE AIMS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY ON WAR & PEACE

WAR: Of the four million war-related deaths in the 1990’s, 90 % were civilian – 80 % of those were women and children.” – Mark Coulton, Herald Correspondent in New York, THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, News 17 of Sat., June 24, 06, - & THE MURDER OF CIVILIANS, NON-COMBATANTS

WAR: Oh! if I were Queen of France, or, still better, Pope of Rome, // I would have no fighting men abroad, no weeping maids at home // All the world should be at peace; or if kings must show their might, // Why, let them who make the quarrels be the only ones to fight.” – Charles Jeffries, Jeannette and Jeannot. – DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, FIGHTING TO BE REDUCED TO DUELS BETWEEN LEADERS

WAR: Old men declare war. But it is the youth that must fight and die.” – Herbert C. Hoover, Speech 27.6.44. – They should, rather, fight these old men. – JZ, 27.6.92. – DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES ON WAR & PEACE, TURN THE GUNS AROUND, AGAINST THE WAR MONGERS, TYRANNICIDE, LET THE LEADERS KILL EACH OTHER, NOT THEIR SUBJECTS

WAR: Once lead this people into war and they will forget there ever was such a thing as tolerance.” - Woodrow Wilson – He managed to do just that! – JZ, 21.4.09.

WAR: One does not expect to find friends in a village hit by napalm bombs.” – Source? - INDISCRIMINATE WARFARE, AIR RAIDS

WAR: One of the most fashionable notions of our times is that social problems like poverty and oppression breed wars. Most wars, however, are started by well-fed people with time on their hands to dream up half-baked ideologies or grandiose ambitions, and to nurse real or imagined grievances.” - Thomas Sowell. - DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, WAR & POVERTY, RULERS, LEADERSHIP, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS

WAR: Only governments make war.” – Hugh Frazer, 10.2.78. – Only territorial governments make war. – JZ, 28.8.08. – TERRITORIALISM,

WAR: Only lunatics and generals love war. … the Battle of the Somme … 1 July 1916, when the British Army alone lost 60,000 men, the day that finally put an end to the glory of war. … they died like flowers under the scythe. …” - John Cleary, High Road to China, Fontana/Collins, 1979, p.33. - For what? - JZ, 9.4.11. - WAR AIMS, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, HUMAN SACRIFICES

WAR: Only quite enlightened, moral and consistent libertarians could conduct a war in a way to end all wars. – But they are still an all too rare species. – JZ, 11.2.73, 23.8.08. – LIBERTARIANS, PANARCHISTS, POLYARCHISTS

WAR: Operative attitudes such as ‘unconditional surrender’ or ‘massive retaliations’, derived from exhibitionist leaders, supersede intelligent thought.” – Alex Comfort, “Authority and Delinquency. A study in the psychology of power”, 1950, 1970, p.63 a book largely on the delinquency of authority. – Alas, kept out of print & off the Web for all too long. - JZ, 15.5.06. - UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER DEMANDS & “MASSIVE RETALIATION”, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, WAR & PEACE AIMS, LEADERSHIP, TURNING WARS INTO RIGHTFUL POLICING ACTIONS, LIBERATION

WAR: Organized slaughter did not seem a sane process for arriving at political conclusions.” - Murray Leinster, The Grandfathers' War, p.14, in ASTOUNDING SF, 10/57.


WAR: Our ability to kill each other is growing faster than our productive capacity.” – Everett Reimer, School Is Dead, p.50. – Dogmatism is a plague, not only in religion but, especially, in what are considered to be the social “sciences”. - If our individual ability to kill were large enough could tyrannical, dictatorial or authoritarian rulers then survive for long? – JZ, 28.8.08. – Q., TYRANNICIDE, DESPOTISM, TOTALITARIANISM, WEAPONS, ARMED PEOPLES, MILITIA FOR THE PROTECTION OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, KILLING, LEADERSHIP, RULERS, POWER ADDICTS

WAR: Our position on foreign policy is summarized by a remark attributed to Ronald Hamoway: „I am not a pacifist, I am only opposed, in principle, to communist wars. A communist war is any war fought between governments.” – David Friedman, Manifesto, p.57. - FOREIGN POLICY, COMMUNISM, GOVERNMENTS, PACIFISM, TERRITORIALISM, COLLECTIVISM

WAR: our whole existing way of life is itself a form of war (*) and that therefore war cannot and will not be abolished by those who remain irretrievably wedded to our inegalitarian culture, however sincerely they profess their attachment to the cause of peace.” – R. V. Sampson, The Discovery of Peace, XXIII. – I would replace “inegalitarian culture” rather by “territorial, coercive and monopolistic system. - JZ, n.d. & 20.8.08. –  (*) One should also distinguish between the senseless killings and destruction of wars and the free production and exchange efforts involved to make a good living on a free market, without killing anybody or destroying anything that is useful and wanted. “A rose called by another name is still a rose.” – JZ, 15.5.14. - TERRITORIALISM, MONOPOLISM, COERCION, MAJORITY DESPOTISM, PANARCHISM, POLITICS

WAR: Patriotism is a kind of religion; it is the egg from which wars are hatched. – Guy de Maupassant (1850-1892), French Author. – One should distinguish between the patriotism of territorial and statist monopolists, coercers and collectivists and the patriotism of exterritorial, anarchist, competitors. liberators and self-managing volunteers. The rotten eggs hatch nothing but a slime and stench. – JZ, 15.5.14. – PATRIOTISM OF FREEDOM-, PEACE- & JUSTICE- LOVING PEOPLE VS. THE NATIONALISM OF STATISTS, TERRITORIALISTS, MONOPOLISTS, COERCERS & WARFARE STATISTS

WAR: People don't cause wars, governments do. Eliminate governments - hell, just eliminate conscription and taxation - and you eliminate war. Simple as that!”- L. Neil Smith, The Probability Broach, p.259. - Ignorant and prejudiced mobs can cause mass murders and wars as well. When the Pakistan government got its nuclear arsenal all too many people danced with joy in the streets of Pakistan's cities, unaware that they were doing it on future ground zero places. Only powerful territorial States are "Warfare States". - JZ, 24.1.02. - GOVERNMENTS, PEOPLE, DECISION-MAKING, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY NOTIONS, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: People find themselves at war or in an armistice called peace or threatened by nuclear war and yet neither know why nor want to find out why. – JZ, 31.5.84. – Nor are they given any say in the matter. The decision-making in this sphere is monopolized by territorial governments. All they are permitted to do is to work hard for a war, pay much in taxes for it, march to war, fight in it, get wounded, crippled, killed or taken prisoner, see their homes and lives destroyed, still more and more of their rights and liberties taken away - and all this for what? They don’t know. Their rulers never talk sufficient sense on the subject but go ahead anyhow with their aggressions or all too aggressive “defence” efforts, slaughtering more and more people, even more civilians than soldiers and now even keep masses of mass murder devices in readiness and still expect to be trusted and obeyed by their victims. – JZ, 23.8.08, 9.4.11. – DECISION-MAKING, WAR AIMS, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, OBEDIENCE, PEOPLE, GOVERNMENTS

WAR: People never go to war with each other. It is always governments that go to war with each other.” - Sudha Shenoy, 24.7.04, ISIL conference Rotarua. – Unfortunately, they do not fight and kill the each other only but rather spare each other, while they mutually kill many of their subjects and the property of these subjects. If they were only fighting each other and were effective enough in killing only each other then they would soon eliminate each other, that would be good riddance and wars would cease. All their own weapons and the weapons of all freedom loving people should only be directed against the rulers of territorial governments. – JZ, 15.5.14. -  GOVERNMENTS, DECISION, PEOPLE, TERRITORIALISM, FRATERNIZATIONS, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS AGAINST DICTATORSHIPLS, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES OVER THE HEADS OF THEIR RULERS BETWEEN ARMED FORCES OF TERRITORIAL  GOVERNMENTS ORDERED TO DESTROY EACH OTHER, AN ALLIANCE WITH ALL KINDS OF ALTERNATIVE GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS & SOCIETIES, ALL OF VOLUNTEERS ONLY, VS. THE TERRITORIAL STATIST RULERS, VOLUNTARISM, META-UTOPIA, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM VS. WARFARE STATES

WAR: People ought not to kill each other, when the stars are waiting.” – Poul Anderson, “Kings Who Die”, in “Conflict”, p.37. – There is no good reason or excuse for most wars and certainly not for any aggressive wars, even if the stars or, rather, their planets were not waiting for us. - JZ, 9.4.11. - COSMOS, UNIVERSE, SPACE RESEARCH & EXPLORATION,

WAR: Perhaps the coming wars will be fought with pens instead of swords. The sting of the pen may be no less sharp than that of the edged weapon.” - Dagobert D. Runes, “A Dictionary of Thought.” - At least the pens or typewriters, word processors and computers are not as deadly - unless e.g. the latter cause an unintended and accidental nuclear war. - JZ, 9.4.11. - APPEALS, WORDS, PENS, WAR AIMS, HUMAN RIGHTS DECLARATIONS, PUBLICITY, ETHICS, MORALITY, ENLIGHTENMENT

WAR: Politicians into the frontlines of the wars they cause! – But give them three days grace – to conclude a peace first! The most guilty ones should be the first to die in a war. – The ancient and still better proposal was: Let them fight it out, in duels between them. Immanuel Kant, in his “Eternal Peace”, brought one of their typical replies: “A smith, who has a pair of tongues, will not take the red hot iron out of the fire with his bare tongs.” – Become aware that so far you are just their tools, their human sacrifices, their tax slaves, their arms manufacturers and weapons users, their pawns, their things – and then do something about this situation, together with the territorial victims of the “mis-leaders” on the other side. - They cannot or will not agree upon quite rightful war aims. You could and you should. - JZ, 21.4.09. - EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR ALL SOCIETIES OF VOLUNTEERS! PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, WARFARE STATES

WAR: Ponder the absurdity of war: Why should the bricklayers of one nation make war upon those of another? Or the farmers, doctors, dentists, bakers, greengrocers, watchmakers, etc. upon their counterparts or other tradesmen or professionals? Why should painters, musicians, actors, sculptors, singers and sportsmen do so? Or fathers, sons, some grandparents or anyone at all? When just war- and peace-aims are properly defined and declared, then no cause or motive for war remains. – JZ, 9.10.92. – Naturally, when, instead, two or more different ruling parties declare an exclusive monopoly claim to any particular territory and all of its population, and while the populations are not given any say on this matter, then this is at quite another matter. It is then as if two or more families claimed the same house as their rightful and exclusive property. Then they are then likely to come to blows. – JZ, 21.8.08. – TERRITORIALISM, MOTIVES, WAR AIMS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, WARFARE STATES

WAR: Prisoners of war should be treated in a way so that, at least after a while, they will be saying: We have not been captured but liberated. – JZ, 27.9.81. – They can and should be turned from indoctrinated enemies into allies or at least neutrals. – JZ, 27.8.08. - If they were conscripts and actually opponents of their territorial regime, then this transformation should be much easier. - JZ, 9.4.11. - PRISONERS OF WAR, LIBERATION, DESERTION, DEFECTORS, REFUGEES, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, WAR AIMS

WAR: Q.: “I don’t understand why people can’t get along peacefully.” – They can and they do – but their territorial governments won’t let them. They get along as lovers, friends, traders, tourists, neighbors, scholars, sportsmen, hobbyists, music and art lovers, writers and readers, but not as territorial subjects who are taxed, conscripted, organized, uniformed, propagandized, armed, trained, disciplined and then ordered to fight against each other – because, as Ulrich von Beckerath used to say, they have, all too often, no other value for their territorial governments. – JZ, 21.8.85, 26.8.08, 9.4.11. - PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, MODERN FEUDALISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: Qualities of mind avail most in war.” (In bello plurumum ingenium posse.) – Sallust, Catiline, ch.ii, sec.2. - But mindlessness and thoughtlessness, ignorance and prejudices do usually prevail and make matters much worse than they need be. – Think, for instance, how often scorched earth policies or other measures of collective responsibility notions are applied in them. - JZ, 22.8.08. – A reasonable and limited defensive war might amount to no more than a rightful police action against the main war criminals, right after they started an aggressive war or even before they are fully mobilized for it. - JZ, 10.4.11. - MIND, THOUGHT, WISDOM, MORALITY, RATIONALITY, MORALE, WEAPONS, WAR AIMS, WARFARE METHODS

WAR: Quarrels would not last long if the fault were only on one side.” - Francois, Duc de la Rochefoucauld, Reflections; or, Sentences and Moral Maxims, p.496. - The most wrongful aspect on both sides is, usually, their territorialism. - JZ, 10.4.11. - WAR & PEACE AIMS, AGGRESSION, DEFENCE

WAR: Replace wars, which are largely only slaughtering victimized peoples, by tyrannicide of the guilty few and make wars close to impossible by depriving all governments of all their powers over others than volunteers. – Then, without compulsory taxation and monetary despotism and the option of taking up forced loans, they could not even finance any aggressive wars, which they might still wish to start. – JZ, 18.3.94, 21.8.08. – TYRANNICIDE, PANARCHISM, FINANCING WARS, TERRITORIALISM, POWER, VOLUNTARISM, POLYARCHISM, VICTIMS VS. VITIMIZERS, ESPECIALLY THE LARGEST ONES, THE TERRITORIALI STATISTS

WAR: Scatter thou the people that delight in war.” – Richard Overton, prisoner in the Tower of London, 1649, The Baiting of the Great Bull of Bashan, quoted in A. L. Morton, Freedom in Arms. – If a god exist and if he/she were benevolent, he would have done so already for thousands of years. – JZ. 20.5.14. - WAR MONGERS, WAR CRIMINALS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES ON WAR& PEACE, LEADERSHIP, MILITIA, NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT

WAR: Seeing that most people are rather peace loving than warlike the question remains: Why do so few inquire into the preconditions for a genuine peace in freedom and justice? – JZ, 28.8.08. – Q. – Compare the replies I received to my very short peace questionnaire, published in PEACE PLANS No.650 and later digitized by me. – Perhaps someone will put them online – together with many more such replies. – JZ, 22.4.09.

WAR: Seeing the popularity of crime stories and novels or „Who done it’s?“ – it is a wonder why so few are seriously trying to find out who or what causes the mass murders called wars. – JZ, 27.7.87, 24.8.08. – Murder, even a few murders, are still comprehensible to most – mass murders on the warfare scale are not. People shy away from seriously pondering them or satisfy themselves with one superficial and flawed generalization or the other, like: “There will always be wars!” – JZ, 3.7.13.

WAR: Sees in national warfare rather a destiny than an organizational stupidity.” – Beaulieu, The Modern State, p.164. - TERRITORIALISM

WAR: Senator Goldwater ... said very often that if there was a war that people didn’t want to fight, you probably shouldn’t fight it at all.“ – Karl Hess, Dear America, p.69.

WAR: simple peoples and civilized peoples and violent, assertive peoples, will all go to war if they have the invention, just as those people, who have the custom of dueling will have duels and peoples who have the pattern of vendetta will indulge in vendetta. And, conversely, peoples who do not know of dueling will not fight duels, even though their wives are seduced and their daughters ravished; they may on occasion commit murder but they will not fight duels. Cultures, which lack the idea of the vendetta will not meet every quarrel in this way. A people can use only the forms it has. (*) - Margaret Mead, Warfare Is only an Invention – not a Biological Necessity, in WAR – Studies from Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, rev. and enlarged edition, ed. by Leon Bramson & George W. Goethals, Basic Books, Inc., Publishers, New York, London, 1968, p.272. - (*) XYZ diverse peoples in the population of a country can use other forms, especially personal law or exterritorial autonomy for volunteers, to avoid any major conflicts between them - but first they do have to know about them, understand them and learn to practise them. Otherwise, as territorialists, they will continue to remain subjects of Warfare States with largely wrongful war- and peace aims. – JZ, 22. 2.13. - WAR AS AN INVENTION, ONE WHICH CAN BE REJECTED OR “DISINVENTED” BY ABOLISHING TERRITORIALISM, DUELS, VENDETTAS, PEACEFUL DISASSOCIATION

WAR: Since it seems that, despite reason, despite good will (*), despite economic pressure and all the other forces which ought by now to have made war a thing of the past, we are to go on using war as one of the means of regulating our foreign relations, … I advocate this innovation of waging war by assassination of the enemy’s leaders because I believe it would save millions of lives and untold suffering.” - Edward Hyams, Killing No Murder, p.38. – (*) Territorialism, and its coercion and intolerance, does not represent reason and good will. – JZ, 16.10.88. - ASSASSINATIONS, TYRANNICIDE,

WAR: Since the power of modern great states means war, says Proudhon, we must weaken them all.” – John Bowle, Political Opinion in the 19th Century, p.162. - Best by ending all their territorial powers. Then they can wrong and harm only their remaining voluntary victims. How? Extend individual and minority group secessionism to them and confront them with the multitude of societies and communities of volunteers, which would result from this and which would tend to federate comprehensively against all remaining intolerant and aggressive societies, in their obvious and common self-interest. - JZ, 10.4.11. –INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW, AN INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF ALL SOCIETIES OF VOLUNTEERS, INCLUDING ALL KINDS OF GOVERNMENTS- & SOCIETIES IN EXILE, TEMPORARILY AS ALLIES OF EXISTING DEMOCRACIES, AGAINST THE REMAINING FEW TOTALITARIAN, TYRANNICAL & DESPOTIC REGIMES, BIG POWERS, TERRITORIALISM, ULTIMATELY ALSO AGAINST THE TERRITORIAL DEMOCRACIES, ALLOWING ONLY GOVERNANCE SYTEMS & SOCIETIES OF VOLUNTEERS, UNDER PERSONAL LAW TO BE CONTINUED. A TOTAL END TO TERRITORIALISM, ITS CENTRALIZATION, COERCION, MONOPOLISM, COLLECTIVISM, CENTRALIZATION, NATIONALISM & EXCESSOVE POWERS, ESPECIALLY MONETARY & FINANCIAL DESPOTISM (INLUDING COMPULSORY TAXATION) & CONSCRIPTION, STANDING ARMIES

WAR: Since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defenses of peace must be constructed.” – United Nations: Constitution of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization). – Quoted in George Seldes, The Great Quotations. - Are really the minds so far more involved than feelings, urges, fears and instincts and institutionalized coercion? The UN's 1948 "Universal" Declaration of Human Rights does not contain e.g. the panarchistic and the monetary freedom rights and defines many mere claims against others as if they were rights. Its "thinking" has still not been refined, especially when it comes to territorialism. It "represents" only the governments of territorial States and all their wrongs and irrationalities. War rather begins in the minds of some men, power addicts, who have gained all too much territorial power and including a decision-making monopoly on such questions. Alas, even this monopoly is not yet generally questioned and rejected. - JZ, 27.8.08, 10.4.11, 15.5.14. 7.6.13. - PREJUDICES, EDUCATION, ENLIGHTENMENT, IDEAS ARCHIVE, LIBERTARIAN DIGITIZED LIBRARY, ENCYCLOPEDIA OF REFUTATIONS, IDEAS ARCHIVE, SUPER-COMPUTER PROJECT, DEFINITIONS

WAR: So between about 1960 and 1963 the war industry went from about 9% to 7% in the American economy; then in those years unemployment fell sharply because this was offset by an efficient state welfare government (*) and a tremendous expansion in education (*) – you can transfer the resources of the war industry into education like that. It is a total illusion to say that the effect of war industry is good for the economy or even for profits. The very striking thing about the Second World War is the tremendous erosion of profits at the end of the war; and the same is true of the Vietnam War. There is practically no statistical evidence which suggests that the war industry increases profits more than the economy as a whole.” – Kenneth Boulding, in interview, 1982, - SOCIAL ALTERNATIVES, Oct. 82. - (*) ??? – JZ - PROFIT, ARMAMENT INDUSTRY,

WAR: So far as business and money are concerned, a country gains nothing by a successful war, even though that war involves the acquisition of immense new provinces.” - Havelock Ellis. - BUSINESS, COLONIALISM, CONQUESTS, TERRITORIALISM, PROFITS, VICTORY

WAR: So far territorial politics forced innocent people to kill other innocent people for the benefit of power-holders. I would rather like to see innocent people achieving the right, organization and power to execute criminal men in power. Naturally, it would be more peace-promoting if the victimized achieved the right to secede from the men in power and to withdraw from them, from any territorial power, until only the power over their volunteers remains and even that only to the extent that it is not used for aggressive actions against outsiders. – JZ 15.3.04. – Does that remain a mere beautiful dream or can it be turned into practical and effective exterritorialist policies. I believe the latter to be the case, if the freedom options involved are properly pondered and formed into a political and attractive platform, based e.g. upon genuine individual rights and liberties and corresponding quite rightful peace- and war aims and quite rightful defence, revolution, insurrection and liberation methods. – JZ, 19.10.07. – MILITIA, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW SOCIETIES, GENUINE SELF-GOVERNANCE, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM,  TYRANNICIDE, LIBERATION, LIBERTARIAN REVOLUTIONS & MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, VS. TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLISM

WAR: So it turned into a melee, a nightmare of random violence where men and women simply battered each other, ran from each other, and killed each other for no better reason than that someone had declared it time to do so. – William Shatner, Man O’ War, Ace Books, New York, 1997, p.256. - SENSELESS VIOLENCE, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES ON WAR & PEACE.

WAR: So long as such conditions continue and the public fails to revolt, we are bound to live in a constant state of alarms, threats and crisis, in constant danger of war and in a distorted and wasteful economic climate, which can in the end only be disastrous. It is a situation and a condition which gives substantial and at times complete truth to the Kremlin accusations of ‘warmongering”. It blocks all possibility of conference and negotiation and the opening of the congested channels of trade, food, raw materials, markets, exchange of goods and other economic factors which lie at the very root of nearly all the troubles of the world. …” Louis Bromfield, A New Pattern for a Tired World, p.13. - Was there no war mongering by the Kremlin? - At least it was even more at war with its own involuntary subjects. - JZ, 10.4.11. – FREE TRADE, FREE ENTERPRISE, FREE MARKETS, MONETARY& FINANCIAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, FREEDOM OF ASSOCIAITON & CONTRACTS IN EVERY SPHERE, VS. TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, MONOPOLISM, COERCIVE COLLECTIVISM & CENTRALIZATION, PROTECTIONISM

WAR: So long as there is a State, war will never cease.” – Bakunin – It is territorial States that are the main enemies. One should know and clearly express the character and very nature of one’s enemy. Voluntary associations of statists, doing their things only to or for themselves, are not our enemies. That option might sooner or later enlighten them, since they would have to pay for all their mistakes themselves. They could not conscript dissenters or impose forced labor upon them, nor could they then cause a general inflation or impose almost unlimited government debts. – JZ, 22.4.09, 10.4.11. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM FOR ALL, EVEN THE STATISTS, QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS ONLY, ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, TO THE EXTENT THAT VOLUNTEERS WISH TO PRACTISE THEM AMONG THEMSELVES

WAR: So many years of our youth squandered in the savagery of war.” – Homer, in Odyssee, according to the movie “Ulysses”.

WAR: So much in intellectual and physical as well as financial and other resources go into preparing for and fighting wars and so little into preventing or ending them fast, and with little if any further bloodshed of innocents. So much effort goes into upholding wrongful territorial States and their harmful laws and institutions and so very little systematic effort goes into the development and publication of quite rightful war and peace aims, quite rightful liberation, defence and revolutionary methods, quite rightful declarations of individual rights and liberties, quite rightful alternative institutions and methods - that could and would peacefully compete or coexist, tolerating each other, permitting full minority autonomy, freedom of action and experimentation for all of them. Not even the best ideas and talents have so far been systematically collected, archived, published and marketed in a sufficiently comprehensive and systematic way, not even by people who are otherwise free marketeers. – JZ, 14.1.05, 24.10.07. - INTELLECTUALS, SCIENTISTS & TECHNICIANS & PEACE, EXTERRITORIALISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, IDEAS ARCHIVE, SUFFICIENT INTEREST IN & ENLIGHTENMENT ON THE OWN MAJOR AFFAIRS, NEW DRAFT, SUPER-COMPUTER PROJRECT

WAR: Soldier, did we win? – No Sir, nobody ever does.” – From film on TV, channel 5 A, 24.12.81, 8.40 pm. - VICTORY

WAR: Some 50 wars have pocked the face of the world since 1945, according to C. & S. Mydans, The Violent Peace, 478 pages, Atheneum, 1968.

WAR: Sometime they'll give a war and nobody will come.” - Carl Sandburg, "The People, Yes," stanza 23, line 23, The Complete Poems of Carl Sandburg, rev. and expanded ed., p.464 (1970). First published in 1936 in The People, Yes. - Why should it be left to politicians or even to "the people" to “give” a war? - JZ, 14.10.02. - & CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY,

WAR: Sovereign States have shown themselves to be incapable of judging their own causes objectively. Such (Their! – JZ) judgments are too heavily tinged with prejudice. …” – F. A. E. Crew, Must Man Wage War? Thrift Books, London, 1952, p.36. - SOVEREIGNTY, STATES, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: Spencer again laid his finger on the spot when he declared that war is the great enemy of individual liberty.” - Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 4/72, p.14. - That remark makes freedom appear weak as against war and its conditions. Indeed, incomplete or unknown liberties create weakness towards the warmongers, But complete liberty would be stronger than the forces of most wars are. Freedom, justice and enlightenment are the greatest enemies of war. If we recognized and utilized ALL individual rights and liberties, then almost all wars would end soon or be altogether prevented or would be reduced to rightful police actions against the major war criminals. Precisely during wars freedom is needed most by all the victims of wars, including their conscripts. - JZ, 18.9.00. - Complete liberty for all who desired it and exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers also for all satisfied with lesser degrees of liberty, that is one idea whose time has finally come and it will prove to be stronger than all the armies in the world. It can pull them onto its own side, mostly without any military fighting. - JZ, 30.1.02. At least the terms "panarchy" and "panarchism" are widely used now, although not always correctly, in the meaning of P. R. de Puydt. My last Google search on 7.4.11 brought me 59,400 references under "panarchy", 38,100 under "panarchism" and 17,200 under "panarchy, books". - Alas, on my own I haven't got the time to explore all of them. - JZ, 10.4.11, 15.5.14. - & FREEDOM, PEACE, POLYARCHISM, PANARCHISM, LIBERTARIAN DEFENCE, DESERTION, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS,

WAR: Statism causes war.” – R. A. Childs, Jr., in reviewing “The Society of Tomorrow” by Gustave de Molinari, in BOOKS FOR LIBERTARIANS, Dec. 72. - A statism, confined only to its volunteers, would not cause wars, no more so than the most disciplined monasteries would cause wars and no more so than body-contact sports would cause wars. – However, territorial statism, with all its coercion and monopolies does cause wars. - JZ, 28.8.08. – CAUSES OF WARS, TERRITORIALISM VS. EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW OPTIONS

WAR: Submission to tyrants makes not for peace but unending war.” – Dagobert D. Runes, Treasury of Thought, p.101. - Every territorial State as such is tyrannical and as such more or less also a Warfare State, unless it is of a quite insignificant size or has a long and effective tradition of neutrality, which Switzerland and Sweden finally acquired - after having been involved in all too many wars. – Their neutrality tradition will not protect them against the threats posed by a nuclear war. - JZ, 27.8.08, 10.4.11. – TYRANNY, TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATE, NEUTRALITY, NWT

WAR: Supreme excellence in warfare consists of breaking the enemy’s resistance without fighting. – Sun Tzu in “The Forge of War”. – Quoted in: Donald Kingsbury, Courtship Rite, ANALOG 29.3.82. - Compare the Christian slogan: “The best way to defeat an enemy is to make a friend out of him!” - The captive nations and minorities are already our natural but so far only secret and not yet activated allies. - JZ, 10.4.11. APPEALS, WAR AIMS, DECLARATION OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, DESERTION, LIBERATION, CAPTIVE NATIONS, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, DEFENCE, REVOLUTIONARY WARFARE

WAR: Taxation is theft; Conscription is slavery; War is murder.” – Unknown. – All their abuses can also be defined as expropriations or nationalizations of forms of slavery, feudalism and serfdom. They are also characteristics of territorialism with e.g. their suppression of individual and group secessions and of exterritorial autonomy for communities of volunteers. – JZ, 4.1.08, 15.5.14. - CONSCRIPTION & TAXATION, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: Tell me any war- and peace aim that would justify the use of a nuclear weapon. – JZ, 17.7.95, 20.8.08. – Compare the extensive discussions on the 2 nuclear bombs used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. - WAR AIMS, NWT

WAR: Territorial governments are by their very nature not receptive enough for peace ideas and practices – because wars do make such governments more powerful and power corrupts. Power and wars, not peace or service, are the main concerns for most territorial rulers. – JZ, 26.3.05, 29.10.07, 10.4.11. – They are also the most incompetent “peace makers” and providers of genuine services. However, they do cause an over-production of laws, taxes, corruption, false excuses, lies, frictions, false pretences, successful and prolonged frauds, extortions, military crimes and numerous other crimes. – JZ, 6.11.07, 10.4.11. - PEACE & TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS

WAR: Territorialism means war, civil war, bloody revolutions and terrorism, interrupted only by various degrees of "peaceful" oppression and exploitation – under various cover names. – JZ, 1.7.92, 21.8.08, 10.4.11. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATES, WELFARE STATES

 War: that bestial, insensate storm that so impersonally dealt death and unspeakable injury, … - Wilbur Smith, The Burning Shore, Pan Books, 1986, p.37.

WAR: The “just war” idea has been made archaic by nuclear weapons!” – Has it? Since Hiroshima and Nagasaki we have had dozens of non-nuclear war almost every year. – Some of them may have been partly just, at least on one side. – JZ, 23.4.89.

WAR: The almost continuous emergencies of wars, revolutions, civil wars and economic crises, require sufficient forethought and actions to either prevent them altogether or to cope with them fast and efficiently should they occur nevertheless. Otherwise they will have their own momentum and persistence. – JZ, 7.4.99, 21.8.08, 10.4.11. – QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS ARE REQUIRED TO END OR PREVENT MOST WARS

WAR: the ancient insanity once called the art of war.” - Murray Leinster, The Grandfathers' War, p.7 in ASTOUNDING SF, Br. Ed., 2/58.

WAR: The appalling thing about war is that it kills all love of truth”. – Georg Brandes, Letter to George Clemenceau, March, 1915. (Cf. Johnson, ante, 1758.)

WAR: The best kind of war is to let them ruin themselves with their bad government.” - Simon Contarini, Venetian ambassador, 1605; Green Vo. 4, 1968, p.11. – The Soviet system lasted all too long, even the Nazi regime managed to last 12 years. How many innocents died as a result of both systems? - JZ, 21.4.09. - Especially under the nuclear war threat any totalitarian and territorial regimes are no longer tolerable and acceptable, not even for another year or decade. - JZ, 10.4.11. – PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, POLYARCHISM, TOLERANCE FOR THE TOLERANT, PEACE TO THE INNOCENT, VS. STATISM, MONOPOLISM, TERRITORIALISM, TOTALITARIANISM, NWT

WAR: The best victory is that which requires no battle.” – Sun Tzu. – Governments and their general should encounter more disobedience than obedience, especially when and where they are quite wrong. – JZ, 29.10.07. - VICTORIES & BATTLES, DESERTION, MILITARY DISOBEDIENCE

WAR: The Bible nowhere prohibits war. In the Old Testament we find war and even conquest positively commanded, and although war was raging in the world in the time of Christ and His Apostles, still they said not a word of its unlawfulness and immorality.” – H. W. Halleck, Elements of Military Art and Science, introduction, 1848. - RELIGION, CHRISTIANITY, PACIFISM, BIBLE, JUDAISM, JESUS CHRIST

WAR: The cause of World War III is its preparation!“ – (“Die Ursache des 3. Weltkrieges ist seine Vorbereitung.” - Sponti-Spezial, Eichborn Verlag, p.63. – ARMS RACES, CONVENTIONAL & NUCLEAR, WW3

WAR: The central tragedy of war is that men of good will on both sides, each convinced that he is doing nothing more than his duty, are compelled to kill one another.” – D. H. Munro – PATRIOTISM, NATIONALISM, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

WAR: The courage to die winning over the courage to say an unpleasant No.” – JZ, tr. of: “Krieg: Der Mut zu sterben siegte ueber den Mut, ein unangenehmes Nein zu sagen.“ – Rychner. – Only those with the right ideas, who are rightfully armed, organized and trained for rightful resistance can say an effective “no!” to the war-mongers. – JZ, 4.7.92. - Most of the war victims are given no say at all on the matter. And most of those who decide upon war do not die in it. – JZ, 25.8.08. – DECISION ON WAR & PEACE, MILITIA, HUMAN RIGHTS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, WARFARE STATES, “DEMOCRACIES”

WAR: THE CRIME OF CRIMES: of all the criminal institutions and procedures invented by the human race over the millennia since the Neolithic Age, by far the one of first magnitude is war. As the Crime of Crimes, it has enjoyed a degree of relative immunity from moral and ethical condemnation unshared by any of its relatives. (1) Over the years it has served as the cloak for the perpetration of acts under the auspices of the collective herd, which have been condemned and made serious crimes by nearly all peoples when committed by individuals. The anonymous herdist quality of war has served as a disguise for the violation of the last six of the Ten Commandments on a scale so towering as might cause even the mechanism of the most advanced computer to waver trying to compile them. Though killing, robbing, and raping are ferociously denounced and punished with (within? – JZ) the specific community, it has long been considered quite proper to engage in all these activities as long as they are inflicted on the persons of strangers, preferably a long distance form home and unknown to the perpetrators. – The only thing more repulsive than these crimes is the mountain of print and the billions of spoken words employed to justify them over the centuries, a nauseating literary and oral tradition, most frequently engaged in by the very same people, who wring their hands over crime in their own vicinity and profess to be prostrated by its existence. (1) The literature attacking war as a criminal enterprise is neither sparse nor of just recent vintage. But it has grown substantially in the last century; one might compile a stunning bibliography beginning with the noted Argentine writer Juan Bautista Alberdi’s “El Crimen de la Guerre”, (The Crime of War), published in Buenos Aires in 1870. – James J. Martin, Revisionist Viewpoints, p.126/27. Ralph Myles Publisher, Inc. Colorado Springs, 1971.Compare the “excuse” - ”War is war!” – JZ, 29.2.12. – A time will come when a politician, who has willfully made war and promoted international dissension, will be as sure of the dock and much surer of the noose than a private homicide. It is not reasonable that those, who gamble with men’s lives, should not stake their own – H. G. Wells. - POLITICIANS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY ON WAR & PEACE, LEADERSHIP, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS, RULERS, WAR CRIMINALS, WAR PROPAGANDA, “ENEMIES”, “JUSTIFICATIONS”, “LEADERSHIP”

WAR: The cry has been that when war is declared, all opposition should be hushed. A sentiment more unworthy of a free country could hardly be propagated. – William Ellery Channing (1780-1842),William Ellery Channing, Life, 1848.- in - A different and longer version: The cry has been that when war is declared, all opposition should therefore be hushed. A sentiment more unworthy of a free country could hardly be propagated. If the doctrine be admitted, rulers have only to declare war and they are screened at once from scrutiny. ... In war, then, as in peace, assert the freedom of speech and of the press. Cling to this as the bulwark of all our rights and privileges.” - Successful defensive warfare needs freedom and not only freedom of expression, even more so than peacetime does. - JZ, 23. 11. 06. - LIBERTIES & RIGHTS & FREEDOM - CENSORSHIP, FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION, CRITICISM, FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS

WAR: the device every conqueror, yes, every altruistic liberator should be required to wear on his shield … is a little girl and her kitten, at ground zero.” – Poul Anderson, A Knight of Ghosts and Shadows, p.106. – WARFARE, AIR RAIDS, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, “ENEMIES”, “DEFENCE”, “TARGETS”, NON-COMBATANTS, CIVILIANS, INNOCENTS, OFTEN INCLUDING THE CONSCRIPTS

WAR: the distinguishing characteristic of this century: People killing each other over something neither side could describe.” – Manuel F. Ayau, THE FREEMAN, 10/78. – WAR AIMS, TERRITORIALISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY

WAR: The endeavor to open up foreign markets by killing foreign consumers.” – Unknown. – JOKES, ABSURDITY OF WAR, WAR AIMS, CAPITALISM? CONQUEST OF MARKETS?

WAR: the fertilizer of chaos.” – Proudhon, quoted R. V. Sampson, The Discovery of Peace, p.81. – Or chaos, even during “peace” times, is already the product of the attempt to impose a uniform order by force, territorially, upon all kinds of very different individuals and minorities. Wars merely extend the territorial monopoly claim and its chaos into other territories. – JZ, 20.8.08. – TERRITORIALISM, INTOLERANCE, WARFARE STATES, STATISM, GOVERNMENTASLISM, THE EXTREME WRONGS OF “LEADERSHIP”

WAR: The first casualty when war come is truth.” – Senator Hiram Johnson, 1917, Speech, U.S. Senate. – Quoted in Philip Knightley, The First Casualty, 1982 edn., p.1. - Yes, if we leave war decisions to the war-mongers and power addicts. – JZ, 23.8.08, 16.5.14. – TRUTH, WARFARE STATE, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

WAR: The first World War showed that all people in all former wars died in vain. The second WW demonstrated that those who died in WW I died in vain. The third WW would prove that all the victims of WW II and the following minor wars did also die in vain. – JZ, 25.4.75, 24.8.08. – Should we, nevertheless, celebrate them as heroes? Or should we finally admit that they were foolish enough to fight and die quite in vain, although, at least sometimes, with what has wrongly been called “the best intentions”? – JZ, 16.5.14. – PATRIOTIC SELF-SACRIFICES UNDER THE WRONGS OF STATISM & TERRITORIALISM

WAR: The fools haven’t invented gun powder but they shoot with it.“ – Gerhard Uhlenbruck. – (“Die Dummen haben das Pulver nicht erfunden, aber sie schiessen damit.”) - Even they are largely forced to do so and do not do so on their own initiative. – JZ, 8.7.92, 25.8.08. – FOOLISHNESS, STUPIDITY, IGNORANCE

WAR: The form of the Government makes no difference. (*) Whether the ruler is a majority, as in Greek democracy, or a King or a dictator or elected member of Parliament, if men in Government use the force that is Government in an attempt to control human energy, one result is war.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.64. - (*) As long as it is still a territorial government. (The only exceptions are, probably, Sweden, Switzerland and the quite tiny governments. At least historically many of them have been persistently warlike as well. Now, with almost no power at all, except e.g. to grant tax concessions to foreign investors, they have become quite peaceful.) – JZ, 0.8.08, 10.4.11. - FORCE, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, FORM OF GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIALISM, COMPETING GOVERNMENTS, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, META-UTOPIA

WAR: the frame of reference within which our statesmen and our diplomats work always contains war. If we know that it is not inevitable, that it is due to historical accident (*) that warfare is one of the ways in which we think of behaving, are we given any hope by that? - Margaret Mead, Warfare Is only an Invention – not a Biological Necessity, in WAR – Studies from Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, rev. and enlarged edition, ed. by Leon Bramson & George W. Goethals, Basic Books, Inc., Publishers, New York, London, 1968, p.273. – It is, rather, the idea and practice of more or less absolute territorial rule, spread and maintained in the interest of territorial rulers, all of them power addicts and often power-mad, which is upheld by the rulers under the false pretence that it would be in the public, general or common interest and the subjects are conditioned by many popular errors, prejudices and false assumptions to believe their territorial rulers. Therefore, at most, they tend only to replace, hopefully, one territorial regime by another territorial regime, through voting or revolutions, just like e.g. child sacrifices, religious intolerance, prosecution of “witches”, torture, slavery and serfdom, the subjugation of women were continued for all too long and in some places still are: Compare e.g. the sexual mutilation of women and forced marriages, especially of children, in some countries, the mass murders of abortion, offered as a free “choice” of parents or upon command by some government. – The misnamed political scientists have, mostly, also subscribed to the popular errors, prejudices and mythology on war as necessary, justified and inevitable and thus do help to perpetuate it. – So do the teachers and lecturers in most “educational” institutions and the writers of most books and most of the journalists of the mass media and even of most of the alternative presses. - JZ, 22.2.13, 16.5.14. - RULERS, DIPLOMACY, STATESMEN, POLITICIANS, WARFARE STATES, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

WAR: The generals murdered their men and the men were too stupid to resist.” – Bryce Courtney, The Power of One, p.449. – RESISTANCE, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, MUTINIES, DISOBEDIENCE

WAR: The global death toll, since the dawning of the nuclear age, including slow genetic deaths, stands at 13 million people at least.” - Rosalie Bertell, No Immediate Danger. Prognosis for a Radioactive Earth, The Women’s Press, 1985, p.351. – Linus Pauling provided estimates on the number of additional deaths, worldwide, due to nuclear tests. – JZ - NUCLEAR UMBRELLA, DETERRENCE, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT. - IN SOME WAYS THIS WAR HAS ALREADY BEGUN! PEACE?

WAR: The good, if they are actually good, do not battle against the good; those who are at war are either the bad against the bad, or the bad against the good.” – St. Augustine, City of God, IV, 5. (*) - How many governments were so far good enough to avoid aggressive wars or defensive wars conducted in an aggressive way? – How many wars were wars of slave-, serf- or conscripted soldiers against slave-, serf- or conscripted soldiers, on the other side, all or most of them insufficiently aware of the alternatives to such abuses of themselves? – (*) With territorial regimes it is never as clear-cut as that. - JZ, 2.6.82, 22.8.08. –  WARFARE, DESERTION, ENEMY DEFINITION, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, LIBERATION, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, WAR AIMS, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, DESERTION, TYRANNICIDE

WAR: the great wars are themselves progenitors of Communism. - R. M. MacIver, Power Transformed, p.5. MACMILLAN, 1964. & COMMUNISM

WAR: the greatest and most obvious evil Tolstoy had seen in his life, was that pre-arranged, systematic, and wholesale method of murder, called war.” – Aylmer Maude, Tolstoy and his Problems, p. 11/12.

WAR: The grim fact is that we prepare for war like precocious giants and for peace like retarded pygmies.” – Lester Pearson, news summaries, March 15, 1955. – PEACE PREPARATIONS

WAR: the idea that we can avoid war with the communist world by preparing for it is irrational.” – quoted with disapproval by Dean Smith, Conservatism, p.185. – The idea of a “Communist world” was also a mythology that promoted war. What percentage of the whole population under a communist regime did actually consist of “true believers”? If the vast majority had been behind these establishments then their terror measures, concentration camps, mass murders, censorship and continuing propaganda would have been quite superfluous. – JZ, 27.8.08. - DETERRENCE, ARMS RACE, DEFENCE, CAPTIVE NATIONS, LIBERATION, REVOLUTIONARY WARFARE, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, DESERTION, REFUGEES, ASYLUM-SEEKERS, TOTALITARIANISM, TERROR REGIMES, CENSORSHIP, COMMUNISM

WAR: The immense destructiveness of and loss of life in modern industrial war also suggests a frightening expansion of the irrational component now present in such conflicts. The economic historian Fred Shannon concluded that since it cost the United States more to fight World War Two than the total value at the beginning of hostilities of all the real and personal property of its defeated enemies combined, it would have been cheaper to buy out these lands rather than fight with them. – James J. Martin, Revisionist Viewpoints, p.129, Ralph Myles Publisher, Inc. Colorado Springs, 1971. - & ITS ANTI-ECONOMICS

WAR: The inconsistency of governments is laughed at when “they teach publicly the art of murder, and reward him who is most successful in practising it, and yet punish the man who gets rid of his enemy for a private reason.”  – G. Gorer, The Revolutionary Ideas of the Marquis de Sade, p.138. - PRIVATE MURDERS & OFFICIAL MASS MURDERS

WAR: The kings and the generals and the leaders of battles have a peculiar aptitude for not being killed in them. The committee has suggested that, after every war, all the officials on the losing side who held a higher rank than colonel ought to be executed out of hand, irrespective of their war-guilt. No doubt there would be a certain amount of injustice in this measure, but the consciousness that death was the certain result of losing a war would have a deterrent effect on those who help to promote and to regulate such engagements, and it might, by preventing a few wars, save millions of lives among the lower classes ….” – T. H. White, The Book of Merlyn, p.121. – On the other hand, once it has started, they would fight all the harder, again not risking themselves in the battles but merely more of their war-slaves. – In the case of Hitler, at the end even the 12 year olds and those over 60 were conscripted. - JZ, 25.8.08, 10.4.11. - War cannot be regulated out of existence or avoided through minor reforms but only through the major changes, which would remove its foundations, its powers, motives, means and aims. - JZ, 10.4.11. - TYRANNICIDE, WAR CRIMINALS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, LEADERSHIP, TERRITORIALISM, MONETARY & FINANCIAL DESPOTISM, CONSCRIPTION

WAR: The Kwakiutl Indian custom of the potlach, where leading members of the tribe display and affirm their status by vying to see who can burn up the most valuables – blankets and bear skins and canoes and everything else they can purchase or create – seems foolish to us. How, then, will the great potlatch of man’s wars appear to extraterrestrials who may be as superior to us as we believe we are to the Kwakiutl? What will they think of our destruction of uncounted millions of our fellow men, to say nothing of our cities and our libraries and our works of art? - And will we, eventually, go to the vast trouble and danger and expense of making other worlds in the Solar System habitable only to take our potlatch with us? From the perspective of space, we must regard all mankind’s wars as civil wars; setting brother against brother, as in this novelette of Poul Anderson’s.” – Reginald Betnor, ed., “The Spears of Men”, in his introduction to Poul Anderson, “Cold Victory”. - POTLATCH, DESTRUCTION, WARFARE, BROTHERHOOD, CIVIL WAR

WAR: The last war was only the culmination of the leader's plans that they had laid years before. It gave them the complete emergency powers they needed to make our country into a State.” - Tom Godwin, The Greater Thing, ASTOUNDING SF, July 1954, British edition, p.89. - Compare: Bourne's "War is the health of the State." - According to some this applies not only the lies and false pretences which led to the sinking of the Louisitania, and thus to the entry of the US into WW I, and to F. D. Roosevelt's conspiracy, which led to and permitted the attack on Pearl Harbor to succeed, but also the mass murderous attack on N.Y. and Washington on Sep. 11, 01. - What are a few thousand lives less to an ambitious politician, who can thereby further his career and extend his power and control? At least some of our "democratic representatives" are as capable of such mass murderous crimes as are the worst of the despotic leaders. - JZ, 7.2.02, 16.5.14. - STATE, POWER, AUTHORITARIANISM, DICTATORSHIPS, DESPOTISM, EMERGENCY POWERS, LEADERSHIP, DEMOCRACY, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, TERRITORIALISM, POLITICIANS, RULERS, GOVERNMENTS

WAR: The last war, during the years 1915, 1916, 1917, was the most colossal, murderous, mismanaged butchery that has ever taken place on earth. Any writer who said otherwise lied. So the writers either wrote propaganda, shut up, or fought.” – Ernest Hemingway, Men at War. – Quoted by Edwin Lawrence Godkin, & quoted in Phillip Knightley, The First Casualty. The War Correspondent as Hero, Propagandist and Myth Maker, Quartet books, 1975, 1982, p.63 - WW I

WAR: the lesson from history that wars result from conflicts between nation-states, each armed to the teeth, each directly suspicious of attack by the other.” – Murray N. Rothbard, REASON, 3/73. - TERRITORIALISM

WAR: The more meaningless, non-creative, non-productive, non-prosperous, empty, hard, aimless, hateful and disgusting life is made by territorial governments, the more is death welcomed or the less it is feared. In this way, too, do territorial Warfare States prepare their victims for further wars. – JZ, 16.7.07.

WAR: The more successful a war the more it kills the buying ability of your customers.” – E. Hubbard, 1856-1915. – A. Andrews Quotations, p.479. – Wars also reduce the number of potential customers. – But wars promote ready customers for arms producers and traders – at the expense of the taxpayers and of producers and consumers of peaceful consumer goods. - JZ, 27.8.08. – Arms industries are the only ones that profit from wars. All peaceful industries and all consumers suffer from their costs and their consequences. – JZ, 16.5.14. - PROFITS, ARMS PRODUCTION & TRADE, CAPITALISM

WAR: The next dreadful thing to a battle lost is a battle won.” – Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, 1769-1852. – VICTORY, BATTLES

WAR: The only excuse for war is that we may live in peace unharmed.” – (Quare suscipienda quidem bella sunt ob eam causam, ut sine injuria in pace vivatur.) – Cicero, De Officiis, Bk. I, ch. 11, sec. 35. - As if war had ever really assured that. – JZ, 22.8.08. -

WAR: The only people who win wars are those who stay out of them.” – From film: “Strangers at Sunrise.” – Even they are taxed for it and pay more highly for consumer goods and suffer from its inflations and other attacks on individual rights and liberties, which are involved. – JZ, 16.5.14. - VICTORY, NEUTRALITY, WINNERS OR ALMOST ALL LOSERS?

WAR: the only rational war is a war to end war. The only valid crusade is a crusade to establish universal peace. - At first sight, this conclusion would seem to justify those who argue that if we would ensure peace we must prepare for war: that peace can only be guaranteed by force of arms. Such a position ignores, as pacifists have often pointed out, the positive evils of a state of war-mindedness. You cannot sit on a powder-magazine and smoke your pipe in peace. Sooner or later a spark sets fire to it. If peace can only be guaranteed by force then that force must be super-national. …” Herbert Read, Anarchy and Order, p.116. – H. R. did not clearly enough define the kind of peace that he aimed at. A peace between bullies, violent gangs or territorial warfare States - or a peace between communities and societies, all of volunteers only, all without national territories and territorial powers, all doing their own things freely – but only for or to themselves. Thus and then they would be no more likely to go to war against each other than e.g. coin- or butterfly collectors would, chess players against bridge players, golf players against tennis players, swimmers against runners, etc. – JZ, 20.8.08. – PANARCHISM, META-UTOPIA, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, VOLUNTARISM VS. TERRITORIALISM

WAR: The only war I ever approved was the Trojan war; it was fought over a woman and the men knew what they were fighting for.” – William Lyon Phelps, Sermon in Riverside Church, New York, June 25, 1933. - Actually, they were fighting against a free love affair of the wife of one of their leaders, Agamemnon, who considered this woman, Helena, to be his private property. To that extent even this war was not excusable. Why should xyz men be killed and their wives become widows, or mothers lose their sons, etc., just because of the sexual preference of one woman for Paris rather than Agamemnon? They were not fighting for their own women but at most for women prisoners, to be turned into sex slaves. Formally, the fight was for the compulsory return of Helena, who had left Agamemnon in favor of Paris. - Thus this war, too, was a wrongful absurdity and a disgrace for the human race. – JZ, 1.11.85, 5.7.86, 21.8.08. – WAR AIMS, JOKES.

WAR: The only way to win a war is to prevent it.” - General George Marshall. – Alas, to prevent them and make agreement possible, at least for the people on both sides, over the heads of the rulers, e.g. quite rightful war and peace aims would have to be declared long in advance. That would remove all somewhat justified motives for defensive wars and all popular support for aggressive governments. - All States, all peoples, could gain much more from peacefully trading with each other than from making war upon each other. – Even the enslavement of whole other peoples cannot be as profitable for the population of the “victorious”, conquering and enslaving State. – JZ, 5.1.08. – The “release of all creative energies”, as was often proposed by Leonard E. Read, would be the more profitable alternative for all populations, even those under victorious governments. Freedom, peace and justice are productive, while wars, even when victorious, are destructive and counter-productive in balance, even when some do get rich through them. – JZ, 16.5.14. - WINNING IT OR VICTORY, WAR AIMS, PEACE TREATIES BETWEEN THE PEOPLES RATHER THAN GOVERNMENTS, FREE TRADE & FREE LABOR ARE MORE PROFITABLE TO ALL CONCERNED THAN SLAVERY, ALL WARS & PREPARATIONS FOR THEM DO AMOUNT TO LOSSES, IN BALANCE

WAR: The only winning move is not to play.” – Dangerous Buttons, No. 236. – WAR GAMES, BRINKMANSHIP, NUCLEAR DETERRENT, VICTORY

WAR: The people of the Old World have made almost uninterrupted war. For three thousand years, one year in fifteen has been an interval without war.” – Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.58. – PEACE, A RARITY UNDER TERRITORIAL STATISM, WARFARE STATES

WAR: The preservation of peace is now left to habitual liars, like politicians and diplomats, and to leading career officers as their advisors, all with a vested interest in wars. Naturally, even a Hitler, before he started WW II, assured all the world that he would be all for peace. As a cover-up for many of their war- promoting and war-prolonging activities, they have called war ministers “defence ministers”. They have not yet dared to call them openly “ministers for aggression”. Only to that extent do they respect public opinion on matters of war and peace. So, on both sides, we have always only officially organized defence efforts. Which does not explain at all, why it ever comes to aggression by one side or by both. – Should we be satisfied with them having at least spared us “ministers for peace”? - JZ, 5.2.93, 21.8.08. - DEFENCE, AGGRESSION & PEACE, GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: The prevention of wars should rest e.g. upon peaceful international contracts and treaties between individuals and minority groups and diverse peoples or whole populations rather than merely between territorial governments. The territorial leaders, politicians, diplomats, ministers, presidents, prime ministers, chancellors and their cronies and favorites can never be trusted in this respect, perhaps least of all in this respect. No officials should ever be granted a monopoly for decision-making in these spheres – or any others – for whole territories and their populations. – As it is now, the diverse peoples and their minority groups are not armed with weapons that can be used discriminatingly, organized and trained, for effective resistance against territorial governments which exploit, suppress and victimize them or threaten to do so - but the territorial governments are all too well armed against their own peoples and all dissenters and minority groups, and those subjected to other territorial governments, with conventional weapons and even with ABC mass murder devices, which cannot be used discriminatingly, e.g. as tyrannicide weapons. - JZ, n.d. & 21.8.08. – DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, DISARMAMENT BY THE PEOPLE, NUCLEAR WEAPONS, PEOPLE, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, MILITIA

WAR: The problem of war is not a problem of human nature, it is a problem in human organization. So long as leaders have the power to command armies, they will.” – Karl Hess, Dear America, p.230. - LEADERSHIP, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY ON WAR & PEACE, TERRITORIALISM, POWER, GOVERNMENTS, STATISM

WAR: the process of arranging conflicts involved the hoodwinking of large masses.” - Frank Herbert, Heretics of Dune, p.494. - CONFLICTS, DECEPTION, FRAUD, HOODWINKING, LIES, PROPAGANDA, MASSES, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, STATISM

WAR: The profoundest truth of war is that the issue of battle is usually decided in the minds of the opposing commanders, not in the bodies of their men.” - B. H. Liddell Hart. - A much more profound truth is that the armed soldiers outnumber their generals and their rulers and could kill or arrest them as war-mongers, or sell them to the enemy regime, getting their separate peace in return. They could also fraternize with soldiers and officers on the other side and agree on rightful peace aims. Morally they are not obliged to fight upon the command and for the purposes of others. On the contrary. They have the right and duty to rise or desert and to determine themselves for what kind of rightful aims they would fight, if ever. They might also come to decide that it makes much more sense to kill an enemy tyrant than to fight costly battles against his conscript armies. - JZ, 21.8.02. - The supposed military experts seem to have difficulties in arriving at such conclusions, because they would endanger the lives of their "great" "misleaders." - JZ, 10.4.11.

WAR: The public and timely declaration of quite rightful war- and peace aims is one of the major preconditions for ending or even preventing wars. – JZ, 11/89.

WAR: the question of war, and consequently the question of power, is little else than a mere question of money. As a necessary consequence, those who stand ready to furnish this money, are the real rulers. It is so in Europe, and it is so in this country.” – Lysander Spooner, No Treason, VI/47, Works I. - The potential power of those appreciating their individual rights and liberties, enough to be prepared to defend them armed and organized, in rightful ways, remains still to be fully mobilized. – JZ, 20.8.08. – MILITIA, MONEY POWER, MERCENARIES, TAXATION, STANDING ARMIES, MILITARISM, IMPERIALISM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, DECLARATION OF QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS

WAR: The quickest way of ending a war is to lose it.” – George Orwell, “Second Thoughts on James Burnham”, “Shooting an Elephant”, 1950. - Once there are only rightful war aims, a surrender would not be treason but rather save the own country, the own population, as well. - JZ, 10.4.11. - SURRENDER, UPON RIGHTFUL WAR AIMS OR A SEPARATE PEACE NEGOTIATED BETWEEN THE PEOPLES INVOLVED.

WAR: The quite right cause could draw all the battalions, divisions and armies of the world on its side – and thereby end wars. – JZ, 19.7.87. – Should we not seriously try to define it? – JZ, 24.8.08. - WAR AIMS, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, PANARCHISM, META-UTOPIA, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, ZAP, NAP, VS. MAD: MUTUAL ASSURED DESTRUCTION, NWT

WAR: The ruination of planets. The killing of a billion innocent civilians to get at a few guilty leaders. The legacy of hatred. ….” - Poul Anderson, Enough Rope, ASTOUNDING SF, July 1953, p.15. - ASTOUNDING SF, Dec. 53, British edition. - And even then the guilty leaders are usually not "got at" but escape with their lives, maybe even with some of their loot, in all too many cases. - JZ, 27.1.02. - MASS MURDER OR TYRANNICIDE? COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, LEADERSHIP, WAR CRIMINALS

WAR: The same reasons that make us quarrel with a neighbor cause war between two princes.” – Michel de Montaigne, Essays, II, 1580. – As neighbors they could, if they wanted to, relatively easy move into a new neighborhood. As nations they cannot. - As neighbor they are not involved in a quarrel upon the orders of a third party, but as territorially subjugated nations, in war, they are. As neighbors they can only involve their own means in the struggle and not tax the whole country for it or conscript its men. – JZ, 5.8.86. - Montaigne made many wise remarks. This was not one of them. – But, like all the other flawed views on war and peace it ought to be taken seriously enough to become fully listed, together with all the others and also optimally refuted and all such refutations should be made easily accessible, online and on disk. - JZ, 22.8.08. –

WAR: The sinews of war are five – men, money, materials, maintenance (food) and morale.” – Bernard M. Baruch, A Few Kind Words for Uncle Sam, SATURDAY EVENING POST, 1930. – Quoted in Seldes.

WAR: The slaying of multitudes should be mourned with sorrow. / A victory should be celebrated with the funeral rite.” – Laotse, The Character of Tao, 6th c. B.C., 31, tr. Lin Yutang. – VICTORIES & VICTORY CELEBRATIONS

WAR: the sort of continuous pointless wars envisioned by Orwell in “1984”, wars that serve to promote the interests of the state, rather than of its citizens.” – Randoph Bourne, War and the Intellectuals, 1915-1919, (1964), quoted in B. D. Shaffer, Violence … “, p.22.

WAR: The Spanish platoon was ready to go over the top. “It will be man-to-man fighting”, yelled the commandant. Pedro raised his hand: “Can you introduce me to my man so that we could come to an understanding? – George Coote, The Joke Book, Gap Publishing, Norman Park, Queensland, 1996, p.194/95. – I knew it only as a Jewish joke form WW I.  For many Jews cosmopolitanism instead of territorial nationalism comes naturally, from their cosmopolitan experience over the last two thousand years. – JZ, 3.3.12. - JOKES

WAR: The State is never more powerful than when it is at war.” – Fritz Knese, THE CONNECTION 120 of 10 June 84, p.40. – However, if it were confronted by sufficiently interested and informed people, including soldiers and officers, then it would become rather weak compared with them. Then the strings of the puppeteers could be cut by the former mere puppets. – JZ, 30.7.89, 21.8.08. – STATE, SUBJECTS, ENLIGHTENMENT, LIBERATION, SECESSIONISM, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, FRATERNIZATION, LIBERTARIAN REVOLUTIONS, QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS VS. STATISM, TERRITORALISM, TOTALITARIANISM

WAR: The success of war is gauged by the amount of damage it does.” – Victor Hugo, Ninety-Three, 1879. – I suppose that was merely an ironic comment by V. H. - It ought to be judged, rather, by the bloodshed and other damages that it avoids! – JZ, 7.11.85. – To that extent even Hitler’s “Blitzkriege” were preferable to the very bloody trench-warfare in WW I. – 21.8.08. -

WAR: The terrible thing about being pulled into a war against your will is that, no matter how little you had to do with it, you discover finally that your own fate is bound up with the fortunes of your side. – A. E. van Vogt, The Pawns of Null-A, Sphere SF, 1970, p.202. - COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY & TERRITORIALISM

WAR: The thesis that “war makes the state, and states make war” has been advanced by Charles Tilly (notably in his essay “War Making and State Making as Organized Crime”, in Peter Evans, Dietrich Rueschemeyer, and Theda Skocpol, editors, Bringing the State Back In (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984), and in ….” – Tom G. Palmer, The Literature of Liberty, in: David Boaz, ed., The Libertarian Reader, The Free Press, 1997, p.440. - The State is, usually, territorially defined. - JZ, 10.4.11. & THE STATE, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: the time has come when it is, or could be, possible to win a war by the use of words only, and without bringing armed force into action.” – John Hargraves, Words Win Wars, 1940. – An ideal militia need not get into military action but it ought to be brought into existence and mobilize itself in emergency situations. – JZ, 5.6.92. - DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, & OF QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS, APPEALS, UNILATERAL PEACE DECLARATIONS, UNILATERAL NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, LIBERTARIAN REVOLUTION & MILITARY INSURRECTION PROGRAM, DESERTION, WELCOMING OF REFUGEES, APPEALS, PUBLICITY, GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

WAR: The trade of kings.” – John Dryden. – Quoted in Shimon Tzabar: The White Flag Principle, p.18. – Also in A. Andrews Quotations, p.403 – Rather, of most territorial governments, regardless of their differences. - If Dryden had been right, then with most kings most wars would be abolished by now. JZ, 20.8.08. – Naturally, it is also the trade of all too many other territorial rulers – but in modern times, once their territory and their tax slaves exceeds a certain minimum size and number, their territorial power gives them enough power for major abuses. – JZ, 27.8.08, 10.4.11. – POWER, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: the true cost of war, like poverty, is paid in lives not lived, or not lived fully. – Major-General Leonard V. Johnson, CAF (Ret.), in D. Steve Chandler, Pat Chandler, Daryll Klein, and Mary Klein, Beyond War: A New Way of Thinking, in Physicians for Social Responsibility, Nuclear War: The Search for Solutions, ed. by Thomas L. Perry, M.D. and Dianne DeMille, 1985, p.291. - POVERTY

WAR: The ultimate price of folly! – JZ, 13.11.93, just using the old proverbial “The price of folly”. – FOOLISHNESS, STUPIDITY, IGNORANCE, POPULAR ERRORS & PREJUDICES

WAR: The unity of purpose, real or fictitious, which results from defence or attack is as intoxicating an experience for authority as it is for a public which is weary of the isolation and aimlessness of urban asociality. For such societies war may be a release of guilt and tension. It is their finest hour.” - ALEX COMFORT, “Authority and Delinquency. A study in the psychology of power”, 1950, 1970, p.57. – Alas, kept out of print and off the Web for all too long. - JZ, 15.5.06. - DEFENCE, AGGRESSION, UNITY OF PURPOSE, TERRITORIAL STATES

WAR: The universe without war involves critical-mass concepts as applied to human beings. … The human situation as it relates to war can be likened to a multi-linear lopped feedback system in which nothing is unimportant.” – Frank Herbert, The God Makers, p.136. - The “critical masses” brought together by territorialism would tend to become reduced to harmlessness through individual and groups secessionism combined with full exterritorial autonomy for the secessionists, upon whichever basis their voluntary groups would agree upon for themselves. – Under full freedom not the masses would be decisive in the long run but some then successful individuals and some minorities would be. - JZ, 20.8.08, 16.5.14. – And again: “The human situation as it relates to war can be likened to a multi-linear looped feedback system in which nothing is unimportant.” – Frank Herbert, The God Makers, p.109. – Compare the ca. 500 war-promoting factors that I listed, largely alphabetically, in my second peace-book: An ABC Against Nuclear War, - JZ, 20.8.08. - PANARCHISM, PEACE, ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM

WAR: The very existence of the territorial State - and the statism associated with it – lead to unification and secessionist wars, civil wars, revolutions, oppression, terrorism, poverty, hunger, disease and, mostly, to economic crises, depressions, inflations, mass unemployment, many bankruptcies and involuntary under-employment. – JZ, 28.12.99, 21.8.08. – TERRITORIALISM, CRISES

WAR: The very worst peace is better than the best war.” – The best war would be a successful defence of a rightful cause without bloodshed. The worst peace might be that of the mass murder graveyards and that of a concentration-camp and terror regime of a totalitarian government. – JZ, 24.10.91. – PEACE

WAR: The very worst victory is better than the very best defence.” – The worst victory might be won by losing nine tenths of the population and the very best “defence” might be the bloodless overthrow of the own aggressive government. – JZ, 24.10.91. - VICTORY, DEFENCE

WAR: The violence involved in “our” “peace” just become exaggerated during “our” wars. – A non-violent peace would eliminate war. – JZ, 16.7.79. - “PEACE”, NONVIOLENCE, TERRITORIALISM, COMPULSORY STATE MEMBERSHIP OR SUBORDINATION, STATISM, WARFARE STATES

WAR: The war aims of our side should be so obviously just and well published in advance before any crisis, which might lead to war. They and our peace aims should also be published in such a trustworthy form and thereupon also proven by numerous of our actions, that the soldiers and officers of the enemy regime would, in most cases, rather desert or surrender and fight with us against their regime than against us. At least they should either come over to our side and declare themselves neutral or let themselves easily be taken as prisoners of war, expecting to be liberated rather than being imprisoned as P.O.W.’s – No defence is quite rightful which is not based on as rightful and trustworthy war and peace aims and warfare- or liberation methods. – JZ, 31.10.97, 290.8.08. – DESERTION, PRISONERS OF WAR, LIBERATION, WAR AIMS, REVOLUTIONARY WARFARE, GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIE IN EXILE OF EVERY SHAPE & COLOR, BUT ALL FOR THEIR VOLUNTEERS ONLY

WAR: The war between two civilized peoples is high treason against civilization.” – Carmen Sylva. (“Der Krieg zwischen zwei gebildeten Voelkern ist ein Hochverrat an der Zivilization.”) - WAR AS TREASON.

WAR: The warrior virtues were not ends in themselves.” – Poul Anderson, Conquests, p.39.

WAR: The way to prevent war is to bend every energy toward preventing it, not to proceed by the dubious indirection of preparing for war.” – Max Lerner, On Peacetime Military Training, Actions and Passions, 1949. – PEACE PREPARATIONS

WAR: The world has seen enough of men and women dying for causes, it was time to live for one.” – Don Crick, “The Different Drummer”, p.32. - What made it worse was that they were forced to fight not for their own and self-chosen causes but for the causes of others. Moreover, these causes of the others were only rarely, if ever, quite rightful causes. And the territorial State powers usually forbade them living in the ways they would like to adopt, at their own risk and expense. – JZ, 27.8.08. – META-UTOPIA, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, STATISM, ENEMIES, CONSCRIPTION, WAR AIMS, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: The worst of war lies in its middle.” – Source? - I doubt this regarding WW II. Losses increased dramatically towards the end, at least on the German and Japanese side. But, generally, it seems that large wars need for their decline almost as much time as for their development to their maximum effort. – A bell curve of distribution seems to be involved, here, too. - JZ, n.d. & 23.8.08.

WAR: The worst treason in wars lies often in going on to obey the own territorial government upon the “principle” of “My country, right or wrong!” – JZ, 23.8.08. – TREASON, NATIONALISM, STATISM, PATRIOTISM, TERRITORIALISM, OBEDIENCE, LOYALTY, NATIONALISM

WAR: The wrongfulness, irrationality and horrors of war have, to my knowledge, never as yet prevented any war. The “balance” of strength and terror never remains balanced for long. The immorality, irrationality and ignorance as well as prejudices of the ruling power holders and power addicts and their power madness see to that. Nuclear deterrence policies can, at most, postpone but not prevent nuclear war, at least not accidentally started nuclear wars. – Those still stuck in Israel are largely merely territorial nationalists and, as such, no better than other such people. Some of them, with their holy book, holy land and chosen people notions, just like e.g. most of the Palestinian fanatical Muslims, are even worse than the average Earthlings. - JZ, 24.11.11, 22.2.12, 24.10.12. - DETERRENCE, PEACE, PREVENTION, NWT, ISRAEL, PALESTINIANS, JUDAISM, ISLAM, FANATICISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM VS. COSMOPOLITANISM

WAR: Theft, incest, infanticide, patricide, have all had a place among virtuous actions. Can anything be more ridiculous than that a man should have the right to kill me because he lives on the other side of the water, and because his ruler has a quarrel with mine, though I have none with his?” – Pascal, Pensées, quoted in Seldes, p.540. – Another version: “Can anything be stupider than that a man has the right to kill me because he lives on the other side of a river and his ruler has a quarrel with mine, though I have not quarreled with him? – Blaise Pascal, quoted by Tolstoy in “Bethink Yourselves”. – Perhaps we should have engaged in more quarrels with our own territorial and more or less authoritarian governments, subduing them, rather than letting them subdue, use and abuse us? – JZ, 21.8.08, 3.7.13. - Q.

WAR: There are 256 causes of war, which have been studied and found important and many times that number of panaceas and plans to prevent war. Whether one or all would work is not known because they are not being tried.” – George Seldes, “Sawdust Caesar”. - 256 REAL OR SUPPOSED CAUSES OF WAR.

WAR: There are no warlike peoples – just warlike leaders.” – Ralph Bunche, in the March 93 issue of THE VOLUNTARYIST. – There are warlike individuals – subjects and leaders – and warlike institutions – but only because there are war-promoting ideas, errors, myths, prejudices, false assumptions and conclusions, all of which are still not sufficiently refuted. – JZ, 14.11.93, 3.7.13. – Moreover, there are war-promoting territorial constitutions, beliefs, laws, institutions, which make for war. – JZ, 24.9.95, 20.8.08, 3.7.13. – LEADERSHIP, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, POWER, HUMAN NATURE, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS, PEOPLE, AGGRESSIVENESS? MAN, RULERS, PRIME MINISTERS, PRESIDENTS, WARFARE STATES

WAR: There are three types of victory, … physical, moral and Pyrrhic.” – To hell with morals! This is a war! - … Quite so.” - Eric Lambert, Glory Thrown In, p.54. - & MORALITY, VICTORY

WAR: There are two things which a democratic people will always find very difficult – to begin a war and to end it. – Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, transl. Henry Reeve, Cambridge, Sever & Francis, 1863, chapter ON WAR, SOCIETY, AND THE MILITARY. – Here he entirely ignores the territorial monopoly of governments regarding the decisions leading them to wars, their conduct of wars and their “peace-making”. The “ people”, i.e. the territorial population, made up, usually, out of xyz diverse peoples, have almost no say on such subjects at all. In this respect even the democratic States are essentially despotisms, as already Immanuel Kant pointed out in his 1795 “Eternal Peace”.  – Without voluntarism, i.e., voluntary State membership, individual sovereignty, individual secessionism and personal law communities of volunteers, societies and governance systems under exterritorial autonomy, it is quite wrong to speak of them as being “democratic”, based upon consent, constituting genuine self-government or self-determination. – JZ, 25.2.13. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA, COMPETING GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS

WAR: There are war preparation that make for war, even nuclear war and war preparations that make for peace. I am only interested in the latter. But our rulers and representatives and military “experts” make no distinctions between the two and thus promote war. – JZ, 20.3.83. – They do not even know what really makes for peace and show no serious interest in the subject. – JZ, 23.8.08.

WAR: There are worse things than war – and war brings all of them.” – Eric Scott Royce, quoting “someone”, in NEW LIBERTARIAN WEEKLY 36.

WAR: There have been more than 130 wars, civil wars, revolutions and coups d’état in 90 countries around the world since 1945. The U.N. with its present 146 member states is supposed to primarily look after peace but the above figures show that the U.N. efforts are not very successful. – Source not sufficiently noted by me. It was aspecial article on the 25 – The UN does not fight territorialism but represents it and its wrongful and irrational powers. - JZ, 10.4.11.  NEWS DIGEST INTERNATIONAL, No. 1, March 1977 - PEACE, U.N., TERRITORIALISM, STATISM


WAR: there is no glory in battle worth the blood it costs.” - Dwight Eisenhower. - GLORY, BATTLES, BLOODSHED, VIOLENCE

WAR: There is no instance of a country having benefited from prolonged warfare.” – Sun Tzu Wu, The Art of War, tr. by Lionel Giles, Luzac & Co, London, 1910, p.12. – Quoted in Seldes. Another reference refers to Sun-Tzu, The Art of War, Chapter 2, Paragraph 6.

WAR: There is no solution for it. There is never a consequence. The winner generates much hatred that (lateron? – JZ) he is ultimately defeated.” – Michel Simon, quoted in THE NEW YORK TIMES, March 17, 1968. – I deny the truthfulness of the first two sentences, but not that such assertions and many other nonsensical ones are often made, need to be recorded, accessibly and thoroughly refuted.. – JZ, 22.8.08.

WAR: There is no working middle course in wartime.” – Sir Winston Churchill, speech, House of Commons, July 2, 1942. – His excuse or pretence for engaging in “total war” on his side. – How much sooner would WW II have ended with a victory of the Allies, if he had advocated and consistently practised a war not against a whole German population but merely against the totalitarian Nazi regime, which had managed to acquire the territorial rule over that contry and upheld it by terror? Many millions of people less would have been killed. They were the human sacrifices to be paid for such notions and their application! - JZ, 22.8.08. – From the Nazis one should not have expected anything better but from the Western democracies a more moral and rational approach should have come. Alas, they are and were territorial Warfare States, too, and quite immoral ones as well, as exemplified by their present stockpiles of nuclear mass murder devices. (Small and cheap equivalents to mass extermination camps and in practice even more indiscriminately murderous than these mass murder camps were.) – JZ, 22.4.09. - WARFARE, WAR AIMS, AIR RAIDS, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, TERRITORIALISM, NWT, NAZI REGIME, DEMOCRACIES, CHURCHILL & TOTAL WAR, UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER DEMAND, GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE

WAR: There is nothing that war has ever achieved we could not better achieve without it.” - Havelock Ellis, “Selected Essays”, “The Philosophy of Conflict”, p.221. - INVENTIONS, INNOVATIONS, DISCOVERIES, PROGRESS

WAR: There is nothing to be frightened of now. Fighting is all over now.” – An ABC SF story, part 8, on 28 8.83, called “Megaton-mania”, ignoring the risk of accidental or unintentional nuclear war and also the numerous “brushfire” or minor wars still happening all around the world, i.e., the usual activities of the Warfare States and their potential to escalate into a general nuclear holocaust. – JZ, 28.8.83, 23.8.08. - DETERRENCE HYPOTHESIS, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

WAR: There is such a thing as man being too proud to fight. There is such a thing as a nation being so right that it does not need to convince others by force that it is right.” – Woodrow Wilson, Address, Philadelphia, May 10, 1915. – Quoted in Seldes and in C. Bingham’s “Men and Affairs”, p.91. - And yet two years later he led “his” “nation” into WW I. - If the U.S.A. had not thus intervened, a relatively fair peace settlement might have been achieved and thus the Nazi regime and WW II might have been prevented. All sides were war-weary already. – Alas, even the U.S.A. government did not have enough freedom and justice on its side to feel and act quite righteous, either. - JZ, 22.8.08. – WAR AIMS

WAR: There never was a good war or a bad peace.” – Benjamin Franklin (1773). - Was there ever an attempt made by any territorial government to fight a war only for quite rightful war aims and with quite rightful means and methods? Unconditional surrender to a totalitarian regime can cost more in lives than rightful and sensible resistance to it. It would be rational only if sufficient preparations were made to overthrow the victorious regime with the aid of its own soldiers and policemen. - JZ, 22.11.06. - & PEACE, REVOLUTIONARY WARFARE, SURRENDER, FOLLOWER BY A REVOLUTION, TOGETHER WITH THE SOLDIERS & OFFICERS OF OCCUPATION REGIME, Q.

WAR: There was no shifting expedient in the composition of Cobden. The principles he cultivated were firmly held on all occasions. Rogers says: “… In public and private he denounced war as a barbarous and irrational expedient for removing a difficulty. He saw that it demoralized those who adopted it. He endorsed Bentham’s definition of it, that it was “mischief on the largest scale.” He say that when the war fit is on a nation, there is no place left for reason and argument; that it was simple waste, unmixed evil. He believed that no war in the world’s history was necessary, and therefore that none was capable of defence. …” – GOOD GOVERNMENT, 6/77. – War is not just a one-sided affair. Usually there is one aggressor or one who started it. But, under territorialism, with its wrongs on both sides and thus often leading to the aggressive actions against other such States, it is well possible that both sides are, at least to some extent, aggressors, instead of merely one side being the aggressor or war criminal and the other the quite innocent defender. What is impossible for both sides is that both sides are quite innocent defenders, although their governments do often claim or pretend that they are. – JZ, 20.8.08. – AGGRESSION & DEFENCE, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: There will be wars - but the human race thrives on trouble. We're built for it - that's what we're good for. We wouldn't know how to get along without it.” - Robert Heinlein, Requiem, speech 5 Sep. 1976, p.277. - One of his most flawed utterances. Who, and how many among the human race thrived on them and who and how many died, were crippled, starved, diseased, oppressed and otherwise suffered from them? Did neutral Switzerland and Sweden progress only through wars, since they became neutral countries? He might as well have said: The human race exists only for and thrives only through the Warfare State. Alas, his libertarianism had limits, not only in the monetary sphere. - JZ, 23.1.02, 10.4.11. – At least since Herbert Spencer’s sociological studies there are records of several dozen quite peaceful human tribe. But they were not organized into territorial Warfare States. The war-promoting roles of statism and territorialism are still largely overlooked. – JZ, 21.4.09. & PROGRESS, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: There would be an end of war and preparations for war if the cost were born by those responsible for war …” – Frederick C. Howe, Why War? Charles Scribners & Sons, N.Y., 1916, quoted in PROGRESS, 11/75. - COSTS OF WARS, TAXATION, INDEMNIFICATION CLAIMS, FINANCING, INFLATION, MONETARY DESPOTISM, PUBLIC DEBTS

WAR: There's only one way to abolish war, and that's to abolish government. - Jim Davies, THE ON LINE FREEDOM ACADEMY, Segment 10, Sec. 4. - – The abolition of territorial governments would be enough. – JZ, 3.7.13. - GOVERNMENT, STATE, TERRITORIALISM, PEACE, WARFARE STATES

WAR: These ideological battles and wars are not being fought for mankind. As a matter of fact, no war has ever been fought for man himself, but only and solely to satisfy the whims and ambitions of the leaders.” - Kevork Ajemian, The Fallacy of Modern Politics, Books International, PO Box 6096, McLean, Virginia 22106, 1986, Tel. (703) 821-8900, p.154. - & IDEOLOGIES, MANKIND, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, TERRITORIALISM, LEADERSHIP, POWER ADDICTION

WAR: these international duels …” REVUE DES REVUES, No.8 of 1891. – See my remark under: WAR: War is nothing but a duel on a large scale. – Karl von Clausewitz, Vom Kriege, I, 1832. - There are many difference between wars and duels. I only wish, that the territorial "statesmen" would replace their wars with duels between them. Kant quotes, in his "Eternal Peace" the reply of a Bulgarian prince upon such a proposal: "A smith who has a pair of tongues will not take the hot iron out of the fire with his bare hands." - That is all we are to them, tools, to be used or abused. Peoples are treated as property of territorial rulers, just like they were under absolute monarchs. - JZ, 10.4.11. - TERRITORIALISM, POWER ADDICTION OF RULERS, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY VS. SELF-OWNERSHIP, STATISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM

WAR: They are prepared to fight rather for protectionism, which causes many of their problems, than for Free Trade, which would cure many of them. – JZ, 4.10.08. – Similarly, today, governments rather “fight” to uphold their monetary despotism, which causes numerous problems for them, which monetary despotism cannot solve, rather than allowing its opposite to take place, namely Free Banking or Monetary Freedom, which would also cure many problems of the existing governments – except their power addiction and power madness. – JZ, 8.10.08. – On today’s radio news there was a proud report that another ship of illegal immigrants had been intercepted just before it reached the West Australian coast. Use of the Australian Navy to keep out willing and able workers! Who could and would, under freedom, help to increase our standard of living! Just because the territorial government is unable to solve the employment problem, which freedom for self-help measures could solve almost instantly. But it seems impossible to talk sensibly with governmental experts and most of their subjects and victims about this. – Competitive and exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers could refute the spleens of the territorial governments, with their free and tolerant experiments, but they are outlawed. Thus governments repeat their wrongful and irrational crimes and mistakes over and over again and they do so world-wide, also in the current economic crisis. – Solutions are not impossible – but simply outlawed by those, who are too ignorant or prejudiced to apply them themselves and who do possess the inherently wrongful territorial power. - JZ, 22.4.09, 10.4.11, 16.5.14. - PROTECTIONISM, TERRITORIALISM, POWER, STATES, GOVERNMENTS, LEGALISM, VS. FREE TRADE, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, SELF-HELP, SECESSIONISM, FULL FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, ASSOCTIATION & EXPERIMENTATION IN EVERY SPHERE

WAR: They are so confident that no one can envy their country enough to seize it that they have no armed forces. After all, if the Icelanders with their thousand years of experience behind them still find it most difficult to scratch a living out of the country then who else in his right mind would want it.” – Desmond Bagley, Running Blind, p.79. – But as far as I know they do have an American military base. How many U.S. military bases are there around the world? No wonder that the already paranoid Soviets got further afraid of them. Objectively, can one trust anyone with his hands on mass extermination devices? Even if the Soviets had been as harmless as a simple-minded voluntary communist is, could one trust such a person or a “capitalist” businessman with a nuclear “weapon”? Wouldn’t already the fact that they acquired and kept it in readiness indicate that they are mentally defective? – How many other small States are there without defence forces of their own? – Icelanders may one day be envied for their volcanic power source potential as much as other countries are now about their oil. – We should also remember how the U.S.A. and Japan fought for the possession of some small islands in the Pacific. - JZ, 7.9.08. – ICELAND, STATES WITHOUT DEFENCE FORCES OF THEIR OWN, NWT, TERRITORIALISM & ITS SPHERES OF INFLUENCE & MILITARY BASES

WAR: They believed in and gave to war – and war came. – JZ, 28.10.76. – The “giving” is assured through compulsory taxation and the belief in territorial statism and all its wrongs – through compulsory education under governmental controls. – JZ, 16.5.14.

WAR: They can arrest you for trying to get into one of their lousy wars and arrest you for trying to get out. If I had a kid today, I’d make sure that the state never found out that child existed, And if it did find out, I’d rig up a phony death certificate.” – Karl Hess, in PLAYBOY interview 7/76. – CHILDREN CONSCRIPTION, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: they take precautions against the microbes that kill more people than war.” – Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, VIII. – At least then most of the deadly microbes were not made by man. Until governments financed and developed biological warfare “weapons”. One more reason to get rid of all territorial governments. – JZ, n.d. & 20.8.08. - One does not need mass murder devices to kill tyrants. Such "weapons" are clearly directed against the primary victims of all territorial governments, namely their population, treated by such weapons as if they were merely the property of territorial governments. - Or held "morally" responsible for their criminal government, under the "principle" of "collective responsibility". "They made a desert and called it peace." - An old proverb, referring to the scorched earth warfare of its times. - JZ, 10.4.11. - MICROBES, BIOLOGICAL THREATS TO HUMAN LIFE, BIOLOGICAL WARFARE, TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS, NWT, WEAPONS VS. MASS MURDER DEVICES, TYRANNICIDE, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY

WAR: this fatal motif rests on lack of conscious responsibility on the part of the masses and unscrupulousness on the part of their leaders.” - R. V. Sampson, The Discovery of Peace, p.65, on Alexander Herzen. “In Herzen’s own words: ‘For the masses War has that self-same fatalistic, unconscious character as the sea. It is only powerful through the absence of consciousness at the bottom and the absence of conscience and truth at the top.’ (A. J. Herzen, Sochineniya, Moscow 1958, Vol. 8, p. 268.) – IRRESPONSIBILITY AT TOP & BOTTOM, MASSES, PEOPLE, LEADERSHIP, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, IGNORANCE, POPULAR PREJUDICES

WAR: This is a political war and it calls for discrimination in killing. The best weapon for killing would be a knife, but I’m afraid we can’t do it that way. The worst is an airplane. The next worst is artillery. Barring a knife, the best is a rifle – you know who you’re killing.  – John Paul Vann, in: Neil Sheehan, A Bright Shining Lie, John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam, Picador ed., 1990, by Pan Books Ltd., p.317. - DISCRIMINATION, ENEMIES, WEAPONS, INDISCRIMINATE KILL INGS, BOMBING, AIR RAIDS, ARTILLERY, RIFLES

WAR: This is war: / Boys flung into a breach / Like shoveled earth; / And old men, / Broken / Driving rapidly before crowds of people / In a glitter of silly decorations. / Behind the boys / And the old men, / Life weeps, / And shreds her garments / To the blowing winds.” – Amy Lowell, “In the Stadium”, “A Shard of Silence” (1957).

WAR: This paradox, inexplicable to reason, is that millions of men should agree to obey a few weak individuals, to undertake a project in defiance of all reason, which would necessitate the commission of countless unutterable crimes and bring inevitably in its wake immeasurable suffering to themselves as well as to others. These events therefore must be accounted irrational, but, in Hegelian terms, whatever is, has a logic of rationality. If it appears otherwise, it must be simply that the reasons are not intelligible to us, which leaves us with an explanation in terms of Fate or predestination.” - R. V. Sampson, The Discovery of Peace, p.122. – IGNORANCE, APATHY, POPULAR ERRORS & PREJUDICES, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM, SANCTION OF THE VICTIMS

WAR: Those aware of the peace-promoting effects of just and liberating actions, especially towards the victimized subjects of aggressive totalitarian regimes, will almost never, if ever, simply choose the usually mass murderous road of another military invasion, i.e. another international war rather than liberation. They might only engage in some police actions or underground and secret service strikes against the major dictators or tyrants. They would rather help with good advice, unilaterally offered peace treaties and by welcoming refugees and deserters and recognizing all kinds of governments and societies in exile, as attractive alternatives for their present and future (once a despotic regime is finally overthrown), than fight and kill the conscripts and tax- and other victims of such a criminal regime. They would, as Eugene Lyons wrote in several books and articles, consider and treat the captive nations as their secret allies, rather than bombing them. –JZ, 3.7.82, 22.8.08, 10.4.11, 16.5.14. - GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE, OF THE PANARCHIST TYPE, ALL FOR THEIR KIND OF VOLUNTEERS ONLY, REVOLUTION & INSURRECTION PROGRAMS, WELL DEVELOPED & PUBLISHED

WAR: Through education youth must come to know that war is the enemy of everything that is of value to mankind; that there are alternatives to the battlefield as training grounds for human excellence – for example, the school, the coal-mine, the factory, the oceans, the skies, the hospital ward, the laboratory, the community; that there are other activities, equally adventurous and dangerous, that are truly heroic, and that human life can be filled to overflowing with strenuous creative purpose.” - F. A. E. Crew, Must Man Wage War? Thrift Books, London, 1952, p.93. – “Release all creative energies.” – Leonard E. Read – EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM IN ALL SPHERES FOR VOLUNTERS, WITHOUT INTENTIONAL BLOODLETTING & DESTRUCTION OF LIVES & PROPERTIES OF OTHERS THAN VOLUNTARY VICTIMS

WAR: Thy wars brought nothing about.” - Dryden. - The murderous inventions of wartime are simply more publicized and better known than those of peacetime. And the Warfare State is ready to splurge tax funds upon them. - JZ, 23.1.02. – Still more murderous weapons are not constituting progress but, rather, a relapse into barbarism, especially through mass murder devices like the nuclear “weapons”. – JZ, 3.7.13. - WAR & PROGRESS, NWT

WAR: To call war the soil of courage and virtue is like calling debauchery the soil of love.” – Herbert Read, Anarchy and Order, p. 115. – Also ascribed to George Santayana, "The Life of Reason: Reason in Society”, 1905-06, p.3. – Quoted in Seldes. – (Some formulas stick in one’s mind. One forgets their origin and, later, one repeats them, as if they were the own. – JZ, 22.8.08.)

WAR: To conquer with arms is to make only a temporary conquest; to conquer the world by earning its esteem is to make a permanent conquest.” – Woodrow Wilson, address to Congress, Nov. 11, 1918. – Did he earn our permanent esteem, or did he merely help to prolong WW I? – JZ, 24.6.08. – PANARCHISM & POLYARCHISM RATHER  THAN “VICTORIES”, “CONQUESTS” & DOMINATION, BY SETTING SUCCESSFUL & ATTRACTIVE EXAMPLES TO OUTSIDERS, CONQUESTS, PRACTICAL & TOLERANT DEMONSTRATIONS OF INNOVATIONS, EXPERIMANTAL FREEDOM, OPTING OUT, WITHDRAWING & CHOOSING PERSONAL LAW ALTERNATIVES, ALL ONLY FOR THEIR VOLUNTEERS, SECESSIONISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, SELF-OWNERSHIP & VOLUNTARISM

WAR: To defeat the aggressors is not enough to make peace durable. The main thing is to discard the ideology that generates war. - Ludwig von Mises, Human Action [1949] – FFF DAILY, OCT. 23, 2013. – PEACE, SECURITY, LIBERTY, RIGHTS, VS. AGGRESSION, CAUSES OF WARS: STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTALISM

WAR: To deliver men from the terrible and ever-increasing evils of armaments and wars, we want neither congresses nor conferences, nor treaties, nor courts of arbitration, but the destruction of those instruments of violence which are called Governments, and from which humanity’s greatest evils flow.” – Tolstoy, Essays and Letters, p.252. – If we destroyed the territorialist institutions that lead to arms races and wars, then we would not have to bother to try to destroy all military weapons. - Including the mass murderous parodies on still somewhat discriminating military weapons, in form of nuclear, chemical and biological mass murder devices. - JZ, 10.4.11. GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM, STATES, STATISM, DISARMAMENT, NWT, REAL WEAPONS VS. SUPPOSED ONES: MERE MASS MURDER DEVICES

WAR: To fight and conquer in all your battles is not supreme excellence; supreme excellence consists in breaking the enemy's resistance without fighting.” – Sun-Tzu, The Art of War, Chapter 2, Paragraph 2. – Provided one has right completely on one’s side. Then supposed enemy soldiers could become neutrals or even allies. – Wars can be turned into quite rightful policing actions – if that is seriously tried. – JZ, 4.1.08. - Instead, our territorial governments, supposedly democratic or republican, threaten them and, indirectly, us as well, with their ABC mass murder devices, which are certainly not tyrannicide weapons, thus creating fear among the innocents on the other side and driving them into the arms of their victimizers, who are pretending to be patriots. - JZ, 10.4.11, 16.5.14. - WITHOUT FIGHTING, DESERTION, PRISONERS OF WAR TREATMENT, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS & POPULAR REVOLUTIONS AGAINST DICTATORSHIPS, NWT, LIBERATION INSTEAD OF BOMBING CAMPAIGNS, QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR & PEACE AIMS, UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER DEMANDS, GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE & ALLIANCES WITH THEM, DEFENCE

WAR: To find the last two men on Earth, look for them at each other’s throats.” – Buddy Saunders & Howard Waldrop: A Voice and a Bitter Weeping, GALAXY, July/Aug. 73. – Even in Science Fiction and Utopias one finds only rarely some correct and positive statements on the cause and on the prevention of wars. It should be one of the main topics for anarchists and libertarians. But, is it, really? Have at least they thoroughly explored all the factors involved? – And have they sufficiently publicized all their correct ideas on this? - JZ, 20.8.08. - Here an incurable mutual aggressiveness of man is simply assumed. - It's like "defining" riches as the result of robberies and poverty as the lack of money. - JZ, 10.4.11. -

WAR: To my mind to kill in war is not a whit better than to commit ordinary murder.” - Albert Einstein – So why did he support the building of mass murder devices? – He, too, subscribed to the collective responsibility doctrine, at least in the case of all Germans, for actions of their then existing government, a totalitarian tyranny! – Uttering even a mere critical remark on this regime could lead to the imprisonment of that person in a concentration camp and, probably, to his death. If the regime had been popular it would not have needed any terror to suppress dissent and reduce resistance. – JZ, 21.4.09, 10.4.11. – Einstein remained a territorial statist – although the rightful, liberating and peace-promoting alternative was pointed out to him. – JZ, 16.5.14. - MURDER, MASS MURDER, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY

WAR: To wage a war for a purely moral reason is as absurd as to ravish a woman for a purely moral reason.” - H. L. Mencken. – A rather limping analogy. A liberation or revolutionary war or military insurrection, one with quite rightful war aims, does not have to be practised like a rape of unwilling victims. One has to realize that most, if not all wars, lacked quite rightful war aims and rightful warfare methods. – No warring State ever recognized all individual rights and liberties. – I would even deny the existence and possibility of a “purely moral reason” to conduct any conventional or nuclear war, while ignoring all rightful alternatives to it. – JZ, 23.1.08, 16.5.14. - & MORALITY,

WAR: Today the real test of power is not capacity to make war but capacity to prevent it.” – Anne O’Hare McCormick - Alas, statism and territorialism are powerless to solve the problems which they do inevitably create. - JZ, 10.4.11, 16.5.14. - POWER, PREVENTION OF WAR, PEACE, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATES

WAR: Today, since war is everybody’s tragedy, peace has become everybody’s business.” – Abba Eban, NEW OUTLOOK, Sept./Oct. 81, p.22. - And yet, even in some of the otherwise best democracies the ordinary citizen has no real say or influence upon war and peace decisions. They are monopolized in the hands of territorial rulers, i.e. precisely the worst people for such decision-making. We should be able to realize that merely from the fact that several of them have even adopted nuclear mass extermination devices, under the pretence that with them they could defend us or always deter other territorial governments from committing an aggression. Not only the possibility of accidental nuclear war and its likelihood in the long run are overlooked by these territorial power maniacs. - JZ, 10.4.11, 16.5.14. - PEACE, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, DUTY TO WORK FOR PEACE, NWT

WAR: Turn the marching of conscripts into the marching of deserters or insurrectionists, freedom lovers and liberators, of voluntary militia-members for the protection of individual rights and liberties. – JZ, 6.12.91. - MARCHING, MILITIA, MILITARY DISOBEDIENCE, HUMAN RIGHTS, LIBERATION

WAR: Two persons’ zero-sum game with no complete information.” – Oskar Morgenstern and John Van Neuman, Theory of Games and Economic Behaviour, Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J., 1947. See Anatol Rapoport, “The Use and Misuse of Game Theory”, SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, Vol. 207, No. 6, New York, 1962. – Quoted in Shimon Tzabar: The White Flag Principle, p.18. - As if only two persons, the heads of two States, were involved. They make the decisions now, territorially, for millions of their subjects - and might end up as the only survivors. Their decision-making monopoly and privilege is still not systematically criticized and then abolished. Who is to be blamed for that? - JZ, 10.4.11. - DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY ON WAR & PEACE, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, Q.

WAR: Tyrants seldom want pretexts.” – Quoted on a desk calendar for the USA Independence Day on July 4th. – Source unknown to me. – Democratic misleaders do also seem to find them all too easily. - JZ, 10.4.11. - DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, LEADERSHIP, LIES, GOVERNMENTS, WARFARE STATES, RULERS, POLITICIANS, PRESIDENTS

WAR: U.S. Currently Fighting 74 Different Wars … That It Will Publicly Admit -- Linda J. Bilmes and Michael D. Intriligator, ask in a recent paper, “How many wars is the US fighting today?” - - Photo: Press TV - Washingtons Blog May 12, 2013. - Fire Dog Lake’s Kevin Gosztola notes: - Today US military operations are involved in scores of countries across all the five continents. The US military is the world’s largest landlord, with significant military facilities in nations around the world, and with a significant presence in Bahrain, Djibouti,Turkey, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq, Afghanistan, Kosovo, and Kyrgyzstan, in addition to long-established bases in Germany, Japan, South Korea, Italy, and the UK Some of these are vast, such as the Al Udeid Air Force Base in Qatar, the forward headquarters of the United States Central Command, which has recently been expanded to accommodate up to 10,000 troops and 120 aircraft. - Citing a page at US Central Command’s (CENTCOM) website, they highlight the “areas of responsibility” publicly listed: The US Central Command (CENTCOM) is active in 20 countries across the Middle Eastern region, and is actively ramping-up military training, counterterrorism programs, logistical support, and funding to the military in various nations. At this point, the US has some kind of military presence in Afghanistan, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, U.A.E., Uzbekistan, and Yemen. - US Africa Command (AFRICOM), according to the paper, “supports military-to-military relationships with 54 African nations.” - [Gosztola points out that the U.S. military is also conducting operations of one kind or another in Syrian, Jordan, South Sudan, Kosovo, Libya, Yemen, the Congo, Uganda, Mali, Niger and other countries.] - Altogether, that makes 74 nations where the US is fighting or “helping” some force in some proxy struggle that has been deemed beneficial by the nation’s masters of war. *** A Congressional Research Service (CRS) provides an accounting of all the publicly acknowledged deployments of US military forces. - But those are just the public operations. - Gosztola notes that the covert operations are uncountable: Beyond that, there are Special Operations forces in countries. Jeremy Scahill in Dirty Wars: The World is a Battlefield, writes, “By mid-2010, the Obama administration had increased the presence of Special Operations forces from sixty countries to seventy-five countries. - Scahill also reports, based on his own “well-placed special operations sources”: …[A]mong the countries where [Joint Special Operations Command] teams had been deployed under the Obama administration were: Iran, Georgia, Ukraine, Bolivia, Paraguay, Ecuador, Peru, Yemen, Pakistan (including in Baluchistan) and the Philippines. These teams also at times deployed in Turkey, Belgium, France and Spain. JSOC was also supporting US Drug Enforcement Agency operations in Colombia and Mexico… Since President Barack Obama has been willing to give the go ahead to operations that President George W. Bush would not have approved, operations have been much more aggressive and, presumably, JSOC has been able to fan out and work in way more countries than ever expected. - Global assassinations have been embraced by the current administration, opening the door to night raids, drone strikes, missile attacks where cluster bombs are used, etc. Each of these operations, as witnessed or experienced by the civilian populations of countries, potentially inflame and increase the number of areas in the world where there are conflict zones. - *** The world is literally a battlefield with conflicts being waged by the US (or with the “help” of the US). And, no country is off-limits to US military forces. - Of course, JSOC is not accountable to Congress … let alone the public: JSOC operates outside the confines of the traditional military and even beyond what the CIA is able to do. - *** - But it goes well beyond the war zones. In concert with the Executive’s new claims on extra-judicial assassinations via drone strikes, even if the target is an American citizen, JSOC goes around the world murdering suspects without the oversight of a judge or, god forbid, granting those unfortunate souls the right to defend themselves in court against secret, evidence-less government decrees about their guilt. As Pulitzer Prize winning journalist Seymour Hersh said at a speaking event in 2009: Congress has no oversight of it. It’s an executive assassination ring essentially, and it’s been going on and on and on. - *** - There are legal restrictions on what the CIA can do in terms of covert operations. There has to be a finding, the president has to notify at least the “Gang of Eight” [leaders of the intelligence oversight committees] in Congress. JSOC doesn’t have to do any of that. There is very little accountability for their actions. What’s weird is that many in congress who’d be very sensitive to CIA operations almost treat JSOC as an entity that doesn’t have to submit to oversight. It’s almost like this is the president’s private army, we’ll let the president do what he needs to do. - - Facebook, 15.5.13. – I do not and cannot know how much of this is true. But all larger territorial States tend to be Warfare States and do commit many criminal actions. Anti-Americanism is also very inventive in its accusations. But the USA has, certainly, too much power, including nuclear “weapons” and power does corrupt the power holders as well as their victims. – JZ, 20.5.13. - WARFARE STATES, USA, CIA

WAR: Under full market freedom there will be no war. It isn’t the predominant free consumer choice in any of its aspects, means and aims. The minority which somewhat could benefit would no longer have enforced customers and victims. – JZ - If they managed to kill each other off, in private fights, without wronging or harming anyone else, who would care? – JZ 27.8.08. - Perhaps we should arrange TV appearances for them, for their fights to the death of either or of both. Such fights would be more useful to mankind than fights between boxers, wrestlers and football players. - We could then celebrate that there would be at least one less of these territorial leading bastards, these power addicts. - We should have them in our power. They should not have us in their power. - JZ, 10.4.11. - FREEDOM, TERRITORIALISM, DUELS BETWEEN TERRITORIAL LEADERS RATHER THAN WARS BETWEEN THEIR SUBJECTS.

WAR: Under the sky is no uglier spectacle than two men with clenched teeth, and hellfire eyes, hacking one another’s flesh; converting precious living bodies, and priceless living souls, into nameless masses of putrescence, useful only for turnip-manure.” – Thomas Carlyle, Past and Present, III, 1843. - If these "victims" were merely the usual cruel territorial leaders, that would be a cause for a celebration! - JZ, 10.4.11. - DUELS BETWEEN MISLEADERS INSTEAD OF WARS BETWEEN THEIR LARGELY INVOLUNTARY SUBJECTS & VICTIMS

WAR: Undoubtedly this is the most stupid, senseless and unnecessary war of modern times. It is a war not wanted by Germany. I can assure you, but it was forced on us and the fact that we were so effectually prepared to defend ourselves is now being used as an argument to convince the world that we desire conflict.” - The German Crown Prince Wilhelm, then commanding one of the German armies in France, in an interview, Nov. 1914, quoted by: Phillip Knightley, The First Casualty. The War Correspondent as Hero, Propagandist and Myth Maker, Quartet books, 1975, 1982, p.103. – It would have been more helpful if he had proclaimed quite rightful war aims and peace conditions. Alas, they were amiss, even at that level! – Each side felt attacked or threatened by attack, with no rightful aims known or made known. – Their “principle” seems to have been: “What we can take we will!” – according to Ulrich von Beckerath, who was a soldier in that war. - JZ, 14.5.00, 9.9.08. - WW I - Territorialism does actually threaten all States, all governments and their populations. It is the main enemy but, alas, not yet generally seen as such. - JZ, 10.4.11. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, ABSENCE OF RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS

WAR: Up to the present, war has been a means used by human groups to divide up the earth and its resources, and at the same time to strengthen nationhood and, unconsciously, to serve the evolution of racial groups.” - A. P. Elkin, “War and the Biological Struggle for Existence”, in “Paths to Peace”, ed. by V. H. Wallace, Melbourne University Press, 1957, p.35. - Immanuel Kant, in his "Eternal Peace" pointed out that war creates more bad men than it eliminates. - Moreover, it kills many more innocent people than guilty ones. - Is there any nonsense that has not yet been advanced as if it were a truth regarding war and peace? - JZ, 10.4.11.  – Q.

WAR: War – like many other of today’s problems – is the culmination of the breaking of the principles of individual freedom, not once, but thousands of times.” – E. W., Dykes, THE FREEMAN, Jan. 64. – Should we be surprised seeing that we have still not bothered to compile, publish and thoroughly discuss an ideal declaration of all individual rights and liberties? – JZ, 28.8.08. Or one of quite rightful war- and peace aims? – JZ, 16.5.14. - GENUINE INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES.

WAR: War – one of the many malfunctions of the territorial nation State. – JZ, 4.9.99. – But it must be admitted that as Warfare States they do function, all too much and all too often – but, possibly, never for quite rightful causes only. – JZ, 21.8.08, 10.4.11, 15.5.14. – TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATE, WAR AIMS

WAR: War … the work of the … government, not of the … people.” – Tolstoy – Competing governments, of volunteers only and confined to exterritorial autonomy and personal laws, would no longer be Warfare States. – JZ, 21.8.08. - GOVERNMENT, PEOPLE, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM

WAR: War against all war-mongers! – JZ, 11.2.73. - It would only require a limited and rightful police or militia action and some simple and discriminating weapons. - Apart from this, a lot of rethinking towards sound ideas and opinions on the whole subject. - JZ, 10.4.11. – In some cases only a single tyrannicide might be required. – JZ, 16.5.14.

WAR: War and revolution never produce what is wanted, but only some mixture of the old evils with new ones.” – W. G. Sumner, War, 1903. – I think that libertarians, anarchists and panarchists should reinvent both institutions, turning them into something very limited, quite rightful and peace-, justice- and freedom-promoting, with a minimum of the use of force and this directed only against the remaining territorial power mongers and war criminals. A dream castle in the clouds? Let’s draft some blueprints and build some sound foundations for it! – JZ, 21.8.08. - EXTERRITORIALISM VS. TERRITORIALISM, VOLUNTARISM VS. COMPULSION, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY VS. GOVERNMENTAL SOVEREIGNTY.

WAR: War between two civilized nations is high treason against civilization.” – Sylva. – It is also treason against civilization to call the wars between territorial governments - wars between “nations”, since the people of nations have no say on such matters. Wars are all decided on by only a handful of people on all sides. And by now some of these few misleaders are even “armed” with ABC mass murder or anti-people devices. – Once we get our terminology, our definitions, our concepts right, we will be much closer to peace, e.g. a peace between the peoples themselves, concluded over the heads of their rulers and directed only against the war mongers on both sides. – JZ, 25.8.08. - TREASON, CIVILIZATION, GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, PEOPLES, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES, WAR AIMS

WAR: War can only be abolished through war, and in order to get rid of the gun it is necessary to take up the gun.” – Mao Tse-Tung, Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung, 1966, p.5. – Alas, he had something else in mind than an ideal militia for the protection of genuine individual rights and liberties. – No other Chinese has ever commanded the murder and oppression of so many other Chinese as he did. – JZ, 18.11.85, 22.8.08. - Territorialism gave him this chance, as it did every other dictator or tyrant or mere authoritarian. - JZ, 10.4.11.

WAR: War cannot be divorced from politics for a single moment.” – Mao Tse-Tung, Lecture, 1938, THE NATION, April 16, 1955. – Quoted in Seldes. - From territorial politics. The exterritorial autonomy politics of societies and communities of volunteers tends to be quite peaceful, non-aggressive, but also powerful against the few remaining aggressors. – JZ, 27.8.08. – Precisely because of that they are still suppressed, even more so than private criminals are, who are trying to compete with the crimes of territorial politicians. - JZ, 10.4.11. - POLITICS, TERRITORIALISM, CRIMES, TERRITORIALISM & STATISM VS. PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS, ALL NLLY FOR THEIR VOLUNTEERS

WAR: War cannot be driven out by war, for the use of evil breeds more evil, hostility more hostility, and the use of force more force.” - Hans F. Sennholz, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. – This assumes that no war can be rightfully conducted. But if a defensive war had exclusively quite rightful war aims and were conducted in accordance with them, as a liberation war or revolutionary war, only against the real enemy, a despotic regime, rather than its subjects, against the war mongers rather than their victims, then it could become reduced to a quite rightful police action or even that might become unnecessary, because the regime would be soon overthrown, perhaps even by its own military forces. – JZ, 10.1.08, 10.4.11. - DEFENCE, LIBERATION, REVOLUTIONARY WARFARE, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS

WAR: War comes from the individual’s ignorance of his own nature, from his placing responsibility for the moral values of his own life in a fantasy, in a pagan god which he imagines exists outside himself and superior to him and controlling him – an Immortal Italy, a German Race, a Nation, a State.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.59. – NATIONALISM, IDEOLOGIES, RACISM, IDEOLOGIES, FAITH, IGNORANCE, MAN, HUMAN NATURE, KNOWLEDGE OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, ENLIGHTENMENT, MORALITY, STATISM, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, TERRITORIALISM, LEADERSHIP

WAR: War consists not only in actual warfare but also in the general insecurity of all before everyone and the readiness resulting from this to prepare for war is also a part of war and has for mankind almost the same consequences as actual warfare.” – J. G. Fichte, „Das gegenwaertige Zeitalter. – JZ tr. of: “Krieg is aber nicht nur, wenn Krieg gefuehrt wird, sondern die allgemeine Unsicherheit aller vor allen, und die daraus erfolgende immerwaehrende Bereitschaft zum Kriege ist auch Krieg und hat fuer das Menschengeschlecht fast dieselben Folgen wie der gefuehrte Krieg.” - No one's genuine individual rights and liberties are so far fully secure nor are they even widely enough known and appreciated. To that extent we are still living like savages in the wilderness, surrounded by different savages and wild beasts. - Civilization would be a good alternative. Let's start it. - JZ, 10.4.11. - TERRITORIALISM, PEACE, ARMISTICE, ARMS RACE, PREPARATIONS FOR WAR, TERRITORIALISM, TYRANNY & THE AUTHORITARIANISM OF PARLIAMENTS, COLLECTIVE & TERRITORIAL SOVEREIGNTY VS. INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNY, GENUINE CIVILIZATION & CULTURE, FREE SOCIETIES & GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS OF VOLUNTEERS VS. TERRITORIAL WARFARE STATES

WAR: War crushes, with bloody heel, all justice, all happiness, all that is God-like in man.” – Charles Sumner, Speech, Boston, July 4, 1845. – Quoted in Seldes.

WAR: War does not determine who is right – only who is left. – Bertrand Russell (1872-1970), English Philosopher, Author, 1950 Nobel Prize-Winner in LiteratureQuite rightful war and peace aims, sufficiently declared and published in time, could even prevent wars or lead rapidly to the overthrow or defeat of wrongful statist regimes. – Typically, no territorial government has ever declared them, nor could it do so as a territorial regime. - JZ, 26.4.13. – None has ever declared all individual rights and liberties, either. So what can we expect of them? – JZ, 16.5.14. - RIGHTFUL WAR & PEACE AIMS, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDIUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, STATISM, WARFARE STATES, TERRITORIALISM, VICTORY & RIGHTS, SURVIVAL, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

WAR: War does not only destroy the material goods upon which human survival depends. War is an active, destructive denial of the facts of human life, the facts of individual liberty and human brotherhood.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.59. – Nevertheless, who bothers, so far, about finally compiling an as good declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties as could be now by produced? - My digitized compilation of over 130 private human rights drafts, intended to start such an effort, in PEACE PLANS 589/590. It was so far, to my knowledge, almost totally ignored. It is on - I encountered, mostly, only "excuses" for not engaging in such an effort! Even among anarchists and libertarians! - And this already for half a century! - Has the all too flawed and incomplete draft of the UN, of 1948, killed off most interest in this subject? - Besides this, there are many famous or infamous leaders whom I never considered to be my brothers and I cannot see why I should. - JZ, 10.4.11. - LIBERTY, BROTHERHOOD, HUMAN RIGHTS DECLARATONS

WAR: War expenditures are tolerated only because the burdens are concealed in the increased cost of the things the people consume. ‘The art of plucking the goose without making it cry out’ has been developed to a high state of perfection at the hands of the war makers.” - Dykes, THE FREEMAN, Jan. 64. - INFLATION, INDIRECT TAXATION, COSTS OF WARS, FINANCING WARS

WAR: War feeds beauty to the beasts.” – JZ, 16.7.79.

WAR: War for his meals loves dainty food; // He spares the bad and takes the good.” – Darcy Wentworth Thompson, Sales Attici. - Does it murder all the good and innocent? – Are all those, good and innocent enough, who never bothered to think seriously about the ending and prevention of all wars? - JZ, 10.4.11, 16.5.14. – Q.

WAR: War for profit?Trade is mutually profitable, but war, being involuntary, is only profitable to some at the cost of losses suffered by others. Hence one can say that trade, but not war is profitable.” – George Kysor, THE CONNECTION 116, p.47. – TRADE, FREE TRADE, PROFIT, MARKET, WORLD MARKET,

WAR: War games between power-mad territorial rulers ought to be replaced by free human relations between their subjects, all to be liberated from their territorial rulers. – JZ, 5.12.81. – The only “uniform rule” to be permitted in the future would be that over volunteers, who are tolerant enough to confine all their activities to their own affairs and do leave those of their neighbors alone, regardless of their political, religious and social affiliations. – Who is to guarantee that condition? All those voluntarily united, in their own interest, in order to be able to go on doing their own things, for or to themselves. – No more territorial bullying! - JZ, 20.8.08. - Alas, so far we haven't even got rid of bullying in schools! - JZ, 10.4.11.

WAR: War has all the characteristics of socialism most conservatives hate: Centralized power, state planning, false rationalism, restricted liberties, foolish optimism about intended results, and blindness to unintended secondary results.” – Joseph Sobran (1991) - STATE SOCIALISM & CONSERVATISM, CENTRALISM, POWER, PLANNING

WAR: War has always been the primary function of Old World Government. Men living in the Old World use a large part of their energy in killing men and in destroying food, shelter, and all other necessities of human life.” - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.56. – Has the New World been really much or sufficiently better in this respect? – JZ, 27.8.08. - TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATES, GOVERNMENTS

WAR: War has become a spectator sport for Americans. – Rear Admiral Gene R. LaRocque, Co-founder, Center for Defense Information – Addiction to such news or events does also occur. – JZ, 26.4.13. - AS A SPECTATOR SPORT, TELEVISION, MASS MEDIA, PICTURES IN THE NEWSPAPERS & MAGAZINES.

WAR: War Has Become Megamurder.” – Heading of Chapter 1 in Lt.-Gen. E. L. M. Burns, Megamurder, 1966, p.1.


WAR: War has been on my mind for over half a century – because it is such a mindless practice. – JZ, 11.11.93. - REMEMBRANCE DAY

WAR: War has been the necessary and inevitable consequence of the establishment of a monopoly on security. – Gustave de Molinari, The Production of Security, Laissez Faire Capitalism – Facebook, 27.10.13. - WARFARE STATE, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: War has great advantages, …  – Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, transl. Henry Reeve, Cambridge, Sever & Francis, 1863, chapter ON WAR, SOCIETY, AND THE MILITARY. – To whom? Advantages in balance? Or is it, rather, a losing business even for the victorious government? – JZ, 25.2.13.

WAR: War has on the whole “assumed the form of cold-blooded and systematic destruction from which unarmed civilians and armed soldiers suffer alike. …” - Irving Louis Horowitz, War and Peace in Contemporary Social and Philosophical Theory, a condor book, 1957, 1973, Chapter 12: Ralph Barton Perry: Universal Individualism, p.181. - That was neither a rightful nor a necessary development and it could become reversed, rightfully and efficiently, with conscripted soldiers and forced civilian labor being effectively turned against their slave masters and war mongers - by quite rightful peace aims of the supposed “enemy”, whose unilateral peace offer to these slaves and also whose one-sided freedom and rights practices in "his" countries, could become more attractive than all the promises and threats of their present territorial masters. However, this possibility has to become seriously examined and practised in every respect, instead of being rejected out of hand as if a genuine defence against the real aggressors and quite rightful aims and policies against their victims, in the countries subdued by them, had become quite impossible. E.g. a tyrant, armed with nuclear weapons, cannot effectively defend himself with them against a knife, poison, revolver or a hand grenade or even against a person very skilled in unarmed combat. – How and with whom could he defend himself against a federation of governments in exile, what would offer each of his subjects the government or society of his or her dreams or choice? – Tyrants are strengthened by opposing them with tyrannical means and aims. Trying to impose a territorial democracy by force of arms upon an all too internally divided peoples, e.g. in Iraq and in Afghanistan, does also amounts to tyranny and does not find sufficient compliance but rather unites many factions in their resistance to all such efforts. – It is deplorable that our “great leaders” are unaware of much better war and peace aims and warfare methods and do not even search for them, although with a little effort they could find them on the Internet. Their “intelligence services” also seem to be unable to find these "open" secrets. - JZ, 29.9.07. - & WARFARE, TOTAL WAR, SECRET SERVICES, BLINDED BY THEIR TERRITORIAL PREMISES, TERRITORIALISM, WAR AIMS, LIBERATION, DES., SECRET ALLLIES, GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE AS THE BEST ALLIES

WAR: War in practice is always an attempt to circumvent the process of reasoning, which is slow and difficult. Fighting and reasoning are different means to the same end (*), and if we assume that the life of reason is an absolute value and war merely a means sanctioned by the values it aims to establish, and not in itself an absolute value, then we must agree with Santayana that the only rational war is a war to end war.” - Herbert Read, Anarchy and Order, p.115. – (*) The fighters in wars usually have no clearly and reasoned out rightful war- and peace-aims! – JZ, 20.8.08. – REASON, LACK OF SOUND IDEAS & PROGRAMS

WAR: War involves in its progress such train of unforeseen and unsupposed circumstances that no human wisdom can calculate the end. It has but one thing certain, and that is to increase taxes.” – Thomas Paine, Prospects on the Rubicon, 1787.

WAR: War is a “game” in which all sides lose – even if one “wins”. – JZ, 8.7.96.

WAR: War is a biological necessity of the first importance.” – Friedrich von Bernhardi, Germany and the Next war. 1912. – He constituted a good example for the ignorance, prejudices and degeneration of much of the German aristocracy. – Is there any nonsense that has not as yet been uttered by some “intellectual” in defence of war? – E.g.: “War is only a sort of dramatic representation, a sort of dramatic symbol of a thousand forms of duty.” – Woodrow Wilson, Speech at Brooklyn, May 11, 1914. – But at least, before he made his 1917 peace proposals, Wilson had read Immanuel Kant, “Eternal Peace”, in which Kant declares it to be a duty to work towards a peaceful and just society. - War, as conducted now, is the greatest or second greatest crime of all. – JZ, 7.11.85, 21.8.08. - A great war always creates more scoundrels than it kills.” – “Author unidentified.” – I am pretty sure that Immanuel Kant makes this remark, too, in his “Eternal Peace” essay. – JZ, 21.8.08.

WAR: War is a business that ruins those who succeed in it.” – Alas, my clipping gives me only “ibid” as the author! – Apart from a few war profiteers. – Even my father was one of these, in the end. – While at first, as a stateless person and known opponent of the regime, he was not permitted to work, as the war went on and labor was in short supply, he did get jobs. Towards the end, he got involved in producing a kind of new photographic paper, while such paper was then also in very short supply. It was a tiny and manual rather than machine-equipped enterprise, a garage business, for him and his second wife, Maria. Nevertheless, a very profitable one for them. So that, at the end of the war, after being bombed-out twice, he had a saving of ca. 300 000 RM and with them he started a publishing business – till he was eked out of Austria as a "foreigner". - JZ, 21.8.08. - VICTORY, WAR PROFITS OF K. Z.

WAR: War is a condition in which force is used to restrain others. The force applied and the aim pursued need not necessarily be wrong but may be purely defensive and thereby justified. All other types of wars are condemnable. – JZ, n.d. - DEFENCE VS. AGGRESSION

WAR: War is a game in which princes seldom win, the people never.” – Charles Caleb Colton, Lacon, 1825, 1.534. – PEOPLE, RULERS

WAR: War is a good investment. Mothers, invest your children!” – Sponti-Spezial, Eichborn Verlag, p. 62. – (“Krieg ist ein gutes Geschaeft. Muetter – investiert Eure Kinder!“)

WAR: War is a ludicrous enough proposition without waving ribbons around, or engaging in ironic rites.” - Eric Lambert, Glory Thrown In, p.28. - MEDALS, RIBBONS & HONORS

WAR: War is a monstrosity that can and must be ended if the race is to continue.” – Mack Reynolds, in comment to his SF story “Retaliation”. – NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

WAR: War is a quarrel between two thieves too cowardly to fight their own battle; therefore they take boys from one village and another village, stick them into uniforms, equip them with guns, and let them loose like wild beasts against each other. - Thomas Carlyle, quoted in FFF Daily, 26.11.13. – CONSCRIPTION, LEADERSHIP, RULERS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

WAR: War is a quarrel between two thieves too cowardly to fight their own battle; therefore they take boys from one village and another village, stick them into uniforms, equip them with guns, and let them loose like wild beasts against each other.” – Thomas Carlyle. – And they call that “leadership” and claim to be “great” men! – JZ, 22.4.09.

WAR: War is a racket. It always has been. It is possibly the oldest, easily the most profitable, surely the most vicious.” - General Smedley Butler – Its losses for the many for outnumber the profits of the few. – Even that fact still remains largely overlooked in public opinion. – JZ, 16.5.14. – PROFITABLE?

WAR: War is a ritual, a deadly ritual, not the result of aggressive self-assertion, but of self-transcending identification. Without loyalty to tribe, church, flag or ideal, there would be no wars.” - Arthur Koestler. - And these “ideals” are usually only territorially defined! - JZ, 11.2.02. - & LOYALTY, SOLIDARITY, COMPULSORY COLLECTIVISM, FAITH, BELIEFS, FANATICISM, THE “IDEALISM” OF STATISM, ALTRUISM, & NATIONALISM VS. INDIVIDUALISM, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA

WAR: War is a violation of the principle of liberty as well as of justice. It is founded on force; its method is violence; its theory is “Might is right”; its purpose is to conquer or destroy. Its great heroes are those who have slaughtered the greatest number of people; its Alexanders, its Napoleons. Napoleon said that “God is always on the side of the strong battalions.” When differences between nations are settled by appeals to force, and not to justice, the strongest nations soon demonstrate that they are right. While the majority of men have outgrown the notion that a pugilist is in the right and an invalid is in the wrong because the former can thrash the latter, an analogous opinion is still entertained by those nations that rely solely on arms to vindicate the right.” – Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.27. - LIBERTY, JUSTICE

WAR: war is a whole lot harder to stop than to start.” – Deborah Wheeler, Jaydium, p.241. - Especially if one has no quite rightful war- and peace aims and excludes e.g. mass fraternization, desertion, military insurrections, revolutions, putsches and treason right away and continues to follow the orders of territorial governments. – JZ, 16.9.07.

WAR: war is alien to all who are involved in the actual production of things and of ideas which contribute to human and social amelioration.” – F. A. E. Crew, Must Man Wage War? Thrift Books, London, 1952, p.36.

WAR: War is always directed against innocent people.” – Butler Shaffer, The Wizards of Ozymandias, chapter 69. – Are all soldiers, officers and generals as well as their civilian territorial rulers quite innocent? – JZ, 21.2.05, 10.4.11. - Obviously, some wars are more directed against innocents than are others. In our age of “enlightenment”, supposedly more civilized than previous periods, the death rate of innocent civilians murdered in wars, is rising, as a percentage of the all people killed in wars. Sometimes it has become safer to be a soldier, not only a leading politician, than to be a civilian. – The ultimate crime and stupidity would be nuclear war. - JZ, 29.10.07. - The Hague conventions on warfare contain clauses for the protection of noncombatants and open cities. Governments signed them – and then largely ignored them. – JZ, 21.4.09, 10.4.11. - CIVILIANS, NONCOMBATANTS, INNOCENTS, WARFARE METHODS, INDISCRIMINATE AIR RAIDS, BLOCKADES, SIEGES, TOTAL WAR, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, 

WAR: War is an act of power, of murder, of robbery. … It is the sharpest and clearest life expression of the State. … “ – Gustav Landauer, War, 1922. – Rather of its deadliness. – JZ, 27.8.08. – In another version: “War is an act of power, of murder, of robbery. It is the sharpest and clearest expression of the State.” – Gustav Landauer, 1912. – Compare: Randolph Bourne: “War is the health of the State!” - STATE, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, POWER, TAXATION, CONSCRIPTION, REQUISITIONING, POWER, CONQUEST, WARFARE STATE

WAR: War is an attempt of one group to impose its will upon another group by armed violence. This is the immediate object of a war. But war has wider implications. War offers those in power a chance to rid themselves of opposition while covering up their designs with patriotic slogans.” – Scott Nearing, The Making of a Radical, Harper & Row, 1972, p.212. – TERRITORIALISM, STATE, INTOLERANCE

WAR: War is an invention of the human mind. The human mind can also invent peace with justice.” – Norman Cousins. – Why have all the relevant inventions, discoveries, proposals, plans or blueprints not yet been sufficiently published and discussed? – JZ, 27.8.08. – PEACE, JUSTICE FREEDOM, IDEAS ARCHIVE, SUPER-COMPUTER PROJECT, Q.

WAR: War is an uneconomical, inefficient, and temporary way of trying to get something.” – Lee Correy, Manna, in ANALOG June 83, p.138. – The price to be paid, in lives, crippled lives, sickness, hunger, destruction and in rights and liberties, incomes and wealth does, in balance, far exceed its “achievements”. – Nevertheless, it is still all too popular with territorial States, which are, at least from a certain size on upwards, by their very nature Warfare States, either already engaged in a hot war or preparing for the next one, also at an enormous cost, in money, productive labor lost and even in lives, if one considers the accidental losses in their military exercises. - JZ, 26.8.08. – It is also one of the largest of the quite wrongful actions, at least on one side, if not on both. Internal mass murders and abortions may be the only crimes that have more victims. Only a nuclear war could have still more victims. It may even finish us off altogether, in a general nuclear holocaust. At least in wars the combatants can fight back. Mass murdered people, like Jews and Gypsies and others, in Nazi-extermination camps, had, mostly, no chance to fight back. They were neither armed nor organized and trained for this. Before their incarceration they were not even free to emigrate – because of the numerous immigration barriers in other countries. The most innocent, helpless and defenceless victims of mass murders are the unborn. And they are murdered by their parents, with the help of medical experts! – JZ, 22.4.09. – MASS MURDERS, “ETHNIC CLEANSING”, “FINAL SOLUTION”, EXTERMINATION CAMPS, ABORTION, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

WAR: War is an unreasonable decision – and it can make a man lose his reason. – JZ, 13.5.77.

WAR: War is as much a punishment to the punisher as to the sufferer.” – Thomas Jefferson, Letter to Tench Coxe, May 1794. – Apparently, it was never as yet punishment enough to deter people from starting or participating in this crime. – JZ, 21.8.08. - Were all the genuine war criminals always and sufficiently punished? Weren't most of the burdens put on the shoulders of their killed, crippled and surviving victims? - JZ, 10.4.11, 16.5.14. -

WAR: War is blind.” – West African proverb. – The question is: Is its blindness curable? Can it be turned towards some rightful purposes into some rightful although forceful actions? I believe that to be possible, for defensive, liberating and revolutionary wars. – JZ, 22.8.08, 10.4.11. - WAR AIMS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, WARFARE, DESERTION, MILITIA, POWs, AIR RAIDS, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, DEFENCE, LIBERATION, PEACE, GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE, PANARCHISM, SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY & EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, , Q.

WAR: War is both the product of an earlier corruption and a producer of new corruptions. – Lewis Mumford, “The Challenge to Renewal”, “The Conduct of Life”, 1951.

WAR: War is both the silliest and cruelest activity that man can give himself.” – Remark by an Australian WW I veteran.

WAR: War is by far the most important psychopathic activity of modern states.” - Alex Comfort, “Authority and Delinquency”, p.57. – Territorial States are psychopathic institutions, currently dominating this world. – JZ, 2.7.13. - WARFARE STATE, TERRITORIALISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY

WAR: War is caused by the ancient pagan belief that Authority controls individuals, and must and should control them. This belief is in individual minds, and no force whatever can change any man’s mind. War will end when a majority of men on this earth know that every man is free. Each person must see for himself that everyone is self-controlling and responsible.” – Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.69/70. – Are we already or should that be our main aim? - JZ, 10.4.11. - CONTROL, SELF-CONTROL, SELF-MANAGEMENT, SELF-GOVERNMENT, SELF-DETERMINATION, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, META-UTOPIA, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, POLYARCHISM

WAR: War is confined to a few persons and the many are friends.” – Plato, The Republic, b.7, sect. 471, tr. Jowett. - That should be the case, alas it was not and it is not! – JZ, 27.8.08. - The top and criminal territorial leaders are, indeed, only a few. The masses subjected to them, are certainly not friendly, brotherly and tolerant towards each other, enough to leave all groups of volunteers among them quite free to do their own things. - JZ, 10.4.11. - TERRITORIALISM, DIVERSITY WITHOUT THE OUTLET INTO EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, DUELS,

WAR: War is degrading, because the individual disappears before the wrongful and irrational conception of the State. … What a perversion of morality it is to wish to establish murder as heroism among men! – JZ, just reversing the meaning of: “War is elevating, because the individual disappears before the great conception of the state … What a perversion of morality to wish to abolish heroism among men!” – Treitschke, Politics, Vol. I, p.74. – Such immoral nonsense was taught at German universities before WW I! – JZ, 22.8.08. -

WAR: War is essentially the playground of the psychopath in society.” – Alex Comfort, “Authority and Delinquency”, p.64. - Not in society or in societies but, rather, in territorial States. – JZ, 27.8.08. - , LEADERSHIP, POWER ADDICTS, WARFARE STATES

WAR: War is ever the survival of the unfittest.” – Lieutenant William St. Leger, quoted by Micheal Moynihan, editor of “People at War 1914-1918” from a review in THE AUSTRALIAN, 18.1.75. - Compare Kant’s remark in “Eternal Peacethat war would be bad by producing more bad people than it eliminates.” – In quite free and peaceful competition the reverse is largely the case, provided that innovations and talents, too, are properly marketed by the special markets that they need and deserve. - JZ, 28.808. - SURVIVAL OF THE UNFITTEST INSTEAD OF SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST, IDEAS ARCHIVE, TALENT CENTER

WAR: war is force unbridled, at a gallop.” - T. H. White, The Book of Merlyn, p.116.

WAR: War is good business: invest your son." - bumper-sticker from the 1960s. - JOKES

WAR: War is just one more big government program.” – Joseph Sobran – Another version: War is just one more government program. - Joseph Sobran - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. Also in:  – & GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS, TERRITORIALISM, PEACE, WARFARE STATE. STATISM

WAR: War is like a big machine that no one really knows how to run and when it gets out of control it ends up destroying the things you thought you were fighting for, and a lot of other things you kinda forgot you had.” - Anonymous – Used by Butler Shaffer in The Myth of National Defence, on - as his motto. – There to be found is also the archive of Michael S. Rozeff, with by now probably close to 300 articles, at least some of them panarchistic and for monetary freedom. I have not yet got around to extract his best wordings for this collection and hope someone else will help with this. There are also the archives of dozens, if not even hundreds of other libertarians to be found – and extracted. But my reading time and energy and remaining life span are all too limited. – JZ, 22.4.09.

WAR: War is made possible by large degrees of territorial State Socialism and does multiply these degrees rapidly. In wars the State Socialists do quite openly get away even with mass murder. – JZ, 9.11.92. – STATISM, STAT SOCIALISM, MASS MURDER

WAR: War is mass murder organized in cold blood.” – Aldous Huxley, Ends and Means, 1937, p.89. - This type of war is certainly to be eliminated. But is it murder to eliminate murderers? Aggressive regimes should certainly be distinguished from genuinely defensive ones. Are there not some forms of defensive actions, which ought not to be completely rejected? Are conscripts under military discipline always murderers or also victims? At least they should be given incentives to rise against their military slave-masters, instead of fighting for them and the chance to desert or to declare that they were forced to fight and then liberated, instead of being interned or treated as prisoners of war, i.e. as enemies. – JZ, 23.8.08. – DESERTION, WARFARE, WAR AIMS, REVOLUTIONARY WARFARE, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES, TREATMENT OF POW’s

WAR: War is much too serious a matter to be entrusted to the military.” - Attributed to various Frenchmen, including Talleyrand, Clemenceau, and Briand. - Unverified. - Often heard, "… entrusted to generals." – “War is much too serious a thing to be left to military men.” – Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, quoted by Briand to Lloyd George; also spoken by Clemenceau as his own. - Quoted in Seldes. - Or to civilian territorial statists, i.e., politicians. - JZ, 10.4.11. - GENERALS, MILITARY, POLITICIANS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: War is much too serious a thing to be left to the government.” – Charles Sheffield, Fixed-Price War, ANALOG 5/78. – Anarchist and panarchist version: War is much too serious a thing for any territorial government to be allowed to exist any longer. – JZ, 30.3.80, 20.8.08. – PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, PEACE, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA

WAR: War is never the best way to get rid of a dictator or a tyrant. – JZ, 16.2.03. – It might even lead to the murder of more innocents than were murdered upon orders by a dictators or a tyrant. – JZ, 21.10.07, 16.5.14. - DICTATORS & TYRANTS, IRAQ, AFGHANISTAN, TERRORISM, TOTALITARIANISM

WAR: War is no more necessary than tyranny, …” Teach Yourself Books, “The Speaker and Debater”, p.84.

WAR: War is not an independent phenomenon, but the continuation of politics by different means. – Carl von Clausewitz– We are all living in occupied countries, occupied by our territorial governments, not free to secede from them to do our own things for and to ourselves, without making any territorial monopoly claims, together with like-minded volunteers. And these internal occupiers all too often conduct turf wars with other internal occupiers just like Mafia gangs and drug dealers fight for their present or more turf. – Only the latter do so without false pretences and they do not kill as many of their customers but, rather, discriminatingly, more of their own enforcers and competitors only. They are not as indiscriminately mass murderous as our military "experts" are, all too often. – JZ, 22.4.09. The exterritorial autonomy and personal law politics of volunteers avoids the frictions of wars and also most of those of peace or armistices between wars. – JZ, 6.4.12.  - It is only the continuation of territorial politics by other means. Peace requires justice, individual rights and liberties, combined with quite rightful war- and peace aims, which territorial governments cannot sufficiently assure, do not even sufficiently know and appreciate. They certainly haven’t declared and respected all of them. – JZ, 25.4.13. –  PEACE, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, INDIVDIUAL & GROUP SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW ALTERNATIVES, VS. POLITICS UNDER TERRITORIALSM & STATISM, TAXATION, INFLATION, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, POWER ADDICTION, MAFIA, ORGANIZED CRIME

WAR: war is not biologically founded. The fact that its occurrence cannot be traced to the earliest beginnings of human culture is significant. Obviously, if war were necessary to human evolution, if it were something without which human groups have to decay and by which the actual birth of cultural realities took place under the greatest strains and against the heaviest odds… - Bronislaw Malinowski, An Anthropological Analysis of War, in WAR – Studies from Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, rev. and enlarged edition, ed. by Leon Bramson & George W. Goethals, Basic Books, Inc., Publishers, New York, London, 1968, p.262. - MAN, MANKIND, HUMAN BEINGS, HUMAN NATURE, EVOLUTION, AGGRESSIVENESS? DEVELOPMENT

WAR: War is not in the nature of man; defense is. Ancient, naked man was a grain and root eater, having neither fang nor claw nor swiftness nor the stomach to hunt down, tear apart, and devour other hide-covered animals.” – Dagobert D. Runes, On the Nature of Man, p.62. – The first sentence is also in his “A Book of Contemplation”, p.140 and in his “A Dictionary of Thought.” - He should not have forgotten about fruit, worms, insects, birds, rats, mice, mushrooms, greens, fish, shellfish, etc. And some of them were fleet enough and enduring on their feet to hunt larger animals down to exhaustion! - Even primitive and Aboriginal man in Australia was already a match for many of the larger animals, which he wiped out. Among his earliest tools were – weapons! But he was wise enough - or too busy trying to survive - not to organize for war, apart from the occasional cannibalistic raid or raid for slaves or women. – On the other hand, there are at least 50 quite peaceful tribes on record. And some even treat their women and children well. – JZ, 20.8.08, 10.4.11. - MAN, DEFENCE, HUMAN NATURE

WAR: War is not inevitable on biological grounds. The best apology for it is that it is possibly the defensive aspect of that urge for sociability and co-operation, which is inherent in man. He defends his family and home, and through nurture and association enlarges the range of this in-group.” - A. P. Elkin, “War and the Biological Struggle for Existence”, in “Paths to Peace”, ed. by V. H. Wallace, Melbourne University Press, 1957, pp.38. – States were mostly the results of aggressions and occupations and persisted as Warfare States in most cases. Genuine defence efforts do not need them. – The continuance of States is still enforced by the outlawry of secessionism and of  exterritorially autonomous personal law societies for volunteers. - JZ, 16.5.14. - MAN, AGGRESSIVENESS? STATISM, AGGRESSION, TERRITORIALISM, MONOPOLISM, WARFARE STATES VS. INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETITION, FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, ASSOCIATION, LAISSEZ FAIRE & EXPERIMENTATION IN EVERY SPHERE NOW WRONGFULLY MONOPOLIZED BY TERRITORIA GOVERNMENTS

WAR: War is not merely a political act but a real political instrument, a continuation of political intercourse, a carrying out of the same by other means. – Another version of the same idea: … war is nothing but a continuation of political intercourse with an admixture of other means. - Karl von Clausewitz, Vom Kriege, I, 1832. – Der Originalwortlaut aus Clausewitz, “Vom Kriege”, II. Aufl., 1832, S. 620: “Der Krieg ist nichts al seine Fortsetzung des politischen Verkehrs mit Einmischung anderer Mittel, um damit zugleich zu behaupten, dass dieser politische Verkehr durch den Krieg selbst nicht aufhoert, nicht in etwas anderes verwandt wird, sondern dass er in seinem Wesen fortbesteht, wie auch die Mittel gestaltet sein moegen, deren er sich bedient.“ - It is just another form of territorialist wrongs and nonsense! – However, neither has to be conducted, organized and institutionalized in this way! - JZ, 21.8.08, 10.4.11. – War is, rather, the result of territorial politics and statism. – JZ, 31.5.13. - POLITICS, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, STATISM, POWER, COERCION, COMPULSION, FORCE, MONOPOLISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW OPTIONS, EXTERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIAL IMPERATIVE

WAR: War is not simply violent behaviour on the part of individuals. It is the organized and skillful use of force by one group for the purpose of overcoming another group of the same kind of species. (*) As such, it is non-existent in the animal kingdom, unless the slave-making ants provide an exception. … The fact is that ‘war is practically unknown biologically except among human beings’ (J. R. Baker and J. B. S. Haldane, “Biology in Everyday Life”, 1933, pp.84-88.). And with these, it is much more than biological; as political and military leaders in time of war recognize. They rely not on instincts, but on authority, on propaganda, on the challenge to defend high ideals, and on calls to realize noble goals … In any case, warfare as we know it is comparatively recent, being a concomitant or product of civilization. Indeed, one ethnologist, Dr. W. J. Perry (“The Primeordial Ocean”, pp.97-123, and “The Children of the Sun”, pp.146-63, 490-3.) maintained that it was not an element in the earliest civilization in the Near East, the ‘archaic civilization’ as he called it, but that it was developed along with the rise of ruling groups who, in the interest of their political ambitions, educated themselves and their followers in organized violent forms of behaviour.” – A. P. Elkin, “War and the Biological Struggle for Existence”, in “Paths to Peace”, ed. by V. H. Wallace, Melbourne University Press, 1957, pp.27/28. - - (*) It is also misleading to speak here of groups as if large territorial groups were really unified and acting in concert, instead of merely a few men put into power over a population, making all war and peace decisions, either by usurpation of power or by a constitutional concession to them, which took the need for such power for granted, without examining it and its consequences. – JZ, 25.8.08. – PROPAGANDA, TAXATION, CONSCRIPTION, DEFINITION OF WAR, BIOLOGICAL STRUGGLE? HUMAN NATURE, MAN, AGGRESSIVENESS, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, GOVERNMENTS

WAR: War is not sparing of the brave, but of cowards.” – Anacreaon, Epigram, Greek Anthology, Bk. vii, No. 160.

WAR: War is not violence and killing, pure and simple; war is controlled violence, for a purpose.” – Robert Heinlein, Starship Troopers, p.56. - How often or how rarely has it had a quite rightful purpose? – JZ, 27.8.08. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

WAR: War is nothing but a duel on a large scale.” – Karl von Clausewitz, Vom Kriege, I, 1832. – Duels were voluntary. The challenge had to be accepted and could be rejected. In the war “duel” there are millions of people who have no quarrel with each other and yet get (more or less against their will, fraudulently, deceived or coerced) involved in slaughtering each other, industrially, well equipped with machines and tools for this purpose. In duels with one or two shots it was usually all over and rarely did both of these idiots die. In those with swords etc. they often even merely nicked each other in the face, to demonstrate their “manhood”. Thus I do not understand why a clever guy, and officer, who had experienced wars and observed many duels, could arrive at such a misjudgment. If wars had been replaced by duels between the leaders then this would have made some sense. – JZ, 5.7.86, 21.8.08. - Also in Karl von Clausewitz, War, Politics & Power, 1962 edition, I, tr. Edward M. Collins. – If it really were merely a duel then all the participants would be volunteers and each would have chosen the opponent and the “offended” the weapons to be used. Then there would also be seconds as observers in the side-line and also authorized to immediately punish any offender against the rules. Duels, generally, tended to eliminate some of the worse characters. Wars tend to eliminate all types, whether they like it or not. They even to produce more bad types than they eliminate, as e.g. Kant said. – JZ, 21.11.85. – World wars and even wars between two State governments go very far beyond the duels between two persons. They involve dozens of territorial regimes and millions of their dissenting subjects, all involuntary victims, in uniform or civilians. – JZ, 2.7.13.

WAR: War is nothing but lies.” – Sun Tzu, as translated in A. L. Sadler, Three Military Classics of China, University of Sydney, Australasian Medical Publishing Company, Ltd., 1944. Quoted in: Larry Beinhart, American Hero, p.115. - A quite rightful defensive or liberating war would make maximum use of truths, like quite rightful war and peace aims and maximum publicity for them and would be conducted quite in accordance with them, which would, in practice, largely reduce it to a genuine police action against the real war criminals only, sparing conscripts, and civilians as innocents. – JZ, 12.9.07. – Wars were so far mostly conducted with and for too many lies and with and for all too few truths, if any. Governments pretend to be our protectors – but have still not declared all genuine individual rights and liberties. If they did, they would make themselves superfluous. – Thus we, their victims, should compile and publish an ideal declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties, as one of our major “weapons” against them. – But its seems to me that most people cannot be bothered to participate in such an effort. Not even when they are confronted, in the long run, with a general nuclear holocaust. But they are very clever in their talks about which brand of wine, beer, cigarettes, cars or motorbikes is best, about music, literature, theatre, the ballet, movies, sports, fashions etc. – JZ, 22.4.09, 10.4.11. – Do the lies of politicians and mass media already constitute war? – JZ, 3.7.13. - CONVENTIONAL WAR, TERRITORIALISM, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT & APATHY TOWARDS INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

WAR: war is nothing more or less than sanctioned murder on an industrial scale, … “ – Tom Clancy, Clear and Present Danger, p.481.

WAR: War is simply public and authorized murder, in which hired men slaughter one another in the interest of tyrants. It proves nothing except the ambition of the people promoting it –“The sword is the weapon of whom who is in the wrong, the commonest resource of ignorance and stupidity.” It is merely imperial brigandage.” – G. Gorer, The Revolutionary Ideas of the Marquis de Sade, p.138.

WAR: War is the apotheosis of Power, the ultimate expression of the faith and the solidification of its achievement.” – Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.183. - POWER, STATE, WARFARE STATE, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, MILITARISM, ARMS RACE

WAR: War is the condition in which centralized government finds itself most fully in control. Most secure in its authority, and most readily able to command undisputed public allegiance.” – Alex Comfort, “Authority and Delinquency”, p.57. – GOVERNMENT, CENTRALIZATION, POWER, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: War is the contention between two or more states through their armed forces for the purpose of overpowering the other and imposing such conditions of peace as the victor pleases.” – L. F. L. Oppenheim, International Law, II, 1906. – Anarchists, libertarians and panarchists, obviously, will have to reinvent international law, the laws of warfare and the conduct and the final aims of wars as well. – And in the process they might not only defend whatever liberties and rights they already enjoy, in some countries, but gain their full range for themselves and for the people in their own countries and those on the other side of a border, who want to adopt as much freedom for themselves or, instead, only as little as they do appreciate already among themselves. – JZ, 21.8.08. –  LIBERATION, REVOLUTIONARY WARFARE, MILITIA, LIBERTARIAN DEFENCE, DESERTION, WAR AIMS, WARFARE, DESERTION

WAR: War is the extreme case of centralized, monopolized and collectivized decision-making. – JZ, 5.3.75, 24.8.08. – DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, TERRTORALISM

WAR: War is the gambling table of governments, and citizens the dupes of the game.” – Thomas Paine. – GOVERNMENTS, PEOPLE

WAR: War is the health of government. Without governments big wars would be impossible. Without taxes wars and governments would be impossible. Without the Federal Reserve the taxation (A.K.A. Theft) known as inflation wouldn't happen. Did you really vote for this? Yes, of course, if you voted at all. Duh! Don't talk about your intentions. Talk about reality. - How Murray Rothbard Changed my Mind on War - Thomas E. Woods, Jr. - -  Slim Richey – Facebook, 20.9.13.

WAR: War is the health of the State and nobody else. Put an end to the machinery of war - government - and you put an end to war. Simple, but most Kilroys are blind to it because, as much as they desire peace, they want the State around for other reasons.” - L. Neil Smith, Tom Paine Maru, p.177. - & GOVERNMENT, WARFARE STATE

WAR: War is the health of the State.” – Randolph Bourne (1917) – WAR & STATE, STATISM

WAR: War is the hope that one will be better off; next, the expectation that the other fellow will be worse off; then, the satisfaction that he isn't any better off; and, finally, the surprise at everyone's being worse off.” - Karl Kraus (1874-1936), Austrian writer. "Beim Wort genommen", (1955).

WAR: War is the method employed by all governments (*) to gain or retain power.” – Robert LeFevre, LEFEVRE’S JOURNAL, Sum. 77. – Let’s honor the few remaining tiny States of today that are so powerless and enlightened that they are not Warfare States! What do we have to fear from e.g. Monaco? – JZ, 20.8.08.

WAR: War is the most expensive things humans do.” - Rick Maybury, EARLY WARNING REPORT, May 2008, p. 5. - – The most expensive and bloody thing that territorial governments do. – JZ, 14.5.13.

WAR: War is the only surviving national activity in which the opportunity to shine is combined with a full indulgence for aggressive behavior and a pressing invitation to the individual to participate.” – Alex Comfort, “Authority and Delinquency”, p.63. - AGGRESSION

WAR: War is the province of chance. In no other sphere of human activity must such a margin be left for this intruder. It increases the uncertainty of every circumstance and deranges the course of events.” – Carl von Clausewitz, War, Politics and Power, 1962, p.3, tr. Edward M. Collins.

WAR: War is the secret weapon of governments against their own subjects. - JZ, 23.10.02. – It is not so much a secret weapon but a very powerful one against the own subjects, although formally directed against an insufficiently and largely wrongly defined outside “enemy”. – JZ, 21.4.09. - Compare Randolph Bourne: War is the health of the State. & GOVERNMENTS

WAR: War is the slaughter of the many by the many upon the command of a few and for the benefit of these few. It is also, by the way or even intentionally, a massive slaughter of non-combatants, essentially innocent people. More of these innocents are killed in “modern” and ‘scientifically” conducted wars than soldiers. That is not only due to the effective camouflage that modern soldiers wear but due to basic wrongs, mistakes and false assumptions in modern warfare. Such wrongful slaughters should be turned into self-help actions by the many, the victimized peoples, including e.g. the uniformed conscripts, against the guilty few, the men in territorial power. This requires first that the peace-loving peoples do sufficiently inform, arm, organize and train themselves on such acts of rightful resistance, conducted, as far as possible together with the armed forces of the territorial governments, rather than against them. In declaring their quite rightful aims, should governments try to involve them again, in any war, the peoples on all sides should declare, believably and quite publicly, long before and during any crises, that they would rather rise against and overthrow their own government than follow it into another aggressive war against the peoples in other countries. – JZ, 18.3.84, 21.8.08, 10.4.11. – WAR AIMS, APPEALS, PUBLIC DECLARATIONS, DISOBEDIENCE, POWER, TERRITORIALISM, MILITIA

WAR: War is the sport of kings.” – English proverb, apparently not recorded before the XIX century. (Cf. Dryden, ante, 1691.) – And of other territorial governments! – JZ, 5.7.86. – We, the people, should have left this “sport” quite exclusively to them. That would be a monopoly that they deserve! We should at most have made it our spectator sport, like we do when we watch boxers, wrestlers or footballers or when we watch, in comfort, war movies. – JZ, 21.8.08.

WAR: War is the statesman’s game, the priest’s delight, // The lawyers’s jest, the hired assassin’s trade.” – Percy Bysshee Shelley, Queen Mab. - Quoted in Seldes.

WAR: War is the ultimate absurdity and crime of territorial politics. – JZ, 30.11.79, 20.8.08. – POLITICS, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

WAR: War is the ultimate abuse of men, women and children by governments – for the benefit of governments. – JZ, 7.9.98. - GOVERNMENTS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATE, AUTHORITARIANISM, POLITICIANS, POLITICS, LEADERSHIP

WAR: War is the worst enemy of any liberty loving person.” – David Hart, 10.2.78. – Who or what is the enemy when even more unborn children are aborted than innocent people are killed in wars? – JZ, 28.8.08. – The Website of Prof. Rudolf Rummel proves that territorial totalitarians have murdered even more people than were murdered in the same last century in wars. – The total of all abortions in the world may well exceed these statist mass murders. And they are, usually, not government ordered, like in China now, with its one child per family “policy”. When adults don’t take sufficient interest in the genuine individual rights and liberties of adults, can we expect them to respect the rights of the unborn? – As someone has once said: It will be a long time before one can rightly say that it was a long time ago that we were barbarians! – JZ, 22.4.09. - ABORTION, INNOCENTS, MASS MURDERS, “ETHNIC CLEANSING”, BARBARISM, HUMAN SACRIFICES TO THE REMAINING SPLEENS, LIKE STATISM & TERRITORIALISM & NATIONAL STRENGTH OR UNITY

WAR: War is too important to leave the decisions to politicians and generals. Let those, who want to engage in warlike actions against each other make this decision and carry it out only at their own expense and risk – in uninhabited areas, remote from moral and rational people. They ought to confine their hostilities entirely to themselves, just like sports teams. Their loss would be no loss to mankind. Otherwise, the peace-, freedom- and justice-loving people should start exterminating them just like they would rabid dogs. – JZ, 20.1.98, 20.8.08. – DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, WAR GAMES ONLY AMONG THEIR VOLUNTARY VICTIMS

WAR: War is war!” – Proverbial remark, mostly used to excuse atrocities, as if they were quite unavoidable or necessary parts of warfare. - No it is not. They are not all the same. Instead, all wars are different, just like all people are. A nuclear war is different from a conventional war. A war directed mainly against civilians and one killing many more civilians than soldiers - is different from one that kills only soldiers. A war into which all soldiers on all sides are conscripted is different from one to which all soldiers are volunteers. A Blitzkrieg is different from one with a prolonged trench-warfare or a 30-year war. A war with pillage, mass murder of innocents and habitual rapes and the use of forced slave labor is worse than one without such abuses. A war with price controls and rationing is worse than one without them. A war in which no prisoners are taken or prisoners are starved is different from one in which prisoners are taken, decently fed or even treated as liberated people, allies or at least neutrals. A war with a Red Cross and much rapid technical and medical help for the wounded and sick is very different from one without these facilities. A war of aggression on one side and defence only on the other side is different from wars where both governments are more or less aggressors. Thus this popular remark indicates a large degree of ignorance, thoughtlessness and indifference and is in no way excusable. – JZ, 28.8.08. 10.4.11. - Compare: “All’s fair in love and war” – what a contemptible lie!” – Robert Heinlein, “The Notebook of Lazarus Long.” – “War is war.” “Krieg ist Krieg.” - German saying, used as if this stupid remark would be any kind of excuse for its murderousness, destructiveness, senselessness, cruelties and absurdities. Uttered usually by people with no knowledge and appreciation of the few international laws and treaties which attempted to limit wars to military actions against military forces and installations, prescribed humane treatment of POWs and civilians, outlawed the bombing of open cities etc. Officers and soldiers went to war without any knowledge of these laws and treaties, which their governments had signed and thus behaved like barbarians and savages. – JZ, 21.8.08.

WAR: War is what we have when politicians and generals decide to kill others on a massive scale.” – Sy Leon, quoted in THE DANDELION, Spring 80. – Why do so many armed men allow a few men to so abuse them? – JZ, 26.8.08. – POLITICIANS, GENERALS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, WAR AIMS, PEOPLE – DISFRANCHISED ON MOST IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

WAR: War isn’t a disease, it’s just one of the symptoms.” – From film “Stuntmen”.

WAR: War loves to seek its victims in the young.” – Sophocles, Cyrii. Frag. 507. – Why personify war, rather than going after the leaders, institutions, and ideologies that cause it? – As an institution, at least by indiscriminate bombing, hunger, cold and disease it also kills many of the old. - JZ, 24.8.08.

WAR: War made the state, and the state made war." - Charles Tilly – quoted by Gian Piero de Bellis – Facebook, 27.3.13. – It is, probably, from the following title, mentioned there: Leonary C. Lewin, The Functions of War (1967) at - Does war really have any functions or is it, rather, an indication of the disfunctionality of territorial States? – JZ, 27.3.13. - WARFARE STATE, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: War makes the victor stupid and the vanquished vengeful.” – F. W. Nietzsche, “Human, All-too Human.” – Especially if it is the usual wrongful and stupid war. – But what if e.g. Napoleon I, marching into Russia, had liberated all Russian serfs? – Alas, Napoleon was so ignorant on rightful revolutions that he imagined that this would have necessarily led to much bloodshed. And so he felt “humane” about conducting his war of conquest in the usual way – and got a threshing. His Army suffered, as it did in Egypt, while he escaped, in both cases. – To imagine a Hitler as the liberator of the slaves of the Soviets would be even harder. – But then not all rulers were as bad and ruthless as these two were. Even a Mao Tse Tung, who later murdered his subjects by the millions, at first won, by welcoming deserters with open arms, feeding them and sending them home, into already “liberated” areas, saying: The war is over for you. And in future, instead of paying 75 % of your harvest to the landlord and in taxes, you will pay only 25 % - So he was at first welcomed as a peacemaker and agriculture reformer! Little did the Chinese then realize what the future had in store for them, under his rule. - JZ, 21.8.08, 10.4.11. - DESERTION, POW TREATMENT, CHINA UNDER MAO

WAR: War means an ugly mob-madness, crucifying the truth-tellers, choking the artists, side-tracking reforms, revolutions, and the working of social forces.” – John Reed, Whose War? April 1917.


WAR: War means that most of the “thinking” of the decision-makers on all sides has been done in wrong terms and upon wrong premises and assumptions and for wrong aims, striven for with wrongful methods. – JZ, 19.8.98, 20.8.08, 16.5.14. – DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, LEADERSHIP, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM INSTEAD OF VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, CONTRACTARIANISM, ASSOCIATIONISM, PERSONAL LAW ALTERNATIVES, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE

WAR: War means the collective decision-making by a few, for their own benefit, over the fate of all others, while peace is based on individual decision-making over all of the own affairs, including one’s international relations, by oneself. – Thus, for instance, the tax evader and the smuggler, deserters and refugees are much more in control of their own lives than are “their” governments. Naturally, territorial warfare States do not like such behavior among their “subjects”, no more so than slave masters and feudal lords would. – JZ, 15.1.97, 21.8.08. – PEACE, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, POWER MONGERS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, POLITICIANS, PANARCHISM POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE

WAR: War must be for the sake of peace, (*) business for the sake of leisure, things necessary and useful for the sake of things noble.” – Aristotle, Politics, Bk. vii, ch.13, sec.8. – (*) The means predetermine the end. Wars and war preparations breed only more wars. Individual rights are as a rule not preserved or established by wars but rather more than usual suppressed during wars. We had plenty of wars but none of them established a lasting peace. At least by now all ancient errors should be sufficiently refuted in an Encyclopedia of the Best Refutations. – JZ, 16.5.14.

WAR: War never can be the interest of a trading nation any more than quarreling can be profitable to a man in business. But to make war with those who trade with us is like setting a bulldog upon a customer at the shop-door.” – Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason, 1794. - TRADE, FREE TRADE, CAPITALISM, PROTECTIONISM, BUSINESSMEN

WAR: War never slays a bad man in course, But the good always.” - Sophocles. - Compare Kant on this: “War is bad by making more bad people than it eliminates.” - Now one may add: It kills more good people than it helps to produce. – It also kills more non-combatants now than combatants. - JZ, 14.10.02. – Usually under the popular error and lie of collective responsibility of subjects for the actions of their rulers. – JZ, 22.4.09. – Many bad people are killed in wars as well. Badness does not provide immunity against its mass murders and some of the innocents manage to survive or survive by luck. – JZ, 3.7.13.

WAR: War occurs because people prepare for conflict rather than peace.” – Trygve Lie: LABOR, Sep. 6, 1947. – Quoted in Seldes, p.963. – Most people so far failed to explore what makes for peace and showed no interest in this subject. That was my experience with them, so far. – JZ, 16.5.14.

WAR: War perhaps made sense in its reality to the megalomaniacs like Hitler and Stalin and Mussolini, to the sadists like Doc Home or the adroit betrayers up top. And afterwards to the historians, to the intellectual who found the soundest of moral reasons for every infamy.” - Eric Lambert, Glory Thrown In, p.45. - & MEGALOMANIACS

WAR: War plagues people infected with bad thoughts. Peace is the reward of good thoughts in ascendancy.” – Leonard E. Read, NOTES FROM FEE, 5/77. - PEACE, THOUGHTS, IDEAS

WAR: War processes millions from mental to physical cripples. – JZ, 7.2.90. - For whose benefit, if anybody’s? – JZ, 26.8.08.

WAR: War produces technical and scientific progress! – Does it? Do new kinds of bombs and machine guns for even more mass murders really constitute genuine progress? War also kills or maims many technicians, scientists and inventors or prevents them from engaging in peace-promoting and progressive jobs. Wars also destroys their homes, work places, factories, stores, power supplies, laboratories, libraries and cuts down the time for their studies and experiments. Further research into mass murder devices is hardly progressive. Only the appetites but not the thinking capacity of people is sharpened by hunger. – JZ, 1.11.86, 21.8.08. – PROGRESS, INVENTIVENESS, PEACE, INNOVATIONS

WAR: War relied for centuries quite successfully upon the fact that, instead of cursing war one prayed for peace.” - Graff. – (“Der Krieg verlaesst sich seit Jahrhunderten mit Erfolg darauf, dass man, statt ihn zu verfluchen, fuer den Frieden betet.”) – There is plenty of cursing and swearing going on in wars but that does not stop them either. We have to ponder the territorial Warfare States and their governments and radical alternatives to them. Then we will neither have cause to pray or to swear in this sphere. – War or peace themselves decide nothing. Only war- and peace-makers do. - JZ, 25.8.08. - PEACE, PRAYERS, RELIGION, CURSING, SWEARING, BELIEF IN “WORD MAGIC”, TERRITORIALISM, LEADERSHIP

WAR: War seems to fit some only for new wars, …” - Winwood Reade, The Martyrdom of Man, XIV.

WAR: War seldom makes good sense. - Wilbur Smith, The Triumph of the Sun, Macmillan 2005 edition, p.125.

WAR: War silences opposition, but it settles no argument whatsoever.” – Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 8/73, p. 64.

WAR: War sometimes kills millions of innocent civilians just to get at a few leaders. – JZ, 22.4.91. – Just as if these innocents or conscripted soldiers were the real culprits and the mere property of their territorial misleaders and as if by destroying this “property” one would directly harm or eliminate the real war criminals. – JZ, 22.4.91, 26.8.08, free after: “You kill a billion civilians to get at a few leaders.” – Poul Anderson, The Double-Dyed Villains, in ASTOUNDING SF, 9/49, p.28. – Actually, the top leaders tend to be systematically spared, rather than made highest priority targets, as the result of a kind of “gentlemen’s agreement”, although these types are very far from being gentlemen. – JZ, 26.8.08. - TYRANNICIDE, WAR CRIMINALS, TERRTORIALISM

WAR: War spares not the brave, but the cowardly.” - Anagreon, Fragment 101. From The Palatine Anthology VII, 160. - Mass murder devices kill heroes and cowards, guilty and innocents quite indiscriminately. - JZ, 27.11.02. - NWT

WAR: War to end war? No! Rightful police actions to end wars! – JZ, n.d. – Probably best carried out by a suitable militia of volunteers, one still to be established, acting only to uphold a comprehensive declaration of all genuine individual rights and liberties – still to be compiled and published - for all involuntary victims. But who is seriously interested in preparing, initiating and finally finishing these two steps? Not a single living person comes to my mind, while millions might be required. Which is, definitely, a bad “omen”, from my point of view! – JZ, 22.4.09, 16.5.14. – DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, TO BE PROTECTED BY SUITABLE MILITIAS OF VOLUNTEERS

WAR: War to the castles; peace to the cottages.” (“Guerre aux châteaux; paix aux chaumières.”) – Nicolas Chamfort, Motto for the French Revolution, 1790. – WARFARE, POLICE ACTIONS AGAINST WAR CRIMINALS RATHER THAN TOTAL WARS

WAR: War will be endless because peace isn’t profitable. Sorry to wake you. - Awaken the mind. - Quoted by Afrikanus Kofi Akosah sharing Awaken the mind.'s photo – Facebook, 11.2.13. – In balance, wars are the most unprofitable and destructive activities. That a few get rich in them cannot make up for their enormous losses, in property, incomes and lives. – JZ, 16.5.14. - PEACE, PROFIT, LOSSES, ARMS INDUSTRIES

WAR: War will never cease until babies begin to come into the world with larger cerebrums and smaller adrenal glands.” - H. L. Mencken. - It is not babies that lead to war, their ignorance and temporary stupidity, but the wrong and false ideas and institutions that are upheld even by "educated" adults. - Quite primitive tribes managed to do without wars. Over 50 of them are listed by anthropologists. They do not have bigger heads or better organized brains. But they do not have the wrong ideas and institutions. All the supposed causes of war ought to be much more closely examined than can be done by coining a new and plausible sounding aphorism slogan or assertion. - JZ, 21.8.02, 16.5.14. - MAN, HUMAN NATURE, AGGRESSION

WAR: War will never yield but to the principles of universal justice and love.” - William Ellery Channing. - That is much too general and vague a guide. - Should we love tyrants and other war mongers? What are the requirements of justice towards them? What are the characteristics of just, free and peaceful societies, as opposed to Warfare States? Do we need protection against refugees and deserters? - JZ, 27.11.02. –  Not even freedom and individual rights and liberties are mentioned in that slogan, far less anarchism, secessionism, personal law, voluntarism. – Should one love the war-mongers, too? - JZ, 16.5.14. - Q., JUSTICE, LOVE, RIGHTS, LIBERTIES, PEACE REQUIREMENTS

WAR: War will not disappear with more territorial unification – because that will require coercion and thus remain only temporary. But it will disappear with more diversification, decentralization, variety, based upon individual and minority choices and their gradual and voluntary changes only. – JZ, 24.6.95, 20.8.08. – UNIFICATION, DIVERSIFICATION, DECENTRALIZATION, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, SCHISMS, FRAGMENTATION, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS VS. TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

WAR: War within and war without – such is the life of the government. It must be armed and ceaselessly on guard against both domestic and foreign enemies. Though itself breathing oppression and deceit, it is bound to regard all, within and outside its borders, as enemies, and must be in a state of conspiracy against all of them.” – Michael Bakunin, Science and the Urgent Revolutionary Task, 1870. - STATE, WARFARE STATE, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

WAR: War would end if the dead could return.” – Stanley Baldwin. – Since we cannot resurrect the dead, let us at least give all the living adults a vote on war and peace, instead of maintaining a privilege or monopoly on such decisions in the hands of a few government people in the whole world, who have all too often abused this power and will do so again. – JZ, 25.8.08. – DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES ON WAR & PEACE, ARMAMENT & DISARMAMENT, INTERNATIONAL TREATIES, VOTING, WAR VICTIMS

WAR: War, as usually conducted by „strong“ territorial government is an „operation meatgrinder“. – AllenDrugy, The Promise of Joy, p.200.

WAR: War, he sung, is toil and trouble.” – Dryden, Alexander’s Feast, I, 99. – It has mostly been only senseless mass murder and mass destruction, both major crimes - and often it was even suicidal for a nation, although, alas, not always for its misleaders. –JZ, 3.7.82, 22.8.08.

WAR: War, hunting, and love have a thousand pains for one pleasure.” – Spanish proverb – MARRIAGE, LOVE, SEX

WAR: War, like any other racket, pays high dividends to the very few. … The cost of operations is always transferred to the people who do not profit.” – General Smedley Butler, quoted in J. J. Peter, The Peter Plan, p.141. – The people, on all sides, lose in all wars, in taxes, lives, earnings, property, rights and liberties. That is one reason why they are not given any decision-making power on such matters. – JZ, 25.8.08. - PROFIT, PEOPLE, WAR PROFITEERS, ARMS INDUSTRY, GOVERNMENTS, RULERS, LEADERSHIP, TERRITORIALISM, STATES, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES.

WAR: war, man’s greatest stupidity, still takes place.” - Ronald Reagan, p.156, in “Sincerely, Ronald Reagan”, a collection of his letters, compiled by his secretary Helene von Damm, 1976. – So why did he become and remain for years one of the main and monopolistic decision-makers on war and peace? This is a war-promoting factor, which is still all too little discussed. It is even worshipped by the constitutionalists as an achievement. – It is a carry over from the time of absolutist kings and emperors. – JZ, 22.4.09. – DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES ON WAR & PEACE, ARMAMENT & DISARMAMENT, INTERNATIONAL TREATIES

WAR: War, n. A by-product of the arts of peace.” – Ambrose Bierce, The Devil’s Dictionary (?), p.26. – Alas, the “arts” of peace are still all too underdeveloped. – What is supposed to promote peace, e.g. trying to keep the balance of power, alliances and arms races, military strength, standing armies, taxation, does, instead, rather promote war than peace. – JZ, n.d. & 10.4.11. – We have hundreds of war academies in the territorial States. Do we have a single peace academy that really deserves the name? Aren’t most of the existing Peace Research Centers still upholding most of the popular errors and prejudices on the subject? – JZ, 22.4.09.

WAR: War’s a brain–spattering, windpipe-slitting art, // Unless the cause by right be sanctified.” – Byron, Don Juan, Canto ix, st.4. – Even if the cause were quite rightful (*) it would still have to be fought in a very discriminating and thus quite rightful way. – (*) Was that ever really the case so far? – JZ, 22.8.08.

WAR: War’s a game which were their subjects wise / Kings would not play at.” – William Cowper. The Winter Morning Walk, The Task, 1785, p.187. – ENLIGHTENMENT, EDUCATION, WISDOM

WAR: Warfare has now reached the stage of perfection where nobody wins and everybody loses.” (*) – Eric Frank Russell & Leslie J. Johnson, Seeker of Tomorrow, ASTOUNDING STORIES 7/37, quoted in M. Ashley’s “The History of the SF Magazine”, vol. 2, p.117. – (*) I would rather have said: … where almost nobody wins and almost everybody loses. – JZ, 16.5.14. - VICTORY, WARFARE, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

WAR: Warfare is the inevitable concomitant of the development of the state, the struggle for land and natural resources of class societies springing not from the nature of man, but from the nature of history. (*) War is nevertheless inevitable unless we change our social system and outlaw classes, the struggle for power, and possessions; and in the event of our success, warfare would disappear, as a symptom vanishes when the disease is cured. -  Margaret Mead, Warfare Is only an Invention – not a Biological Necessity, in WAR – Studies from Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, rev. and enlarged edition, ed. by Leon Bramson & George W. Goethals, Basic Books, Inc., Publishers, New York, London, 1968, p.269. – Neither class societies nor the struggle for natural resources, including land, should be blamed, but rather the territorial rule systems, everywhere, with their compulsory subjugation and regulation. Under voluntary membership, exterritorial autonomy for volunteers, starting with the recognition of individual sovereignty and with it of the right and liberty to secede as an individual and to freely associate under diverse personal law systems, no oppressive and exploitative class society could exist for long, no territories could become monopolized and via free enterprise and free exchange – even for statists – at their own expense and risk – all natural resources would become accessible to all, as cheaply as possible, if that is their preference. If they want to make it difficult for themselves, in one way or the other, they could and then could not complain about the result but would be free to secede from such associations. - (*) TERRITORIALISM WAS ONE OF THE WORST INVENTIONS & ITS REALIZATION, WHICH MAN EVER MADE! Only it has become customary and traditional for all too long, regardless of its consequences. Should we be surprised when even monetary despotism is still continued, degrees of sexual slavery and sexual mutilations, compulsory marriages, military and compulsory education slavery (which is in the social sciences anything except educational), imposed public debts and imposed tribute levies? – Only territorialism has to be abolished. Then, under voluntarism and personal law choices in every sphere, everybody can make his own free and individual choices, on his own affairs and stick with them as long as he/she wants to or reject them, once he/she has realized their drawbacks for themselves. – The riddle is only: Why is territorialism still recognized so widely, in spite of its wrongs and disadvantages, while exterritorial autonomy, based upon individual choice or consent and individual secessionism are so little appreciated in this sphere? We had only bad experiences with territorialism and only good experiences with its opposites, to the extent that they could ever be practiced quite freely in any sphere. -  Mass extermination camps were also invented and practiced for a few years. Are there any comparable ones now? I can only think of the preparations for nuclear war, for I consider every nuclear weapon to be an even more indiscriminately mass murderous device than a Nazi concentration camp. Moreover, it is relatively cheap, inconspicuous, portable and concealable. – That makes them an even worse threat, until they are clearly seen as what they are and thus rejected and destroyed – preferably by their potential victims. - JZ, 20.2.13 17.5.14. – EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM FOR VOLUNTEERS, INDIVDIUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PERSONAL LAW, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE VS. STATEISM, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: Wars are always supported by a class of arguments which, after the war is over, the people find were arguments they should not have listened to.” – John Bright, 1876.

WAR: Wars are conditions of blood-revenge among peoples.” – Lohberger – (“Kriege sind Zustaende voelkischer Blutrache.”) - The people have no say on the subject. They fight as conscripts and on command, against people on the other side, mostly people who have never done them any wrong or harm and whom they do not even know. Thus the term “blood revenge” is quite misplaced and abused by war propaganda, in the vast majority of all cases. – JZ, 25.8.08. –  At least in Europe the original bloodlines have become so much intermixed and be it only through wars and periods of occupation, that every European war rather resembles a civil war. Hardly any people representing a “pure race” are left in the world. Wars are wars between people, who are more or less “bastards” of mixed blood and merely abused as tools by their territorial rulers, who are addicted to power. – JZ, 17.5.14. - WAR PROPAGANDA, REVENGE? BLOOD REVENGE? CIVIL WARS BETWEEN PEOPLE OF MIXED BLOOD

WAR: Wars are force-fed by taxation, inflation, requisitioning, forced loans, conscription, compulsory state-wide membership or subordination, in short, by the territorial monopoly and its despotism, administered by territorial governments, whether they are democratic, republican, constitutional monarchies or openly dictatorial or totalitarian regimes. – JZ, 24.8.93, 21.8.08.

WAR: wars are fought primarily for the purpose of establishing a specific taxing body in a given area.” – JAG, Dec. 25th, 1975. - TAXATION, TERRITORIALISM, OFFICIAL GANGSTERS FIGHTING FOR EXCLUSIVE TURFS, MAJORITY DESPOTISM

WAR: Wars are made possible because the lives of so many individuals in the modern State are so grey and so dull, so complicated, and so unsatisfying. War that promises to bring drama, excitement, and simplification into their lives is welcomed. War releases and directs pent-up hate, provides a smooth channel for loyalty, exaggerates the masculinity of the male, loosens the bonds of conventional morality, and gives the individual a feeling of taking an active personal part in an important series of events. The individual is given a definite and different function in a form of social activity different from that which disappointed him and finds a congenial place within the group.” – F. A. E. Crew, Must Man Wage War? Thrift Books, London, 1952, p.34. - As if there were not e.g. more entertainment, amusement, travel, eating out, fashion, sports, arts, music, reading, gardening, home-improvement, educational, crafts, hobby, adventure and various self-improvement options on offer than every before! – By now there is always at least a shortage of volunteers, so that even convicts are enlisted. – However, I would be the last to deny that territorial governments do also create all too many frustrations, instead of letting each have the political, economic and social system of the own free and individual choices. – It blocks all too many peaceful and creative activities and makes even self-defence difficult, while not protecting us sufficiently against private criminals with victims – far less protecting us against its own tax collectors and other bureaucrats. – Moreover, numerous people change their jobs all the time, even their careers. – However, decidophobia and excess readiness to obey are also all too wide-spread characteristics. – Some people are, at least to some extent, attracted to wars. Mostly those, who have not yet sufficiently experienced them. - JZ, 16.7.86, 21.8.08, 10.4.11. –

WAR: Wars are mostly imposed upon peoples by their governments and not wanted by the peoples themselves, unless they are all too much lied to by their governments and kept in ignorance of the facts. Even then most of the people do not volunteer their lives, their labors, their properties and their incomes for the war efforts but have to be conscripted, commanded, taxed and expropriated for it. Moreover the decision on war and peace, armament and disarmament and international treaties is never left to the people but monopolized by their own greatest enemies, the territorial governments, posing as their friends, benefactors or big brothers. In other words, by their warlike rulers the people are not considered to be warlike enough. Nevertheless, the peoples, not their governments, are, as a rule, held responsible for wars, during the wars and after them by the victorious governments. The various peoples and their minorities have finally to become separated from their territorially imposed and thus more or less totalitarian and uniform governments, with their territorial and collectivist and centralized sovereignty, territorial monopoly constitutions, laws, and jurisdictions and other monopolistic and compulsory bureaucratic institutions and rules. They have to assert their individual sovereignties, and to establish and maintain their own voluntary communities, societies and self-governments, under personal law and full exterritorial autonomy for their own and self-chosen voluntary societies, communities and governance systems. Under the nuclear war threat we certainly cannot afford to live under territorial Warfare States any longer – as clearly marked targets. – JZ, 30.9.06, 26.10.07m 17.5.14. - GOVERNMENTS & PEOPLES, TERRITORIALISM, DESPOTISM, TOLERANT PANARCHIES OR POLYARCHIES, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW CHOICES, SECESSIONISM

WAR: Wars are much too mass murderous and destructive to leave the decision-making about them to a few politicians, bureaucrats, diplomats and military men and their monopolistic and despotic powers, even within so-called democracies, republics or constitutional monarchies. – JZ, 24.9.95, 20.8.08. – DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

WAR: Wars are not like peacetime military maneuvers that can be halted when the results are in.” - F. C. Ikle, Every War Must End, 1971, p.107. – Who could stop them – if the soldiers on all sides agreed to stop it? All they need is a quite rightful and common war aim and military insurrection or liberation program, something that their governments always omitted to provide. That alone should already be a good reason for them to turn against their governments after a mass fraternization with the soldiers on the other side. – Unfortunately, the anarchists and libertarians also failed to provided such a program. - JZ, 29.10.08, 10.4.11, 17.5.14.

WAR: Wars are perpetuated by numerous coercive actions, like taxation, conscription, monopolies, imposed wrongful laws, wrongful constitutional powers and wrongful jurisdictions and the indoctrination with errors, myths and prejudices that promote territorial warfare States in compulsory schooling and government- supported universities. – JZ, 11.2. 73, 23.8.08. – Has our language strong enough expressions for what they are doing to us? – JZ, 23.8.08.

WAR: Wars are precipitated by motives, which the statesmen responsible for them dare not publicly avow. A public discussion would drag these motives in their nudity into the open, where they would die of exposure to the withering contempt of humanity. - David Lloyd George - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. – However, all the war-causing factors which I sum up with the word “territorialism” are also well publicized and known. Only its opposite options, rights and liberties remain still insufficiently known, publicized and discussed. – JZ, 26.3.12, 18.1.13. - MOTIVES, SECRECY & PUBLICITY

WAR: Wars are really about great achievements for the very few at the expense of great losses for the very many.” - John Laws, Book of Uncommon Sense, PAN, 1995, p.272. – What genuine achievements? – JZ, 19.9.07. – Are as great and wrongful powers of a few over as many a “great achievement” or, rather, an indication that something is quite wrong in a country? – JZ, 17.5.14.

WAR: Wars are started and carried on and made worse by wrongful and collectivist notions about “enemies”, i.e., largely about conscripts, forced laborers and taxpayers, about people who have no say on war and peace and are just used and abused by their governments for the wrongful aims of their territorial and statist governments. – At least in our age the territorial governments find few voluntary supporters for their wars. We should regard all the other peoples, in other countries as fellow victims and thus as our secret allies, and treat them as such, in most cases, as victimized peoples like ourselves, to be liberated and fraternalized with and not as enemies to be killed. Only their and, all too often, our own governments are the real enemies. Even most of the volunteers of an aggressive government could be won over by suitable appeals, timely propaganda, e.g. the declaration of quite rightful war and peace aims, believably declared and practically demonstrated already in the democratic countries, e.g. by numerous governments-in-exile already operating as exterritorially autonomous panarchies for all kinds of suppressed minorities and also for the suppressed majority in the foreign country under despotic rule. Also by quite discriminating warfare methods. The difference between warring against whole populations and engaging in police actions only - against despotic and aggressive regimes, is quite fundamental. It was, during the French Revolution, clearly expressed by the slogan: “War to the palaces, peace to the cottages!” – Wars should be turned into liberation campaigns and rightful police actions against criminal governments only, not against their victims, but, rather, liberating them. They should not attempt to impose a new and uniform territorial regime upon them, not even a democratic or republican one, no matter how good it is supposed to be. – They should rather become free to sort themselves out into the kind of communities, societies and governance systems of volunteers, all under personal law choices for individuals and also upholding their voluntarism by individual and group secessionism. – Personal law has a very long tradition. At present, though, it is all too much ignored and forgotten still, in public opinion, in spite of numerous references to it on the Internet. - JZ, 2.8.93, 21.8.08, 17.5.14. – FRATERNIZATION, DESERTION, LIBERATION, POW TREATMENT, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES BETWEEN THE ARMED FORCES, OVER THE HEADS OF THEIR GOVERNMENTS, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS & POPULAR REVOLUTIONS AGAINST TERRITORIAL STATISM & ITS WRONGFUL WARS, RIGHTFUL APPEALS & LIBERATION PROGRAMS AS THE MAIN “WEAPONS”

WAR: Wars are the chess games of governments against subjects, primarily against the subjects of other governments but also and at the same time, against their own subjects. The real war criminals, those in government, are usually spared in them, by a sort of “gentleman’s agreement”, although neither rulers are gentlemen, at least not in these games. On all sides they are the best-protected persons in any war, although they are all too readily sacrificing their own pawns and mass murdering the pawns on the other side. – When will their victims finally get sick of playing this role in the games of their masters? – Territorial governments fight wars, in effect, against peoples, not against other territorial governments. When will the victimized peoples finally begin their liberation war against their territorial victimizers, together with the other peoples, who are similarly victimized and whom their territorial governments declare to be their enemies, rather than their natural, although so far merely unknown or secret allies? – At odds of at least 100 against 1, such a “war” could be rather short and bloodless, unless a tyrant is executed before he can do any more wrong. – If they abdicated or surrendered or destroyed at least one nuclear weapon, they might be offered an amnesty and a free flight to a destination they like. That would be a cheap price to pay for the avoidance of a last ditch desperate resistance by them. - JZ, 30.9.06, 26.10.07. - The continuance of territorialism is not worth a war. The abolition of territorialism is a very cheap price or bargain for the prevention of war. It would not cost us anything valuable but would rather be very profitable to us. - JZ, 17.5.14. – TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS VS. THEIR SUBJECTS, FREE CITIZENS VS. TERRITORIALISM & STATISM, CONDITIONAL AMNESTY & PROTECTION FOR TERRITORIAL RULERS, WHO ABDICATE & SURRENDER

WAR: Wars are the epileptic seizure fits of mankind. – JZ, 25.4.75. – Rather the mental disease of territorial governments, with which they coercively infect whole nations and even mankind. – If mankind were clever and organized enough then it would let only the rulers fight each other, and watch their fights on TV and would thus get fast rid of all its warlike mis-leaders and parasites. - JZ 27.8.08, 17.5.14.

WAR: Wars are the result of popular errors, myths, prejudices and lies – tens of thousands to millions of them. – JZ, 5.2.93. – And yet all these wrong notions have so far, to my knowledge, been nowhere systematically collected, refuted and sufficiently published. Why not? Are there not enough victims of wars, who would wish sufficiently enlightenment to spread in this sphere? Don’t they love their children and grandchildren, their spouses, friends and relatives enough, and also their own lives enough to provide this service for themselves, especially since it could now be done so easily via their PCs and the Internet? Should they rather use these facilities only or mainly for music, pictures, movies, games or their curiosity for news items or for mere personal chat sessions? One of the potentially mightiest “weapons” or machineries for the promotion of peace in justice and freedom – remains severely underutilized. – Not even all of the diverse peace plans have been sufficiently published and discussed. Why not? - What’s your excuse? – JZ, 21.8.08. – PEACE, IDEAS ARCHIVE, SUPER-COMPUTER PROJECT, ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE BEST REFUTATIONS OF POPULAR ERRORS & PREJUDICES, ENLIGHTENMENT

WAR: Wars are the senseless brawls between territorial governments but conducted not by the rulers themselves but, rather, by their victims, under all kinds of patriotic pretences by the ruling war criminals. How much longer will these victims let themselves thus be used and abused? – JZ

WAR: Wars come because not enough people are sufficiently afraid.” – Hugh Schonfield, PEACE NEWS, quoted in NEWS REVIEW, 26.2.48. – Rather: because people let themselves be guided only by insufficiently or falsely informed fears. – JZ, 22.6.92.

WAR: Wars expropriate things of value to solve problems of scarcity. Freedom creates them.” – Joan Marie Leonard, THE FREEMAN, 3/77. – Freedom creates values. Wars destroy them. – JZ, 17.5.14.

WAR: Wars have been profitable to the military class and some of the capitalist class. The military class obtain salaries, positions and honors; the capitalist class receive interest on war debts, and profits from making guns and battleships and furnishing supplies. But the great body of a nation does not profit by war. A nation that conquers another by invasion never receives an indemnity equal to the expense of the war, or the conquering nation would have no war debt; and the victorious nations have the largest war debts, while the conquered nations have the smallest war debts. The nations that have the largest armies and make the most conquests have less wealth per capita than the nations, which have small armies or none at all. This proves that war is not profitable to nations, and it also proves that in going to war nations do not act from motives of “economic interests”, as is claimed by those who try to explain all human phenomena by “economic interests”. It is only a few who profit by war; “economic interests” do not control the majority, or there would have been no war.” - Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.27 - PROFIT & LOSS, ECONOMIC INTERESTS, ANTI-CAPIALIST & COMMUNIST MENTALITY, BLAMING CORPORATIONS RATHER THAN TERRITORIAL STATISM OR GOVERNMENTS

WAR: wars in the world among nations will continue to be a probability as long as the people give their own governments great power – including the power to force the young men to become soldiers.” – John C. Sparks, THE FREEMAN, 4/73. - CONSCRIPTION, POWER, PEOPLES, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, WARFARE STATES

WAR: Wars meant killing, and killing meant a reduction in the over-all total of available customers.” – F. Paul Wilson, Wheels Within Wheels, p.104. – It means more business for arms manufacturers but less business for the producers of peaceful goods and services. – JZ, 26.8.08. – Peaceful businessmen do not fight and kill their customers but provide them with the services they need or want. – Economics and statism will be sufficiently separated only once the territorial monopoly is abolished. Then genuine economics can be freely practised among its voluntary supporters while xyz anti-economic systems can also be practised by their remaining supporters, at their own risk and expense, as long as they do wish to live under them. Any individual, who had learnt his lesson from any of them, would be free to secede from it. - JZ, 17.5.14. - BUSINESSES, PROFIT, CORPORATIONS, ARMS INDUSTRIES ARE “MARRIED” TO TERRITORIAL STATISM & ITS WRONGFUL POWERS, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS, VOLUNTARY TAXATION & COMPLETE MONETARY FREEDOM WOULD SOON REVEAL THEIR ATTRACTIONS: NO MORE INFLATION, INVOLUNTRY UNEMPLOYMENT & ECONOMIC CRISES & RAPID DEVELOPMENT

WAR: Wars of independence are but the inverted will for peace.” – Dagobert D. Runes, “A Dictionary of Thought.” - Territorialism expresses a kind of victory, conquest, domination and control of a whole and diverse population with which a permanent peace with justice and freedom for all its diverse groups cannot be achieved but only further struggles. It has this in common with e.g. the Inquisition, dueling and the blood revenge tradition, which also assured only more bloodshed for all too long. - One might also compare it with the kind of marriages in which it is assumed that one of the partners has to dominate the other, so that a kind of "peace" can only be achieved by violence or submission to the threat of it or to the established marriage custom. - JZ, 11.4.11. - INDEPENDENCE, PEACE, VOLUNTARISM, CHOICE, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW OPTIONS, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM VS. STATISM, NATIONAL COLLECTIVIST INDEPENDENCE, TERRITORIALISM, COMPULSORY MEMBERSHIP, WARFARE STATES

WAR: Wars of opinion, as they have been the most destructive, are also the most disgraceful of conflicts; being appeals from right to might, and from argument to artillery.” – C. C. Colton, Lacon, 1820. – Tolerance not only for diverse opinions but also for tolerant actions and experiments: panarchies of volunteers, based on full exterritorial autonomy. a simple, just and rational idea, whose time has come. – JZ, 22.8.08. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW OPTION

WAR: Wars should not be won, just ended, and as soon as possible.” – James White, commenting upon his SF story “Tableau”.

WAR: Wars start for a variety of reasons (*), but unlimited national sovereignty is always the necessary and sufficient condition.” - Poul Anderson, The Big Rain, ASTOUNDING SF, October 1954, p.48. - Territorial power is the essential but usually not sufficiently expressed feature of national sovereignty, as generally understood today. Most people are unable to comprehend that national sovereignty and other forms of autonomy could also be practised without geographical limitations, borders, frontiers, for quite different groups living in the same territory or spread all over the world, as exterritorially autonomous volunteer communities, the political, economic and social equivalent to independent churches or sects. – (*) motives! - JZ, 7.2.02. - TERRITORIALISM, NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW

WAR: Wars will cease – when sufficient men will refuse to fight – against their will and for the wrong reasons – whilst remaining ready to fight voluntarily and for the right reasons, e.g. in a rightful policing action, against all those who do not respect the human and natural rights of others. Only to that extent does the old Latin proverb still make sense: “Ci vis pace, para bellum!” – JZ, 73, on reading Tolstoy. – DISOBEDIENCE, RESISTANCE, RIGHTS, MILITIA, INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS, TURNING WRONGFUL WARS AGAINST WHOLE POPULATIONS INTO RIGHTFUL POLICE ACTIONS AGAINST THE MAIN WAR CRIMINALS

WAR: Wars, to be rightful, as far as possible, must be undertaken with rightful organizations, weapons, war and peace aims and warfare methods, all as far as possible merely equivalents to quite rightful police actions against real criminals with victims. It must be conducted, as far as is possible, never against the victims of these criminals. Territorial governments and their armed forces seem to be quite unable or unwilling to conduct such defensive and liberating wars or interventions, as they have demonstrated, again and again. Thus, at last, we freedom-lovers should consider, discuss and finally realize quite rightful and efficient alternatives to their war prevention, defence, protection and liberating methods, which would spare rather than cost all too many lives of innocents. – JZ, 23.3.03. 21.10.07, 11.4.11. - INTERVENTIONISM, AGGRESSION, TERRITORIALISM, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, WARFARE METHODS, STATISM, PEACE, WAR AIMS, WARFARE METHODS, LIBERATION, TOLERANCE, MINORITY AUTONOMY, SECESSIONISM, DESERTION, GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE AS THE BEST ALLIES

WAR: Was peace, in fact, like diplomacy, merely another means of waging war…? – World Wars III, by Paul Di Filippo, in The Best of InterZone, ed. David Pringle, p.234. – Indeed, that is true for “peace” between territorial warfare States. During their peace times they wage war internally, against dissidents and externally e.g. via protectionism. – And they do prepare for the next war, nowadays even with ABC mass extermination devices. As territorial large States they are essentially Warfare States, but unable to endlessly maintain permanent and open warfare against other territorial States. – They contract merely armistice periods, called peace, in-between. - JZ, 13.9.07, 11.4.11, 17.5.14. & PEACE, ARMISTICE

WAR: We are still better war-makers than peace-makers or weather-makers or prosperity- and justice providers. – JZ, 28.2.95.

WAR: We are still suffering under wars, civil wars, violent revolutions, mass murders and systematic preparations for mass murders, inflation, deflation, economic crises, mass unemployment, numerous injustices because all the constitutional, legal and juridical preconditions for them, all the diverse hypotheses and notions and corresponding institutions that are causing them have not yet been thoroughly and publicly enough examined or their refutations and criticism have not yet been sufficiently published or understood by most victims of our territorial systems. A mess of conflicting views still exists, in which the statist and territorialist ones dominate and cause most of our remaining political, economic and social problems. The different contending groups are still not free to sort themselves out, through individual choices and voluntary communities and as such free to do their own things only for and to themselves, thus learning and teaching by their own free actions and experiments. Under majority voting the dumbest creeds, hypotheses, errors and prejudices still dominate and the worst people tend to get to the top and manage to stay there for all too long. Not even the sufficient classification of all the various system has been achieved (there are still xyz classification systems, most of them incomplete, flawed, misleading or quite false), nor have all the wrongful ideas, definitions and prejudices been systematically collected and published together with their best refutations. – Not even the correct ideas have been comprehensively collected and published through an Ideas Archive. - JZ, 19.10.06, 26.10.07, 11.4.11. - & TERRITORIAL MONOPOLIES & COERCION AS USUAL, ANTHOLOGY OF ALL CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS, IDEAS ARCHIVE, ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE BEST REFUTATIONS OF POPULAR ERRORS & PREJUDICES

WAR: We cannot accept the doctrine that war must be forever a part of man’s destiny.” – Franklin Delano Roosevelt, quoted in Arthur C. Clarke & Michael Kube-McDowell, The Trigger, Harper/Collins Publishers, 1999, p.399. - But as long as men like him, Truman, Churchill, Stalin, Mussolini, Hitler and Mao can get into territorial power and stay in it, for all too long … Not man’s destiny but his foolish and wrongful ideas, opinions and popular prejudices and institutions are involved, leading inevitably to what is here wrongly called “destiny” - JZ, 29.9.07. - Most people still accept the territorial myths and with them wars, revolutions, riots, terrorism, civil wars, oppression and exploitation. - JZ, 11.4.11. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, LEADERSHIP, VS. INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, META-UTOPIA, VOLUNTARISM

WAR: We do not fight for the real but for shadows we make. / A flag is a piece of cloth and a word is a sound. / But we make them something neither cloth nor a sound. / Totems of love and hat, black sorcery-stones.” – Stephen Vincent Benét, John Brown’s Body, 1928, 4. - That is why quite just and clear war aims, sufficiently and trustworthily publicized, long before a war might occur, are so important. – Only then can they, too, serve to prevent wars. - JZ, 18.11.85, 11.4.11.

WAR: We had a war to end war. What we really need is a genuine peace to end war. We have not even defined that peace – as long as we stick with the territorialist wrongful and false statist premise. – JZ, 29.4.93, 18.9.08. – PEACE, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, COMPULSION VIA INDIVIDUAL CHOICES AMONG PERSONAL LAW SYSTEMS, SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA, COMPETING GOVERNANCE

WAR: We have a solution for war. It is to expand the sphere of liberty.” - Rudolph Rummel. - Just expanding it is not yet enough. Even the Soviet Union did this in the end and Red China did it by introducing some economic liberties. It should be expanded to its maximum, to as much liberty as we know of and can manage to realize. Anything less will not make us safe enough. - JZ, 6.1.03. – Only voluntary victims of statism should be allowed to continue to embrace it for themselves, but without a territorial monopoly and without WMD’s! – JZ, 22.4.09. - & LIBERTY, PEACE, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM FOR ALL, PERSONAL LAW CHOICES, SECESSIONISM

WAR: We have heard many times that wars have the good effect of unifying a whole people behind a common cause. The ideology in these cases is war. Regardless of the dedication to the cause, warring nations eventually join the long list of those that have not survived. The economies of war is such that the eventual outcome has to be detrimental to all participants.” – Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.145. - In most cases, at least some people survived even very bloody wars - and, alas, with their territorialist errors and prejudices intact, thus preparing for their next war or civil war or violent revolution. - JZ, 11.4.11. - UNITY, COMMON CAUSE, WAR AIMS, NATIONALISM, STATISM,  TERRITORIALISM, PEOPLES, INDIVIDUALISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, META-UTOPIA, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM

WAR: We have no adequate idea of the predisposing power which an immense series of measures of preparation for war has in actually begetting war.” – William E. Gladstone, quoted in George Seldes, The Great Quotations. – Continuing one's territorial organization, not only standing armies, and arms races, is an essential part of making sure that the next war will occur sooner or later. - JZ, 11.4.11. - PREPARATIONS FOR WAR RATHER THAN PEACE, TERRITORIALISM, CAUSES OF WAR

WAR: We have shown, that political society, on a moderate calculation, has been the means of murdering several times the number of inhabitants now upon the earth, during its short existence, not upward of four thousand years in any account to be depended upon.” – Edmund Burke, A Vindication of Natural Society, p.74. – POLITICS, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, NATIONALISM

WAR: We know more about war than we know about peace, more about killing than we know about living.” – General Omar Bradley, quoted in The Free Man’s Almanac. - Also more about injustice and oppression than about justice and freedom and seem to be more interested in upholding the former than achieving the latter. - JZ, 11.4.11. - LIVING, KILLING, TERRITORIALISM, KNOWLEDGE, IGNORANCE, PEACE, INTEREST IN THE OWN INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, DECLARATION OF ALL OF THEM & OF ONLY RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS

WAR: We shall never stop war, whatever machinery we may devise, until we have learned to think always, with a sort of desperate urgency and an utter self-identification, of single human beings.” – Victor Gollancz: From Darkness to Light, p.504. - Quoted in Seldes. - Most of the territorial, collectivist and statist notions lead to war rather than peace, in freedom and justice. - JZ, 11.4.11. – INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY & SECESSIONISM, DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL HUMAN RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, SELF-OWNERSHIP, VOLUNTARISM, PEACE, TOLERANCE VS. STATISM, MONOPOLISM, COMPULSION, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: We should not train armies for wars but, rather, all kinds of voluntary groups, communities and societies for peace, recognizing and realizing their full exterritorial autonomy. – JZ, 3.7.82, 22.8.08, after reading: “It is not an army that we must train for war, it is a nation.” – Woodrow Wilson, speech, 12.5.1917. – That kind of remark I would rather have expected from a leading Nazi. – JZ, 22.8.08. - NATIONALISM, TERRITORIALISM, LEADERSHIP, TOTAL WAR

WAR: We speak of five major wars we’ve been in, but actually we’ve committed military forces to action 158 times in our 197-year history. Most of the time, we did so to help someone else – someone weaker whose freedom was threatened.” - Ronald Reagan, p. 148/149, in “Sincerely, Ronald Reagan”, a collection of his letters, compiled by his secretary Helene von Damm, 1976. A survey on the successes, failures and costs in lives and money of these military attempts would be instructive. – JZ, 16.9.07. – It would also be of interest to find out how often or how rarely other major States have been so involved in the same period. It might turn out, contrary to the public image of the USA, that it was and is one of the most militaristic States. Always, naturally, with the best of intentions! – JZ, 22.4.09. - WARS OF USA & OF OTHER STATES, MILITARISM, FREQUENCY OF MILITARY ENGAGEMENTS, TERRITORIALISM, LIBERATION, INTERVENTIONISM, IMPERIALISM, USA, PRESIDENTS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES

WAR: We used to wonder where war lived, what it was that made it so vile. And now we realize that we know where it lives, that it is inside ourselves.” – Albert Camus, Notebooks, 1935-1942 (1962), 3, tr. Philip Thody. - Especially in our territorialist ideas, actions and institutions! – JZ, 18.11.85, 22.8.08. – MAN, HUMAN NATURE, AGGRESSIVENESS? OBEDIENCE, STATISM, LACK OF ENLIGHTENMENT, POPULAR ERRORS & PREJUDICES, INSUFFICIENT INTEREST IN E.G. QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS & IN A DECLARATTION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, DECIDOPHOBIA

WAR: We were bred for war, it’s in our genes, and the only way to stop the bloodshed is to give one man the power to subdue all the others. All we can hope for is that it be a decent enough man that the peace will be better than the wars, and last longer. - Orson Scott Card, of Shadow of the Giant, p.50 - 2005. – Already Herbert Spencer pointed out that there are at least 50 tribes that never practised war. They, too, belong to the human race but do not have the false ideas and institutions that do make for war. It is wrongful power rather than lack of it that makes for war, especially territorial power, when used to exploit and dominate all its diverse subjects. - JZ, 18.4.13. - POWER, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, DOMINATION, EXPLOITATION

WAR: What generates war is the economic philosophy of nationalism: embargos. Trade and foreign exchange controls, monetary devaluation, etc. The philosophy of protectionism is a philosophy of war.” – Ludwig von Mises. - Protectionism is just one of the many wrongful and irrational aspects of territorialism. - JZ, 11.4.11. - & PROTECTIONISM, NATIONALISM, FREE TRADE, PEACE, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, LACK OF RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS, KNOWLEDGE OF & APPRECIATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

WAR: What gets people emotionally involved to fight? Some hate object conjured or dreamed up or falsely concluded upon through e.g. nationalism, collective responsibility notions or war propaganda that are not sufficiently criticized. All too many simply believe a territorial government that declares that such and such other government is your main enemy. Moreover, they are right to fear any territorial government beyond their borders just as the people behind these borders have good reasons to fear the territorial governments of other States. We have now a number of “democratic” governments that are armed with nuclear “weapons”, i.e. anti-people weapons, mass murder devices. The Soviet nuclear weapons were, after all, directed not against “capitalists” only but, rather, against masses of people, mostly and wrongly perceived to be merely “proletarians”. While the Western nuclear weapons were not, primarily, directed against e.g. the Soviet regime in the Kremlin but against the Russian people and over other 120 other ethnic groups and xyz other types of groups captured and dominated by that regime. Against whom are the Russian nuclear weapons directed now? And the Western ones? And the others? Truths on international relations are not dominant in most peoples heads and in crisis and wartimes they become rarer still. – JZ, 26.2.82, 23.8.08. - TERRITORIALISM, ITS MUDDLES, MYTHS & CONFUSIONS, NWT, WAR AIMS, WEAPONS

WAR: What have you done so far to prevent WW III? – Deutsche Friedensgesellschaft. – Q.

WAR: What inducement has the farmer, while following the plow, to lay aside his peaceful pursuits and go to war with the farmer of another country? Or what inducement has the manufacturer? What is dominion to them or to any class of men in a nation? Does it add an acre to any man’s estate, or raise its value? Are not conquest and defeat each of the same price, and taxes the never failing consequence? Through this reasoning may be good to a nation, it is not so to a government. War is the faro-table of governments, and nations the dupes of the game.” – Thomas Paine, quoted in Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.80/81. – Another version: “War is the gambling table of governments and citizens the dupes of the game.” – Only nations of volunteers are genuine nations. The territorial ones are artificial constructs, based upon coercion and monopolism, often wars of conquests or established in wrongful responses to aggressions and conquests. A successful and rightful defence does not require statism and territorialism or “national unity”. – JZ, 17.5.14. - WARFARE STATES, NATIONAL INTEREST VS. GOVERNMENT INTERESTS, POWER, WAR GAMES, TERRITORIALISM, INBORN AGGRESSIVENESS? HUMAN NATURE, MAN, MILITIAS OF VOLUNTEERS FOR THE PROTECTION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES – TO THE EXTENT THAT THEY ARE GENUINE & CLAIMED IN COMMUNITIES OF VOLUNTEERS ONLY

WAR: What is war but mass murder on a scale impossible by private police forces?” – Murray N. Rothbard, REASON, 3/73. – CITIZEN FORCES WOULD RATHER FRATERNIZE & UNITE AGAINST AGGRESSIVE & TYRANNICAL GOVERNMENTS, MILITIA

WAR: What millions died – that Caesar might be great!” – Thomas Campbell, The Pleasures of Hope, II, 1799. - GREATNESS, WAR VICTIMS, CAESARISM, LEADERSHIP, POWER ADDICTS, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, NATIONALISM

WAR: What promotion it brings, what bureaucracy – and for the businessmen, what speculations! … Armies are now supported no longer by pillage, but, a huge vested interest, by the taxes of their own people. … War, he declares, will end when mass opinion decides it shall do so.” (*) - John Bowle, Political Opinion in the 19th Century, p. 162, in discussing Proudhon’s view in “La Guerre et la Paix”. – All the involuntary taxpayers have a much larger vested interest against compulsory taxation and the vested interests its revenues brings to some favored people in Warfare States and Welfare States. (*) Individual and group secessionism by the more enlightened dissenters are more likely to achieve this than “actions” by masses or mobs, merely marching, shouting, protesting and rioting. – Voluntary and competing subscription schemes to wanted services are more attractive than taxes and handouts, to all honest and decent people. - JZ, 17.5.14. - TAXATION, BUREAUCRACY, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW CHOICES, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

WAR: What stumped Bob was that if fighting among two individuals was evil and destructive, how could organized fighting on a national scale be right and proper? It was a question he couldn’t answer.” – Carl Watner, Robert LeFevre: ‘Truth is Not a Half-way Place’”, p.91. – It is not wise to leave out the question of aggression and defence. Should the one who is physically attacked not try to defend himself physically? Aggression is always wrong. Defence need not be wrongfully aggressive and destructive itself, although it must often be forceful. Total non-violence is certainly not always the most efficient response to aggression. It might even act like an invitation to potential aggressors. Nor is it proven that passive resistance requires the least defensive sacrifices. – JZ, 26.8.08. - AGGRESSION, SELF-DEFENCE, NON-VIOLENCE, NON-RESISTANCE, Q.

WAR: Wheeler … ‘Peace, not war, is the normal condition of the Australian tribes’. Among the Bushmen, whose social organization is very low, although their intelligence is high, there is even less to be said of war, while the Eskimo in their most characteristic groups know no war at all, and Ross found at Behring Strait that it was impossible to explain to them what war is.” - Havelock Ellis, “Selected Essays”, “The Origin of War”, p.195. - PEACEFUL TRIBES, ABORIGINES, BUSHMEN, ESKIMOS

WAR: When a war is waged by two opposing groups of robbers for the sake of deciding who shall have a freer hand to oppress more people, then the question of the origin of the war is of no real economic or political significance.” – Nikolai Lenin, Article in PRAVDA, April 26, 1917. - Said one of the greatest robbers and oppressors of them all! – JZ, 21.8.08. – Naturally, he showed his true colors only once he was in power. – JZ, 17.5.14.

WAR: When after many battles past, // Both, tired with blows, make peace at last, // What is it, after all, the people get? // Why, taxes, widows, wooden legs, and debt.” – Author unidentified – WAR AIMS, VICTORIES, PEACE

WAR: When elephants fight it is the country that suffers.” – East African Proverb. – WAR: When elephants fight, it is the grass that suffers.” – Kikuyu proverb. - I should at least have added: “and the smaller animals, worms and insects, which could not get out of the way in time. The get stamped into the ground.” - If only our “heavies” would only fight among themselves! We would gladly provide an arena for them. - We might even cheer them on, in safety, from the side-lines, perhaps gladly, seeing them wound, cripple or kill each other! - As long as they do not involve us in their fights. – When will these international Olympics begin, finally? – Compared with such a game, and an Olympics to bring to light the best peace ideas, the current sports Olympics is a trivial affair. – As it is, the fights of our misleaders, in all comforts for them, do involve us, save them, sacrifice us and the survivors of their victims are their prize! - JZ, 21.8.08, 2.7.13. - DUELS BETWEEN "GREAT" LEADERS, LEADERSHIP, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, MERE TOOLS OF POWER ADDICTS, NONCOMBATANTS, CIVILIANS. COLLATERAL DAMAGE, PEOPLE TRAMPLED UNDERFOOT, HUMAN SACRIFICES, WARFARE STATES, TERRITORIALISM, OTHER & MORE IMPORTANT KINDS OF OLYMPIC COMPETITIONS THAN THE SPORTS ONES

WAR: When goods don't cross borders, soldiers will.” - Frederic Bastiat – I believe that other versions speak of armies rather than soldiers. – JZ, 1.9.08.

WAR: When is war justified? - LearnLiberty - An aggressive rather than defensive or liberating war is never justified, nor is any war that is conducted largely against the victims of a wrongful government rather than that government ever justified. So far, most wars, even in the best cases, did not have quite rightful war and peace aims. No wonder, that the governments did not have them - but is there any excuse for anarchists and libertarians not to ponder, discuss and finally declare them? So far most wars were wrongfully conducted, even to the extent of killing, in all too many cases, more non-combatants than enemy soldiers and not distinguishing between voluntary (*) and conscripted enemy soldiers, offering the latter liberation upon capture or desertion. War, too, is too serious an affair to leave all decisions to top leaders, politicians, bureaucrats and militaristic power addicts. In Treblinka, Sobibor and Bialistok there were successful uprisings in the end, by the remaining survivors. Should they have gone peacefully to their mass graves? The ghetto in Warsaw also rose, finally. Should they have gone like sheep to their slaughter? As a result at least a few of them survived. – John Zube - Facebook, 22.10.12. – (*) The volunteers could and should also be offered something much better and more rightful than their government does, e.g. by governments and societies in exile, all only for their present and future volunteers, as our best allies. – JZ, 17.5.14. – RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS, GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE AS BEST ALLIES AGAINST DESPOTISMS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS

WAR: When Randolph Bourne told us that "war is the health of the state," he was fully cognizant of the fact that the war mentality is essential to the creation and enforcement of the collective mindset upon which state power rests. It is what war does to the rest of us, not just to those upon whom the bombs fall, that gives the state its authority. This is why large nation-states (e.g., the United States, Great Britain, Soviet Union, Germany, etc.) require an ongoing war system, and why smaller nations (e.g., Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Iceland, Ireland, etc.) manage to get along quite profitably and peacefully without resorting to wars. - In his important book, The Breakdown of Nations, Leopold Kohr addressed the symbiotic relationship existing between organizational size and the exercise of destructive political power. "Whenever something is wrong, something is too big," he warned, an insight that goes a long way toward explaining why America – the most militarily powerful nation in history – has become such a tyrannical and destructive force throughout the world. That so few Americans are willing to be aware of or critical of this pathological condition, testifies to the impact power-based thinking has on the minds of those who believe themselves to be "protected" by such forces.” – Butler Shaffer: The Myth of National Defence, on – Underlining by me. – JZ – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE STATES, NATIONALISM, USA

WAR: When soldiers begin to understand and fight for the own rights and interests, instead of the wrongs, special interests, monopolies and privileges of their abusers, exploiters and great misleaders, war will soon cease. – Who could prevent them from concluding a just and separate peace-treaty with the soldiers on the other side, over the heads of their rulers, and uniting them against the war-mongers on both sides? – Especially when good models for such peace treaties are published in time and made thus sufficiently known to them? – They could transform themselves into militias of volunteers only for the protection of individual rights and liberties. – Cromwell’s Ironsides, at least in England, not in the religious war in Ireland, have set a pretty good precedent. The genuine rights and duties of soldiers and officers are still as little explored and agreed upon as are the rights and duties of children. - JZ, 27.4.87, 21.8.08. – PANARCHISM, WAR AIMS, PEACE TREATIES, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES, RIGHTS OF MAN, RIGHTS OF SOLDIERS, RIGHTS OF CHILDREN, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS, MILITIAS, FRATERNIZATION AGAINST THE WAR MONGERS, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS THAT LIBERATE & ESTABLISH PEACE, GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE AS BEST ALLIES OF DEMOCRACIES & FREE SOCIETIES

WAR: When the rich make war it’s the poor that die.” – Jean-Paul Sartre. – Largely, but not exclusively. The territorial power-holders are much more influential than the rich. The rich tend to be cosmopolitans. They can get almost all they want via free trade and investments. It is not the rich but the most powerful that decide upon war and peace. The rich have most to lose by war, unless they are monopolists or pirates. The poor all too often let themselves be enthused for wars, civil wars, bloody revolutions and ethnic cleansing, out of ignorance and prejudices, becoming victimizers and victims. The rich are much less likely to volunteer for current wrongful war and peace aims. Slogans, quotes, mottos and observations should tend to reduce rather than to spread prejudices, errors etc. - JZ, 24. 11. 06. - With ABC mass murder devices this distinction cannot be made at all. –JZ, 6.4.12, 2.7.13. It is also the ignorance, the lack of interest in the larger own affairs, the ignorance, prejudices, popular errors, fallacies, myths, false definitions of the rich and the poor that make for war. – How many false beliefs on the cause of wars are there? Did anybody ever attempt to compile a complete list of them and their best refutations? - JZ, 26.5.13, 17.5.14. - THE RICH & THE POOR, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY ON WAR & PEACE, PROTECTIONISM, IMMIGRATION RESTRICTIONS, TERRITORIALISM, OVER-POPULATION NOTIONS, NOTIONS OF LIMITED RESOURCES, FEAR OF STRANGERS & ALIENs, RACISM, IGNORANCE, PREJUDICES

WAR: When the whole world turns clown, and paints itself red with its own heart’s blood instead of vermilion, it is something else than comic.” – John Ruskin, The Crown of Wild Olive, 1866, 2.59.

WAR: when war becomes understood, as a phenomenon, it can be eliminated.” - Poul Anderson, Conflict, p.178. - Its territorial, statist and coercive aspect is still not sufficiently understood. Neither are its monopoly decision-making, tribute levies, forced loans and monetary despotism aspects, its warfare methods and all of its weapons, the whole bundle of its wrongful and statist notions and practices. - JZ, 11.4.11. – WARFARE STATES, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM INSTEAD OF COMPETING GOVERNANCE, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM, COMPETITION, FREDOM OF CONTRACT, EXPERIMENTATION & ASSOCIATION AS WELL AS SECESSIONISM IN EVERY SPHERE

WAR: When war begins, then hell opens.” – George Herbert, Jacula Prudentum. - The Italians say: “Guerra cominciata, inferno scatenato.” (“War begun, hell let loose.”) – Particularly if it is total war or totalitarian politicians or generals lead it. – JZ, 3.7.82, 11.4.11. – There are numerous remaining social problems, during peace times, which, under territorialism, set people against each other. Under full experimental freedom all would get the chance to try to settle them, peacefully and tolerantly in their own way. Thus scapegoatism and collective responsibility “actions” would become rather rare. Those free to act can only blame themselves for their failures. – JZ, 3.7.13.

WAR: When war comes, the first casualty is truth, and journalists as well as censors are to blame.” – U.S. Senator Hiram Johnson, 1917, NATIONAL TIMES, 29.12.75. - TRUTH, LIES, PROPAGANDA

WAR: Whenever you ponder war, remember that on both sides there were many willing and peaceful producers, traders, investors and potential migrants not allowed to do what they wanted to do, liked to do, could and would have done, peacefully, without wronging or harming anyone. They, too, were not given any choice on any war and peace questions, armament and disarmament and international treaties, or the free choice of their own community, under personal law and without any territorial monopoly. It cannot be denied that these and many other kinds of prohibitions, restrictions and monopolies helped to bring about the mass slaughters, commanded and coercively financed by territorial governments and that they will go on doing so in the future, unless we do abolish them, all of them! – JZ, 6.11.76, 3.8.78, 20.8.08, 11.4.11. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, MONETARY & FINANCIAL DESPOTISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, ABSENCE OF A DECLARATION OF ALL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES & OF A SUITABLE MILITIA TO PROTECT THEM

WAR: Where armies are quartered briars and thorns grow. Great wars unfailingly are followed by famines. A good man acts resolutely and then stops. He ventures not to take by force.” - Lao-Tzu, under Non-Assertion, in Peter Mayer, editor, Be Chary of War, a Pelican Book, paper back, 1966, p.33. - THEFT, FORCE, DEVASTATION, HUNGER, DESTRUCTION, SCORCHED EARTH POLICIES, PLUNDER RATHER THAN CASH PAYMENTS FOR SUPPLIES, REQUISITIONING, DELIVERY QUOTAS, RATIONING, PRICE CONTROLS

WAR: Whether you're pro-fat, like the woman who's worked up about Minnie, or anti, like Michelle claims to be, it's more important to do something about war than anything else. A hydrogen bomb doesn't care whether you're svelte or zaftig. We must end war before it ends us. We must outlaw conscription, end all taxation, disarm the state, and arm the people." 27) Chewing the fat. The Libertarian Enterprise, L. Neil Smith (10/14/12)

WAR: While the murder of any person is repugnant to the concepts of human rights so fundamental to Anarchism, we cannot help but feel that the confinement of international violence to the mutual murder of political leaders would be a distinct improvement over the currently accepted practices of mass warfare.” – Jack Semmens, MATCH, 9/75. – Should one call such actions murders or assassinations  or executions - when the “victims” are tyrants or war criminals? – JZ, 27.8.08, 11.4.11. - TYRANNICIDE OR MASS MURDER? ANARCHISM, ASSASSINATIONS, EXECUTIONS OF WAR CRIMINALS,

WAR: Who was it, he wondered, who had asked, „Since nobody wants war, why do wars keep happening?“ – Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus I, p.308. - Almost nobody wants war, but some, do. And, all too often it is precisely these, who are in positions of power, able to start and continue wars. Their victims are guilty only of allowing that to happen and almost never questioning the constitutions, laws and positions that make this possible. – I was lucky enough to meet up in person with both of these justly famous authors. Unluckily for only all too short a time to discuss our differences sufficiently. – All such authors deserve that their works are put online or that, for each of their books a special website is created in which the pro and con of their writings is fully discussed, so that the best of these comments can be included or responded to in future editions and all of them could be easily referred to. The more a printed book is publicly and continuously discussed, the larger its sales are, naturally, likely to be. – Thus I am surprised to find that most authors and publishers have not already arranged for this. Amazon Books does do this, at least to a limited extent. (They would not have to infringe copyrights by extensively quoting them. The could just indicate the page and catchword and then add comments, on a special website for a book. – JZ, 17.5.14.) So much more could and should be done in this sphere for all important books (essays, articles and pamphlets, too!) than just publishing abstracts, reviews and a comprehensive index. – JZ, 17.5.14. – Writers, readers, publishers, editors and the general public would directly or indirectly benefit much from this. Just to reprint books again, with all their remaining flaws and without reference to such discussions, is just not good enough. It does not accelerate the process of enlightenment sufficiently. – But then readers and fans could also do their bit to establish such a permanent service for each important book. That would be much more useful than building monuments to these authors. So far all too many of them are not even included in bibliographies, abstracts and review compilations. – We ought to fully mobilize their strengths against the mobilizations of the war-mongers. - JZ, 28.8.08. - Q., STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, SLAVE MENTALITY, APATHY, IGNORANCE, PREJUDICES, INDIFFERENCE, LACK OF INTEREST IN THE OWN AFFAIRS, ESPECIALLY IN INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, PUBLISHING, DISCUSSIONS OF IMPORTANT BOOKS, CAUSE OF WARS

WAR: Whoever lights the torch of war in Europe can wish for nothing but chaos.” – Adolf Hitler, speech, 21.5.35. – Quoted in C. Jarman, The Rise and Fall of Nazi-Germany, p. 192. – Spoken while his government was busy rearming and conscripting! - If chaos was his wish, he certainly got it. – His “greater” Germany was smaller, and weaker in the end, and, under him, much less free and more murderous than it had been for a long time, thanks to his “great” leadership! The following “democratic” Germany (apart from the communist despotic period of East Germany) is a bit more appreciative of some basic liberties and rights, even though it is still very far from knowing and appreciating all of them. – The same, alas, applies to the “victors”, who are now also “armed” with mass murderous, totalitarian and anti-people “wonder-weapons” and still practise concentration camp methods, e.g. for illegal immigrants and refugees. – JZ, 20.8.08, 11.4.11.


WAR: Why didn’t a complacent public realize that there was a war going on, all the time, every day?” – F. Van Wyck Mason, The Deadly Orbit Mission, p.13. – While they have no say, far less freedom of action in this sphere, one should not expect them to show much interest. Slaves and serfs did not show much interest in the affairs of their slave owners or feudal lords, either. – JZ, 20.8.08. PEOPLE, MASSES, APATHY, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY,

WAR: Why should people shoot at each other, in an organized fashion and be paid for doing so? – JZ, 6.9.98. – Q.

WAR: Wicked waste of good men.” – WW I nurse. – They soon knew that they were senselessly slaughtered for the aims of politicians. They had guns in their hands. Why did they not turn their guns around, more often and do this quite sensibly and well organized, well thought-out and well executed -  against the main war criminals, the territorial power addicts? Who could have successfully resisted them then? – JZ, 21.8.08. - They were themselves addicts to territorialism and statism and knew and appreciated nothing better. - JZ, 11.4.11, 17.5.14.

WAR: Wild War, who breaks the converse of the wise.” – Tennyson, The Third of February. – If the “wise” men were foolish enough not to discuss, thoroughly enough, the precondition of a lasting peace and how to establish peace. – JZ, 9.7.82. – That should always have been their primary topic. But, was it? – JZ, 22.8.08. Is it now? How many have so far seriously discussed the alternative to territorialism? - JZ, 11.4.11. - "who" or "which"? - JZ - WISDOM, DISCUSSION, DUTY TO WORK FOR PEACE & A FREE & JUST SOCIETY

WAR: Without war no State could be. All those we know of arose through war, and the protection of their members by armed force remains their primary and essential task. War, therefore, will endure to the end of history, as long as there is a multiplicity of States.” – Heinrich von Treitschke, Politics, London, 1916. – Quoted in George Seldes, The Great Quotations. - STATES, WARFARE STATES, TERRITORIALISM

WAR: World War II was just settling into the routine of grinding human beings into garbage …” - Frederik Pohl, “The Best of C. M. Kornbluth” in comment to his story “The Rocket of 1955”, written when K. was in his teens, during WW II.

WAR: World War II: The Socialist Conflagration.” – C. B. Carson, THE FREEMAN, 1/78, p.38. – The State-Socialist Conflagration! It was not one of e.g., of voluntary or cooperative socialism. – JZ, 28.8.08, 11.4.11. – It is, rather, one of the frequent conflagrations of territorialism and statism, which are not only practised by State Socialists. – JZ, 3.7.13, 17.5.14. - SOCIALISM, STATE SOCIALISM

WAR: Would not almost everything else come, too, with a genuine peace, based on tolerance for all tolerant actions and as much freedom and justice as one wants to have for oneself and among like-minded other volunteers? – JZ, 27.9.05. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, TOLERANCE, VOLUNTARISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM & CHOICE, PEACE, PROGRESS

WAR: years in which there were no more words that were not lies; years in which even the last was suppressed or murdered who still strove towards truth; years of horror and of silence; years during which the great criminals of mankind played their bloody games with the peoples (and these allowed this to happen), only to see in the end, how much they had miscalculated – the years of murdering, without sense and aim, of murders without end! …” - John Henry Mackay, Abrechnung, S. 43. Only in a JZ tr. of: “Jahre, in denen es keinWort mehr gab, das nicht Luege war; Jahre, in denen auch das letzte unterdrueckt und gemeuchelt wurde, das noch hinauswollte zur Wahrheit; Jahre des Grauens und des Schweigens; Jahre in denen die grossen Verbrecher der Menschheit ihr blutiges Spiel mit den Voelkern trieben (und diese es mit sich treiben liessen), um dann am Ende doch zu sehen, wie sehr sie sich verrechnet hatten – die Jahre des Mordens, eines Mordens ohne Sinn und Ziel, eines Mordens ohne Ende! ...“) – STATISM, CENSORSHIP, WARFARE STATES, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, LACK OF RIGHTFUL WAR AIMS, IGNORANCE OF, LACK OF INTEREST IN OR SUPPRESSION OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

WAR: Yes, it is a fraud, committed for the sake of those accustomed to live on the sweat and blood of other men, and who have therefore perverted, and still pervert, Christ’s teaching, which was given to man for his good, but which has now, in its perverted form, become the chief source of human misery. - The thing has come about in this way: The government, and all those people of the upper classes that are near to the government, and that live by the work of others, need some means of dominating the workers, and this  means they find in their control of the army. Defence against foreign enemies is only an excuse. The German government frightens its subjects about the Russians and the French, the French government frightens its people about the German, the Russian government frightens its people about the French and the Germans, and that is the way with all governments. But neither the Germans, nor the Russians, nor the French, desire to fight their neighbours and other people, but, living in peace, they dread war more than anything else in the world. (*) The government and the upper governing classes, to excuse their domination of the labourers, behave like a gipsy who whips his horse before he turns a corner and then pretends he cannot hold it. They provoke their own people and some foreign governments, and then pretend that for the well-being or for the defence of their people they must declare war, which again brings profits only to generals, officers, functionaries, merchants, and, in general, to the rich. In reality war is an inevitable result of the existence of armies; and armies are only needed by governments in order to dominate their own working classes.” – Tolstoy, Letter to a Non-Commissioned Officer, p.15. - (*) If only that were the case! – JZ, 25.8.08. – Even Tolstoy was full of anti-capitalist errors and prejudices. – JZ, 17.5.14.

WAR: You can escape from wars only once you quite seriously ask yourself: How? – JZ, 17.6.03. – And ponder this question and all possible answers long enough. – JZ, 23.10.07. – I assembled and later digitized a number of thoughtful answers to a short peace questionnaire of mine in PEACE PLANS No. 650, – JZ, 21.4.09. - PEACE

WAR: You can no more win a war than you can win an earthquake.” - Jeannette Rankin (1880-1973) In or against or over an earthquake? – JZ. – While wars, as conventionally conducted, are almost as senselessly destructive and murderous as Earthquakes are, there were also a number of wars and revolutions that were conducted and won almost bloodlessly. Such instances should not be forgotten but widely published and explored for further improved actions. - JZ, 25.11.06. - War is a man-made or, rather, an event or happening produced by territorial governments. As such it is preventable. Free people can win, even against a powerful territorial government and this without a war against all its subjects, but, rather, by liberating them and fighting only against their victimizers: despots or tyrants. With territorial governments wars would disappear. – JZ, 22.4.09. – A man-made catastrophe, in victory as well as in defeat. Huge sacrifices in lives, materials and efforts without any positive and rightful results, comparable to productive and creative actions. As Kant said, it also produces more bad people than it eliminates. One might add, that it also wrongly eliminates many good people while not producing any new ones. – JZ, 27.4.13. - WARS LIKE EARTHQUAKES? REVOLUTIONARY WARFARE, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS, MASS FRATERNIZATION, PRISONERS OF WAR & REFUGEE TREATMENT, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, INDUCED MASS DESERTIONS & DEFECTIONS, UNILATERAL PEACE DECLARATIONS, PEACE TREATIES BETWEEN THE PEOPLES OVER THE HEADS OF THEIR GOVERNMENTS, QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR & PEACE AIMS, LIBERATION RATHER THAN MORE MASS MURDERS OF INNOCENTS

WAR: You cannot qualify war in harsher terms than I will. War is cruelty, and you cannot refine it.” – William T. Sherman, Letter to James M. Calhoun and others, Atlanta, Sept. 12, 1864. – The sentence: “War is cruelty… refine it.” does also occur in his “Memoirs”, 1875. - Instead, it should, as far as possible, become reduced to only the execution of just sentences upon war criminals. – We should turn wars into quite rightful police actions! Do policemen assert that cruelty is inevitable in their jobs? - With such description General Sherman tried to excuse his own cruelties! – How much more realistic was Shakespeare in Henry V., where he remarked somewhere: “For when lenity and cruelty play for a kingdom, the gentler gamester is the soonest winner!” – Quoted from my imperfect memory only. - JZ, 8.11.85, 21.8.08. - Has the Red Cross done nothing to diminish its cruelty? Has the rapid evacuation of wounded by helicopters done nothing to diminish the losses of human lives? Were all the international agreements on reducing total war altogether useless? Are wars improved by increasing their cruelty or the number of their dead or wounded and crippled? Should we praise the generals who maximized the slaughters of their men? - I find this remark as useless and immoral as e.g.: "War is war!"- JZ, 11.4.11.

WAR: You may be obliged to wage war, but not to use poisoned arrows.”  – Baltasar Gracian, The Art of Worldly Wisdom, 1647, 164, tr. Joseph Jacobs. – Unless they are only knock-out arrows or darts. – JZ, 17.11.85. – CHEMICAL WARFARE

WAR: You need only a show of war to have peace. “ – (Ostendite modo bellum, pacem habebitis.) – Livy, History, Bk. vi. ch. 18, sec.7. – Rather: You need only a show of war to get war! – Most arms races and “balance of power” policies ended in wars. - JZ, 22.8.08. – 

WAR: Your enemy wins once you begin to take his strategy as your own strategy, and his means as your own means – for then you have become your enemy. Do not be deceived that you use mellow words to describe your imitation and harsh words to describe your enemy. An infinity of words may be used to speak of the same action.” – Donald Kingsbury, Courtship Rite, ANALOG 29.3.82, p.130/31. - ENEMIES, WARFARE, VICTORY, DESERTION, WAR AIMS, WAR PROPAGANDA & LIES

WAR: Your refusal to think for yourself makes war possible. – View expressed on Facebook. – Do we really have freedom of decision-making and actions regarding war and peace or are these spheres legally and territorially monopolized by governments? – JZ, 24.1.12. – DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLIES, PEACE, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM

WAR: Youth is the first victim of war; the first fruit of peace. It takes twenty years or more of peace to make a man; it takes only twenty seconds to destroy him.” – King Baudouin I of Belgium, address to joint session of U.S. Congress, May 12, 1959.

WARDS OF THE GOVERNMENT: Indians used to be the wards of the government, but now we all are. Everybody is an Indian.” – Will Rogers, 1934. – WELFARE STATE, RESERVATION INDIANS, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY VS. SELF-OWNERSHIP & SELF-RESPONSIBILITY

WARDS OF THE GOVERNMENT: is it so difficult to permit men to experiment, to feel their way, to choose, to make mistakes, to correct them, to learn, to work together, to manage their own property and their own interests, to act for themselves, at their own risk and peril, on their own responsibility? Do we not see that this is what makes them men? Must we always start with the fatal premise that all those who govern are guardians and all the governed are wards?” – Bastiat, quoted by G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.242. – Here he came, perhaps, closest to panarchist ideas in all his writings. – JZ, 8.9.08. - OR FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT? PROTECTION, PROTECTIONISM, TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM, MUTUALISM, TOLERANCE VS. INTOLERANCE, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, SELF-GOVERNANCE VS. GOVERNMENT, NO MORE VICTIMS & VICTIMIZERS

WARDS OF THE GOVERNMENT: Karl Marx, “from each according to his ability, to each according to his need.Under this dispensation, the political apparatus, having nothing at its disposal except the police force, uses this force to take the fruits of productive effort in order to dispense the loot among the less productive. In theory, at least, that’s all there is to it – a leveling procedure! – Admittedly, this procedure appears to attract millions of our fellow citizens. It relieves them, they assume, of the necessity of looking after themselves; Uncle Sam is standing by with bags of forcibly collected largess. – To the unwary, this looks like a choice between security and freedom. But, in fact, it is the choice between self-responsibility of a free man or (*) the slave-like security of a ward of the government. Thus, if a person were to say, “I prefer being a ward of the government to exercising the personal practice of freedom”, he would at least be stating the alternatives in correct terms.” – Leonard E. Read, NOTES FROM FEE, 1/80 - (*) and? - JZ - At least all individuals should have the free choice of being a ward of the government of their own and individual free choice or being the own man, or woman. – Panarchies or experimental freedom also for statists of all kinds, in form of voluntary or competing governments, all only with voluntary subjects and none with any territorial monopoly. This being assured, it would be much easier for the various minorities that love at least degrees of liberties, to get the chance to practise as much liberty as they want to, among themselves only. It is a live and let-live compromise that is absolutely non-threatening to any other community, society or State except the ones which insist on upholding what they do misname “territorial integrity” or “national unity”, in reality States constitute a wrongful and irrational territorial monopoly for a relatively small ruling group and its supporters. – JZ, 8.9.08. 11.4.11. - SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, SECURITY, WELFARE STATE, NEEDS, MARXISM, COMMUNISM, TAXATION, STATE SOCIALISM, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, TOTALITARIANISM, PROPERTY RIGHTS, PROLETARIAT, DICTATORSHIP NOT OF & BY - BUT OVER THE PROLETARIANS & ALL OTHER GROUPS, EVEN MEMBERS OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY

WAREHOUSE RECEIPTS: But, of course, there’s no reason on earth why the issuance of warehouse receipts should be a governmental function.” – Leonard E. Read, the Love of Liberty, p.35. - Indeed, but for currency purposes one should distinguish between warehouses that contain merely single or a few raw materials in large quantities and e.g. department stores or supermarkets or shopping centers that offer masses of daily-required consumer goods in a vast variety. Ticket-money or goods- and service vouchers for consumer goods and services should be distinguished, at least for currency purposes from “asset” “currency” or capital certificates which are current at best only among a few merchants and capital investors. – Not all bonds and shares are also ready money, for e.g. wage payments and shopping,  although they can be sold for it, and are, loosely, also called money and some believe that they are a good cover for currency. They do not have as ready, frequent and fast acceptance and reflux to the issuer and with what can the owner of a bridge or a house, represented by such a capital certificate, redeem it upon demand? A bit of steel from the bridge or a brick or tile from house? Who would want that? They lack the ready reflux for wanted consumer goods and services. They have only a limited reflux option, e.g. for the payment of a bridge toll or for the rent of a house. If an employer tried to pay wages and salaries in form of shares in his enterprise, he would have a strike on his hand and many of his employees would give notice to him start a class action for unpaid wage and salary claims. Alas, even a Lysander Sponer did not distinguish them sufficiently and believed that all capital assets could be monetized directly into additional currency certificates, instead of merely sold for cash on an open market to any buyer of capital assets. – Thus this error is still wide-spread among the under-informed, who do not distinguish enough between the different forms of transferable assets. – Shares, bonds and mortgage letters have value on a stock exchange but have no ready and sufficient shop foundation in the nearest shop or shopping center. - JZ, 8.9.08. - MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE BANKING.

WARFARE CONDUCTED BY GOVERNMENTS: one-shot kill” capability. That is to say, in the First World War, you fired at least ten thousand bullets for every casualty. In the Second World War, you fired fifty to a hundred artillery rounds for every casualty you inflicted. Now, you fire one weapon and inflict a casualty – the casualty may well be a tank or an airplane, not just a person. The goal of all this stuff is to reduce the amount of weaponry you have to expend and kill the opponents. Of course, the weapons are so expensive that you’d better kill somebody with every one you fire; each round can cost anywhere form ten thousand to half a million dollars. … High technology is great for defeating conventional military technology that is two or three generations out of date, but it doesn’t solve the political problem you came to solve. – Gwynne Dyer, on conventional war, inBruce Mau & the Institute without Boundaries, Massive Change, p.162. - If we could fraternize with the soldiers on the other side or conclude a peace treaty with them, one based on quite just war and peace aims, declared long before it comes to a war and would not try so hard to kill or imprison them but, rather, treat them as neutrals or liberated persons and welcome guests whenever they desert or are taken prisoner, then not much fighting against the masses of primary victims of dictatorships would have to take place. If we offered them freedom and justice for their liberated countries, also the kind of societies of like-minded volunteers, which they would prefer for themselves, we would not even have to spend the massive amounts governments spend now on our weapons and ammunition or e.g. as prizes for their desertion from an aggressive despotic regime. Their nationalism or patriotism would induce them to change sides. Our liberation offer would be the main prize, reward or attraction for each of them. “To each the government or non-governmental society of his or her choice!” Under full freedom on our side they could soon come to earn much more than they ever did before. Not everything is a matter of brute strength and stupidity in combination. – As for the massive use of ammunition, Theodor Hertzka, in his Travel to Freeland, describes how efficient a relatively small army of sharpshooters could be. – Weapons to kill a power-mad dictator or tyrant on the other side need not be expensive but merely accurate. An accurately steered toy-plane or helicopter, carrying a small explosive, could be enough and could be steered from a distance by sight right at a tyrant, who is physically present. So could an accurate shot by a sharpshooter. And so could an accurately steered small drone, steered by somebody out of sight. – Can any tyrant be sufficiently protected against such executions? – They would have to stop all public appearance in person and appear to the public only as images and sounds on screens. – But they are still surrounded by assistants, whom they have to trust and by armed guards and these can be bribed. The costs for this would, most likely, be much less than the costs of a single day of continued warfare. In WW1 these costs in lives came to thousands per day. - JZ, 30.1.14. – INEFFICIENCY OF GOVERNMENTS, AS WARFARE STATES, IN THEIR CLASHES WITH EACH OTHER, AT THE EXPENSE OF THEIR SUBJECTS, QUITE RIGHTFUL DEFENCE EFFORTS, RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS, GOVERMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE, COSTS & DESERTION, TREATING ENEMY SOLDIERS AS ALLIES OR NEUTRALS OR AS LIBERATED PEOPLE, NOT AS ENEMIES, LIKE THEIR REGIMES, POW TREATMENT, TYRANNICIDE

WARFARE STATE: Any permanent, regular, administrative system, whose aim will be to provide for the needs of the poor, will breed more miseries than it can cure. - Alexis de Tocqueville, quoted by Nizam Ahmad – Facebook, 30.9.13. - WAR AGAINST POVERTY, A WAR AGAINST THE POOR, WELFARE STATES

WARFARE STATES & HUMAN NATURE: We also need to recognize that war is not the product of human nature, but of human institutions the system of nation states. It was the state that transformed cooperative hunting and gathering societies into war-making societies (States- JZ), and only the state can deploy the resources to threaten other states, build empires, and pursue their interests through violence. The behavior of states can be changed by those who lead them. We need leaders who will choose peace, not war, and it is up to the electorate to find them. - Major-General Leonard V. Johnson, CAF (Ret.), in D. Steve Chandler, Pat Chandler, Daryll Klein, and Mary Klein, Beyond War: A New Way of Thinking, in Physicians for Social Responsibility, Nuclear War: The Search for Solutions, ed. by Thomas L. Perry, M.D. and Dianne DeMille, 1985, p.298. He still mixed up States with societies and did not realize that it is the territorial nature of State and of the present kind of statism, which is the problem. Its decision-making on war and peace, armament and disarmament, international treaties and conferences perpetuates the situation and is not countered by e.g. a declaration of only quite rightful war and peace aims and defence methods, on the basis of declaring also all individual rights and liberties and the establishment of a militia for their protection, to replace all standing armies. Majority elections are unlikely to find suitable leaders. Territorialism has to be abolished via individual and groups secessionism and personal law societies of and for volunteers only. They would have no reasons, motives or powers to fight each other. –JZ, 30.1.14, 17.5.14.

WARFARE STATES: [Herbert] Spencer divided all human societies into the military type, based on force, and the industrial type, based on contract and free consent. – Harold D. Lasswell, The Garrison State, in WAR – Studies from Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, rev. and enlarged edition, ed. by Leon Bramson & George W. Goethals, Basic Books, Inc., Publishers, New York, London, 1968, p.319. - VS. PEACEFUL SOCIETIES, MILITARY VS. PEACEFUL SOCIETIES, TERRITORIAL SOCIETIES VS. EXTERRITORIAL ONES, COMPULSORY VS. VOLUNTARY SOCIETIES, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, META-UTOPIA VS. THE TERRITORIAL STATE.

WARFARE STATES: A people living under the perpetual menace of war and invasion is very easy to govern. It demands no social reforms. It does not haggle over expenditures for armaments and military equipment. It pays without discussion, it ruins itself, and that is an excellent thing for the syndicates of financiers and manufacturers for whom patriotic terrors are an abundant source of gain. - Anatole France - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. – Rightful alternatives must be offered to them and this in a believable way. Here governments and societies in exile could play an important role, if they are recognized as allies, already free to operate for their present volunteers in other countries and offered as rightful alternatives to their future volunteers in their home countries. – JZ, 17.5.14. – GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE AS ALLIES, PUBLICATION OF QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR & PEACE AIMS, APPEALS TO THE PATRIOTS & FREEDOM LOVERS NOW UNDER DESPOTIC & AGGRESSIVE REGIMES, MAXIMUM PUBLICITY FOR THEM, UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER DEMANDS ONLY TOWARDS THE DESPOTS, COMPREHENSIVE LIBERATION INSTEAD OF ANOTHER TERRITORIAL STATE AS AN ALTERNATIVE, REDIRECTED PATRIOTISM, USING THE POWER OF ATTRACTION, DEFENCE, POW’s & DESERTERS, RIGHTFUL & SENSIBLE TREATMENT, UNILATERAL & RIGHTFUL SEPARATE PEACE OFFERS TO THE VICTIMS OF REGIMES, SECURITY, NATIONALISM, FRATERNIZATION, SECRET ALLIES, MILITARY INSURRECTIONS & POPULAR REVOLUTIONS FOR QUITE RIGHTFUL AIMS

WARFARE STATES: Going to war accelerated the move from indirect to direct rule. Almost any state that makes war finds that it cannot pay for the effort from its accumulated reserves and current revenues. Almost all war-making states borrow extensively, raise taxes, and seize the means of combat – including men – from reluctant citizens who have other uses for their resources. –Charles TillyCOMPARE: “War is the health of the State.” – R. Bourne. - TERRITORIALISM, TAXATION, CONSCRIPTION, STATISM.

WARFARE STATES: Governments are prepared to sacrifices blindly the lives of millions of subjects when the prestige of State power is involved or some “error” in the defence system leads to military measures.” – LERNZIEL ANARCHIE Nr. 3. – HUMAN SACRIFICES, TERRITORIALISM, STATES, GOVERNMENTS

WARFARE STATES: Make peace, not war: With the world now spending one million million  (trillion - JZ) dollars on the military per year and 54% of peace agreements breaking down within five years of signature, can we say with sincerity that we’re committed to peace? – “Either war is obsolete or men are.” – Buckminster Fuller, inventor, architect and philosopher, 1895-1983, inBruce Mau & the Institute without Boundaries, Massive Change, p.177. It is territorial governments, which brought this situation about. They are, indeed, obsolete and all to dangerous and costly. So far we are not even free to secede from them. – JZ, 30.1.14. - PEACE, PEACE TREATIES, NWT

WARFARE STATES: People are killing each other in wrongful wars upon the decision and orders of their territorial governments. They also suffer taxation, confiscation, conscription and destruction of their property for the wrongful aims and purposes of their governments. Why don’t they arrest and execute their governments, instead, as intolerable war criminals? That would really be in their common interest or in the public interest, also of the people on the other side of the front. Or is the war propaganda of the own government any more believable than they one we get from the other warring government? Both and all other governments involved do act not only as foreigners but as enemies towards us, regardless of their contrary assertions. – JZ, 16.2.13. - GOVERNMENTS, LEADERSHIP, RULERS, TERRITORIALISM, OBEDIENCE, TYRANNICIDE, DISOBEDIENCE, WAR, PEACES, FRATERNIZATION, RESISTANCE, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY ON WAR & PEACE,

WARFARE STATES: When the tyrant has disposed of foreign enemies by conquest or treaty, and there is nothing to fear from them, then he is always stirring up some war or other, in order that the people may require a leader. –Plato, 347 B.C.DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, LEADERSHIP, POLITICIANS, TYRANTS

WARFARE STATES: Whenever the legislators endeavor to take away and destroy the property of the people, or to reduce them to slavery under arbitrary power, they put themselves into a state of war with the people, who are thereupon absolved from any further obedience …” - John Locke (1632-1704). - According to this statement territorial States tend to be Warfare States not only in their external policies but also in their internal ones. I haven't seen this before as clearly stated as it is here. - JZ, 24.11.06.


WARFARE: Captain Philip S. Mumford, a former British officer in Iraq, joined the Peace Pledge Union. He gave a speech about why. “What is the difference between throwing 5000 babies into a fire and throwing fire from aeroplanes on 5000 babies?” he asked. “There is none.” – It was January 5, 1917.” - Nicholson Baker, Human Smoke, the Beginnings of World War II, the End of Civilization, Simon & Schuster, 2008, p.66. - INDISCRIMINATE, AGAINST WOMEN & CHILDREN, AIR RAIDS

WARFARE: civilized’ warfare was … abandoned by both sides in WW II.” – LAISSEZ FAIRE BOOKS CATALOGUE, Sum, 76, on F.J. Veale’s Advance to Barbarism. – It seems to me that already before this war and since then the international laws of warfare and the treaties on them, were not part of the military training of officers and recruits – although the governments had signed them and thus obliged themselves to abide by them. – But then, which promises are ever kept by territorial politicians? In this way the territorial governments on all sides greatly neglected their defence duties and acted as if only manpower, technical military training, weapons, discipline and propaganda were important. Since they neglected to declare quite rightful war aims, we should not be surprised that they also neglected to declare rightful warfare methods. They seemed to have acted on the primitive and already then illegal notion: “In war anything goes!” Since rulers are usually quite ignorant on e.g. free market economics and individual human rights and liberties and of the political institutions that are based upon these rights and liberties, we should not be surprised about their failures, omission and outright crimes in this sphere as well. – JZ, 28.8.08.

WARFARE: Confining all military defensive measures to strikes against an aggressive enemy regime is not only right but much cheaper than striking against its conscripts, its tax slaves, its forced laborers and their property and their families and friends. – JZ, 21.7.87, 24.8.08. - ENEMY, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, AIR RAIDS, INDISCRIMINATE WARFARE, SCORCHED EARTH POLICIES, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, MASS MURDER DEVICES, WEAPONS, NWT

WARFARE: Encourage deserters and mutineers, disobedience and insurrections towards their dictatorial regimes – e.g. through quite rightful war and peace aims, and by recognizing all kinds of governments and societies in exile for them, all only for their present and future volunteers, to be freely chosen by them as alternatives to the presently ruling territorial regime. And do treat prisoners, deserters and refugees as potential allies or neutrals, rather than as enemies. Make sure they are freely integrated in the process of production and exchange, in accordance with their preferences and abilities. Preparations should be made, as Ulrich von Beckerath suggested, to provide millions of such people, arriving quite suddenly, with productive jobs. Full monetary and financial freedom has the potential to achieve that. The technical and economic details of such measures should be studied and already employed in peace time – to overcome then any involuntary unemployment, under-development and sales difficulties or economic crisis, all of them all too frequent and likely under monetary and financial despotism. – JZ, 16.4.82, 28.8.08, 17.5.14.

WARFARE: He that makes a good war makes a good peace.” – George Herbert, Outlandish Proverbs, 1640. – Yes, if “good” were properly qualified. – JZ, 8.11.85. – He who makes a good, a quite rightful peace, can prevent even the best of wars, not to speak of the worst ones. – And this largely with the help of the soldiers of an enemy regime! – JZ, 29.10.08.

WARFARE: In 1590 Henry of Navarra (later Henry IV) laid siege to Paris. A famine resulted which he relieved by permitting the population to buy food in his camp.” – Ferdinand Schmidt, Der Franzosenkrieg, II, S. 264, Verlag von Franz Lobeck in Berlin. - SIEGES, BLOCKADES, NOT HUNGER OR STARVATION BUT FOOD USED AS A WEAPON

WARFARE: In modern war there is nothing sweet nor fitting in your dying. You will die like a dog for no good reason. - Ernest Hemmingway - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. – DECLARATION OF QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR- & PEACE AIMS

WARFARE: It is easier for an aggressor to kill when he does not see the appeasement displays and signals for surrender. Animals fighting close together can hardly avoid seeing the signals, but once man was able to use projectile weapons, these natural mechanisms to cut off the aggressor were weakened. The greater the range of combat, the easier killing became, and the push-button war of the twentieth century was the final step in distancing and depersonalizing adversaries. - Michael W. Fox - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. - MODERN, IMPERSONAL KILLING FROM A DISTANCE

WARFARE: One of the basic tenets of humanism is the maintaining of limits and moral restraints even during wartime. People with simplistic and extreme thinking tend to argue thus: since killing is inevitable in war, why isn’t everything permissible? - This approach assumes that we only have a choice between two equally bad absolutes: total pacifism or total brutality. But humanism, civilization, insists that there is a meaning to moral constraints even during war: Not all is permissible just because the guns are roaring.” – Yermiyahu Yovel, in NEW OUTLOOK, Sep./Oct. 81, p. 19. - HUMANE & DISCRIMINATING WARFARE, RATHER A RIGHTFUL POLICE ACTION THAN CONVENTIONAL WARFARE OR NUCLEAR WARFARE, HUMANISM

WARFARE: Sire, three centuries of civilization have bequeathed to Europe a law of nations for which in the words of a famous writer, human nature will never be grateful enough. This law is founded on the principle that nations should in time of peace do each other the most good and in time of war the least possible harm.” – Talleyrand on Napoleon. – Quoted in C. Bingham, Men and Affairs, p.143. - WAR AIMS, INTERNATIONAL LAW

WARFARE: The hero in the next war, the man who from the air destroys a whole peaceful township in its sleep with poison gas, is not expressing any biological characteristics of his organism, or showing any moral virtues. - Bronislaw Malinowski - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. - PATRIOTISM, AIR RAIDS, MASS MURDER, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, MORALITY, HUMAN NATURE, VIRTUE

WARFARE: To fight and conquer in all your battles is not supreme excellence; supreme excellence consists in breaking through the enemy’s resistance without fighting.” – Tun Tus, 500 B.C., quoted by Frank J. Johnson in “No Substitute for Victory”. – DESERTION, WAR AIMS, POW TREATMENT, LIBERATION, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE

WARFARE: To the extent that a war is fought indiscriminately against criminals and innocents, according to the “principle” of collective responsibility, it is wrong. To the extent that it is fought discriminatingly, only against wrong doers in power, it is right. – 23.3.03. – Only in the latter case can a war become reduced to a rightful police action. – JZ, 8.9.07. - RIGHTFUL VS. WRONGFUL WARFARE

WARFARE: Who should be mainly targeted in any truly defensive, liberating and rightful as well as sufficiently limited war? – JZ, n.d. & 23.10.07. – The top decision-makers. None of these monsters really knows or cares what they are doing to us. They are the first captives of their own great speeches. – JZ, 21.4.09. - CONSCRIPT ARMIES? TARGETS, ENEMIES, TYRANTS, WAR CRIMINALS, AGGRESSORS, Q., DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, POWER, LEADERSHIP

WARFARE: Winston Churchill, England’s first lord of the admiralty, instituted the naval blockade of Germany. “The British blockade”, Churchill wrote later, “treated the whole of Germany as if it were a beleaguered fortress, and avowedly sought to starve the whole population – men, women and children, old and young, wounded and sound – into submission.” It was 1914.” – Nicholson Baker, Human Smoke, the Beginnings of World War II, the End of Civilization, Simon & Schuster, 2008, p.2. – “War is now dropping bombs from aeroplanes and killing women and children in their beds, …” Harry Emerson Fosdick, in “a short book published by the Young Men’s Christian Association…. Fosdick ended his book with a call for enlistment: “Your country needs you,” he said. It was November 1917.” – Ibid, p.3. - My mother, born 1907, was starving as a child as a result of his blockade and I was one of the millions of wrongful targets of his air raids on Berlin. How many attacks on the German emperor and Hitler did he command, if any? So why should I forgive politicians like him for such warfare policies, on the “principle” of collective responsibility? I never read that he attacked this “principle” and its practice anywhere. Just like Hitler, Stalin and Mao didn’t. Thus Churchill, too, will one day be judged by history as one of the main war criminals and mass murderers. – JZ, 14.9.08. – Since he read and wrote much history his adherence to this mass murderous notion of collective guilt is all the less excusable. – JZ, 22.4.09. - BLOCKADES, AIR RAIDS, INDISCRIMINATE WARFARE AGAINST WOMEN & CHILDREN, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY HYPOTHESIS

WARLIKE: Is Man Warlike? “… it is only possible to attract mankind toward war by cunning and fraud.” – “Tolstoy on Civil Disobedience and Nonviolence”, p. 63.

WARLIKE: There is no reason to think that Sparta was any happier than Athens. Success in arms is no measure of joy. It might even be fair to conclude that those who like war most must be those who like life least.” – Maurice Cranston, Political Dialogues, p. 48, putting these words into the mouth of Diderot. – MAN, AGGRESSIVENESS, HUMAN NATURE, SPARTANS

WARRIORS: All warriors tend to be territorialists. All peaceful coexistence actions, to become really effective, require the background of personal law or exterritorial autonomy or voluntarism. – JZ, on Facebook, comment to Wall Photos – edited now, 4.10.12. - & TERRITORALISM

WARS & GOVERNMENTS & PEOPLES: Wars are conducted between governments, not peoples. – Michael P. Kube-McDowell, Alternaties, Ace Books New York, 1988, p.223. – If only they were conducted, exclusively one government against another government. Instead, they usually attack each other’s more or less involuntary and innocent subjects, rather than only the other government, while leaving the populations alone. Both attack the population of the other government, both under the pretence of having to defend the own population. The populations on both sides, including their soldiers, should fraternize and, together, get rid of their territorial governments, usually only made up of power addicts. Then they should dissolve themselves into associations of volunteers only, all under self-chosen personal law and institutions. – That should be their common peace aim. No more military slavery and forced labor or taxes for the wrongful aims of any territorial government. - JZ, 10.9.13, 19.9.13.

WARS & PROSPERITY: War prosperity is like the prosperity that an earthquake or plague brings. – Ludwig von Mises, quoted by Nizam Ahmad sharing LearnLiberty's photo. – Facebook, 12.9.13.

WASHINGTON, D.C.: where they took a perfectly good swamp and turned it into a sewer.” - L. Neil Smith, Lever Action, A Mountain Media Book, 2001,, p.173.

WASHINGTON, USA: Washington is not America. It has become an alien city-state that rules America, and much of the rest of the world, in the way that Rome ruled the Roman Empire. –Richard Maybury

WASHINGTON: Crime Map Beta - Trulia - - Is Washington, D.C. clearly indicated there as the center for all official and legalized crimes in the U.S.A.? D.C. - AS CRIME CENTRE FOR THE USA

WASHINGTON: Did Washington raise a flag to which the wise and honest did repair? Did he oppose legal tender paper money? Did he demand honest payments for his soldiers or did he help to cheat them out of much of their pay and prevented their effective protest? Did he himself pay with depreciated paper money while demanding payment in rare metals from his tenants? Did he help to get Thomas Paine out of his death cell in Paris and Lafayette out of imprisonment in Austria? What was his stand on slavery, decentralization, individual rights? - JZ, 4.1.96. - "Let us raise up a standard to which the wise and honest can repair." - George Washington. –

WASHINGTON: Led military in armed revolution over 3% tea tax. Imposes 25% whiskey Tax. - Earl Chandler added a new photo – Facebook, 4.5.14. – TAXATION, AMERICAN REVOLUTION

WASHINGTON: next to the middle of Siberia or possibly the Gobi desert, Washington, D.C. was the most disposable place on Earth.” – Isaac Asimov, ANALOG, 7/89. - FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, CANBERRA

WASHINGTON: To “Rosey” Rosselli, Washington, D.C. was about 300 square miles surrounded by reality.” – Tom Clancy, The Sum of all Fears, p.224. – I was impressed by the contrast of at least one slum quarter, back in 1990, close to the centers of power of the richest country in the world. – What was then and what is today the rate of unemployed and of social service recipients in Washington, the greatest taxation and hand-out capital of the world? - JZ, 14.9.07. - GOVERNMENTS & REALITY

WASHINGTON: Washington D.C. will never solve America’s problems. Washington D C. IS America’ problem. – - Dale Ogden shared The Federalist Papers's photo. -  Dale Ogden: Let's not forget Sacramento, Albany, Trenton, Tallahassee, etc. – Facebook, 18.11.12. - John Zube : Washington, D.C. is merely a city. Territorial politicians, i.e. people with wrongful powers in their hands, do cause the problem. Until they are seen as THE problem, they will remain and cause all the problems and wrongs inherent in territorial statism, 18.11.12, 17.5.14. - FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, STATE & LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, POWER ADDICTS AS LEADERS

WASHINGTON: Washington DC today is brain dead. But do not be misled by that, because the rest of our country is alive.” - Thomas Friedman, columnist with THE NEW YORK TIMES, in speech to the Sydney Institute, edited version in THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 4.5.07. – FEDERAL GOVERNMENTS, GOVERNMENT

WASHINGTON: Washington is not America. It has become an alien city-state that rules America, and much of the rest of the world, in the way that Rome ruled the Roman Empire.” – Richard Maybury - FEDERALISM, CENTRALIZATION, AMERICANISM, IMPERIALISM, POWER, USA

WASTE: Government coercion and compulsion, monopolies, laws, regulations, bureaucracies, conscription and taxation allow the government to waste much of your life, time, energy, labor, productivity and thus, to a large extent, waste you. – JZ, 1.6.84, 28.8.08. - TERRITORIALISM

WASTE: Great nations are never impoverished by private, though they sometimes are by public prodigality and misconduct.” – Adam Smith, quoted by Prof. L. Chipman, in QUADRANT, 4/76. – GOVERNMENT SPENDING, PUBLIC SPENDING, BUDGET, WELFARE STATE, ARMS RACE

WASTE: I must start with a review of Galbraith’s 1958 “Affluent Society”…. written by Adam Smith in 1776. I quote from Adam Smith: “It is the highest impertinence and presumption in kings and ministers to pretend to watch over the economy of private people and to restrain their expense either by sumptuary laws or by prohibiting the importation of foreign luxuries. They are themselves always and without any exception the greatest spendthrifts in the society. Let them look well after their own expenses and they may safely trust private people with theirs. If their own extravagance does not ruin the state, that of their subjects never will.” – Milton Friedman, From Galbraith to Economic Freedom.

WASTE: It is a popular delusion that the government wastes vast amounts of money through inefficiency and sloth. Enormous effort and elaborate planning are required to waste this much money.” – P. J. O’Rourke - THROUGH GOVERNMENT SPENDING & BUREAUCRACY, JOKES

WASTE: The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars, // But in ourselves, that we are underlings.” – “We the citizens have erected this Colossus of waste and extravagance and we alone can remove it.” – Sir Ernest Benn, Speech, 27.1.31, in Deryck Abel, Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, p.154.

WASTE: The government is very productive – of waste. – That is about all they can do with any degree of “efficiency”. - JZ, 20.11.78. – GOVERNMENT, BUREAUCRACY, PLANNING, EFFICIENCY, INEFFICIENCY

WASTE: Waste not your energies, but turn them all to your own advantage.” – Badcock, Slaves to Duty.

WASTE: Waste, however, is categorically not the essential issue in tax limitation and tax elimination. The issue is precisely whether government should appropriate people’s income and property for purposes of furthering other people’s projects.” – Tibor Machan, REASON, 11/78. – TAXATION, EXPROPRIATION, BUREAUCRACY, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, WELFARE & WARFARE STATE, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

WASTE: We're told cars are wasteful. Wasteful of what? Oil did a lot of good sitting in the ground for millions of years. We're told cars should be replaced with mass transportation. But it's hard to reach the drive through window at McDonald's from a speeding train. And we're told cars cause pollution. A hundred years ago city streets were ankle deep in horse excrement. What kind of pollution do you want? Would you rather die of cancer at eighty or typhoid fever at nine? – P. J. O'RourkeOIL, CARS, POLLUTION, CONSERVATION, POLLUTION, HORSE-MANURE, MASS TRANSIT

WASTE: when people have freedom of choice and are spending their own money, there can be no waste (*), at least at the time of expenditure. Waste appears (**) when people start spending other people’s money. It appears with corporatism and reaches its zenith with big government. – The addition of coercion to corporatism creates a powerhouse of waste-making. – Viv Forbes, in a letter to the editor, reproduced in PROGRESS PARTY NEWSLETTER 4/87. - (*) In many ways private individuals can also waste their own life, earnings, property and resources – but, all people should be free to do so and thereby learn from their own mistakes. - (**) It not only appears but becomes multiplied and perpetuated in these cases. – JZ, 8.5.87. - TERRITORIALISM

WATCH GOVERNMENT: We must have government, but we must watch them like a hawk.” – Millicent Fenwick (1983) - We do not have to watch it, if we do not have it in the first place. Government is rather like having a wild lion or tiger in the house. Why have them as a pet, in the first place? - JZ, 22. 11. 06. – Why expect any good to come of such “servants”? – JZ, 22.4.09. - GOVERNMENT, STATE, STATISM, SURVEYANCE, SPYING ON TERRITORIAL SUBJECTS, POLICE STATE, GOVERNMENTAL TERRORISM, TOTALITARIANISM, TYRANNIES

WATER & SAND TACTICS: Be like water or sand, giving way to irresistible force, but soon flow back against to drown or bury it.” – Easier said than done but some steps in this direction have already been successfully tried. – JZ, 13.2.07, 25.10.07. – I prefer the ju-jit-su defence technique, which uses the strength of the enemy regime, its military forces, against it. – JZ, 21.4.09. – DESERTION, MILITARY INSURRECTION, SEPARATE PEACE TREATIES, QUITE RIGHTFUL WAR & PEACE AIMS, GOVERNMENTS 7 SOCIETIES IN EXILE, PANARCHISM, UNILATERAL PEACE DECLARATIONS, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, STRATEGIES FOR FREEDOM, PEACE & JUSTICE, PRISONERS OF WAR TREATMENT, REFUGEES, ASYLUM, DESERTION

WATER FLUORIDATION: Have you ever wondered why 98% of Europe have fluoride free water? France refused to fluoridate its population- the chief counsel of public health rejected fluoridation in 1980 because of possible harm to human health. There is no fluoridation in Finland because of fears of osteoporosis. Toxic fluorides have never been added to Danish water because of a lack of studies on its long-term effects on human organ systems others than teeth and on its effects on fresh water ecosystems. Luxembourg decided that mass medication by fluoride was not suitable for its population. Germany rejected fluoridation because the recommended dose of 1ppm was too close to the dose at which long -term damage to the human body is to be expected. In Norway it was decided that people can choose whether or not to use fluoride. In Holland fluoridation is banned under their constitution. Italy and Belgium, like France , rejected fluoride outright. Yet we in Ireland are still fluoridated. Why? - Troylynn Jackson Scott shared The Girl Against Fluoride's photo. – www. Facebook, 29.8.13. – 

WATER SHORTAGES: Charge enough, the free market price, the one for any particular place and period, and it will be supplied at this price and a high price will induce water saving. Then water collection, water production and water distribution will not longer be a major problem. – Obviously, one cannot leave this job to politicians and bureaucrats. They mess it up like they do everything else. – JZ, 23.10.04, 22.10.07. - & WATER PRICING

WATER SUPPLY: I do not see why any river water should be allowed to flow into the oceans, unless it is really surplus water for us. Coastal sweet water life forms could be transferred to interior locations. River flows could be artificially changed to where the water is needed, via pipes and pumps or via elevating masses of water and letting them flow along other courses, including artificial tunnels, in directions more advantageous to us. The lifting power could come e.g. from pumps driven by wind and sun power, which had already moved these waters before. Why should we have to depend on the amount of sweet water that is supplied to us naturally, via rain accumulating in natural rivers and dams across them? As far as it is useful and safe enough for us we should master nature instead of being mastered by it. We do this already via tools, machines, clothing and housing, heating and cooling our places and finding cures for “natural” diseases attacking us. – Artificial mountains could even supply us with additional rain and river flows. Offshore floating artificial mountains could bring us rain when and where we need it. Icebergs and their sweet water are so far largely wasted. Condensation of water can be artificially induced and the condensed water collected, not only in energy wasting ways. Alternative energy sources could be used to desalinate seawater. The options are endless for technicians and economists but not for politicians and bureaucrats who are still in charge and cannot even apply free water pricing. – JZ, 13.2.07, 25.10.07.

WATER SUPPLY: In France, water supply, historically an unregulated private system, is a model of equity and efficiency.” - Richard Cornuelle, Healing America, G. P. Putnam’s Sons, New York, 1983, p.191. – Why are important facts, like this one, all too often and for all too long hidden or unknown in other countries? An ideas archive would bring all of them to light. – JZ, 22.4.09.

WATER, CLEAN WATER: ULTRAVIOLET MAKES SAFE DRINKING WATER: Using UV-light technology, Ashok Gadgil’s invention, UV Waterworks, disinfects four gallons of water every minute at a cost of about five cents for every thousand gallons. It is intended for a developing community of about 2,000 people, such as Bhupalpur, India. With one unit running 24/7, it would produce enough safe drinking water for the entire community. – BOTTLED SEWAGE: Since 1980, Zenon Environmental, Inc. has been perfecting membrane technology (“Zeeweed”) for the purposes of overcoming global water shortages. [clean water - JZ] A 2003 recipient of the prestigious Stockholm Industry Water Award, Zenon’s magic, purifying membrane filters out microbes in drinking water, purifying even raw sewage. Newater is Singapore’s answer to water self-sufficiency and a fine example of safe drinking water that was once regarded as waste. - InBruce Mau & the Institute without Boundaries, Massive Change, p.212.

WAVES: Make waves! – JZ, 11.3.73. - And, above all - do make waves! – JZ, 13.3.92. – Especially with new ideas and self-help actions. – JZ, 7.9.08.

WAY OF LIFE: It’s no longer our way of life but our way to death. – JZ, 74. – NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, TERRITORIALISM

WAY: Find a way or make a way.” – Poster slogan, 1980.

WAY: GET OUT OF MY WAY!” It is also clear that a doctrine that could be summarized as "Get out of my way" has certain flaws. Those shortcomings become increasingly apparent to young men and women who, at the outset, accept Miss Rand as an oracle whose opinions are flawless.” - Robert LeFevre, THE LIBERTARIAN, p.14. - Have all the flaws in Ayn Rand's philosophy as yet been alphabetically collected and dealt with? The same should be done for every other important libertarian thinker, so that their followers can more easily follow only their correct teachings, instead or falling into the same mind-traps that their idol did. - JZ, 23.12.07. – This reminds me of the thoughtless action of my eldest grandson who, on one occasion, simply pushed his younger brother out of his way, instead of asking him or going around him. Mere herd animals might act more sensibly. Brains are all too often abused rather than used. The rights of others are still too often ignored or even remain unknown. Naturally, no one has the right to willfully block others in their rightful endeavors. – JZ, 22.4.09.


WE VS. I: What, however, is the meaning of the should of a collective person? As long as the I prevails, my rights and duties can be determined by my reason alone. As soon as I speak of We, I am no longer authorized to follow my own understanding. I must become sure of the will of all to act in their name. …” – (Was hat aber das Sollen einer kollectiven Person fuer eine Bedeutung? Solange es heisst: Ich, so sind meine Rechte und Pflichten allein durch meine Vernunft bestimmbar; sobald ich aber sage: Wir, so bin ich nicht mehr befugt, meiner Einsicht allein zu folgen. Ich muss des Willens aller versichert sein, um in ihrem Namen zu handeln. …) - Fichte, Beitrag zur Berichtigung der Urteile des Publikums ueber die Franzoesische Revolution, 1793, S.299. – Here he advocated individual secessionism and considered it to be the rightful essence of any revolution. Alas, in the struggle against emperor Napoleon he became a collectivist and territorial nationalist of the almost totalitarian type. Even great thinkers are children of their times and not always consistent. – JZ, 21.4.09. - COLLECTIVISM, INDIVIDUALISM, RIGHTS, DUTIES, REASON, SELF-DETERMINATION, SHOULD, OUGHT, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES VS. COLLECTIVIST MERE CLAIMS, FICHTE

WEAKNESS: a weak government is the corollary of a strong people. – The Sixteenth Amendment changed all that.” - Frank Chodorov, The Income Tax, VI. – PEOPLE, STRENGTH, GOVERNMENT

WEAKNESS: All weakness tends to corrupt, and impotence corrupts absolutely.” - Edgar Z. Freidenberg – One should not have to need strength for freedom to act within one’s own rights and interests. Under freedom and rights, fully recognized and realized, even the weak could do their own things for and to themselves, in accordance with their knowledge and prejudices, no longer territorially held back or exploited by the strong, e.g. through taxation and vested interests with government backing. Anyhow, on a free market, even the strong largely depend upon the votes of the weak, voting with their dollars, for whatever the strong have to offer them (without any territorial privileges or monopolies granted to them by the State). – Riches are mostly not gathered by supplying the wealthy with luxury goods but the masses of the relatively poor with the kinds of consumer goods and services that they want and need for themselves. To that extent the rich serve the poor in a free market. - JZ, 23.1.08, 18.5.14. - & STRENGTH, BOTH ARE CORRUPTING, – Friedenberg? Freudenberg?

WEAKNESS: Give us weak government. So much the better.” – Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 10/75.

WEAKNESS: It has often been said that power corrupts. But it its perhaps equally important to realize that weakness, too, corrupts. Power corrupts the few, while weakness corrupts the many.” – Eric Hoffer, The Passionate State of Mind, p.28, (1954). – The few who are now powerful could easily be overcome by many volunteers knowing and willing to uphold their individual rights and liberties by means of a suitable militia force established for this purpose. E.g. the conscripts of a dictatorship, sufficiently prepared and enlightened by broadcasted propaganda, could almost overnight transform themselves into such a militia. Military uprisings are not rare but were rarely ever provided with a good program. Now the best possible and most rightful resistance, defence, liberation, insurrection and revolution program could be spread, cheaply, in many ways. – The weakness consists mainly in ideas and knowledge and in insufficient interest in important affairs that go beyond the daily household chores and the bread-earning jobs and some other private activities of no interest to the rulers. - JZ, 28.8.08. 12.4.11, 18.5.14. - MILITIA, KNOWLEDGE, IGNORANCE, IDEAS, APPRECIATION OF THE OWN RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, INTEREST IN SERIOUS READING & STUDIES, WHILE INTEREST IN E.G. RELIGION, FASHIONS, ARTS, HOBBIES, CRAFTS, SPORTS, ENTERTAINMENT & MERE NEWS IS STRONG.

WEAKNESS: Neither is there any possible definition of “the weak”. Some are weak in one way, and some in another; and those who are weak, in one sense, are strong in another. In general, however, it may be said that those, whom humanitarians and philanthropists call the weak, are the ones through whom the productive and conservative forces of society are wasted. (*) They constantly neutralize and destroy the finest efforts of the wise and industrious, and are a dead-weight on the society in all its struggles to realize any better things. Whether the people who mean no harm, but are weak in the essential powers necessary to the performance of one’s duties in life, or those who are malicious and vicious, do the more mischief, is a question not easy to answer.” – W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p. 19/20. - (*) Wasted in one way, e.g. through taxes, subsidies, Welfare State efforts and wars. The “weak” are the exploited, the working people and taxpayers, whose earnings are wasted by bureaucrats and politicians. They are kept poor, and often unemployed, exploited by taxes, monopolies, tariffs, monetary despotism and xyz wrongful laws and institutions. – They are what Sumner called “the forgotten men and women”. - JZ, 28.2.08, 18.5.14. - UNDERDOGS, PROLETARIANS, THE POOR, PEOPLE, SUBJECTS, WELFARE RECIPIENTS, TAXPAYERS

WEAKNESS: nothing of the log cabin that blossomed out into a seven-room house with hot-and-cold running water and a garage. No tribute is paid to the support of the weak that is an automatic result of the free enterprise system because no one can bring prosperity to himself without brining it to others (except where prosperity is due to government subvention).” – W. F. Buckley, God and Man at Yale, p.53. – CAPITALISM, 19th CENTURY PROGRESS, POVERTY REDUCTION, PROLETARIANS LARGELY DISAPPEARING OR SHRUNK TO A SMALL MINORITY

WEAKNESS: Of course the weak ought to be helped (*), but not to the point where their values, which are rooted in dependence and passivity – appealing basically to pity, that most debilitating of human emotions – begin to take precedence over the values of the strong, which are those of independence and creativity, the source of all progress and achievement.” – Peregrine Worthorne, THE AUSTRALIAN, 7.11.74. - (*) Enlightened and freed, mostly - or only helped, regardless of their self-help potential? - JZ

WEAKNESS: The weak have one weapon: The errors of those who think they are strong. – G. Bidault, b. 1899, quoted in A. Andrews Quotations, p.443. – In politics and in military matters their very strength can at least sometimes be turned against them, as happens e.g. in forms of unarmed combat, like Judo and Jiu-Jitsu and, probably, many other forms. The conscripts of a regime and almost all its suppressed minorities can be turned against it. They are our “secret allies”, as Eugene Lyons described in several books about the conflict with totalitarian communism. – Strength can be a weakness, or a delusion, not only regarding the nuclear war threat. – Soviet Russia had ca. 120 ethnic minorities and Red China has 56 – not to speak of all their other suppressed minorities or even their suppressed majority. – The centrifugal forces of any enforced territorial "unity" can be released. - JZ, 28.8.08. – BUREAUCRACY, LEADERSHIP, CONVENTIONAL WARFARE, CONSCRIPTION, MINORITIES, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, FROM POWERLESSNESS TO POWERFUL & GENUINE SELF-GOVERNMENT

WEAKNESS: Weak nations etc. are also all those which are territorially organized and thus expose themselves more or less or even invite the use of ABC mass murder devices against as large “targets” and also conventional mass murder devices used in military attacks upon “their” territories. – JZ, 5.4.95, 8.9.08. – The imagined strength of nuclear armed powers is also a weakness. For it they ever accidentally or intentionally make use of these "weapons" then their own subjects are also exposed to the mass murder devices of the territorial enemy regime. - JZ, 12.4.11. – WEAK NATIONS, WEAK STATES, WEAK SOCIETIES, STRENGTH, TERRITORIALISM, UNITY, NATIONALISM, NUCLEAR WAR THREATS, TARGETS, CONQUEST OPPORTUNITIES

WEAKNESS: You cannot strengthen the weak by weakening the strong.” – From a 1942 leaflet by the Committee for Constitutional Government. – Quoted in Seldes.

WEALTH: A short description of the wealth tax is that it is not a tax on money earned or money spent but a tax on what, if anything, remains.” – Max Hollingworth, in THE AUSTRALIAN, 13.9.75. - By thus reducing savings and productive investments the production of wealth is also reduced. To the extent that taxes are used to maintain an unproductive or even counter-productive bureaucracy and keeps able and willing workers in idleness, living off the dole, wealth production is further reduced. Most State-owned capital is also mismanaged and leads to losses or overpriced services, thus further reducing our standard of living. If all the government owned capital assets in some countries were privatized then most of their subjects could become rich in capital assets. See PEACE PLANS 19 C. - JZ, 12.4.11. -  TAXATION, WEALTH, VOLUNTARY TAXATION

WEALTH: abolishing major taxes and removing excessive regulations could triple or quadruple the average person’s wealth virtually overnight.” - Jarret Wollstein, in talk: “Who Needs Uncle Sam?” - As reviewed in FREEDOM NETWORK NEWS, 12/07, p.19. – Whether that much or less, it would certainly be increased considerably. – But freedom option go much further than that. How far? Panarchies should be free to demonstrate that to all the doubting Thomas’s. - JZ, 10.9.08.

WEALTH: Above all, governments are by nature incompetent at organizing or stimulating the production of wealth.” – From the cover of Prof. H. S. Ferns, The Disease of Government. - Also its free exchange. - JZ, 12.4.11. - TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS, FREE PRODUCTION & EXCHANGE

WEALTH: Americans are losing the freedom that enables them to create wealth. And the extent to which government has violated, curtailed and infringed our freedom to explore, to develop and grow, to produce and trade, THAT is the extent to which our wealth has been diminished …” – Eugene Guccione, THE FREEMAN, 9/75, p. 549. - TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS

WEALTH: Any wealth which does not consist out of the profits of socially harmful monopolies is socially harmless.” – Ulrich von Beckerath, 1.11.55. - Revise tr. JZ, 12.4.11.

WEALTH: As former Citibank chairman Walter Wriston observed in an essay in FOREIGN AFFAIRS ( September 1997 ): ‘The pursuit of wealth is now largely the pursuit of information and its application to the means of production. (*) The rules, customs, skills and talents necessary to uncover, capture, produce, preserve and exploit information are now mankind’s most important assets.” (**) - Thomas Friedman, The Lexus and the Olive Tree, p.220, Harper Collins Publishers, ISBN 0 00 655139 4 - (*) As if free enterprise and free exchange for goods and services, including full monetary and financial freedom, did not matter! As if all of us could ever come to live merely through the exchange of information! – JZ, 12.4.11. - (**) Politicians and bureaucrats as well as military leaders still seem to think that their ignorance of or prejudices against sound alternatives are, apart from their power, their main assets. Naturally, their power rests also upon popular errors and prejudices which are not yet systematically tackled on the Internet as yet, e.g. by a digitized encyclopedia of their best refutations. - JZ, 13.9.08. - INFORMATION, KNOWLEDGE, IDEAS, IDEAS ARCHIVE, ENCYCLOPEDIA OF REFUTATIONS

WEALTH: Collectivism doesn't work because it's based on a faulty economic premise. There is no such thing as a person's "fair share" of wealth. The gross national product is not a pizza that must be carefully divided because if I get too many slices, you have to eat the box. The economy is expandable and, in any practical sense, limitless. – P. J. O'Rourke, "How to Explain Conservatism" - GNP, GROWTH, REDISTRIBUTIONISM, COLLECTIVISM, FAIR SHARE IN WEALTH, WELFARE STATE, ECONOMY

WEALTH: Community attention is focused on the distribution of wealth. Because we have long enjoyed prosperity, very few men seem concerned about the creation of wealth. We have allowed profit to become a dirty word.” – T. Ralph, Dir., Conzine Riotinto of Australia Limited, in an advertisement in NATIONAL TIMES, 31.3.75. - PROFIT, REDISTRIBUTIONISM, PRODUCTION

WEALTH: Contrary to age-old prejudices, the wealth of the rich is not the cause of the poverty of the poor, but helps to alleviate that poverty. No matter whether it is their intention or not, almost anything that the rich can legally do tends to help the poor.” – Henry Hazlitt, The Conquest of Poverty, p. 227. – RICHES, WEALTH, CAPITAL, INBESTMENTS, SAVINGS, POVERTY,

WEALTH: Every man who is worth thirty millions and is not wedded to them, is dangerous to the government.”– Napoleon I, Maxims, 1804-15. – Alas, we have now numerous millionaires and even billionaires. Most of them are statists and as such no danger to the territorial State. On the contrary, they help to strengthen it in order to get more privileges from it and be it only patent- and copyrights privileges. – By now the financing of rightful revolutions or of a great enlightenment campaign do no longer need a large cash capital. Revolutionaries could, e.g. anticipate, financially, the privatization of all government assets by a bond issue of their own. They could also issue their own revolution tax foundation money for current expenses. (These taxes could be credited as claims against national assets when the liberation has been achieved.) Probably, all freedom writings could by now become fitted onto a single and cheap external HD of one TB (*), which could, once all the texts are digitized and properly compiled on one, together with a search engine, could be endlessly and cheaply duplicated. Millions of freedom lovers, electronically equipped and connected, could make short work of that job. – A wealth of ideas can be even more influential than a wealth of cash or productive capital. - JZ, 18.11.85, 30.8.08. - (*) 1.5 TB from Western Digital, April 11, down to A$89. - JZ, 12.4.11. – By January 14 one could get a Seagate one of 2 TBs for the same price. – JZ, 18.5.14.

WEALTH: Few of us can stand prosperity. Another man’s, I mean.” – Mark Twain, “Pudd’nhead Wilson’s New Calendar”, Following the Equator, 1897, 2-4. - ENVY IS THE GUIDING FORCE OF MOST STATE SOCIALISTS

WEALTH: Freedom for everyone produces wealth for everyone.” – Quoted in “Freedom In Our Time”, ed. by Vincent H. Miller, p. 137. – I would not include freedom for monopolists, coercers, aggressors, criminals, politicians, bureaucrats, obstructionists, meddlers, parasites, etc., i.e. freedom for everyone who lives at the expense of involuntary victims. - JZ, 9.8 08. - FREEDOM

WEALTH: Government does not cause affluence. Citizens of totalitarian countries have plenty of government and nothing of anything else. - P. J. O’Rourke - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. - PROSPERITY, PROPERTY, RICHES, AFFLUENCE, GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, TOTALITARIANISM

WEALTH: Governments consume wealth – they don’t create it; the greater a government, the less wealth there is for people.” - Lang Hancock, in Wake Up Australia, E. J. Dwyer (Australia) Pty. Ltd, Sydney, 1970, 2. - & GOVERNMENT

WEALTH: Governments don’t create wealth and they never will, all they do is take, consume, redistribute and annihilate wealth.” - John Laws, Book of Uncommon Sense, PAN, 1995, p.250. - GOVERNMENTS, TRANSFER SOCIETY OR, RATHER, TERRITORIAL TRANSFER GOVERNMENTS OR “WELFARE STATES”

WEALTH: I am a millionaire, that is my religion.” – Bernard Shaw. – Everyone a millionaire as the final result of his own working and creative efforts. – That is part of my “religion”. – JZ, 29.8.08.

WEALTH: I believe that the able industrial leader who creates wealth and employment is more worthy of historical notice than politicians or soldiers.” – J. Paul Getty. - BUSINESSMEN, CAPITALISTS, ENTREPRENEURS, FINANCIERS, RICH PEOPLE, CAPTAINS OF INDUSTRY, VS. POLITICIANS & SOLDIERS

WEALTH: If a man saves $ 15 a week and invests in common stocks and allows the dividends and rights to accumulate, at the end of twenty years he will have at least $ 80.000. He will have an income from investments of around $ 400 a month. He will be rich. And because income can do that, I am firm in my belief that anyone not only can be rich but ought to be rich.” – John J. Raskob, 1928, quoted in N.Y. Times. – At 15% interest for very productive, confiscation and inflation-proof investments, which are credit-insured, every-one could easily be a millionaire after 40 years of work. The government prevents ordinary working people from becoming millionaires at least in their old age, from their productively invested savings, through a proper old age insurance scheme of their own free choice, quite un-interfered with! - JZ n.d. – In other words, on another day: - If relatively small savings could be and were invested, tax free, confiscation-free, on a stable value basis, as maximum rates of productivity, say, at 15 % p.a., then everybody, after 40 years, could be a multi-millionaire, if one capitalized his income after retirement for the next 20 years. That can be shown with a short table, giving returns from zero interest to 15% interest, for an annual contribution of $ 1500 for 40 years, to get an income for 20 years afterwards. - I reproduced that table made by Ulrich von Beckerath in this collection, under: PENSIONS: “High old age pensions through high interest-bearing productive investments, as soon as they territorial State is put out of the way in this sphere. Consider the effects of high interest on accumulated premiums, for a fixed aimed at old age pension for an initially assumed very moderate old age pension. The figures were supplied to me by Ulrich von Beckerath, long-time insurance and banking mathematician, 1882-1969 and taken from the Foster/Spitzer Tables, to which he had also make a contribution: A simple and assumed case: If a person insured for an old page pension after 40 years of contributions were to collect an old age pension for 20 years, one of $ 3000 p.a., then he would have to pay in savings or premiums according to the interest rate received for his premiums, with the accumulated premiums all productively invested and in our simple case simply omitting the administration costs. He would have to pay annually: (1.) $ 1500 at 0 % interest; - (2.) $ 1107 at 1 %; - (3.) 812 at 2 %; - (4.) $ 592 at 3 % t; - (5.) $ 429 at 4 %; - (6.) $ 309 at 5 %; - (7.) $ 222 at 6 %; - (8.) $ 159 at 7 %, - (9.) $ 114 at 8 %; - (10.) $ 81 at 9 %; - (11.) $ 58 at 10 %; - (12.) $ 41 at 11 %; - (13.) $ 29 at 12 %, - (14.) $ 21 at 13 %; - (15) $ 14 at 14 %; - (16) $ 11 at 15 %. – Now assume, further, that it would be possible to achieve, in the average, a return of 15 % or even higher, and this without bankrupting the debtor but merely as a share in his return on the borrowed capital. What would or could this mean, then? - All this assumes, naturally, that the government would not regulate the interest rate, would not confiscate such capital or subject it to taxes and that it would not be destroyed via inflation or deflation caused by the government’s monetary despotism, also that credits at such a high return rate could be credit insured. – Then we could take it as a very safe assumption, that the insured would not be satisfied with $ 3000 p.a. at their current purchasing power but would wish for more. Well, at that 15 % interest rate, an annual pension for 20 years, at $ 30 000 p.a., not negligible even in Australian dollars, at this stage, would cost him in premiums just $ 110 per annum! Which working person could not afford to pay as much in somewhat developed countries, p.a.? - And if he would really want to splurge money in his old age, he could achieve a tenfold increase of his pension to $ 300 000 p.a., merely by increasing his annual premium payment to $ 1100. (Now he is probably paying more and what will his annual pension be for that, in the government scheme?) The assumed annual pay-out of $ 300 000, for 20 years, capitalized, would already turn him into a multi-millionaire. - A lot of IF’s are involved still. Admitted! - For some more thoughts on the subject see the rest of my notes under PENSIONS. - People aware of such possibilities would no longer tolerate governments that prevent them from becoming multi-millionaires in their old age. – And this is only one of several ways in which ordinary people could become very rich under full freedom – Another one, for Australians, I described in detail in PEACE PLANS 19c. – Productivity has often been increased in properly conducted coops by 15 % p.a., which would also mean a corresponding potential income or capital increase of the cooperators. – without exploiting anyone. – The enemies of what they call “usury”, even if it is merely a fair share in the additional productivity achieved, have not taken such possibilities into consideration. - JZ, 29.8.08. - RICHES, OLD AGE PENSIONS, SAVINGS, INVESTMENTS, INSURANCE, HIGH INTEREST RATES FROM VERY HIGHLY PRODUCTIVE INVESTMENTS – FOR OLD AGE SECURITY, EVEN OLD AGE, INTEREST RATE, USURY

WEALTH: If an exchange between two parties is voluntary, it will not take place unless both believe they will benefit from it. Most economic fallacies derive from the neglect of this simple insight, from the tendency to assume that there is a fixed pie; that one party can gain only at the expense of another. – Milton Friedman – RICHES, PROSPERITY, NATURAL RESOURCES, FIXED PIE NOTION, CAPITALISM, REDISTRIBUTIONISM, VS. VOLUNTARISM, DIVISION OF LABOR, PRODUCTION & FREE EXCHANGE UNLIMITED, FREE DEVELOPMENT

WEALTH: If it were true to say that wealth is composed of land and labour, it would be equally true to say that music consists of catgut and horsehair, or that literature is comprised of paper and ink.” – Sir Ernest Benn, Confessions of a Capitalist, p.58. - LAND, LABOR, CAPITAL, ENTERPRISE, CREATIVITY, PRODUCTIVITY, PROFITS, WEALTH,

WEALTH: If wealth does not bring happiness it allows one to be miserable in comfort.” – Letter to THE TIMES, THE TIMES Quotes of the Week, p.174, January 19, 2002. - HAPPINESS, MISERY & POVERTY

WEALTH: If you want to enjoy wealth you will have to hide it from or effectively guard it against official as well as unofficial robbers. – JZ, 16.2.77. – TAXATION

WEALTH: In a free market, wealth is acquired, not at the expense of a sacrifice by someone, but by serving consumers in the best and cheapest way.” – Workers Party Platform, draft, 1975. - PROFIT, BUSINESS, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY

WEALTH: In a nation without a thriving business community, private wealth is generally stored in vaults, or used in conspicuous consumption, or invested in real estate, or placed with business communities abroad. But when a country’s private business is not subject to Procrustean measures of control, this private wealth is less likely to be shipped abroad, buried, or otherwise diverted into circuits of low economic potential.” – Harold M. Fleming, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 6/79, under “Ideas on Liberty”, headed: “The Conditions for Progress”. – Obviously, he did not mention all conditions for progress, peace, prosperity, freedom and justice. - Much of its wealth is then also merely wasted as jewelry and as decoration for religious meeting places. – Or it is largely wasted in rare metal coins, as if only these could constitute sound means of exchange. Or e.g. in Cowry shells used merely as status symbols instead of as freely and widely circulating exchange media. - JZ, 30.8.08.

WEALTH: In America most rich men began by being poor." - Alexis de Tocqueville, DEMOCRACY IN AMERICA. - & RICHES, USA

WEALTH: In America, as in all free market economies (*), the only (lawful) way for one man to acquire wealth is by contributing to the wealth of other men. That is why in America it has never been the case that the rich got richer while the poor got poorer. (**) Throughout our history, the well-being of the lower class has (in defiance of the laws of Marx) increased.” - William F. Buckley Jr., Rumbles Left and Right, p.39. - (*) So far not a single economy exists or existed in which the market is or was quite free. – But even a degree of freedom can already go a long way. – (**) How could he forget in this respect about slavery and all the legally imposed monopolies, from the Post Office to the Central Banking system and the territorial monopoly? - JZ, 20.9.08. – RICHES, POVERTY, MONOPOLIES, FREE MARKET, POVERTY

WEALTH: In his book “Inequality” Christopher Jencks gives a wealth of statistical evidence that incomes are determined more by individual initiative and competence than by any advantage deriving from one’s family background.” – David Kelley, THE FREEMAN, 1/75. - INITIATIVE, CREATIVITY, FREE ENTERPRISE, FREE EXCHANGE

WEALTH: It is in the interest of the commercial world that wealth should be found everywhere.” – Edmund Burke, Letter to Samuel Span, Esq. – It is obvious that one cannot exchange much with poor people of low productivity. – JZ, 29.8.08. - POVERTY, PROSPERITY

WEALTH: It is morally obscene to regard wealth as an anonymous, tribal product and to talk about 'redistributing' it." - Ayn Rand. – Quoted by Slim Richey sharing Lawrence Reed's photo. – Facebook, 6.4.14. – REDISTRIBUTIONISM, EGALITARIANISM, WELFARE STATES, TAXATION

WEALTH: It is not police protection that makes one rich, the other poor. The differences in personal wealth that arise in any society – barring special privileges granted by government – are due either to accident or to qualities inherent in the individual; industry, thrift, abstinence. But it so happens that those who have and exercise these qualities do not injure others; their very substance indicates that in acquiring it they have benefited their fellowmen. If I become rich by making and selling shoes, it follows that many people have found my shoes desirable, and they have thus profited by my efforts. The wealth of society is in proportion to the productive efforts of the individuals who compose that society, and government has nothing to do with it – beyond the negative function of maintaining order and protecting property. People make wealth; government can only take it.” – Frank Chodorov, The Income Tax, … p.31. – Are territorial governments really maintaining order or creating disorder? Are they protecting property or rather confiscating it on the largest scale and preventing much property from coming into existence or growing fast? –JZ, 30.8.08. – THE MYTH OF LIMITED GOVERNMENTS, LAWS, LAW & ORDER, TERRITORIALISM, TAXATION, PROTECTION, PROPERTY, PRODUCTIVITY, TAXATION IS THE POWER TO DESTROY,

WEALTH: It is not that in the United States, as everywhere, there are no rich; indeed I know no other country where love of money has such a grip on men's hearts or where stronger scorn is expressed for the theory of permanent equality of property. But wealth circulates there with incredible rapidity, and experience shows that two successive generations seldom enjoy its favor." - Alexis de Tocqueville, DEMOCRACY IN AMERICA. - & RICHES, USA

WEALTH: It took just 50 years for little Hong Kong to rival the per-capita income of the US – because its freedom was the greatest in the world.” - Mary Ruwart in speech: “How Any Country Can Become Rich”, as reviewed in: FREEDOM NETWORK NEWS, 12/07, p.16. - HONG KONG & FREEDOM

WEALTH: It will be a shabby world where dependent wealth corrupts irresponsible power, and no doubt the loudest complaints against its inevitable results will come from those who insisted on making all wealth dependent and all power irresponsible.” – Dr. Rhodes Boyson, ed., Goodbye to Nationalization, p.28. – Not only the rich but also the poor are made dependent upon irresponsible power in all territorial States. – JZ, 30.8.08. - CORRUPTION, INTERVENTIONISM, LAWS, POWER, REGULATIONS, MIXED ECONOMIES, STATISM, MONOPOLISM, DEPENDENCY

WEALTH: James Gwartny in his Freedom Index explained that prosperity is dependent on: Free trade and regulation. Trade openness is probably the best single predictor of whether a third-world country is going to have an increase in wealth creation. Countries employing trade protectionism (tariffs, quotas and trade barriers) lost significantly. Countries whose industries focused on what they could trade efficiently prospered. Countries that erected trade barriers experience lower wealth creation and the levels remained low. It can’t be emphasized (*) how important this is as the world becomes smaller and smaller through communication.” - Mary Ruwart in speech: “How Any Country Can Become Rich”, as reviewed in: FREEDOM NETWORK NEWS. 12/07, p.15/16. – Such facts are still not sufficiently communicated. Apart from that, a great difference in enlightenment would occur if Free Traders could freely secede and establish Free Trade between themselves, world-wide, while the remaining Protectionist volunteers could from then on only harm themselves. Free Trade for Free Traders, Protectionism only for Protectionists! The experimental freedom and individual sovereignty and exterritorial autonomy for whole communities of volunteers – the panarchies of panarchism, are required here, too to speed up progress. – (*) too much? enough? – JZ, 10.9.08.

WEALTH: James Gwartny in his Freedom Index explained that prosperity is dependent on: Private property and the rule of law. Peruvian Hernando de Soto noted that 50 to 90% of people in 3rd world countries can’t get clear title to their land property. When the U.S. West was settled, property rights were settled by common law. They drew up deeds among themselves and when government did come it they accepted those deeds as legitimate. In 3rd world countries this hasn’t happened yet, which means the government can seize land and homes at any time. This makes property less valuable and prevents individuals form getting bank loans, etc.” - Mary Ruwart in speech: “How Any Country Can Become Rich”, as reviewed in: FREEDOM NETWORK NEWS. 12/07, p.15. – If individuals and minorities were free to secede, this difficulty would also disappear. - Individual secessionism and exterritorial autonomy associationism are two individual rights to be included in any declaration of all individual rights and liberties – for which, so far, no one has shown any interest to me – for decades! Will you be one of the exceptions? – JZ, 10.9.08.

WEALTH: James Gwartny in his Freedom Index explained that prosperity is dependent on: The size of government and taxation. When government spending is less than 25% wealth creation is very high, but when it exceeds 60% wealth creation drops. When governments cut spending in Ireland, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom, GDP accelerated rapidly. All were hailed as economic ‘miracles’ but of course the outcome was quite predictable. Unfortunately in all three of these countries, once wealth creation rose, the politicians reversed their reforms – once again killing the geese that laid the golden eggs. - .” – Mary Ruwart in speech: “How Any Country Can Become Rich”, as reviewed in: FREEDOM NETWORK NEWS. 12/07, p.15. – Alas, in these States, too, individuals and minorities were not free to secede. When taxpayers are free to do so, taxes will go down or may even disappear altogether. Panarchism! – JZ, 10.9.08. - TAXATION, SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW

WEALTH: Law! What do I care about the law? Ain't I got the power? – Cornelius Vanderbilt – Even the richest man still depends on the market, on freedom of contract, freedom of exchange, willing sellers, willing buyers, voluntary helpers. He would have to bribe politicians and bureaucrats to get somewhat exempted from their powers. And he is just as much endangered by conventional wars, inflation, taxation, despotism and the nuclear war threat as are the poorest people. – One who does not see that is a fool. - JZ, 21.4.13. - RICHES, POWER, LAW, CAPITALISM

WEALTH: Little else is requisite to carry a state to the highest degree of opulence from the lowest barbarism, but peace, easy taxes and a tolerable administration of justice.” – Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations. The abolition of compulsory taxation, compulsory territorial membership, of monetary despotism and the establishment of full monetary and financial freedom, as well as all other economic liberties, especially free trade, the abolition of all legalized monopolies, could achieve even more. – JZ, 3.4.12, 18.1.13. - PROSPERITY, RICHES - PEACE, LOW TAXES, JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION

WEALTH: Man was free to do almost anything today, except to produce wealth.” – Lang Hancock, as reported in GOOD GOVERNMENT, 2/79. - FREEDOM

WEALTH: More than anything else, wealth results from a state of mind and a set of values.” - Walter E. Williams, Do the Right Thing, Hoover Institution Press, 1995, p.175. – And freedom from taxes and governmental legislation. Otherwise most libertarians would already be rich. – JZ, 18.5.14. - STATE OF MIND & VALUES, ENLIGHTENMENT, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIOINISM, PERSONAL LAW OPTIONS, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, TAXES, REGULATIONS, LEGISLATION

WEALTH: Of all forms of popular mis-thinking, probably the most serious is the idea that wealth in private hands is of no use to anybody but the owners. – The facts are that every form of wealth is dedicated to the improvement and advancement of the so-called common man. Capital, with negligible exceptions, is used for the orderly production and distribution of goods, 95 per cent of which are consumed by those who claim to be disinherited.” – William Feather, quoted for June 27th, in The Free Man’s Almanac. – WILLIAM FEATHER MAGAZINE, quoted also in THE INDIAN LIBERTARIAN, 15.10.67. - POVERTY, EXPLOITATION, PROLETARIANS, WORKERS, POOR PEOPLE, RICH PEOPLE, CAPITALISTS

WEALTH: One of the obvious factors in American economy and the American pattern of capitalism is that wealth, when properly managed, generates wealth and more wealth – better transportation and communication, better education, greater ingenuity and genius, better living standards. The endless demand for industrial commodities in the United States came into existence because there was sufficient purchasing power to create not only the demand for such things but the ability to pay for them. (*) In this very process more employment and more purchasing power were generated for whole new segments of the population. Essentially these factors mark the differences between the dynamic industrial and agricultural development under the capitalist system in the United States and the static and limited conditions of European cartel capitalism or the paralyzing effect of the rigid Marxian-Socialist system.” … Louis Bromfield, A New Pattern for a Tired World. - (*) Monetary freedom, clearing and financial freedom were and are only very fractionally realized, there, too. – JZ, 30.8.08. 12.4.11. - CAPITALISM, ECONOMIC FREEDOM,

WEALTH: Our citizens must learn that what keeps them prosperous is production and technological innovation. Their wealth emerges not from government offices or politicians’ edicts, but only from that portion of the marketplace which is free.” – Simon, A Time for Truth, p. 218/19. - One should not forget about the free exchange of one’s production and the monetary pre-conditions for free exchange, including those of free exchange between various “national” economies, as he did – before the above quote. – JZ, 30.8.08. - GOVERNMENT VS. FREE MARKETS, ESPECIALLY MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM,

WEALTH: People around the world want to better their lives, to have more wealth, to live happily, to be better educated, and to live longer and happier lives. Freedom is the way, perhaps the only way, to achieve this. Once these facts are known … Governments will have to step aside and let people become rich.” - Mary Ruwart in speech: “How Any Country Can Become Rich”, as reviewed in: FREEDOM NETWORK NEWS, 12/07, p.16. – Governments are unlikely to step aside. But, allow individuals and minorities to step aside to do their own things for or to themselves and they will rapidly learn from their own mistakes and successes, much faster than any territorial governments ever did. Panarchism In Our Times! – JZ, 10.9.08. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PERSONAL LAW OPTIONS

WEALTH: Plenitude is achieved by the application of human energies to natural resources and to the exchange of the numerous specializations. … Freedom of production and trade – the free market – is the goose that lays the golden eggs and all impediments to this process, to the extent of their force and coverage, are destructive – obstacles to plenitude.” – Leonard E. Read, Who’s Listening? p.50.

WEALTH: Poverty increases and wealth declines proportionately to the growth of territorial governments. – JZ, 5.6.80, 29.8.08. – Apart, naturally, from the influence of science and technology. – JZ, 22.4.09.

WEALTH: Presumably his escalatory behavior will only come to rest when he has acquired all the money in the world.” - Dr. Laurence J. Peter, The Peter Prescription, p.141. - STRIVING FOR EXCESS RICHES INSTEAD OF SIMPLY MAKING A BETTER LIFE FOR ONESELF

WEALTH: Productive labour and exchangeability of services is the real wealth of a nation, not accumulation of gold and silver.” – W.(?) R. B. Lotvala, quoted in THE INDIAN LIBERTARIAN, May 75. (My typo says: “2 R. B. Lotvala. – JZ)

WEALTH: recognize that the creation of wealth in any community benefits every single member of that community.” – Workers Party paper: “Government is a Wealth Hazard”, 1975. – Not, e.g., when the wealth consists out of still more weapons, uniforms and ammunition for soldiers kept out of productive activities, when it supports counter-productive politicians and bureaucrats, when it is also wrongfully used to subsidize unemployment and low productivity. – JZ, 29.8.08. – Not when it is the kind of wealth which slave owners, tax authorities or legalized monopolists extract out of the work of involuntary victims. - JZ, 12.4.11. - SUBSIDIES, WASTE, GOVERNMENT, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, BUREAUCRACY, PUBLIC WORKS,

WEALTH: Riches are chiefly good because they give us time.” – Charles Lamb, Letter to Bernard Barton, Oct. 9, 1822.

WEALTH: Six per cent of the world’s population consumes, they say, 40% of the world’s goods. The same 6% produces more than 50%, far more than it can consume. No other system can make such a statement, even in lands most populous, older and richer than our own. As everybody knows, hedonism requires excess. – Look out, world! The closet capitalists are coming out. You don’t have to love us. We don’t need your love. …” – INK, 11/76. – In spite of all its achievements, partly already recognized by Karl Marx, capitalism is still unpopular. Not because of its inherent flaws but, rather, because of the wrongful legal restrictions still imposed upon it and various legalized monopolies still granted to parts of it. Instead of removing these restrictions and monopolies, people still rather blame “capitalism”, which Ayn Rand, in one of her book titles called: “Capitalism – the Unknown Ideal”. – JZ, 30.8.08. - ANTI-AMERICANISM, ANTI-CAPITALISM, POVERTY, EXPLOITATION?

WEALTH: Smith decided that the proper way for a policeman to provide for “plenty” or “opulence” was to get out of the way of the producer.” – John Chamberlain, THE FREEMAN, 12/78. – On Adam Smith. - The State should also get out of the way of the exchanger and out of the way of those who provide means of exchange, avenues for clearing, sound value standards and credit, insurance and transport options, to mention just a few more examples. – JZ, 29.8.08. – GOVERNMENT, POLICE POWER, INTERVENTIONISM, RESTRICTIONISM, REGULATIONS, TAXATION, MONOPOLIES, PROTECTIONISM, MONETARY DESPOTISM, CENTRAL BANKING, FORCED & EXCLUSIVE CURRENCIES, LAISSEZ FAIRE, FREE ENTERPRISE, FREE EXCHANGE, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM

WEALTH: So if wealth is not a worldwide round-robin of purse snatching, and if the thing that makes you rich doesn’t make me poor, why should we care about fairness at all? We shouldn’t.” - P. J. O’Rourke, Eat the Rich, A Treatise on Economics, Picador, 1998, p.241. - POVERTY & FAIRNESS, ENVY, EGALITARIANISM,

WEALTH: Some believe national wealth depends on natural resources because we just happen to be rich and simultaneously blessed with bountiful natural resources. South America and Africa are also blessed with bountiful natural resources but are home to the world’s most miserably poor people. In contrast, Great Britain, Hong Kong, Japan, Switzerland, and Taiwan are resource-poor but home to the world’s most affluent people.” - Walter E. Williams, Do the Right Thing, Hoover Institution Press, 1995, p.175. – POVERTY, FREEDOM & NATURAL RESOURCES,

WEALTH: Some will argue that the Third World people are poor as a result of colonialism. Hogwash! The United States was a colony and so were Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. Hong Kong is still a colony. (*) On the other hand, Ethiopia, Liberia, Nepal, and Tibet (**) were never colonies but are home to the poorest of the world’s poor.” - Walter E. Williams, Do the Right Thing, Hoover Institution Press, 1995, p.175. - (*) This article, “Wealth and Poverty”, was published September 2, 1992. - (**) Tibet has for decades been a colony of Red China. Some of the other countries have their internal “colonialist” masters. – JZ - POVERTY & COLONIALISM,

WEALTH: Surplus wealth is a sacred trust, which its possessor is bound to administer in his lifetime for the good of the community. – Andrew Carnegie, 1835-1919, The Gospel of Wealth. - Is there such a thing as “surplus” wealth while numerous profitable investments are still possible? – The good of the community is best promoted through profitable productive investments, not through investments in legalized monopolies. - JZ, 15.4.14.

WEALTH: Surplus wealth is a sacred trust which its possessor is bound to administer in his lifetime for the good of the community.” – Andrew Carnegie, The Gospel of Wealth.

WEALTH: That track leads to precipices; life on that giddy level ends in a fall. Once, moreover, prosperity begins to carry us off course, we are no more capable even of bringing the ship to a standstill than of going down with the consolation that she has been held on her course, …” - Seneca, Letters, VIII, p.45. - LUXURY, GOOD LIVING, LIVING WITHIN MODERATE MEANS

WEALTH: The affluence that accompanies freedom is not a requirement, but a very pleasant side effect. Given freedom, wealth follows; take freedom away, and there will be wealth only for masters.” - Jerry Pournelle and Jim Baen in introduction to Vernor Vinge, The Ungoverned, p.10 of FAR FRONTIERS, Vol. III, Fall 1985. - AFFLUENCE & FREEDOM

WEALTH: the common pursuit of wealth through production has become perverted into a degrading battle for power to acquire the wealth which others have produced.” – E. B. Donehue, in GOOD GOVERNMENT, 4/76.

WEALTH: The control of the production of wealth is the control of human life itself.” – Hilaire Belloc

WEALTH: The creators of wealth are shackled by controls, rules, regulations, tribunals, boards, commissions and enquiries. They are abused, mocked and insulted by politicians who would have us believe that we should be ‘protected’ against the wealth creators.” – Workers Party paper: “Government is a Wealth Hazard”, 1975. – Here not even exploitation through taxation is mentioned and that governments artificially produce and multiply poverty, while pretending to alleviate or abolish it in their “wars against poverty”. – JZ, 30.8.08. - We need protection mainly against territorial governments, as the main wealth destroyers and wealth preventers. - JZ, 12.4.11.

WEALTH: The fact of business is there are only a few wealthy or well-off people who are where they are because of inheritance or pure luck. Most high-income people achieve that status through hard work, sacrifice, and risk taking. In fact, if you survey Fortune 500’s periodic listing of America’s wealthiest men, it’s not old money like the Vanderbilts, Rockefellers, and Morgans. It’s mostly first generation rich people, like the Fred Smiths’s, Bill Gates, and the late Sam Walton. For the most part, they are people who had modest starts but a vision of how to please their fellow man.” - Walter E. Williams, More Liberty Means Less Government. Our Founders Knew This Well, Hoover Institution Press, 1999, – p.252. - Rich people serve the poor people and were rewarded by them for doing this. This applies not only to great writers, actors, singers, dancers and sportsmen. - Naturally, neither of them should be granted legal monopolies. - JZ, 12.4.11. - & BUSINESSMEN, FINANCIER, MANUFACTURERS

WEALTH: The funds that ought to be saved and invested in new, productive machinery and equipment and in research and exploration and scientific development to increase our wealth and enhance our national well-being, are being used by governments to feed the voracious appetite for power or burgeoning bureaucracies whose principal function is to control, to regulate, to inhibit and ultimately to strangle the innovative impulses and creative energies of the people.” – Morris Shumiatcher, THE FREEMAN, 8/75. - TAXATION, BUREAUCRACY, REGULATIONS

WEALTH: The Gospel of Wealth advocates leaving free the operation of laws of accumulation.” – Andrew Carnegie, The Gospel of Wealth; Advantages of Poverty. – Most of the accumulated wealth is productively invested for the benefit of everyone - unless the government prevents this, as it does, obviously, e.g. through taxation. - JZ, 12.4.11. LAISSEZ-FAIRE ECONOMICS, SAVINGS, INVESTMENTS, FREE MARKETS, FREE TRADE, FREE ENTERPRISE

WEALTH: The governments do not produce wealth; they simply take from those who do.” – A. Schubert, Kimba, S.A., in GOOD GOVERNMENT, 12/74.

WEALTH: The ideal social state is not that in which each gets an equal amount of wealth but in which each gets in proportion to his contribution to the general stock.” – Henry George, Social Problems, Ch.6. – EQUALITY, EGALITARIANISM, REDISTRIBUTIONISM

WEALTH: The only means to acquire wealth and to preserve it, in a market economy not adulterated by government-made privileges and restrictions”, argues Mises, “is to serve the consumers in the best and cheapest way.” Far from wealth of one implying the poverty of others, the reverse is true; one can only acquire wealth by serving others. As soon as an entrepreneur ceases to serve the consumers, they will take their business elsewhere.” – Dave Osterfield, THE FREEMAN, 4/75. –FREE MARKETS, FREE ENTERPRISES, FREE BUSINESSES, POVERTY, COMPETITIION, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY

WEALTH: The possession of gold has ruined fewer men than the lack of it. (*) What noble enterprises have been checked and what fine souls have been blighted in the gloom of poverty the world will never know.” – Thomas Bailey Aldrich, “Leaves from a Notebook”, “Ponkapok Papers”, 1903. - (*) But the belief that the possession of gold is required to issue sound exchange media, whose value is expressed in gold weight units, has ruined many and retarded free economic development, based on the competitive supply of sound exchange media - for many centuries. Sound exchange media can be multiplied without depreciating them, just like yards of cloths and pounds of meat can be multiplied without depreciating the length of the yard or the weight of the pound or the use value or even the market value of either. Mass produced cloth and meat can become cheaper in their retail prices without depreciating sound value standard measures. Or, at the same prices, they can clothe and feed more people. Their production and exchange should not be stopped because there are not sufficient gold stocks to back every exchange medium needed to purchase them. Only the measuring of these goods and of exchange media in gold weight units (or other optional value standard units) would be necessary. Not a single additional gold coins would have to be minted or moved. Just like there are enough yard sticks and pound weights to turn over ten times as many goods. As long as the free market rate for exchange media keeps them at par with their nominal value, their issue is sound. The first discount restrains both issuers and potential acceptors, until that discount has disappeared. No one is obliged to accept exchange media standing at a discount – except the issuer, who must always accept his own IOUs at par for the goods and services he offers, priced out on gold weight units. Otherwise a wide-spread refusals to accept exchange media with a discount against their nominal gold weight value would rapidly result. People prefer money that stands at par with its value standard. Good monies drive out bad monies under free market rating for them, competitive issues and voluntary acceptance for them. A considerable discount or disagio would make it difficult to impossible for the issuer of such exchange media to engage successfully in new issues of their own exchange media, at least for a considerable time. Their brand of money would be branded thereby, at least temporarily. Voluntary exchange and free pricing work for exchange media and value standards, too. – Over 100 years later all too many people still suffer from the belief that gold has to back, cover and redeem every form of paper money to make that paper money sound and stable enough. Admittedly, the forced and exclusive paper monies of governments have set bad examples. But enterprises were not free to set good examples of free note-issuing banks, not subject to governmental laws, regulations and controls but only to the natural laws for exchange media (essentially clearing facilitators) and value standards. - JZ, 30.8.08, 12.4.11.

WEALTH: The practice of free market principles leads to wealth – material affluence. Wealth frees people form the slavery which abject poverty imposes; it makes possible the discovery of one’s unique capabilities, if used to escape or to retire from life, wealth leads to decadence. But if used to pursue one’s uniqueness, it leads to growth of the faculties: emergence.” – Leonard E. Read, Meditations on Freedom, p.20.


WEALTH: the superhuman effort that a British resident must make against taxation and socialist restrictions in order to amass anything like a fortune. – Wilbur Smith, Wild Justice, Pan Books, 1980, p.123. - ENGLISH LIBERTY, STATE SOCIALISM, WELFARE STATE, TAXATION

WEALTH: The ultimate measure of wealth is the number of choices we have." - Ken Schoolland – Quoted by Adewale R. Bankole – Facebook, 5.7.12. - John Zube: Our exterritorial autonomy and individual secession options are still severely restricted. - RICHES, CHOICE, PROSPERITY, FREEDOM

WEALTH: the way in which the millionaire toils on, at the cost of his health, long after he has served all material needs!” – S. Hutchinson Harris, The Doctrine of Personal Right, p. 33. – This habit seems to indicate an addiction to wealth, comparable to a drug addiction or addiction to betting and gambling. – JZ, 30.8.08.

WEALTH: The wealth of nations? Nations are neither rich nor poor. Only individuals are or can be. Nations are fictions – unless they are associations of volunteers only. – JZ, 24.9.95, 30.8.08. - Territorial nations are artificial and misleading images or mere concepts, based upon flawed observations, ideas and opinions and coercively and monopolistically upheld for whole territories and their populations. If a nation consisted e.g of 10 million millionaires and 45 million who at last never go hungry and 45 million poor people, who, sometimes, do, would it then make sense to say that it is a rich nation or a poor nation? - JZ, 12.4.11. - RICHES, POVERTY, NATIONS

WEALTH: The wealthy are in fact the laboratory out of which comes the knowledge that in time provides the progress of all.” – Sir Ernest Benn, The Profit Motive, Appendix II.

WEALTH: Their basic error is to believe that it is the state that creates wealth, which is then distributed (or redistributed) to individuals. Of course, the Left do not actually say this quite so crudely nowadays, but they still assume it. And the truth about the economic process is precisely the opposite, because it is individuals who create wealth. They do this by employing their effort, skill and capital in the manner Adam Smith so well described some two centuries ago, and so they generateThe Wealth of Nations’.” - Margaret Thatcher, Statecraft, 2002, HarperCollins, p.423. - INDIVIDUALS & THE STATE, PROPERTY RIGHTS & FREE EXCHANGE VS. TAXATION & CENTRALIZED DISTRIBUTIONISM & WELFARE STATES,

WEALTH: There are two methods, or means, and only two, whereby man's needs and desires can be satisfied. One is the production and exchange of wealth; this is the economic means. The other is the uncompensated appropriation of wealth produced by others; this is the political means. - Albert Jay Nock - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. - PRIVATE & POLITICAL MEANS

WEALTH: There is in the market economy no other means of acquiring and preserving wealth than by supplying the masses in the best and cheapest way with all the goods they ask for.” – Ludwig von Mises, Human Action, p.619. – Quoted in “The Free Man’s Almanac”.

WEALTH: There is no one "national wealth pie" for the bureaucrats to cut up and distribute according to their whims. There is only the wealth produced through labor by a large number of individuals. Those who are constantly judging the progress of the nation by the annual "Gross National Product" often forget, in their constant concern with aggregates, that the production of wealth is the work of individuals. Some individuals produce much and some little; and some nothing at all, being parasitical on others; but all these diverse achievements are lumped together as if matters of individual achievement and initiative did not count." - John Hospers - GNP, INDIVIDUALISM, INEQUALITY

WEALTH: True, at any given moment, there is only so much wealth to go around. But wealth is based on productivity. Without productivity, there wouldn’t be any economics, or any economic thinking, good or bad, or any pizza, or anything else. We would sit around and stare at rocks, and maybe later have some for dinner.” - P. J. O’Rourke, Eat the Rich, A Treatise on Economics, Picador, 1998, p.241. & PRODUCTIVITY

WEALTH: vast wealth does not produce happiness, … excessive accumulation of material goods imposes unwanted responsibility, … why does man still escalate (*)?” - Dr. Laurence J. Peter, The Peter Prescription, 18/19. – (*) "it"? - Naturally, these accumulators have also the satisfaction that they do productively employ more and more people. But should that be their only purpose in life? – JZ, 22.4.09. - ACCUMULATION OF RICHES, WITHOUT STOPPING

WEALTH: We all agree that he is a good member of society who works his way up from poverty to wealth, but as soon as he has worked his way up we begin to regard him with suspicion, as a dangerous member of society. A newspaper starts the silly fallacy that “the rich are rich because the poor are industrious”, and it is copied from one end of the country to the other as if it were a brilliant apothegm. “Capital” is denounced by writers and speakers who have never taken the trouble to find out what capital is, and who use the word in two or three different senses in as many pages.” – W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p.40. – In fact, wealth, productively employed, is more productive than labor is without tools and machines, regardless of how hard and long it works, and, nevertheless, productive capital, or its owners, earns less from the total earnings of an enterprise than labor does. This trend has being going on for over a century and is still not widely recognized. – The newspapers are, rather, filled with sports reports, fashion shows etc. – JZ, 30.8.08. - ANTI-CAPITALIST MENTALITY, CAPITAL, PREJUDICES, POVERTY,

WEALTH: We did not have any of these material advantages in America in 1776, nevertheless, the founders of our country readily risked their lives, fortunes and sacred honor for the legal establishment of what they knew was a sound principle of eternal truth. – The material things, the bathtubs, automobiles, the Standard of Living – these things are the consequences of the American System. They are conclusive evidence to show the workability and serviceability of the basic American principle, which is the source and the cause of our comparative comfort and prosperity. That basic causative American Principle is the important consideration in the great debate and the principle is this: “An uncompromising and uncompromised demand for the freedom and independence of the individual man. If the man is free and independent the material things will accrue to him and flow into his society as a matter of course.” - That was the thesis of the Founding Fathers.” … - Clarence Manion, The Key to Peace, p.69. – They will not simply "accrue" to him and "flow" into his society but then he can earn them by physical and mental efforts. Alas, even the Founding Fathers, in their Constitution and their Bill or Rights and Amendments to it, did not yet recognize all individual rights and liberties. Nor are they generally known and appreciated even today! - JZ, 12.4.11. - AMERICANISM, FREEDOM & INDEPENDENCE OF INDIVIDUALS, MATERIALISM, PROSPERITY, STANDARD OF LIVING, HUMAN RIGHTS, IDEAS,

WEALTH: We shall never solve the paradox of want in the midst of plenty by doing away with plenty.” – Ogden Mills, Speech, New York, 21 March, 1934. - Those who have plenty cannot easily sell their surplus production and service capacity to those who are unemployed and not supplied with exchange media - in the absence of a sufficient supply of exchange media or clearing certificates, which happens frequently under central banking, with its money issue monopolism. However, if the providers of goods and services are free to themselves monetize some of their ready for sale offers then, with that money, they can, indirectly, buy the additional productive labor of the presently unemployed or under-employed, potentially in very large numbers, in all countries with large stocks of ready for sale consumer goods and service capacity, via short term loans, made with their shop foundation money, used in the payment of this additional labor, achieve extra sales to these thus productively employed and paid workers and then, finally, and within a few weeks to a few months at most, get their short-term loans repaid out of the sales proceeds of the additional and sold production and services, which could also become monetized, to assure their sales. The exchange of goods, services and labor for other goods, services and labor could then take place easily, without too much friction, via additional exchange media or clearing transactions, competitively provided, always using sound value standards and free pricing for goods, services and labor. All these issues or account credits, would have a corresponding cover and reflux, a redemption in the wanted consumer goods and services, that were freely monetized. These alternative exchange media or clearing certificates or account credits would not stay permanently in circulation but return fast to the issuers, in exchange for the wanted goods or services, to be there and then destroyed or cancelled, like used tickets to performances and replaced by new issues, to the extent that they are required. Thus shop foundation monies or ticket monies are not unsuitable terms for them. - They would, rather, oscillate than permanently circulate. - JZ, 12.4.11. – TAXATION, MONETARY DESPOTISM OF CENTRAL BANKING, FREE BANKING, MONETARY FREEDOM, UNEMPLOYMENT, SHOP CURRENCIES

WEALTH: We were the wealthiest nation ever because we were the freest nation. Of course, today, we are not the freest nation and were not the richest nation anymore."  - Ron Paul, quoted on Facebook, 3.3.12, by Sid Non-Vicious LeRoux – free-est? – JZ - & FREEDOM

WEALTH: Wealth comes from successful individual efforts to please one's fellow man … that's what competition is all about: "outpleasing" your competitors to win over the consumers. – Walter Williams – Quoted by Afrikanus Kofi Akosah – Facebook, 3.12.12. – RICHES, PROSPERITY, COMPETITION AGAINST OTHER SUPPLIERS TRYING TO SERVE CUSTOMERS, SERVING THE SOVEREIGN CONSUMERS, FREE ENTERPRISE, PLEASING VOLUNTARY CUSTOMERS

WEALTH: Wealth consists in an abundance of commodities.” – Bastiat, quoted by G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.219. – To visualize that existing wealth, in the already somewhat developed countries, just walk through any large shopping centre. And remember that these riches are frequently sold, bit by bit and rapidly replaced. They can also serve to soundly cover and redeem stable value goods- and service warrants, in monetary denominations, with which wages and salaries for productive labors can be paid. The goods and services offered ready for sale in the shops are the main and real current working capital in any country, being continuously turned over and permitting continuous further production, with the use of the more lasting capital in form of machines, buildings, roads etc. No gold redemption is needed for shop currency redeemable in such goods and services. But they and such notes can also be priced out in gold weight units under free choice of value standards – after all too many decades of imposed value standards, especially those of legal tender laws. Such private money issues could be expanded to the extent that people still need or want such goods and services, without such money depreciating, as long as it uses a sound value standard and the goods and services are also priced out in this standard. Only the issuers would be legally and juridically obliged to accept their private currencies always at par with their nominal value. That and the right of potential acceptors to discount them or to refuse them altogether, would keep the issuers from over-issuing. All their potential acceptors would accept no more of such currencies than they would expect to be able to use soon. They would not get them free: the employers just as short-term loans, their employers as earned wages and salaries. They could or would not be over-issued and excessively accepted by potential acceptors, just like they do not buy any more telephone credits on cards, or postage stamps or railway tickets than they do need. These money issues would have to be earned like the present monopoly money. Thus the quantity of such sound exchange media would be self-regulating and self-limiting – just like the issue of sound shares, sound mortgages and sound industrial bonds – or sound tickets to performances. – Such ticket-money or purchasing vouchers (goods warrants) could also be time-limited. They are only meant to be turn-over credit tokens or clearing certificates by their vary nature. But they could be used to purchase capital certificates and to redeem capital certificate when they are due, or to pay interest on them. – Such turnover-credit money is essential to achieve and assure sales, savings, sound investments, full employment and further capital growth. Without easy sales and easy wage payment options further development and employment slows down or comes to a stop, and the fixed production capital becomes partly useless for the time being. Without a sufficient supply of sound exchange media the economy might even go in reverse for a while. – Easy and cheap money tokens can still be quite sound money tokens and under full monetary freedom will be, contrary to the predictions and expectations of most of the gold bugs, who do not sufficiently distinguish between value standards and value carriers. – Swedish people once called banknotes aptly “transport tickets”. The gold bugs seem to think that transport facilities with all their exchange options are valuable only when they are redeemable in gold, instead of providing transport services, reckoned and priced in gold weight values, and paid for in any suitable and acceptable means of exchange, e.g. in railway money or bus money, also expressed in gold weight units but not promising any gold, but just wanted services worth so and so much in gold weight value units. – With wanted goods and services thus turned by their owners into purchasing power or clearing certificates, economic development can advance very fast and can utilize any available productive labor and other productive potential, if necessary in three shifts a day. - Most of what we consume has been produced during the last 12 months. While we cannot double our food intake, if we are already well fed, we can multiply our consumption of other consumer goods and services, almost without limits. - We can also multiply these goods and services almost without limits through free and willing labor, quite productively employed. - JZ, 29.8.08, 12.4.11.

WEALTH: Wealth increases where ideas are free.” – Robert Anton Wilson, The Earth Will Shake, p.277. – Provided enough of the right and fully developed ideas-seeds are planted, watered and nursed and that they are not suffocated by weeds. – JZ, 8.6.92. - Freedom of expression and information for ideas mean much but are not enough. They must be accompanied by freedom of action and experimentation for volunteers! – JZ, 26.8.08, - PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, IDEAS ARCHIVE, FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION & INFORMATION, FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT, PROSPERITY, DEVELOPMENT, TURNOVER CREDIT

WEALTH: Wealth is a means to rid self of mundane chores in order that one may be freed for creative activity.” – Leonard E. Read, The Path of Duty, p.27. – Alas, most rich people, just like most poor people, do not engage in enough thoughtful and creative activities in their spare time, either. Much progress is due to the few who do. – JZ, 30.8.08, 13.4.11.

WEALTH: wealth is a tool of freedom. But the pursuit of wealth is the way to slavery.” - Frank Herbert, God Emperor of Dune, p.255. – I liked what I read about David Ricardo. He speculated successfully on the stock exchange and then retired from this money-making job to dedicate the rest of his life to economic studies – when the was 25! – Most of us have to slug on much longer until we can retire to do what we like to do. I retired early, at 55, at a reduced pension. – That gave me a “paid” holiday of over 20 years since then. – Not in luxury, but with enough for my personal needs. - JZ, 22.4.09. - FREEDOM & THE PURSUIT OF WEALTH FOR THE SAKE OF WEALTH, LEISURE, DOING WHAT ONE LIKES TO DO

WEALTH: Wealth is created when we use existing resources in new ways. Since such creativity is virtually limitless, wealth is too.” - Dr. Mary J. Ruwart, Healing Our World, chapter 2, Wealth is Unlimited. - RICHES, RESOURCES

WEALTH: Wealth is good when a lot of people have it. It’s good when a few people have it.” – P. J. O’Rourke, Eat the Rich, A Treatise on Economics, Picador, 1998, p.243. – All should be free to acquire it, if they really want to. No one should be coercively or legally prevented from acquiring and accumulating wealth by his own efforts and use of intelligence, without depriving anybody of their wealth. – There are many more possible roads to riches for all people than most people can or bother to imagine. – For the somewhat developed countries: Just imagine that you would be freed of all taxes and would get your share of the real capital that governments hold in your name. Imagine also the proper and safe investments of all your old age insurance contributions in very productive enterprises. In this way almost everybody could become a millionaire at least in his old age. – Imagine the riches that could be earned through the establishment and proper use of an ideas archive and a talent center. – So far we have not even established a libertarian ideas archive and talent center and then we are surprised when our progress is so slow! - JZ, 22.4.09. - WEALTH IS GOOD, RIGHTFUL OPPORTUNITIES TO ACQUIRE IT ARE ALSO GOOD & SEVERAL OF THEM REMAIN STILL UNUSED.

WEALTH: Wealth is in reality as indispensable to mankind for purposes of growth as water to the soil. It is not the fault of the water if its natural circulation is interfered with, if certain portions of the land are drowned while others are left completely dry. Wealth in all countries of the ancient world was artificially confined to a certain class. More than half the area of the Greek and Roman world was shut off by slavery from the fertilizing stream. This single fact is sufficient to explain how that old civilization, in some respects so splendid, was yet too one-sided and incomplete.” – Winwood Reade, The Martyrdom of Man, p.25. - Interference with exchange media, clearing facilities and value standards is just as harmful and wrong as interference with the transfer of capital, e.g. via credit, gifts or inheritance and with the self-ownership of man. – JZ, 29.8.08. - SLAVERY, TAXATION, NATIONALIZATION

WEALTH: wealth is increased through the elimination of less productive jobs and the creating of new, more productive ones. - Paul Zane Pilzer, Unlimited Wealth, updated edition, Crown Publishers, New York, 1994, p.100. – For instance, automatic or robot welders are already widely used in car production. It’s only a matter of time until they are also used e.g. in pipeline welding. – JZ, 23.8.09. – They are, according to my eldest grandson. – JZ, 18.5.14.

WEALTH: Wealth is much easier to prevent from coming into existence, or merely shared or confiscated and wasted than made, rightfully, by competitively satisfying voluntary customers. – JZ, 8.11.08, 13.4.11.

WEALTH: Wealth is no crime and poverty no virtue. Many who champion the cause of the poor live more like those they attack than those they defend.” – Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought, p.118. – At least the first sentence is also contained in his “Treasury of Thought”, p.148. - POVERTY, PROLETARIANS, RICH PEOPLE

WEALTH: Wealth is no defence against aggressive and legalized distributive socialists. It’s rather a target, for them, just like it is for private criminals. At least against the latter some private defence is possible. Here, too, one cannot rely on our public “protectors”. – Naturally, those who got their wealth largely through legalized monopolies, fraud or coercion, have given all wealth a bad reputation among those who cannot distinguish between earned and unearned wealth. - JZ, 4.11.82, 30.8.08.

WEALTH: wealth is only slightly static, … the greater part of wealth, if there is to be any considerable amount of it, must be a constantly, freshly created thing, day in and day out, year in and year out, ad infinitum.” – Leonard E. Read, The Romance of Reality, p. 78. - Most of what we consume has been produced during the last 12 months or in even lesser periods. - JZ, 12.4.11.

WEALTH: Wealth is the product of man’s capacity to think.” – Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.387.

WEALTH: Wealth, in a free market, is achieved by a free, general, “democratic” vote—by the sales and the purchases of every individual who takes part in the economic life of the country. Whenever you buy one product rather than another, you are voting for the success of some manufacturer. And, in this type of voting, every man votes only on those matters which he is qualified to judge: on his own preferences, interests, and needs. No one has the power to decide for others or to substitute his judgment for theirs; no one has the power to appoint himself “the voice of the public” and to leave the public voiceless and disfranchised. - Ayn Rand - Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal – Quoted by Nizam Ahmad : an economy free of government. – However, political power and government-granted privileges to private companies, e.g. “protectionism”, copyrights laws and patents, can also make some people wrongfully wealthy. – JZ, 6.4.14. – CAPITALISM, RICHES, PROSPERITY, DEVELOPMENT

WEALTH: When freedom prevails, the ingenuity and inventiveness of people creates incredible wealth. This is the source of the natural improvement of the human condition.” - Brian S. Wesbury - & FREEDOM

WEALTH: When people are wealthy they cannot be easily restricted by laws.” – Richelieu in his testament.

WEALTH: You can destroy wealth and get a measure of equality in poverty, but no progress is to be made that way.” – Sir Ernest Benn, The Profit Motive, p.176. – POVERTY, EQUALITY, PROGRESS, REDISTRIBUTION, EGALITARIANISM

WEALTH: You have sacrificed wealth to need.” - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.936.



[Home] [Top]