John Zube


Quotes, Notes, Comments & Slogans
for Individual Liberty & Rights
against Popular Statist Errors & Prejudices

Index - C1




CABINET: Cabinet, n. The principal persons charged with the mismanagement of a government, the charge being commonly well founded." - Ambrose Bierce. - GOVERNMENT, MINISTERS, POLITICIANS, STATE.

CAESAR: Nothing belongs to Caesar - but his own miserable body and mind. All his property is subject to indemnification claims. - JZ, 10/73. - And his remaining labour power is subject to it, too. - JZ, 21.4.94.

CAESAR: Render nothing unto Caesar, nothing but the naked sword." - Dagobert Runes, Handbook of Reason, p.24. -  Tyrannicide. - While Caesar ruled in Spain, he had learned to reduced burdensome taxes - in order to increase his total tax revenue. 2,000 years later most politicians are still not aware of this option and political "science" and political economy are largely silent about it. - JZ – REDUCTION OF TAXES TO INCREASE REVENUES, TAXATION

CAKE: You can't have a cake and eat it." - Popular proverb. But you can renounce property rights and do both: not produce a cake yourself and confiscate and eat the cakes of others. - JZ, 29.7.84, 21.4.94. - Politicians SAY they do not own us, yet they eat up our earnings and try to run our lives. - JZ, 21.4.94.

CALMNESS: Calmness is not always the attribute of innocence." - Byron. -  Calmness may indicate reasonable self-control but it need not. The most vicious criminal may appear quite calm while committing his crime, treating you with no more agitation than he would a fly that he squashes. – JZ, 21.4.94.

CALMNESS: Don’t think there are no crocodiles because the water is calm.” – Malayan proverb. - If radioactive & other pollution would be visible and hurt immediately, significantly, we would consider them much less passively. - JZ, 23. 11. 06. CALM BEFORE THE STORM, HIDDEN DANGERS. UNSEEN RISKS & DANGERS, WHAT IS SEEN & WHAT IS NOT SEEN:

CALMNESS: He (Henry Cabot Lodge) could enrage his antagonists by making them feel their own impotence to enrage him." - Anon.

CAMPAIGN PROMISES: Throughout American history, unfulfilled campaign promises have provided an inexhaustible source for political humor. Upon closer examination, however, there is little humor in broken campaign promises; on the contrary, they make a joke out of democracy and the vote." - Sy Leon, None of the Above, p.157. - Since both, democracy and the vote, in their present forms, are largely a joke, that is probably no worse than both of them deserve. - JZ, 21.4.94. – PROMISES, POLITICIANS, DEMOCRACY, VOTING

CAMPAIGNING: Campaigns are not a place for discussion political issues in depth; they are a place for slogans." - N.Y. Governor Mario Ciomo (?) - Thus they may be suitable for an in-depth launching of slogans for liberty. – But so far they were mainly used to launch false and misleading slogans, appealing to popular prejudices, errors and myths. - JZ, 21.4.94, 13.11.08. – And these have not jet encountered an encyclopedia of the best refutations. – JZ, 6.11.10.

CAN DO: A man has not everything to do, but something; and because he cannot do EVERYTHING, it is not necessary that he should do SOMETHING wrong." - H. D. Thoreau. – He should do at least something quite right, as far as it is possible for an individual to do this. – JZ, 6.11.10, 28.1.13.

CAN DO: Can do means to will it SO much that you can!” – “Können, das heisst SO wollen, dass du kannst!” - Multatuli, Ideen, S. 249. – WILL, DETERMINATION, PERSISTENCE, RESOLUTION

CAN DO: I ought, therefore I can." - Immanuel Kant. - DUTY, OUGHT

CAN DO: The only ones who can do anything constructively are individuals and voluntary associations of individuals. - JZ, 8.12.76. – Provided they are free to act on their insights. – JZ, 13.11.08. - STATE, STATISM, BUREAUCRACY, GOVERNMENT, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

CAN DO: They can do all because they think they can." - Vergil, Aeneid, 30 - 19 BC, 5.231, tr. T. H. Delabere-May. - I would replace "all" with "much". - JZ

CAN: Henry Ford said that the man who says he can't, can't. The man who says that he can, CAN!" - Ronald Watson, LIBERTARIAN OPTIMISM, 7/78. – And if he is a habitual liar, like most politicians are, can we then trust his promise that he can solve a problem? – JZ, 13.11.08.

CAN’T BE DONE: People who say it cannot be done should not interrupt those who are doing it.” – Jack Canfield and Mark Vicor Hansen [1993], 149. Quoted as motto to part 6 in: Geoff Davies, Economia. New economic systems to empower people and support the living world, ABC Books, Sydney, 2004. Always assuming that they are already free to do so or do it anyhow, in a revolutionary way, also protecting their free alternative actions and associations in a revolutionary way. – Territorial States are, obviously, unable to end involuntary mass unemployment, inflations and deflations, wars and the remaining obvious territorial despotisms – and yet they prevent private associations of volunteers from tackling these jobs under full exterritorial autonomy. – 6.11.10. - PANARCHISM, MILITIA, DEFENCE, SECESSIONISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM FOR ALL, IN ALL SPHERES.

CANBERRA: 200 sq km, surrounded by reality." - Quoted by Ron Manners, 1994. - CAPITALS

CANBERRA: Canberra is not only getting middle-aged. It was always impotent. - JZ, 9.8.78. - At least when it comes to doing something creative. Engaging in obstruction and destruction, plunder and wrongful policies, production of avalanches of wrongful and harmful laws, is quite another matter. Politicians, bureaucrats, diplomats and lawyers are always were creative in this respect. - JZ, 29.9.02.

CANBERRA: Canberra, the nation's main parasite. - JZ, 5.9.81, 29.9.02. – Is it a nation or a people or a compulsory conglomerate of hundreds of diverse “nations” and peoples? – JZ, 20.7.13. – AUSTRALIA, TERRITORIALISM, NATIONALISM, STATISM, FEDERALISM

CANBERRA: Sell Canberra. Who needs it?" - Malcolm T. Elliott, PIX/PEOPLE, 18/9/75. -

CANBERRA: Turn Canberra (Washington, etc.) into a ghost town! - JZ, 10/77. - CAPITALS, GOVERNMENT, FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

CANCER: Brad Spangler via Patrick Trewitt, Facebook, 15.5.12. - Pot Shrinks Tumors; Government Knew in '74 | - In 1974 researchers learned that THC, the active chemical in marijuana, shrank or destroyed brain tumors in test mice. But the DEA quickly shut down the study and destroyed its results, which were never replicated -- until now. - Steve Trinward another 2 or 3 of these stories and I go back to smoking ganja regularly - I'm already convinced my college days are part of why I'm still healthy at 62. – Geo. McCalip There was also a study at that time by a university in Virginia that showed that smoking marijuana reduced lung cancer tumors. They shut that one down, too. I understand those results were recently duplicated in a study at Harvard. - It's time for our federal government to grow up, admit that cannabis has medical value and reschedule (or better yet legalize) it. - & CANNABIS, POT, MARIJUANA

CANCER: Hint by Susie Burton – Lifting the Veil – with Cari-Lee presents a thorough list of cancer cures and preventers. - Facebook, 27.11.12. – - PREVENTION & CURES: LIFTING THE VEIL – CANCER CUYRES & PREVENTERS

CANCER: I sure hope 1) this is real, and 2) this doesn't become accessible only to the very wealthy. - Paul B. Hartzog – Facebook, 5.8.12. -  Researchers discover gene that permanently stops cancer cell proliferation - - Researchers at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have discovered a mutant form

CANCER: Is Soursop Fruit Kills Cancer 10,000 Times Better Than Chemotherapy? -   - Over a quarter of a century ago a study was performed on the seeds of the Soursop fruit, also known as graviola, which at that time demonstrated such amazing cancer-fighting potential, that those exposed to it within the conventional medical community looked upon it with complete incredulity. - Dan Voluntarist Lyons via Eric Nordstrom - Steven Blair: sigh, last year it was acai. – Facebook, 13.3.12. - Soursop Fruit 100 Fold Stronger At Killing Cancer Than Chemotherapy - - The Soursop is a flowering, evergreen tree native to tropical regions of the world. It also contains a long, prickly green fruit which happens to kill cancer up to 10,000 times more effectively than strong chemotherapy drugs, all without the nasty side effects and withour harming healthy cells. - Brad Spangler via Jessica MotherDirtpeaceforall Larcy Abrams on Facebook, 5.3.12. - Whose life and liberty is not threatened by cancer? – JZ, 5.3.12.

CANCER: Jen G Wess - Wow! 40 day cancer wipe out, plant based cure! - Chinese Plant Compound Wipes out Cancer in 40 Days, Says New Research - - by Anthony Gucciardi. - A little-known plant with a truly bizarre name is now making headlines as … -Shari Peterson Graviola is also an amazing cancer fighter. Many ten thousands times effective than chemo. The problem is it must be used first, not last, which is when most herbal treatments are tried. – FACEBOOK, 20.10.12. – CURE?

CANCER: Jen G Wess likes a link. - A pair of scientists at California Pacific Medical Center in San Francisco has found that a compound derived from marijuana could stop metastasis in many kinds of aggressive cancer, potentially altering the fatality of the disease forever. - “It took us about 20 years of research to figure this out, but we are very excited,” said Pierre Desprez, one of the scientists behind the discovery, to The Huffington Post. “We want to get started with trials as soon as possible.” - Judy Morris - - Tom Rankin What we found was that his Cannabidiol could essentially ‘turn off’ the ID-1,” Desprez told HuffPost. The cells stopped spreading and returned to normal. – Facebook, 6.10.12. - CURE?

CANCER: Researchers in Japan may have found a cure for some of the worst diseases plaguing mankind, including … -  Sørengaard Srugis -

CANCER: The gene PTEN is a tumor suppressor, making it one of the best genes to have in the fight against cancer. But the latest research suggests that preventing cancer is just the beginning of all the amazing things this gene can do. - Extra gene keeps mice cancer-free and permanently skinny – Facebook, 7.3.12.

CANCER: The one disease to which the Bambuti were susceptible was cancer of the pancreas. This was caused by some factor of their diet or environment in the forest. The women of the tribe used an infusion of the root of a vine that contained a bitter milky sap to treat the disease, and Kelly had witnessed some seemingly miraculous cures. She and Victor Omeru had isolated an alkaloid from the sap which they hoped was the active agent in the cure, and they were testing it with encouraging results. – They were using the same alkaloid to treat three of the Uhali men in camp who were suffering from AIDS. It was too soon to be certain, but once again the results were most encouraging and exciting. - Wilbur Smith, The Elephant Song, Pan Books, 1992, p.320/21. – What is freedom without health? – JZ, 1.3.12. - & AIDS

CANDIDATES: If I were elected - I would as far as possible get out of your way - and also help you to remove man-made (legal) obstacles for all your peaceful activities." - JZ, 2/75, as a proposal for Workers Party candidates.

CANDIDATES: It is interesting to speculate on the kind of campaigns and the type of candidates we would have if taxation were abolished and if, as a consequence, the power to dispense privileges was abolished. Who would run for office if 'there were nothing in it?' “ - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.48. - Already during the Roman Republic the offices did not pay a salary - but were VERY profitable, nevertheless. - JZ, 21.4.94. - Political power or influence is enough to levy official or unofficial taxes. - JZ, 4.6.94. - CORRUPTION, DEMOCRACY, VOTING, POLITICIANS, BRIBERY, SELLING OF FAVOURS, POWER ADDICTION,

CANDIDATES: They should all have to sign detailed contracts, which each voter should be able to accept, with his vote for a candidate. In evidence, the voter could render e.g., a photocopy of his vote, made by himself, before he threw his ticket in the ballot box. That would require a photocopier in each vote counting office. Signature of a witness for it could be arranged. Then each voter, upon each broken promise of a politician he voted for, should be free to sue him for breach of contract. A high fine for breach of contract should be the minimum penalty. - JZ, 4.6.94, 28.1.13. – VOTING, POLITICIANS, CONTRACTS, BREAK OF CONTRACT SUITS

CANDIDATES: Why do they call them candidates when so many are far from candid?" - Bill Lewis, READER’S DIGEST, 6/75. - JOKES

CANDIDATES: You may spend a month or a year thinking which of them is better; but you won't decide because they are, as children say, 'both worse'. All that is left for a self-respecting man is not to vote at all." - Alexander Herzen, From the Other Shore, London 1956 ed., pp. 96/97. - ELECTIONS, FRANCHISE, POLITICIANS, PARTIES, VOTING

CANNIBALISM: welfare legislation which the writer calls 'moral cannibalism' that encourages an individual to believe that he has a moral claim on the productive capacity, time and effort expended by others and is entitled to unemployment relief, free medical care, free education." - D. M. Kulkarni, INDIAN LIBERTARIAN, 5/75. - MORALITY, WELFARE STATE, NEEDS, RIGHTS

CANNIBALISM: Cannibalism was considered moral, because only one individual needed to be sacrificed to feed the group." – Robert Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.98. - While literal cannibalism has largely died out, acts based on that mentality, of victimising innocents "for the common good", has not. - JZ, 21.4.94. – MAJORITIES, PUBLIC INTEREST, MAJORITY RULE, MAJORITARIANISM, VOTING, ALTRUISM VS. EGOISM, SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDIVIDIUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

CANNOTS: The Ten "Cannots" of Political Economy: (1) You cannot bring about prosperity by discouraging thrift. (2) You cannot strengthen the weak by weakening the strong. (3) You cannot help small men by tearing down big men. (4) You cannot help the wage-earner by tearing down the wage-payer. (5) You cannot further the brotherhood of mankind by encouraging class hatred. (6) You cannot help the poor by destroying the rich. (7) You cannot establish sound security on borrowed money. (8) You cannot keep out of trouble by spending more than you earn. (9) You cannot build character and courage by taking away man's initiative. (10) You cannot help man permanently by doing for them what they could do and should do for themselves. Although often attributed to Abraham Lincoln, he did not say this. The exact origin of this quote is unknown. - In 1916, a minister and outspoken advocate for liberty, William J. H. Boetcker, published a pamphlet entitled The Ten Cannots. – Quoted in PATRIOTPOST.US, 1.11.08. - WELFARE STATE, TAXATION, POVERTY, EGALITARIANISM, INDEPENDENCE, INITIATIVE, BROTHERHOOD

CAPITAL & LABOR: capital is increasingly substitutable for labor. … increased automation has caused the labor component of finished products and services to decline steadily. - Paul Zane Pilzer, Unlimited Wealth, updated edition, Crown Publishers, New York, 1994, p.98. – Under full economic freedom, including full monetary and financial freedom, that would merely mean that more goods and services could be offered to more and more people, because more and more people could be employed more productively and also earning more, provided only that they increase their knowledge and skills sufficiently. – JZ, 14.3.12. – UNEMPLOYMENT, JOBS, MACHINES, AUTOMATION

CAPITAL GAINS TAX: It is another destroyer of our property rights and our productive capital. It makes our main enemy, the “own” government – one not freely chosen by volunteers only – more powerful and bureaucratic, wasteful and counter-productive by its various anti-economic measures and procedures. Capital in the hands of governments cannot do as much good as in the hands of its former owners. But in the hands of governments it can finance a lot of wrongs and losses inflicted. It is one of many aspects of state socialism that continues in the supposedly free countries that are supposed to be democratic opponents of state socialism. They are even, quite wrongly, imagined to be quite capitalistic rather than anti-capitalistic countries and governments. Already as territorial governments they are state socialistic. – JZ, 28.7.06, 26.10.07. - STATE SOCIALISM VS. CAPITALISM & PROPERTY RIGHTS & FREE ENTERPRISE – By word count these entries on Capital, Capitalism, Capitalists, come to 36 pages and 370 paragraphs. Perhaps they should be used for a special file online and or as a starting point for a brochure or book on the subject, printed only upon demand. I leave it to others to correct and supplement such a collection. – JZ, 6.11.10. – Whoever honestly increases the capital available in a country is a benefactor to the public and not a public enemy to be punished and partly expropriated. – JZ, 28.1.13. - TERRITORIALISM, STATE SOCIALISM, TAXATION

CAPITAL MARKET: Capital security issues and trades and the establishment and maintenance of exchanges for them to be free, i.e. self-regulated and quite unrestricted by territorial laws and jurisdiction. A sound, lasting, stable and satisfactory capital market, however, can only be achieved via full monetary and financial freedom. JZ 31.12.92. – Capital assets can be freely bought and sold only under full monetary freedom. And only under that freedom can their productive potential be fully utilized. – JZ, 3.10.08. – STOCK EXCHANGES, SALES DIFFICULTIES, DEPRESSIONS, MONETARY DESPOTISM, MONETARY FREEDOM, PRODUCTIVE POTENTIAL, FINANCIAL FREEDOM, CAPITALISM

CAPITAL MARKET: How can the capital market be free and thus function well, relatively stable and continuously, without crises, under e.g. xyz taxes, including inheritance tax, income tax, company tax and progressive taxation, interest rate policies, international trade “policies”, including protectionism, quotas, tariffs, sanctions, governmental treaties, foreign exchange controls, devaluations, revaluations, government guaranties, subsidies, monopolies, central banking and its monetary despotism (issue monopoly, legal tender power, compulsory deposits with the central bank), leading to inflations, deflations, credit restrictions and stagflations, investment regulations and restrictions, leading to flawed investments, forced loans by governments, nationalizations, prohibitions, wars against poverty (leading to wars against the poor as well as businessmen, investors, etc.), or economic crises, resulting from all this wrongful and irrational, often even contradictory governmental interventionism with sound economic liberties and rights or laissez-faire economics, free market economics, and under the hot and cold international wars of territorial governments, their Welfare State and Warfare Staate public debts, compulsory investments in governmental insecurities, governmental stockpiling of rare metals and other resources, ever increasing government debts, price-, wage- and rent-controls, labour laws, legalized trade union despotism, ever increasing number of interventionist laws and taxes, monopoly stock exchanges and xyz other interventions? - Merely listing all these interventions would, probably fill a book and the full text of all these wrongful, irrational, unproductive laws and regulations would fill a library. The plans, regulations, controls and avalanches of their “positive” legislation, the orders of the bureaucratic, centralized, largely monopolized and territorial command “economies” keep large armies of counter-productive bureaucrats (wrongly termed public servants or civil servants at work (although they neither always serve nor are always civil with their powers). E.g. in China alone there are ca. 46 million of them. Even there, in a still politically totalitarian State, the number of bureaucrats is low compared with its population, i.e. lower than in other and supposedly more free Western countries under “Welfare State” systems. Compulsory State Socialism is still all too extensive in most countries and this under all kinds of misleading propaganda terms. - How can one rightly blame all these legally enforced messes - and the crises thus produced - on a free enterprise and free market capitalism and a laissez faire or free market, free trade and free enterprise economy instead of blaming the real culprits: territorial governments and statism? Only a government-controlled “education” system is capable of that and it is largely run by teachers who are state socialists, were educated and paid by the government or have to operate under governmental controls and governmental propaganda. The same is true for most lawyers and judges. Even the supreme courts of most countries are, largely, government-controlled, if one judges them by most of their decisions. – JZ, n.d. & 7.1.13. - ANTI-CAPITALISM, BUREAUCRACY, GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS, TERRITORIALISM, TAXES, LAWS & REGULATIONS, STATE SOCIALISM, WELFARE STATE, WARFARE STATE, PUBLIC DEBTS

CAPITAL MARKET: Securities regulator will not ban short-selling, says Greg Medcraft - - All kinds of cash, not issued by ourselves, and not yet in our own pocket, are only money we HOPE to get in the FUTURE and thus any promise to pay with it, in the future, is, essentially, also a speculative dealing in futures, in goods not yet in hand. That should be self-evident to all, since the issue of money tokens is legally monopolized and the monopoly money is coercively spread - but not evenly into all pockets. Austrian citizens joked on this: "Governments never go bankrupt, only their creditors do." One should add, that under the rule of monopoly money many otherwise sound debtors become unable to pay, just like many of their potential customers, and go bankrupt, too. Freedom for the owners of ready for sale and wanted or needed goods and services to monetize them, with their kind of free market money and their chosen value standard! That would solve their sales problem and also the sales problem for most people able and willing to work productively for market determined wages or salaries. No more involuntary unemployment or under-employment! – JZ, 17.8.11, on Facebook. – MONETARY DESPOTISM, CASH, SPECULATION, SHORT SALES OF CASH, FINANCIAL FREEDOM & REGULATIONS

CAPITAL OWNERSHIP: As the indisputable right of man to work, earn his living and be financially independent, the idea of owning capital, too, is inherent in the concept of human rights.” - Kevork Ajemian, The Fallacy of Modern Politics, Books International, PO Box 6096, McLean, Virginia 22106, 1986, Tel. (703) 821-8900, p.155. Even the unskilled worker, considered as sproductive machine capital, owns himself the value of whatever his labour adds to a service or products. Over a long working life in a relatively free country, the total of his earnings, when added up, do amount to a relatively large capital. Naturally, some to much of it goes for his basic living expenses, his maintenance, but that part can be relatively small in a free country. Much of it  also goes to waste, self-chosen, e.g. on betting, gambling, smoking, drinking etc. and, mostly, all too little is spent by him on productive capital investments. Alas, over all his working life he is forced to spend a fortune in tax tributes, amounting to his greatest exploitation. – JZ, 28.1.13. – PROPERTY, CAPILTALISM, SELF-OWNERSHIP, TAXATION, EXPLOITATION, THE WORKER AS PRODUCTIVE & SELF-OWNED CAPITAL

CAPITAL SHORTAGE: It does not exist before and after periods of mass unemployment and is thus unlikely to exist during them. What is short, instead, are serviceable exchange media to pay wages with and to sell presently unsold but needed and wanted consumer goods and services. These goods and services themselves can be the basis of such exchange media or clearing house certificates and should be so utilized. JZ 30.12.92, 12.11.08. – MONETARY FREEDOM VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM

CAPITAL: At the same time it can be helpful if capital is understood as socialised wealth in the sense that it has been retained in the economy as a means for promoting efficiency in production, i.e. a means whereby effort may be saved." - GOOD GOVERNMENT, 4/76. - Its owners, managers, investors, get usually no more than a bonus if they employ it in society's best interest, while employees receive the maximum share - of what is left after taxes. And the owners, managers and investors, if they make mistakes, risk their jobs and their property, with consumers as the ultimate adjudicators. - JZ, 21.4.94.

CAPITAL: Bastiat pointed out that capital and labor cannot get along without each other. He urged the freest and most voluntary transactions between capital and labor, and warned that any intervention on behalf of one against the other was likely to produce results which would penalise all." – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p. 220/21.

CAPITAL: But what use is a machine without a master? A government could order machines around all day, till it was blue in the face, and nothing would happen... A machine is operated by people. A machine is a man-made instrument, created by man, build by man, and without man it would cease to function. (*) - The 'means of production' is you. Your brains, your hands, they make the world go round. 'Government ownership and control of the means of production' means government ownership and control of you. - EVERY GOVERNMENT CONTROL IS A PEOPLE CONTROL. 'Socialism' is just a nice word for it..." - Mark Tier, THE AUSTRALIAN, 12.10.74. – (*) Even automated equipment needs some supervision and maintainance and, finally, replacement. – JZ, 28.1.13.

CAPITAL: Capital ... is an object of cupidity. Some want to get it without paying the price of industry and economy. In ancient times they made use of force. They organised bands of robbers. They plundered laborers and merchants. Chief of all, however, they found that means of robbery which consisted in gaining control of the civil organisation - the State - and using its poetry and romance as a glamour under cover of which they made robbery lawful..." – W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe To Each Other, p.88.

CAPITAL: capital ... is the condition of all welfare on earth, the fortification of existence, and the means of growth..." - W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe To Each Other, p.88. – Capital is almost valueless except for subsistence support, when its products and services cannot be readily sold for sound exchange media or exchanged for the wanted goods and services by free clearing options. What can the farmer do with the excess food over his family’s needs, that he has produced, when he cannot sell it? – Sound and sufficient exchange media or clearing avenues are needed to build up capital and to utilize it economically. – JZ, 13.11.08.

CAPITAL: Capital ... is the force by which civilization is maintained and carried on..." – W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p.108. – Even capital is dependent upon the competitive supply of exchange media, value standards and clearing options, also Free Trade conditions, internally and externally. Without them the capital market is not free and cannot achieve as much as it could and should. For all too long it was tied down to the supply of rare metals, rare metal supply promises and rare metal certificates. As a result economic development was greatly slowed down for thousands of years. – Those who still believe in an exclusive rare metal currency do still deny this. Some even deny the possibility of deflation because, according to their false premise, prices would always, fast and sufficiently adapt to any amount of currency in circulation. To realize the absurdity of this belief imagine the extreme case, in which only a single gold coin would remain in circulation, in the whole world, and that all others would be hoarded our of fear of inflation or of deflation. Could all goods, services and labor be freely exchanged then? – 6.11.10. – GOLD STANDARD, DEFLATION, PRICE LEVEL ADAPTATION

CAPITAL: Capital flees even before human do.” - "Kapitalflucht kommt vor Menschenflucht." - Helmar Nahr. - No wonder, there is usually more foresight behind it. - JZ, 21.4.94. – Alas, one cannot freely secede or flee with one’s real estate, house and either heavy property. – JZ, 13.11.08.

CAPITAL: Capital has from the beginning of time worked to free men from the yoke of ignorance, want, and tyranny. To frighten away capital is to rivet a triple chain around the arms of the human race." - Bastiat, ECONOMIC HARMONIES, p.190.

CAPITAL: Capital is accumulated labour. Labour is capital which does not accumulate." - Laffitte. - Under freedom capital accumulates largely as saved labour and out of labour savings. Alas, most workers do not aim to accumulate it, not even within their voluntary collectives. They rather "think" of grabbing the existing scarce capital as private or State bandits. (Occupation of the factories or Nationalisation.) - Workers are capitalists who do not capitalise and accumulate and invest their main capital asset, their working power and do not even dream of this. - JZ 5.7.92. - They rather "invest" their surplus earnings in some luxury consumption, drinking and betting. As for Lafitte's remark: How can capital be accumulated labour when labour is a capital that does not accumulate? Behind this remark is a socialist notion of exploitation. But it does not answer the question why only exploiters, through exploitation, would be able to accumulate labour capital and why labour cannot accumulate its capital on its own. - Ulrich von Beckerath was closer to the mark when he defined "capitalism" (in the derogatory sense, a capitalism of the few), as a condition that would inevitably result when most people remain unaware of their economic affairs and do not care about them. They essentially still feel like slaves on a slave block, waiting for a bidder and hope that he will be a good master. It took centuries before many slaves and serfs were ready to buy their liberty from their masters. Now most employees could pay off the capital of their employers within 10 - 15 years and this out of additional earnings that would be due to the  transformation of the enterprises they work in - into self-owned and self-managed enterprises. - JZ, 21.4.94. – But do they care about and ponder such possibilities and try to realize them a.s.a.p.? – JZ, 13.11.08, 28.1.13.

CAPITAL: Capital is force, human energy stored and accumulated, and very few people ever come to appreciate its importance to civilized life. We get so used to it that we do not see its use." – W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe To Each Other, p.54.  – PREDONE LABOUR & INTELLIGENT EFFORTS

CAPITAL: Capital is that part of the wealth of a country which is employed in production and consists of food, clothing, tools, raw materials, machinery, etc., necessary to give effect to labour." - David Ricardo, Principles of Political Economy and Taxation, v, 1817. - Taxation should always have been dealt with as part of anti-economic power plays. - JZ, 21.4.94. – TAXATION & NATIONALIZATION

CAPITAL: Capital must be propelled by self-interest; it cannot be enticed by benevolence." - Walter Bagehot, 1826-1877, Economic Studies. – However, the total capital, which is offered by benevolent foundations is also rather large, at least in countries like the USA and also invested in xyz schemes internationally, but not always economically, like most other charitable efforts. – JZ, 27.1.13.

CAPITAL: capital represents the tools and raw material for future production - the mainspring of the wealth and well-being of everyone. Spend your capital and civilization goes into a tail-spin." - Diogenes of Panarchia, THE CONNECTION 116, p.30. - If only pro-property, free enterprise and free trade mentality remains, then the lost capital can be rapidly accumulated again. - JZ, 13.8.87. Moreover, employees could and should purchase the enterprises they work in – using industrial or agricultural bonds, issued by themselves, as their means of payment for their take-over bids. – JZ, 13.11.08, 28.1.13. – PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES ON TERMS

CAPITAL: Capital, with negligible exceptions, is used for the orderly production and distribution of goods, 95% of which are consumed by those who claim to be disinherited." - From the WILLIAM FEATHER MAGAZINE, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 10/74. – With the distribution of its products and services it runs into problems when there is not a sufficient and competitive supply of exchange media or clearing avenues. – JZ, 13.11.08.

CAPITAL: Few people are aware that all savings, especially those invested for interest, are capital that they could transform into their own means of production and how much of such capital is in the hands of those supposedly dependent upon wages. They are thus not really dependent upon wages but, unconsciously, have put themselves into such a dependent position. - Solneman, LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, Nr. 2, S. 34. - In his MANIFESTO FOR PEACE AND FREEDOM, K. H. Z. Solneman (Kurt H. Zube) points out that the small savers in Germany have, with DM 390.000 millions in bank deposits, as much in assets that they could purchase, six times over, the controlling part of the stocks of all companies in Germany, which comes only to DM 130.000 millions. The workers are rich, not poor in capital - only they do not bother to use it as capital for their own purposes. They would rather complain about the use other people make of it. - JZ, 21.7.84. – This book is now online, in an English translation: - WEALTH, RICHES, POVERTY & SAVINGS OF ORDINARY PEOPLE, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY EMPLOYEES

CAPITAL: from the first step that man made above the brute, the thing which made his civilization possible was capital. Every step of capital won made the next step possible, up to the present hour. Not a step has been or can be made without capital. It is labor accumulated, multiplied into itself - raised to a higher power, as the mathematicians say. The locomotive is only possible today because, from the flint-knife up, one achievement has been multiplied into another through thousands of generations. We cannot now stir a step in our life without capital. We cannot build a school, a hospital, a church, or employ a missionary society, without capital, any more than we could build a place or a factory without capital. We have ourselves, and we have the earth; the thing which limits what we can do is the third requisite - capital." - W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p.54. - Sometimes capital is plentiful - but is not made available because sound exchange media are not competitively supplied but rather outlawed. - JZ, 29.9.02. – When, as a consequence, productive capital cannot be fully utilized, because its products or services cannot all be readily sold, then the capital is still there – but, at least partly idle, just like many formerly employed people are then unemployed but still there.(They are also constituting a large and unused but ready for sale capital which, then, alas, is not employed and thus “exploited” according to the Leftists. – JZ, 6.11.10.) Thus the capital supply should always be judged in combination with the free market supply of sound exchange media or clearing avenues. – Neither in inflations nor in deflations nor in stagflations is all the existing capital fully and economically used and usable. - JZ, 13.11.08, 28.1.13. – INFLATIONS, DEFLATIONS, STAGFLATIONS UNDER MONETARY DESPOTISM

CAPITAL: Governments would rather monopolise, destroy or forcefully mismanage (control and regulate) capital rather than let it grow undisturbed, become wide-spread and serve consumers, producers, investors - all creative and productive persons alike. - JZ, 11.9.87.

CAPITAL: How can the capital market be free and thus function well, relatively stable and continuously, without crises, under e.g. xyz taxes, including inheritance tax, income tax, company tax and progressive taxation, interest rate policies, international trade “policies”, including protectionism, quotas, tariffs, sanctions, governmental treaties, foreign exchange controls, devaluations, revaluations, government guaranties, subsidies, monopolies, central banking and its monetary despotism (issue monopoly, legal tender power, compulsory deposits with the central bank), leading to inflations, deflations, credit restrictions and stagflations, investment regulations and restrictions, leading to flawed investments, forced loans by governments, nationalizations, prohibitions, wars against poverty (leading to wars against the poor as well as businessmen, investors, etc.), or economic crises, resulting from all this wrongful and irrational, often even contradictory governmental interventionism with sound economic liberties and rights or laissez-faire economics, free market economics, and under the hot and cold international wars of territorial governments, their Welfare State and Warfare Staate public debts, compulsory investments in governmental insecurities, governmental stockpiling of rare metals and other resources, ever increasing government debts, price-, wage- and rent-controls, labour laws, legalized trade union despotism, ever increasing number of interventionist laws and taxes, monopoly stock exchanges and xyz other interventions? - Merely listing all these interventions would, probably fill a book and the full text of all these wrongful, irrational, unproductive laws and regulations would fill a library. The plans, regulations, controls and avalanches of their “positive” legislation, the orders of the bureaucratic, centralized, largely monopolized and territorial command “economies” keep large armies of counter-productive bureaucrats (wrongly termed public servants or civil servants at work (although they neither always serve nor are always civil with their powers). E.g. in China alone there are ca. 46 million of them. Even there, in a still politically totalitarian State, the number of bureaucrats is low compared with its population, i.e. lower than in other and supposedly more free Western countries under “Welfare State” systems. Compulsory State Socialism is still all too extensive in most countries and this under all kinds of misleading propaganda terms. - How can one rightly blame all these legally enforced messes - and the crises thus produced - on a free enterprise and free market capitalism and a laissez faire or free market, free trade and free enterprise economy instead of blaming the real culprits: territorial governments and statism? Only a government-controlled “education” system is capable of that and it is largely run by teachers who are state socialists, were educated and paid by the government or have to operate under governmental controls and governmental propaganda. The same is true for most lawyers and judges. Even the supreme courts of most countries are, largely, government-controlled, if one judges them by most of their decisions. – JZ, n.d. & 7.1.13. – CAPITAL MARKET, ANTI-CAPITALISM, BUREAUCRACY, GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS, TERRITORIALISM, TAXES, LAWS & REGULATIONS, STATE SOCIALISM, WELFARE STATE, WARFARE STATE, PUBLIC DEBTS

CAPITAL: In an age when capital and labor were assumed to be antagonistic, Bastiat pointed out that capital and labor cannot get along without each other. He urged the freest and most voluntary transactions between capital and labor, ..." – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.220.

CAPITAL: Individual and voluntarily combined capital enriches. Compulsorily collectivised capital impoverishes. - JZ, 14.5.93, 13.11.08. The total quantity of capital is often less important than the ownship and use of it. In the hands of politicians, bureaucrats and trade unionists it is never fully productive. – JZ, 28.1.13. - EXPROPRIATION, NATIONALISATION, PRIVATISATION

CAPITAL: It has often been found that profuse expenditures, heavy taxation, absurd commercial restrictions, corrupt tribunals, disastrous wars, seditions, persecutions, conflagrations, inundations, have not been able to destroy capital so fast as the exertions of private citizens have been able to create it." - Thomas Babington Macaulay, quoted in The Free Man's Almanac, for Oct. 20. – Modern confiscations in form of taxation, inflation, nationalization, added by wrongful regulations, compulsory licensing, protectionism, legalized monopolies, especially monetary and financial despotism, have all too much reduced the value and economic utilization of the existing and added capital and destroyed all too much of it. –  With legislation and courts on their side, the official interventionists and robbers, including privileged trade unions, have all too often won this kind of battle and created once crisis after the other and prolonged each of them by their “counter-measures”. - JZ, 28.1.13.

CAPITAL: It is the most short-sighted ignorance not to see that, in a civilised community, all the advantage of capital except a small fraction, is gratuitously enjoyed by the community." - W. G. Sumner, The Challenge of Facts, p.21. – If not gratuitously, then relatively cheaply, the more competitively its services can be offered. – JZ, 28.1.13.

CAPITAL: It requires a long train of reasoning to show that the capital on which the miracles of civilization depend, is the slow and painful creation of the economy and the enterprise of the few, and of the industry of the many, and is destroyed, or driven away, or prevented from arising, by any causes which diminish or render insecure the profits of the capitalist, or deaden the activity of the laborer; and that the State, by relieving idleness, improvidence, or misconduct from the punishment, and depriving abstinence and foresight of the reward, which have been provided for them by nature, may indeed destroy wealth, but most certainly will aggravate poverty." - Nassau Senior, Journal Kept in France and Italy from 1848-52, London; 2nd. ed., 1871, VI, I, p.4-5. Quoted by Hazlitt, The Conquest of Poverty, p 231/32.

CAPITAL: Just as wealth is labour raised to a second power through its storage in material products, so capital is labour raised to a still higher power when it is used to aid labour in production." - GOOD GOVERNMENT, 4/76.

CAPITAL: Not capital but privilege is the enemy of labour." - Max Hirsch, Exposure of Socialism, p.48. – LEGALIZED MONOPOLIES

CAPITAL: only by an increase in capital will the proletariat be freed." – Frederic Bastiat, LIBERTARIAN DIGEST, Australia, Feb. 82. - I would rather say: Only by an increase of capital, preferably in their own hands, and its profitable investment. - Only by the mobilisation of their own capital in their own hands will proletarians be freed! Often they do already possess enough capital to buy out their employers, in their bank accounts, as K. H. Z. Solneman pointed out, in his Manifesto for Freedom and Peace, or they would only have to mobilise the capital in their pension- and insurance funds, or to mortgage their homes, or to anticipate their future earnings in an enterprise, or to claim their share in the national assets, in transferable securities, in order to make an effective take-over bid. - JZ, 21.7.84, 21.4.94. - In another version: "Destroy capital and you destroy not only the supplier, but the consumer as well ... Only by an increase in capital will the proletariat ever be freed." – Frederic Bastiat, 1840. - Only by acquiring capital rightfully, largely through mobilising the own labour capital and savings, capitalistically, in a business-like way, will labour ever be freed – i.e., achieve self-management and control of its own productive capital. - JZ, 7.9.85, 13. – Not only the capital market should be considered but also the free market for exchange media, clearing and value standard options. Especially by those libertarians who manage to see in minimum wage laws the only cause for involuntary unemployment, a case of the single hypothesis vs. the multiple hypothesis approach. – An increase in the supply of sound exchange media (including free clearing and sound value standards), while the unsound and forced currencies may finally be freely refused or discounted, is as important as an increase in the capital supply. It would also promote the increase in savings and investments and thus the capital supply. – I cannot understand why so many people manage to overlook that aspect. - JZ, 6.11.10. – MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE BANKING, CAPITAL MARKETS

CAPITAL: Securities regulator will not ban short-selling, says Greg Medcraft - - All kinds of cash, not issued by ourselves, and not yet in our own pocket, are only money we HOPE to get in the FUTURE and thus any promise to pay with it, in the future, is, essentially, also a speculative dealing in futures, in goods not yet in hand. That should be self-evident to all, since the issue of money tokens is legally monopolized and the monopoly money is coercively spread - but not evenly into all pockets. Austrian citizens joked on this: "Governments never go bankrupt, only their creditors do." One should add, that under the rule of monopoly money many otherwise sound debtors become unable to pay, just like many of their potential customers, and go bankrupt, too. Freedom for the owners of ready for sale and wanted or needed goods and services to monetize them, with their kind of free market money and their chosen value standard! That would solve their sales problem and also the sales problem for most people able and willing to work productively for market determined wages or salaries. No more involuntary unemployment or under-employment! – JZ, 17.8.11, on Facebook. – MONETARY DESPOTISM, CASH, SPECULATION, SHORT SALES OF CASH, FINANCIAL FREEDOM & REGULATIONS, CAPITAL MARKET

CAPITAL: that part of a man's stock which he expects to afford him a revenue." - Adam Smith, quoted in GOOD GOVERNMENT, 4/76. – A fair share in the additional productivity made possible through the economic investment of this “pre-done labor”. – Although by now most of the output of enterprises is due to investments e.g. in machines, the investors in these machines get, as a rule, much less than the wage- and salary earners get, between them. – Taxation exploits both, the workers and the investors. - JZ, 13.11.08, 28.1.13.

CAPITAL: The formation of capital is a process performed with the cooperation of the consumers: only those entrepreneurs can earn surpluses whose activities satisfy best (*) the public. And the utilisation of the once accumulated capital is directed by the anticipation of the most urgent (*) of the not yet fully satisfied wishes of the consumers. Thus capital comes into existence and is employed according to the wishes of the consumers." – Ludwig von Mises, The Elite under Capitalism, THE FREEMAN, 10/75. - He, too, overlooked the savings and investment potential of ordinary workers and how powerful their savings and earnings potential could be if combined for take-over bids. In short, he considered only the capitalism of a few and the others merely as consumers and employees. - Everybody a capitalist, based on his own earnings, savings, property, claims and earnings potential! - JZ, 21.7.84, 21.4.94. – Most people do not even consider the total earnings of a worker during his decades of work in a relatively free economy. These totals, if published for various occupations, would be a surprise to most people. They would demonstrate the capital value of a worker’s life-time earnings. They might also induce some more workers to try to invest some of their earnings in capital assets protected by value-preserving clauses and also by making them free from taxes and financial regulations. Similarly, the facts should be published on how low, under full economic freedom, old age insurance contributions could be – to obtain a huge old age pension, provided only his contributions are tax free, safe from confiscation and inflation and productively invested at the highest interest rates attainable for credit-insured investments. Ulrich von Beckerath once compiled that information on a single page, which I have microfiched – somewhere. – JZ, 5.11.10. – (*) Not only goods and services of the highest quality and those most urgently needed - do provide sufficient satisfaction. – JZ, 18.1.13. - PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES, COOPERATIVE PRODUCTION, SELF-MANAGEMENT, SELF-OWNERSHIP, OLD AGE INSURANCE UNDER ECONOMIC FREEDOM

CAPITAL: The goose that lays the golden eggs. - JZ, 24.6.92. – For workers, owning their working power, as well as for the other capitalists. – At least under full economic freedom. Without it both, the capitalists and the workers, do suffer, though at different degrees, since the former possess more capital, which they can sell and consume. But selling capital in times of deflations will not get its full free market value and during an inflation it would not be wise to seel it, either, for rapidly depreciated government money. – JZ, 28.1.13. – MACHINES, AUTOMATION

CAPITAL: The Mises Store newsletter of today, says under subject: "Capital is everything." - What good is it, e.g., without exchange media or clearing options? Without freedom, without rights, without life? People should be more careful with their dogmatic statements. – JZ, 20.8.11, on Facebook. – Or without transport options to its market? Or without customers, able and willing to pay for what it has to offer? – JZ, 17.1.13.

CAPITAL: the productive power of the human hand cannot, to any great extent, be increased. Hence, unless some other forces can be harnessed to the production of wealth, man would be doomed to eternal poverty and barbarism, as he has been for ages in those countries where natural forces (machinery) have not - except to the most limited extent - been employed. In short, IT IS ONLY AS CAPITAL PRODUCES MORE THAN IT CONSUMES THAT THE LABORER IS ENABLED TO CONSUME MORE THAN HE PRODUCES, AND SOCIAL PROGRESS BECOMES POSSIBLE. - George Gunton, Wealth and Progress, quoted in Bliss's Encyclopaedia of Social Reform, p.1098 of the earlier edition. – Why is it always taken for granted that sound exchange media and clearing avenues will always be available to sell the products and services, even under the money issue monopoly and the usual mismanagement of central banks or under the obligation to redeem all banknotes with precious metal coins? Monetary and financial despotism is still all too little questioned, even during a financial crisis like the present one. – JZ, 13.11.08. – Q., LABOUR, MONETARY FREEDOM, MONETARY DESPOTISM, PRODUCTIVITY

CAPITAL: The totality of knowledge is of inestimable value because nobody knows it all and everybody needs at least some of it. - JZ 13.4.77. - Nevertheless, this kind of potential capital has not yet been fully gathered and far less utilised by capitalistic entrepreneurs. If it were, the enemies of capitalism could be rapidly and easily defeated. - JZ, 21.7.84. - Each bit of knowledge is capital - and can be shared by all without diminishing it. Freedom ideas are our most valuable capital. We ought to mobilise all of them - and the related ideas on justice, peace, economics and societal living, protection, defence, liberation and revolution. - In the absence of that total knowledge, we all too often engage in the organised destruction of life and property, during wars and even in times we call "peace". - The mobilisation of all existing material and immaterial capital can protect and multiply all that capital - and turn us into free and wealthy beings. - JZ, 21.4.94, 13.11.08. – FREEDOM, LIBERTY, JUSTICE, RIGHTS & PEACE IDEAS, KNOWLEDGE

CAPITAL: There can be no more industry than is supplied with materials to work upon and food to eat. Nevertheless, it is often forgotten that the people of a country are maintained and have their wants supplied, not by the produce of present labour but of past..." - J. S. Mill, Principles of Political Economy, quoted from page 2094 of The World's Great Books in Outline.

CAPITAL: There is no real shortage of capital in the world, and I do not know of any major project which has been held up solely because of the lack of money. Capital is plentiful wherever it is 'wanted and well treated'. The real bottleneck in the development of the world is the shortage of human capital: people with the skill, training, and education intelligently to employ the world's resources." - Walter B. Wriston, May 1963, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 5/76. - In a war ravaged country real capital is scarce. All the more it should offer e.g., investment options on a gold value basis and tax and regulation exemptions to foreign capital offers. Resources do not belong to the world but to individuals and their associations. – Free Trade makes much of the capital of the world available in any country where it is well treated. - JZ, 21.4.94, 28.1.13.

CAPITAL: Under these ridiculous conditions it is remarkable that the economy functions as well as it does in providing the social organism with its nutrition, burdened as it is with the strain of meeting all the legal claims extorted through the mountain of fictitious capital, the great social evil that not only lowers the standard of living of the wealth producers but enslaves workers to the superstition of a so-called war between capital and labour when the war is actually between capital and spurious capital or the capitalisation of tribute.” - GOOD GOVERNMENT, 4/76. - In their George-ist stress on land monopoly factors, they often overlook the vast exploitation via tributes called taxation and also the exploitation caused by monetary despotism. But at least they want to reduce all taxes to only one. I hold that one to be one too many. - JZ, 21.4.94, 6.11.10. – HENRY GEORGE , SINGLE TAX

CAPITAL: Voluntary trading directs the instruments of production and the means of economic security into the hands of those most capable of serving all mankind." - The Free Man's Almanac, compiled and edited by Leonard E. Read of FEE. – Only what is left of voluntary trading - after taxation, confiscations, regulations, deflations, inflations and stagflations. – JZ, 13.11.08, 6.11.10, 28.1.13.

CAPITAL: We must give up the habit of spending capital as income." - Ernest Benn, Honest Doubt, p.230. – TAXATION REVENUE, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, BUDGET

CAPITAL: What is left over when the primary needs of a society have been satisfied." - Aldous Huxley. - Even the primary needs of society can only be satisfied with the help of capital, and be it in the form of the most simple tools. - JZ, 21.4.94. – Savings over subsistence are not always turned into productive capital. In many countries and for a long time they were rather turned into unproductive but value preserving gold ands jewellery, rather than e.g. gold and silver coins. Nor was full use made of the “readiness to accept and redeem option” provided by wanted or needed consumer goods and services, in “shop currencies”, issued by associatons of local shops, notes notes that are valued e.g. in gold- or silver-weight-units, although they are not redeemable in these kinds of coins but just accepted, by their issuers, as if they were corresponding gold- or silver coins. – This omission has greatly prevented development in many countries and the metallic redemption spleen for banknotes has had the same effect. Gold and silver are good enough as value standards but not as exclusive exchange media. – In this way at least part of the ready for sale goods and services in a country can be turned into capital, to the extent that the holders of money claims to them (shop foundation money) are willing to so invest them. - JZ, 13.11.08. – GOLD STANDARD & SILVER STANDARD RECKONING BEYOND THE AVAILABILITY OF GOLD- & SILVER COINS TO THE SAME AMOUNTS. GOLD-CLEARING OR GOLD-ACCOUNTING CURRENCIES

CAPITAL: Whatever things are destined to supply productive labor with the shelter, protection, tools and materials which the work requires, and to feed and otherwise maintain the laborer during the process, are capital." - J. S. Mill: Principles of Political Economy, I, 1848. - So defined capital becomes obviously pre-done labour - which was also assisted by pre-done labours. - JZ, 21.4.94.

CAPITAL: Whenever one contributed to charity, or allowed the market to be restricted, capital accumulation diminished - and capital accumulation rested at the heart of men's triumph over nature." - Libertarian Handbook, 1973. (It should have become an annual, at least on microfiche, on floppy disk or CD or online or through an email attachment. – JZ, 13.11.08.)

CAPITAL: Wherever the pie is divided by the free market, one thing seems to be sure: Marx's surplus value theory will be vetoed. For persons will continue, as they have over the past few centuries in our relatively free United States, to recognize a bargain when they see one. That bargain is tools. Of our total output, perhaps as much as 95%  is because of the use of tools. And this is at a costs of only about 15% of total output, as pay to those who have saved to create these tools. That, and not Marx's concept, is the miracle that creates a surplus value." - F. A. Harper, in Read's The Free Man's Almanac, for July 27. – TOOLS, MACHINES, AUTOMATION, PRODUCTIVITY

CAPITAL: Why there is such a tremendous difference in the production of workers in different countries can be summed up very briefly in one word, tools." - W. M. Curtis, quoted in Leonard E. Read's Free Man's Almanac, Oct. 14. – TOOLS, MACHINES, AUTOMATION, MANAGEMENT, SELF-MANGEMENT, TRANSPORT & COMMUNICATION OPTIONS

CAPITALISM: A 'free' capitalism with government responsibility for money and credit has lost its innocence. from that point on it is no longer a matter of principle but one of expediency how far one wishes or permits governmental controls short of expropriation." - Gustav Stolper, This Age of Fable.

CAPITALISM: A capitalist market economy is not, of course, an equal society. But it is a powerful agent for disrupting existing class barriers and official hierarchies.” - Samuel Brittan, Capitalism and the Permissive Society, in David Boaz, ed., The Libertarian Reader, The Free Press, 1997. (Claiming copyrights even to the writings of Paine, Madison, Tocqueville, Mill, etc.! – JZ), p.346. – Alas, it still has left taxation, territorialism, monetary despotism and patent- and copyrights monopolies untouched. Panarchies or Polyarchies would, sooner or later, do away with these remaining restriction upon free enterprise and free exchange and practise better ways to reward innovators than grant them monopolies. – JZ, 3.10.07.  MARKET ECONOMY & EQUALITY

CAPITALISM: A characteristic of the free society is that it is only to be found in countries were capitalism or free enterprise flourish.(*) This is no coincidence for capitalism - far from being a 'system' as it is so regularly and mistakenly called - is much closer to the natural condition of man, for it recognises the individual's responsibility for his own and for his family's well-being and - ... is liable to provide for a diffusion of economic (**) and political power throughout society. It is the antithesis of Socialism which seeks to establish a centralised bureaucratic system to regulate the lives and activities of its citizens." - K. W. Watkins, editor, In Defence of Freedom, p.105. - - (*) A fully free society and a fully free enterprise capitalism have not yet existed on Earth. - (**) It is very misleading to mention "economic power" together with "political power", as if the "power" feature involved were morally and factually the same. - The ability to produce and exchange should not be equated with the power to take and command. - JZ, 25.4.94     

CAPITALISM: a delicate self-regulating mechanism which can be relied upon unattended to produce maximum material satisfaction for all." - Source? - The more so, the more free it is. -  JZ, 25.4.94. – ANTICAPITALIST MENTALITY, STATE SOCIALISM, NATIONALIZATION, TAXATION, PROFIT, PROPERTY RIGHTS

CAPITALISM: A Polish economist was answering questions about economic planning: 'What is the difference between capitalism and socialist economic planning?' asked one member of the audience. - 'Under capitalism you get rigid discipline in production and chaos in consumption. Under socialist economic planning you get discipline in consumption and chaos in production.'" - Benton/Loomes: Big Red Joke Book, p.98.

CAPITALISM: A really free capitalism would lead to or already express a genuine and voluntary or cooperative socialism - to the extent that individuals desired it. - JZ, 8.6.82, 21.4.84. – It would thus establish a capitalism of the many instead of one of the relatively few only. – JZ, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: a sort of monopoly capitalism, partly controlled by the State and partly controlling the State. … Let's say that the industrial trusts and the military caste together are the State. - Poul Anderson, Enough Rope, ASTOUNDING SF, July 1953, 14. - That, too, is an over-simplification, which does not take into consideration e.g. the influence of statist and religious public opinion, supported by schools, academics and writers. - MONOPOLY CAPITALISM, MIXED ECONOMY, BUSINESS, CORPORATIONS, STATE

CAPITALISM: A spirit of exaltation of active and inventive power, of the dynamic energies of man and of individual enterprise." - Jaques Maritain. – Held down by monetary despotism, protectionism, uncounted laws, taxes, regulations and other restrictions imposed by territorialism. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: a strange hostility to freedom itself. The basic principles of capitalism, often denounced these days as self-evidently wicked, are still the foundation of liberty in the Western World. Our ultimate rights are safeguarded by the system which allows us to own a house or rent a room, to change employer, to risk unpopularity for our opinions without risking arrest. But if the State is the only property owner, the only employer, the only leader and patron, how are such liberties to survive? It seems strange, in a world which offers such clear and grim reminders of this reality, that the very fundamental liberties should be honoured as little as they often are." - A. E. Dyson, in Right Turn, ed. by Dr. Rhodes Boyson, p.151.

CAPITALISM: A traffic jam is a collision between free enterprise and socialism. Capitalism builds the cars and socialism builds the roads. - Andrew J. Galambos. - ROADS, SOCIALISM, FREE ENTERPRISE

CAPITALISM: All people, however fanatical they may be in their zeal to disparage and to fight capitalism, implicitly pay homage to it by passionately clamoring for the products it turns out.” - Ludwig von Mises. - Compare the old saw: "Thou shalt recognize them by their fruits!" - FRUITS, ANTI-CAPITALISM MENTALITY

CAPITALISM: Allow capitalism to enrich everybody, who voluntarily participates in it. – JZ, 22.7.04, 28.1.13. – In free competition with all other systems! – JZ, 12.11.08. RICHES, WEALTH, PROSPERITY

CAPITALISM: Another truly democratic impulse stemming from modern capitalism was precisely that men had available to them the opportunity to emerge from the status of wage earners to become capitalists themselves..." – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.222.

CAPITALISM: Are the rich really getting richer and the poor getting poorer? - Here is a little test. Stand on a corner and watch people walk or drive by. Then, based on their appearances, identify which persons are wealthy. Years ago, it wouldn’t have been that hard. The ordinary person wouldn’t be dressed as well – surely not wearing designer clothing - nor would they have nice-looking jewelry or be driving by. Compare the income status of today’s airline passengers with those of yesterday. You’ll find a greater percentage of ordinary people - - That’s one of the great benefits of capitalism. It has made it possible for common people to enjoy at least some of what wealthy people enjoy. You say, “Williams, common people don’t have access to Rolls Royces and yachts!” You’re wrong. Microsoft’s Bill Gates is superrich and can afford to ride in a Rolls Royce and go yachting. So can Williams – just not as long. I can rent a Rolls or a yacht for a day, half-day, or an hour.” - Walter E. Williams, More Liberty Means Less Government. Our Founders Knew This Well, Hoover Institution Press, 1999, – p.247. - RICH & POOR

CAPITALISM: As a rule, capitalism is blamed for the undesired effects of a policy directed at its elimination. The man who sips his morning coffee does not say, 'Capitalism has brought this beverage to my breakfast table.' But when he reads in the papers that the government of Brazil has ordered part of the coffee crop destroyed, he does not say, 'That is government for you'; he exclaims, 'That is capitalism for you.'" ― Ludwig von Mises

CAPITALISM: as Robert Nozick, Harvard professor and libertarian put it, there should be no prohibition of 'capitalist acts between consenting adults'." - McBride, A New Dawn, 52. - Nor, under pure capitalism or panarchism, for all kinds of panarchies, would there be any restrictions on socialist acts between consenting adults, no matter how perverse and counter-productive they are in the eyes of libertarians. - JZ, 20.7.84, 6.11.10. – PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE

CAPITALISM: As the economic derivative of libertarianism, laissez-faire capitalism is an economics of life, of rationality. Like libertarianism in general, it is founded on a belief in the ultimate ability of the individual to engage in enterprises and exchanges of mutual benefit. Like libertarianism, it represents man's aspiration for freedom. And, like libertarianism, it is the only viable solution to the catastrophe of statism in the modern age." - Stan Lehr and Louis Rosetto, Jr., THE NEW YORK TIMES MAGAZINE, 10.1.71. - Capitalists who paint capitalism as the only possible ideal do have, under present conditions, no more chance to see it realised than anarchists have, who do the same for anarchism or limited government libertarians who aim at limited governments for all. Only panarchism fully mobilises the powers of attraction, voluntarism and tolerance and minimises frictions and antagonisms, and only it corresponds fully to the diversity of man and his ideas, including his errors. Thus capitalists, anarchists, libertarians and other idealists should finally stand up for fully free experimentation among volunteers, which is possible only on the basis of exterritorial autonomy, introduced by individual secessionism and exterritorial associationism, i.e. on the foundation of panarchism. - JZ, 24.4.94.

CAPITALISM: Big money and big business, corporations and commerce, are again the undisputed overlords of politics and government. The White House, the Congress and, increasingly, the judiciary, reflect their interests. We appear to have a government run by remote control from the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, the National Association of Manufacturers and the American Petroleum Institute. To hell with everyone else.” - Bill Moyers - PBS Commentator. – Sent by CB. - A popular leftist prejudice and misunderstanding due to an anti-capitalist mentality. Where would most of the big and oversized businesses be without government granted monopolies, privileges, tax exemptions and even subsidies? They are certainly not efficient enough to do away without such help at the expense of the taxpayers and consumers, not informed enough to do away with monetary and financial despotism, they have mostly to put up with taxation, inflations, deflations and mass unemployment and sales difficulties caused by monetary despotism. Anyhow, when it comes to a choice between big business and big government, I would always choose rather big business. – I am not forced to invest in it, buy its product and work in it. If I ever did, I would be free to sell my shares, discontinue buying any of its output and could quit my job. One cannot disconnect oneself as easily, if at all, from territorial governments. I favor complete exterritorial autonomy for corporations which desire it and freedom for them to compete with governments in every sphere. I am sure they would supply much better services than present governments do. But then they should not be the only organizations with that option. Every minority should have the right to so rule itself. – That would be a sound foundation for all the diverse groups among human beings to come to coexist peacefully on this planet, in all countries. Each group could at worst only mistreat its own members and they would remain free to secede from it. – JZ, 27.12.07, 28.1.13. - GOVERNMENT, MONOPOLIES & PRIVILEGES, BIGNESS,  LOBBIES, PRESSURE GROUPS, VESTED INTERESTS HAVING ACCESS TO THE POWER LEVERS IN PARLIAMENTS

CAPITALISM: But in fact, there is nowhere in the world today a ruling system of capitalism or free-enterprise economy." - George Hardy, The Doom of the Welfare Society, p.1.

CAPITALISM: But in order to get the best out of capitalism the burdens of the state have to be not merely equitable – they have to be light.” - Margaret Thatcher, Statecraft, 2002, HarperCollins, – p.422. - Not merely light but absent – unless quite voluntary communities decide to impose them upon themselves. – JZ, 8.7.07. Volunteers will, generally, be careful not to impose too great burdens upon themselves. – JZ, 9.10.07. - THE STATE, LIMITED GOVERNMENT, VOLUNTARISM

CAPITALISM: But to the extent that it prevails, competitive capitalism is the biggest single force acting on the side of what it is fashionable to call “permissiveness”, but what was once known as personal liberty.” – Samuel Brittan, Capitalism and the Permissive Society, in David Boaz, ed., The Libertarian Reader, The Free Press, 1997. (Claiming copyrights even to the writings of Paine, Madison, Tocqueville, Mill, etc.! – JZ), p.346. - PERMISSIVENESS & PERSONAL LIBERTY

CAPITALISM: By their very nature, government offices and state undertakings are never, even in the simplest matters, as well and as economically managed as a private business run for profit; inevitably, they are controlled by routine and red tape. Since taxation pays for government enterprises, the ever-widening scope of government activity takes more money from the private sector and slowly but surely strangles it. Whereas the capitalist pays for his own mistakes, the government official throws the costs on the taxpayer." - D. A. Johnson, Comprehension and Clear Thinking.

CAPITALISM: capitalism - i.e., unhampered markets and private ownership of the means of production ..." - Henry Hazlitt, Can We Keep Free Enterprise? p.14. – Labour, knowledge, skills and intelligence are also means of production but do remain, by their very nature, self-owned. – JZ, 28.1.13.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism - system on the point of collapse owing to its creation of mass poverty; also reprehensible on the grounds of corrupting the masses with too many consumer goods." - Kingsly Amis & Robert Conquest. – JOKES, , POVERTY, CONSUMERISM

CAPITALISM: capitalism - which means free enterprise -which means economic freedom - which means, in fact, the whole of human freedom." - Henry Hazlitt, Can we keep Free Enterprise? p.15. – There is more to human freedom than economic freedom. However, without economic freedom freedom is incomplete. – JZ, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism , ... man's greatest gift to mankind." - Pauline Russell, REASON, 4/74.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism ‘an economic system in which the instruments of production are owned by private individuals who operate them for their personal profit... and where goods and services are exchanged by free trade on a free market.’ - is the only economic system characterised by justice and honesty.” - Nathaniel Branden, OBJECTIVIST NEWSLETTER, June 1963.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism (in the popular and derogatory sense now commonly used) is really a condition which inevitably results when most people are either incapable or unwilling to properly look after their own economic affairs, show even a lack of interest in them, i.e. they remain willingly in dependent positions (which they attempt to justify with an abundance of prejudices and myths). They leave economic and personal independence to comparatively small numbers of people, often those who tend to pursue quite single-mindedly power and wealth, an aim which under these conditions can often be done most easily at the expense of the majority of economically immature people. - "For every tyrant a thousand ready slaves." - First part free after remarks made by U. von Beckerath. - JZ

CAPITALISM: Capitalism and Freedom: Without one, you can't have the other." - Mark Tier, in THE AUSTRALIAN, 12.10.74.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism as practised today: a condition where most people are ignorant concerning their own and other people's economic affairs and not even interested in obtaining the knowledge required for economic exchange and production. - Ideally, an economic system without artificial market restrictions - a laissez faire economy based on free competition even in the monetary sphere. - U. von Beckerath and JZ

CAPITALISM: Capitalism believes that every person deserves an opportunity. 'All men are create equal' in terms of opportunity, but people are not equal - nor should they be. How dull a world in which nobody could outrun anybody! Competition is a good thing, no matter how much people try to avoid it. Equality and liberty are contradictory. Capitalism chooses liberty!” - Perry E. Gresham, THE FREEMAN, 3/77.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism can be proud of whatever capitalism there was already. Can socialists be similarly proud of whatever State-socialism there was already? - JZ

CAPITALISM: Capitalism created the possibility of employment. It created the conditions wherein people who have not been endowed by their parents with the tools and land needed to maintain themselves and their offspring, could be so equipped by others, to their mutual benefit. For the process enabled people to live poorly, and to have children, who otherwise, without the opportunity for productive work, could hardly even have grown to maturity and multiplied: it brought into being and kept millions alive who otherwise would not have lived at all and who, if they had lived for a time, could not have afforded to procreate. In this way the poor benefited more from the process. Karl Marx was thus right to claim that 'capitalism' created the proletariat: it gave and gives them life. - Thus the whole idea that the rich wrested away from the poor what, without such acts of violence would, or at least might, belong to them, is absurd." - Hayek, The Fatal Conceit, p.123/24. - What is not absurd is that, under the rule of an exclusive and all too scarce currency, much of the capital tends to accumulate in a few hands and all too many people remain all too often unemployed or can sell their labour only at emergency sales prices, or at lower prices than they could readily get on a completely liberated market. - JZ, 25.4.94, 30.9.02. – All the numerous advocates and practitioners of the presently still all too incomplete capitalism have not yet managed to advocate and introduce full monetary and financial freedom, fully Free Trade and full free enterprise and consumer sovereignty, freedom of association and freedom of contract when it comes to whole economic, political and social systems. Here, they, too, do mostly still wear blinders – and are not even aware of this. – JZ, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism dehumanises!" - ??? And, presumably, slave labour liberates the human spirit??? - Capitalism doesn't dehumanise. The contrary is true - because its individual rights approach is the only among the economic systems that is based on human nature. - JZ - However, that kind of monopolism and mixed economy that is commonly called "capitalism", although it has all too few features of a free or laissez faire economy, does, indeed, not release all the best features in human nature and to that extent it may be said to dehumanise us, turn us merely into subjects and subordinate employees. It is the capitalism of a few instead of the capitalism of the many or of all. Although much more productive than greater degrees of state socialism are, it is not as free and productive as it could and should be. - Capitalism, as Ayn Rand said, is still "the unknown ideal" - JZ, 30.9.02.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism denies the right of government to take the property of a private citizen at will, or to tax away his livelihood at will, or to tell him when and where he must work or how and where he must live. Capitalism is built on the firm foundation of individual liberty." – Perry E. Gresham, THE FREEMAN, 3/77.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism did not arise because capitalists stole the land or the workmen's tools, but because it was more efficient than feudalism." - J. B. S. Haldane: I Believe. (He goes on to state that socialism would be more efficient and capitalism self-destructive! - JZ) –

CAPITALISM: Capitalism doesn't dehumanise. On the contrary, its individual rights approach is the only one based on human nature.” – Source? Ayn Rand? – Has its individual rights approach been completed as yet, starting with the attempt to finally compile an ideal declaration of all individual rights and liberties? – JZ, 6.11.10. -

CAPITALISM: Capitalism gives a poor person an opportunity to become rich. It does not lock people into the condition of poverty. It calls on every individual to help his neighbor, but not to pauperise him with making him dependent. Independence for every person is the capitalist ideal. - When a person contracts to work for a day, a week, or a month before he is paid, he is practising capitalism. It is a series of contracts for transactions to be completed in the future. Capitalism is promise and fulfilment." - Perry E. Gresham, THE FREEMAN, 3/77. – It has not yet fulfilled its latent promise to provide full monetary and financial freedom as well and a complete declaration of all individual rights and liberties, including all other economic rights and liberties. – Too busy to make a buck – only in form of the State’s forced monopoly money, to explore all freedom options and to publish them sufficiently. - JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism has ... a precise meaning: that you, and nobody else owns your life. Your 'means of production' are yours." - Mark Tier, THE AUSTRALIAN, 12.10.74.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism has created the highest standard of living ever known on earth. The evidence is incontrovertible. The contrast between West and East Berlin is the latest demonstration, like a laboratory experiment for all to see. Yet those who are loudest in proclaiming their desire to eliminate poverty are loudest in denouncing capitalism. Man's well-being is not their goal.” – Ayn Rand, Theory and Practice. – Alas, free enterprise capitalism or laissez faire economics was only very fractionally realized in West Berlin, where I grew up. If it had been complete, the communist regimes would have collapsed much earlier. The contrast would have been so great that almost no one would have overlooked it. Due to monetary despotism up to one third of all West Berlin adults, able and willing to work, were unemployed for a period! Hardly a sign for complete free enterprise, free trade and capitalism, including free note-issuing banking. – JZ, 3.1.08. -  Nizam Ahmad shared Capitalism's photo. - I experienced poverty and insufficient liberty and rights in West Berlin, too, until I left in 1959.  It, too, was all too much ruled or misruled by State Socialists! – I left when there was a real danger that it would come under the rule of totalitarian communists. -  JZ, 26.10.12. - & ANTI-CAPITALISM, STATISM, STATE SOCIALISM, BENEVOLENCE? WEALTH, PROSPERTY, WEST BERLIN, EAST BERLIN STANDARD OF LIVING

CAPITALISM: Capitalism has exhibited a phenomenal ability to provide what consumers demand. It has consistently outperformed socialism." - Taber, in TIME, 21.4.80. – I doubt that the present forms of capitalism, mostly hierarchically organized, could outperform all forms of voluntary or cooperative socialism, which would realized capitalist incentives even down to the lowliest worker in an enterprise, replacing the capitalism of a few by the capitalism of the many. – JZ, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism has improved the standard of living of the wage earner to an unprecedented extent. The average American family enjoys today amenities of which, only a hundred years ago, not even the richest nabobs dreamed. All this well-being is conditioned by the increase in savings and capital accumulated; without these funds that enable business to make practical use of scientific and technological progress, the American worker would not produce more and better things per hour of work than the Asiatic coolies, would not earn more and would, like them, wretchedly live on the verge of starvation. All measures which - like our income and corporation tax system - aim at preventing further capital accumulation or even a capital decumulation are therefore virtually anti-labour and anti-social." – Ludwig von Mises, Planning for Freedom, p.160. – The false assumption here is that capitalism had already been fully and freely applied in all spheres. In the monetary sphere even Mises would not permit it but insisted on his kind of exclusive gold standard currency, confining all exchange of millions of different commodities and services between billions of people to those which could be mediated by exchange media covered by a single commodity, namely gold. – He did not realize that while gold weight units, in coin or certificate form, are good as value standards they are not good enough as exclusive exchange media. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism has the rich and the poor; Communism the poor and the poorer." – Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought, 13. – To the extent that capitalism can be freely practised the number of poor is ever-diminishing. To the extent that Statism prevails, they become ever more numerous. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is 'the only efficient producer'; East Germany 'is a former capitalist economy wrecked by socialism'; agriculture in the U.S., where supposedly the worker is exploited, is vastly more productive than in the Soviet Union. 'and let no one tell us about the American 'head start'. That shoe is on the other foot: in 1900 Russian agriculture was more productive than American agriculture.'" - Joan Kennedy Taylor, LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, on J. F. Revel: The Totalitarian Temptation. - By what standards was the 1900 Russian peasant more efficient? Presumably only in produce achieved per acre, by a very labour-intensive cultivation, which would not have paid for itself in the U.S. due to the higher wages there. - JZ, 20.7.84. – Nor should we forget that the USSR was efficient in producing weapons and rockets, i.e. the things that really mattered to this regime. – Also as a terror and mass murder regime, exploiting millions of slave laborers and keeping itself in the saddle and expanding its empire for all too long, largely by official terrorism. - JZ, 14.11.08, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is 'the unknown ideal' according to Ayn Rand and the largely 'unknowable' ideal according to F. A. Hayek. - JZ, 1.10.89. – Nobody can come to know all aspects and phenomena of a really free market, because uncounted different ideas, actions, methods, products and processes as well as billions of unique people are involved - and freedom. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is a belief that nobody is wise enough and knows enough to control the lives of other people. When each person buys, sells, consumes, produces, saves, and spends at will, what Leonard Read calls 'the miracle of the market' enables everyone to benefit." - Perry E. Gresham, in THE FREEMAN, 3/77.

CAPITALISM: capitalism is a profoundly permissive society, permitting human beings to do anything they wish, anything they choose, so long as they accept the consequences and do not violate the rights of others." - D. Shapiro, LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, 3/79, 21. – As if it included already panarchism or full experimental freedom for all political, economic and social systems for all of their volunteers! Only few of the anarcho-capitalists are in favour of that and then, usually, not explicitly so, that they remain favourite hate objects for most statists. Since most statists strongly disagree with each other – just see the continuing party struggles, they could be turned into allies of libertarians, if libertarians, including anarcho-capitalists, advocated full experimental freedom for all varieties of statists, too, but also only on the basis of full exterritorial autonomy for like-minded volunteers. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is a scheme for peaceful nations." – Ludwig von Mises, Human Action.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is a social system founded on the principle of private ownership and voluntary exchange." - D. T. Armentano, REASON, Jan. 72. – If only the present form of capitalism had applied it as far as possible and desirable! – JZ, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is a system in which the surpluses of current production over present standard of living requirements are used to further increase the general standard of living. – Source?

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is a system under which everybody has the chance of acquiring wealth; it gives everybody unlimited opportunity." – Ludwig von Mises, Bureaucracy. – Not quite unlimited: Always limited by one’s ability and willingness to work productively or creatively. – JZ, 14.11.08. – Today it has also to try to work everywhere under monetary and financial despotism as well as territorialism and does not yet systematically fight either of these. – JZ, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is a system which distributes power to the worker, the young, the consumer and the disadvantaged, by offering freedom for voluntary organisation, dissent, change, choice and political preference, without hindrance from the police power of government." - Perry E. Gresham, THE FREEMAN, 3/77. – It has not yet explored, experimented with and applied all that can and should be learnt from self-management schemes. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is an economic system which believes, with Locke and Jefferson, that life, liberty, and property are among the inalienable rights of man." - Perry E. Gresham, THE FREEMAN, 3/77. – So, why has it as yet not produced an ideal and complete declaration of individual rights and liberties? Including all the monetary and financial rights and liberties? Why have neither its promoters nor its beneficiaries or its supposed victims managed to produce such a declaration or shown even sufficient interest to collaborate in an effort to produce it? – JZ, 14.11.08. - That is like calling a half naked person a fully dressed one. – JZ, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is based on individual rights - not on the sacrifice of the individual to the 'public good' of the collective..." - Ayn Rand, quoted in THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 23.3.76. – Even she did not realize how far a fully developed capitalism could and should go. For instance, she attacked as absurd the notion of “competing governments” or voluntary governments and societies, all exterritorially autonomous, because the completely misunderstood it. – Was it a sufficient excuse for her that many other libertarians and laissez-faire advocates do also and still not understand this extension of our liberties and rights? – Roy Childs and myself tried in vain to correct her views on this. She stuck by them and never bothers to reply to our criticism, either. Have most of the Objectivists changed their position on this, by now? I very much doubt it but would welcome every exception. – Have all the remaining significant errors of Ayn Rand in the meantime been collected, thoroughly refuted and made sufficiently accessible to anyone interested? Those, who really love all of her many good points (I am one of them, so was Childs) should be among the first to provide such a service, rather than merely adhere to her views like religious people do to the views of their prophets. - JZ, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is based on the exploitation of capital, not of labour! - JZ, 25.12.1979. - This applies even if one defines capital as "pre-done labour". For "pre-done labour" is responsible for an ever larger share in the total output while it tends to get an ever smaller return from its input, while current labour, responsible for an ever smaller share in the total output, tends to get an ever larger return from its input. Already Bastiat saw and described this relationship and development clearly. - JZ, 22.4.94. - For most firms it can be clearly proven by their income and expenditure statements. Except in a few firms with a huge capital input per head, returns to labour amount usually to 85-95% of the earnings of a firm and returns to capital only to 5-15% and the latter have to cover also the losses of some years. - JZ, 29.9.02. – Perhaps there is a simple explanation for this phenomenon of increasing productivity of capital and relatively small returns for it in form of profits, interest and dividends. Capital, almost like gold, can be almost indefinitely accumulated and to that extent multiplied in quantity over the centuries. Labor cannot be so accumulated. It is always confined to those living and sufficiently – and sufficiently educated or trained, often expensively, to be useful in production. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is being abused. There are no abuses of capitalism. - JZ, 73. – Provided capitalism is completely realized, instead of merely fractionally, as has happened so far. – JZ, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is belief in man - an assumption that prosperity and happiness are best achieved when each person lives by his own will and his own intelligence. Each person is a responsible citizen." – Perry E. Gresham, THE FREEMAN, 3/77. – He should be but is he? – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is characterised by the institution of private ownership in the means of production combined with the market mechanism as a means of economic coordination.” – Source?

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is color-blind. Black, brown, yellow, red and white are alike in the market place. A person is regarded for his ability rather than his race. Economic rewards in the market place, like honor and acclaim on the playing field, are proportionate to performance. The person who has the most skill, ability and ingenuity to produce is paid accordingly by the people who value and need his goods and services." - Perry E. Gresham, THE FREEMAN, 3/77, p.54. – That ideal cannot be fully realized as long as production and exchange remain organized largely in hierarchical forms only. – Very much remains to be done in the sphere of “organization development” – just like it remains to be done in order to replace territorial organizations by exterritorially autonomous ones, all only freely chosen by volunteers for themselves. – JZ, 14.11.08. – HIERARCHIES, TERRITORIALISM, SELF-MANAGEMENT & PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM & EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is Good, Corporatism is EVIL." - Wall Photos – Corporatism is only to be condemned when it is based upon legalized territorial monopolies or privileges. Those who individually choose such arrangements for their own affairs only have no reason to complain about them and deserve the results. – JZ, 7.1.13. - VS. CORPORATISM OR CRONY CAPITALISM OR MONOPOLY CAPITALISM

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is in force because it gives security not only of property but of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness - of the spoken and written word of promise, along with likelihood of performance. It thus makes credit possible and gives character something to work on. It constitutes, as it were, the civil and commercial organisation of faith." - J. R. Commons.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is man's speciality, just as his cerebrum is." - T. H. White, The Book of Merlin, p.28.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is merely a name for freedom in the economic sphere." – Henry Hazlitt, Time Will Run Back, V. – How many are aware and thus demand that it would have to include full monetary and financial freedom, e.g. free banking, freedom in clearing and voluntary taxation or contribution schemes only? Also that it ought to be extended to the enterprise of providing the option of different economic, social and political systems – for their remaining volunteers. – JZ, 14.11.08. – FREE BANKING, PANARCHISM, FREE MARKET MONIES

CAPITALISM: capitalism is not being tried on the question of its rationality, of its success. It is being tried on a different set of criteria. 'If capitalism is to survive,' Schumpeter says, 'it must defend itself in the arena of values and emotions.' “- B. R. Rogge, in Champions of Freedom, p.36. – Slogans like: “Capitalism for consenting adults and also socialism for consenting adults!” could come to successfully appeal to the great variety of socialists as well. – JZ, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: capitalism is not the cause of the world's woes - government is - and laissez - faire capitalism is the only solution to those problems.” - Mark Tier, in THE AUSTRALIAN, 12.10.74. - The panarchistic option of voluntary and exterritorial autonomy for all individuals does offer them liberties or “social reforms” to any degrees which they are ready to adopt for themselves and their own affairs, among like-minded volunteers, as long as they to not attempt to impose them upon any dissenters by anything but merely attempts to persuade others while demonstrating the own supposed truths to them, at the own risk and expense. - JZ, 24.4.94, 14.11.08, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is not the system of the past; it is the system of the future - if mankind is to have a future." - Ayn Rand, The Virtue of Selfishness, p.33. - In a truly free future everybody can have the future which he himself has chosen for himself, at his own risk and expense, not only any of those futures which some praise and others attack as capitalist futures. Individual FREE choice, that's where it's at! - JZ, 24.4.94.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is nothing else than the name for the act of investment. And, therefore, there are as many different capitalisms as there are different sorts of investment." - A. M. Woodbury, Aquinas Academy, Sydney. – As of investments would not have to be preceded e.g. by the option to produce and sell profitably and to save as much as one can or wants to, under as full freedom of production and exchange as possible. – JZ, 28.1.13.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is now also widely blamed as a “killer” or polluter of plants, trees, animals and fish. What is overlooked is how many plants, trees, even flowers, animals and fish it grows, and also that these are precisely those that its customers, including most of its critics, want most and are willing to pay for. – JZ, 6.7.95, 23.9.08, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is relatively new in human history. Prior to capitalism, the way people amassed great wealth was by looting, plundering, and enslaving their fellow man. Capitalism made it possible to become wealthy by serving your fellow man. – Walter E. Williams, quoted by Michael AtlasMovie Brown shared Samantha Erin's photo. – Facebook, 17.4.12.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is relatively new in human history. Prior to capitalism, the way people amassed great wealth was by looting, plundering, and enslaving their fellow man. Capitalism made it possible to become wealthy by serving your fellow man. Capitalists seek to find what people want and produce and market it as efficiently as possible.” - Walter E. Williams, More Liberty Means Less Government. Our Founders Knew This Well, Hoover Institution Press, 1999, – p.248. –

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is superior to socialism by a very simple test: It has room for all kinds of socialist experiments while socialism cannot stand the free competition by capitalistic minded groups and thus has to outlaw them. - JZ, 73. – Alas, most capitalists, free market, laissez-faire, freedom of contract, freedom of  association, freedom to experiment and free enterprise advocates do not yet advocate quite explicitly, fully free enterprise or experimental freedom even for the systems of their opponents. If they did so, they would have many less opponents and could achieve a fully free capitalism among themselves much sooner. – JZ, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is the economic system in a free society whereby the concentration of privately owned wealth as well as existing capital goods such as machinery, tools, industrial plant and real estate (unobstructed by government) is directed toward the increasingly efficient production of further goods and services for sale on a free, competitive market." - Byron Prouton, Sydney, ca. 1975. – An even wider and market-like as well as propertarians distribution of productive capital would not be even more productive than the present concentration of it in the hands of only a fraction of the total population. A worker who works for himself rather than, partly, for a boss, in a dependent position, tends to be more productive or as productive as he can be or wants to be, after preparing himself for that. – A decentralized capitalism is even better. - JZ, 28.1.13.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is the economy of production and as such admits of a virtually unlimited production which in its turn calls for a market that is also unlimited." - Ortega Y Gasset, Concord and Liberty, 26.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is the enemy of enforced homogeneity. It thrives on and also promotes difference and individuality.” - Margaret Thatcher, Statecraft, 2002, HarperCollins, – p.421. – But not under e.g. taxation, any degree of protectionism, central banking or in the employer-employee-relationship, neither of which are essential features of free enterprise and free exchange capitalism or laissez-faire, laissez-passer economics. – It has not yet clearly advocated: Any degree of capitalism and any degree of statism – but all only for their volunteers! - JZ, 8.10.07, 6.11.10. - DIVERSITY, INDIVIDUALISM

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is the incapability of most men to look after their own economic affairs - combined with extreme indifference towards them." - Ulrich von Beckerath. - In other words, what is today wrongly called and cursed as "capitalism" is largely the result of the remaining slave mentality of most employees, unwilling to study economics enough to utilise all their chances in what already exist of a free market and all the chances and opportunities they would gain if they established a fully free market first and used it to acquire productive capital themselves, in self-managed enterprises. - JZ, 25.4.94, 13.11.08.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is the most "social" system. All others turn out to be more or less anti-social. - JZ, 9/73.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is the only economic system respecting individual economic rights. – Source? – Alas, even the advocates of laissez-faire capitalism do not yet, as a rule, recognize all individual rights and liberties, e.g. the monetary ones and those, individual rights and individual secessionism, combined with individual sovereignty and complete consumer sovereignty, that would lead to panarchism. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: capitalism is the only politico-economic system consonant with man's nature." - Mark Tier, THE AUSTRALIAN, 12.10.74. - Panarchies do not only allow for man's basic nature but also for his diverse faiths, convictions, myths, errors, customs etc., all at his expense and all with the tendency to become educational experiments, and as such to be as much progress promoting as experiments were in natural science and technology. Even the most just and efficient system should not be forced upon any peaceful dissenter. People aware of how much hatred religious differences and ideological ones e.g. on "capitalism" or wrong notions on capitalism, have inspired, should become at last aware of that. - JZ, 24.4.94. – If it were as much in agreement with man’s nature then it would have been generally realized long ago. – But even the participants in many free exchanges, using one or the other kind of money or clearing, have in most cases not yet fully understood money, clearing and the free market but still hold many wrong views, on pricing, wages, profits, interest, credit, money and clearing and remain unaware of all too many genuine individual rights and liberties. A perfect declaration of individual rights and liberties does not come natural to them, does not even interest most people. I do not even know of a single person among anarchists and libertarians, to whom this would be an attractive project! – So where is Mark Tier’s assumed human nature in this respect? - JZ, 14.11.08. – Alas, so far, in spite of their common human nature, most people are still statists and anti-capitalists in their ideology. The business of trying to spread free enterprise and free exchange capitalism should take this fact sufficiently into consideration with all its realization platforms and proposals. – Anarcho-capitalists have so far also failed to at least attempt to provide an ideal declaration of all genuine human rights and liberties, corresponding to human nature and including all economic rights as well, and a handbook on full monetary and financial freedom (including voluntary taxation), which has not helped them in their struggles with the territorial statists. – If they clearly took the position: To each the government or non-governmental system of its own choice and used the effectiveness of capitalist advertising and publicity for such ideas, then and thus they could almost disarm and dissolve the resistance and institutions of territorial statists, actually by releasing the numerous strong centrifugal forces among them and letting all of them mind their own business, as well as they can, quite freely, until their own failures and mistakes would, finally, free them of their remaining errors and prejudices. Then they could be easily signed up as new members by capitalist communities and societies. But not before! - JZ, 6.11.10. – ANARCHO CAPITALISM, FREE MARKET, FREE ENTERPRISE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, SOCIALISM, STATISM

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is the only system in which rewards re-allocated in accordance with purely objective rational law. In a true capitalistic society, there are no slaves or masters, and happiness is no longer tied to guilt under a destructive code of self-sacrifice." - Nathaniel Branden, OBJECTIVIST NEWSLETTER.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is the only system that can be defended and validated by reason.” - Ayn Rand in PLAYBOY interview. - REASON

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is the system of individual freedom and private property in production as well as in consumption...." - Hans F. Sennholz, THE FREEMAN, August 72.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is the ultimate wetback. It goes wherever there are the best opportunities.” – Heard on the Jeannette Allen Show, also sold on “non-profit” videos, due to the restrictions imposed by the broadcasters, in Tucson, 8.4.1990. – Uttered by either of the participants: James Joseph Sanchos or Jack Curlin. – JZ – WETBACKS, IMMIGRATION

CAPITALISM: Capitalism is the Unknown Ideal." - Ayn Rand.

CAPITALISM: capitalism itself has contributed more than any other system to the prosperity of the common man." - Daniel Carl Peterson, THE FREEMAN, 3/77.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism makes capitalists! – JZ, no date, after reading Russell Lewis: “Socialism makes Socialists.” In “1985, An Escape from Orwell’s 1984”, p.63. The Soviet type of “state socialism” produced many anticommunists. Some of them managed to escape that “worker’s paradise” – JZ, 12.11.08.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism makes every person a trustee of what he has. It appoints him general manager of his own life and property, and it holds him responsible for that trusteeship." – Perry E. Gresham, THE FREEMAN, 3/77. - Alas, all too many are bad entrepreneurs or businessmen and insufficiently trained as productive partners or co-operators. - JZ, 22.4.94. – The hierarchically organized employer-employee relationship cannot fully realize this ideal. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism makes profits, socialism makes losses. - Which do you prefer for yourself? - JZ, 8/73.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism may not be culture-blind, but it is colour-blind. Prejudice stands no chance in a free economy, because it leads eventually to poverty. There is nothing mysterious about this. It is simply another way of restating Adam Smith’s famous argument. Precisely because we do not make economic transactions ‘from benevolence’, we are most likely to refrain from making them ‘from malevolence’. Whether manufactured by black, white, brown or yellow hands, a widget remains a widget – and it will be bought anywhere if the price and quality are right. The market is a more powerful and more reliable liberating force than government can ever be.” - Margaret Thatcher, Statecraft, 2002, – p.421. HarperCollins, – CAPITALISM, RACISM, GENUINE, ITS FREE ECONOMY VS. PREJUDICES, ERRORS & MYTHS OF THE ANTI-CAPITALISM MENTALITY

CAPITALISM: Capitalism means exploitation!" - On the contrary. It means the multiplication of wealth by mass production for mass consumption. It is characterised by trade for mutual benefit in every sphere. - JZ – , EXPLOITATION

CAPITALISM: Capitalism might be defined as the economic interpretation of the ideal democratic theory." - Ernest Benn, Confessions of a Capitalist, p.180. - DEMOCRACY

CAPITALISM: capitalism needs to be supported unapologetically as a system in which one's own well-being has the best chance to flourish." - Tibor Machan, Liberty & Culture, p.144.

CAPITALISM: CAPITALISM OF THE MANY VS. THE CAPITALISM OF THE FEW: I favor the capitalism of the many, of almost everyone, vs. the capitalism of the few. – JZ, 17.8.07. – The change-over can be achieved by peaceful and businesslike take-over steps, gradually or via single take-over attempts, using all the financial options a free market would have to offer, e.g. repayment on terms, on a stable value basis, with interest rates and repayment rates largely or completely covered out of the additional productivity which can be achieved through a sensible employee-shareholding, partnership or cooperative production system. – JZ, 19.10.07. – The success of such take-over attempts would also be greatly facilitated through complete monetary freedom, which would help to assure their sales and the repayment of the debts from these business-like take-overs. – JZ, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: capitalism performs its miracles" and socialism exploits them! - JZ - Better: prevents them! - JZ, 29.9.02.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism should not be condemned, since we haven't had capitalism. A system of capitalism presumes sound money, not fiat money manipulated by a central bank. Capitalism cherishes voluntary contracts and interest rates that are determined by savings, not credit creation by a central bank. It's not capitalism when the system is plagued with incomprehensible rules regarding mergers, acquisitions, and stock sales, along with wage controls, price controls, protectionism, corporate subsidies, international management of trade, complex and punishing corporate taxes, privileged government contracts to the military-industrial complex, and a foreign policy controlled by corporate interests and overseas investments. (*) Add to this centralized federal mismanagement of farming, education, medicine, insurance, banking and welfare. This is not capitalism! ... Markets regulate better than governments can. Depending on government regulations to protect us significantly contributes to the bubble mentality." - Ron Paul – A much shorter version: Capitalism should not be condemned, since we haven’t had capitalism. – Ron Paul, quoted on Facebook, 3.8.12, by Nizam Ahmad sharing Anarcho-Capitalism's photo. – Also in  . - (*) This is much preferred to foreign policy determined only by addicts to territorial power.  – JZ, 30.3.12. - GENUINE, VS. TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTALISM

CAPITALISM: Capitalism stimulates, while communism stifles personal independence." - Thomas Szasz, Heresies, p.64.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism supplies men with the most suitable and cheapest tools to increase their productivity." - Source?

CAPITALISM: Capitalism uses previously accomplished and not yet rewarded labour to increase the output of current labour and, like every other labour, is entitled to its free market reward. - JZ, free after U. v. Beckerath.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism will kill competition", said Karl Marx. He overlooked that capitalism IS competition. - JZ, 75.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism will not provide human beings with happiness, if they do not know what will make them happy; it will not guarantee justice, if they do not know why justice is necessary; it will not protect them from the throes of materialism, if they wish to place products before people. These things fall within the scope of individual prerogative. What capitalism will do is provide human beings with the material means of survival and the freedom to improve their lives in accordance with their own wishes." – Richard W. Grant, The Incredible Bread Machine, 1966, p.168. Also in PEACE PLANS No. 1490. Is it online as yet? I searched for it today, 6.11.10 & Google offered more than 300,000 hints to it! The second last entry on the first page points out an online edition of an updated and shortened version. Perhaps the original is online as well. – JZ

CAPITALISM: Capitalism without failure is like religion without sin. Bankruptcies and losses concentrate the mind on prudent behavior.” – Allan H. Meltzer – They would be much rarer under full monetary and financial freedom. – We should not take all of them as inevitable features of laissez-faire capitalism. - JZ, 6.11.10. - FAILURES, BANKRUPTCIES, PROFIT & LOSS, PRUDENCE, FAILURES

CAPITALISM: Capitalism works - Socialism bludges." - David Taylor, 5.6.85. – Under the hierarchical employer-employee relationship a lot of bludging goes on, too, especially when the employees are unionized. – JZ, 14.11.08. – FEATHERBEDDING, UNIONS, EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP

CAPITALISM: Capitalism works and socialism merely socialises. - JZ, 6.12.76. – While this is true for most forms of socialism, of which there are at least 600 different definitions, it is hardly true for all kinds of voluntary and cooperative socialism, which amounts to a further development of capitalism, extending it to all present mere employees. – The variety of self-management schemes that are or were practised or proposed, is also astonishing, at least to me. – JZ, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism works to the advantage of consumer and worker alike." – Perry E. Gresham, THE FREEMAN, 3/77. – Only to the extent that it is allowed to work! – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism works, and most people are quite content to let it.” - Raymond Fletcher, in ENCOUNTER, Nov. 69. Quoted in Ralph Harris, Right Turn, p.17/18.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism, although far removed from being able to fulfil all human desires, is the only existing system which makes the fulfilment of these desires possible. It is not identical with democracy but it does not have to fear democracy. On the contrary, it flourishes best where it grants the greatest democratic liberties." - Hans Habe, Leben für den Journalismus, Bd. 4, S. 22. - He wrote once an article on capitalism, in the U.S., that gained thousands of letters to the editor. I would like to get a copy of this article. Perhaps someone has already put it online. - JZ, 30.9.02, 14.11.08. I have not yet made an online search for it.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism, in producing a rational climate, a belief in universality and in raising the material status of the worker, itself gives that worker the power to affect the system." - Schumpeter.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism, in short, treats each mature individual as an adult moral agent, not as a ward or subject of the state. - Tibor R. Machan - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism, Jack London wrote, has its own heaven (wealth) and its own hell (poverty). 'And the hell is real enough', he added, from bitter experience." - Robert Anton Wilson, The Illuminati Papers, p.30. - But pure and quite free capitalism does not force anyone into poverty but, instead, offers everyone many ways out of it, based on their own abilities and efforts. - JZ, 17.11.82. -We never had it as yet, as e.g. Ron Paul said. – JZ, 28.1.13.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism, says social philosopher Irving Kristol,' is based on private property, where normal economic activity consists of commercial transactions between consenting adults.'" - Taber, in TIME, 21.4.80.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism, the system of private property and free markets, is not only a system of freedom and natural justice - which tends in spite of exceptions to distribute rewards in accordance with production - but it is a great co-operative and creative system that has produced for our generation an affluence that our ancestors did not dare dream of." - Henry Hazlitt, The Future of Capitalism, in Towards Liberty. – Which other system has as its problem – widespread obesity? – JZ, 14.11.08. – Also numerous weight-watcher’s clubs and diets for slimming? – JZ, 14.11.08. - PRIVATE PROPERTY, FREE MARKETS, FREEDOM, NATURAL JUSTICE, COOPERATION, CREATIVITY, PRODUCTIVITY, POVERTY, WEALTH & AFFLUENCE

CAPITALISM: Capitalism, the system that relies on the maximum use of free markets and the minimum of government controls, is today being challenged as at no time since the Great Depression..." – Taber in TIME, 21.4.80.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism, to the extent that it represents a free market economy, i.e. free contractual relationships between individuals and voluntary groupings, is desirable. To the extent that it is still characterised or penetrated by legalized monopolies and private hierarchical structures, in which productive property and initiative are concentrated in only a few hands, it is not an example for a free market capitalism but, rather, of a still somewhat feudalistic economy, which is not sufficiently different from State socialism or State capitalism or from an over-centralised and all too monopolized or mixed economy. The capitalism of a few and thus somewhat privileged persons is not to be equated with a capitalism where most people are not capitalists, with capitalistic properties, incentives and responsibilities, apart from those of self-ownership, i.e. ownership of themselves as potentially very productive biological "robots". – However, there are over 10 million employers in the USA, extensively, although not yet quite freely competing with each other, so that employees have a large choice between them. Whatever still exists of class warfare there is largely due to the remaining infringements of basic individual rights and liberties, especially economic ones, for all, employers, employees (whether they are members of trade unions or not), savers, investors and financial institutions. All suffer e.g. from taxation, monetary despotism, numerous wrongful laws and regulations, passed under the false assumption that a really free market would not be sufficiently self-regulating. – A quite free economy would soon show most of the governmental, bureaucratic and trade union interventions to be quite superfluous. - JZ, 30.6.87, 25.4.94, 4.6.94, 14.11.08, 6.11.10, 28.1.12.

CAPITALISM: Capitalism, with its free mobility of labor, its right of voluntary contract, its emphasis on personal responsibility, and its supporting ethic of thrift and planning, opens new opportunities for men once locked in a far narrower universe economically..." - Gary North, THE FREEMAN, Aug. 74.

CAPITALISM: capitalism... that is freedom...." - Mrs. Young, in a manuscript on Ayn Rand, p.22. – Alas, no one has as yet fully experienced it. It is still, as Ayn Rand said in the title of one of her books, “the unknown ideal”. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: Capitalist economies have enabled the average laborer to reduce substantially his hours of work while multiplying ten-fold his access to food, shelter and consumer goods. Indeed, this process has been so successful that the critics of capitalism now indict it for creating too much consumer gratification.” – Joseph F. Johnston, Jr., The Limits of Government, Regnery Gateway, Chicago, 1984, p.119/20. – Including an over-weight problem! – JZ, 2.10.070. - WORKING HOURS & STANDARD OF LIVING, CONSUMERISM

CAPITALISM: Capitalist economies have solved the problem of providing an adequate food supply for their populations, which has been the insoluble dilemma of mankind since the dawn of human history. Very few non-capitalist nations have accomplished even this minimal task. Moreover, the capitalist nations perform this basic function far more efficiently: one-third of the population of the USSR is employed in agriculture, in contrast to less than 5 percent of the population in the USA. (*) In the USSR, 3 percent of the agricultural land which remains in private plots produces more than 25 percent of farm production.” – Joseph F. Johnston, Jr., The Limits of Government, Regnery Gateway, Chicago, 1984, p.119. (*) Others said that as little as 2 % of the U.S. population are working in agriculture. Are e.g. Mexican illegal immigrants included in the figures? – JZ, 9.10.07. - FOOD PRODUCTION

CAPITALISM: Capitalist Marx and socialist Smith - Business - - Properly organized partnerships, employee-shareholding, productive cooperatives, and autonomous work groups can be more capitalistic for every one of their members, from the manager to the lowest worker and also more socialistic in the best sense, i.e. that which is quite the opposite to any statism and compulsion. That would exclude e.g. coops run by egalitarians or religious charity types. (They are good enough only for their volunteers. – JZ, 11.10.11.) In Australia the three levels of governments probably still withhold capital from their victims to the tune of A$1million per head of the population. If this capital were equally distributed to its population and then productively used, all Australian could become even richer than 1 million per head. In the hands of governments it causes losses and is used as a motive to raise taxes even higher. See my PEACE PLANS 19c, which is online, as part of a CD at - JZ, on Facebook, 15.6.11, here slightly changed: JZ, 11.10.12. - VOLUNTARY INSTEAD OF STATE SOCIALISM, FREE ENTERPRISE, PARTNERSHIPS, PRODUCTIVE COOPS, SELF-MANAGEMENT SCHEMES VS. EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIPS OF THE HIERARCHICAL KIND

CAPITALISM: Capitalist society had no means of compelling a man to change his occupation or his place of work other than to reward those complying with the wants of consumers by higher pay." - Ludwig von Mises, Human Action.

CAPITALISM: Cartel capitalism inevitably gets into a sort of monolithic-economic-state condition, suffering from hardening of the cerebral arteries, and acute stasis. It become a sort of super-tribal system. It wants no change, sees no need for new inventions when everything is going so smoothly, etc. (*) – Competitive capitalism is something entirely different; the Commies are perfectly correct in saying that Monopoly Capitalism is bad for the world (**) … only the Marx-Lenin group never understood competitive capitalism, because they never encountered it at work.” (***) – John W. Campbell in: The John W. Campbell Letters, vol. 1, 1985 Eds.: Perry A. Chapdelaine, Sr., et al., AC Projects Inc., ISBN 0-931150-16-7, p.398. - - (*) Not so smoothly when one considers the consequences of state interventionism, e.g. monetary and financial despotism and the crises they cause. – (**) But never understood that their own State socialism or State Capitalism is the worst kind of Monopoly Capitalism. - - (***) Never in complete and consistent form, in all spheres, with free markets, laissez faire and tolerance in the monetary and financial sphere and even for the supply and use of political, economic and social systems by volunteers. - JZ, 28.9.07. - CARTEL CAPITALISM, MONOPOLY CAPITALISM, FREE ENTERPRISE CAPITALISM, LAISSEZ-FAIRE CAPITALISM, COMPETITIVE CAPITALISM

CAPITALISM: Charles Curley defined capitalism as encouraging the survival of the most helpful.” – L. Neil Smith, Converse & Conflict, p. 150.

CAPITALISM: Communism fails, socialism fails, so now there is only capitalism.” – Sirivat Voravetvulhikun, in: Thomas Friedman, The Lexus and the Olive Tree, p.102, Harper Collins Publishers, ISBN 0 00 655139 4 – I wish it were a genuine free enterprise and free exchange or laissez-faire or free-market capitalism, which, in so many ways, it is not. – JZ, 12.11.08. - COMMUNISM, SOCIALISM

CAPITALISM: Communism is a drag - it's like one big telephone company. Capitalism gives you a choice, baby, and that's where it's all." - Lenny Bruce. – COMMUNISM, CHOICE, MONOPOLISM

CAPITALISM: criticism of capitalism has reached a crescendo, even though what capitalism every really existed has virtually vanished." - Tibor Machan, Liberty & Culture, p.136.

CAPITALISM: Cursing capitalism feeds many a man in East and West." - Helmar Nahr. - Until most people finally become fed up with this kind of loose talk which does not feed or clothe the listeners. - JZ, 5.7.92.

CAPITALISM: Democracy is possible only within the framework of capitalism. This simple insight is made difficult through the fact that there a capitalism can exist without democracy but not a democracy without capitalism." - Hans Habe, Leben fuer den Journalismus, Bd. 4, S. 20.

CAPITALISM: Despite lingering doubts some may have about markets in welfare, a moment's reflection should satisfy all but the most prejudiced that no general system of centrally planned production or rationing of consumption could conceivably approach the material achievements that capitalism has conferred wherever the discovery procedure of individual enterprise has been free to search out and serve the myriad preferences of consumers.” - Ralph Harris, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Right Turn, p.17.

CAPITALISM: Despite the miracles of capitalism, it doesn’t do well in popularity polls. One of the reasons is that capitalism is always evaluated against the nonexistent utopias of socialism or communism. Any earthly system pales in comparison to utopias. But for the ordinary person, capitalism, with all of its warts, is superior to any system yet devised to deal with our everyday needs and desires.” - Walter E. Williams, More Liberty Means Less Government. Our Founders Knew This Well, Hoover Institution Press, 1999, – p.248. - - We ought to allow it to provide all “public services” as well, competitively, i.e., without any territorial monopoly. Then some real utopias might finally become developed. – JZ, 8.10.07.

CAPITALISM: Do we find in the masses the people with any real understanding of capitalism and any willingness to defend it? As Ortega put it in 'Revolt of the Masses', are they not really the spoiled beneficiaries of a process they neither understand nor appreciate?" - B. R. Rogge, in Champions of Freedom, p.44/45.

CAPITALISM: Do you really prefer bureaucratic, coercive, hierarchical and extremely despotic capitalism (state capitalism or state socialism) to competitive free-market capitalism or voluntary socialism, to capitalistic (not egalitarian) productive cooperatives, free contract work, work cooperatives, partnership, extensive employee-shareholding, the free enterprise capitalism of the many? - JZ, 26.7.82, 20.7.84.

CAPITALISM: Don't forget it was a capitalist country which said: "Give me your tired, your poor..." - JZ, 75.

CAPITALISM: each step away from capitalism (individualism, private ownership, and limited government) is a descent into barbarism, degradation, and irrationality." - Morgan O. Reynolds, THE FREEMAN, May 89. - Limited government is NOT a precondition for free enterprise capitalism. It can function very well without a limited government too, with all "functions" of a limited government supplied by competing free market agencies or competing governments, or other communities - with none of them possessing a territorial monopoly. The territorial monopoly of any supposedly "limited" government is actually a totalitarian feature. - JZ, 25.4.94. – LIMITED GOVERNMENT, FREE ENTERPRISE, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM

CAPITALISM: Early in the 20th century, Japan and Russia stood at approximately the same stage of economic development. Japan went the capitalist route (*) and acquired Asia's highest living standard. Russia went the communist path and has never produced consumer goods of quality or sufficient agricultural output." - George Taber, in TIME, 21.4.80. – (*) But Japan was and is still all too much mixed up with governmentalism, holding it back and involving it, somewhat, in major wars. - JZ

CAPITALISM: Empirically speaking, capitalism has justified itself in comparison with socialism (for the existence of which we have to be grateful in this one respect).” - Erik von Kuehnelt-Leddhin, THE FREEMAN, 11/72

CAPITALISM: Enjoy capitalism? Capitalism and myself, as well as all others, are still under uncounted and wrongful but legalized restraints. We are only allowed to enjoy the small, remaining and mostly private fractions of full capitalism. That is a major and legalized crime! - Facebook, 27.9.12. - John Zube

CAPITALISM: Even Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels wrote in the Communist Manifesto that capitalism 'during its rule of scarcely 100 years, has created more massive and more colossal productive forces than have all preceding generations together.'" - Taber, in TIME, 21.4.80.

CAPITALISM: Every libertarian believes that the market place and private capitalism provides the best method for producing and distributing goods and services. Individuals attracted to the libertarian position from the left will not use this terminology. They will favor private property, but reject the term 'capitalism' in any connotation. As they view it, capitalism invariably entails a political-industrial combine in which a limited few, protected and assisted by government, hold positions of arbitrary power and wealth." - Robert LeFevre, The Libertarian, 26. - They remain unaware that free market libertarians are opposed to that kind of capitalism, too. Some communist libertarians pretend to be in favour of all kinds of voluntarism - but still they draw the line before 'voluntary capitalism', which in their terms is a contradiction in terms. Sometimes you can argue with them as little as with a wrongly programmed computer. - JZ, 20.7.84.

CAPITALISM: For example, here in America the argument is often made that the success of capitalism was really due, not to capitalism, but to the virgin land and other natural resources that were here to be exploited. Schumpeter notes that these were but objective possibilities waiting to be exploited under the agency of capitalism. I might add that some million or so Indians lived lives of severe economic privation on top of those same resources in an area where over two hundred million now live lives of Galbraithian affluence. In the same way, the technological revolution of the last two hundred years has not been a historical accident, but according to Schumpeter, a predictable concomitance of capitalism." - B. R. Rogge, in Champions of Freedom, p.27/28. –

CAPITALISM: For Say, the facility of amassing capital was one of the causes of indefinite human perfectibility." - JLS, Sum. 77, p.155. – I underlined “one”. – JZ

CAPITALISM: Free-market capitalism and big-business politics are not the same thing. They couldn't be more different, but people confuse them all the time." - James P. Hogan, Mirror Maze, p.115.

CAPITALISM: Free-market capitalism is a network of free and voluntary exchanges in which producers work, produce, and exchange their products for the products of others through prices voluntarily arrived at." - Murray N. Rothbard - quoted by Luca Fusari on Facebook, 6.3.12. – It works well ONLY if there is at least also full monetary and financial freedom. Free trade and free migration would be helpful, too. – JZ, 6.3.12. - FREE MARKET CAPITALISM, LAISSEZ FAIRE, FREE ENTERPRISE, FREE EXCHANGE, MONETARY FREEDOM

CAPITALISM: free-market capitalism is the only reliable basis for progress.” - Margaret Thatcher, Statecraft, 2002, – p.414. HarperCollins, – Alas, she, too, did not include full monetary and financial freedom in her definition of capitalism and thus did not even try to introduce it in the U.K. while she had the chance. – JZ, 6.11.10. -

CAPITALISM: From each as they choose, to each as they are chosen." - Nozick, State, Anarchy and Utopia, 1974, p.160.

CAPITALISM: Genuine free-enterprise capitalism, based on voluntary exchange. It's not only defensible. It's morally superior to anything else you can name." - James P. Hogan, The Mirror Maze, p. 173.

CAPITALISM: Give capitalism a chance." - Peter Robinson, NATIONAL TIMES, 23.9.78.Only for its volunteers. It is bound to spread from them. In the meantime also any kind of statism for its volunteers!JZ, 14.11.08. – PANARCHISM.

CAPITALISM: History suggests that capitalism is a necessary condition for political freedom. – Milton Friedman – Political freedom includes also the freedom for opponents of what they call capitalism to do their own things – TO THEMSELVES! – JZ, 4.4.12. - POLITICAL FREEDOM & PANARCHISM

CAPITALISM: History suggests that capitalism is a necessary condition for political freedom.” – Milton Friedman. – Territorial political freedom is a quite insufficient political freedom. It does not include free choice for individuals of political, economic and social systems but at most free choice for the majority of territorial masters over the population. – JZ, 3.1.08. & POLITICAL FREEDOM

CAPITALISM: History suggests that capitalism is a necessary condition for political freedom. Clearly, it is not a sufficient condition." - Milton Friedman, Capitalism and Freedom. - It would be - if it were extended to all workers and to all government services. - JZ, 20.6.92. – Only under panarchism would also the latter be quite competitively supplied – in whatever package deals are wanted by the volunteers of exterritorially autonomous communities, societies and voluntary and competing governments. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: How many different kinds of capitalism are there? There is e.g. a legalized monopoly capitalism, the capitalism of a few vs. the capitalism of the many (In one form also called “pension-fund socialism” and in another “voluntary socialism” or “cooperative socialism”.). There is the free enterprise or laissez-faire capitalism of relatively many entrepreneurs (In the USA may be by now 20 million – if what is left there of free enterprise and laissez-faire still deserves such terms!) as opposed to the monopoly or State capitalism of a few political and bureaucratic leaders. There are the forms of supposedly free market capitalism that are still lacking e.g. full monetary and financial freedom vs. the still only proposed and imagined forms of free market capitalism which include these liberties as well. There is the State capitalism based upon part to 100% nationalization vs. the State socialism that uses controls and regulations, taxes, central planning, quotas etc., while nominally still leaving private owners in charge. There is pure capitalism, as an unknown ideal (Ayn Rand’s description of it), vs. the all too limited capitalism of the mixed economy of the welfare State. (Usually being accused of causing all the wrongs and evils actually caused by its mostly not freely chosen but imposed partner, the territorial government.) There is capitalism with legal privileges, subsidies and official incentives and capitalism which relies merely on the natural incentives of truly economic activities. There is capitalism still based upon the ancient employer-employee relationships and capitalism which utilizes all the self-management options. There is capitalism territorial practised voluntarily or imposed territorially, just like statism can be imposed territorially - and capitalism that is tolerantly and panarchistically practised only by its own voluntary followers under personal laws and exterritorial autonomy, i.e. under full experimental freedom. How many other or derived forms are there? Have they as yet been sufficiently tabulated and described? Perhaps they should be listed as capitalism (1) to capitalism (n) and the term should always be used in connection with such a well published list?- JZ, 22.9.08.

CAPITALISM: I am an advocate of laissez-faire capitalism, of individual rights – there are no others – of individual freedom. It is on this ground that I oppose any doctrine which proposes the sacrifice of the individual to the collective, such as communism, socialism, the welfare state, fascism, Nazism and modern liberalism. I oppose the conservatives on the same ground. The conservatives are advocates of a mixed economy and of a welfare state. Their difference from the liberals is only one of degree, not of principle.” – Ayn Rand in PLAYBOY interview. - I am an advocate of full laissez faire capitalism, of individual rights - there are no others - of individual freedom." - Ayn Rand, in PLAYBOY interview.  - Except e.g., when it comes to competing governments, monetary freedom and non-hierarchical structures for enterprises. - JZ, 24.4.94. – AYN RAND’S CAPITALISM, OBJECTIVISMLAISSEZ FAIRE, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS

CAPITALISM: I believe totally in a Capitalist System, I only wish that someone would try it. – Frank Lloyed Wright, quoted by Michael AtlasMovie Brown shared Crony Capitalism is Phony Capitalism's photo. – Facebook, 17.4.12. = FREE ENTERPRISE CAPITALISM VS. CRONY CAPITALISM OR STATE CAPITALISM

CAPITALISM: I cannot but admire the courage with which you keep on repeating the altogether false idea that capitalism is responsible for poverty. It would be just as sensible to say that food is responsible for hunger, or that literature is the cause of illiteracy. Capitalism can never do anything but make wealth and distribute it, a process which gradually raises the standard of living for everybody." - Ernest Benn: The Case of Benn v. Maxton, p.141/42. – , POVERTY

CAPITALISM: I do not find a system immoral that provides an ever-widening choice of necessaries and luxuries to the citizenry at an ever-decreasing real cost." - Ridgway K. Foley, Jr., THE FREEMAN, 4/73. - Just compare the progress of computers and their software, their efficiencies and prices. - JZ, 24.4.94.

CAPITALISM: I don't know of a country in the world where freedom is left after capitalism is gone." - Margaret Thatcher, READER’S DIGEST, 6/77.

CAPITALISM: I favor the capitalism of the many, of almost everyone, vs. the capitalism of the few. – JZ, 17.8.07. – The change-over can be achieved by peaceful and businesslike take-over steps, gradually or fast, always business-like, quite rightful, by the employees, regarding the enterprises that they do work in, using all the financial options a free market would have to offer, e.g. repayment on terms, on a stable value basis, with interest rates and repayment rates largely or completely covered out of the additional productivity which can be achieved through a sensible employee-shareholding, partnership or cooperative production system. – JZ, 19.10.07. – CAPITALISM OF THE MANY VS. THE CAPITALISM OF THE FEW, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES ON TERMS, BY THEIR EMPLOYEES

CAPITALISM: I love capitalism. Think there’s a chance we’ll get it in America?J. Neil Schulman, - His books, quotes, articles, blogs and Facebook entries are online but copyrighted. - JOKES

CAPITALISM: If capitalism did not exist, it would be necessary to invent it." - Henry Hazlitt, Time Will Run Back, V. – Alas, it does not yet exist and never existed in full. One can only hope for it for our future. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: If each of us considered ourselves as capitalists, owning ourselves as "robots", who earn during our working lives e.g., $ 25,000 p.a. for 40 years, i.e. 1 million dollars, then we would not so readily submit to being exploited and conned by politicians and bureaucrats, for their benefits. Then we would, obviously, have a vested interest in seeing to it that every productive person becomes as free as possible or as free as he wants to be. We would become capitalists favouring free enterprise capitalism. - JZ, 15.2.94, 25.4.94.

CAPITALISM: If somebody earns $ 60,000 p.a., then this amounts to a return of 5% upon a working capital: his own labour and skill, of $ 1.2 million. This kind of self-ownership and self-exploitation is capitalism, too, although it is rarely considered as such by working people. If they enquired, they would find that even if self-employed people or employers owned $ 1.2 million in cash, and invested them in their own business, they would have to work pretty hard to make sure to get a return of 5% from it every year. Indeed, small businessmen work often longer hours than their employees do. And sometimes also for smaller returns. - JZ, 19.12.93, 25.4.94.

CAPITALISM: if the capitalist order is destroyed, what will replace it is not a socialist world at peace but a socialist world at total war." - D. M. Kulkarni, THE INDIAN LIBERTARIAN, May 75, p. 16.

CAPITALISM: If we are truly concerned for human welfare, if we really care for freedom in all its aspects, we must rediscover again what freedom and individual rights are all about. Socialism, be it left-wing, middle of the road, or right-wing, is not the answer. The answer I believe, was first put forth in my adopted country - the U.S. - where capitalism, in the brief period of its much maligned life, relieved more suffering, brought more wealth and yet, more happiness to more people than all the prophets, saints, politicians, statesmen, reformers, and do-gooders put together." - Eugene Guccione, Canberra address, Sep. 76. – Even there it was never fully realized, e.g. in the monetary sphere, for negroes and Red Indians. And the employee-employee relationship does not fully realize it, either, in its sphere. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: In a capitalist society, all human relationships are voluntary. Men are free to cooperate or not, to deal with one another or not, as their judgements, convictions and interests dictate." - Ayn Rand, quoted in THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 23.3.76. – Alas, she failed to apply this idea to competing governments of voluntary governments: exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers, under personal laws. – If she had, then to what extent would panarchism have been advanced by now? – JZ, 6.11.10. - VOLUNTARISM

CAPITALISM: In both domestic and foreign affairs it implies laissez faire, which means free trade and an open-door policy that welcomes everyone and discriminates against no one." - Hans F. Sennholz, THE FREEDOM, August, 72. - I do hope that rightful discrimination against private criminals with victims will be continued and expanded and that against official criminals, aggressors and oppressors will become very strong, armed, trained and well organized, too. - JZ, 24.4.94.

CAPITALISM: In capitalism the savings of all are made available to multiply the productivity of all producers to the maximum.” – Source?

CAPITALISM: In the chapter 'Why Socialism Doesn't Work', I explained by contrast how capitalism performs its miracles. It turns out the tens of thousands of diverse commodities and services in the proportions in which they are socially most wanted, and it solves this incredibly complex problem through the institutions of private property, the free market, and the existence of money - through the interrelations of supply and demand, costs and prices, profits and losses. And, of course, through the force of competition." - Henry Hazlitt, The Conquest of Poverty, p.233.

CAPITALISM: In traditional American capitalism, people are motivated, and are expected to be motivated, by the desire to 'keep up with the Joneses'. In modern Scandinavian socialism, they are motivated, and are expected to be motivated, by the desire to 'keep the Jacobsens from getting ahead of them.'" – Source? - That could be interpreted as a distinction without a difference. I would rather say: In capitalism you build your fortune, competitively. In State socialism of any type, you tear down the fortunes of others - out of envy. - JZ, 23.6.92, 30.9.02, 6.11.10. –

CAPITALISM: Inferior economic order which only partly realises the mere promises of socialism." - Helmar Nahr. - JOKES

CAPITALISM: It is easier to blame and curse capitalism than to be as rightful and productive as it already is. - JZ, 25.4.94. It could be still much more prosperity promoting for all willing to work and invest, if it were fully free and competitive. Free from all counter-productive inventions of territorial governments. As such it would also include exterritorially autonomous national and international corporations. Seemingly very powerful as such. But they would also have numerous competitors. – JZ, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: It is not capitalism but government which extends special privileges to favoured individuals and enables the feudal system to survive and grow even stronger." - Wilbur Johnson, Washington, quoted in PROGRESS, Aug. 79. – TERRITORIALISM, FEUDALISM, POWER, DOMINATION, STATISM

CAPITALISM: it is often alleged that competitive capitalism is based on the false values of the “consumer society”. Critics of this sort often forget that the great virtue of the consumer society is that no one is forced to consume.” - Samuel Brittan, Capitalism and the Permissive Society, in David Boaz, ed., The Libertarian Reader, The Free Press, 1997. (Claiming copyrights even to the writings of Paine, Madison, Tocqueville, Mill, etc.! – JZ), p.346. – While I am a book-worm, I do ignore most of the books offered in bookshops and libraries and so do most discriminating consumers regarding all the consumer goods and services offered. – In cities the average consumer ignores about 5000 advertisements a day. – JZ, 3.10.07. - CONSUMERISM, CONSUMER SOCIETY,

CAPITALISM: it is still not widely understood that capitalism (*) contains within itself the means by which society as a whole progresses. It does not need a touch of socialism (**) on the tiller to help it along.” - Margaret Thatcher, Statecraft, 2002, HarperCollins, – p.427. - (*) If it is quite unrestricted free enterprise capitalism, which would also allow for all kinds of exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers, free to do their own things for and to themselves, just like its businesses or cooperatives are free to succeed or to fail on their own merits or demerits. – Alas, M. T. did not include all kinds of States, societies and communities of volunteers as free enterprises, too. – What would have happened, if she had, e.g. to prevent the Falkland war? - - (**) Here she meant, I believe, only State socialism. Was she aware of voluntary and cooperative socialism? - JZ, 8.10.07. - PROGRESS

CAPITALISM: It should be clear that it is precisely voluntary exchange, capitalism, the free market, that has led to this enormous improvement in the quality and quantity of life. If capitalism has led to this improvement, only capitalism can maintain it and wipe out the poverty caused by government intervention in the economy." - Mike Stanton, FREE ENTERPRISE, 6/76.

CAPITALISM: It was not 'capitalism' but government intervention which has been responsible for the recurrent crises of the past. - Government has prevented enterprise from equipping itself with the instruments that it required to protect itself against its efforts being misdirected by an unreliable money and that it would be both profitable for the supplier and beneficial to all others to develop." - F. A. Hayek, Denationalisation of Money, p.100.

CAPITALISM: It was Winston Churchill who pointed out that capitalism is not a predatory tiger to be shot, or a cow to be milked indefinitely, but the willing horse that draws the cart." - A. E. Dyson, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Down With The Poor, p.130. - All too willing to bear or pull heavy burdens and to be blamed, nevertheless. - JZ, 22.4.94.

CAPITALISM: It's no accident that capitalism has brought with it progress, not merely in production but also in knowledge. Egoism and competition are, alas, stronger forces than public spirit and sense of duty. – Albert Einstein – Only when it comes to full monetary and financial freedom has the mixed economy, misnamed capitalism, failed and had to fail to solve the problem of rightful and free exchanges of goods, services, labor, capital, skills and readiness to work. The monetary despotism of central banking and the financial one of compulsory taxation and finance controls and regulations has turned too much of free exchanges into State socialism with all its wrongs and harm. – JZ, 2.4.12. - PROGRESS, PROSPERITY, PRODUCTION, KNOWLEDGE, EGOISM, SELF-INTEREST, COMPETITION

CAPITALISM: Karl Marx completely rejected the only economic system on earth under which it is possible for the workers themselves to own, to control, and to manage directly the facilities of production. And shocking as the news may be to the disciples of Marx, that system is capitalism. - Here in America, ownership of our biggest and most important industries is sold daily, in little pieces, on the stock market. It is constantly changing hands; and if the workers of this country truly wish to own the tools of production, they can do so very simply. They do not have to seize the government by force of arms. They do not even have to win an election. All in the world they have to do is to buy, in the open market, the capital stock of the corporation they want to own - just as millions of other Americans have been doing for many decades." - Benjamin F. Fairless, The Great Mistake of Karl Marx, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 12/73 p. 85. - PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES, PRODUCTIVE COOPERATIVES,

CAPITALISM: Laissez fare capitalism hasn't failed. It hasn't yet been tried! - JZ, 72. – Not in full but only fractionally. Already that made a great difference. – JZ, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: Lenin is said to have declared that the best way to destroy the capitalist system was to debauch the currency. ... Lenin was certainly right. The process engages all the hidden forces of economic law on the side of destruction, and does it in a manner which (only? – JZ) one man in a million is able to diagnose." - John Maynard Keynes, quoted in The Incredible Bread Machine, p.64. - This lack of understanding applied not only to Keynes but also to libertarians, who remain unaware of legal tender and the money issue monopoly as a precondition for inflation and deflation. Compare the predecessor of the above prediction: point 5 of the 10 points in the Communist Manifesto by Marx and Engels, together with their later comments. These two “conspirators” knew that legal tender and the issue monopoly are required to conduct an inflation. That is why they demanded it. –- JZ, 20.7.84. – A system in which there is a forced and exclusive currency, i.e., that is to that extent thoroughly statized, can hardly be called a capitalist economy. Such a monopolised and forced currency is the precondition for inflation, deflation and stagflation. Indeed, the STATIST money system, based on central banks with their monopoly and legal tender, can and often does destroy or reduce otherwise largely capitalistic economies, to a large extent, just as Marx and Engels predicted and intended. Nevertheless, most Western governments eagerly used and practised that power. - JZ, 21.4.94. - And they do so still. - JZ, 29.9.02. – And “free enterprise’ or “laissez faire” capitalism or free markets do still get blamed for the results, even by former libertarians like Alan Greenspan. – JZ, 14.11. 08. (See the report by Michael Grynbaum in THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, Oct. 25/26,08, p.46,

CAPITALISM: Let those, who do want more government have it. Let those, who want less government have it as well. And let those, who want no government have their non-governmental societies and communities. To each only the own choices, at the own risk and expense. – JZ, 7.12.11, on: Wall Photos - Capitalism is freedom, government is oppression! - Wake up OWS those who you seek to give more power are the ones trampling your natural rights! - Via Mark Blatterfein - GOVERNMENTALISM & PANARCHISM

CAPITALISM: like Raymond Fletcher can write (in ENCOUNTER, Nov. 69) 'capitalism works, and most people (including his own mining constituents in Ilkeston) are quite content to let it', the reader may ask why worry any further about the appeal of socialism if it is in decline even among its former apostles. The answer must be that even the remnant of capitalism in Britain - though it accounts for whatever success our economy still enjoys - is not safe from further erosion until we can instruct both its practitioners and its critics that competitive enterprise is superior to any practicable alternative system, not only on a material plane but even more on the elevated moral plane." - Ralph Harris, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor of Right Turn, p.18. – It can work and function freely only to the extent that it is legally allowed to work, e.g. under xyz laws and regulations, taxation, protectionism and central banking. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: Manufacturing and commercial monopolies owe their origin not to a tendency imminent in a capitalist economy but to governmental interventionist policy directed against free trade and laissez faire. – Ludwig von Mises – GOVERNMENTS, INTERVENTIONISM

CAPITALISM: Maybe capitalism does not work because it is not allowed to work." - Walter Williams, 4/1990.

CAPITALISM: men achieving their ends by voluntary association, cooperating through mutual exchange in a free society. Capitalism." - David Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, p.115/116.

CAPITALISM: Men will not rediscover the virtues of capitalism until they identify the nature of man's rights and the injustices of government-initiated force and coercion." - Paul Stevens, THE FREEMAN, 4/73.

CAPITALISM: Monopoly capitalism is not a free market." - Robert Anton Wilson, The Illuminati Papers, p.21.

CAPITALISM: My own philosophical convictions rest with capitalism - not the hybrid, semi-fascist brand of state corporate capitalism that exists today, but genuinely competitive, unfettered, non-monopolistic free-market enterprise that can exist only in a totally free society. It is a sad commentary that such a condition has never existed throughout the history of mankind - not even in the so-called 'halcyon days' of freewheeling nineteenth century America with its racial slavery legalized by the state, state-owned postal service and state-regulated railroad industries. It is my opinion that man is basically capitalistic, primarily self-serving, but also immensely generous toward his less fortunate neighbors when he is permitted to live his life in peace." - Jerome Tuccille: Radical Libertarianism, p.36.

CAPITALISM: No other system has so quickly and universally raised the levels of health, longevity and income of the entire world." - Catholic theologian Michael Novak.

CAPITALISM: No political and economic system is perfect. Plato's REPUBLIC was in heaven not on earth. If people were all generous and good, any system would work. (??? JZ) Since people are self-centred, they are more free and happy in a system which allows the avarice and aggressiveness of each to serve the best interest of all. Capitalism is such a system. It is modestly effective even in chains. The time has come for daring people to release it and let us once more startle the world with the initiative and productivity of free people!" - Perry E. Gresham, THE FREEMAN, 3/77.

CAPITALISM: Nothing is more fundamental to capitalism than competition, its very lifeblood." - Israel M. Kirzner, in Champions of Freedom, p.69. - COMPETITION

CAPITALISM: Notice, by the way, that nobody is compelled to maximise his monetary return. Those who prefer leisure, contemplation, voluntary work, getting into the honours list, or other satisfactions, can under capitalism turn aside from the 'rat race' and maximise whatever combination and forms of income and idleness suits their tastes. Furthermore, although most people will work harder for their families than for whatever passes in peace-time as 'the national interest', they can often best help their favourite good causes by maximising their monetary income so as to afford larger contributions to charities." - Ralph Harris, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Right Turn, p.20/21.

CAPITALISM: Obviously, capitalism of the laissez-faire variety has never been tried on this planet. When one realises what capitalism has accomplished despite government interference of every conceivable kind, one cannot help but wonder what the well-being of mankind might be without government intervention. Capitalism is not a dying idea. Capitalism, in its pure form, has yet to be discovered!" – Robert Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.80. – Or, rather, widely enough recognized and realized. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: Only capitalism delivers the goods. - JZ, 75.

CAPITALISM: Our planners are saying, 'The welfare state is the best security against communism.' The Russians could say, with as much sense, 'Communism is the best security against the welfare state.' - We call the Russian brand of governmental coercion 'communism'. They, however, refer to their collective as the 'Union of Soviet Socialist Republics'. The Russians call our brand of governmental coercion 'capitalism'. In the interest of accuracy and clarity, we, also, should call ours 'socialist'.” – Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.65. - Libertarian leaders at least should also distinguish between Russian people and their main enemies within, those favouring the Soviet regime. Nor should they ignore the over 100 ethnic minorities that were subjugated by the Russian Empire, first by the Czars and then by the Soviet rulers. - JZ, 20.7.84, 29.9.02.

CAPITALISM: Render to Caesar what is Caesar's': Caesar never constructed a road in Palestine. The Jews did the work. He did not build a house. He did not plant a tree. 'Render to Caesar what is Caesar's' is a revolutionary patriotic sentence, which in essence denies any right to the usurper." - Rev. Richard Wurmbrand, My Answer to the Moscow Atheists, quoted in SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 12/77. - In the Bible that expression is tied to the showing of a Roman coin with Caesar's image on it. But the saying does not deny the right of issuing and using other coins and notes. And there was not enough freedom of speech to deny the rightfulness of tributes - which, while they exist, one should, naturally, be able to pay at least with the coin of the tribute imposer. - When they are too hard to get, one should be able to pay one's tributes with the own tokens or by clearing. That solution was not advocated in the Bible, either. - JZ, 22.4.94. – Nor is it by modern “Christians”. – JZ, 14.11.08. – In this respect, too, most of them have learned nothing for the last 2,000 years on genuine individual rights and liberties, especially in the economic sphere. Their minds are largely blocked by notions of charity and altruism. – JZ, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: RIGHT TURN” preaches that capitalism and freedom for the individual is not merely profitable for some but is a better form of political morality because it enhances freedom and self-respect as well as creating wealth for supporting those who really need support." - Ronald Butt in THE SUNDAY TIMES, quoted in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, Down With The Poor.

CAPITALISM: Robbery and exploitation are the essence of state socialism and the welfare state - but not of laissez-faire-capitalism. – Source?

CAPITALISM: Say yes to a free market capitalism, i.e. one without monopolies, privileges and coercive controls and regulations. - JZ, 18.9.90.

CAPITALISM: Schumpeter, … expressed the view in … “Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy”, that the essence of capitalism is the process of “creative destruction” – the perpetual cycle of destroying the old and less efficient product or service and replacing it with new, more efficient ones.” - Thomas Friedman, The Lexus and the Olive Tree, p.11, Harper Collins Publishers, ISBN 0 00 655139 4

CAPITALISM: Serving the Masses: Whatever the truth about Pareto's Law may be or may have been, the long-run historical tendency of capitalism has not only been to increase real incomes more or less proportionately nearly all along the line, but to benefit the masses even more than the rich. Before the Industrial Revolution the prevailing trades catered almost exclusively to the wants of the well-to-do. And this could be done only by success in dramatically reducing the costs and prices of goods to bring them within the buying power of the masses. So modern capitalism benefited the masses in a double way - both by greatly increasing the wages of the masses of workers and greatly reducing the real prices they had to pay for what was produced." - Henry Hazlitt, The Conquest of Poverty, p.54. – WAGES, POVERTY, MASS PRODUCTION FOR THE MASSES

CAPITALISM: She made the point that capitalism is a fundamentally egoistic concept and consequently demands an ethics based on self-interest rather than altruism, reason instead of faith, man instead of God, ..." - Source? On Ayn Rand

CAPITALISM: Smith called the market order “the simple system of natural liberty.” Modern libertarians have similarly said that “capitalism is what happens when you let people alone. - David Boaz, ed., The Libertarian Reader, The Free Press, 1997. (Claiming copyrights even to the writings of Paine, Madison, Tocqueville, Mill, etc.! – JZ), p.250. - - Alas, they failed to apply such ideas to communities, societies, States and governments and their central banking despotism – because they had only territorial organizations in mind in this sphere. One could similarly say: Panarchism or Polyarchism is what happens when you leave people alone, i.e., do not territorially impose any system upon them. – JZ, 3.10.07.

CAPITALISM: So what is 'capitalism'? It’s a legal, social, economic, and cultural system of decentralised innovation – what the economist Joseph Schumpeter called 'creative destruction' – that relies on the voluntary cooperation and exchange among legal equals. Capitalist culture celebrates the entrepreneur, the scientist, the risk-taker, the innovator, the creator. Although derided as materialistic by some, capitalism is at its core a spiritual and cultural enterprise. As Joyce Appleby noted in her recent book The Relentless Revolution: A History of Capitalism, 'Because capitalism is a cultural system and not simply an economic one, it cannot be explained by material factors alone.' ” - Tom Palmer, Atlas Network - Jean Baugh – Facebook, 11.3.12. – Laws often make themselves ridiculous by their contents and their authoritarian pretences. – JZ, 12.3.12.

CAPITALISM: Some men have been found to denounce and deride the modern system - what they call the capitalist system. The modern system is based in liberty, on contract, and on private property. It has been reached through a gradual emancipation of the mass of mankind from old bonds both to nature and to their fellow-men ..." – W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe To Each Other, p.56.

CAPITALISM: Suppose you wanted to publish an opposition newspaper in a place like Russia or China. You could not go out and simply buy presses, paper, and a building; you'd have to acquire these from the State. For what purpose? Why, to attack the State! You would have to find workmen willing to risk their necks to work for you; ditto, people to distribute; ditto people willing to be caught buying or reading your paper. A DAILY WORKER may be published in a capitalist country, but a DAILY CAPITALIST in a communist country is inconceivable ..." - Edmund A. Opitz, in THE FREEMAN, 5/79, 292.

CAPITALISM: That is what capitalism is – a version of feudalism in which capital replaces land, and business leaders replace kings. But the hierarchy remains. And so we still hand over our lives’ labour, under duress, to feed rulers who do no real work.” – “Business leaders work” … “And they take the financial risks.” - Kim Stanley Robinson, Blue Mars, p.146. – That is only the capitalism of the few, when capital remains all too scarce, instead of the capitalism of the many, in which capital is abundant and productively used by almost all for the benefit of almost all, as a universal tool, available under attractive enough conditions, as to interest rate, repayment terms and means of payment and repayment, for almost everybody with a good chance to put it to productive use. Free enterprise capitalism and free exchange and consumer sovereignty and free choice of jobs and free contracts work even better without hierarchies and imposed anti-economic laws: Employee shareholding, productive coops, autonomous work groups, self-management schemes, financial and monetary freedom, in addition to all other economic liberties and rights, do point the way. Pension-fund “socialism” has already gone far. The safe and highly productive investment of e.g. all old age insurance funds could make people rich in their old age. – Entrepreneurs operate with volunteers. Rulers with subjects. Entrepreneurs & capital providers could and should be exposed to full competition. Rulers could and should become exposed to it, too, becoming dependent on voluntary subjects, members, customers and subscribers, all free to secede from them if dissatisfied. – Monetary and financial despotism are the opposite to free enterprise capitalism and have, by their many misunderstandings, upon which they are based, and the consequences of their application, given capitalism a bad name. - JZ, 11.9.07. -

CAPITALISM: That system which is devoted to securing wealth for its citizen." - Abraham Rosenblum – So why is it still outlawed or restricted in so many ways? Why are its adherents not permitted to practise it quite tolerantly - among themselves, while all forms of statism become confined to their supporters? – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: The American system of ours, call it Americanism, call it Capitalism, call it what you like, gives each and everyone of us a great opportunity, if we only seize it with both hands and make the most of it." - Al Capone, 1929 interview, quoted by Claud Cockburn, In Time of Trouble, 1956. - Not capitalism but prohibition gave him his chance! - JZ

CAPITALISM: the biggest single fault of true free-enterprise capitalism was its consistent failure to defend itself against enemies who used lies and violence as a matter of policy, and then claimed the high moral ground. The people who practised it were too busy doing something useful and getting on with their lives to have any interest in controlling other people's." - James P. Hogan, The Mirror Maze, p.235.

CAPITALISM: The bourgeoisie cannot exist without constantly revolutionising the instruments of production... The cheap prices of its commodities are the heavy artillery with which it batters down all Chinese walls... It has created enormous cities... more massive and more colossal productive forces than have all previous generations together." - Marx and Engels, 1848, pp 83-85, quoted in Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, p.194.

CAPITALISM: The capitalism of the mixed economy failed so far because its "capitalists" did not believe in capitalism, didn't even fully know it and thus could not fully realize it." - JZ, 76.

CAPITALISM: The capitalism of the Workers Party has very little to do with the capitalism of the 19th century, and capitalism, as most people understand it in 1976." - John Curvers, The Workers Party, NSW Bulletin, July 1976.

CAPITALISM: the capitalist is quite logical (and for once he has the support of the psychologist) when he points out that warfare has a longer history than capitalism, and that the establishment of socialism in Russia, for example, has by no means been accompanied by a decline of the martial spirit. It maybe argued that militarism in the U.S.S.R. is purely defensive; but it is militarism none the less ..." - Herbert Read, Anarchy and Order, - 120. – Probably they “achieved” more by subversion, revolution and terrorism than by open warfare and conquests. – JZ, 6.11.10. – WAR, PEACE

CAPITALISM: the capitalist market has given us a model for co-operation in which men can agree on common means without having to agree on common ends. For the first time in history, social cohesion does not depend on the physical or mental subjugation of man." - THE BULLETIN, 21.9.93.

CAPITALISM: the capitalist process, not by coincidence, but by virtue of its mechanism, progressively raises the standard of life of the masses. Queen Elizabeth owned silk stockings. The capitalist achievement does not typically consist in providing more silk stockings for queens but in bringing them within the reach of factory girls in return for steadily decreasing amounts of effort." - Schumpeter, quoted by Benjamin A. Rogge, in: Champions of Freedom, p.27.

CAPITALISM: The capitalist system is a system of production for private profit instead of for use. - Popular prejudice. - This presumes that one could profit in the long run without producing goods and services for use. Moreover, it implies either that production for losses or for costs is a practicable alternative to production for profits. Losses will inevitably occur, even when profits are aimed at and profits do have to make up for them or capital is lost, i.e., it can no longer be useful. If all production were merely recovering costs then no progress would be achieved. And there would be no incentive to continue production. Why bother? The consumers would suffer most. - JZ, 25.4.94. –

CAPITALISM: The capitalist system of production is an economic democracy in which every penny gives a right to vote." - Ludwig von Mises.

CAPITALISM: The chief difference between free capitalism and State socialism seems to be this: that under the former a man pursues his own advantage openly, frankly and honestly, whereas under the latter he does so hypocritically and under false pretenses. – H. L. Mencken, in  - VS. STATE SOCIALISM

CAPITALISM: the Chinese consider Yugoslavia and Russia as 'capitalist', while many Trotskyites would include China as well. Marxists, for example, consider India as a 'capitalist' country, but India, hag-ridden by a vast and monstrous network of restrictions, casts, state regulations, and monopoly privileges, is about as far from free-market capitalism as can be imagined. - If we are to keep the term 'capitalism' at all, then we must distinguish between 'free-market capitalism' on the one hand, and 'state-capitalism' on the other. The two are as different as day and night in their nature and consequences. Free-market capitalism is a network of free and voluntary exchanges in which producers work, produce and exchange their products for the products of others through prices voluntarily arrived at. State capitalism consists of one or more groups making use of the coercive apparatus of the government - the State - to accumulate capital for themselves by expropriating the production of others by force and violence." - Rothbard, ibid (?), p.61.

CAPITALISM: The choice is only between bureaucratic and private enterprise capitalism. Only the ignorant would choose the former and only the half-educated a mixture of both. - JZ 73.

CAPITALISM: The Communists, being perhaps more adept in wishful thinking than other men, have denounced capitalism as the great and only war-maker. On the contrary, the record shows that capitalism abhors the disruption and destructiveness of great wars, and did so even before it learned (learnt? – JZ ) that great wars are themselves progenitors of Communism.” - R. M. MacIver, Power Transformed, p. 5. MACMILLAN, 1964. – One should distinguish between free-enterprise and free trade capitalism or laissez-faire capitalism or free-market capitalism from monopoly capitalism and the “capitalism” of the “Welfare State”. – JZ, 29.9.07. - WARS, COMMUNISM

CAPITALISM: The comparative high standard of living which the common man enjoys today in the capitalist countries is an achievement of laissez-faire capitalism. Neither theoretical reasoning nor historical experience allows the inference that it could be preserved, still less improved under socialism." – Ludwig von Mises, Planning for Freedom, p.177. - Rather, of the fragments of laissez-faire capitalism that were realised. - Did Mises ever distinguish between State socialism and any kind of voluntary socialism, practised in a businesslike way in e.g. some productive cooperatives? - JZ

CAPITALISM: The development of capitalism consists in everyone's having the right to serve the customer better and/or more cheaply." – Ludwig von Mises, Economic Policy, p.5.

CAPITALISM: The difference between "... capitalism and communism is that capitalism offers a larger share of the doughnut and communism offers a larger share of the hole." - Al Bernstein, READER’S DIGEST, 8/83, p.160. – JOKES, COMMUNISM

CAPITALISM: The differences between a genuine free market and the capitalism of today are much more than a mere difference of degree. There are, it is true, many similarities, but the differences are fundamental and crucial. BECAUSE OF THESE DIFFERENCES, ANYONE WHO SUPPORTS GENUINE FREE MARKET ECONOMICS IS AS MUCH OPPOSED TO MODERN AUSTRALIAN 'CAPITALISM' AS THE MOST ARDENT MARXISTS." - John Singleton with Bob Howard, Rip Van Australia, p.31.

CAPITALISM: The essence of capitalism does not lie in the fact that it works with capital. This is also a necessity in a communist economy. Instead, capitalism is a situation in which most useful and necessary capital is in the hands of a few private monopolists, oligopolists and people who dominate the market (*), as a means to exploit the labour of others (**) or for domination as a purpose in itself (***). Monopoly socialism, in which a clique of power-hungry people has, by means of State-power, established a super-monopoly over all capital, amounts also to monopoly capitalism." - Solneman, LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, Nr.2, p. 31. - - (*) That overlooks e.g. the reality of pension fund socialism and wide-spread shareholding and of more than 10 million employers in the U.S. (**) Denied. Both sides are exploited through monetary despotism, making conditions for both sides unnecessarily severe, e.g., by bankrupting the one and rendering the other unemployed. (***) Specialists are not necessarily domineering types or have to practice domination. But most "captains of industry", due to a short-sighted ideology and practice of "scientific management", are, alas, still unaware of the higher productivity of some non-hierarchical systems which apply capitalistic incentives to everyone in an enterprise. - Some Marxist notions have also penetrated the minds even of individualist anarchists who, otherwise, are largely anti-communists. - JZ, 22.4.94.

CAPITALISM: The essential notion of a capitalist society ... is voluntary cooperation, voluntary exchange. The essential notion of a socialist society is force.” - Milton Friedman, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. – Alas, M. F. seemed to have remained unaware of voluntary or cooperative socialism and of all sound monetary freedom potentials. – JZ, 12.11.08. -Any form of socialism and of any other ism only for its volunteers – under personal law or full exterritorial autonomy. – JZ, 4.4.12.  - & ITS COOPERATIVE & COMPETITIVE VOLUNTARISM VS. STATE SOCIALISM & ITS TERRITORIAL DOMINATION & COERCION

CAPITALISM: The essential notion of a capitalist society … is voluntary cooperation, voluntary exchange. The essential notion of a socialist society is force. – Milton FriedmanAny form of socialism and of any other ism only for its volunteers – under personal law or full exterritorial autonomy. – JZ, 4.4.12. - & ITS COOPERATIVE & COMPETITIVE VOLUNTARISM VS. STATE SOCIALISM & ITS TERRITORIAL DOMINATION & COERCION

CAPITALISM: The fateful error that frustrated all the endeavors to safeguard peace was precisely that people did not grasp the fact that only within a world of pure, perfect and unhampered capitalism are there no incentives for aggression and conquest." - Mises, Omnipotent Government, p.5. – Peace requires that the adherents of all systems, all ideologies, are free to practise them among themselves, at their own risk and expense, i.e. quite tolerantly, without attempting to territorially dominate and suppress other systems. Experimental freedom for all – but not with dissenters as victims. – JZ, 14.11.08. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PERSONAL LAW VS. TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, IMPOSED LAWS & INSTITUTIONS.

CAPITALISM: the great social improvements brought about by capitalism. Those improvements are the result of capital accumulation; they are based on the fact that people, as a rule, do not consume everything they have produced, that they save - and invest - a part of it." – Ludwig von Mises, Economic Policy, p.10. – As if e.g. Free Trade, Free Exchange, Free Pricing, Free Capital Markets, Free Interest Rates, the money supply, the extent of clearing, the presence or absence of sound enough value standards, a degrees of free migration and peace had nothing to do with economic development and only capital accumulation mattered. If it were only accumulated in form of gems and rare metal jewellery and in large war chests of governments, or large and feudalistic land holdings or used in gambling, drinking and drug consumption, not much prosperity would result. – All factors of a free economy ought to be considered, not just the capital factor. - JZ, 14.11.08, 6.11.10.

CAPITALISM: The greatest and most productive system man has ever created." - Nelson Rockefeller, SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 8/76. - In a typo I wrote at first "crated" instead of "created". This suggested an additional remark: "... crated, and put, forgotten or despised, into a dusty corner." - JZ, 20.7.84. – Another invention which is not fully appreciated, developed and applied as yet. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: The idea seems elementary enough: people have the right to acquire and trade property in a free market, to start and build enterprises without fear of government intervention or confiscation, to expand or languish according to their own abilities..." - Taber, in TIME, 21.4.80.

CAPITALISM: The ideal political-economic system is laissez-faire capitalism. It is a system where men deal with one another, not as victims and executioners, nor as masters and slaves, but as traders, by free, voluntary exchange to mutual benefit. It is a system where no man may obtain any values from others by resorting to physical force, and no man may initiate the use of physical force against others. The government acts only as a policeman that protects man's rights; it uses physical force only in retaliation and only against those who initiate its use, such as criminals or foreign invaders. In a system of full capitalism, there should be (but historically has not yet been) a complete separation of State and economics, in the same way and for the same reasons as the separation of State and church." - Ayn Rand, quoted in a long paper by Mrs. Young, Sydney. - LIMITED GOVERNMENT, LAISSEZ FAIRE.

CAPITALISM: the ideology of capitalist society with its central tenets of success and achievement." - A. Q., 3/72, p. 78. - Can you even imagine a society with the central tenets of failure and no progress at all? - JZ 25.4.94.

CAPITALISM: The inherent vice (1) of capitalism is the unequal sharing (2) of blessings; the inherent virtue (3) of socialism (4) is the equal (5) sharing of miseries." - Winston Churchill, 1879 - 1965. - Under laissez-faire capitalism the unequal distribution is equitable, according to an individual's contribution. Under State Socialism some classes are more equal than others. Bon mots should not only shine but try to be accurate, too: (1) Virtue! - (2) Unequal incomes are earned and thus just, rather than coercively shared. - (3) vice! - (4) State socialism and most other forms but not of all other forms, especially not of voluntary or cooperative socialism. - Churchill's intellectual abilities seem to have suffered from his alcoholism. - JZ, 26.4.94.

CAPITALISM: The irony is that the very miracles brought about in our age by the capitalist system have given rise to expectations that keep running ahead even of the accelerating progress, and so have led to an incredibly short-sighted impatience that threatens to destroy the very system that has made the expectations possible. ... If that destruction is to be prevented, education in the true causes of economic improvement must be intensified beyond anything yet attempted." - Henry Hazlitt, The Conquest of Poverty, p.234. - POVERTY

CAPITALISM: The Left is right in hating capitalism. What they call capitalism is STATE capitalism - business and government cooperating to tie up the market. Historically, this has always been the case, and it is NOT free enterprise. The trouble with the Left's criticism of state capitalism is that they throw the baby out with the bath water - instead of identifying the real enemy, i.e. the colluding businesses and government, they blame the whole free enterprise system." - Bob Howard, FREE ENTERPRISE, 2/76. –

CAPITALISM: the market process and the principles of human action (*) make it impossible for there to be long-term, mass, involuntary unemployment or inflation or depression or any of the evils attributed to capitalism, but actually caused by government tinkering." - Sheldon Richman, THE FREEMAN, 9/78. - (*) including especially those involved in monetary freedom. - JZ, 24.4.94. – MONETARY FREEDOM VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM, UNEMPLOYMENT, INFLATION

CAPITALISM: the masses of the people ... are the principal beneficiaries of capitalism ... the businessman is not the principal beneficiary of capitalism." - Benjamin R. Rogge, Will Capitalism Survive? in: Champions of Freedom, p.36.

CAPITALISM: The Morality of Capitalism (by Jeffrey Tucker) - - Alas, it still deals only in the government's despotic, monopolistic and centralistic money and, thereby, it runs into difficulties, too. Free banking could also provide small loans, much more safely and soundly than any of the present banks, only allowed to deal in governmental monopoly monies. Small debts would be easier to repay - with alternative currencies, which could also be issued by a common bank of many small acceptors, sometimes debtors, accepting it for their goods and services, thus monetizing them, to the extent that they find willing acceptors and thereby assuring their sales. Money with "shop-foundation" tends to be much more sound than government monies with, essentially, only tax-foundation. – JZ, 7.12.11, 7.1.13. - UNDER MONETARY DESPOTISM

CAPITALISM: The one thing worse than losing to capitalism would be defeating it." - Russian joke, quoted in THE CONNECTION 120, p.34. - JOKES

CAPITALISM: The only alternative to statism (in all its forms) is capitalism, which is defined as: private ownership AND private control of the means of production." - Mark Tier in TWEEDEDUM AND TWEEDLEDUMMY, p.6. - The true alternatives to all the despotic impositions of territorial States are all the voluntary alternatives made possible by voluntary memberships in exterritorially autonomous communities or "competing governments". In these the voluntary members might practise, as they please, and as long as they can stand them, any kind of ism, including any of hundreds of forms of socialism and communism. Why are the voluntary alternatives so often overlooked, even among libertarians and anarchists??? See my ON PANARCHY series. - JZ, 22.4.94. -

CAPITALISM: The real question is not: Can capitalism survive? - but: Can we survive without capitalism? - JZ, 12.6.80. – A comprehensive capitalism requires also the free enterprise competition between exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers: panarchies of polyarchies, which, by their very nature, are peacefully coexisting rather than constituting continuing territorial warfare states. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: The relation of capital and capitalism to war is very simply stated. Those who possess wealth before a war lose it or most of it during the war's progress. At the same time, a new class of profiteers comes into possession of new wealth made out of the war. The owners of wealth are therefore always, and from the very nature of things must always be, the most powerful pacifists when any question of war arises." - Ernest Benn, The Case of Benn v. Maxton, p.142/143. - Traders, builders and farmers are not robber barons, conquerors and destroyers, as a rule. But the monopolists among them are, with the legal and juridical and policing help of territorial governments. - JZ, 22.4.94, 30.9.02. –

CAPITALISM: The revolution eats its own. Capitalism re-creates itself." - Mordecai Richter, Cocksure. - The capitalist revolution has still to be completed. - JZ, 27.6.92.

CAPITALISM: The superior freedom of the capitalist system, its superior justice, and its superior productivity are not three superiorities, but one. The justice follows from the freedom and the productivity follows from the freedom and the justice.” - Henry Hazlitt THE FREEMAN, June 1993. - FREEDOM, JUSTICE, PRODUCTIVITY

CAPITALISM: The system of economic organisation under which our nation flourished is capitalism, although it is known by many other names such as free enterprise, individual enterprise, the market system, etc. - It developed gradually during the Industrial Revolution and reached its peak during the 'Century of Progress' - 1830 - 1930. Since the turn of the century it has been under constant attack by those who would change the system, for whatever reason, from one of private control to one of political control, so that today it bears slight resemblance to the system under which the material welfare of our people expanded eight-fold." - Dean Russell, Economic Growth, THE FREEMAN, 5/68, p.28.

CAPITALISM: The system that had produced abundance on a scale never before imagined in the world was attacked for not having made everyone affluent." - Clarence B. Carson, THE FREEMAN, 4/76,p. 222. - Actually, a completely free capitalism could make everybody affluent who does want to be affluent and is prepared to work and invest towards that aim. - JZ, 30.9.02.

CAPITALISM: The third principle of freedom is capitalism. When the Institution of private property is upheld - when men are free to buy and sell and trade the products of their own lives free from interference - the economic system that results is capitalism." – Richard W. Grant, The Incredible Bread Machine, p.128. – There is much more to capitalism than merely the accumulation and investment of capital and the production and sale of goods, however important as they are. – JZ, 14.11.08, 28.1.13.

CAPITALISM: the triumphs and successes of Capitalism are immeasurably greater than is commonly supposed." - Ernest Benn, Honest Doubt, p.61. – The facts that there are still economic crises and all too much poverty do indicate that capitalism has not yet fully triumphed everywhere, in spite of its many achievements. It remains all to restricted, especially when it comes to free exchange in form of monetary and financial freedom, e.g. by central banking and taxation. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: The truth is that the characteristic feature of capitalism was and is mass production for the needs of the masses. Whenever the factory with its methods of mass production by means of power-driven machines invaded a new branch of production, it started with cheap goods for the broad masses. The factories turned to the production of more refined and therefore more expensive merchandise only at a later stage, when the unprecedented improvement which they had caused in the masses' standard of living, made it reasonable to apply the methods of mass production to better articles as well." – Ludwig von Mises, Planning for Freedom, p.170. - And our "intellectuals" did not hesitate to attack the "shoddiness" of mass produced articles, even down to my time and could not envision that the cheapest articles are all some of the less well-off people can afford. Nor were they ready to go into the mass production of quality goods themselves. Then they invented a new mythology about "advertising" and had the audacity and arrogance to call what other people voluntarily bought with their money: "unnecessary luxury goods" and condemned the relatively high standard of living achieved as "mere consumerism". - JZ, 20.7.84, 22.4.94. – SHODDY GOODS? , ADVERTISING, CONSUMERISM

CAPITALISM: the use of capital as income is an economic crime." - Friends of Economy, U.K., quoted in Deryck Abel: Ernest Benn, Counsel for Liberty, p. 75.

CAPITALISM: The word 'capitalism' in particular (still unknown to Karl Marx in 1867 and never used by him) 'burst upon the political debate as the natural opposite of socialism' only with Werner Sombart's explosive book 'Der moderne Kapitalismus' in 1902 (Braudel, 1982a:227). Since this term suggests a system serving the special interests of the owners of capital, it naturally provoked the opposition of those who, as we have seen, were its main beneficiaries, the members of the proletariat. The proletariat was enabled by the activity of owners of capital to survive and increase, and was in a sense actually called into being by them...." - Hayek, The Fatal Conceit, p.111.

CAPITALISM: The word 'capitalism' is misleading. The proper name for our system is ‘proletarianism.' - G. B. Shaw. - The main reason for this is that a fully free capitalism has never yet been realised for most people. - JZ, 25.4.94. – In developed countries the blue collar workers are already a minority. And at least under full employment their living standard is high rather than poor. – JZ, 13.11.08.

CAPITALISM: There are a handful of writers whom I love not because of just what they say but also because of how they say it. The four I've always put in this category are (in order of their period) Robert Ingersoll, H. L. Mencken, Ayn Rand and Thomas Szasz. While not one Ingersoll's more eloquent passages I like what he says here. This would be sometime from the late 1800s.” - Jim Peron email of 8 2 05: “As a rule wealth is the result of industry, economy, attention to business; and, as a rule, poverty is the result of idleness, extravagance, and inattention to business, thought to these rules there are thousands of exceptions. The man who has wasted his time, who has thrown away his opportunities, is apt to envy the man who as not. For instance, here are six shoemakers working in one shop. One of them attends to his business; you can hear the music of his hammer late and early; he is in love, it may be, with some girl on the next street; he has made up his mind to be a man; to succeed, to make somebody else happy, to have a home; and while he is working, in his imagination he can see his own fireside with the light falling upon the faces of wife and child. - The other five gentlemen work as little as they can, spend Sunday in dissipation, have a headache Monday and, as a result, never advance. The industrious one, the one in love, gains the confidence of his employer, and in a little while he cuts of work for these other fellows. The first thing you know he has a shop of his own, then next a store, because the man of reputation, the man of character, the man of known integrity, can buy all he wishes in the United States upon a credit. The next thing you know he is married, and he has built himself a house, and he is happy, and his dream has been realised. After awhile, the same five shoemakers, having pursued the old course, stand on the corner some Sunday when he rides by. He has got a carriage; his wife sits by his side, her face covered with smiles, and they have got two children, their faces beaming with joy, and the blue ribbons fluttering in the wind. And thereupon these five shoemakers adjourn to some neighbouring saloon and pass a resolution that there is irrepressible conflict between capital and labour. - Robert Ingersoll - ENVY, POVERTY, SUCCESS

CAPITALISM: There are still some (sadly enough, most are conservatives) who argue that despite it all, the U.S. remains the last great bastion of free enterprise and capitalism. The proposition needs to be examined. Capitalism, first of all, implies ownership of property and the freedom to use it in non-injurious ways. Where is that freedom today? It is hedged in with so many bureaucratic regulations and restrictions - including the right of the government to expropriate property or, alternatively, destructively tax it - that capitalism in America can only accurately be described as a version of state capitalism, surely not free market capitalism." - Karl Hess, The Lawless State, p.18.

CAPITALISM: There is but one means available to improve the material conditions of mankind: to accelerate the growth of capital accumulated as against the growth in population. The greater the amount of capital invested per head of the worker, the more and better goods can be produced and consumed. This is what capitalism, the much abused profit system, has brought about and brings about daily anew. Yet, most present-day governments and political parties are eager to destroy this system.” - Ludwig von Mises, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. – While this is a very important factor, we should not forget e.g. the change-over from monetary despotism to monetary freedom, the benefits of an increased population itself, that of inventions and technologies, the change from the employer-employee-relationship to the independence of partnerships, extensive employee share-holding, self-management schemes of various kinds, cooperative production, the abolition of all imposed monopolies, and of all trade barriers, the contribution of peace to prosperity etc. Just to ascribe everything to one factor is misleading. E.g. the fixed capital could largely be used in 3 shifts a day instead of mostly only in one working shift. If the workers themselves invested capital e.g. buying the shares in the firms they work in, to increase productivity, instead of engaging in counterproductive and anti-industrial warfare, their incentives would be increased and with them their productivity. At least on terms they could, in most instances, and relatively soon, between them, purchase the enterprises they work in. – JZ, 8.1.08, 28.1.13. - CAPITAL INCREASE, PROFIT

CAPITALISM: There is no more demoralising theory than that which imputes all human evils to capitalism or any other single agency." - Samuel Gompers, Seventy Years of Life and Labor, 1925.

CAPITALISM: There is no State in a truly capitalistic society. - JZ, 74.

CAPITALISM: There is, writes Mises, but one (*) means to improve the material conditions of mankind, to accelerate the growth of accumulated capital against the growth of population. The greater the amount of capital invested per head of the worker, the more and the better goods can be produced and consumed. This is what capitalism, the much abused profit system, has brought about and continually brings about daily. Yet most present-day governments and political parties are eager to destroy this system." - LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, Sydney, March 77. - (*) Mises overlooked the possibility of a more intensive use of the existing capital, e.g., by changing from one 8-hour shift to 3 x 8 hour shifts daily, which would often be possible and cost only some more for lighting, heating or cooling and wear. Moreover, “organisation development” might give even ordinary workers entrepreneurial and property incentives at their work places, thus greatly increasing the conservation and use of the available capital, i.e., productivity. It would also multiply and speed up the use of innovations. E.g. expensive computer systems were often supposed to increase productivity but actually reduced it in some instances. See Zip coding and the delays before letters in ANALOG are published and the many months ahead that you have to submit your continuing subscription to it. - JZ, 20.7.84. - Furthermore, there is no sense to increase productive capital and output while the goods produced cannot be easily sold due to the money issue monopoly of the central bank. That is a question of clearing, turn-over credit and the supply of sound and market-rated alternative currencies, not of the supply of productive capital. Before and after a deflation and its mass unemployment largely the same amount of capital existed but during the depression it, and the labour capital of the unemployed, was not utilised because their output could not be easily sold under monetary despotism. - JZ, 29.9.02.

CAPITALISM: There's only one way to kill capitalism - by taxes, taxes, and more taxes. - Karl Marx - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. – Marxists were often not satisfied with that approach but confiscated private property en mass and murdered proprietors by the millions or put them into concentration or forced labor camps, where many to most of them died under their atrocious conditions. They were much more mass-murderous than the French Revolutionaries were with their Guillotine. – JZ, 26.3.12. – In this respect almost all politicians are Marxists, whether they and their voters are aware of this or not. – JZ, 25.10.12. - TAXES, MARXISM OR STATE SOCIALISM

CAPITALISM: They "... claim the failure of capitalism, when it is really the socialist system which has failed." - LIBERTARIAN DIGEST, Australia, Feb. 82. – That is confirmed, once again, by most of the present “explanations” of the current economic crisis. – The degrees to which long-standing government interventions are involved are usually simply ignored. – The simpletons still predominate among the “intellectuals”. - JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: To call the United States a capitalist country is an insult - to capitalism." - The Falcon, LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 15.8.72.

CAPITALISM: to find a way in which capitalism can be made more general, with the bulk of our people participating in individual ownership – not the collective ownership by way of government that is advocated by some and practised in some countries – is necessary.” - Ronald Reagan, p. 105, in “Sincerely, Ronald Reagan”, a collection of his letters, compiled by his secretary Helene von Damm, 1976. - PROPERTY, OWNERSHIP, COOPERATIVES, EMPLOYEE-SHAREHOLDING

CAPITALISM: To the claim that capitalism's success was significantly produced by governmental corrections of capitalist excesses, he makes two replies. The first is that the track record of capitalism was just as good in the period of minimal government intervention, that is from 1870 to 1914, as in later periods. And indeed it was. Look at the data on the improvement of the real wage of American workers. In that period it was just as rapid as it has been in recent decades of much more state intervention. The second is that most of the interventions according to Schumpeter and according to Rogge ) actually REDUCED the rate of improvement in economic well-being." - B. R. Rogge, in Champions of Freedom, p.28. –

CAPITALISM: To the extent that various countries adopted capitalism, the rule of brute force vanished from men's lives. Capitalism abolished slavery and serfdom in all the civilized nations. Trade, not violence, became the ruling principle of human relationships. Intellectual freedom and economic freedom rose and flourished together. Men had discovered the concept of individual rights." - Mrs. Young in a paper on Ayn Rand, p.12. – The populations of whole countries, individuals and minorities were, under territorialism, given no free choice in this sphere. Thus capitalism was realized at best only to the extent that it was comprehended and tolerated by the territorial rulers, whose economic knowledge, as a rule, is woefully lacking, just like it is lacking among the average voters. – The interest in individual rights and liberties is still so small that I cannot find anyone interested in helping to produce an ideal and complete declaration of all these rights! – See my efforts in this direction in PEACE PLANS 589/590, offering over 130 private drafts, as opposed to governmental ones. So far only available from me, until this anthology appears online or on a CD, as a large email attachment. - JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: True anarchism will be capitalism. True capitalism will be anarchism." - Murray N. Rothbard, THE NEW BANNER, 25.2.72. – The various schisms in the anarchist movement show capitalism as only one of the anarchist options. The most that can be said for it is that its economics are based mostly on voluntarism rather than on the spleens, myths, errors, false assumptions and conclusions of various reformers and ideologues and that, to whatever degree it was allowed to function it was more productive than the other systems that volunteers adopted for themselves or that were imposed upon whole populations. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: True capitalism - the undisturbed ownership and use of capital - has never been man's lot. For never, except among primitive peoples, whose employment of capital is extremely limited, has the human race been free of the political means of acquiring economic goods. We ought to try out capitalism and see how it works. As a preliminary step, we should rid our minds (and our schools) of its Marxist bastardisation." - Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.404.

CAPITALISM: True liberalism is capitalism. Capitalism is the key to survival." - Joseph A. Galambos, 1963, copyrighted!

CAPITALISM: Turn capitalism, as a system dominated by a few capital owners, into a genuine capitalism, one of all. Capitalism is not dying out. It has not even begun. A system may be rightfully called capitalist only if all participants are capitalists." - Slightly changed version of point 34 in the Human Rights draft in PEACE PLANS No.4.

CAPITALISM: Under capitalism the successful cannot win their rewards without unintentionally serving people of all classes." - COMMON SENSE, July 81.

CAPITALISM: Under capitalism there are people prepared to do everything for money, under socialism and even for money, one does nothing." - Petan. - A contract killer is not a capitalist entrepreneur providing a wanted service to the ultimate consumer, his victim. He is a criminal who, upon being paid by another criminal, provides an ultimate disservice for his victim. - JZ, 5.7.92, 25.4.94.

CAPITALISM: Under capitalism we are all of us obliged to do something which will give some sort of satisfaction to somebody else, that's the basis." - Ernest Benn, The Case of Benn v. Maxton, p.214.

CAPITALISM: Under capitalism, man exploits man. Under communism it's just the opposite.” - John Kenneth Galbraith. – Even this professional economist had quite a wrong view of capitalism. At least he should have been aware that complete laissez-faire capitalism never existed as yet, anywhere. – JZ, 4.1.08. - COMMUNISM, JOKE

CAPITALISM: undiluted capitalism ... the only basis for liberty." - View ascribed to William L. O'Neill, in REASON, 8/79. - Like most other libertarians, he fails to include in "liberty" a condition of restriction or even slavery that is voluntarily and individually chosen. But freedom includes the choice not to be free - and that is the choice most people have made today. For them and their own affairs it is a rightful choice and it is a form of territorial authoritarianism and even of totalitarianism to want to force a full and individualistic - capitalistic or anarchistic - freedom upon them. Neither sexual nor capitalistic freedom should be forced upon anybody. Dissenters can rightfully only claim the opportunity to opt out and to do their own thing undisturbed, the capitalistic or anarchist way, whether in the so-called Free Western World or in totalitarian States. In the latter this would require and facilitate a liberating revolution. - JZ, 20.7.84, 22.4.94, 6.6.94

CAPITALISM: Unfortunately, Rivkin's interesting analysis is marred by the misconception about the nature and operation of capitalism. He takes the accumulation of capital rather than free entry as its distinguishing feature." - Milton Friedman, THE FREEMAN, Oct. 88, 394. - Capital accumulation, not only of a few, but of many, is largely only possible through free entry. - JZ, Dec. 88, 25.4.94.

CAPITALISM: Up with capitalism! – Source? – Up with any ism – but all only for volunteers and at their risk and expense. Full experimental freedom and voluntarism for all of them! – JZ, 14.11.08. - PANARCHISM

CAPITALISM: We have never had a capitalist economy." - Sponsors of the Taxless State ( Social Credit people ), DAILY TELEGRAPH, 10.5.73.

CAPITALISM: What a mixed-up world. Now we have rightist communists and leftist capitalists." - Petan. - Only when one uses the terms as loosely as journalists frequently do, or thinks only in terms of a mixed economy. - JZ, 25.4.94.

CAPITALISM: What kind of society isn't structured on greed? The problem of social organisation is how to set up an arrangement under which greed will do the least harm. Capitalism is that kind of system." - Milton Friedman, PLAYBOY interview, 2/73, 168. – GREED, , PROFIT

CAPITALISM: What pays under capitalism is satisfying the common man, the customer. The more people you satisfy, the better for you. – Ludwig von Mises– Profits through quality- & bargain offers. – JZ, 5.4.12. - COMMON MAN, CONSUMERS, CUSTOMERS

CAPITALISM: What pays under capitalism is satisfying the common man, the customer. The more people you satisfy, the better for you.” - Ludwig von Mises. - THE CONSUMER, BUSINESSMEN, PROFIT, MARKETS

CAPITALISM: What the Communists have still to learn... is that the institution of capitalism, of private property and free markets, tends to maximise production, while economic dictatorship and forced redistribution only discourage, reduce and disrupt it." - Henry Hazlitt, The Conquest of Poverty, p.124.

CAPITALISM: What was so far wrongly called capitalism was, largely, a chase for monopolised currency and not the production of, the buying with and the acceptance of privately and competitively issued sound dollars etc. Only under this monetary freedom condition would we have a genuine capitalism, one where everybody could "make" money. - JZ, 75, 28.1.13. – Sound money, competitively issued and backed by wanted consumer goods and services offered by its issuers. – JZ, 13.11.08.

CAPITALISM: What we call capitalism today is a direct result of businessmen fleeing the competitive market place (*) for the coercive power of the state. Labor leaders and politicians have betrayed the interests of the workers and communities to become members of the ruling elite. Capitalism in the U.S. has been and is STATE capitalism, just as socialism in the Soviet Union has been and is STATE socialism." - Editorial LIBERTARIAN ANALYSIS, Winter 70, 3. - - (*) Without full monetary and financial freedom there is no fully competitive market place. - JZ, 24.4.94.

CAPITALISM: What we have today is not a capitalist society, but a mixed economy, that is, a mixture of freedom and controls, which, by the presently dominant trend, is moving toward dictatorship.” – Ayn Rand in PLAYBOY interview. - CAPITALISM VS. MIXED ECONOMY

CAPITALISM: What you think of as capitalism and freedom amounts merely to degrees of statism, even of State socialism. – JZ, 16.3.98. – It is like mixing white with black paint and then calling the resulting dirty grey “white”! – JZ, 23.9.08.

CAPITALISM: When one considers the alternatives, Churchill's well known dictum about democracy applies to capitalism, it is the worst of all economic systems, except for the rest." - Mr. Andrew Peacock, Lecture at Monash University, 17.9.79. (Lip-service isn't enough. I see in him one of the liberals more inclined towards state socialism than most other "Liberals" are. - JZ)

CAPITALISM: when people wanted a thing and were willing to pay for it, the capitalists made it, and when there was no demand for a thing it simply was not made. That is to say, the consumer puts a value on what he wants. The surplus value theory has it that capitalists paid labor subsistence wages and retained as profits all that labor produced above this subsistence level; but capitalism proved that wages come out of production, and that the more capital is used in production the greater the output of labor and therefore the greater its rewards. Capitalism has raised wages, not lowered them, as Marx predicted. So much so, that the worker with a washing machine and an automobile has lost every vestige of 'working class consciousness'. He even plays golf." - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.85.

CAPITALISM: When socialist countries are to be found helping out capitalist countries in their hour of need rather than vice-versa, then – and only then – should we question the system which makes us (*) rich, healthy and secure.” - Margaret Thatcher, Statecraft, 2002, HarperCollins, – p.449.  (*) Somewhat rich! – JZ) – CAPITALISM VS. STATE SOCIALISM

CAPITALISM: Where the various enterprises are free to decide what to produce and how, there is capitalism. Where, on the other hand, the government authorities do the direction, there is socialist planning." - Mises, Omnipotent Government, p.24. - No government is omnipotent. But its wrongs and damages start when it acts on the belief that it either is or can be or should be omnipotent. - JZ, 24.4.94. – STATE SOCIALISM, COMMUNISM

CAPITALISM: Wherever capital is at work, there of necessity is capitalism and a capitalist system." - A. J. Nock, Memoirs, p.119. – Under state socialism and in “Welfare States” capital is at work, too, but certainly not exclusively in a private, cooperative, laissez-faire or free enterprise way. – JZ,

CAPITALISM: wherever the masses can "vote with their feet," it is almost invariably to move toward capitalist nations where intellectuals say they are alienated. - Thomas Sowell - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online.

CAPITALISM: Wherever you go in the world, sin thrives better under capitalism." INK, 11/76. - However, there are types of sin, or rather crimes, which prosper much more under totalitarianism and types of virtue which suffer most under it. - JZ, 6.6.94.

CAPITALISM: while some private capitalists may have cheated one another, the Government capitalists cheat everybody, and that the business of cheating has indeed been completely nationalised." - Ernest Benn, Debt, p.115.

CAPITALISM: Whoever calls our system capitalist slanders capitalism." - source? - "To call the U.S. a capitalist country is an insult to capitalism." - The Falcon, LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 21.7.72.

CAPITALISM: Whoever prefers life to death, happiness to suffering, well-being to misery must defend without compromise private ownership in the means of protection. - Ludwig von Mises - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online.

CAPITALISM: Why there is such a tremendous difference in the production of workers in different countries can be summed up very briefly in the one word, tools." - W. M. Curtis, in The Free Man's Almanac, Oct. 14. - MACHINES, AUTOMATION, INVESTMENTS, PRODUCTIVITY, STANDARD OF LIVING

CAPITALISM: Working under capitalism, we are always making the world easier for others, whatever we do, whether our job is shovelling sand, manoeuvring a machine, or taking a risk, or preaching a sermon, or singing a song - some of which is not manual labour at all; the basis of it all is the supply of something that is wanted by somebody else. Capitalism promotes service and sacrifice and strenuous endeavour, and it's at least a basis on which a worthy, manly life can be planned. Furthermore, it's a system of liberty, and lastly, it can deliver the goods." - Ernest Benn, The Case of Benn v. Maxton, p.214.

CAPITALISM: Writing in 1973, (Samuel) Brittan pointed out that although capitalists and the young people of the sixties regarded each other as the enemy, both the market economy and the “counterculture” were based on the idea of “doing your own thing”. - David Boaz, ed., The Libertarian Reader, The Free Press, 1997. (Claiming copyrights even to the writings of Paine, Madison, Tocqueville, Mill, etc.! – JZ), p.345. - COUNTER-CULTURE & “DOING YOUR OWN THING”

CAPITALISM: Yet, having survived wars, slumps and excessive booms, capitalism stands to surmount the current crises. Writes left-of-center economist Robert Heilbronner, one of capitalism's most fervent critics and an advocate of central economic planning: 'History has shown capitalism to be an extraordinarily resilient, persistent and tenacious system, perhaps because its driving force is dispersed among so much of its population rather than concentrated solely in a governing elite.' After predicting its imminent collapse for well over a century, even capitalism's critics recognize the staying power of its ideas." - Taber, in TIME, 21.4.80, p.31. – It’s ideas have not strongly enough persisted but its customs, traditions and habits have, at least to some extent. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISM: You must have more money, more capitalists. Every $10 note which you take off taxation leaves more capital in the market to compete, and to bring down the rate of interest. As you know, money can be borrowed in America more cheaply than here because most of it is in the pockets of the people instead of in the coffers of the State. When we have achieved, as some day we shall achieve, the ideal of making everyone a Capitalist, then, so paradoxical is the working of economic affairs, you will have abolished capitalism, from which you can see that I am really a  rather more practical socialist than you." - Ernest Benn, The Case of Benn v. Maxton, 76. – Underlining by me: JZ –

CAPITALISM: You say that 'a fence is no stronger or weaker' whether build by an industrialist with money or by a dictator with coercion. To me, this is like saying there is no difference between a prostitute and a rape victim. It sanctions the Marxist premise that someone who obtains a good or service through money is as obnoxious as a fascist who obtains it through coercion." - Diogenes of Panarchia, THE CONNECTION 112, p.53 of 30 May 83. - The quality of the product is not the primary question but whether it was produced by a slave or by a free man. - JZ, 25.4.94. – Moreover, is there any doubt left that the quality and quantity of consumer products and services under totalitarian and dictatorial regimes does also leave much to be desired? – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISTS: Capital is good; the capitalist is a helper, if he is not also a monopolist. We can safely let anyone get as rich as he can, if he will not despoil others in doing so." - Henry George, Social Problems.

CAPITALISTS: capitalists and entrepreneurs are by far the best if not indeed the only members of society who can be called uniquely consumer-servants." - Sylvester Petro, THE FREEMAN, July 76.

CAPITALISTS: Capitalists are motivated not chiefly by the desire to consume wealth or indulge their appetites, but by the freedom and power to consummate their entrepreneurial ideas.” - George Gilder. - CAPITALISM, PROFIT MOTIVE, IDEAS, ENTERPRISE, ENTREPRENEURS, BUSINESSMEN, INNOVATORS, PROFITS

CAPITALISTS: Capitalists fall only short in fully realising capitalism, in defending capitalism and by making too many concessions to Statism. - JZ, 6.1.87, 26.4.94.

CAPITALISTS: Efron overlooks the fact that what 'capitalism' means to a leftist is very similar to what 'socialism' means to a rightist: the rule of a privileged class and extinction of personal freedom." - David Ramsay Steele, LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, 4/78. – PRIVILEGES, MONOPOLIES, LEFT & RIGHT

CAPITALISTS: Every American who works for a living." - Anon.

CAPITALISTS: Everybody a capitalist - through free, productive and innovative labour, exchange, property and investment. - JZ, 3.5.93. 26.4.94.

CAPITALISTS: Here’s a question for us: Are people who by their actions create unprecedented conveniences, longer life expectancy, and more fun available to the ordinary person – becoming wealthy in the process – deserving of all the scorn and ridicule heaped upon them by intellectuals and politicians? Are the wealthy obliged to “give something back?” For example, what more do the wealthy discoverers and producers of life-saving antibiotics owe us? They’ve already saved lives and made us healthier.” - Walter E. Williams, More Liberty Means Less Government. Our Founders Knew This Well, Hoover Institution Press, 1999, – p.248.

CAPITALISTS: However, as sad (both morally and economically) as the situation is, I really cannot find the heart to feel very sorry for most of America's big business leaders. The current generation of businessmen is merely reaping the harvest of the crop sown by their predecessors during the development of 'political capitalism', throughout most of this century. Sadly, I see little evidence which would lead me to believe that today's businessmen are acting any differently than those of two, three or four decades ago. On the contrary, everything I see indicates that big business' acceptance and encouragement of closer ties to government is going full steam ahead, faster than ever..." - Walter Grinder, LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, 4/79.

CAPITALISTS: I am a capitalist! My desire to EARN your confidence and repeat business is your assurance that I will do a GOOD job at a FAIR price." - Prof. Galambos

CAPITALISTS: I'd never make a Communist; I'd love to be a capitalist." - J. E. McDonnell in "Northwest by North", p. 62.

CAPITALISTS: If you want a job done right, hire a capitalist." - Source? - Prof. Galambos?

CAPITALISTS: In America it is the so-called capitalist who is to blame for the fulfilment of Marx's prophecies. Beguiled by the state's siren song of special privilege, the capitalists have abandoned capitalism... (This was) the crime of the capitalists. - Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays.

CAPITALISTS: It will be a great mistake for the community to shoot the millionaire, for they are the bees that make the honey, and contribute most to the hive even after they have gorged themselves full.” – Andrew Carnegie, The Empire of Business, 1902, p.132. - Under full employment conditions, achievable fast and permanently only under full monetary and financial freedom, that kind of hatred would be very much reduced. – JZ, 23.9.07. - RICH PEOPLE, CAPTAINS OF INDUSTRY, MILLIONAIRES, ENVY & HATRED

CAPITALISTS: Nock was a staunch defender of capitalism, but he was unsparing in this criticism of capitalists for distrusting the free market; and for trotting down to Washington begging for handouts. 'Businessmen don't want a government that will let them alone,' he wrote; 'they want a government they can use.' This is not to blame businessmen for being what they are; what they are is simply a reflection of the standards and values held in common by a significant number of people in our society..." - E. Opitz, on Nock, INTERCOLLEGIATE REVIEW, Winter 75. – STATISM, BUSINESSMEN

CAPITALISTS: One can say 'I am a Capitalist!' without possessing one cent." - Hans Habe, Leben fuer den Journalismus, Bd. 4, S.49. (I seek his essay in defence of capitalism, which, at one stage, was very popular. - JZ, 26.4.94. - I have a small collection of books explicitly in defence of capitalism and seek other such titles or lists of them towards a bibliography. - JZ, 30.9.02.) People fully aware of self-ownership and how much they do altogether earn by honest labor during a lifetime, would have no difficulty in considering themselves as capitalists. That might also inspire them to consider buying, on terms, and together with their work-mates, the enterprises they are working in. That could be very profitable to them as well as to the current owners. – JZ, 14.11.08. – PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES, SELF-OWNERSHIP, COOPERATIVE PRODUCTION

CAPITALISTS: Our ideals are framed, not according to the measure of our performances, but according to the measure of our thoughts." - A. J. Balfour. - According to this standard not many successful businessmen and financiers are capitalists but many poor people may very well be. E.g., many productive and innovative people or hard-working and saving people are already capitalists in their thoughts, although they are still poor, but under freedom and proper market institutions they are likely to become relatively rich, financially, too. - JZ, 21.7.84, 26.4.94, 6.6.94.

CAPITALISTS: People with funds to invest inevitably become capitalists." - John Chamberlain, THE FREEMAN, 11/74. - . - Mafia hit-men and bureaucrats with stolen funds can at best only become caricatures of capitalists. - JZ, 24.4.94. - Labourers invest their labour knowledge, skills and readiness to work for decades. In total it comes to hundred- thousands of dollars, sometimes even to millions. If they properly considered this as their capital and more effectively used it as such, e.g. by anticipating parts of future earnings in form of bonds, and used these bonds to purchase, on terms, the enterprises they work in, then they could also, much more obviously, become "capitalists" in self-managed enterprises. - JZ, 30.9.02. – Governments, with enormous funds gained through the robbery of taxation do not, thereby, become rightful and rational capitalists. – JZ, 26.11.08. – PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES BY THEIR EMPLOYEES

CAPITALISTS: the capitalist can become rich and stay rich only by serving and continuing to serve the desires of consumers in an efficient manner." - William P. Field, Jr., MERCURY, Sep/Oct. p.80. - If they are incapable of this then they remain under strong pressure to let capable managers do that for them and the general community. - JZ, 24.4.94.

CAPITALISTS: The capitalist is the true socialist." - Dr. H. G. Pearce, 7 Lectures on Economics.

CAPITALISTS: the capitalist, far from somehow depriving the laborer of his rightful ownership of the product, makes possible a payment to the laborer considerably IN ADVANCE of the sale of the product. Furthermore, the capitalist, in his capacity as forecaster or ENTREPRENEUR, saves the laborer from the risk that the product might not be sold at a profit, or that he might even suffer losses." – Murray N. Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p.39.

CAPITALISTS: The great virtue, in my opinion, of the free market, is that it's the only system which prevents the capitalist from getting too much power, The problem with government control, whether it be full-scale government control, as in Russia, or a mixed system ... special interests... whether it be the oil industry or the steel industry or the railroad industry or the welfare worker industry - they're at  work 24 hours a day and they take the government programme over." - Milton Friedman, SATURDAY EVENING POST, 5.6.77. - CAPITALIST POWER? ECONOMIC POWER? –

CAPITALISTS: the laborer is not robbed by capital, but ... he always gains by the use of capital, not because of any generosity on the part of the capitalist, but by the inexorable operation of economic law, which prohibits the use of capital except upon the condition that it will yield increasing returns - in other words, that it will give more wealth to the community than it takes from it." - George Gunton, Wealth and Progress, ch.1, quoted in Bliss, Encyclopaedia of Social Reform, under Profit, p. 1098, early edition.

CAPITALISTS: the very important distinction which separates the role of the entrepreneur from that of the capitalist. The capitalist role in the production process derives wholly from his ownership of resources. The capitalist is the resource owner who, in return for the promise of interest payments, is willing to permit his resources to be used in economic processes extending over time. The entrepreneur is he who perceives (in a way in which the capitalist does not) how these resources can be deployed in a way which can justify contractual interest payments to prospective investors..." - Israel M. Kirzner, in Champions of Freedom, p.77. - And agreed-upon wages to willing and capable workers, I would add. - JZ, 26.4.94.

CAPITALISTS: There's an old saying, "If you want to catch a thief, send a thief to do it." - In the same way, if you want to hold down the power of capitalists, then make it in the self-interest of other capitalists to keep down their power." - Milton Friedman, SATURDAY EVENING POST, 5.6.77. – This makes too many concession to popular myths on economic power and dishonesty among businessmen. – But it might serve as an “argumentum ad hominem”. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPITALISTS: Too many capitalists subscribed to too many socialist ideas. - JZ, 20.7.78.

CAPITALISTS: We are all capitalists now." - A Labour Party leader quoted in editorial to “Right Turn”, 1970. - I added: "in fact, if not in opinion." - JZ - Were there many presidents and prime ministers who were not millionaires after a few years in office? I would like to see statistics on their assets before and after they attained these offices, together with their salaries and various other concessions. Would all of them be able to point out only honest enrichment steps? It would also be interesting to find out how much they paid in taxes before, during and after being such office holders. Such statistics might help to undermine the faith in "great leaders" and "representatives". - JZ, 30.9.02.

CAPITALISTS: We are unfortunately making ever more relevant the dire warnings of the Spanish philosopher Ortega y Gasset, who analysed modern man as: 'finding himself in a world so excellent, technically and socially, (he) believes that it has been produced by nature, and never thinks of the personal efforts of highly-endowed individuals which the creation of this new world presupposed. Still less will he admit the notion that all these facilities still require the support of certain difficult human virtues, the least failure of which would cause the rapid disappearance of the whole magnificent edifice.'" – Muray N. Rothbard on American Values in anthology: Outside Looking In, page 66. - Wrecking is always easier - for barbarians. - JZ, 20.7.84.

CAPITALISTS: What every American hopes to be before he dies." - Adapted from H. L. Mencken.

CAPITALISTS: What's wrong with socialism is socialism; what's wrong with capitalism is capitalists." - old cliché, quoted by Rev. Dr. John K. Williams, North Melbourne, in FREE MARKET, 1980, issue No.7.

CAPITALISTS: where people are - as Smith nicely has it - investing their own capitals, the unsuccessful will, to the extent that they have made bad investments, necessarily be deprived of the opportunity to make further costly mistakes." - Anthony Flew, The Invisible Hand, QUADRANT, 11/81.

CAPITALS: Capital, n., The seat of misgovernment." - Ambrose Bierce. - CAPITAL CITIES, GOVERNMENT, CENTRALIZATION, TERRITORIALISM

CAPITALS: less like the capital of a realm than the garrison of conquerors in a conquered land." – Howard de Camp, Conan the Conqueror, p161. - CAPITAL CITIES

CAPITALS: Washington is a madhouse." - Poul Anderson, Brain Wave, 52. – CANBERRA, WASHINGTON, CAPITAL CITIES

CAPRICE: Turgot sanctioned the free exercise of caprice as long as it did not harm other persons." - Frank E. Manuel, The Prophets of Paris, p.23. - RIGHT TO MAKE MISTAKES, FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT.

CAPTIVE NATIONS: Are we the same persons that said in 1939 that Poland must be kept free?" - Michael Darby, 9/72. - Was it ever truly free? - JZ, 26.4.94. – Was any country, any population, ever? – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPTIVE NATIONS: Every individual is a captive nation today - only collectivists excepted. - JZ 9/72.

CAPTIVE NATIONS: Everybody is captive because of the fascist attitude of those in control." - Michael Darby or Patrick Brooks, 9/72. - I rather would say: because of the territorialist attitude of those in control - and of most of their victims. When temporarily liberated the former victims merely aspire to become new exclusive territorial rulers or their victims. - JZ, 26.4.94, 14.11.08.

CAPTIVE NATIONS: For every captive nation we should recognise a government-in-exile for all its voluntary members who have joined it already, as refugees and deserters, and for all who would, if they could. We should concede to them full exterritorial autonomy - and ally ourselves, defensively, with all of them. Moreover, we should honour their liberating war and peace aims and their appeals to the conscripts of enemy regimes to desert and join them and also offer deserters and refugees the chance to declare themselves neutrals. Never should we hold any of them automatically and collectively responsible for the actions of enemy regimes. - JZ, 26.4.94. – GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE

CAPTIVE NATIONS: Freedom for all captive nations, those under communism and those under any other ism. But also freedom for all captive individuals (who are not criminals with victims), even for the individuals of just liberated captive nations. - JZ 10/ 72, 28.1.13. - How many other captive nations and communities do exist, e.g., under the present dictatorial regime in Iraq, apart from the obvious one of the Kurds? - So far, alas, no governments-in-exile have been established for any, far less for all of them, nor an alliance with them, with only just war or liberation, revolution or military insurrection aims. Newspaper reports as well as "leading" politicians and even some libertarians jump in their writings all too easily from bombing or otherwise hitting Saddam Hussein to bombing or making war against the whole of Iraq or Bagdad, as if there were no distinctions between criminal rulers and their few followers - and their victims. Such righteous muddle-heads on "our" side either possess or favour the "strength" of ABC mass murder devices, while opposing such devices in the hands of more obvious dictators and tyrants - and still wanting to "make war" against a "nation" or "people" rather than favouring a "special operation" or tyrannicide action against S. H. only. He should only be given a short period before he is outlawed and, instead of budgeting ca. US $ 200 billions for a war against his victims, only $ 1-20 million should be budgeted as prize money for his execution, after his outlawry or for bringing him before a genuine international court of justice. - And such prize offers should be accompanied by quite just war, peace and liberation aims for Iraq and all its various groups, which would require full exterritorial autonomy for all their voluntary members. - On the other hand, just leaving guys like S. H. in the saddle, respecting their territorial claims, their rule, their "internal affairs" and their lives, as inviolable, is also quite thoughtless and irresponsible. - Where, outside of my PEACE PLANS series, do you find this just and rational approach? - At best only a "regime-change" is contemplated. But a war is hardly the best way to attain this. Nor is another single territorial regime for all the diverse people in Iraq a just and liberating aim for all of them. - JZ, 30.9.02. – WAR & PEACE AIMS, TYRANNICDE, OUTLAWRY

CAPTIVE NATIONS: Hutt River Province in W.A. is also a "captive nation", as its secession has not yet been recognized. - JZ, 9/72. - Let us recognize this one first. It may be in our power. - JZ, 9/72.

CAPTIVE NATIONS: The captive individual is in an even worse plight than the captive nations are. - JZ, 9/72, 14.11.08.

CAPTIVE NATIONS: The conventionally conceived captive nations have little chance to see their liberation through revolution or nuclear war or even to survive them. They must be redefined as minority groups which have the right to exterritorial autonomy on a voluntaristic and personal law basis but no right at all to territorially rule dissenters. Only thus would they cease to be nuclear targets and begin to act disarmingly for most of their opponents. - JZ, 1974, 30.7.1978.

CAPTIVE NATIONS: The Russians are just as much captive as the other captive people in the Soviet Union." - Mr. Michael Darby, MLA, 9/72. - One of the ironies of the newly "liberated" nations is that they have treated Russians and other nationalities and ethnic and religious and ideological communities as newly captive nations. As long as the totalitarian principle of exclusive territorial rule prevails in their minds this was almost inevitable. - JZ, 26.4.94.

CAPTIVE NATIONS: We must keep the flame of freedom burning strong and bright - as a beacon of hope to those struggling against the powers of totalitarian darkness. If we should falter, if we should succumb, all hope would be extinguished. Mankind as a whole would descend to the Gulag." - Winston S. Churchill, Speech to National Association for Freedom. - Typical oratorical remarks. He didn't state that this does involve e.g.: a) recognising governments in exile by and for volunteers. b) Just peace and war aims. c) The publication of a program deserving the name for a just liberation and self-liberation struggle. d) Full realisation of individual rights and liberties in the West. e) Especially: Monetary Freedom, Free Trade, Free Immigration and Free Experimentation for Exterritorially Autonomous Communities of Volunteers, and, naturally, full property rights in the West ( at least among propertarians), rather than coercive tribute payments to politicians and bureaucrats and coercive controls by them. - JZ, 6.4.89, 6.6.94. – How many concrete and genuine individual rights and liberties did Churchill really stand up for? – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPTIVE NATIONS: We need diplomatic and popular ties with the captive nations, not with their oppressors. - JZ, revised 26.4.94. – DIPLOMACY, RECOGNITION, CAPTIVE NATIONS, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE AS FREELY COMPETING PANARCHIES

CAPTIVE NATIONS: What is the largest country in the world called? The answer is: Estonia. The boundaries run along the Baltic Sea, her capital is Moscow and the population is in Siberia." - Anon. - Amusing and somewhat informing as such remarks are, they are not sufficiently enlightening and liberating. - JZ, 26.4.94. – Estonia, between the two world wars, was once leading in recognizing minority rights? Is it leading in this respect now? – JZ, 14.11.08.

CAPTIVE NATIONS: What nation, besides Grenada, have we liberated?" - J. Kesner Kahn, NEWS DIGEST INTERNATIONAL, 9/84.

CAPTIVE NATIONS: Which country is the most neutral country in the world? The answer: It's Latvia, because here we don't even intervene in our own internal affairs." - Anon. - Two of the many mistakes of the newly liberated Baltic and other countries were: Not to grant exterritorial autonomy to voluntary communities of Russians and other foreign residents and to retain the communist system of central banking, sometimes even upon the advice of some "free banking" advocates. Even the latter do sometimes lack the courage of their convictions and bow to what they consider to be political expedience. These expedient "solutions" then merely serve to prolong and sharpen crisis situations and give totalitarians a chance to gain the upper hand, again, just like Marx and Engels predicted and planned, in their Communist Manifesto. Individuals ought to have the right, and the chance to practise it any degree of freedom or subordination among their kind of volunteers, to secede from any old coercive and privileged system, especially the territorial State and the central banking system. Otherwise not enough is achieved and often things can even go from bad to worse, via new civil wars and revolutions, both rather aimless and valueless but bloody. - JZ, 26.4.94. – JOKES, NON-INTERVENTION

CAPTIVE NATIONS: You cannot have freedom until the captive nations are free." - Mr. Michael Darby, Mosman Debate, 9/72. - While captive nations are merely territorially defined the problem of captive nations will continue. - JZ, 26.4.94. - TERRITORIALISM

CAR INDUSTRY: It is hoped the Government will allow the market place to decide which cars deserve to survive." - P. Thomas (Somerset), BURNIE ADVOCATE, August 1977. - PROGRESS, Dec./Jan.78.

CAR PRICES & SALES: in a classic example of alchemic demand creation, … Ford drove the price through the floor, … 1908, Sales Price of Model T Runabout: $ 850. – Ford Motor Sales (millions) $4.7. – Net Income (millions) $ 1.1. [I leave out the figures for 1909 to 1916, all showing the same tendency! – JZ], 1916, Sales Price of Model T Runabout: $345. - Ford Motor Sales (millions) $206.8. - Net Income (millions) $ 57.0. – (Gooch, George and Montgomery, America Can Compete, 18.) - Paul Zane Pilzer, Unlimited Wealth, updated edition, Crown Publishers, New York, 1994, p.136.

CARBON DIOXIDE POLLUTION BY MAN? Having the numbers is not the same as having the truth « - - How much more CO2 does actually exist than the MINIMUM for our survival and that of most other life-forms on EARTH? The figures that I have seen were close to the MINIMUM!" – JZ, Facebook, 17.10.11. – , Q. – GLOBAL WARMING?

CARBON PRICE: It is neither a price nor a price of or on carbon. Nor is its supposed aim and supposed effectiveness the result of rational and scientific research. Carbon dioxide does not cause climate change in the close to minimal quantities that do exist and that are required for the survival of most life on Earth. The governmentally imposed taxes on carbon dioxide production going into the air are just more wrongful tributes imposed by governments under false pretences and excuses. – JZ, 8.12.11, 23.2.12.

CARBON PRICING LEGISLATION: A group of the world’s most eminent scientists and economists have written to the Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, congratulating her on the government’s carbon pricing legislation. – THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 5.10.11, p.8. - These “scientists and economists”  have proven, that they are neither by writing of pricing in connection with legislation. Coal pricing makes sense, carbon pricing and especially by legislation does not. Moreover, what kind of price can the carbon in our bodies have, or the carbon that we exhale or the carbon in the plants, fruits and meat animals that we eat? Our air contains little more than the minimum of carbon-dioxide that is needed to maintain our own, plant and animal life on Earth. Whatever there is of Earth warming can certainly not be ascribed to human activities when, as the same time, the temperature on other planets of our solar system has also risen and there, quite certainly, not through human action. Genuine prices are freely haggled out between competing sellers and buyers. That is certainly not the case with any legislated prices. Nor can prices really be freely expressed when they have to be expressed in a monopoly money with legal tender power, i.e. money with compulsory acceptance and a forced value. Nor is any transaction a free one when it is taxed by a third party without individual consent. The whole Earth-warming mythology, as far as carbon dioxide is concerned, is just another racket for politicians to grab more of our earnings and capital and mismanage our lives further. How they can, at the same time, manage to ignore past climate changes, without significant human influence, and fluctuations in the output of the sun? That kind of attitude is no more rational than ascribing all the evils in the world to capitalism or free markets and calling for government actions against them.  – JZ, 19.11.11.

CARBON REDUCTION PLAN: Paddy Manning, tittle, in THE SYDNEY MORING HERALD, 13-14.8.11.  p. 15.-  Most central planning is misdirected and based on false assumptions. The amount of carbon on Earth is relatively fixed. We cannot send much of it into space or receive much from it. Anyhow, the carbon dioxide that exists is merely close to the minimum required for our survival and that of most other life on Earth. What we should reduce or even abolish, if possible, is such language abuse. – JZ, 10.9.11, 23.2.12. –

CARBON TAX & ALL OTHER TAXES ARE WRONG: Abbott condemns 'illegitimate' carbon tax - - Rothbard and many others condemned all taxes for moral or economic reasons or both. I have still to find a single moral or rational argument for it - and for any other robbery. – JZ, 15.9.11, on Facebook - All taxation is fraudulent by pretending to be for the common good, the public interest and the general interest - although many of its victims, indirectly all people in a territory, are punished and others are favored by these compulsory levies. – JZ, 14.9.11, on Facebook.

CARBON TAX & CLIMATE CHANGE: Dinosurs had severe climate change. They should have paid their carbon tax. – C. J. Freeman, Pyrmont,, 29.7.11, p.105. - DINOSAURS, GLOBAL WARMING, JOKES

CARBON TAX: Coalition complains of 'propaganda' unit set up to sell Labor's carbon tax- - No matter how many "most eminent scientists and economists" (, 5.10.11), are in favor, of "carbon pricing legislation", it is absurd to speak of a carbon tax as a PRICING system. These "scientists" & "economists" thereby proved that they are neither scientists nor economists. Genuine prices are haggled out between competing sellers and buyers. That is, obviously, not the case with ANY TAX. Legislated price "controls" have failed for over 4,000 years! All taxes kill liberties and rights. – JZ, 19.10.11. – Anyhow, humans and most other life forms are made up largely of carbon-hydrates. Thus a tax on all carbons would mean a tax on most life forms. What they wrongly aim at is a supposedly excessive carbon-dioxide production, by human, which is does not exist and is, nevertheless, wrongly blamed for “global warming”, which does not exist either, to the extent feared. Whatever of it has occurred for some periods, is rather ascribable to solar phenomena and the result of volcanically produced gases. Astronomers have also reported degrees of planetary warming on other planets of this solar system and there they can certainly not be ascribed to human activities. – However, any pretence is good enough for most territorial governments to increase taxation further and to interfere more with economic activities. – Errors and stupidities predominate in the heads of governments and their believers. - JZ, 8.10.12. - TAXATION, TRIBUTES, PRICES, PRICE CONTROLS

CARBON TAX: Some people cannot even get their major terms right. Obviously, it is not a tax on diamonds, graphite, coal, soot, or on the very tiny but also strong carbon fibers now widely used or on the carbon in ourselves, in fruit, vegetables, grass, domestic animals and trees. Meant is carbon dioxide, which is wrongly blamed for climate change. – JZ, 28.9.10, 22.2.12. –

CARBON TAX: WHO GETS THE CARBON AXE ??? - We are, largely, made out of carbon compounds and need them in our food. We also need a minimum of CO2 in our air and there it is only close to the minimum. When they speak merely of "carbon tax" they do already indicate their intellectual level as all too close to zero. – JZ, on Facebook, 8.9.11.

CARE: He who does not care for the property of another betrays that he is a dishonest man." - Baba Metzia, 24a. – He does not have to care for the property of others – as long as he does not interfere with it. I am not dishonest when I do not care about how rich or wealthy other people are. – JZ, 28.1.13.

CARE: I care." - From a local government campaign leaflet. - That's why I don't vote. She cares, like all politicians, about all too many things that are none of her business and that she knows nothing about. I don't care for any power-hungry politician to take care of me, at my expense and risk. - JZ, 4.8.92.

CARE: Most of the "caring" people want to take tender care of the property and earnings of others. - JZ, 26.4.94.

CARE: Politicians want to appear as tender, caring and compassionate people - but with the property of others. - JZ, 26.4.94.

CARE: Those people who think that they care and share most for and with the needy, are usually least caring for economics and sharing real economic knowledge among themselves and with the needy. Consequently, they are part of all the interventionism that caused and perpetuates involuntary poverty and misery. - JZ, 17.2.90, 26.4.94. - SHARING, CHARITY, NEEDS, POVERTY, WELFARE STATE, INTERVENTIONISM, STATISM, ECONOMICS, IGNORANCE, KNOWLEDGE, PREJUDICES

CARELESSNESS ABOUT OR LACK OF INTEREST IN IMPORTANT MATTERS: It’s extraordinary just how little people care about things that don’t affect their daily lives directly. – Wilbur Smith, A Sparrow Falls, Pan Books, 1978, p.459. – Rather, about those things, which do affect their lives but about which they can do nothing about, presently and directly. - They are largely used to or conditioned to be misruled and abused from the top and resigned to this fact and thus concentrate on the remaining private spheres that they still can do something about. They are the serfs of territorialism. – JZ, 15.9.11. 27.2.12. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, DISINTERESTEDNESS, OBEDIENCE, COMPLIANCE, RESIGNATION, COMPULSORY SUBORDINATION & ITS CONSEQUENCES, HABITUAL SUBMISSIVENESS & OBEDIENCE

CARELESSNESS: Assuredly nobody will care for him who cares for nobody.” – Thomas. Jefferson. - INDIFFERENCE

CARELESSNESS: Carelessness about our security is dangerous; carelessness about our freedom is also dangerous." - Adlai Stevenson, Speech, Detroit, 7 Oct. 1952. - As far as I know he only cared in the conventional way of the territorial and statist politician - and thereby tended to make matters worse. - JZ, 26.4.94.

CARGO CULT: Cargo Cultism is encouraged by politicians to gain votes, and the handouts increase government debt, taxation ( and inflation )." - LIBERTARIAN DIGEST, Sydney, 4/83.

CARGO CULT: Lobbyists are cargo cultists. - JZ, 21.11.82. – LOBBIES, SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS

CARGO CULT: Mr. Fraser has never given any sign that he has recognised that the most costly 'cargo cult' mentality exists within the minds of the top executives of Australia's highly protected manufacturing industries." - Kenneth Davidson, 14.10.77, quoted in PROGRESS, 11/77.

CARING: Do we care enough to consider a dramatically different way of helping the weak and frail and suffering? - Do we have intentions good enough and strong enough to insist on good results? - - We must abandon government social programs. We must end government involvement in social matters. We must end government-run welfare … end tax-funded charity. - We must dramatically cut taxes, and let taxpayers decide which charities have earned their support. – We must look forward to the market place – the voluntary sector of the economy.” - Michael Cloud, Secrets of Libertarian Persuasion, The Advocates for Self-Government, 2004, - p.194. - E.g.: Fully free trade, full monetary freedom, cooperative production and the distribution of all government assets and private and coop insurance companies under full financial freedom could do even more for the poor and through the poor. – JZ, 30.9.07. - ENOUGH CARING? & REALLY GOOD INTENTIONS

CARS: Car accidents kill more people than wars - in some countries. However, one drives cars by individual choice. - JZ, 6.1.87. – Often also out of economic necessity. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CARS: Freedom promoting machines, competitively produced in masses, but for whose use exist only the bottlenecks produced by States. The 'tragedy of the Commons' applies here to roads and air pollution." - JZ, 2,10.86. - AUTOMOBILES

CARS: No one treats his car as foolishly as he does other human beings." - Russell. - The car has been paid or is being paid for. People are all too often and wrongly treated as private property and as a property one did not have to pay for. Naturally, such foolishness does not pay for itself. Bastiat's insight that "society is exchange" is still rare. - JZ, 26.4.94. – Bertrand Russell?

CARS: The car trip can draw the family together, as it was in the days before television when parents and children actually talked to each other.” - Andrew H. Malcolm. – In this connection one should also mention compulsory schooling – which prevents much of the natural communication between family members and leads all too often to closed minds at an early age. – JZ, 4.1.08. - FAMILY TRIPS, FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS, TELEVISION, VIDEOS, RADIOS

CARS: The fascination with cars consists in the illusion to be able to dominate space and time with them." - Lothar Schmidt. - That advantage is not entirely illusionary. - JZ, 8.7.92. - Originally they reduce distances and save time. But then they are so extensively used that travel distances between homes and work places are increased and thus more time is wasted in cars. - JZ, 26.4.94, 14.11.08.

CARS: The secret of cars: One is within one's own four walls." - Gerhard Uhlenbruck.

CARTELS: Cartels - conspiracies to limit competition in order to charge monopoly prices..." - Brian Summers, THE FREEMAN, 12/76.

CARTELS: Cartels and unions are income redistribution devices - using the explicit and implicit power of the State." - Prof. Gerald W. Scully, 1990.

CARTELS: Conspiracies in Restraint of Trade." - Brian Summers, THE FREEMAN, 12/76.

CARTELS: I hope that Her Majesty's Government will have nothing to do with cartels of sellers or buyers. The best weapon against a cartel on one side is no cartel on the other." - Enoch Powell, in GOOD GOVERNMENT, 6/75.

CARTELS: One of the problems I will deal with later is PROTECTIONISM. The government tries to isolate the domestic market from the world market. It introduces tariffs which raise the domestic price of a commodity above the world market price, making it possible for domestic producers to form cartels. The cartels are then attacked by the government, ... declaring: 'Under these conditions anti-cartel legislation is necessary.'" – Ludwig von Mises, Economic Policy.

CARTELS: The cartel's message is: Accept us for as little as we choose to give and at our price; you have no alternative; the most important decision in economic affairs is to be made by us and not by management or even by consumers. Take us as we choose to be or close shop." - Leonard E. Read, Talking to Myself, p. 69. – MONOPOLISM, PROTECTIONISM

CARTELS: the vast network of government regulatory agencies is being used to cartelise each industry on behalf of the large firms and at the expense of the public." – Murray N. Rothbard, For a New Liberty,p.313. – REGULATIONS, PROTECTIONISM

CASH PAYMENT PROMISES: Promises to pay cash at a future date amounts to a speculative dealing in futures, especially when one is not free to monetize the own consumer goods and services, ready for sale, but depends, instead, on a sufficient provision of any exclusive and forced currency produced by a central bank or central mint. – An insight that Ulrich von Beckerath, 1882-1969 tried to spread. – JZ, 29.9.08.

CASH PAYMENTS: We always paid our way and let the enemy be the pillagers." - Frank Herbert, Children of Dune, in ANALOG, I/76, p113. - PLUNDER, REQUISITIONING, FINANCING WARS, LOOTING

CASH: Cash makes no enemies." - Quote in film series No. 1: The Barbary Coast, 10.6.76, Channel 10. – Hugely inflated legal tender money forced upon creditors at its nominal value does certainly not make friends out of them. – But it would often be cheaper to pay for deserters from an enemy regime’s armed forces than try to kill them, while they are forced to fight us. – Add quite rightful war aims, including their own and self-chosen government in exile, which would mean their liberation, and they might not even wish to be paid, except e.g. for the weapons of the regime that they bring with them. - JZ, 14.11.08. – DESERTION, WAR AIMS, PRISONERS OF WAR, LIBERATION, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE

CASTLES IN THE AIR: I find the gayest castles in the air that were ever piled, far better for comfort and for use, than the dungeons in the air that are daily dug and caverned out by grumbling, discontented people." - Emerson, Conduct of Life: Considerations by the Way. – UTOPIAS & DISTOPIAS

CASTLES IN THE AIR: If you have built castles in the air, your work need not be lost; there is where they should be. Now put foundations under them." - Henry David Thoreau.

CASTLES IN THE AIR: Let us build foundations under those worth keeping." - Leonard E. Read, in his comments on the above in THE FREEMAN, 11/74. – UTOPIAS, UTOPISM, PANARCHISM, INTENTIONAL COMMUNITIES, LIBERATION

CASTLES IN THE AIR: Thoughts which dwell in castles in the air do no longer work." - Gerhard Uhlenbruck. – As if e.g. the utopism of territorial statism were not still all too much in control and effectively depriving us of many of our important rights and liberties! – JZ, 14.11.08. – The despotism or even totalitarianism inherent in territorial States, is, alas, still operating in all countries, victimizing all to many sections of their population and by taxes, inflations, deflations, everybody in every country. – Let us imagine all kinds of castles in the air – in accordance with out individual preferences – and then build the required exterritorial autonomy foundations under them, for all those, who freely made their individual choices among them. – JZ, 7.11.10. - STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, THOUGHTS, IDEAS, IDEOLOGIES, UTOPIAS, ILLUSIONS, MYTHS, BELIEFS, FAITH, HEAVEN, PLANNING, WELFARE STATE

CASUISTS: There is a demand today for men who can make wrong appear right." - Terence, Phromio, VIII, c. 160 B.C. - Lawyers are trained to make a case for everything and thus their opinions should, as far as possible, be ignored, outside of legal disputes. - JZ, 12.7.86. - We need skilful truth-sayers much more than skilful liars. - except in our defences against immoral laws, politicians and bureaucrats. - JZ, 26.4.94. – LAWYERS, POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS, IDEOLOGUES, INTELLECTUALS, SOPHISTS, DEMAGOGUES

CATALAXY: The market order or spontaneous order.” – Sudha Shenoy, 24.7.04., ISIL conference Rotarua. – Who, among the supporters of Catallaxy has as yet subscribed to the spontaneous and natural order of panarchism, which offers to each the governmental or non-governmental panarchy of his own individual choice, on the basis of full exterritorial autonomy and personal laws for such communities or societies of volunteers, even statists ones, but none with any territorial monopoly. – JZ, 7.11.10.

CATALLACTICS: I now find somewhat misleading the definition of the science of economics as 'the study of the disposal of scarce means towards the realisation of given ends', which has been so effectively expounded by Lord Robbins (*) and which I should long have defended. It seems to me appropriate only to that preliminary part of catallactics which consists in the study of what has sometimes been called 'simple economies' and to which also Aristotle's oeconomica is exclusively devoted: the study of the dispositions of a single household or firm, sometimes described as the economic calculus or the pure logic of choice. (What is now called economics but had better be described as catallactics, Aristotle described as CHREMATISTIKE or the science of wealth.) The reason why Robbins' widely accepted definition now seems to me to be misleading is that the ends which a CATALLAXY serve are not GIVEN in their totality to anyone, that is, are not known either to any individual participant in the process or to the scientist studying it." - F.A. Hayek, The Confusion of Language in Political Thought, p.29. - (*) That kind of definition could also be applied to the anti-economics or neo-comics of governments, budgeting over the earnings and properties of their subjects. Thus it would wrongly define these abuses as part of economics. (“public finance”) - JZ, 26.4.94. ECONOMICS, ENDS, KNOWLEDGE, MARKET, INVISIBLE HAND, LANGUAGE, HARMONY, PURPOSE, AIM

CATALLACTICS: In 1838 Archbishop Whately suggested 'catallactics' as a name for the theoretical science explaining the market order, and his suggestion has been revived from time to time, most recently by Ludwig von Mises. The adjective 'catallactic' is readily derived from Whately's coinage, and has already been used fairly widely. These terms are particularly attractive because the classical Greek word from which they stem, KATALLATTEIN or KATALASSEIN, meant not only 'to exchange' but also 'to receive into the community' and 'to turn from enemy into friend', further evidence of the profound insight of the ancient Greeks in such matters (Liddell and Scott, 1940, s.v. KATALLASSO). - This led me to suggest that we form the term CATALLAXY to describe the object of the science we generally call economics, which then, following Whately, itself ought to be called catallactics." – F. A. Hayek, The Fatal Conceit, p.111/12. – ECONOMICS, MARKET ORDER, LAISSEZ FAIRE

CATALLAXY: The chief aim of this neologism is to emphasise that a CATALLAXY neither ought nor can be made to serve a particular hierarchy of concrete ends, and that therefore its performance cannot be judged in terms of a sum of particular results. Yet all the aims of socialism, all attempts to enforce 'social' or' distributive' justice, and the whole of so-called 'welfare economics', are directed towards turning the COSMOS of the spontaneous order of the market into an arrangement or TAXIS, or the CATALLAXY into an economy proper. Apparently, the belief that the catallaxy ought to be made to behave as if it were an economy seems so obvious and unquestionable to many economists that they never examine its validity. They treat it as the indisputable presupposition for rational examination of the desirability of any order, an assumption without which no judgement of the expediency or worth of alternative institutions is possible." – F. A. Hayek, The Confusion of Language in Political Thought, p, 29/30. – I would say that panarchism permits the “Cosmos of the spontaneous order of the market” to come into existence as far as the divers political, economic and social systems are concerned, all only for volunteers, none with a territorial monopoly. To each his own system – as long as he wants it! – JZ, 14.11.08.

CATASTROPHE INSURANCE: A sufficient cover against damages due to natural catastrophes could be achieved for mutual guaranty associations, using the levy principle, especially when paying the levy, when it is required, not in form of cash but in form of freely transferable and standardised and typified assignments upon the own goods and services. Moreover, this aid should be granted only as a long-term loan, on a stable value basis. In this way much more could be raised and after a few years the recipients could even be better off, economically, than they were ever before, because thus their capital shortage could be ended. - Suggestion by Ulrich von Beckerath. - JZ, 26.4.94.

CATASTROPHE INSURANCE: Catastrophically high medical costs, could be economically covered by insurance only for these rare cases, while normal medical expenses could, as a rule, be covered by self-insurance. Normal medical expenses should be payable from one's general income. And non-continuance of artificial life support for a life no longer worth living, should be contractable, in advance, too. - JZ, 16.3.94. – Naturally, people should be free to take out both kinds of insurance, if they want to. But to cover every medical expense would lead to high premiums. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CATEGORICAL IMPERATIVE: 1. Act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law of nature. - 2. So act as to use humanity, both in your own person and in the person of every other, always at the same time as an end, never simply as a means. - 3. All maxims which spring from your own making of laws ought to accord with a possible kingdom of ends as a kingdom of nature." – Immanuel Kant, in Jeffrie G. Murphy, Kant: The Philosophy of Right, p.89. – I hold that panarchism, with its confinement to individual sovereignty, voluntary associationism, exterritorial autonomy and avoidance of territorial monopolies does correspond to the categorical imperative of Kant. – JZ, 7.11.10. - In another translation: 1. Act only according to that maxim which you can at the same time rationally intend to become a general law. 2. Act as if the maxim of your action could become through hour will a general law of nature. 3. Act thus that you treat mankind in your own person as well as in the person of everyone else, at any time also as an end and never merely as a means. – Immanuel Kant. - (1. “Handle nur nach derjenigen Maxime, durch die du zugleich wollen kannst, dass sie ein allgemeines Gesetz werde. 2. Handle so, als ob die Maxime deiner Handlung durch deinen Willen zum allgemeinen Naturgesetz werden sollte. 3. Handle so, dass du die Menschheit sowohl in deiner Person als in der Person jedes anderen jederzeit zugleich als Zweck, niemals bloss als Mittel brauchst.") – Immanuel Kant. – Still another version: Act only on that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law." - Immanuel Kant, Critique of Practical Reason, 1788. Still another version: Act that your principle of action might safely be made a law for the whole world.” - UNIVERSALITY PRINCIPLE, MORALITY, NATURAL LAW, ETHICS, HUMAN RIGHTS, ACTIONS, DUTY –

CATEGORICAL IMPERATIVE: Act so that you can will that the maxim of your actions should be followed by all rational beings." - William Stoddard, in REASON, 3/74.

CATEGORICAL IMPERATIVE: Any personal action is of questionable merit which would prove disastrous if it became common practice." - Leonard E. Read, Meditations on Freedom, p.18. – Freedom to act includes the right to make mistakes at the own risk and expense. These mistakes and failures do also provide valuable lessons. Due to individual secessionism and voluntary membership, freedom of expression and information, and the costs and risks for the participants in failed experiments, these failures will tend to decline in numbers rather than spread. Only successes will tend to be widely imitated. – JZ, 7.11.10.

CATEGORICAL IMPERATIVE: But the only practical law that seems directly derivable from the Categorical Imperative is the following: One ought never to interfere with the freedom of any rational being." - Jeffrie G. Murphy, Kant: The Philosophy of Right, p.87. - I would add: "while any being IS rational". - JZ

CATEGORICAL IMPERATIVE: I am never to act otherwise than so that I could also will that my maxim should become a universal law." ( Ich soll niemals anders verfahren, als so, dass ich auch  wollen koenne, meine Maxime solle ein allgemeines Gesetz werden. ) - Kant, Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten, Abschnitt 1. As translated by T. K. Abbott, Kant's Theory of Ethics, p. 18. - It has been more freely rendered, "Make the maxim of thy conduct such that it might become a universal law."

CATEGORICAL IMPERATIVE: So act that your principle of action might safely be made a law for the whole world." - I. Kant, worded by L. E. Read, The Path of Duty, p.94.

CATEGORICAL IMPERATIVE: There is but one categorical imperative: Act only on that maxim whereby thou canst at the same time will that it should become a universal law." - I. Kant, Fundamental Principles, tr. by A.D. Lindsay.

CATEGORICAL IMPERATIVE: There is, therefore only a single categorical imperative and it is this: act only in accordance with that maxim through which you can at the same time will that it become a universal law.” – Immanuel Kant, Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, 1785, in Cambridge edition of the works, 1996, p. 73. , MORALITY, ETHICS

CATHOLIC CHURCH: While the Pope has not got any military divisions, he does have a political commissar in every parish. But at least each individual is by now free to opt out from his empire. That makes it peaceful and tolerable. - JZ, 28.7.93. One might consider the Catholic Church to be the largest religious panarchy on Earth. – By all means, establish better ones, also non-religious ones! - JZ, 7.11.10. - POPE, RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE

CATHOLICISM: A popular form of self-degradation involving ritual cannibalism." - Chaz Bufe.

CAUSE & EFFECT: Man suffers immediately under effects and cannot help but ask for the cause. However, as a lazy being he accepts the nearest explanation as if it were the best and settles with it. This is especially the method of what passes as ‚common sense’.“ - Goethe, “Sprüche in Prosa”, JZ tr. of: “Der Mensch finded sich mitten under Wirkungen, und kann sich nicht enthalten, nach den Ursachen zu fragen; als ein bequemes Wesen greift er nach der nächsten als der besten und beruhigt sich dabei; besonders ist dies die Art des allgemeinen Menschenverstandes.” – CONSPIRACY THEORY, PERSONAL THINKING, EXPLANATIONS, PREJUDICES, FALSE PREMISES & ASSUMPTIONS, FALLACIES, „PRACTICAL“ MEN,


CAUSE: The linear progression of events is imposed by the observer." - Frank Herbert, God Emperor of Dune, p. 297. (The Stolen Journals.) – Compare the discussion about multi-factor reasoning as opposed to single-factor “reasoning”. – JZ, 14.11.08. – CAUSES & EFFECTS, ACTIONS & REACTIONS

CAUSES: It is a Cause that separates men from the mere mass." – Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought. – If it is a rightful and rational cause ... The crusades, the Inquisition, Nazism and totalitarian Communism were causes - but hardly worthy ones. - JZ, 26.7.92. – AIMS, PURPOSES, ENDS, VALUES, COMMITMENTS, IDEALS

CAUSES: My cause is me." - Dangerous Buttons, No. 263. – STIRNER, EGOISM, RATIONAL SELFISHNESS

CAUTION: It is too late to be cautious in the very midst of dangers.” – ("Serum est cavendi tempus in mediis malis.") - Seneca

CAUTION: The better part of valour is discretion." - Shakespeare, Heinrich IV, I.5.4. - See Courage.

CAUTION: When a man feels the difficulty of doing, can he be otherwise than cautious and slow in speaking?" - Confucius, Analects, bk. xii, c. iii, v. 3. – And in acting. Should he act then otherwise than among like-minded volunteers, while recognizing the experimental freedom and different choices of dissenters? – JZ, 14.11.08. - PANARCHISM

CAVEAT EMPTOR: Caveat emptor, as Professor Sparks defines it, 'is nothing more than a doctrine that the seller will not be held responsible for promises he did not make or purport to make in any manner whatever." - Dennis Bechara - Another view of consumerism, in THE FREEMAN, 10/77, p. 611. - CONSUMERISM, GUARANTIES

CAVEAT VENDITOR: as Judge Richard Posner points out in his 'The Economics of Justice' (Harvard, 1981), 'the rule of CAVEAT EMPTOR in 19th century Anglo-American common law (has) giv(en)way to CAVEAT VENDITOR'. That is, instead of the buyer taking care out of an obligation to be prudent, these days it is the seller who is forced to take care so nothing untoward happens to the buyer ... in virtually every field of production and trade." - Tibor Machan, Liberty & Culture, p.155. – At least the producer owes sufficient information and warnings to the potential buyer so that he can make a sufficiently informed decision. – A seller of thousands to hundred-thousands of items cannot check all of them out sufficiently. - JZ, 14.11.08.

CD PROJECT: A CD-ROM disc you can hold in your hand may contain the content of a medium-sized library. One day something no larger will be able to hold all the books that have ever been written.” - Arthur C. Clarke, Greetings, Carbon-Based Bipeds! Harper/Collins, 2000, p.413. – What percentage of all libertarian writings is easily accessible to you in your own private library, the nearest bookshops or the nearest public library? – JZ, 13.11.08. - CDs & BOOKS, LIBRARIES, LIBERTARIAN TEXTS.

CD PROJECT: A long list of people interested in this option would soon make itself superfluous - as unnecessary from then on as is now a list of people who want to use the very cheap and powerful CD-ROMs for software, music, games and encyclopedias. And yet my list of such people has grown only at a snail's pace, after many months of efforts to promote it, so that I have finally given up making this a full time effort. - JZ, 26.1.02. – See: CD-ROMS FOR LIBERTARIAN TEXTS:

CD PROJECT: A single CD or DVD could already come to contain more in freedom texts than 10 average libertarians or anarchists are able and willing to read or even study. – JZ, 24.5.04. - But then the most important texts were not written just for average people, even if, formally, they are freedom lovers. On disks even those can be published now which otherwise, for one or the other reason, had to remain unpublished. – JZ, 31.10.07. - CDs & DVDs FOR FREEDOM TEXTS.

CD PROJECT: A single or a few libertarian books are probably easier to produce and distribute on paper or online. But a whole special freedom library of up to 3,000 books could be much more economically and with less risk produced and distributed on CD-ROM. - JZ, 11.8.02, 30.10.02.

CD PROJECT: All of the books in the world contain no more information than is broadcast as video in a single large American city in a single year. Not all bits have equal value.” - Carl Sagan, quoted in ANALOG, Mid-December 1986, p. 183. - Alas, text scanning is mostly still rather laborious, more laborious than e.g. shooting a video tape. - JZ, 28.10.02. - LIBERTARIAN BOOK PUBLISHING, INFORMATION REVOLUTION

CD PROJECT: CDs and DVDs full of freedom ideas, the solutions liberty and rights offer, freedom texts & discussions, without copyrights restrictions and with the standing invitation to supplement and complete their offers. At least annually issuing new editions. Allow free copying, giving them away and selling them, but, anyhow, spreading them freely and widely, as cheaply as possible. A CD could offer zipped up to 3000 books, a DVD up to 15 000 books and a HD of 320 Gbs over a million. They ought to be spread almost like manure in agriculture, but here to fertilize minds and thus they could, at least indirectly, benefit everybody. Almost everybody could afford such a freedom library. No downloading times, costs and risks. Almost instant access to the best ideas, formulations and solutions of the remaining problems. – JZ, 31.10.03, 22.10.07. - CDs, DVDs & HDs FOR LIBERTY, PEACE, JUSTICE & GENERAL ENLIGHTENMENT

CD PROJECT: CDs containing music, games, software and even encyclopedias do minimize reading. Where are the first 300,000 CD-ROMs reproducing all of the worthwhile books, articles and essays? Where are the 300 CD-ROMs that might already suffice to reproduce all freedom writings? Where is the external 1 TB HD offered containing all the pro-freedom texts? Can we afford to ignore that option any longer? - JZ, 31.1.02, 12.11.08.

CD PROJECT: Every day, 1,000 books are published around the world. Every five years the amount of knowledge in print doubles…” - Angela Rossmanith, NATURE & HEALTH, April May, 1998, page 34. - Alas, much of this is not knowledge but errors, myths and prejudices and the freedom lovers have still not got their literature together, neither in print, nor on websites, nor on microfiche, nor on floppies or CD-ROMs, far less on DVDs or an external HD. The obstacle is not in the affordable alternative media or in scanning programs or scanners, which have become very affordable, but in their minds and in their lack of sufficient cooperation, e.g. via e-mails, required to fill as powerful media. - JZ, 26.1.02, 12.11.08. - MICROFILMS, FLOPPY DISKS, BOOK PUBLISHING & KNOWLEDGE

CD PROJECT: For libertarian texts the CD or DVD reproduction and distribution costs per title are even smaller than they are for music, games, software and movies. However, if up to 3000 titles are reproduced zipped on a CD and up to 15 000 titles on a DVD, then copyright earnings for each of the titles can only be very small, unless a huge price is charged for such disks, which would make them hard to impossible to sell. Thus this method is economical only for texts no longer copyrighted or for which no copyrights are claimed, at least not for this kind of reproduction. Texts of whole freedom libraries offered in this way have the advantage that they do save much in search and downloading times and for many, who still pay for connection time per hour, in downloading costs. Moreover, these discs can be thoroughly checked before duplication and distribution and thus reduce the risk from various virus attacks, now also coming from various websites one looks up. Nevertheless, they have so far hardly been used for libertarian text reproduction. If people really wanted to read texts only in print-outs on paper, then they could to this printing out themselves, at home. I think that libertarians should make sufficient use of this option for their writings and finally assemble them in a single external hard disk. One of 320 GB could contain over a million books or their equivalent in pages. I see no sound reason or excuse for not working for libertarian enlightenment with such powerful and cheap media. Do you? – JZ, 5.9.01, 24.10.070. - CD & DVD REPRODUCTION & EXTERNAL HD REPRODUCTION, DISTRIBUTION OF LIBERTARIAN TEXTS

CD PROJECT: Freedom should be defended in depth, not just superficially with a few slogans, leaflets, meetings, newsletters, periodicals and recent books, but with ALL freedom writings, made permanently and cheaply accessible, at least on some of the affordable alternative media. - JZ, - 30.7.01. - MICROFICHE, FLOPPY DISKS, WEBSITES, E-MAIL-PUBLISHING, ALTERNATIVE MEDIA, LIBERTY LIBRARY, LIBERTY PUBLISHING

CD PROJECT: I prefer postal and slow communication of large quantities of freedom texts, whole special freedom libraries on discs, via the P.O., after such CDs etc. are thoroughly checked for viruses etc., to faster communication via downloading or email attachments, of relatively few or short freedom texts, which may often be infected. – JZ, 23.11.04. – How long would it take and cost to download a whole freedom library? – JZ, 8.2.08. - CD USE FOR LARGE QUANTITIES OF FREEDOM TEXTS

CD PROJECT: I would like to see many CDs and DVDs compiled and published, each containing 3000 to15 000 books or their page equivalents, zipped, preferably only of the titles that compare to others like pearls to manure. They could offer the so far cheapest and most helpful reference libraries and we should start with freedom, peace and justice texts disks. – They might become the most helpful tools to promote and speed up enlightenment. Instead, so far, we have filled up such disks mainly only with music, movies, games and software. - JZ, 13.2.07, 25.10.07. - CDs FULL OF BOOKS CONTAINING THE BEST IDEAS, IDEAS ARCHIVE, SUPERCOMPUTER PROJECT, LIBERTARIAN LIBRARY

CD PROJECT: I would like to see many libertarians partly filling a CD or DVD with libertarian texts accessible to them, then passing duplicates of it to other libertarians, with the request to copy it and to add other libertarian texts that they have to offer. Between them they could thus come to fill one and finally several libertarian CDs and DVDs and, ultimately, produce a comprehensive libertarian library on a 1 TB HD, which could being up to 3 million books or equivalent pages. Why isn’t such a collaboration practised as yet, sufficiently, at least for all the libertarian titles out of copyrights or not copyrighted? Disks and scanners are cheap enough. To avoid duplication a list should be made that would indicate all titles already electronically available. The beginnings of such a list are on - Who will help complete it and thus help to finally offer all libertarian texts in any electronic medium, including, especially, disks? – JZ, 26.10.07. . –CD, DVD & EXTERNAL HD USE FOR LIBERTARIAN TEXTS

CD PROJECT: Mobilize all the words and books for liberty - on CD-ROMs. - JZ, 27.7.01

CD PROJECT: Obviously, you are already in favor of putting all freedom writings on the Internet, at least in abstracts, extracts, bibliographies, reviews, sales lists and advertisements. But do you also favor putting a large number of them on a single cheap CD-ROM? Do you see the economic advantages of such publishing compared with paper and microfilm editions and do you see the costs and labors involved in putting and keeping them online and downloading them in quantities from the Internet? Or are you in the lucky position that publishing, downloading and online reading costs do not matter to you at all? Is the fact that up to 3,000 freedom books could be permanently published on a single 30 cents CD-ROM blank not of interest to you? Indeed, an individual could not easily gather 650 to 800 Mbs. of digitized freedom texts for such publishing but that should not matter greatly, precisely because the online option exists for gathering many MB of freedom texts from others, willing to cooperate in such publishing. By all means, discuss this publishing and reading alternative online. It has already won its case as far as the publishing of encyclopedias, software, music, games, movies, software and some classical book collections is concerned. - JZ, 28.7.01, 26.1.02. - CD-ROMs & WEBSITES OR ONLINE PUBLISHING?

CD PROJECT: One firm, mentioned on the Internet, offers 300,000 music CDs! - Radio ABC 18.6.01. – Do libertarians, between them, offer so far 30 CDs, each filled with 3000 freedom books or their page equivalent? – JZ, 8.2.08. - CD-ROM publishing, Q.

CD PROJECT: Opening a libertarian CD-ROM, containing 650 Mbs of the kinds of texts one is interested in, would go faster and could be much cheaper and easier than finding and downloading from the Internet 650 Mbs of the kind of texts that one is interested in. All potential libertarian CD-ROM publishers and readers should take note of this fact. All libertarian writings on a few CD-ROMs is within our reach. Just this insight and some e-mail collaboration is required to achieve comprehensive, very cheap and lasting libertarian publishing and information services. The Internet does not yet provide a comprehensive libertarian library and perhaps never will or not soon enough. - JZ, 24.4.01, 29.1.02. – KODAK is now offering Gold Preservation CD-R’s, 52x 700 MBs, which are supposed to last up to 300 years, for an affordable price. – JZ, 12.11.08. PUBLISHING, LIBERTARIAN LIBRARY, LIBERTARIAN ENCYCLOPAEDIA, BIBLIOGRAPHY, ABSTRACTS, REVIEWS, INDEX, DIRECTORIES - CD-ROMS FOR LIBERTARIAN LITERATURE:

CD PROJECT: So far the CD & DVD and HD text publishing and reading options are as much neglected by libertarians and anarchists as they neglected, for decades, their microfilm publishing and reading options. There is no law against it, apart from copyrights restrictions for many texts, and yet these powerful media are hardly used for this purpose at all. Not even floppy disks were widely used to publish cheaply up to 6 books, zipped. Why? Apathy? Lack of initiative? Lack of imagination? Lack of knowledge, skills and experience, as in my case, regarding optimal contents listing and text arrangements and linkage? (I made only one flawed and incomplete try, so far, with a CD on panarchism and monetary freedom, produced in a hurry, just copying lots of files together, in various formats and without providing a contents list.) At least some of the freedom lovers should have the ability to optimally arrange such text collections, of whole special freedom libraries on a disk and could accept input from all others and produce with them sales items. – This neglect is all the harder to explain when seeing how extensively CDs and DVDs are used for movies, software, games, music, encyclopedias, collections of digitized photos etc. JZ, 18.5.04, 31.10.07. - CDs & MICROFILM PUBLISHING OPTIONS

CD PROJECT: The CD revolution for software, games, music, encyclopedias and movies is already achieved. That for CDs on freedom, rights, peace, justices, progress and prosperity options is still to come or to be organized. – JZ, 15.1.04, 31.10.07. CD-REVOLUTION, INFORMATION EXPLOSION – MAKE IT REAL, FOR LIBERTARIAN TEXTS!

CD PROJECT: To publish only one or a few books on a CD is an extreme under-utilization of this medium, since, zipped, it could come to offer 3000 books, a DVD even 15000 and a HD over a million. Why the potential market is not yet flooded with special reference libraries, especially freedom book collections, in this format, is still a riddle to me. – JZ, 21.10.05. - CDs FOR BOOKS

CEASE FIRE: History has seen wars that used up less ammunition than a cease-fire does today." - Morrie Brickman, R.D. - Almost all respect for the peace making efforts of territorial governments and for their treaties and promises has been lost, due to their numerous wrong and irrational actions. – But then how much justice and rationality can one expect of territorial governments or warfare States? - JZ, 26.4.94, 14.11.08. - ARMISTICES, PEACE, TREATIES, WARS, DIPLOMACY, NEGOTIATIONS, SUMMIT CONFERENCES, UN, WAR

CELEBRATIONS: I don't like either other people, the calendar, the law, governments or customs to determine for me whether, where, when, why, how and to what extent I should celebrate. - JZ, 23.3.89. - FESTIVALS, HOLIDAYS, CELEBRATIONS

CELIBACY: Fuck celibacy." - ST. JOHN'S BREAD – Should it not be one of uncounted individual choices as well? Is it not preferable for its victims to enforced sexual intercourse, i.e. rape? – JZ, 7.11.10.

CENSORSHIP: A censor is a man who knows more than he thinks you ought to. – Granville Hicks, 1901-1982.

CENSORSHIP: A government that is shielded from criticism can get away with any infamy." - Henry Meulen in THE INDIVIDUALIST, Dec. 76. - The shielding may now not occur by official censors but by an army of legislators, lawyers, judges and bureaucratic regulators. - JZ

CENSORSHIP: An immoral act of coercive suppression - usually done in the name of morality." - Simon Jester, No. 118.

CENSORSHIP: An ounce of constructive freedom of expression - and be it only on photocopies, microfiche, audio tapes, computer disks or online - is worth a ton of mere criticism or censorship. - JZ, 22.6.93, 26.4.94, 14.11.08.

CENSORSHIP: As a rule most people censor or restrict their own thoughts, ideas, interests and studies and their expressions much more so than the governments do. - JZ, 25.8.85.

CENSORSHIP: censorship could keep out of circulation important discoveries, literary masterpieces, political wisdom, etc.; ..." - Tibor R. Machan, REASON 5/72. – The absence of an Ideas Archive or Super-Computer Project is even more effective in keeping good ideas and talents out of circulation. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CENSORSHIP: Censorship has a case: Censor and if possible destroy all recipes and plans for the construction of nuclear weapons and of other mass murder devices. - JZ, 11/73, 26.4.94. - However, more peace promoting would be attempts to replace the territorial warfare states by exterritorially autonomous and competing peaceful societies of volunteers. - JZ, 6.6.94. – PANARCHISM, ELIMINATING TARGETS, MOTIVES & POWERS FOR MASS MURDERS, PEACE, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

CENSORSHIP: Censorship is ... the greatest discouragement and affront that can be offered to learning and to learned men." - Quoted in OPTION, 4/77, p. 14. – Is imprisoning or murdering them not still worse? – JZ, 14.11.08.

CENSORSHIP: Censorship is needed, says Mr. Fuller (Man in Modern Fiction, N.Y., Random House), but censorship that is self-imposed; censorship by writers, reviewers, critics, and publishers themselves, not by bureaucrats." - Robert Thornton, THE FREEMAN, Sep. 60. – SELF-CENSORSHIP, DISCRETION, DISCRIMINATION & EDITING

CENSORSHIP: Censorship is telling a man he can’t have a steak just because a baby can’s chew it. -  Mark Twain – in 

CENSORSHIP: Censorship is the forcible preventing of the production or trading of communicative works." - Paul Lepanto, Return to Reason, p.124.

CENSORSHIP: Censorship on goods and services exchanges (in its various forms) is no less wrong and harmful as censorship over opinion and ideas exchanges. - JZ in PEACE PLANS 29. – FREE ECONOMY, FREE ENTERPRISE, FREE TRADE, MONETARY FREEDOM, CAPITALISM, FINANCIAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION

CENSORSHIP: Censorship reflects a society’s lack of confidence in itself.” – Potter Stewart, quoted in ANALOG, 8/94.

CENSORSHIP: For in compelling a citizen to refrain from depicting violence, it is the censor who is violent, as his sanctions threaten the violence of imprisonment and confiscation." - R. Dennis Corrigan, OPTION 4/77.

CENSORSHIP: Freedom cannot be censored into existence." - D. D. Eisenhower, b. 1890. – JUSTICE, PEACE, PROSPERITY, PROGRESS, SOUND CURRENCIES

CENSORSHIP: General censorship in war time is as useless and self-defeating as price control. - JZ, 21.1.73. - But you are no more obliged to tell your enemies all truth than you are obliged to sell him weapons. - JZ, 30.7.78. - There are truths to be uttered and rightful promises to be made and kept towards every subject and soldier of an enemy regime. - JZ, 26.4.94. - DESERTION, WAR AIMS, GOVERNMENTS-IN-EXILE, APPEALS, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE, PUBLICITY VS. SECRECY, OPENNESS

CENSORSHIP: I believe rather in drawing men toward good than shutting them out from bad.” – Emile Zola. - Theodore Schroeder, compiler, “Free Press Anthology”, 1909, Sec. III, ”Laconics of Toleration and Free Inquiry.”

CENSORSHIP: I find it very offensive when the government tells me what I can and cannot watch. [...] Censor yourself." - Michael Badnarik

CENSORSHIP: If all mankind minus one, were of one opinion, and only one person were of the contrary opinion, mankind would be no more justified in silencing that one person, than he, if he had the power, would be justified in silencing mankind." - John Stuart Mill, quoted in Sprading, p.119.

CENSORSHIP: If the State feels threatened by a small thought then it becomes obvious that the thought is great and the State is small." – (“Sieht sich der Staat von einem kleinen Gedanken bedroht, ist es klar, dass der Gedanke gross ist und der Staat klein.") - Stanislaw Jerzy Lec. - The right ideas, fully mobilised, could, indeed, destroy territorial States without killing any of their subjects. - JZ, 5.7.92. – IDEAS ARCHIVE, LIBERATION, WAR & PEACE AIMS, NEGOTIATONS WITH ENEMY SUBJECTS RATHER THAN THEIR REGIMES, TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, ENLIGHTENMENT

CENSORSHIP: In any reasonably large government organisation, there exists an elaborate system of information cut-offs, comparable to that by which city water systems shut off larger water main breaks by closing down first small feeder pipes, then larger and larger valves. The object is to prevent information, particularly of unpleasant character, from rising to the top of the agency where it may produce results unpleasant to the lower ranks. Thus, the executive at or near the top lives in constant danger of not knowing, until he reads it on page one some morning, that his department is hip-deep in disaster." - WASHINGTON MONTHLY, quoted in SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 6/78.

CENSORSHIP: Is it not interesting to note that murder is a crime. Describing murder is not. Sex is not a crime. Describing sex is." - Pat Brooks, in a letter in 1972.

CENSORSHIP: It is not pornography that is the crime, it is censorship." - H. L. Mencken.

CENSORSHIP: It is not the function of government to keep the citizens from error; the function of the citizens is to keep the government from error." - Source? Paine? Mill? – As long as governments are not territorially enforced upon whole populations they should be free to persist with their errors, mistakes, prejudices and wrongful actions – at the expense and risk of their remaining volunteers. – JZ, 14.11.08. – PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

CENSORSHIP: Keep your human right to the use of your eyes." - ST. JOHN'S BREAD. – Tongues, ears, pens and keyboards! – JZ, 14.11.08.

CENSORSHIP: Laws designed to respect, rather than degrade the minds of men, also could be passed, as in laws forbidding anyone, particularly any level of government, the right forcefully to practise censorship or enforce conformity. (It goes without saying, of course, that this would scarcely prevent a parent from 'censoring' inputs to a dependent child, if the parent felt so unsure of the child as to think he or she needed it, nor would it prevent any other consensual relationships. If some people WANT to let someone else think for them, it probably would be impossible to stop them. But what eagerly should be opposed is their right to extend the action forcefully to cover anyone else!)" - Karl Hess, The Lawless State, p.23/24.

CENSORSHIP: Let each man his own censor be." - quoted in AUSTRALASIAN POST, 23.3.78

CENSORSHIP: Meeting the censor on the street, the author was asked what he was writing, and was told that the censor wished to see it immediately upon its completion. At the time China was going through one of its periods of strict censorship, so Hus Wei, according to the story, made plans. – He had his book printed on extremely thin rice paper and before submitting it to the censor he carefully planted a small dab of poison on the upper right-hand corner of each page. – Louis L’Amour, Education of a Wandering Man, 200. - RESISTANCE AGAINST IT

CENSORSHIP: More than half of modern culture depends on what one shouldn't read." - Oscar Wilde.

CENSORSHIP: Mr. President, I'm … mortified to be told that, in the US of America  a question about the sale of a book can be carried before the civil magistrate … are we to have a censor whose imprimatur shall say what books may be sold and what we may buy? - Shall a layman, simple as ourselves, set up his reason as the rule for what we are to read? … It is an insult to our citizens to question whether they are rational beings or not.” - Respectfully, Thomas Jefferson."

CENSORSHIP: Pornography doesn't commit crimes, just as gas stoves and cars don't. People do." - Merilyn Giesekam, FREE ENTERPRISE, 6/76.

CENSORSHIP: Puritan, n. A pious gentleman, who believed in letting all people do as - he likes." - A. Bierce.

CENSORSHIP: taxation and subsidies, which are nothing more than a form of censorship applied to information provided by the market.” - Christian Michel.

CENSORSHIP: The dirtiest book of all is the expurgated book.” - Walt Whitman. - OBSCENITY

CENSORSHIP: The ideal, quite just, rational and harmless censor is a myth. Each rational adult should be his own censor or selector of his own reading matter. – JZ, 14.11.08.


CENSORSHIP: The peculiar evil of silencing the expression of an opinion is that it is robbing the human race." - John Stuart Mill.

CENSORSHIP: Those freedom lovers, who would rather see the whole case for liberty remain largely unpublished or out of print than resort to microfiche or disc self-publishing and reading options, do also practise a kind of unconscious self-censorship. In its effects it may be the most disastrous of them all. - JZ, 6.6.94. – It keeps more texts out of circulation than the censors do – and the victims, potential publishers and readers of these alternative media, impose this restriction upon themselves! – JZ, 14.11.08.

CENSORSHIP: To limit the press is to insult a nation; to prohibit reading of certain books is to declare the inhabitants to be either fools or knaves. – Claude-Adrien Helvetius- FREEDOM OF THE PRESS, EXPRESSION & INFORMATION, BOOKS, READING, MEDIA

CENSORSHIP: We can never be sure that the opinion we are endeavouring to stifle is a false opinion; and even if we were sure, stifling it would be an evil still." - John Stuart Mill, 1806-73.

CENSORSHIP: When the Viennese government compiled a Catalogue of Forbidden Books in 1765, so many Austrians used it as a reading guide that the Hapsburgh censors were forced to include the Catalogue itself as a forbidden book. - Craig Nelson –JOKES

CENSORSHIP: Whenever they burn books they will also, in the end, burn human beings.” – Heinrich Heine (1797-1856), Almansor: A Tragedy, 1823. , BOOK BURNINGS & BURNING PEOPLE

CENSORSHIP: Where men cannot freely convey their thoughts to one another, no other liberty is secure. – William E. Hocking, 1873-1966, Freedom of the Press, 1947.

CENSORSHIP: Woe betide the nation whose literature is interrupted by force. This is not merely a violation of freedom of the press, it is the incarceration of the nation's heart, the amputation of the nation's memory." - Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, on receiving his Nobel Prize. – READER’S DIGEST, 9/74.

CENSUS: As most of the information required was unnecessary for the functioning of a non-interfering government, it can only be of use to a government which intends to interfere." – Gary Courtney, THE LIBERTARIAN NEWSLETTER, Nov. 2, 1976.

CENSUS: Census collectors are paid for supervising this kind of unpaid slave labour - which can only serve to further enslave us.- JZ, 1/7/86, 27/4/94.

CENSUS: Census information is nobody's business - unless the information is either freely sold or given away. - JZ, 5.8.91, 27.4.94.

CENSUS: Census? Count me out! - JZ, 8/72.

CENSUS: Governments should not plunder and coercively run the people, like the Soviets tried to do. They should thus not be given census information to enable them to even try to do so. According to history, the first census was for tax purposes. All modern census efforts are not on behalf of human rights and liberties but on behalf of our ruling bureaucrats and politicians and their academic and business hangers-on. - JZ, 5.8.91,4.8.92.

CENSUS: If you think it's none of the government's business with whom you share your toilet, or household, join the Committee for a Voluntary Census, Box 1984, Warminster, Pennsylvania 18974." – SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 4/1980.

CENSUS: Information coercively gathered for wrongful purposes, like the coercive and centralised "planning" of other people's lives for them, without their permission and consent. - JZ, 5.8.91, 3.9.91.

CENSUS: It's immoral to force anybody to tell a lie. - JZ, 19.6.76.

CENSUS: Some criminal actions are not actively prosecuted in practice or are under lesser penalties than census resistance. This, to me, is a strong indication that the government wants to make criminal use of the census information and be it only to further its standard robbery: taxation. - JZ, 6.6.94.

CENSUS: Taken with all the other things the government is slowly gathering control of, the census is just another bar in the cage being built to hold us. Secret police, media control boards, progressive centralisation of power, more sophisticated methods of information storage and cross referencing, relentless increases in economic control and social regulation - and now we're even required - FORCED by law - to provide yet more information for the governmental machine." - John Singleton with Bob Howard, Rip van Australia, p.36.

CENSUS: The filling out of the census form is unpaid slave labour - with the whip of a large fine held over the victim. - JZ, 5.8.91.

CENTENARY: Do we celebrate the progress of 200 years, that has seen us "advance" from "importing" convicts and slaves to deporting innocents? - JZ, 17.3.88, 7.11.10. - Immigration Restrictions, National Land Tenure, Territorialism, INTERNMENT & DEPORTATION OF ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS

CENTRAL BANKING: A centralised money issue is comparable to the attempt to supply a whole country with fresh bread from one central bakery or to supply all irrigation requirements of a country from one centralised water supply. - JZ, 17.4.94, free after Ulrich von Beckerath.

CENTRAL BANKING: A single monopolistic governmental agency can neither possess the information which should govern the supply of money nor would it, if it knew what it ought to do in the general interest, usually be in a position to act in that manner." – F. A. Hayek, Denationalisation of Money, p.80. - In the absence of market-rating for its issues, due to legal tender power for them ( meaning compulsory acceptance and acceptance at par with its nominal value ), and also in the absence of internal competition for its currency, a central bank acts like a doctor who tries to measure a fever without a fever thermometer. - Analogy by Ulrich von Beckerath. - JZ

CENTRAL BANKING: Abolish central banks - Let them continue to exist - but only for their voluntary supporters. They do deserve the consequences of their choice. – JZ, Facebook, 30.10.11, 24.10.12.

CENTRAL BANKING: Africa Rising: Could a shared currency in East Africa avoid the euro's woes?- - More centralized banking instead of the problems less central banking has caused there? Confine all central banking institutions and their currencies to their volunteers - and expose them to free competition in the supply of exchange media, clearing options and value standards. Then the popular misunderstanding of Gresham's Law will become reversed and good monies, clearing systems and value standards will drive out the bad and the inferior ones, via individual preferences. Bad monies and value standards need monopolies and legal tender power to persist and suppress the better alternatives. – JZ, 18.11.11, on Facebook.

CENTRAL BANKING: All of the FED's powers, measures & institutions should be confined to its remaining volunteers. All others should become free to do their own things. How long would it last under free competition? – JZ, on Facebook, 18.8.12. - & THE FED

CENTRAL BANKING: All that central banks offer are currencies that lose value - the best depreciate quickly (50 percent in 20 years for the German Bundesbank from 1971 to 1991), the worst lose their value virtually overnight. - Douglas French – INFLATION

CENTRAL BANKING: All those who aspired to dictatorial control over modern nations have understood the necessity for a central bank." - Gary Allen, Die Insider, Wohltaeter oder Diktatoren? Wiesbaden, 1974, quoted in Otani, Untergang eines Mythos, S. 143.

CENTRAL BANKING: Alluding to the 1974 recession, Robert Weintraub, a former university economics professor who is now on the staff of the House Banking Committee said, 'There's no question that the Fed is the number-one villain in letting our economy go down the drain. It has traditionally been devoted to controlling interest rates, and this has led it into increasing the money supply too rapidly during the periods of inflation, trying to keep interest rates from rising, and into tightening up the money supply quickly in periods of recession. ... Unfortunately, this alternating opening and closing of the spigot first fans the fires of inflation, as in 1972 and 1973, and then causes or exacerbates recessions, as in 1974..." - Lee Berton, in PENTHOUSE INTERNATIONAL, 10/76.

CENTRAL BANKING: The Evil Princes of Martin Place: The Reserve Bank of Australia, the Global Financial Cr - - All such efforts should be confined to their volunteers, under full exterritorial autonomy & personal law. Then they can harm and wrong only themselves. Experimental freedom in all spheres, as long as, thereby, the genuine individual rights and liberties of others are not infringed or threatened. For me good examples would be, e.g. an ammunition depot or a nuclear reactor next door to me or even at some distance from me. Central banks only for their voluntary victims! JZ, 19.3.11, on Facebook - & ITS MONETARY DESPOTISM VS. VOLUNTARISM & EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM, FREE BANKING

CENTRAL BANKING: and of using the Federal Reserve to force what amounts to counterfeit money on the banks." - John Chamberlain, introducing Irwin A. Schiff, The Biggest Con. - How can one counterfeit one's own issues? One can over-issue or under-issue them but in the presence of legal tender, i.e., in the absence of market rating for them, combined also with the suppression of competitive inland issuers, one cannot possibly supply, except very temporarily and by chance, just as many exchange media in any particular locality as are then and there required. The central bank's forced and exclusive currency has been more aptly described as standardised requisitioning certificates or forced currency or monopoly money. - JZ, 27.4.94.

CENTRAL BANKING: Any currency entrusted to a central bank is almost bound to become depreciated almost constantly and greatly ever few every years or decades. As a rule its legal tender power and its territorial monopoly for the issue of money tokens will see to this, combined with the ever-lasting great financial needs of all territorial governments. Its independence merely means that sometimes and temporarily it can and will slow down the depreciation of the state paper money which it officially manages and mismanages. – JZ, 9.4.05. – But it will never act against the special interests of its government for long. – JZ, 22.10.07. - GOVERNMENTAL EXCLUSIVE & FORCED CURRENCIES, LEGAL TENDER, MONETARY DESPOTISM, INFLATION, DEPRECIATION, DEFLATION, MONEY ISSUE MONOPOLY

CENTRAL BANKING: Boldness not backed by justice and reason is always a recipe for disaster. There is nothing just or reasonable about any central bank with an issue monopoly and legal tender power of its "money". – JZ, 15.12.11, ON: Europe lays out bold plan to save euro: Can it avert global recession? - - & ITS MONETARY DESPOTISM

CENTRAL BANKING: But the banking system, which only 50 years ago was regarded as the crowning achievement of financial wisdom, has largely discredited itself. This is even more true since, with the abandonment of the gold standard and fixed exchange rates, the central banks have acquired fuller discretionary powers than when they were still trying to act on firm rules. And this is true no less where the aim of policy is still a reasonable degree of stability, as in countries overwhelmed by inflation." – F. A. Hayek, Denationalisation of Money, p.78. - Russia is now a model example of what is likely to happen when a communist regime is de-throned but the communistic central banking system remains. All Western countries, with their mass unemployment, inflations, stagflations, bankruptcies and sales difficulties are also models for the same disastrous economic interference. - JZ, 27.4.94.

CENTRAL BANKING: CAN any CENTRAL BANK fulfill its mandate? Has it ever? Is it any better than an absolute monarchy or absolute despotism or a totalitarian regime in "its" sphere? Has any central bank ever done what was expected of it or hoped for from it? Has any national currency ever been kept stable and sufficiently supplied by any of them, over the years and decades? I know of no such example. Nevertheless, these monsters are legally upheld and protected from competition by really free and sound note-issuing banks. The "crazy pills" are the wrong and irrational ideas of monetary despotism. – JZ, 8.12.11, on: Something's wrong with the economy- MSN Money - – Q.

CENTRAL BANKING: Canberra imposing economic dictatorship through the Reserve Bank. Lenin said any government which had central bank control was 90 % on the way to communism.” - Lang Hancock, in Wake Up Australia, E.J. Dwyer (Australia) Pty. Ltd, Sydney, 1970, p.16. - RESERVE BANK & COMMUNISM

CENTRAL BANKING: Central Bankers: Stop Dithering. Do Something. - - Confine central banking and government taxation and spending to their remaining volunteers. Permit all others to use whichever monetary and financial alternatives they like for their affairs. Then the best systems would rapidly spread from their first successful users. Central banking, taxation and government budget spending have only vast and prolonged failures to offer - except that they did successfully uphold their statist and territorial mythology, like absolute monarchs once upheld the myth of divine authority. – JZ, 25.11.11, Facebook. - & TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS & TOTALITARIANISM VS. VOLUNTARISM & EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS

CENTRAL BANKING: Central banking does not enable us to undertake all possible, wanted and rightful exchanges but prevents many of them. To that extent it does commit largely unaccounted for wrongs and does not fully accounted for damages. – Alas, it and its supporters are not yet recognized as major culprits for the existing economic conditions and crises. - JZ, 25.8.98, 6.10.08. – MONETARY FREEDOM VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM, ECONOMIC CRISES, UNEMPLOYMENT, DEFLATION, INFLATION, SALES DIFFICULTIES, BANKRUPTCIES

CENTRAL BANKING: central banking increases monetary instability." - L.F. Bookshop catalog on M. Friedman's monetary history of the U.S. 

CENTRAL BANKING: Central Banking leads to inflationary policies and mal-investments in the economic system." - Roy Childs, Liberty Against Power.

CENTRAL BANKING: Central banking only by and for its believers. Another rightful application of personal law. Whoever make foolish choices for themselves do have the right to do so and they alone should suffer the consequences. – JZ, 7.3.12. - Central banking ONLY for its voluntary victims!" – JZ, Facebook, 27.12.11, to Katter's rate vow - bank on it - - Free banking or full monetary and financial freedom for those, who choose it for themselves. – JZ, 5.10.12.

CENTRAL BANKING: Central banking was not made for man – but for central bankers, politicians and bureaucrats. – JZ, 22.2.03.

CENTRAL BANKING: Central banks and governmental treasuries are themselves the main arsonists, rather the fire-fighters. – JZ, 29.1.11, comment to: Lael Brainard Is Washington’s Financial Envoy to Euro Crisis - - & TREASURIES

CENTRAL BANKING: Central banks are institutions for the mismanagement of the national currency. They play here the role of the pope in the religion of Roman Catholicism. They are the main and only engines of monetary despotism and as such they must become abolished or destroyed. – JZ, 4.6.99, 25.9.08. – At least for all those who do not voluntarily subscribe to central banking theories and actions. – JZ, 12.11.08.

CENTRAL BANKING: Central banks are neither able nor willing to issue and administer any currency rightfully, honestly, soundly and efficiently for a whole country. At most they can do this for the government's tax foundation paper currency and its coinage. But even government rare metal coinage has never remained un-depreciated for very long - not to speak of its record of paper money issues. - JZ, 30.9.02.

CENTRAL BANKING: Central banks are totalitarian institutions for the mismanagement of the economies of whole countries. – JZ, 22.9.98, 27.9.08.

CENTRAL BANKING: Central banks do not and cannot provide a sound and sufficient currency and were not legally established for that purpose, either, just like politicians, in spite of all their assertions and promises, cannot really represent us. – They were established for currency manipulation, mostly for its depreciation, to “finance” the costs of wars and welfare statism. – Just like despotism, territorialism and centralization “for” freedom, justice and peace, it is the wrong tool for the job. It can only “achieve” the opposite of its promises to the public and does so intentionally. - That is why it was established and maintained. - JZ, 27.8.12.

CENTRAL BANKING: Central banks fund all sides of every war. They never lose. - Redmond Weissenberger shared Ben Sovereign Mihalski's photo. – Facebook, 1.8.12. - They cannot "fund" anything but can expropriate almost everybody, destroying savings and credits by reducing the value of their currency to next to nothing. Germany introduced legal tender by 1.1.1910, in preparation for the next war - as was revealed in the opinions and proposals of the Bank Enquete of 1908, then fixed into law in 1909, which came into force on 1.1.10. The greatest German inflation and depressions were 2 results, each of them cost Germany, economically, as much as WW I. WW I and II were also made possible through it and the rise of the Nazi regime as well. One of the first actions of Lenin was to occupy the central bank in Leningrad. From then on he was the only one able to "pay" his way. His opponents had never explored monetary and financial freedom alternatives. If they had, they might have won, especially if they had also adopted personal law and exterritorial autonomy for all societies, communities and governance systems of volunteers only. History is full of missed opportunities - and so is our times. – JZ, n.d. -

CENTRAL BANKING: Central Banks Move Into Gold - - Can any central bank really be conducted quite competently, in spite of being a vast monopoly and a coercive institution? The old and classical gold standard is certainly neither the only nor the best monetary and value standard option for freedom lovers. – JZ, 8.8.11, on Facebook. – , Q. - GOLD

CENTRAL BANKING: Central banks, with all their legalized powers, are quite capable and often willing to reduce very much the value of the currency entrusted to them to preserve its value, and even to close to zero. Anyhow, all of them are well on this road and their supposed role as “guardians of the value of the national currency” is practically forgotten - for almost no protest is raised on how they mismanage their job. – JZ, 24.5.00, 5.10.08. – INFLATION

CENTRAL BANKING: Central banks: The path to recovery proves to be a long and painful one - - - Robin Harding article in FINANCIAL TIMES, 22.9.11: Allow people to ignore the monopolies and powers of the central banks - then recovery will be fast and easy. If not artificially and wrongfully restrained from doing this, we will produce and exchange as much as we want to, producing the exchange media and exchange methods, including the clearing avenues we want and using the value standards we prefer. Better exchange media and clearing avenues would be competitively supplied, also better value standards and we would be free to choose the best among them, ignoring or refusing the inferior and bad ones, in this sphere, too. E.g. local shopping centers could then issue their own shop currencies, to pay wages and salaries with, in short term loans to employers, very fast and thus assure their retail sales. – JZ, 4.10.11, on Facebook. – Central banking leads to economic crises and prolongs them. Their kind of recovery still amounts to monetary and financial despotism and thus prepares the next crisis. – JZ, 24.10.12. - FREE MARKET MONIES & SHOP CURRENCY ISSUES FOR RAPIDLY OVERCOMING MOST ECONOMIC CRISES, STARTING BY NORMALIZING DAILY TURNOVER CREDITS, & ISSUES OF SOUND, COMPETING CURRENCIES, REFUSABLE & DISCOUNTABLE TO PREVENT OVER-ISSUES AS WELL AS UNDER-ISSUES.

CENTRAL BANKING: Could even a genius turn a monopolistic and coercive central bank into a rightful, rational and economic rather than anti-economic institution? Only if he managed to abolish it, I believe. - I meant, all its wrongful but legalized powers. – JZ, 29.12.11, comment on: Obama to nominate Stein, Powell to Fed board: WSJ - - Q.

CENTRAL BANKING: Drunken Ben Bernanke Tells Everyone At Neighborhood Bar How Screwed U.S. Economy Really Is - - To me it seems that he talks some sense only when he is drunk - but he is not sensible enough to see the way out of the crisis. Does any central banker, who, naturally, tends to take central banking for granted? – JZ, 8.8.11, on Facebook.

CENTRAL BANKING: End the Fed's Dual Mandate And Focus on Prices: John B. Taylor - - Price stability is a wrongful and irrational aim. Stability of a value standard is another matter. A monopolist, like a central bank, is unlikely to keep its value standard stable. Free choice of value standards and of exchange media, clearing and credit options cannot be realized through central banking. Attempts to do so are not even comical but rather tragic, if not disastrous. – JZ, 19.9.11. - End every central bank's powers over others than their VOLUNATARY victims! – JZ, 30.9.11, on Facebook. – A basic wrong should not be “reformed” but eradicated, except for its remaining voluntary victims. – JZ, 9.10.12.FED, INFLATION, PRICES & PRICE CONTROL, PRICE STABILITY?

CENTRAL BANKING: European Central Bank Buys Bonds to Calm the Markets, but to Little Avail - - Has any central banking "policy" ever worked as expected, hoped for or predicted? – JZ, 8.8.11. – Q.

CENTRAL BANKING: Even the Federal Reserve’s chairman, Ben Bernanke, has said inflation is too low. … Ten years ago, the average cost of mining gold was about #US 250 to $US 270 an ounce. Today it is closer to $US 750. – David Potts in THE AUSTRALIAN FINANCIAL REVIEW, 27.4.11,, p.26. – 1.) Bernanke is in charge of the government’s legalized inflation machine. It is the statement either of an idiot or a liar, sitting up high. From the government’s point of view it does, naturally never produce enough in the form of the inflation tax.  - 2.) How many genuine economists are there in the USA – or in the world, who do also advocate full monetary freedom as rightful and beneficial? - 3.) Only more money in form of sound and competing monies are needed – and none of the central bank unsound and forced (legal tender) currency i.e. one with compulsory acceptance in general circulation and this at a forced and almost perpetually mismanaged fictitious and merely nominal value.  While there is still compulsory taxation, government paper money and coins could only play a role as a well managed tax foundation money, using a sound value standard and having legal tender power ONLY towards the tax offices.  - JZ, 8.5.11, 25.2.12. – TAX FOUNDATION MONEY, ISSUE MONOPOLY, LEGAL TENDER & INFLATION

CENTRAL BANKING: Ever since its founding in 1913, the Fed has described itself as an "independent" agency operated by selfless public servants striving to "fine-tune" the economy through monetary policy. In reality, however, a non-political governmental institution is as likely as a barking cat.” – Thomas J. DiLorenzo. - "Thou shalt recognize them by their fruits." - Central banks were established as supposed guardians of national currencies. Is there even a single case in which they have not, over the decades of their existence, very much depreciated the value of the national currency unit? Has any one of them fully prevented deflations and economic crises? Aren't all of them almost total failures in every respect? Name the exceptions! - JZ, 22. 11. 06. As if it were not introduced and maintained by wrongful, irrational, counterproductive legislation with self-contradictory aims and methods. – JZ, 7.1.13. - FED, BENEVOLENT MONETARY DESPOTISM? INFLATIONS, DEFLATIONS, STAGFLATIONS & CRISES, THE INEVITABLE OFFSPRING

CENTRAL BANKING: Fed Prepares to Make Itself Perfectly Clear - - Even if monetary despotism were very well communicated, that would still not justify its existence and continuance. – JZ, on FB, 7.12.11. - FED & MONETARY DESPOTISM

CENTRAL BANKING: free banking via John Tamny - "[The] Fed’s role as lender of last resort should be abolished (and while we’re at it let’s abolish the Fed, but that’s for a different article). If so, private market actors would quickly take over the Fed’s role with ease, and they would do so far more effectively for only lending to banks with good balance sheets that are merely experiencing near-term cash shortfalls." -  FED

CENTRAL BANKING: Henry Caly described the central bank as a 'splendid association of favored individuals invested with exemptions and surrounded by immunities and privileges.'" - Lee Berton, PENTHOUSE INTERNATIONAL, 10/76.

CENTRAL BANKING: House Banking Committee Chariman Henry Reuss calls the Fed 'a citadel of secrecy' and says that it is the nearest thing to a closed government autocracy..." - Lee Barton, PENTHOUSE INTERNATIONAL, 10/76.

CENTRAL BANKING: HT Sound Money New narrative on our heroic Currency Debasers at the Fed: "Central Banks are the victims of the crisis." - Seriously. - free banking via Sound Money – This “tidal wave” would very soon subside with the repeal of the central bank’s money issue monopoly and legal tender legislation for it. – JZ, 4.9.12. – Central banks are, rather, the legalized victimizers and only temporarily profitable to the State, its politicians and bureaucrats. – JZ, 13.9.12.

CENTRAL BANKING: I am convinced that the problem in our banking system is structural, not personal. That is, if Jesus and his 12 apostles took over the Federal Reserve tomorrow, but were not allowed to change the rules, the Fed would still be a monstrosity. In other words, it doesn't matter who the players are. It is the game itself, the monopoly on issue of currency, that is the problem." - R. A. Wilson, The Illuminati Papers, p.21.

CENTRAL BANKING: I do not think it an exaggeration to say that it is wholly impossible for a central bank subject to political control, or even exposed to serious political pressure, to regulate the quantity of money in a way conducive to a smoothly functioning market order." – F. A. Hayek, Denationalisation of Money, p.89. - The whole attempt was and still is as wrongful and absurd as an attempt would be to regulate the quantity and quality of all sexual intercourse actions by centralised, monopolised and coercive fiat. - JZ, 27.4.94.

CENTRAL BANKING: If it were really so rightful and efficient as it is widely believed to be then it should be able and willing to stand free competition with it, instead of being so afraid of it that it legally, and by regulations and juridically suppresses almost all internal competition with it, except that which it regards to be insignificant, like the Lets-System or that which it is insufficiently aware of, like various underground free market transactions and small cases of using emergency money issues or money substitutes, usually in so small volumes that they rarely if ever extend to wage and salary payments and to ordinary shopping practices. – JZ, 4.3.97, 28.9.08. – MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE BANKING

CENTRAL BANKING: If prices were generally rising, this might, for a while, make it easier for employers to get corresponding cash loans for wage payments etc. But sooner or later the central bank, having no suitable guide, like the free market rate for its means of payment - against a sound standard of value ( having instead, legal tender as a cover-up for lack of quality of its notes ), will fear inflation and more or less arbitrarily reduce the cash supply, which then could also start a deflationary development. - In short, the wage system, the price system, taxation and the monopolistic money supply may lead to situations where earnings and profits cannot buy back the product. - Under a complete laissez faire system, with earnings adapted to sales, prices freely corresponding to supply and demand, no confiscations of earnings and, most importantly, a competitive money supply with would liquidify the ready-for-sale consumer goods and services and which would be rapidly adaptable to the goods and service supply, such crises could not occur. On the contrary, goods and services could then be directly or almost directly turned into the cash required to purchase them, assuring a balance. ( Somewhat changed while transcribing it. JZ 19.11.85.) - JZ file: Unemployment incomplete comb of old files – FREE BANKING VS. CENTRAL BANKING, MARKET RATED MONEY VS. LEGAL TENDER OR FORCED CURRENCY

CENTRAL BANKING: If you want either inflated, deflated or stagflated currencies, let them be administered by the governments' central banks and not subjected to free market forces. - JZ, in PEACE PLANS 29, revised 21.4.94.

CENTRAL BANKING: If, as Alan Greenspan suggests, the banking system and the variable availability of money, act in pure capitalism as a fuse to prevent economic blowouts, the governmentally-imposed Federal Reserve System 'put a penny in the fuse-box', giving rise to the economic explosion of 1929." - O'Neill, Ayn Rand, p. 57.

CENTRAL BANKING: In 1781, even before the Revolutionary War was over, the leading Nationalist, Philadelphia's merchant tycoon Robert Morris, who was Congress's virtual wartime economic czar, got Congress to charter the first Central Bank, his own Bank of North America (BNA). Like the Bank of England, Congress bestowed on Morris's private BNA the monopoly privilege of issuing paper notes throughout the country. Most of these notes were issued in the purchase of newly-issued federal debt, and the BNA was made the depository of all congressional funds. After the end of the Revolutionary War, Morris lost his national political power, and he was forced to privatize the BNA swiftly and to shift it to the status of a regular private bank shorn of government privilege. – Murray N. Rothbard, The Case Against the FED. - Ludwig von Mises Institute - Facebook, 12.9.12.

CENTRAL BANKING: Is the Federal Reserve public or private? - - As long as it is a money issue monopoly bank with legal tender power for its "money", it hardly matters whether it is formally a public or a private institution. – JZ, 7.12.11. – It still amounts only to monetary despotism. – JZ, 6.10.12. -  FED

CENTRAL BANKING: It is no coincidence that the century of total war coincided with the century of central banking. – Ron Paul, quoted by Michelle Kalhorn and 2 other friends shared Chase Williams's photo. - Facebook, 24.6.12. - & WAR

CENTRAL BANKING: It's the government's banking system that creates inflation, recession, and depression." – Murray N. Rothbard, in PENTHOUSE INTERNATIONAL, 10/76. – A government’s banking system without the money issue monopoly and the legal tender power for its notes could neither cause an inflation nor a deflation nor a stagflation. – JZ, 17.11.08.

CENTRAL BANKING: Little cheer for world's central bankers at gloomy gathering- - None of these power addicts is ready to abdicate and to renounce central banking, based upon his own experience. To some, legalized crime, with millions of involuntary victims, is an addiction, which they are unwilling to beat. It pays them too well, in money, power and influence. They always get a hearing, nation-wide, sometimes even world-wide, regardless of the nonsense they utter. – JZ, 29.8.11, on Facebook. - POWER ADDICTION

CENTRAL BANKING: More Fed Easing? What Could Bernanke Be Thinking? - - Dogmatists and True Believers don't think but merely act upon their faith. – JZ, 16.7.11, on Facebook.

CENTRAL BANKING: national banking systems destroy the free market by monopolising half of every transaction: money." - Mark Kinney, The Ethology of Liberation, p. 15. – Half or all of the physical money tokens. Clearing, naturally, cannot be likewise effectively monopolized. Nor can all credit transactions become fully monopolized. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CENTRAL BANKING: On a truly free gold market central banks would no longer be permitted to hoard masses of gold at the expense of the tax payers. Nor would any government treasury be permitted to hoard masses of it, like kings did, formerly, for their “war chest”. A free gold market would also be infringed if gold coins were, anywhere, declared to be an exclusive or a legal tender currency. Nor would debt contracts, as dealings in futures of large quantities of gold be permitted, which could be fulfilled only by good luck. The right of creditors to demand payment in metallic gold should simply be done away with and replaced by the right to be paid in gold weight values only, payable in any exchange medium at its gold weight value on a free market. As a value standard gold may still be optimal for a long time. As an exclusive exchange medium it never was nor will it be ever optimal. – JZ, 23.1.06, 18.10.07. However, panarchies that wish to re-establish this kind of difficulty or “security” for their own voluntary members should not be prevented from doing so. Some people learn only through their own bad experiences. – JZ 2.11.07. - A FREE GOLD MARKET, GOLD VALUE CLEARING & ACCOUNTING, NO MORE GOLD HOARDS IN CENTRAL BANKS

CENTRAL BANKING: Perhaps there is significance in the fact that one of the first acts of a totalitarian dictatorship is to seize the central bank and total power over the monetary system." - Moreell, Log I, p.10. – Lenin set the classical example for that power-grab. – JZ, 14.11.08. But then the Reichsbank’s monetary despotism and that of the US Federal Reserve System were established in supposedly constitutional or republican countries even before the first World War and the Bank of England long before that. If fairly evaluated all these “great” experiments will be seen to have failed with their good intentions and succeeded only with their bad ones. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CENTRAL BANKING: Please remember that my key statement in “Paper Money Collapse” is this: A monetary system like ours, which is a system of entirely elastic, unconstrained fiat money under central bank control, designed to constantly expand the supply of this fiat money so that its purchasing power keeps diminishing (controlled inflation), and that will be used periodically to ‘stimulate’ growth, is not, as the mainstream would have it, a guarantor of economic stability but, to the contrary, suboptimal compared to hard money, inherently unstable and indeed unsustainable. Such a system is fundamentally incompatible with functioning capitalism and a danger to economic stability and prosperity." - “But there is no inflation!” – Misconceptions about the debasement of money. By Detlev Schlichter, on 24 October 12. – Quoted by Nizam Ahmad – Facebook, 25.10.12. – The elasticity of sound exchange media should be confined and would be confined for competitively issued sound free market monies to the volume that is needed to mediate the ever increasing volume of free exchanges resulting from ever increasing production of wanted consumer goods and services. Production and exchange should not be confined by a fixed volume of exchange media, even though their prices should be determined by fixed and agreed-upon sound value standards. In that case, while production and exchange increase through increase productivity and also more exchange media are issued or more clearing takes place, to mediate all desired and possible exchanges, their prices, expressed in sound value standards, would even tend to decrease, rather decrease, in spite of the increased volume of exchange media and exchanges through clearing. In the extreme case, when clearing is complete and perfect, no exchange media or cash would be used at all any more but merely clearing, using sound value standards. Only monopoly monies with legal tender power, i.e. a forced acceptance at a forced and fictitious value, can inflate a currency. – JZ, 26.10.12. – EXCHANGE MEDIA, CLEARING, LEGAL TENDER, MONOPOLY MONEY, INFLATION

CENTRAL BANKING: Putin brands US as 'hooligans' for printing money - - ALL central banks are hooligans of that type. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels successfully advocated this form of hooliganism in their COMMUNIST MANIFESTO of 1848, in order to assure the victory of their form of despotic STATE SOCIALISM or STATE COMMUNISM. In this respect they are still the winners - EVERYWHERE!" - JZ, 16.7.11, on Facebook – Is his “sound” ruble more than a promise? - Isn’t he, with his central bank for all of Russia, one of these “hooligans” as well? – Is there a capitalistic manifesto, which demands central banking? – JZ, 11.10.12. – Q., PRINTING “MONEY” OR, RATHER, FORCED & EXCLUSIVE CURRENCY AS A KIND OF INFLATION TAX OR REQUISITIONING CERTIFICATE? INFLATION, KARL MARX, ENGELS, COMMUNIST MANIFESTO:

CENTRAL BANKING: RAHN: Making money disappear - The legalization of the monetary despotism of central banks and of legal tender (compulsory acceptance and a forced value) for their monopoly money, has "authorized" their criminal activities in this sphere, by now for about a century in many countries. This wrongful system should become confined to its voluntary victims. Everyone should become free to opt out from under these and many other or even all territorial impositions. – JZ, 27.11.12. – & ITS MONETARY DESPOTISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, ASSOCIATIONAISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, CONTRACTARIANISM

CENTRAL BANKING: Remember the words of Lenin (one of the architects of communism) when he said that any country which has controlled the central banking system, was already 90% of the way to communism." - Lang Hancock, 1975, in paper on secession. - Monetary freedom is the best control of any central banking system. - JZ, 30.9.02.

CENTRAL BANKING: Should the Federal Reserve Supervise Banks? - - Should the Mafia supervise all other criminals, including the official ones? – JZ, on Facebook, 20.9.11. – Q., , MONETARY FREEDOM VS. MONETARY DESPOTISM

CENTRAL BANKING: Society IS exchange", as Bastiat recognised. Thus it is quite wrong and uneconomic to centralise, monopolise and enforce one particular exchange medium and one particular value standard ( even if it is not merely a paper- or rubber-band or fiat standard or even if it were again a redeemable gold standard ) upon all members of a society. The mere attempt to force such a system upon all societal exchanges, all those that depend upon money for their functioning, has a strong tendency to obstruct and even destroy society. – Monetary crises like the big German inflation after WW I and the Great Depression – made the Hitler Regime, its war and its atrocities possible. - JZ, 27.4.94, 14.11.08.

CENTRAL BANKING: The ability to pay and to sell cannot be soundly maximized by the issue of monopoly money and legal tender (compulsory acceptance and a forced value) for it. – JZ, 8.11.12. – Ultimately, when sound, all kinds of money are merely clearing tokens, which settle the exchange of goods, services, labor and other property assets much easier than they could be settled by barter. Thus the term “exchange media” for them. Their main value for most purposes, lies in their function, not in whether they are made out of wood, rare metal, plastic, paper or mere electronic symbols. They confer special information on rights and obligations, debts and credits. To that extent the demand for “debt-free money” is nonsense and leads only to an expensive, rare and insufficient money supply, which has plagued man for most of his history. – JZ, 9.11.12. - & THE ABILITY TO PAY & TO SELL MONETARY DESPOTISM, FREE BANKING, READINESS TO ACCEPT FOUNDATION, CURRENCY COMPETITION, FREE MARKET MONEY, FREEDOM TO ISSUE MONEY TOKENS, CLEARING CERTIFICATES & TO RUN CLEARING ACCOUNTS, GOLD BUGS, RARE METAL SPLEEN AMONG THOSE WITH INSUFFICIENT KNOWLEDGE, & IMAGINATION IN THIS SPHERE, DEBT-FREE MONEY.

CENTRAL BANKING: The central bank is the most important possessor of power or, more concretely expressed: Whoever controls the central bank of issue has the true power in his hands." - Yoshito Otani, Untergang eines Mythos, S. 250. - It is only a preventative and obstructionist power, no a power to release all creative energies. - JZ, 27.4.94.

CENTRAL BANKING: The central banking system makes producers and traders, employers and employees all too often insufficiently solvent or employed, provides them with insufficient sales or even forces them into bankruptcy or unemployment, although they themselves, if free to do so, could supply themselves with sufficient and also sound exchange media to make all their needed or wanted exchanges possible, to the limits of their readiness to give wanted goods, services or labor in exchange. Their own sound exchange media or clearing certificates, issued by themselves, in optimal associations for this purpose, would, in most cases, not keep a gold cover or reserve or promise redemption in gold coins, or “secure” their issues through stocks of foreign exchange or stacks of governmental debt certificates (investments in tax slaves). They should not even have full tax foundation (continuous full acceptance at par with their nominal value by all tax offices in payment of taxes). (All such wrongful or flawed systems should become confined to their volunteers!) Only their issuers, and by contract, the debtors of the issuers, would always be obliged to accept the own issues - at par with their nominal value - from anyone and would have to offer their goods, services and accounts and also their shop currency and clearing certificates in the value standard they would have chosen for themselves, in agreement with their customers and creditors. Thus their stocks of ready for sale goods and their service and labor capacity would constitute their cover, backing or redemption “fund”. (It constitutes also the essential operating and turnover credit requirements of the whole economy, people having to be able feed and clothe themselves while they work.) It would suffice, at least for shop associations, supermarkets and large department stores, to keep their shop currencies locally at par with their nominal value, i.e. useful as a local currency. - The issues of others might only be accepted to a limited extent at par, more widely only at a discount and would, through their discount, speed up their reflux to their issuers. Among the issuers there might even be individual unemployed (under a perfect clearing system) or groups of unemployed, associated for this purpose. In the case of the unemployed issuing their own notes, they would thereby and quite obviously assure employment for themselves, paid in their own notes, to the extent that they would get their notes accepted and, finally, used against them as payment for their work. Otherwise, they would have to be prepared to accept the competitively issued alternative currency notes of others - if they want to get employed and cannot be paid otherwise. But they should not be forced to accept these notes at par but should also be free to discount them. However, if in general local circulation these notes stand at par with their nominal value then they will in most cases be also prepared to accept them at par in their wages and salaries. To the extent that such notes and clearing certificates are issued, accepted, used and returned to the issuers to be redeemed in whatever they have to offer, in goods and services, that are in daily demand, the participants would have made themselves independent of the exchange media and value standard used by the monopolistic and despotic central note issuing bank and its monetary and currency policies. They would have monetarily and with their own value standards emancipated themselves from monetary despotism. - - Naturally, the system of monetary despotism and its supporters would tend to resist them. Thus any such monetary revolution should be well thought through, prepared, timed and organized. It should avoid any of the mistakes frequently made at first in new monetary experiments. Optimally, it should take place during a severe crisis, which the authorities are obvious unable to stop, and shortly before an election, so that a successful experiment of this kind, stopping unemployment, sales difficulties and inflation for all its participants, could no longer be routinely suppressed - because that would mean a lost election for those attempting to thus and there and then uphold monetary and currency despotism. To that extent the democratic voting system and the mass media could be useful in these cases. - Producers and traders, as issuers of their own monies or clearing certificates, including tradesmen, professionals, the already employed or soon employed people, might then come to realize, by learning from these limited self-help examples and successes, that no one has the right to print requisitioning certificates upon the goods and services of others and force such scrip into circulation as the only permitted money and this at a forced value. - They would also come to reconsider the whole territorially imposed subordination system, with its coercive taxes or tributes and suppression of competition and would, finally, come to wish or to insist on seeing it transformed into a voluntary contribution system to competing protective, insurance and social service providers. These voluntary communities, enterprises or societies would offer only those services which their voluntary members and customers are prepared to subscribe to. They would facilitate the subscription to them by their own currencies, or clearing certificates with which would anticipate their voluntary contribution revenues, just like tax foundation is the only real basis for the value of current state paper money ( apart from its monopoly and forced acceptance and forced value ) in its acceptance at tax offices for enforced taxes. ( Whoever doubts the value of tax foundation money should try to live in peace with all the existing territorial authorities without having first “bought” from them the only “service” that they can always supply, the one which makes sure that one is not molested by their official vast protection racket, to an unbearable degree, namely their tax payment receipt. ) From supposedly free voters, but for a territorial system only, they could then become transformed into sovereign consumers of competitively supplied goods and services of all kinds, including the formerly monopolized and tribute-financed public services ( all too often disservices or all to badly and expensively supplied monopoly services ) of whole political, social and economic systems, which, so far, they were not allowed to individually chose from and subscribe to. Instead, they are still prohibited from secede from all territorial States, singly or in whole communities of volunteers. Moreover, with their supposedly given “free vote” and “consent” or “mandate” or “self-determination” democratic rights, they were given only one vote among millions on all public affairs and this mostly only indirectly, through political representatives, who could not represent and would not even know all their individual preferences, like e.g. a shopping centre knows the preferences of its customers and arranges for their satisfaction. With their own and self-issued dollars and full consumer sovereignty as well as full free enterprise or associationism in the sphere of competitively providing “public” services, people could buy for themselves or subscribe to much more in freedom, choices, services, goods and opportunities for themselves than any territorially imposed system would be able and willing to supply them with. With the money ( or, rather, requisitioning or tribute payment certificates or social insecurity notes ) and territorial systems of politicians and bureaucrats - they can only buy the flawed services of politicians and bureaucrats and have to buy their disservices as well. Moreover, as a forced and exclusive currency it does also - often quite disastrously - interfere with many to most of their remaining private transactions, via its inflations, deflations and stagflations. – JZ, 23.8.99, 30.9.08. – MONETARY FREEDOM, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY & PANARCHISM

CENTRAL BANKING: The difficulties arise because the mixed national currencies - currencies which are largely paper and only partly gold - are insufficiently international. The main defect of the historical gold standard is the necessity of 'protecting' national gold reserves.' Central banking and its management only make things worse; 'In short, whether a Central Bank amplifies the effects of gold flows, remains passive in the face of gold flows, or 'offsets' gold flows, its behavior is incompatible with the principles of a full-fledged gold standard... Indeed, any kind of monetary management runs counter to the principles of the pure gold standard." - Rothbard: The 100% Gold Dollar, p.31. - Even a 100% gold dollar, competitively issued, should not be an exclusive and forced currency. (That would also be a mismanagement of a gold standard.) Any sound currency would require sound management of issues of and their reflux. - JZ, 30.9.02. - Cheaper and easier clearing and accounting facilities would develop or would be ready to be practised under full monetary freedom. They would be open, e.g., to anyone who has wanted consumer goods or services to offer and would make the accumulation of a gold reserve unnecessary for stable value reckoning and the provision of exchange media and clearing tokens. Gold redemptionism can be effectively transferred to a free gold market, for all private, competitive and market-rated tokens that reckon their values in gold weight units. Only their issuers would always be under obligation to accept these, their own I.O.U., as if they were the equivalent pieces of gold metal. - JZ, 27.4.94. – Not only the gold redemption but also the gold-clearing and accounting standard should be under the full competition of free choice in value standards. – JZ, 14.11.08.

CENTRAL BANKING: The executive arm of government that conducts the inflation, usually is the central bank. It does not matter who legally owns this bank, whether private investors or the government itself. Legal ownership always becomes empty and meaningless when government assumes total control. The Federal Reserve System, which is legally owned by the member banks, is the monetary arm of the U.S. government and its engine of inflation. It enjoys a monopoly of the note issue which alone is endowed with legal tender characteristics. Commercial banks are forced to hold their reserves as deposits with the central bank, which becomes the 'banker's bank' with all the reserves of the country. The central bank then conducts its own (The only inflation in a country! JZ, 14.11.08.) inflation by expanding its notes and deposits while maintaining a declining reserve ration of gold to its own liabilities, and directs the bank credit expansion by regulating the legal reserve requirements the commercial banks must maintain with the central bank. Endowed with such powers, the central bank now can finance any government deficit, either through a direct purchase of treasury obligations or through open-market purchase of such obligations, which creates the necessary reserves (*) for commercial banks to buy the new treasury issues." - Hans Sennholz, Inflation or Gold Standard, p. 10. (*) "reserves"? Fictitious officially sanctioned reserves, not deserving this name, but, rather: "investments in tax slaves"! - JZ

CENTRAL BANKING: The Fed as Giant Counterfeiter - Robert P. Murphy - Mises Daily - - Don't forget about the central bank's issue monopoly and regulation powers. Not just legal tender is involved, although this is a very important part of monetary and financial despotism. – JZ, 2.7.11, on Facebook. – Moreover, it can hardly “fake” its own money, although it has the wrongful issue monopoly and legal tender power, which permits it to depreciate it almost without limits. – JZ, 11.10.12. & COUNTERFEITING

CENTRAL BANKING: The federal government, which spends more money than it collects, three years in four, is responsible for maintaining the integrity of our monetary system." – Richard C. Cornuelle, Demanaging America, p.61. - The very fact of the existence of a central banking system, with its monopolies and privileges, indicates already that there is no integrity left in the official monetary system. - JZ, 27.4.94.

CENTRAL BANKING: The Federal Reserve Plans To Identify “Key Bloggers” And Monitor Billions Of Conversations About The - - Alas, this does not indicate an ability and willingness to learn from rational criticism. The central banks have so far managed to ignore all published criticism of them, for almost a century, just like the territorial politicians have ignored all criticism of territorial powers. – JZ, 26.9.12, on Facebook.

CENTRAL BANKING: The Federal Reserve is sometimes considered a fourth branch of the U.S. government because it is made up of a powerful group of national policymakers freed from the usual restrictions of governmental checks and balances. Indeed, the Board of Governors is formally independent of the executive branch and protected by tenure well beyond that allotted to the president.” - Funk & Wagnalls New Encyclopedia, 1993, Vol. 10, pg. 125: If Congress has a right under the Constitution to issue paper money, it was given to them to use by themselves, not to be delegated to individuals or corporations.” - Andrew Jackson - - Not even Congress has the right to authorize the issue of LEGAL TENDER paper money. However, the issue of refusable and discountable paper money that is honest - is quite another matter. One should be able to distinguish between imposed poisons and freely produced and bought foods. - JZ, 26.3.04. – It does not matter whether the FED is a private or an official bank. What matters is its wrongful powers and privileges. – JZ, 4.1.08. - MONETARY DESPOTISM VS. MONETARY FREEDOM,

CENTRAL BANKING: the Federal Reserve System is the most important tool in the armory of economic interventionism." - Hans F. Sennholz, The Federal Reserve System. - I am still seeking a copy of the Federal Reserve Act. I have only ever seen a copy of it once, for a short time, and in skimming through it, it seemed to me the most disorganised and mixed-up bit of legislation that I have ever seen, where the effective clauses establishing its powers, monopolies and privileges are largely hidden within hundreds of pages. - JZ, 27.4.94.

CENTRAL BANKING: The greatest forger is the central bank." - JZ, 1974. - It is a cheat, a fraud, a tribute collector, a privileged organisation, a monopoly, a controller, a despot, an exploiter and a destroyer. But without all its powers and its privileges it could multiply its notes as much as e.g., the producers of the game "Monopoly" multiply their own game money. It would still not be forgery. And for all but game transactions all people would be free to refuse to accept it or to discount it down to its market value, which might sometimes be less than the paper it is printed on. - But free and total refusal would prevent it from ever getting that far. - JZ, 27.4.94, 6.6.94.

CENTRAL BANKING: The laws of monetary despotism and its central banks pretend to be the trustworthy guardians of the national currency while, in reality, their forced and exclusive currencies are the great inflation and deflation machines. Sometimes they even manage to combine inflation and deflation in a stagflation. – JZ, 4.7.00, 6.10.08. – MONETARY DESPOTISM, INFLATION, DEFLATION

CENTRAL BANKING: The most important, centralistic and monopolistic economic institution of the Australian Federal Government is the Reserve Bank. We want to break its stranglehold over the economy by the introduction of a decentralized competition with it – and, thereby, we want to overcome unemployment, the economic slump and the continuing inflation. - Under present conditions not every potential employer can obtain a loan, e.g. for wage payments, whenever this would be economically justified. He must also offer "securities" that are satisfactory to the monopolistic and regulated banking system. When this system imposes a "credit restriction" in the pursuit of its "monetary policies", then sometimes an employer cannot even get a sound commercial bill or other sound payment claim discounted. Turnover credit is correspondingly reduced and the demand for labor restricted. – JZ file: Unemployment incomplete comb of old files - MONETARY DESPOTISM, CREDIT RESTRICTIONS, TURNOVER CREDIT, UNEMPLOYMENT

CENTRAL BANKING: The powers of financial capitalism had (a) far-reaching aim, nothing less than to create a world system of financial control in private hands able to dominate the political system of each country and the economy of the world as a whole. This system was to be controlled in a feudalist fashion by the central banks of the world acting in concert, by secret agreements arrived at in frequent meetings and conferences. The apex of the systems was to be the Bank for International Settlements in Basel, Switzerland, a private bank owned and controlled by the world's central banks which were themselves private corporations. Each central bank ... sought to dominate its government by its ability to control Treasury loans, to manipulate foreign exchanges, to influence the level of economic activity in the country, and to influence cooperative politicians by subsequent economic rewards in the business world." - Prof. Carroll Quigley, in his book Tragedy and Hope. – This professor, too, with his anti-capitalist bias, should have known that what he calls “financial capitalism” has nothing to do with free-enterprise or cooperative or competitive laissez-faire capitalism but is, rather, the opposite: Monopoly-Capitalism, combined with State Capitalism. – The real scientists and scholars are still rare exceptions among the economists, too. – JZ, 5.1.08. , WORLD BANK, MONETARY DESPOTISM,

CENTRAL BANKING: The Reserve Bank warned of the risks from higher inflation.” – ABC News, 17.5.00. – That is a bit like a “devil” warning people of further devilries to come or the Mafia stating that further organized crime actions are to be expected and governments stating that even more wrongful and harmful government interventions are still to come. – JZ, 17.5.00. - In other words, it warned people about the risks involved with allowing its own existence and activities and powers to be continued, but did not say so clearly, but, instead, pretended to be quite guiltless and that the laws granting it the money issue monopoly and legal tender power have nothing whatsoever to do with the fact that it did, once again, over-issue its monopoly money or forced currency and thus a further inflation of all prices and wages will be the result. – JZ, 5.10.08. – INFLATION

CENTRAL BANKING: The same as that of any other central banker: ongoing inflation and unemployment and helplessness against these results of their monetary "policies". – JZ, 16.12.11, comment on Bernanke's Legacy: Still a Lagging Indicator - - FED

CENTRAL BANKING: the tax-collection agency is the teeth of leviathan just as the central bank is its lifeblood.” – Llewellyn H. Rockwell Jr., The Future of Liberty, CHALCEDON REPORT, July 98. - TAXATION, STATE, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

CENTRAL BANKING: The total quantity of exchange and clearing media needed depends largely upon the total quantity of daily wanted goods and services that people have at any time produced and are ready to sell. No centre can statistically determine this quantity nor would any centre be morally authorised to make issues upon such offers without the permission of everyone of these producers and sellers. The rightful and natural issuers of currency, which is “current” liquidity or cash for daily wanted consumer goods and services, are the producers and deliverers of these goods and services themselves - and their special voluntary associations for the business of issuing local, competing, private currencies. - JZ, 27.4.94. - Free Banking, Monetary Freedom

CENTRAL BANKING: There are limits to what a central bank can do - - There are hardly any limits to its wrongful and harmful actions - as long as it remains legal and territorially imposed upon a whole population. – JZ, 19.11.11, on Facebook. – Admittedly, even with its legalized monopoly and power it cannot prevent either inflation, deflation or stagflation. But negatively and wrongfully it can do all too much. – JZ, 6.10.12.

CENTRAL BANKING: there is reasonably convincing evidence that early central planning, through the mismanagement of the money supply by the Federal Reserve, created the 1932 Depression in the first place; that New Deal Planning did not end the Depression but prolonged it; and that the Depression itself was not ended by the government. (108)” - Donald J. Devine, Does Freedom Work? Caroline House Books, Green Hills Publishers, 1978, 146. - - (108) Milton Friedman and Anna Jacobson Schwartz, A Monetary History of the United States, (Princeton, N.H., Princeton University Press, 1963); esp. ch. 7, pp. 592-601; Henry Hazlitt, The Failure of the New Economics, (Princeton, N.J., Van Nostrand, 1959), ch. xxviii; and Murray N. Rothbard, America’s Great Depression, (Los Angeles: Nash, 1973, originally published 1963, part III. - DEPRESSION, NEW DEAL

CENTRAL BANKING: To restore economic health, we must drastically reduce government budgets, corporate bailouts, subsidies, taxes, controls, and regulations; and we must separate the money supply from the State as we have previously separated religion from the government." - McBride, A New Dawn, p.33.

CENTRAL BANKING: Under central banking no economy can freely develop, persistently prosper and reach its full potential. – JZ, 25.8.98.

CENTRAL BANKING: UPDATE 1-Emerging central banks boost gold holdings in July- - While all of them have, with the help of their territorial governments, kept free choice of value standards and of alternative exchange media and clearing options outlawed or all too severely restricted! Riding the tiger of the exclusive and 100% covered and redeemable gold currency, also as a forced currency will only revive its old problems. While gold is pretty good as an optional value standard, as an exclusive means of payment it is disaster producing! Imagine having to pay all your bills in gold coins or redeemable gold certificates! How many debtors could do that, for all their payment obligations? How many creditors would thus be paid? How many would remain unpaid? Full monetary freedom has better answers. – JZ, 4.9.11, on Facebook. – FREE BANKING, MONTARY FREEDOM, THEIR GOLD HOARDING & “THE” GOLD STANDARD

CENTRAL BANKING: We expect too much of a monopoly when we expect its supplies to be always sound, sufficient, evenly spread and cheap enough, especially when there is only one money issuer permitted for a whole country and this is an institution legalized and also at least indirectly and through further legislation run by the government. – JZ, 22.6.08, 20.9.08.

CENTRAL BANKING: we have no choice but to replace the governmental currency monopoly and national currency systems by free competition between private banks of issue. We have never had the control of money in the hands of agencies whose SOLE and EXCLUSIVE interest was to give the public what currency it liked best among several kinds offered, and which at the same time staked their existence on fulfilling the expectations they had created." – F. A. Hayek, Denationalisation of Money, p.100. - Not only banks are rightful and possible issuing centres for currencies. All centres are, which daily turn over many consumer goods and services, like shopping centres, petrol stations, railways and other transport companies, power plants, etc. And while tribute levying is still tolerated and government hand-outs are in demand, even as a "right", governments would be well advised to at least not add to the thus created difficulties by failing to issue the corresponding tax foundation currencies in as market-like, publicised, honest and competitive a way as is possible and necessary for their good functioning. - JZ, 27.4.94. - TAX-FOUNDATION MONEY

CENTRAL BANKING: We intend to abolish the government-fostered cartel of central banking, to abolish government control of the money supply, and thus to end those inflationary policies which erode pensions and savings and lead to the cruel distortions of the business cycle." - Roy Childs, Liberty Against Power, p.9. - Rather allow individuals and volunteer groups to freely opt out from under this system, to do their own things, including the provision of alternative currencies, clearing and credit arrangements. And allow anyone to refuse to accept a central banking currency at par or altogether and also any of its regulations and restrictions of exchange organisations and processes. - JZ, 27.4.94. – INFLATION, MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE BANKING, CRISES, MONETARY DESPOTISM

CENTRAL BANKING: What governments prints as "money" isn't really money. It amounts, rather, to requisitioning certificates, a kind of legalized plunder. – JZ, Facebook comment, 9.10.11, to: Bank of England's QE2 may reach £500bn, economists warn - Telegraph - - See, however, the limited tax foundation or contribution-foundation money, which is optional, market rated and competitive. – JZ, 8.10.12. - PAPER MONEY, PRINTING MONEY, LEGAL TENDER & MONPOLY MONEY VS. FREE MARKET MONEY

CENTRAL BANKING: What we need is not a totally independent, all-powerful FED; what we need is NO FED AT ALL. – MURRAY ROTHBARD, quoted by Nizam Ahmad shared Campaign for Liberty's photo. – Facebook, 9.1.13. – FED & TREASURIES, MONETARY DESPOTISM, FEDERAL RESERVE BANKING SYSTEM, STATE PAPER MONEY, MONETARY POLICY, CURRENCY POLICY

CENTRAL BANKING: When the President signs this act, the invisible government by the money power will be legalized.” - Congressman Charles Lindbergh, Sr. to Congress after the vote on The Federal Reserve Act. - Much more than another conspiracy is involved. Central Banking is largely a product of popular prejudices, as proclaimed e.g. by Marx and Engels in their 1848 Communist Manifesto and largely realized also in countries that imagine themselves to be free and anti-communist ones. Even in the new and supposedly free Russia it has not yet been abolished. – JZ, 4.1.08. - , MONETARY DESPOTISM

CENTRAL BANKING: Wherever central banks exist, supposedly as protectors of currencies, currencies have been systematically deteriorated. - by them! - JZ, 19.2.73. – A survey of all central banks and of the depreciation rate of their currencies over the period of their existence would be illuminating. One could then clearly see that entrusting the preservation of the value of a currency to a central bank makes as much sense as entrusting fire protection to arsonists and crime prevention to the Mafia. But then we have already managed to entrust the achievement of peace to warfare States and the achievement of prosperity to the greatest robber and anti-economic interventionist, the territorial State. Central banking is just one of many imposed wrongs and irrationalities. Politicians and bureaucrats in charge of justice and our individual rights and liberties! – JZ, 14.11.08.

CENTRAL BANKING: Whoever controls the volume of money in a country is absolute master of industry and commerce." - James A. Garfield.

CENTRAL BANKING: Wrongful impositions ought either to be abolished or freely competed out of existence by sovereign consumers and producers. The central bank inflates its forced & exclusive currency. The treasury inflates the government debt, turning us still more into involuntary tax slaves. No sickness, when abolished, needs replacement, nor does any wrong needs replacement by another wrong, regardless of how often our legislators attempt to do this. E.g. price controls do not need replacement by other price controls but by free market prices. Our legislators have rather favored various price controls for 4,000 years and are very much against free pricing for their "services" and free competition with them. – JZ, 25.12.11, commenting on Rick Santorum Fails to Connect in Iowa - - TREASURY, INFLATION, GOVERNMENT DEBT, CRISES

CENTRAL BANKING: Yet even if we assumed that government could know what should be done about the supply of money in the general interest, it is highly unlikely that it would be able to act in that manner." – F. A. Hayek, Denationalisation of Money, p.80.

CENTRAL BANKING: Young Americans Protest the Federal Reserve | FreedomWorks - - As far as I know, the track record of all central bank is bad, although all were established in the attempt to provide a better currency and to guarantee it. Please, name me any that has been successful in this during the last 100 years for more than a few years. – JZ, 15.6.11, on Facebook.

CENTRAL PLANNING: Central planning will eventually destroy individual liberty by concentrating all political power in one person or in a committee; furthermore, it will eventually end our prosperity by laying the dead hand of state control on the economy. – Robert M. Thornton – PLANNING, LIBERTY, POWER, PROSPERITY, WEALTH, STANDARD OF LIVING, DIRECTION & CONTROLS, COMPULSORY, COLLECTIVISM & TERRITORIALISM

CENTRAL PLANNING: Polyanyi compares such “plans” to a manager of a chess team saying: “The plan of my team is to advance 45 pawns by one place, move 20 bishops by an average of three places, 15 castles by an average of four places, etc.” It may be called a plan, but it is really “a nonsensical summary of an aggregate of plans”. - David Boaz, ed., The Libertarian Reader, The Free Press, 1997. (Claiming copyrights even to the writings of Paine, Madison, Tocqueville, Mill, etc.! – JZ ), p.250.

CENTRAL PLANNING: The attempt to produce a single plan (*) would necessarily mean elevating some people’s purposes (**) over others.” - David Boaz, ed., The Libertarian Reader, The Free Press, 1997. (***) p.250. – (*) for all people in a territory – - (**) and plans – (***) Claiming copyrights even to the writings of Paine, Madison, Tocqueville, Mill, etc.! – JZ

CENTRAL PLANNING: when someone tries to plan economic coordination, the result is discoordination and disaster.” - David Boaz, ed., The Libertarian Reader, The Free Press, 1997. (Claiming copyrights even to the writings of Paine, Madison, Tocqueville, Mill, etc.! – JZ ), p.249.

CENTRALIZATION: 100 million people under one government are at least 99 million people too many. - JZ, 14.12.89. - "No man is good enough to rule another man without the other man's consent."


CENTRALIZATION: A central part of our political catechism has been that, “the more complex society becomes, the greater the need for central government.” But the study of chaos is revealing an opposite conclusion: the more complex society becomes, the more we must rely on spontaneous and autonomous systems to provide for order. Complex systems are influenced by far too many variables for us to predict outcomes.” - Butler Shaffer, in speech: “The Failure of Governments to Limit State Power”, as reviewed in FREEDOM NETWORK NEWS. 12/07, p.15. – PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL DECENTRALIZATION – FOR VOLUNTEERS ONLY, COMPLEXITY,

CENTRALIZATION: A democratic constitution, not supported by democratic institutions in detail, but confined to the central government, not only is not political freedom, but often creates a spirit precisely the reverse, carrying down to the lowest grade in society the desire and ambition of political domination." - J. S. Mill, Principles of Political Economy, p.152/153.

CENTRALIZATION: And then political freedom becomes less and less meaningful as political authority is centralised. In America, an individual's vote on a matter of importance has about the weight of a grain of sand." – William F. Buckley, Up from Liberalism, p.123. - Voting, Democracy, Authority, Panarchism, Secessionism

CENTRALIZATION: Centralisation - the prop and means of despotism and tyranny ... Until it is abolished there can be no hope of lasting peace, a sound condition of society, or a steady progress.... To tie up all to the tether of the leading strings which its various irresponsible functionaries shall hold, and to guide all according to the crude pedantries of individuals, is the object, and the result, of Centralisation." - J. Toulmin Smith, Local Self-government & Centralisation, p.55. - Local government does not yet present the ultimate in decentralisation. Individual and minority group secessionism, in combination with exterritorial autonomy for volunteer communities does. But the optimal term for this has still to be coined or discovered. "Competing governments", obviously, is not the most suitable term, as the reaction e.g. of Ayn Rand to the term - and her straw-man image of it - clearly revealed. - JZ, 30.9.02. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM

CENTRALIZATION: Centralisation ... provides skilfully for the details of the social police; represses small disorders and petty misdemeanours, maintains society in a status quo alike secure from improvement and decline and perpetuates a drowsy regularity in the conduct of affairs which the heads of administration are want to call good order and public tranquillity." - Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America.

CENTRALIZATION: Centralisation not merely endangers the liberty of individuals and associations, but is not particularly efficient. 'Avec la centralisation', Lamennais had declared, 'vous avez l'apoplexie ou centre et la paralysie aux extremites.'" - David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, 27.

CENTRALIZATION: Centralisation of Power. Real division of power between national, state, and local governments is dangerous to our system. When local politicians have real autonomy, even in limited spheres, they can do much to enable upstarts to challenge our power. Our program is to bring all levels of government under our sway through innovations as federal aid, revenue sharing, high federal taxation, and regional government." - The Occult Technology of Power. - I can understand the motives of federal politicians and bureaucrats but not the mentality of those who are ready to submit to any government level, however divided. Real autonomy ought to remain with individuals unless they really want to become rather puppets in the hands of others, who are far from being enlightened and responsible individual human beings. - JZ, 26.4.94, 30.9.02.

CENTRALIZATION: Centralisation, beautified as 'united action', is nothing but the unity of the puppet theatre, says Rocker and points to the sorry example of the Social Democrats before WW I. As long as the centre commanded it, thousands of anti-war meetings were held. Once the centre had reconsidered, the defence of the fatherland was turned into a socialist duty and the same masses that a week before had protested against war, were now for the war." - Ulrike Heider, Die Narren der Freiheit, p.32, on Rocker, Arbeiterselbstverwaltung, Raete, Syndicalismus, Berlin, 1979, S. 25.

CENTRALIZATION: Centralization induces apoplexy at the center and anemia at the extremities." – Lamenais –quoted by Judy Morris on Facebook, 5.6.12.

CENTRALIZATION: Concentrated political power is the most dangerous thing on earth. – Rudolph Rummel - OF POWER, POLITICAL POWER, TERRITORIALISM

CENTRALIZATION: Consistent centralisation creates an attitude of mind that all wisdom resides in a few. It's not only insulting, but also untrue." - Mr. Malcolm Fraser, THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 7.2.76. – While he was prime minister of Australia he did not do away with it or even seriously tried! – JZ, 14.11.08.

CENTRALIZATION: Even in societies which do not rely on the direct coercion of their home public; by political police or by troops, centralization has led to an increase in the number of irresponsible or potentially irresponsible élite groups.” – ALEX COMFORT, “Authority and Delinquency. A study in the psychology of power”, 1950, 1970, a book largely on the delinquency of authority. Page 74. – Alas, kept out of print & off the Web for all too long. - JZ, 15.5.06. - DEMOCRACIES, IRRESPONSIBLE ELITES

CENTRALIZATION: ever since the formation of the big European national States, every one of these new powers at first attempted to do away with the local liberties and federative ties which had sprung up from the very life of those nations. This was done by means of violent interference and centralisation of all authority, and, after this aim had been attained, they proceeded to extend the influence thus secured upon neighbouring countries and to force them to submit to the interests of their foreign policy. Power politics does not know any other limits but those set by a stronger power or those which it cannot overcome at one blow. But the urge to achieve political and economic hegemony does not permit any dominant power to call a halt, and its effects are all the more pernicious the better it has succeeded in enslaving its own people. The degree of despotism in any country has always been the best measure for the danger with which it kept threatening other countries. The entire history of the dominant European powers has for centuries been an almost uninterrupted struggle for hegemony on the Continent; a struggle which always meant a temporary success for the stronger power, until sooner or later new power combinations or other circumstances set limits to their ambitions. However, the same attempts were always soon taken up by another dominant state - with the same sinister results leading to very new disasters. - This struggle for hegemony is at the root of the ever spreading political centralisation which has been continually striving to throttle all local rights and liberties and to reduce the entire life of a people to certain definite norms, because this was most useful to the domestic and foreign ambitions of its rulers." – Rudolf Rocker, Nationalism and Culture, p. 540.

CENTRALIZATION: Every central government worships uniformity; uniformity relieves it from inquiry into an infinite number of small details which must be attended to if rules were adapted to men, instead of indiscriminately subjecting men to rules.” – Tocqueville. – CENTRALIZATION & UNIFORMITY, SUBJECTING MEN TO RULES, LAWS, LEGISLATION

CENTRALIZATION: Fear is by far the most important cohesive force in modern centralised societies." - Alex Comfort, Authority & Delinquency, p.110.

CENTRALIZATION: Has sufficient thought been given to the fact that praise of centralism is praise of force as the final arbiter in human affairs?" - Donald M. Dozer, History as Force, in Templeton, The Politicisation of Society, p. 370. - That applies only to compulsory, not to voluntary centralisation, e.g. to territorial States. - JZ, 4.6.92. - FORCE, VIOLENCE, COMPULSION, COERCION, POLITICS, STATES

CENTRALIZATION: history had abundantly shown that centralisation of power and tyranny were but different titles for the same monster." - Jack Pemberton, THE FREEMAN, 7/76.

CENTRALIZATION: I fear Washington and centralised government more than I do Moscow." - Barry M. Goldwater, Speech, in Spartanburg, S.C., 15. 9. 60. - The communism of Washington is a much closer threat to me than the communism of Moscow. - JZ, 8.7.82. - However, if I had lived in Moscow, my stance would probably have been reversed. - JZ, 26.4.94.

CENTRALIZATION: If ever this vast country is brought under a single government, it well be one of the most extensive corruption." - Thomas Jefferson, Letter to William T. Barry, 1822. - A few years ago toilet seats for Navy jets were delivered for $ 900 each. When there was a public outcry about such "pricing", the price was "reduced" - to a "mere" $ 800! - JZ, 26.4.94. - So much for the influence of public opinion upon the excesses of bureaucracy. - JZ, 30.9.02.

CENTRALIZATION: If the roads, the railways, the banks, the insurance offices, the great joint-stock companies, the universities, and the public charities, were all of them branches of the government; if, in addition, the municipal corporations and local boards, with all that now devolves on them, became departments of the central administration; if the employees of all these different enterprises were appointed and paid by the government, and looked to the government for every rise in life; not all the freedom of the press and popular constitution of the legislature would make this or any other country free otherwise than in name." - J. S. Mill, On Liberty.

CENTRALIZATION: In our contacts with the centralised pattern, we run the risk of being incorporated into it." - Alex Comfort, Authority & Delinquency, p.119.

CENTRALIZATION: In Proudhon's view of things, it was the ultimate political settlement that emerged from the Revolution in France that is primarily the cause of the modern age's crisis in organisation. For when, in the aftermath of the Revolution of 1789, the Committee of Public Safety chose to honor the principle of political centralisation rather than the principle of social order springing spontaneously from the natural social rhythms of people, Proudhon held, the Jacobin dogma of rule through terror was forged, later to be transmitted to the Empire and the governments that succeeded it. 'When the Revolution proclaimed liberty of the people, equality before the law, the sovereignty of the people, the subordination of power to the country, it set up two incompatible things, society and government; and it is this incompatibility which has been the cause or the pretext of this overwhelming, liberty-destroying concentration, called CENTRALISATION, which the parliamentary democracy admires and praises, because it is its nature to tend toward despotism.' (14) Politics thus dominating everyone's mind to the exclusion of any social thought that might possibly have led towards freedom, 'it necessarily followed that the new society, scarcely conceived, should remain in embryo; that instead of developing according to economic or social laws, it should languish in constitutionalism..., and should find itself continually in the position of fighting with the people and the people in continual need of attacking power.' (15) And, thus the social order that should have been created by the Revolution was stillborn and the modern age was consequently hobbled in its quest for freedom and justice by the doctrine of states that has prevailed everywhere since. And this has been as true of the socialists as it has been of the capitalists, Proudhon maintained." - W. O. Reichert on Proudhon, in Holterman, Law in Anarchism, p. 142: (14) & (15), quoting Proudhon, General Idea of Revolution, pp 72 & 87.

CENTRALIZATION: Like Anarchism, Syndicalism prepares the workers along direct economic lines, as conscious factors in the great struggles of today, as well as conscious factors in the task of reconstructing society along autonomous industrial lines, as against the paralysing spirit of centralisation with its bureaucratic machinery of corruption, inherent in all political parties." - Emma Goldman, in Sprading, Liberty and the Great Libertarians, p.508. - In the process it becomes violent against "scabs", subject to union bosses, involved in violent industrial struggles, rather than in peaceful purchases of enterprises, and in a kind of centralisation of its own, embracing whole branches of industry, so that the autonomy of individual enterprises and individual contracts largely disappears. Syndicalism is merely a collectivist compromise between totalitarian territorial centralism and the ultimate decentralisation arising out of individual sovereignty. It amounts to the centralization of the power of trade unionist functionaries under the pretence of representing their members, the same kind of pretence that the territorial politicians in parliaments uphold. It is rightful only for all those who voluntarily choose it for themselves and those who do not coercively appropriate factories or other capital - but wrong for anybody else. - JZ, 26.4.94, 15.11.08.

CENTRALIZATION: mistrust the machinations of highly centralised government." - Charles Goodman, All These Rights, THE FREEEMAN, 1/78. - Mistrust and the territorial vote are not enough. Individual secessionism is needed to reduce all governments to bearable - or leavable ( desertable, withdrawable, voluntaristic ) sizes. - JZ, 26.4.94, 30.9.02. – PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM

CENTRALIZATION: Never have so many been so much at the mercy of so few." - Aldous Huxley, Science, Liberty & Peace, p.11.

CENTRALIZATION: Nothing is so damping and deadening to initiative as to have a carefully thought out scheme vetoed by a central authority which knows almost nothing about it and has no sympathy with its objects. Yet this is what constantly happens..." – B. Russell, Authority and the Individual, p.75.

CENTRALIZATION: order is possible under decentralised authority, but freedom is not possible under centralised authority." - Miller Upton, THE FREEMAN, 9/74.

CENTRALIZATION: Our institutions of government, justice, taxation, business and education are all beginning to suffer from a form of institutional hardening of the arteries born of excessive centralisation of authority." - Miller Upton, THE FREEMAN, 9/74.


CENTRALIZATION: Power can be centralised. Good sense can't be. - JZ, 21.11.92.

CENTRALIZATION: The "... Civil War was the most disastrous thing in the history of the Americans, ... it fastened on their necks so great a mockery of popular government as is their central government." - Douglas Woodruff, Plato's American Republic, 1926, p. 25. - Its WW I & II interventionism, its invention of nuclear bombs and Mutual Assured Destruction or Nuclear Strength policies and its growth of clumsy and often wrongful imperialist actions, do not run far behind and may by now have led to the death of even more human beings, on all sides, than did the Civil War. - The American Revolution or the Civil War should have been the beginning of individual and group secessionism. Instead, they outlawed and suppressed them. That put the stamp of despotism on Americanism and ended all too many of its libertarian features. - JZ, 30.9.02.

CENTRALIZATION: The centralisation of decision-making in Whitehall, a consequence of the politicalisation of society, had led to an inequality of power between governors and governed far more sinister than the much more publicised and misrepresented differences in personal wealth. This centralisation of power will not be surrendered easily." - IEA, in Ralph Harris and Arthur Seldon: Not from Benevolence... 20 years of economic dissent, Hobart Paperback. - On p. 128 it is signed by J. B. Wood.

CENTRALIZATION: the confusion in the minds of many scientific workers between the highly desirable organisation of resources by ad hoc bodies and the central exercise of 'power', in its political sense, the right to act out fantasy in public affairs." - Alex Comfort, Authority & Delinquency, p.120.

CENTRALIZATION: the growing centralisation of power can only lead to totalitarianism." - Dean Smith, Conservatism, p.100.

CENTRALIZATION: The laws of economics tell us that the expansion of the central state can’t go on forever. Its limit is reached when the looted turn on the looters. And that’s beginning to happen. More than six decades of hard work for American liberty beginning with the Old Right opposition to the Roosevelt Revolution and continuing with the Mises Institute, is beginning to bear fruit.” – Llewellyn H. Rockwell, Jr. 11-27-96. - But territorial powers and abuses can be maintained for all too long and all too extensively, without any quite sufficient safeguards against them in the hands of their victims: Individual secessionism, rightful arms & militia organizations, knowledge how to finance full employment and rightful revolutions by monetary freedom steps. - JZ, 26. 11. 06. , POWER, EXTORTION, TRIBUTES, TAXES, & ECONOMICS, RESISTANCE, REVOLUTIONS

CENTRALIZATION: The loss of justice, economy and effectiveness is increased in the proportion that such governmental management is centralised." - Clarence Manion, The Key to Peace, p.25.

CENTRALIZATION: the more complex and interdependent society becomes the less it is possible to direct it from the center. (114)” - Donald J. Devine, Does Freedom Work? Caroline House Books, Green Hills Publishers, 1978, 146. - - (114) F. A. Hayek, Studies in Philosophy, Politics and Economics ( Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1967 ), ch. 2.

CENTRALIZATION: The program prescribed by Mr. Galbraith is unacceptable, conservatives would agree. Deal high handedly, as he would have us do, with the mechanisms of the marketplace, and the mechanisms will bind. Pre-empt the surplus of the people, and surpluses will dwindle. Direct politically the economic activity of a nation, and the economy will lose its capacity for that infinite responsiveness to individual tastes that gives concrete expression to the individual will in material matters. Centralise the political function, and you will lose touch with reality, for the reality is an intimate and individualised relationship between individuals and those among whom they live; and the abstractions of wide-screen social draftsmen will not substitute for it." - William F. Buckley, Up from Liberalism, p.201.

CENTRALIZATION: the remoteness of government, whether in apolitical or an economic organisation, whether under capitalism or under socialism, is a somewhat less trite theme, and deserves to be considered." - B. Russell, Authority and the Individual, p.53.

CENTRALIZATION: The social organisation... by systematically denying to the general population experiences which are analogous to those of its higher management, contributes very heavily to the growth of social irrationality in our society." - John MacDermott, quoted by Paulo Freire, Cultural Action for Freedom, p.81. - Decision-Making Monopoly

CENTRALIZATION: The Social Services, particularly the Health Service, will suffer as the Government finds it progressively more difficult to meet the rising costs and as it comes up against the rule that the bigger the organisation the more difficult it is to manage." - H. R. Highness, Prince Philip, QUADRANT 1/78. - See Welfare State, Big Government.

CENTRALIZATION: The ultimate centralisation is totalitarianism." - Donald M. Dozer, History as Force, in Templeton, The Politicisation of Society, p.369.

CENTRALIZATION: The wider the area of control the weaker the resistance of social pressures; the larger the population under control, the more taxpayers to contribute to the political coffers. Centralisation is the setting up of a protective distance between State and Society, of the insulation of the State from social sanctions. In a village the citizenry have an immediate influence on political behavior; when the village is incorporated into the City of Chicago, this influence tends to evaporate, particularly its impact on taxation practices." - Frank Chodorov, The Rise and Fall of Society, p.141.

CENTRALIZATION: we're not going to let the government centralise everything." - Justice Brandeis, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 9/75, p. 562. - MILITIA, RESISTANCE, SECESSION, TYRANNICIDE, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONS, PANARCHISM

CENTRALIZATION: What is peculiar about our times is that, because of the complexity of social, technical, and urban organisation, perhaps NO central authority can be legitimate; it is bound to render the citizens powerless and to be dehumanising." - Paul Goodman, in Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.575/76.

CENTRALIZATION: What multiplication of chances for profiteers, speculators, plunderers, office founders & position hunters arises when all State power gets into the hands of a central government." - Thomas Jefferson, re-translated from a German version.

CENTRALIZATION: When all government … in little as in great things … shall be drawn to Washington as the center or all power; it will render powerless the checks provided of one government on another, and will become as venal and oppressive as the government from which we separated. -  Thomas Jefferson, in  - TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIALISM, SECESSIONISM, FEDERALISM, WASHINGTON

CENTRALIZATION: Why should 13 million people have only one head, one aim, one policy, one system, one organisation, one legislation? - JZ, 13.11. 75, 30.7.78. – Q.

CENTRALIZATION: With centralisation you have apoplexy in the centre and paralysis in the extremities.” – Source?

CENTRALISED FINANCE: vouchers are the only method of dispersing the cramping control of centralised finance." - Tuley/Udal, Vouchers for Education, in Down With the Poor, 99. - They would just reduce one aspect of centralised direction. Education and the State ought to become totally separated. No kind of madman or anyone suffering under the usual political delusions of grandeur or power trips should be in charge of the education of all the people in a nation. - JZ, 26.4.94. – EDUCATION, SCHOOLING, FINANCE, SUBSIDIES, GOVERNMENT SPENDING, BUDGET, VOLUNTARY EDUCATION, VOLUNTARILY FINANCED, EDUCATION LOANS, STUDENT LOANS, PERSONAL LOANS

CERTAINTY: Abandon certainty! That's Life's deepest command. That's what Life's all about. We're a probe into the unknown, into the uncertain." - Frank Herbert, Children of Dune, in  ANALOG, 7/76, p.52. - See Life. – Nevertheless and because of this, freedom to act upon one’s convictions, at the own expense and risk, even in the face of opposition by the majority and by most supposed experts. – JZ, 15.11.08. – PANARCHISM, CHOICE, FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT

CERTAINTY: He had the power of certainty." - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.116. - One might rather say, the weakness of certainty. The certainty of one's convictions, faith in natural laws, human rights, individual liberties, contrary to circumstances, luck, financial successes, fate etc., are other matters. Compare: the poem "IF", by Kipling. - JZ, 26.4.94.

CERTAINTY: I have lived in this world just long enough to look carefully the second time into things that I am the most certain of the first time." - Josh Billings, 1818-1885.

CERTAINTY: If a man will begin with certainties, he shall end in doubts; but if he will be content to begin with doubts he shall end in certainties." - Francis Bacon. - See Doubts.

CERTAINTY: It is the dull man who is always sure, and the sure man who is always dull." - H. L. Mencken, 1880 - 1956.

CERTAINTY: men must do this always, choosing the uncertain instead of the certain." - Frank Herbert, Children of Dune. – I consider this to be an argument against all territorial legislation by supposed experts. Let dissenters choose their own “doctors”! – JZ, 15.11.08. – PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, UNCERTAINTY, DECISION, KNOWLEDGE, DOUBT

CERTAINTY: Only the madman is absolutely sure." - Wilson/Shea: Illuminatus I/179. - TRUTH, KNOWLEDGE, CONVICTION

CERTAINTY: There are no certainties at the race track or in business." - John Singleton with Bob Howard, Rip van Australia, p.260. - SECURITY, RISK, CHANCES

CERTIFICATION COMPANIES: In times of crisis, when your worse fears seem to be coming true, make sure you consult a doctor certified by the North American Medical Guaranty Company Ltd. Our doctors are university-tested every five years - not once in a lifetime like the inferior Medical Association brand. Be sure you look for this Guaranty shield next time you visit your doctor's surgery.' - With competition like that, the Medical Association would be forced to follow suit or go out of business. Says Block: 'Certification of doctors is too important to be left to government.'" - Walter Block, Defending the Undefendable, reviewed in MERCURY, 1/79. - Licensing, Compulsory Licencing

CERTITUDE: Certitude belongs exclusively to those who only own one encyclopedia."- Robert Anton Wilson – KNOWLEDGE, OVER-CONFIDENCE

CETI: Let us first try to communicate and come to an understanding with the unknown people (aliens, foreigners) living on Earth, e.g., the anarchists and libertarians, objectively examining all the real or imagined solutions they have to offer, and those of all other ideologues. Let us also grant them experimental freedom at their own expense and risk - anywhere on Earth. Only once we have done that will we be fit to contact extraterrestrial civilizations. At present even the anarchists and libertarians themselves are unaware of all too many of the anarchist and libertarian ideas and proposals and the ignorance of them among the restrictionists is even greater. - JZ, 27.11.01, 26.1.02. - ALIENS, FOREIGNERS, IDEAS ARCHIVE, ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF REFUTATIONS, OF DEFINITIONS, LIBERTARIAN LIBRARY, BIBLIOGRAPHY, INDEX, ABSTRACTS, COMPLETE FREEDOM PUBLISHING IN ALTERNATIVE MEDIA

CETI: Let us try to communicate first with dolphins, whales, magpies, etc., any animals with any sparks of intelligence. At least we have some Earth experiences in common with them. And let us try to bridge the barriers between ideologies, religions, philosophies and cultures between the foreigners on Earth, all more or less "alien" to each other, and let us do this primarily by mutual tolerance not only for cultural differences but also for different actions, in all spheres, that are of a tolerant kind, i.e., practised only among volunteers and at their expense and risk. No more national borders and territorial laws! - JZ, 6.7.01, 31.1.02. – I read today in “Spirit of Enterprise – The 1993 Rolex Awards, p.173, that even Caterpillars & ants “communicate”, and engage in a kind of exchange: The three page article contains a picture of ants and caterpillar with the inscription: “A caterpillar of Eurybia patrona (Riodinidae) from Costa Rica being tended by Dolichoderus bispinosus ants attracted by an acoustical call produced by the caterpillar. The ants are drinking secretions high in amino acids from glands on the caterpillar. The secretions reward the ants for protecting the caterpillar.” – In short, free trade among as primitive and to us as alien beings! – Ants providing protective service for a fee upon a call! – JZ, 12.11.08.- ALIENS, COMMUNICATION WITH EXTRATERRESTRIALS? PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, FOREIGNERS

CHAINS: A race that binds its body in chains and calls them Liberty, and calls each fresh link Progress." - Robert Buchanan, Titan and Avatar. – WELFARE STATE, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, PROTECTIONISM

CHAINS: Better to die free than to live in chains!" - "Will you stop the nonsense! Better to live in chains and learn how to get rid of them. That way you end up alive ..." - Harry Harrison, Deathworld 2.

CHAINS: Just because you are not in chains physically does not mean that you are not mentally in chains." - Bill Pope, 30.11.75. – RED.

CHAINS: Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains." (“L'homme est ne libre, et partout il est dans les fers.”) - J. J. Rousseau, Du Contrat Social, Ch. 1. - RESTRICTIONS, RIGHTS, LAWS, NATURAL LAW, HUMAN RIGHTS, LEGISLATION, REGULATIONS, CONSTITUTIONS

CHAINS: Nothing is more enjoyable than a man who breaks his chains and hits his oppressor with them in the face.” – ("Herrlicher ist nichts, als der Mensch, der seine Ketten zerbricht und sie seinem Underdruecker ins Gesicht schlaegt.") – John Henry Mackay, Abrechnung, S.166. - Alas, all too often, in the absence of better ideas, resistance becomes merely revenge, the atrocities and cruelties by some are replaced by those of others. Rather: “Release all creative energies”, as Leonard E. Read said. But missing links or sub-humans, like Hitler, should have been kept in chains or executed after his first power grab, in 1923, in Munich. Instead, he was given the opportunity to write "Mein Kampf" and to prepare, after a short stay in prison, more carefully, for his next putsch. - JZ, 26.4.94. - BREAKING FREE, LIBERATION, REVOLUTION, RESISTANCE, FORCE

CHAINS: Off with the fetters - That chafe and restrain! - Off with the chain!" - Richard Hovey, Vagabondia.

CHALLENGES: I prefer the challenges of life to the guaranteed existence; the thrill of fulfilment to the calm state of utopia." - Dean Alfange, THE FREEMAN, 6/73. – One can be, coercively, confronted by too many challenges, e.g. too many laws & regulations, to be able to fight them down, one by one. One must become free to opt out from under them. – To each his self-chosen utopia. That will pose enough challenges for everyone, especially when one is in world-wide free competition with the numerous different utopias by other volunteers. - JZ, 15.11.08. – PANARCHISM, GUARANTIES, UTOPIA, SECURITY, WELFARE STATE.

CHALLENGES: The trouble with most companies, Lincoln said, is that they do not place any demands on the workers: 'The usual individual, in the usual industrial environment, has no challenge presented to him.' He urges that this be corrected." - David Jenkins, Job Power, p.216. - WORKERS, SELF-MANAGEMENT, COOPERATIVES, EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP, PROPERTY, CAPITALISM, INCENTIVES

CHAMPION: One way of becoming a champion is never to give up trying." - W.G.P. - PERSISTENCE, SUCCESS, PERFECTIBILITY, PROGRESS, TRY

CHANCE: A Chance for Everybody." - Hyacinthe Dubreuil. – Book title on work cooperatives or autonomous work groups. Recommended by Aldous Huxley in “Ends and Means”. – JZ

CHANCE: Chance comes to those who have prepared themselves for it." - Leonard E. Read, Outlook for Freedom, p.36. - Alas, FEE is still only using print on paper, i.e., has made no attempt to prepare all its freedom writings ready for D-Day, at least on microfiche or disk. - JZ, 26.4.94. - Well, for a while it used at least long-playing records. - It should utilise all the powerful and affordable media which technology and the market offer - and should encourage other freedom lovers to do the same. - JZ, 30.9.02. – Chances come for almost everybody – but remain ignored by most und all kinds of false excuses or pretences. – JZ, 15.11.08. – Finally, FEE digitized all issues of THE FREEMAN &, probably, much more of its output. – Now one can even comment on its online articles. - JZ, 28.1.13.

CHANCE: CHANCE TO HAVE THE OWN LIFE VS. TERRITORIALISM: These people who are making a big deal out of gay marriage? I don’t give a fuck about who wants to get married to anybody else. We’re making a big deal out of things we shouldn’t be making a big deal out of. - They go on and on with all this bullshit about ‘sanctity’. Don’t give me that Sanctity crap! Just give everybody the chance to have the life they want. – Clint Eastwood, from GO interview, 10/2011. – Facebook, 29.2.12. – Would he include the panarchist, exterritorial or personal law options as well? – JZ, 29.2.12.

CHANCE: Grab a chance and you won't be sorry for a might-have-been." - Ransome

CHANCE: Instead of endeavouring to redistribute the acquisitions which have been made between the existing classes, our aim should be to increase, multiply, and extend the chances. Such is the work of civilization. Every old error or abuse which is removed, opens new chances of development to all the new energy of society. Every improvement in education, science, art, or government expands the chances of man on earth. ... if there be liberty, some will profit by the chances eagerly and some will neglect them altogether. Therefore, the greater the chances the more unequal will be the fortune of these two sets of men. So it ought to be, in all justice and right reason. ... if we can expand the chances, we can count on a general and steady growth of civilization and advancement of society by and through its best members. In the prosecution of these chances we all owe to each other good-will, mutual respect, and mutual guarantees of liberty and security. Beyond this nothing can be affirmed as a duty of one group to another in a free state.” – W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe To Each Other, p.144/145. – PANARCHISM, CO-OPERATIVES, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES, PROPERTY, MONETARY FREEDOM, HUMAN RIGHTS, LIBERATION, OPPORTUNITIES, POVERTY, RICHES, DISTRIBUTION, RE-DISTRIBUTION, COMMUNISM, CAPITALISM, EQUALITY, RELEASE ALL CREATIVE ENERGIES, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHY, DUTY, DISTRIBUTION, CIVILIZATION

CHANCE: These people who are making a big deal out of gay marriage? I don’t give a fuck about who wants to get married to anybody else. We’re making a big deal out of things we shouldn’t be making a big deal out of. - They go on and on with all this bullshit about ‘sanctity’. Don’t give me that Sanctity crap! Just give everybody the chance to have the life they want. – Clint Eastwood, from GO interview, 10/2011. – Facebook, 29.2.12. – Would he include the panarchist, exterritorial or personal law options as well? – JZ, 29.2.12. - TO HAVE THE OWN LIFE VS. TERRITORIALISM


CHANCE: Workers of the world unite! You have nothing to lose but your chains!" - Communist Manifesto. - Whiting Williams, America's Mainspring, p.125, replied: "You have nothing to lose but your chance!" - You have nothing to lose but your but! - JZ, 30.9.02. – Communism had over 200 million victims last century! – The only chains worn by now by workers in the relatively free countries are those of convicts of decorative jewellery gold chains! – If they wanted to, they could profitably buy the enterprises they work in on terms. - JZ, 15.11.08. – , COMMUNISM

CHANGE: Be the change you want to see in the world.” - Mahatma Gandhi – Apparently, he had no idea of all the individual rights and liberties required to achieve comprehensive changes in every sphere. Or did he simply assume that we were already quite free to change our lives, as much as we want to, in every respect, quite independent of the legally or despotically imposed great machines? As a barrister he should have known better. Or his belief in non-violence and the passive submission to all wrongfully inflicted penalties gave him the belief that an ultimately unlimited power for all individuals to do their own things for themselves does already exist, although it would imply much suffering for innocents. At least he set an example by trying to ignore some laws that he considered to be unjust, like e.g. the salt tax. – He was lucky in thus confronting a somewhat civilized regime rather than a totalitarian or despotic one. – JZ, 8.8.08.

CHANGE: Change is not made without inconvenience, even from worse to better." - Richard Hooker, 1554 - 1600. - Change is not made without SOME inconvenience TO SOME, even from worse to better." - JZ, 8.8.77. - Compare: "You can't make an omelette without breaking eggs." - Which is supposed, by some people, to permit them to treat other people, especially eggheads, like eggs. - JZ, 28.5.78. There are not only Win-Lose situations but also Win-Win or "mutual convenience" situations and opportunities. All free exchanges are of that nature, when both parties are not deceived or self-deceived. - Voluntarily taken up inconveniences or sacrifices should be distinguished from coercively imposed ones. - JZ, 27.4.94. - MEANS, ENDS, SACRIFICES, REFORMS

CHANGE: Change is not merely necessary to life, it is life." - Alvin Toffler

CHANGE: Change your thoughts and you change your world.” - Source unknown. - Well, at least you will change your world view. And, if you are very lucky, under the present circumstances, then this might ultimately leading to you changing the world. - But even libertarian and anarchist ideas have to be further developed to achieve that. - JZ, 26. 11. 06. – The saying seems to imply that we have already the astonishing power to directly change the world merely by thinking about the changes we find desirable. Luckily, not even the top political leaders have that PSI power. – The road from a good idea to getting it realized, at least among volunteers, is still a rather hard one. - JZ, 12.11.08. CHANGING YOUR WORLD & CHANGING THE WORLD, INDIVIDUALS & THEIR POWER TO ACHIEVE SOMETHING, IDEAS ARCHIVE, SUPER-COMPUTER PROJECT

CHANGE: Changing People & Tolerance: Don't try to change people. Enjoy them or avoid them as they are - unless you have to act in self-defence. - JZ 76.

CHANGE: Everybody thinks of changing humanity and nobody things of changing himself." - Leo Tolstoy, SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 1/76. - And too many people think only of changing themselves and leaving all abuses in public affairs untouched, even unexamined. - JZ, 27.4.94. – Everyone thinks of changing the world, but no one thinks of changing himself.” - Leo Tolstoy – As if we were already quite free to live our own lives in accordance with our own beliefs or convictions, quite independent of territorial governments! Only in our still permitted private sphere are we able to make some wanted changes. – JZ, 12.11.08. - SELF-IMPROVEMENT, PERSONAL LAW, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY & EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM OPTIONS FOR EVERYBODY IN ALL SPHERES!

CHANGE: I wanted to change the world. But I have found that the only thing one can be sure of changing is oneself." - Aldous Huxley, 1894 - 1963, at age 67.(*) - Especially in a world where political, economic and social changes are largely territorially monopolised by governments. His most important contribution may have been his review of Hyacinthe Dubreuil's proposals on autonomous work groups and work cooperatives, in "Ends and Means". - JZ, 27.4.94. - - (*) Even that is sometimes close to impossible, for some, as those can confirm who want to give up smoking, alcohol, other drugs or to lose weight. - JZ, 30.9.02. - CERTAINTY, WORLD, REFORM, PANARCHY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

CHANGE: If you want change, on a free market you buy it." - Gary North in REASON, Oct. 73. - That's why we need a free market most of all for all services that are wrongly called government services, as if only territorial governments could supply them. Sovereign consumers should be free to haggle for any particular "government" service or for whole package deals of them - under free competition for all suppliers. - JZ, 27.4.94. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM

CHANGE: In a forest of giant trees... seedlings sicken and die. They need sunlight to grow; they can't get it. It's only around the fringes of the forest, as it spreads out, that they can get the right environment for growth. In the centre the only growths that survive are the kind who can live in a filtered gloom. They survive under that certain condition, but they couldn't survive a change; they couldn't survive a condition which is normal environment elsewhere. They can't even survive direct sunlight. You get that in a civilization of humans, too. The significant changes always come from the fringes; there's no room for them to develop where the giant trees still stand." - Mark Clifton &Frank Riley, They'd Rather Be Right, p.126.

CHANGE: Individualism vs. central direction. - The advantage of individualism lies in its flexible response to change. We all change. Individuals and nations change with time and circumstances; and their happiness will depend on equivalent changes in their institutions. Within the nation, individuals differ widely from each other, and their institutions must give scope for these differences. If individuals are allowed freely to contract with each other, their contracts will present infinite variety. If there is central direction, catering for such variety is impossible, and the directors must decide on an average demand." - Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 12/77, p.63. – Alas, in his correspondence with Ulrich von Beckerath, at the end, he proved that he was unable to apply such thoughts to panarchism. Fixed ideas predominate even among anarchists and libertarians. - See: - JZ

CHANGE: Moreover, order consists in change; a free society cannot be static. It must form a fluid organism, a natural unity that, left unhampered, freely adjusts and grows in the face of new requirements and aspirations." - Rudolf Rocker. - ORDER, SOCIETY, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY AND FREE ENTERPRISE AND EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM IN ALL SPHERES

CHANGE: Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. It's the only thing that ever has." - Dangerous Buttons, No. 462. - POWER, INFLUENCE, INDIVIDUALS, MINORITIES, IMPOSSIBLE, DREAMS, IMPRACTICABLE, UTOPIAS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

CHANGE: People seldom realise the enormous period of time which each change in men's ideas requires for its full accomplishment." - John Morley, On Compromise, 223. - But numerous competing panarchies could speed up the learning process by the experimental freedom they realize through their exterritorial autonomy for volunteer communities. Within minority groups the required change is easier and faster to achieve or already accomplished. - JZ, 12.6.92, 27.4.94. - POLITICS, PUBLIC OPINION, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EDUCATION, TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIALITY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

CHANGE: Progress is impossible without change; and those who cannot change their minds cannot change anything." - G. B. Shaw. - PROGRESS, THINK

CHANGE: So far as change for the better is concerned, it has its beginnings with self-change. Observed William Hazlitt: 'Consider how hard it is to change yourself, and you will understand what little chance you have to change others.' An appreciation of this difficulty is step number one for anyone." – Leonard E. Read, The Love of Liberty, p.131. - REFORMISM, INTOLERANCE, SELF-LIBERATION

CHANGE: The best way to change society is to replace it one man at a time." - James A. Michener, The Drifters, Chapt. VIII. - The best way not only the change the small remnants of free societies that we do still enjoy, but to change the territorial monopolies of their oppressors, is to introduce individual secessionism and voluntary, exterritorial and autonomous associationism, to take and compete the territorial States down in size and powers and as territorial monopolies out of existence, by such rightful one-man revolutions. - JZ, 27.4.94. – PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM

CHANGE: The key is OUR ABILITY TO CHANGE. – As Leslie Wexner, chairman of The Limited, a hugely successful specialty chain, noted in bold type in his company’s 1989 annual report. – Bill Saporito, “Retailing’s Winners & Losers”, FORTUNE, 18 December 1989, 69-78. - Paul Zane Pilzer, Unlimited Wealth, updated edition, Crown Publishers, New York, 1994, p.92. - Not only our ability to change is involved but also our freedom to do so, at our own risk and expense. Freedom of action and experimentation among volunteers is not realized as yet to the extent that any territorial government has monopolized any actions or experiments or even whole spheres of them - for itself. – JZ, 14.3.12. – & TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, , INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS

CHANGE: The philosophers have only INTERPRETED the world. The point, however, is to CHANGE it." - Karl Marx, 1818-1883. - More important: Change in what direction and at whose expense? Change is not valuable by itself. Subjectively and objectively there are positive and negative changes, rightful and wrongful ones, tolerant and intolerant ones, voluntary and involuntary ones. Libertarians and anarchists should always come out only in favour of positive, rightful, tolerant and voluntary ones. – The choices which the Marxists made, for themselves and others, should be sufficiently known by now. – Quite without justification they looked down upon the efforts of utopian experimenters as, supposedly, being “unscientific”, as if Marxian totalitarian impositions, costing over 200 million lives last century, had been “scientific”. - JZ, 27.4.94, 15.11.08. – MARXISM, COMMUNISM, TOTALITARIANISM, UTOPISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

CERTAINTY: men must do this always, choosing the uncertain instead of the certain." - Frank Herbert, Children of Dune. – I consider this to be an argument against all territorial legislation by supposed experts. Let dissenters choose their own “doctors”! – JZ, 15.11.08. – PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, UNCERTAINTY, DECISION, KNOWLEDGE, DOUBT

CERTAINTY: Only the madman is absolutely sure." - Wilson/Shea: Illuminatus I/179. - TRUTH, KNOWLEDGE, CONVICTION

CERTAINTY: There are no certainties at the race track or in business." - John Singleton with Bob Howard, Rip van Australia, p.260. - SECURITY, RISK, CHANCES

CERTIFICATION COMPANIES: In times of crisis, when your worse fears seem to be coming true, make sure you consult a doctor certified by the North American Medical Guaranty Company Ltd. Our doctors are university-tested every five years - not once in a lifetime like the inferior Medical Association brand. Be sure you look for this Guaranty shield next time you visit your doctor's surgery.' - With competition like that, the Medical Association would be forced to follow suit or go out of business. Says Block: 'Certification of doctors is too important to be left to government.'" - Walter Block, Defending the Undefendable, reviewed in MERCURY, 1/79. - Licensing, Compulsory Licencing

CERTITUDE: Certitude belongs exclusively to those who only own one encyclopedia."- Robert Anton Wilson – KNOWLEDGE, OVER-CONFIDENCE

CETI: Let us first try to communicate and come to an understanding with the unknown people (aliens, foreigners) living on Earth, e.g., the anarchists and libertarians, objectively examining all the real or imagined solutions they have to offer, and those of all other ideologues. Let us also grant them experimental freedom at their own expense and risk - anywhere on Earth. Only once we have done that will we be fit to contact extraterrestrial civilizations. At present even the anarchists and libertarians themselves are unaware of all too many of the anarchist and libertarian ideas and proposals and the ignorance of them among the restrictionists is even greater. - JZ, 27.11.01, 26.1.02. - ALIENS, FOREIGNERS, IDEAS ARCHIVE, ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF REFUTATIONS, OF DEFINITIONS, LIBERTARIAN LIBRARY, BIBLIOGRAPHY, INDEX, ABSTRACTS, COMPLETE FREEDOM PUBLISHING IN ALTERNATIVE MEDIA

CETI: Let us try to communicate first with dolphins, whales, magpies, etc., any animals with any sparks of intelligence. At least we have some Earth experiences in common with them. And let us try to bridge the barriers between ideologies, religions, philosophies and cultures between the foreigners on Earth, all more or less "alien" to each other, and let us do this primarily by mutual tolerance not only for cultural differences but also for different actions, in all spheres, that are of a tolerant kind, i.e., practised only among volunteers and at their expense and risk. No more national borders and territorial laws! - JZ, 6.7.01, 31.1.02. – I read today in “Spirit of Enterprise – The 1993 Rolex Awards, p.173, that even Caterpillars & ants “communicate”, and engage in a kind of exchange: The three page article contains a picture of ants and caterpillar with the inscription: “A caterpillar of Eurybia patrona (Riodinidae) from Costa Rica being tended by Dolichoderus bispinosus ants attracted by an acoustical call produced by the caterpillar. The ants are drinking secretions high in amino acids from glands on the caterpillar. The secretions reward the ants for protecting the caterpillar.” – In short, free trade among as primitive and to us as alien beings! – Ants providing protective service for a fee upon a call! – JZ, 12.11.08.- ALIENS, COMMUNICATION WITH EXTRATERRESTRIALS? PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, FOREIGNERS

CHAINS: A race that binds its body in chains and calls them Liberty, and calls each fresh link Progress." - Robert Buchanan, Titan and Avatar. – WELFARE STATE, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, PROTECTIONISM

CHAINS: Better to die free than to live in chains!" - "Will you stop the nonsense! Better to live in chains and learn how to get rid of them. That way you end up alive ..." - Harry Harrison, Deathworld 2.

CHAINS: Just because you are not in chains physically does not mean that you are not mentally in chains." - Bill Pope, 30.11.75. – RED.

CHAINS: Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains." (“L'homme est ne libre, et partout il est dans les fers.”) - J. J. Rousseau, Du Contrat Social, Ch. 1. - RESTRICTIONS, RIGHTS, LAWS, NATURAL LAW, HUMAN RIGHTS, LEGISLATION, REGULATIONS, CONSTITUTIONS

CHAINS: Nothing is more enjoyable than a man who breaks his chains and hits his oppressor with them in the face.” – ("Herrlicher ist nichts, als der Mensch, der seine Ketten zerbricht und sie seinem Underdruecker ins Gesicht schlaegt.") – John Henry Mackay, Abrechnung, S.166. - Alas, all too often, in the absence of better ideas, resistance becomes merely revenge, the atrocities and cruelties by some are replaced by those of others. Rather: “Release all creative energies”, as Leonard E. Read said. But missing links or sub-humans, like Hitler, should have been kept in chains or executed after his first power grab, in 1923, in Munich. Instead, he was given the opportunity to write "Mein Kampf" and to prepare, after a short stay in prison, more carefully, for his next putsch. - JZ, 26.4.94. - BREAKING FREE, LIBERATION, REVOLUTION, RESISTANCE, FORCE

CHAINS: Off with the fetters - That chafe and restrain! - Off with the chain!" - Richard Hovey, Vagabondia.

CHALLENGES: I prefer the challenges of life to the guaranteed existence; the thrill of fulfilment to the calm state of utopia." - Dean Alfange, THE FREEMAN, 6/73. – One can be, coercively, confronted by too many challenges, e.g. too many laws & regulations, to be able to fight them down, one by one. One must become free to opt out from under them. – To each his self-chosen utopia. That will pose enough challenges for everyone, especially when one is in world-wide free competition with the numerous different utopias by other volunteers. - JZ, 15.11.08. – PANARCHISM, GUARANTIES, UTOPIA, SECURITY, WELFARE STATE.

CHALLENGES: The trouble with most companies, Lincoln said, is that they do not place any demands on the workers: 'The usual individual, in the usual industrial environment, has no challenge presented to him.' He urges that this be corrected." - David Jenkins, Job Power, p.216. - WORKERS, SELF-MANAGEMENT, COOPERATIVES, EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP, PROPERTY, CAPITALISM, INCENTIVES

CHAMPION: One way of becoming a champion is never to give up trying." - W.G.P. - PERSISTENCE, SUCCESS, PERFECTIBILITY, PROGRESS, TRY

CHANCE: A Chance for Everybody." - Hyacinthe Dubreuil. – Book title on work cooperatives or autonomous work groups. Recommended by Aldous Huxley in “Ends and Means”. – JZ

CHANCE: Chance comes to those who have prepared themselves for it." - Leonard E. Read, Outlook for Freedom, p.36. - Alas, FEE is still only using print on paper, i.e., has made no attempt to prepare all its freedom writings ready for D-Day, at least on microfiche or disk. - JZ, 26.4.94. - Well, for a while it used at least long-playing records. - It should utilise all the powerful and affordable media which technology and the market offer - and should encourage other freedom lovers to do the same. - JZ, 30.9.02. – Chances come for almost everybody – but remain ignored by most und all kinds of false excuses or pretences. – JZ, 15.11.08. – Finally, FEE digitized all issues of THE FREEMAN &, probably, much more of its output. – Now one can even comment on its online articles. - JZ, 28.1.13.

CHANCE: CHANCE TO HAVE THE OWN LIFE VS. TERRITORIALISM: These people who are making a big deal out of gay marriage? I don’t give a fuck about who wants to get married to anybody else. We’re making a big deal out of things we shouldn’t be making a big deal out of. - They go on and on with all this bullshit about ‘sanctity’. Don’t give me that Sanctity crap! Just give everybody the chance to have the life they want. – Clint Eastwood, from GO interview, 10/2011. – Facebook, 29.2.12. – Would he include the panarchist, exterritorial or personal law options as well? – JZ, 29.2.12.

CHANCE: Grab a chance and you won't be sorry for a might-have-been." - Ransome

CHANCE: Instead of endeavouring to redistribute the acquisitions which have been made between the existing classes, our aim should be to increase, multiply, and extend the chances. Such is the work of civilization. Every old error or abuse which is removed, opens new chances of development to all the new energy of society. Every improvement in education, science, art, or government expands the chances of man on earth. ... if there be liberty, some will profit by the chances eagerly and some will neglect them altogether. Therefore, the greater the chances the more unequal will be the fortune of these two sets of men. So it ought to be, in all justice and right reason. ... if we can expand the chances, we can count on a general and steady growth of civilization and advancement of society by and through its best members. In the prosecution of these chances we all owe to each other good-will, mutual respect, and mutual guarantees of liberty and security. Beyond this nothing can be affirmed as a duty of one group to another in a free state.” – W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe To Each Other, p.144/145. – PANARCHISM, CO-OPERATIVES, PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES, PROPERTY, MONETARY FREEDOM, HUMAN RIGHTS, LIBERATION, OPPORTUNITIES, POVERTY, RICHES, DISTRIBUTION, RE-DISTRIBUTION, COMMUNISM, CAPITALISM, EQUALITY, RELEASE ALL CREATIVE ENERGIES, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHY, DUTY, DISTRIBUTION, CIVILIZATION

CHANCE: These people who are making a big deal out of gay marriage? I don’t give a fuck about who wants to get married to anybody else. We’re making a big deal out of things we shouldn’t be making a big deal out of. - They go on and on with all this bullshit about ‘sanctity’. Don’t give me that Sanctity crap! Just give everybody the chance to have the life they want. – Clint Eastwood, from GO interview, 10/2011. – Facebook, 29.2.12. – Would he include the panarchist, exterritorial or personal law options as well? – JZ, 29.2.12. - TO HAVE THE OWN LIFE VS. TERRITORIALISM


CHANCE: Workers of the world unite! You have nothing to lose but your chains!" - Communist Manifesto. - Whiting Williams, America's Mainspring, p.125, replied: "You have nothing to lose but your chance!" - You have nothing to lose but your but! - JZ, 30.9.02. – Communism had over 200 million victims last century! – The only chains worn by now by workers in the relatively free countries are those of convicts of decorative jewellery gold chains! – If they wanted to, they could profitably buy the enterprises they work in on terms. - JZ, 15.11.08. – , COMMUNISM

CHANGE: Be the change you want to see in the world.” - Mahatma Gandhi – Apparently, he had no idea of all the individual rights and liberties required to achieve comprehensive changes in every sphere. Or did he simply assume that we were already quite free to change our lives, as much as we want to, in every respect, quite independent of the legally or despotically imposed great machines? As a barrister he should have known better. Or his belief in non-violence and the passive submission to all wrongfully inflicted penalties gave him the belief that an ultimately unlimited power for all individuals to do their own things for themselves does already exist, although it would imply much suffering for innocents. At least he set an example by trying to ignore some laws that he considered to be unjust, like e.g. the salt tax. – He was lucky in thus confronting a somewhat civilized regime rather than a totalitarian or despotic one. – JZ, 8.8.08.

CHANGE: Change is not made without inconvenience, even from worse to better." - Richard Hooker, 1554 - 1600. - Change is not made without SOME inconvenience TO SOME, even from worse to better." - JZ, 8.8.77. - Compare: "You can't make an omelette without breaking eggs." - Which is supposed, by some people, to permit them to treat other people, especially eggheads, like eggs. - JZ, 28.5.78. There are not only Win-Lose situations but also Win-Win or "mutual convenience" situations and opportunities. All free exchanges are of that nature, when both parties are not deceived or self-deceived. - Voluntarily taken up inconveniences or sacrifices should be distinguished from coercively imposed ones. - JZ, 27.4.94. - MEANS, ENDS, SACRIFICES, REFORMS

CHANGE: Change is not merely necessary to life, it is life." - Alvin Toffler

CHANGE: Change your thoughts and you change your world.” - Source unknown. - Well, at least you will change your world view. And, if you are very lucky, under the present circumstances, then this might ultimately leading to you changing the world. - But even libertarian and anarchist ideas have to be further developed to achieve that. - JZ, 26. 11. 06. – The saying seems to imply that we have already the astonishing power to directly change the world merely by thinking about the changes we find desirable. Luckily, not even the top political leaders have that PSI power. – The road from a good idea to getting it realized, at least among volunteers, is still a rather hard one. - JZ, 12.11.08. CHANGING YOUR WORLD & CHANGING THE WORLD, INDIVIDUALS & THEIR POWER TO ACHIEVE SOMETHING, IDEAS ARCHIVE, SUPER-COMPUTER PROJECT

CHANGE: Changing People & Tolerance: Don't try to change people. Enjoy them or avoid them as they are - unless you have to act in self-defence. - JZ 76.

CHANGE: Everybody thinks of changing humanity and nobody things of changing himself." - Leo Tolstoy, SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 1/76. - And too many people think only of changing themselves and leaving all abuses in public affairs untouched, even unexamined. - JZ, 27.4.94. – Everyone thinks of changing the world, but no one thinks of changing himself.” - Leo Tolstoy – As if we were already quite free to live our own lives in accordance with our own beliefs or convictions, quite independent of territorial governments! Only in our still permitted private sphere are we able to make some wanted changes. – JZ, 12.11.08. - SELF-IMPROVEMENT, PERSONAL LAW, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY & EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM OPTIONS FOR EVERYBODY IN ALL SPHERES!

CHANGE: I wanted to change the world. But I have found that the only thing one can be sure of changing is oneself." - Aldous Huxley, 1894 - 1963, at age 67.(*) - Especially in a world where political, economic and social changes are largely territorially monopolised by governments. His most important contribution may have been his review of Hyacinthe Dubreuil's proposals on autonomous work groups and work cooperatives, in "Ends and Means". - JZ, 27.4.94. - - (*) Even that is sometimes close to impossible, for some, as those can confirm who want to give up smoking, alcohol, other drugs or to lose weight. - JZ, 30.9.02. - CERTAINTY, WORLD, REFORM, PANARCHY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

CHANGE: If you want change, on a free market you buy it." - Gary North in REASON, Oct. 73. - That's why we need a free market most of all for all services that are wrongly called government services, as if only territorial governments could supply them. Sovereign consumers should be free to haggle for any particular "government" service or for whole package deals of them - under free competition for all suppliers. - JZ, 27.4.94. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, VOLUNTARISM

CHANGE: In a forest of giant trees... seedlings sicken and die. They need sunlight to grow; they can't get it. It's only around the fringes of the forest, as it spreads out, that they can get the right environment for growth. In the centre the only growths that survive are the kind who can live in a filtered gloom. They survive under that certain condition, but they couldn't survive a change; they couldn't survive a condition which is normal environment elsewhere. They can't even survive direct sunlight. You get that in a civilization of humans, too. The significant changes always come from the fringes; there's no room for them to develop where the giant trees still stand." - Mark Clifton &Frank Riley, They'd Rather Be Right, p.126.

CHANGE: Individualism vs. central direction. - The advantage of individualism lies in its flexible response to change. We all change. Individuals and nations change with time and circumstances; and their happiness will depend on equivalent changes in their institutions. Within the nation, individuals differ widely from each other, and their institutions must give scope for these differences. If individuals are allowed freely to contract with each other, their contracts will present infinite variety. If there is central direction, catering for such variety is impossible, and the directors must decide on an average demand." - Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 12/77, p.63. – Alas, in his correspondence with Ulrich von Beckerath, at the end, he proved that he was unable to apply such thoughts to panarchism. Fixed ideas predominate even among anarchists and libertarians. - See: - JZ

CHANGE: Moreover, order consists in change; a free society cannot be static. It must form a fluid organism, a natural unity that, left unhampered, freely adjusts and grows in the face of new requirements and aspirations." - Rudolf Rocker. - ORDER, SOCIETY, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY AND FREE ENTERPRISE AND EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM IN ALL SPHERES

CHANGE: Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. It's the only thing that ever has." - Dangerous Buttons, No. 462. - POWER, INFLUENCE, INDIVIDUALS, MINORITIES, IMPOSSIBLE, DREAMS, IMPRACTICABLE, UTOPIAS, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

CHANGE: People seldom realise the enormous period of time which each change in men's ideas requires for its full accomplishment." - John Morley, On Compromise, 223. - But numerous competing panarchies could speed up the learning process by the experimental freedom they realize through their exterritorial autonomy for volunteer communities. Within minority groups the required change is easier and faster to achieve or already accomplished. - JZ, 12.6.92, 27.4.94. - POLITICS, PUBLIC OPINION, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EDUCATION, TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIALITY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

CHANGE: Progress is impossible without change; and those who cannot change their minds cannot change anything." - G. B. Shaw. - PROGRESS, THINK

CHANGE: So far as change for the better is concerned, it has its beginnings with self-change. Observed William Hazlitt: 'Consider how hard it is to change yourself, and you will understand what little chance you have to change others.' An appreciation of this difficulty is step number one for anyone." – Leonard E. Read, The Love of Liberty, p.131. - REFORMISM, INTOLERANCE, SELF-LIBERATION

CHANGE: The best way to change society is to replace it one man at a time." - James A. Michener, The Drifters, Chapt. VIII. - The best way not only the change the small remnants of free societies that we do still enjoy, but to change the territorial monopolies of their oppressors, is to introduce individual secessionism and voluntary, exterritorial and autonomous associationism, to take and compete the territorial States down in size and powers and as territorial monopolies out of existence, by such rightful one-man revolutions. - JZ, 27.4.94. – PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM

CHANGE: The key is OUR ABILITY TO CHANGE. – As Leslie Wexner, chairman of The Limited, a hugely successful specialty chain, noted in bold type in his company’s 1989 annual report. – Bill Saporito, “Retailing’s Winners & Losers”, FORTUNE, 18 December 1989, 69-78. - Paul Zane Pilzer, Unlimited Wealth, updated edition, Crown Publishers, New York, 1994, p.92. - Not only our ability to change is involved but also our freedom to do so, at our own risk and expense. Freedom of action and experimentation among volunteers is not realized as yet to the extent that any territorial government has monopolized any actions or experiments or even whole spheres of them - for itself. – JZ, 14.3.12. – & TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, , INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS

CHANGE: The philosophers have only INTERPRETED the world. The point, however, is to CHANGE it." - Karl Marx, 1818-1883. - More important: Change in what direction and at whose expense? Change is not valuable by itself. Subjectively and objectively there are positive and negative changes, rightful and wrongful ones, tolerant and intolerant ones, voluntary and involuntary ones. Libertarians and anarchists should always come out only in favour of positive, rightful, tolerant and voluntary ones. – The choices which the Marxists made, for themselves and others, should be sufficiently known by now. – Quite without justification they looked down upon the efforts of utopian experimenters as, supposedly, being “unscientific”, as if Marxian totalitarian impositions, costing over 200 million lives last century, had been “scientific”. - JZ, 27.4.94, 15.11.08. – MARXISM, COMMUNISM, TOTALITARIANISM, UTOPISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

CHARITY: How much of the budget of charities is spent on advertising? – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHARITY: However, a false notion has crept into our thinking that sacrifice of self is the "good" and individualism is the "bad". Therefore ( so the thinking goes ), since charity is desirable, it should be the philosophy of the land, and government should see that it is expanded.. In view of this, it is not hard to understand how most people are mislead into "buying" governmental humanitarianism. But advocating forced charity is like wanting cold steam or hot ice. Charity by definition must be a voluntary action. To force it is to pervert the character trait (voluntary good will) that prompts it. The results of forced charity will never be what people expect." – Richard W. Grant, The Incredible Bread Machine, p. 137. – To some extent this is the result of the failure to develop and publish an ideal declaration of all individual rights and liberties – and, according to my own experience, almost no one is interested in tackling and helping to finish that job, starting e.g. with the over 130 private drafts of this kind that I offer digitized as e-mail attachment, until they are offered online or on disk. – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHARITY: I am optimistic. Americans are coming to recognize that a private virtue can easily be a public vice.” - Walter E. Williams, More Liberty Means Less Government. Our Founders Knew This Well, Hoover Institution Press, 1999, – p.240. - BENEVOLENCE, ALTRUISM, WELFARE STATE, POVERTY PROGRAMS

CHARITY: I believe voluntary charity is admirable so long as the giver is fully aware of the final destination of his contribution. I am sympathetic toward people who are far less fortunate than I (although I do not presume to be in a position to arbitrarily label some individuals 'poor' and others not), but I also believe in freedom. And because I place a higher value on liberty than on anything else, I do not believe that I or any other person has the right to FORCE other men to be charitable. In other words, I am not against charity, but I AM against the use of force." - R. J. Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.167. – If full employment were introduced, primarily through full monetary and financial freedom, then most of the remaining and physically and mentally able beggars would tend to be simply shunned and thus resort to work to maintain themselves. – JZ, 15.11.08. - BEGGARS

CHARITY: I cannot describe to you the despairing sensation of trying to do something for a man who seems incapable or unwilling to do anything further for himself." - Byron, Letter to Thomas Moore, April 2, 1823.

CHARITY: I feel obliged to withhold my approval of the plan to indulge in benevolent and charitable sentiment through the appropriation of public funds … I find no warrant for such an appropriation in the Constitution.” – Grover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th US President – CHARITY WITH TAX FUNDS? WELFARE STATE

CHARITY: I give charity but I give it when I decide to give it on my terms." - Dr. David Cunningham, 2.7.75.

CHARITY: I just don't go for charity. It seems to perpetuate itself and become a permanent need. Admittedly, I've never been in the need of it, but I can't help feeling that it's phoney, like giving someone a feed so he can go on starving." - Don Crick, The Different Drummer, p.15.

CHARITY: I prefer at any time credit and insurance arrangements to charity and the wealth for everyone that is possible through monetary freedom, free trade, free contracts, free migration, free work, free enterprise, cooperative production, the use of new ideas, inventions and methods, free pricing, free investments, the abolition of compulsory taxation, the expropriation of the bureaucracy and the self-management or individually chosen management of all one's assets in a productive way. - In this way almost everyone able and willing to work, save and sensibly invest, could become a multi-millionaire capitalist, if he isn't or could not be already through his rightful claims against the public assets now mismanaged by the bureaucracy. - JZ, 27.4.94.

CHARITY: I quite admit that there are cases where the help of outsiders is a benefit in preserving quite as good specimens of humanity as are born, for accidents will sometimes happen to the best of parents; but help given voluntarily, through sympathy, is given for the benefit of the sympathisers, who would have felt agonies of remorse if they had not eased their feelings that way. Besides, voluntary help still allows selection to go on - is a kind of natural selection, in fact - for the helpers select whom they will help, and to what extent." - Badcock: Slaves to Duty.

CHARITY: I would much rather not live than live on alms." - Michael de Montaigne.

CHARITY: I'm am prepared to let YOU contribute." - Les Mottley, 22.3.76. - ALMS

CHARITY: I'm not against caring, but charity by force and with other people's money, isn't charity at all. It just generates resentment on both sides." - James P. Hogan, Mirror Maze, p.68.

CHARITY: If you feel driven to feed the poor, get your checkbook out and keep your tyrannical mouth shut about it.” – Lew Goldberg – “Putting one’s money where one’s mouth is.” - PRIVATE BENEVOLENCE & SHARING VIA WELFARE STATE COMPULSION, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY

CHARITY: In general, what we do for people is no use to them unless it backs up only what they do for themselves." - John Stuart Mill, 1847, in letter to Auguste Comte.

CHARITY: In recent years the state and the local authority have also decided what charities a man should support. Missionary societies dependent upon private charity decay while overseas aid has dissipated hundreds of millions of pounds levied on the public through the tax system. State youth clubs flourish on the enforced largesse of the rates while church clubs and societies dependent upon hard-pressed voluntary contributions decline. We are witnessing not only an attack on the right of the individual to decide his own charities and grow in moral stature by his free gift, but also the expenditure by government and local authorities of large sums on causes and items often repugnant to the involuntary contributors. Tower blocks, foreign aid, subsidies to decaying firms and student grants to individuals aiming at the overthrow of our society are all illustrations of such expenditure." – Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Down with the Poor, p.6.

CHARITY: It is easy to pay with money coming out of the pockets of others.” – (Mit dem Geld aus anderer Taschen ist leicht zu zahlen.") - Spanish Proverb, in German version, tr. into English.

CHARITY: It is possible that the person you relieve may (not) be an honest man; and I know that you, who relieve him, are such. You see, then, by your generosity, you rob a man who is certainly deserving, to bestow it on one who may possibly be a rogue; and, while you are unjust in rewarding uncertain merit, you are double guilty by stripping yourself." - Oliver Goldsmith, Bee, p.365.

CHARITY: It is, first of all, wrong to forcibly impose on people the practice of charity, even if charity were one of the prime virtues everyone should cultivate. Second, charity is not the prime human virtue - it's not even high on the list. There is everything honorable in pursuing goals suited to oneself, goals that will enhance one's own life and the lives of those one has come to love, cherish, respect, or otherwise value." - Tibor Machan, "REASON", 11/78.

CHARITY: Let everyone be charitable with his own money and no one with anybody else's. - JZ, 21.12.75.

CHARITY: looking after yourself is the greatest charity. As someone once said, charity begins at home. I don't know that he meant the same thing I do, but looking after yourself certainly prevents you from being an object of charity so far as others are concerned." - Robert LeFevre, Lift Her Up, Tenderly, p. 46.

CHARITY: Make more money. Then and thus YOU can help others more - IF you want to. - JZ, 5.1.87, 15.11.08. – Naturally, “making” does not mean “faking” or “taking”. – JZ., 20.7.13.

CHARITY: men do not have the right to FORCE other men to be concerned, sympathetic, helpful or charitable toward others." - R. J. Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.32.

CHARITY: Modern science has decided that in most cases charity is bad for the receiver, and perpetuates the evil it seeks to remedy." - Henry Meulen, Free Banking, p. 35.

CHARITY: My personal belief is that men basically are humane and that, given the opportunity to act FREELY, they would, as in the past, respond charitably to those whom they deem to be in need. But I also believe that men place an even higher value on their liberty, and that the less free they are to improve their own well-being, the less charitable they will be. As government has increased its attempts to redistribute the wealth, it simultaneously has decreased man's desire to be charitable." - Robert Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.169. - Add: "and his ability.” - JZ

CHARITY: Nationalising and coercively financing "charity" does rather increase than reduce the problems already associated with voluntary and private charity. Apart from the inherent immorality of being charitable with stolen funds, it tends to become a much more costly exercise in futility and incapacitation, that keeps more people out of the workforce, for longer times. And its tax burdens put many people out of work or out of business. - JZ, 5.9.89, 27.4.94.

CHARITY: No people do so much harm as those who go about doing good." - Creighton, Mandell, 1843-1901, LIFE 1904. - That applies to politicians even more than charity workers. - JZ, 30.9.02. – DO-GOODERS, REFORMERS, LEGISLATORS, POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS, GOVERNMENTS

CHARITY: Nothing has done so much over the years to destroy a sense of human community as the bureaucratisation of charity." - Milton Friedman, NEWSWEEK, September 4th., quoted in GOOD GOVERNMENT, October 1972. – WELFARE STATE

CHARITY: Old-timer: A guy who remembers when charity was a virtue instead of an industry." - CHANGING TIMES. – WELFARE STATE

CHARITY: On a large scale ... the worst abuse of private ownership - from the economic point of view." - Oliver Wendell Holmes

CHARITY: One person's greed is fed by others' charity." - C. S. Hopman, CCC, II, p 6. – There is still so much religious charity in the USA that in spite of its high average living standard I have seen nowhere else so many beggars than there. (I haven’t been to India or Africa!) It seems that begging seems to be an easy and profitable “business” there, so that all too many , without personal dignity and a sense of self-responsibility, do resort to it. Sometimes they covered their begging by a mini-service, like opening a door for you and expecting to be tipped for this! The law of supply and demand applies here, too. If much charity is freely offered there will be a great demand for it. – Another aspect: I saw much clothing thrown away and I suppose that it had been given free to street people and they, instead of washing it or getting it dry-cleaned, used it only once and then threw it away and relied on new donations of clothing! – Charitable people can be exploited, too, by their beneficiaries. - JZ, 15.11.08.

CHARITY: One should at least distinguish a) voluntary and compulsory charity or b) private and state charity, also c) charity to the deserving only from: charity to the all and sundry or the undeserving, moreover, d) charity that could and should be replaced by fraternal and mutual aid agreements, by insurance and credit contracts and charity that could not be so replaced - if there is such a thing at all. - JZ 27.2.85.

CHARITY: Only individual men have the right to decide when or whether they wish to help others; society - as an organised political system - has no rights in the matter at all." - Ayn Rand, on Collectivised Ethics, in The Virtue of Selfishness, p.80. - Society is not an "organised political system”. Rather, any territorial State with compulsory membership is a cancer forced upon all the societies that have or would have voluntary members in the same area. - JZ, 6.6.94.

CHARITY: Philanthropy is superficial, intermittent, transient and partial at best, and there is infinite danger that it may become a scheme for diverting attention from the causes of the mischief." - Dr. H. G. Pearce, in GOOD GOVERNMENT, 2/77.

CHARITY: Reach into your own pocket - not into your neighbor's pocket - to finance your acts of compassion; good cannot be done with the loot that comes from theft." - F. A. Harper, quoted in PURSUIT, 4/72.

CHARITY: Render unto all men their due, but remember thou art also a man." - Martin F. Tupper.

CHARITY: restrain ... altruistic impulses of charity, benevolence, and the like ... on the ground that such charity degrades and demoralises. They are perfectly right. Charity creates a multitude of sins." - Oscar Wilde in: The Soul of Man under Socialism.

CHARITY: Socialists think they have a copyright on compassion." - Milton Friedman.

CHARITY: That's rank charity. It's demoralising. A man should work for what he gets." - Robert Heinlein, Beyond this Horizon, p.93.

CHARITY: The best way to help the poor is not to become one of them." - Lang Hancock, quoted in SUNDAY TELEGRAPH, 1.1.78.

CHARITY: The Christian Children’s Fund ( CCF ) frequently made “a dollar a day” charity appeals for children. As if most children over 5, if free, could not earn themselves more than a mere dollar a day for some simple jobs of their choosing and as if their parents, or caretakers, if free, could not earn more than a dollar per hour by producing something of value. Charities deal only with the symptoms, not with the causes of poverty. Poverty will be more thoroughly, lastingly and also more rapidly defeated by enlightenment on individual rights and liberties, especially economic ones and by full experimental freedom for groups of volunteers under exterritorial autonomy and personal laws. – Dollars paid to charities, to pay for the salaries of their staff, their activities, including such misleading advertisements, will help to prolong or even perpetuate poverty and merely mitigate some of its symptoms. - JZ, 10.5.99, 27.9.99, 24.9.08. – PANARCHISM, UNEMPLOYMENT, POVERTY, INFLATION, DESPOTISM, HUMAN RIGHTS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, , CHILDREN, MONETARY FREEDOM

CHARITY: The difficulty of leaving relief entirely to private charity, as Mill pointed out, is that such charity operates "uncertainly and casually ... lavishes its bounty in one place, and leaves people to starve in another." - Henry Hazlitt: The Conquest of Poverty, p. 191, quoting Mill from Principles of Political Economy, 1848, etc. II. Book V, chapters 8 and 11. - Those who find such deficiencies should apply their charitable inclinations right there. Let those who want to organise things better, organise mutual aid associations, fraternities, insurance and credit communities among those most at risk. Certainly they could do so better than politicians and bureaucrats could. - JZ 27.2.85.

CHARITY: the only person capable of helping another is the one who has successfully learned to take care of himself; ..." - Beverly Anderson on Robert LeFevre, Lift Her Up, Tenderly, THE FREEMAN, 5/77.

CHARITY: The worst of charity is, that the lives you are asked to preserve are not worth preserving." - Emerson, Conduct of Life: Considerations by the Way. - After "not" should be inserted "sometimes" or "often". JZ

CHARITY: There is an almost invincible prejudice that a man who gives a dollar to a beggar is generous and kind-hearted, but that a man who refuses the beggar and puts the dollar in a savings-bank is stingy and mean. The former is putting capital where it is very sure to be wasted, and where it will be a kind of seed for a long succession of future dollars, which must be wasted to ward off a greater strain on the sympathies than would have been occasioned by a refusal in the first place. Inasmuch as the dollar might have been turned into capital and given to a laborer who, while earning it, would have reproduced it, it must be regarded as taken from the latter... " - W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p. 109. – WAGE PAYMENT VS. PAYING BEGGARS

CHARITY: Those who minister to poverty and disease are accomplices in the worst of all the crimes." - G. B. Shaw, Man & Superman, p. 283.

CHARITY: Those who would administer wisely must indeed be wise, for one of the serious obstacles to the improvement of our race is indiscriminate charity." - Andrew Carnegie, Wealth, 1889.

CHARITY: To squander ... superfluous wealth on those to whom it is sure of doing the least possible good." - William Hazlitt. – Is there such a thing as “superfluous” wealth? While it may not be needed by its owner and may, to that extent be superfluous to him, others could productively use it and multiply it! – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHARITY: True generosity is a duty as indispensably (*) necessary as those imposed upon us by law. (*) It is a rule imposed upon us by reason (*), which should be the sovereign law of a rational being. But this generosity does not consist in obeying every impulse of humanity, in following blind passion for our guide, and impairing our circumstances by present benefactions, so as to render us incapable of future ones." - Oliver Goldsmith, Bee, p.364. - (*) ??? - JZ –

CHARITY: Unearned charity is very close to stealing. In both cases there is an unbalanced flow, a lack of fair exchange. The recipient gets something for nothing and is thereby diminished and degraded. The donor receives nothing for his gift except a feeling of some kind. The only difference is that a gift is voluntary - except in the case of the taxpayer." - John M. Marson, ANALOG, 7/75, p. 173.

CHARITY: Voluntary charity ... ultimately acts to reward and thereby to encourage vice and depravity and serves in the long run to destroy precisely those to whom it is tendered..." - O'Neill's summary of Ayn Rand's view.

CHARITY: We have rights, as individuals, to give as much of our own money as we please to charity; but as members of Congress we have no right so to appropriate a dollar of public money. – David Crockett, Congressman 1827-35. -  BY GOVERNMENTS? WELFARE STATE, GOVERNMENT SPENDING & TAXATION

CHARITY: Whatever capital you divert to the support of a shiftless and good-for-nothing person." - William G. Sumner.

CHARITY: When we remember that law-enforced charity is, as already shown, inconsistent with justice, we are taught that in this as in all other cases, what is not just is in the long run not beneficent." - Herbert Spencer, The Principles of Ethics, par. 454.

CHARITY: Whenever one contributed to charity, or allowed the market to be restricted, capital accumulation diminished - and capital accumulation rested at the heart of men's triumph over nature." - Libertarian Handbook, 1973, on William Graham Sumner.

CHARITY: While it is quite charitable to give the hungrier man a larger portion of the pie, or to give some of the rich man's property to the poor man, it is a common fallacy to confuse charity with justice. Charity means a voluntary giving of something (*) and implies leniency, whereas fairness implies impartiality, not kindness or leniency toward one side or the other. Egalitarians neglect such questions as who owns the pie and whether or not he would like to divide it differently, and exactly how the rich man is liable to redress the crimes of others." - Theodore Cahn: Forced Integration, 20. - (*) One can be charitable only with what belongs to oneself. Everything else is despotism, although often a despotism that tries to give the appearance of a benevolent despotism. - JZ 27.2.85. - The "benevolence" involved is rather one-sided and in the long run harms and diminishes both sides. - JZ, 6.6.94.

CHARITY: Whoever wants charity, let him ask it from the charitable; he cannot demand it as a right from anyone." - J. C. Spence, The Conscience of the King, p. 95. – WELFARE STATE & ITS “RIGHTS” OR CLAIMS

CHARITY: Why should I be charitable towards you or your choices rather than towards me and mine? – JZ, 16.7.91.

CHARITY: You are much surer that you are doing good when you PAY money to those who work, as a recompense of their labor, than when you GIVE money merely in charity." - Samuel Johnson, quoted in J. Boswell: The Life of Samuiel Johnson, April 1776, 1925 edition, II/636.

CHARITY: You could not give to a better cause!" - I can, I do: to the cause of freedom, justice and peace! - And what they need most of all is not money or food or clothing but intellectual efforts. – JZ 7.10.76, 15.11.08.

CHARTIER, GARY: Anarchy and Legal Order, Anarchy and Legal Order - by Gary Chartier - Facebook, 1.6.12. - Peter Emborsky via Brad Spangler - Stateless stocking stuffer! - - This book elaborates and defends the idea of law without the state. Animated by a vision of peaceful, voluntary cooperation as a social ideal and building on a careful account of non-aggression, it features a clear explanation of why the state is illegitimate, dangerous, and unnecessary. It proposes... – Quoted by Don Pomeroy and Gary Chartier like a link.  On: LAW WITHOUT THE STATE, STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, ANARCHISM, LEGAL ORDER

CHARTISM: The Chartists clung to the belief that if the world was left to work upon its own natural laws all would be well. But the world had not been left alone: positive law had been grafted onto natural law; and the result was tyranny, chaos and corruption.” - Ivor Brown, English Political Theory, Methuen, London, 1920, p.113. – To my knowledge the Chartists did not produce an ideal declaration of individual rights and liberties, or of “natural rights” either, nor an ideal militia to protect them. They still believed they could achieve their aim merely via a petition to a territorial imperial power! – In this respect they were almost as naïve as the present constitutionalists are. – I doubt that even one of them thought of the right to secede form the State and the right to issue the own money tokens and chose the own value standard and the right to settle one’s debts by honest and efficient clearing actions. - JZ, 12.11.08. - NATURAL LAW VS. "POSITIVE" LAW

CHASTITY: We may eventually come to realize that chastity is no more a virtue than malnutrition. - Alex Comfort - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online.

CHAUVINISM: Chauvinism, n. Egotistical collectivism." - L. A. Rollins, Lucifer's Lexicon.

CHEAP MONEY: Cheap money isn't necessarily bad money. It could still be issued on a stable value basis and could just be an easily available clearing medium to facilitate every desired exchange. – JZ, 75.  – INFLATION, MONETARY FREEDOM, DEPRECIATION, GOOD MONEY, BAD MONEY, STABLE VALUE RECKONING, FREE CHOICE OF VALUE STANDARDS, COMPETING PRIVATE CURRENCIES, PAPER MONIES

CHEATING: The government cheats you in thousands of ways. It is thus not entitled to an honest response from you, which it could use to further restrict your liberties and earnings and confiscate your property. You have no individual contract with it that obliges you and even if you had, the politicians and bureaucrats have broken their words thousands of times. So, cheat, in self-defence of your rights and liberties, as often as you can do so effectively. - JZ, 19.3.94, 27.4.94. - You are not obliged to reveal a good hiding place for your valuables to any robber or thief. - Cheating or lying to him preserves your rights. He is not entitled to your truths on the matter. - LIES, TRUTH, SECRECY, TAXATION

CHEATING: We don't help ourselves by cheating each other.” - Frank Herbert & Bill Ransom, The Jesus Incident, 184. - HELP, SELF-HELP, HONESTY, TRUTHFULNESS

CHECKS & BALANCES: The advent of democracy in the last century brought a decisive change in the range of governmental powers. For centuries efforts had been directed towards limiting the powers of government; and the gradual development of Constitutions served no other purpose than this. Suddenly it was believed that the control of government by elected representatives of the majority made unnecessary any other checks on the powers of government, so that all those various Constitutional safeguards which had been developed in the course of time could be dispensed with. - Thus arose unlimited democracy - and it is unlimited democracy, not just democracy, which is the problem of today." - Source? - - In "representative" democracies citizens are not free to decide e.g. on taxes and on war and peace issues. To that extent they are all too limited. And neither territorial constitutions nor conventional "checks and balances" have so far ever worked very well for a long time. New kinds of checks and balances are needed: Mainly: No government should be granted exclusive territorial powers and be based on compulsory membership and subordination to its laws in the first place. - JZ, 27.4.94. - CONSTITUTIONS, REFERENDUM, MILITIA, HUMAN RIGHTS, SECESSION, RESISTANCE, TYRANNICIDE, PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, DEMOCRACY, PARLIAMENTS, VOLUNTARY TAXATION

CHECKS AND BALANCES: The American 'checks and balances' system is largely a fraud, contrasted to the real checks and balances provided by the free economy." - Murray N. Rothbard, REASON, 3/73. - I would add: and by those of freely competing and only exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers and by volunteer militias for the protection of individual rights. - JZ, 27.4.94.

CHEERFULNESS: Be always as cheerful as ever you can - for nobody likes a sorrowful man." - 1977 Collins Desk Calendar saying. - Cheerful libertarians seem to be rare, as rare as libertarian and anarchist jokes are. We should use humour as a weapon rather than an angry face or remark. - JZ, 27.4.94, 15.11.08. - ANGER, LAUGHTER, HUMOUR, JOKES

CHILD CARE: child care is the most tangible service schools provide." - Everrett Reimer, School is Dead, p.24. - Do they provide it? They are bully-, violence-, and gang ridden. Attending school can be very dangerous to non-conforming individuals. - JZ, 27.4.94.

CHILD CARE: If politicians were serious about day care for children, instead of just sloganizing about it, nothing they could do would improve the quality of child care more than by lifting the heavy burden of taxation that forces so many families to have both parents working.” – Thomas Sowell - TAXATION

CHILD ENDOWMENTS: No child endowments. Let each pay for his own children. Let none be forced to support the children of others, but at the same time, put no obstacles in the way of possible foster or adopting parents. Give children the chance to adopt, with consent, alternative guardians. Realize their right to work, among other rights of children. Freedom for upbringing and education loan arrangements, on a tax-free and stable value basis. Such loans could be a commercial proposition in the absence of government restrictions. They would be repayable by parents and children. - Anyhow, under monetary freedom and other aspects of a free market economy, most able and willing parents could easily support several children. – JZ, n.d. – RIGHTS OF CHILDREN.

CHILD LABOUR LAWS: Adam Smith wrote that in the mid-18th century any widow with many children in New England was much sought-after as an economic value by suitors, so great was the demand for labor at that time. Since then worker productivity has increased many times, but so has statist regulation of children." - Albert the Unknown, LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 8.11.75.

CHILD LABOUR LAWS: Child labour laws are anti-youth." - Leonard E. Read, Thoughts Rule the World, 20. – So far more the unsound ones than the sound ones. – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHILD LABOUR LAWS: Government has no more business deciding at what age children should enter or leave school than determining in what month a child should be toilet trained." - Clarence B. Carson, THE FREEMAN, August 76. - EDUCATION, SCHOOLS

CHILD LABOUR LAWS: Historian Robert Hessen, in his article ‘Child Labor and the Industrial Revolution', which is contained in THE OBJECTIVIST NEWSLETTER for April of 1962, goes on to attack the idea that children suffered in the 'sweatshops' and coal mines during the British industrial revolution of the 19th century. As Hessen indicates, the introduction of the factory system into England in the 18th and 19th centuries 'offered a livelihood, a means of survival, to tens of thousands of children who would not have lived to be youths in the pre-capitalist eras.' - The proportion of those born in London dying before 5 years of age fell from 74.5% in 1730-49 to 31.8% in 1810-20." (Mabel C. Buer, “Health, Welfare and Population in the Early Days of the Industrial Revolution”, page 30.) - "Child labor was not ended by legislative fiat; child labor ended when it became economically unnecessary for children to earn wages in order to survive - when the income of their parents became sufficient to support them." - Quotes in O'Neill, Ayn Rand, p. 57. – , INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

CHILD LABOUR LAWS: how foolish we are to spend as much as we do in keeping in school millions of children who are sick to death of school and want to earn money." - Henry Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 2/76. – Compulsory schooling largely conditions children to idleness and apathy – and fills them with popular errors and prejudices spread by their statist teachers. – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHILD LABOUR LAWS: I don't think child labor laws protect children - in fact, they exploit children." - John Holt, OUTLOOK,1/73.

CHILD LABOUR LAWS: Industrial Revolution, an age "that enhanced the lives of everyone including those children who may have had to work, but at least they lived past the age of seven." - Charles Blackwell, according to James Ervin, SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 2/80.

CHILD LABOUR LAWS: Leonard Read was born on a farm in Michigan. Having the background of a 102-hour work-week from 11 to 18, he maintains that "economic progress, not law, has lessened child labour." However, he looks back upon those early years, not as 'child labor', but as a wonderful opportunity for growth." - From a remark about the author, in Read's "Who Is Listening?"

CHILD LABOUR LAWS: no amount of Factory Acts will make us better parents." - Auberon Herbert, quoted in Mack, p. 179.

CHILD LABOUR LAWS: Repeal those goddam child labor laws and let people begin a series of apprenticeships by the age of 13." - Karl Hess, "PLAYBOY", 7/76.

CHILD LABOUR LAWS: Senator Abraham Ribicoff has noted that most of the things he did to earn money as a boy would now be forbidden. His conclusion: this country has far too many laws coddling children. Indeed, as many have noted, the great problem of the urban young person is not overwork but a deadening, self-destroying idleness." - B. R. Rogge, THE FREEMAN, March 75.

CHILD LABOUR LAWS: The reason why the devil is the only one now finding work for the idle hands of children is that the law prevents anyone else from doing it." - FREE LIFE, 1981. - Not only the law. Most parents, too. Any job that can be done by children ought to be done by those of them able and willing to undertake them. Only forced labour and slave labour is wrong, for children as well as for adults. - JZ, 27.4.94.

CHILD LABOUR LAWS: We have the spectacle today of child labour in the schools, of slave labour in the schools." - Vic Thomas, 28.4.76. - SCHOOLS, EDUCATION

CHILD PROTECTION: Child care is largely discussed on the basis of day care centres, health, schooling, family subsidies etc., - but not in terms of preventing nuclear war and the threat of it. - JZ, 8.11.88.

CHILD PROTECTION: Child protection is everyone's responsibility." - Radio adv., 6.7.82. – Do strangers have the SAME responsibility for them as their parents and other members of their family? – JZ, 29.1.13.

CHILDREN: A situation where the parents respect all the rights of children but the children respect none of the rights of adults, is not a healthy situation or one that can last long. - Nor is a situation where the parents do not respect the rights of the children nor the children the rights of the parents, anything but a recipe for disasters. - JZ, 28.4.94.

CHILDREN: All men are children of God and are merely made flesh through the spirits of father and mother. Therefore, the father has no absolute power over the son." - The Wisdom of Confucius, p. 39. ( Pan Ku, bk.v.) - Alas, even some individualist anarchists have considered children as the "property" of their parents. - JZ, 30.9.02.

CHILDREN: As Kahlil Gibran has pithily put it, our children come THROUGH us not FROM us..." - Ronald Conway, QUADRANT, 4/76.

CHILDREN: Can't feed'em? Then don't breed'em. – Anonymous – While morally there exists parental responsibility for parents, children, in a free society, are such an economic asset that personal loans for their upbringing and education might be very profitable. – JZ, 5.4.12. – Moreover, when free to do so, they can, largely already support themselves from an early age, as they did under relatively backwards agriculture. – JZ, 21.7.13. - & PARENTS, POPULATION

CHILDREN: Childhood is the longest prison sentence without parole.” – Mary Rogers, a song writer interviewed on ABC, on 10.2.97. – CHILDHOOD, CHILDREN’S RIGHTS

CHILDREN: Children may be little, but they are people." - Dagobert D. Runes, On the Nature of Man, 88.

CHILDREN: Children ought to learn or made to learn, with disciplinary measures, as soon as possible, that parents have rights, too, not because they are taller and older and more experienced but because they are individual people, too. - JZ, 28.4.94.

CHILDREN: Children too numerous? - Can’t feed’em? Then don’t breed’em.” – Anonymous. - By now most parents, in somewhat free and thus somewhat developed countries, do not have more children than they expect to be able to support. Actually they have begun, long ago, to have even less and this trend is observable in the other countries as well, where the population increase is already decreasing. The above original but anonymous "smart" remark is based upon overpopulation misconceptions. Every additional healthy child is, at least potentially, a person who will soon be able and willing to increase our living standard further. Thus upbringing and education loans could be very profitable. Moreover, for every child whose parents can't cope, at present, usually because they are not sufficiently free and working in a quite free economy, there are now probably several potential adoptive parents. Only governments get in the way of many adoptions, especially international ones, and so they do not take place. - All somewhat free food producers tend to complain that there are not enough mouths for them to fill. - JZ, 26. 11. 06. – , OVERPOPULATION?

CHILDREN: Each child needs to be treated as an individual because he is an individual." - R. J. Williams, You Are Extraordinary, p.71.

CHILDREN: free the children." - Thomas L. Johnson, THE FREEMAN, 11/73. - When this is uttered without qualifications, I am reminded of the saying : "Freedom means responsibility. That's why most people dread it." – JZ

CHILDREN: I have found the best way to give advice to your children is to find out what they want and then advise them to do it." - Harry S. Truman, television interview, May 27, 1955. – If they like to bully other children and if they like arson – as well? – All too many children do also commit suicide. If one knows this intention of a particular child, should one say to tt: “Go ahead!”? - J.Z., 29.1.13.

CHILDREN: If politicians were serious about day care for children, instead of just sloganizing about it, nothing they could do would improve the quality of child care more than by lifting the heavy burden of taxation that forces so many families to have both parents working. – Thomas Sowell - & TAXATION

CHILDREN: in the case of a child, individuality must be disciplined until such time as reason has taught him to respect the individual rights of others." – Jerome Tuccille, Radical Libertarianism, p.30.

CHILDREN: In the U.S. today there is a pervasive tendency to treat children as adults, and adults as children. The options of children are thus steadily expanded, while those of adults are progressively constricted. The result is unruly children and childish adults." - Children do not threaten the State. Their delinquency even strengthens it. - JZ, 8.4.94. - But we should not overlook that by child labour, education and welfare laws the State has also severely restricted the rights of children and parents in the first place. Many teenagers, who could have supported themselves, under freedom, were thus kept artificially dependent. - JZ, 28.4.94. - CHILDREN'S RIGHTS

CHILDREN: It was John Stuart Mill who believed that freedom was intended for adults only: it was inappropriate that children should have liberty. (*) Thus it became the duty of parents to train children in readiness to exercise freedom for themselves. In the past, freedom did not enter into a child's upbringing for it was the parents who made the laws in the home: the laws which were passed on from one generation to another. - In modern times, however, the authority of parents is being eroded by harmful literature, television programmes (**) and certain teachers who fail to recognize the value of self-discipline." - Lady Morrison of Lambeth, in K. W. Watkins, ed., In Defence of Freedom, p. 80. - - (*) Rather: They cannot as yet have all liberties, since they cannot as yet handle all of them, e.g., freedom of press, guns, poisons and migration. They should be respected only in those rights and liberties they can already handle or can safely enough grow into. - - (**) I doubt that either of these two are really harmful but do assert that schools, teachers and the compulsory associations with certain pupils often are. - JZ, 7.4.91, 28.4.94.

CHILDREN: It's more important to world proof the child than to child proof the world." - J. Neil Schulman, May 90. - The compulsory fencing of private swimming pools is perhaps a good example. - JZ 28.4.94.

CHILDREN: Just kids" may be "just" as a judgment. Are adults just, often enough? - JZ, 31.7.88.  The expression "They are just children!" may be just as an excuse for their unjust actions, which we should not expect to conform as yet to the highest standards of justice. But are adults often enough "just adults", i.e., acting in accordance with the principles of justice? - JZ, 29.4.94.

CHILDREN: Lao Tse says ( at least in Leary's translation ) that the Great Tao is most often found with parents who are willing to learn from their children." – Robert Anton Wilson, Cosmic Trigger, p.133. - Sometimes, in some respects, yes. But often to mostly it's the other way around, which has been well expressed with: "Each new generation is a new invasion by barbarians." - JZ, 30.9.02. - TAOISM, PARENTS, LAOTSE, LEARNING, TRUTH, KNOWLEDGE

CHILDREN: Men are generally more careful of the breed of their horses and dogs than of their children." - William Penn, Some Fruits of Solitude, 1693, 1.85.

CHILDREN: Never crowd youngsters about their private affairs - sex especially. When they are growing up, they are nerve ends all over, and resent (quite properly) any invasion of their privacy. Oh, sure, they'll make mistakes - but that's their business, not yours. (You made your own mistakes, did you not?)" – Robert Heinlein: Lazarus Long.

CHILDREN: One of the first lessons children have to be taught, when ready for it, is that parents have not only guardianship authority but personal rights, too, e.g. the right not to be unnecessarily disturbed and rights to their property, which children must learn to respect. However, parents who do not respect the few rights which a child can already claim, cannot expect that their children will respect the rights of the parents - unless they establish a parental despotism over them, which is not a proper solution, either. - JZ, 17.3.89, 28.4.94. – CHILDREN’S RIGHTS, PARENTS’ RIGHTS

CHILDREN: PLAYBOY: Have you ever had any personal experience as a teacher? - Hess: I taught logic to eight-year olds at a local public school recently. The kids ate it up and spat it out. Nobody'd taught them how to be dumb yet." - PLAYBOY, 7/76. - - Spat it out? Applied what they had learned? - JZ

CHILDREN: really listen to the kids." - Robert Anton Wilson, Cosmic Trigger, p.133.

CHILDREN: Respect the child. Be not too much his parent. Trespass not on his solitude." - Emerson, Lectures and Biographical Sketches: Education.

CHILDREN: Something like a treaty or agreement between children and parents is required on emergency obedience, to avoid any arguments in urgent cases and allow for "Do It Now!" commands, to be given and instantly obeyed, on the understanding that an explanation and discussion will come later and, in case the order turned out to be wrong, an apology and "indemnification" or consolation will have to be offered. - JZ, 17.3.89, 28.4.94.

CHILDREN: The child belongs to no one but itself." - Gerard Mendel, Plädoyer fuer die Entkolonisierung des Kindes, Olten/Freiburg, 1973, S. 192. - Compare the drafts of Children's Rights in PEACE PLANS 589/590.

CHILDREN: The child is nobody's property." - Schweizer Lehrer: Verdraengtes Wissen, S. 15.

CHILDREN: The child is the property of nobody, he belongs to himself..." - James Guillaume, Ideas on Social Organisation, 1876.

CHILDREN: The dictates of genetics, of evolution and of developmental biology all demonstrate that individuals vary both in rates and sequences of development. Children are in fact gloriously unequal." - Lady Morrison of Lambeth in K.W. Watkins, ed., In Defence of Freedom, 78.

CHILDREN: The most important of these rights, in order to determine the rules of the parent-child relationship, is the right to property. As has also been stated before, this right of property is the right of control over and disposal of property, and, in particular, gives the owner the right to determine the rules of use of the property. So while parents do not 'own' their children, they do own the house, furniture, food, money, and other things that the children need and use to survive. For their part, the children 'own' their lives, and those things they have earned, have been given, or have otherwise morally acquired. The important implication of this is that parents have the right to set the house rules and conditions. The children, on the other hand, have a fundamental choice to make - they have the right to accept or reject these rules and conditions. If they choose to reject them, and the parents refuse to change them, the children have the right to leave home and seek alternative arrangements." – John Singleton with Bob Howard, Rip Van Australia, p.284.

CHILDREN: The rearing of the child must become a process of liberation by methods that do not impose ready-made ideas but aid the child's natural self-unfoldment." - Alexander Berkman, MOTHER EARTH, Nov. 1910.

CHILDREN: The relation of parents and children is the only case of sacrifice in Nature. Elsewhere equivalence of exchange prevails rigorously." – W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, p.64. - Exchange and mutual aid relationships can also be intentionally, openly and successfully introduced between children and parents when the children are still young, as several experiments have proven. - JZ, 28.4.94.

CHILDREN: the rules that prevail, that every man is entitled to freedom from parental authority at twenty-one years of age, and no one before that age, are of the same class of absurdities with those that have been mentioned. The only ground on which a parent is ever entitled to exercise authority over his child, is that the child is incapable of taking reasonable care of himself. The child would be entitled to his freedom from his birth, if he were at that time capable of taking reasonable care of himself. Some become capable of taking care of themselves at an earlier age than others. And whenever any one becomes capable of taking reasonable care of himself, and not until then, he is entitled to his freedom, be his age more or less." – Lysander Spooner, II/184, Trial by Jury.

CHILDREN: There would be little sense to existence, did boys have no chance to be more than their fathers." - Poul Anderson, "We have fed our sea", in ASTOUNDING SF, 12/58. – What about girls and mothers? – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHILDREN: What percentage of our children is the result of too few contacts for one or both of the parents, to find optimal partners for them and of insufficient natural attraction and selection, which leads to a less than optimal natural breeding, if that selection can be considered as optimal? - JZ, 3.7.87. - Well, at least the sexual segregation in schools and universities has been largely ended. But it remains, e.g., in Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts. - JZ, 28.4.94. - NATURAL SELECTION, DARWINISM, CONTACTS, MEETING CENTRES, DISCUSSION CENTRES

CHILDREN: Where parents do too much for their children, the children will not do much for themselves." - Elbert Hubbard, The Note Book, 1927. – Or even for their parents. – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHILDREN: With children think small to comprehend, help and guide them. – JZ, 24.4.97. – Not that this would help with e.g. enraged, dogmatic or “all-knowing” teenagers, before they really grow up. – JZ, 22.9.08.

CHILDREN: With regard to children, all we can do ( from the point of view of a far-reaching self-interest ), beyond denying the rights of parents and others to ill-treat the children in their charge, is to succour them ourselves whenever, and to what extent, our individual sympathies for the unfortunate ones may impel us. Any child must be allowed to accept such outside help, whenever its own parents forget their position as guardians by neglect or cruelty. To deny such liberty to the child would be an aggression upon the child." - Badcock, Slaves to Duty. – COMPULSORY EDUCATION, SCHOOLS, HUMAN RIGHTS, RIGHTS OF CHILDREN

CHILDREN'S RIGHTS: Children have the right to work. You do not have the right to deny it to them! - JZ, 2/75. - Children have also an obligation to work, to help their parents bring them up. The details of that obligation should be negotiable between parents and children. - JZ, 28.4.94.

CHILDREN'S RIGHTS: Hitler "merely" aborted Jewish adults and children as a matter of choice and convenience to himself, while he considered them to be sub-human aliens and enemies or used them as such scapegoats. What makes the mass murders of unborn children even worse than that genocide is that it is practised by the parents of these victims (*) and more or less openly, with numerous rationalisations and with professional aid and often financed with tax tributes extorted from opponents of abortions. (*) Here one should also note that the rationalisation is often given in the form of "a woman's choice", not: "a mother's choice" or "a parent's choice". - The limited choices of a guardian and the end of all choices for the victim, are usually not mentioned or ignored, by the denial of their humanity. As if the offspring of humans could be anything but human and as if more than a difference of a few months of personal development were involved. - JZ, 28.4.94.

CHILDREN'S RIGHTS: I would rather live in a society which treated children as adults than one which treated adults as children." ‑ Lizard. , CONTROLS, REGULATIONS, MATURITY, INDIVIDUAL LIBERTY & RIGHTS, GOVERNMENTS. Some children’s rights draft are offered by me among over 130 private human rights drafts in PEACE PLANS 589/590, offered by me as zipped email attachments until they are put online or on a CD. – JZ,

CHILDREN'S RIGHTS: Intentional abortion by parents, with the aid of professionals, seems to be a strong case for the reestablishment of the rights of Athenians in ancient Athens, to make themselves the guardians of a child to protect the rights of that child. In other words, when parents intend to abort a child, others, hearing of that intention, ought to be authorised to adopt that child. That would make them financially responsible for the costs involved. Later the child should be free to charge the parents and the professionals involved with conspiracy to commit child murder. - JZ, 28.4.94.

CHILDREN'S RIGHTS: The right not to be aborted, before and after birth. Regarding abortion: For oneself, for one's own children, this crime is preventable inmost cases. One is usually not conscripted into committing it - unless one lives in a totalitarian State like Red China. One may only be compelled to pay taxes towards the abortion of other people's children, upon their demand or the advise of "specialists". One does not have to abort one's own. - JZ, 6.11.93, 31.3.94. - ABORTION & WAR

CHINA: Can you imagine a variety of Chinese governance and societal systems, all only by and for volunteers and without any of them making any territorial monopoly claim, to which most of the present regime’s soldiers and officers as well as civilians would gladly defect, or with which they would soon otherwise affiliated themselves, individual by individual, or in whole groups, more so than they did when they defected en masse from the bad territorial government of Chiang Kai Check to the bad territorial government of Mao? I believe that if enough Chinese in the world pondered this question and its results, then most of the presently still remaining problems in China, for most of its diverse peoples, would soon be over through this change of opinion and institutions. Whatever State Socialists and communists of any kind, who would still remain loyal to their particular system, could then continue with it or come to realize it for the first time, among themselves, undisturbed by the voluntary associations of others and they would thus not resist desperately, apart from a few addicts to territorial power over dissenters. - Do not attempt an immediate and off-the-cuff reply but ponder the question and all its implications sufficiently, perhaps via comparing it with the analogy of religious tolerance or religious liberty, applied to the religion of territorial statism or territorialism, its monopolism and coercion. After all, full freedom of association, contract and experimentation are quite basic individual rights and liberties and everywhere recognized already or taken for granted - at least to some extent. – JZ, 6.12.12. – & PANARCHISM, GOVERNMENTS & SOCIETIES IN EXILE FOR A RIGHTFUL & PEACEFUL REVOLUTION THERE, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PERSONAL LAW

CHINA: China flays U.S. over credit rating downgrade - - It would be much more right and useful if the Yuan as the Chinese government's monopoly money with legal tender power were to lose this monopoly and this power, i.e. were subjected to free competition from alternative privately or cooperatively issued exchange media and also from alternative and much sounder value standards. Neither a territorial government nor a central banking system as such CAN BE SUFFICIENTLY REFORMED! – JZ, 8.8.11, on Facebook - : CHINESE CENTRAL BANKING, INFLATION & CURRENCY REFORM ATTEMPTS UNDER MONETARY DESPOTISM, INSTEADY OF UNDER MONETARY & FINANCIAL FREEDOM

CHINA: China produced the intellectual who was also a man of action – the Confucian mandarin-governor. He was a figure worthy of emulation because of his learning and the ethical standards of his conduct. The warrior was regarded as an inferior human being, to be tolerated when he was necessary, but never to be admired. There was noting intrinsically good in his art of war. – Neil Sheehan, A Bright Shining Lie, John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam, Picador ed., 1990, by Pan Books Ltd., p.160. - Best book on this War that I have read. – There were many lies involved, on all sides, in all past and present wars. – JZ, 12.10.12. - TRADITION RE MANDARINS & WARRIORS

CHINA: Don’t Worry About the Yuan - - We should worry about any monopoly money with legal tender power anywhere. It allows despotic or authoritarian regimes to remain in power and to conduct aggressive wars. Haven't we had enough historical proofs for that already? – JZ, 15.6.11 on Facebook. - CHINA’S MONOPOLY MONEY, THE YUAN:

CHINA: I for one recognize the Republic of China rather than Mao's regime - and the individual rights of the Chinese against both governments. I would gladly recognize any Chinese government in Exile that intends to rule now and in future only over volunteers. - JZ, 14.3.73, 28.4.94.

CHINA: I found several hints that until about 1750 Chinas was ahead of Europe and the New World in science, culture and technology in most respects but from then on fell behind. If this is true, then the question remains: why? Among the many possibly correct answers are: The Chinese language, Confucianism, the insecurity of the country, due to robbers and war lords, the petrifying and retarding effects of customs and a complacent imperial bureaucracy, the absence of patent offices and of large gold and silver finds and of at least limited practices of monetary freedom, beyond some suppressed experiments and some stable value reckoning, family traditions and the absence of thinking in terms of human rights and the formulation of codes of individual rights. There may be other factors that I am presently not aware of and I may be wrong on any of these. After all, we still do not know and appreciate or agree fully on all of the many factors, either, why the Roman Empire declined and fell, although records on this are much more numerous for us. However, here is one interesting and relevant glimpse for freedom lovers: "Ambitious Chinese saw that the time was ripe for domination of the world by gun-carrying ships. They pulled their high technology together and built dozens of large sailing junks with multiple masts, steered by sternpost rudders, navigated by magnetic compasses, and armed with guns. In A.D. 1405 a powerful fleet set off to impress the barbarians, and a succession of expeditions overawed half the known world, gathering treasure from as far away as Mecca and Africa. Had that naval policy persisted, this book would be written in Chinese. Officials and accountants persuaded the emperor after less than thirty years to put a stop to it, and eventually they destroyed even the records of the voyages. It was bureaucracy's most breathtaking accomplishment." - Nigel Calder, Timescale, quoted in ANALOG, 5/85.

CHINA: If we could win 1 billion Chinese over from totalitarianism to full free market ideas, the battle for freedom would almost be won. Instead, we antagonise them and throw doubts on freedom by immigration and trade restrictions, by taxation and central governments, by an avalanche of legislation, by dealings with their rulers, by not recognising Chinese governments in exile. - JZ, 18.3.84, 28.4.94.

CHINA: In late 1978, Deng Xiaoping faced a China devastated by the Cultural Revolution and years of Mao’s misrule. He made a courageous decision. He was going to embrace the market and end China’s isolation from the world, and he did it. It did not come all at once. It suffered some terrible setbacks, notably Tiananmen Square, and it is a revolution that remains far from complete, but it is also real. - Rupert Murdoch, in a speech, undated, beginnings, taken from a transcript, p.3. – POSITIVE SIGNS OF THE TIMES

CHINA: Many and very diverse, voluntary and exterritorially autonomous Chinese communities vs. territorial Red China. – JZ, 13.5.06. They could largely dissolve it without a war, without a violent revolution. – For its remaining few volunteers the present regime could then even be continued, indefinitely, as long as it still finds any voluntary supporters. - JZ, 6.10.07. – PANARCHISM, LIBERATION, GOVERNMENTS IN EXILE

CHINA: The man in China has no right of assembly, no freedom of press or speech, no right to strike or travel, no right to conjugal living with his family, no rights to any property, no matter how small, no choice of work or leisure - in fact, he is just a nameless cog in the machinery of the commune. Still the law of China, as set down in its Red constitution, reads like a parchment of the people's privileges. Jurists made it read like that at the behest of Mao, who masterminded the code." - D. R. Runes, Treasury of Thought, p.81. - In the meantime, rather than economically collapsing altogether, the regime has introduced some limited economic liberties but, in spite of their successes, kept a tight lid on all of them. And I have not yet heard of any other libertarian revolution programme for such a State than my own, in PEACE PLANS 61-63. - JZ, 28.4.94. –

CHINA: The problem of numerous ethnic (ca. 56 in China) and dozens to thousands of other minorities in most other countries as well, will only be solved when finally all systems are only applied by and to their volunteers, under personal law and full exterritorial autonomy. For each country such panarchistic or polyarchic societies and governance systems in exile should become recognized. They would also be the best and most efficient allies for all democracies against all dictatorships. And I hope that the dictatorships will attempt to recognized alternative governments and societies or democracies and republics as well. That would accelerate the dissolution of all territorial powers, which are always wrong towards the peaceful dissenters. – JZ, Facebook, 11.11.12, commenting to Nizam Ahmad’s comments in recent troubles in China: ‎"the report, published in English in April 2012, documents the Chinese state's top-down destruction of Uyghur communities in Kashgar and throughout East Turkestan, in a targeted and highly politicized push that Chinese officials have accelerated in the wake of turbulent unrest in the region in 2009." - John Zube on Facebook, date? - MINORITIES, MINORITY AUTONOMY IN ALL COUNTRIES, PEACE JUSTICE, GENUINE SELF-GOVERNMENT, VOLUNTARISM, PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY

CHINA: The World Bank says China's GDP per capita was $5,500 last year, versus $22,400 in South Korea, $34,500 in Hong Kong and $46,200 in Singapore, which all avoided the middle-income trap. - Nizam Ahmad – Facebook, 3.11.12. – Even after the worst economic features of communism are over in China, it is still as backward compared with these other States, which had some more economic liberties for a few more decades. What would its GDP be now without its "liberation" by Mao? And what under full economic freedom for the last 100 years? – JZ, 3.11.12. - COMMUNISM & POVERTY

CHINA: with the Communists in power, nothing in China is worth real money. That’s the lesson the Americans and British and Japanese are going to learn the hard way. – Stephen Coonts, Hong Kong, ORION, 2000, p.129. – FOREIGN INVESTMENTS, INVESTMENTS IN COMMUNIST CHINA

CHOICE: A free man must make a free choice. It is his birthright. A man cannot give more, even to the son he has fathered." - Minnic Hite Moody: The Freedom Suit, in "This Is America", by Max Herzberg. – Alas, America is not yet panarchistic. – In which country will the first conversion to panarchism occur? Actually, only a revival of an ancient tradition but one that would prevent nuclear war, if generally applied and also terrorism, civil wars and violent revolutions. Do we expect territorial leaders to introduce it? That would not be impossible, since thus they could secure a sinecure over their remaining volunteers. No more troubling election campaigns for them. But their followers would expect them to fulfil their rightful promises – in the absence of all internal and external active opposition, except the merely verbal one. – JZ, 15.11.08. – Actually, even a father cannot “give it” to his sons and daughters, since it is an individual right, associated with their individual sovereignty. – JZ, 29.1.13. - PANARCHISM

CHOICE: A Society, which maximises choice, is a choice society. - JZ, 29.7. 78.

CHOICE: All choices! Each only for those who choose it.: - JZ, 8.5.92. - PANARCHISM


CHOICE: And, choice must mean not merely a static selection among available alternatives, but an act of creation that generates new ranges of possibilities, defining the 'now' by uniting an assessment of the past with the creation of the future. A free man does not confine himself to a technocratic politics of the possible. His world is that of the politics of the ever-expanding desirable." - Silbert, Man's Power, p.162. - CHANCES, LIBERTY, FREEDOM, MORALITY, PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES – NEVER FULLY & OPTIMALLY STATED AS YET!

CHOICE: Any person should be allowed to act creatively as he, not someone else, determines. Such volitional action - freedom of choice - is the definition of freedom." - L. E. Read, ABCs of Freedom. – But in the sphere of societies and governments he wanted to limit it to limited and territorial governments, just like Ayn Rand did. – JZ, 15.11.08. - PANARCHISM

CHOICE: As much free choice as a person wants and can stand. - JZ, 18.9.84. - PANARCHISM.

CHOICE: Beggars can't be choosers." - Common saying. - Well, as a garbage can scrounger one must and can even choose among garbage. In "affluent" countries some quality consumables can be found even there. I am still using a blanket I picked up 12 years ago in a German large open garbage can. It was better than most than can be found cheaply in many opportunity shops. All it needed was a wash. When it comes to clothing donated to beggars, they are rather "well off": During my 1990/91 trip to the US, I noticed that beggars or street people often discarded clothing that had been donated to them, e.g. when it got dirty. They got it for free, so they did not bother cleaning it, in one of the automated laundries or get it dry cleaned. Few other people can afford to throw away their clothing after using it only once! Generally, beggars do prefer cash to clothing or food. Thus, they are choosers, too. - JZ, 30.9.02.

CHOICE: But no such freedom of choice is allowed the individual when flight from integrity occurs in the realm of politics. The individual, irrespective of his scruples, his morals, his ideals, his tastes, is helplessly swept with millions of others into the miserable mess which the dull weight of ignorance gradually but inevitably inflicts on everyone." – Leonard E. Read, ELEMENTS OF LIBERTARIAN LEADERSHIP, p.105. - BUREAUCRACY, TERRITORIALISM, TAXATION, LICENSING, REGULATIONS

CHOICE: But the risk of making the wrong choice is the price we must pay for freedom. It is well worth is." – Admiral Ben Moreell, Log II, 132. – Panarchies would give us other choices as well rather than merely the limited choices left by territorially imposed governments. – JZ, 8.11.10.

CHOICE: Choice is never scrap.” – “Farscape”, season 3, 3-11, Incubation, a DVD movie. - FREE CHOICE

CHOICE: Choice is the essence of ethics: if there were no choice, there would be no ethics, no good, no evil; good and evil have meaning only insofar as man is free to choose. - Margaret Thatcher, speaking to the Zuerich Economics Society in 1977. -  CHOICE, ETHICS, GOOD, EVIL, FREEDOM TO CHOOSE

CHOICE: Choice is the prerogative of those who can use it.” - Richard S. McEnroe, The Shattered Stars, 83. - Those who can't use it rationally - do still have the right to make their own mistakes - but only at their own risk and expense. - JZ, 22.1.02. - FREEDOM, RATIONAL BEINGS, RIGHTS OR RATIONAL BEINGS

Choice: choice means nothing without a concomitant responsibility for that choice." - Ridgway K. Foley, Jr., THE FREEMAN, 1/76, p. 48. - He means choices in society. For even Robinson Crusoe had to make choices while he was alone, responsible to no one else. But he had to live with their consequences. - JZ

CHOICE: Choice represents the means of expressing freedom, the manner in which each human actor decides between the myriad alternatives open to him." - Ridgway K. Foley, Jr., THE FREEMAN, 3/77. – The panarchist choices – of societies and governments, are not yet open to individuals, although they are long overdue. – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHOICE: Choices must be left to individuals." - GUARDIAN, leader, Dec. 31.1973. - Choices must be left to the individuals directly concerned and within their basic rights and liberties, rather than to any politicians, bureaucrats, policemen and judges. - JZ, 28.4.94. – That would also mean an end to any territorial rule. – JZ, 15.11.08. – PANARCHISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM

CHOICE: Choose for yourself, not for others. - JZ 5/73.

CHOICE: Distrusting the ability of the 'common man' to make choices, the Communist police states delegate to little commissars in big jobs the right to determine what should be produced and in what quantities. In contrast, the free market purports to give optimum opportunity to individuals to express preferences." - M. S. Rukeyser, THE FREEMAN, 10/75. – Hardly under central banking or monetary despotism, taxation and protectionism and uncounted government interventions still existing in supposedly free market countries, especially territorial laws and institutions, at best approved by majorities. Free markets for all kinds of governmental and societal services, including personal laws! – JZ, 15.11.08. - COMMAND ECONOMY, COMMUNISM, SOCIALISM, PLANNING, MIXED ECONOMY, MARKET, CAPITALISM, LAISSEZ FAIRE, PANARCHISM

CHOICE: Don’t blind yourself, … If you keep telling yourself that those are your only choices, then those are the only choices that you’ll ever make.” – Debra Doyle and James D. MacDonald, Starpilot’s Grave, Book Two of the Mageworlds, p. 97. - ALL TOO LIMITED VS. AS UNLIMITED FREE CHOICES AS POSSIBLE, TERRITORIALISM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, STATISM, PARTIES, PANARCHISM, VOTING

CHOICE: Each individual must be allowed to choose among available alternatives because he is a purposive being, capable of charting his own destiny." - Ridgway K. Foley, Jr., THE FREEMAN, 4/73. – FREE CHOICE OF GOVERNMENTS, COMMUNITIES & SOCIETIES, INCLUDING EXTERRITORIALLY AUTONOMOUS ONES: PANARCHISM OR POLYARCHY! To my knowledge R. K. F. never went that far. – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHOICE: Each to be the maker (smith) of his own fate." - Old German proverb.

CHOICE: Each to his choice, and I rejoice." - Rudyard Kipling, Sussex.

CHOICE: encourage personal choice before government regulation.” – Labor IT spokeswoman Senator Kate Lundy, quoted in A. 20.7.99 regarding Internet censorship. – REGULATIONS, CENSORSHIP, INTERNET

CHOICE: Everyone favours freedom of choice. There are only different degrees of consistency. - JZ 12.10.78. - Everyone wants a different degree of freedom of choice. Few have so far agreed at least in theory on the desirability of the greatest possible freedom of choice consistent with the greatest possible freedom of choice of every other peaceful and creative being. - Then there are the numerous different interpretation of or applications of that theory to practical proposals. - JZ, 28.4.94. – If only they did favour it – in every sphere. That is not even true for all anarchists and libertarians. – JZ, 29.1.13.

CHOICE: finally, that no law or government has succeeded or indeed can succeed in preventing every man from striving after his own and his loved one's earthly well-being in the way he considers most suitable by making use of his faculty of free choice ( the natural corollary of his liberty, as we see in the activities of smugglers in contravention of the laws limiting international trade and in the so-called 'black market' in violation of the legal restrictions on domestic commerce." - Balve, Economics.

CHOICE: For instance, we can measure with a near precision the average citizen's loss in freedom of choice as it relates to the fruits of his own labor. During the past twelve decades, by reason of governmental expansion, his freedom of choice has declined steadily from 95-98% to about 65% - and the trend grows apace. In other words, taxation, which once took only 2.5 % of earned income, now deprives us of about 35%." – Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.22. – Even worse, he is subjected to an avalanche of laws, regulations and bureaucratic institutions that are not his own individual choices. – JZ, 15.11.08. – Personal laws vs. Territorial laws! – Limited governments for those who want them for themselves – but also unlimited (but non-territorial) governments who are foolish enough to want them for themselves and non-governmental societies for those who do prefer them. – JZ, 8.11.10.

CHOICE: Free choice is a prerequisite for a working moral framework." - G. C. Roche III, THE FREEMAN, 7/73. – Thus territorial rule, even in form of an ideal “limited” government is contrary to morality and ethics. Limited governments, without a territorial monopoly – only for their adherents! Any other supposed ideal only for its volunteers! – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHOICE: Free choice to own, acquire, and dispose, to work or to rest, to invest, to trade, to move..." - Ray L. Colvard, THE FREEMAN, 1/73. – There are many more important individual rights and liberties. They should finally and optimally become declared together. – JZ, 15.11.08. – E.g., free individual choices between non-territorial governments and societies. – JZ, 8.11.10.

CHOICE: free choice was still the best system of trade." - Representative Johnson of Virginia, according to Murray N. Rothbard, The Panic of 1819, p. 178. – But all other systems as well, for those foolish enough to opt for them, for their own affairs! – JZ, 15.11.08. FREE TRADE, FREE EXCHANGE

CHOICE: Free services or freedom of choice." - Ralph Harris in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, "Right Turn", 17. – Alas, the panarchist choices are not discussed there, either. – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHOICE: Free services or freedom of choice? - Paradoxically, the more that socialistic governments (of any party - provide goods or services 'free' - that is, without charge at the time of use as with schools, universities, hospitals, public libraries, roads), the less freedom or responsibility consumers can have in spending their incomes (reduced by taxes to pay for them) directly on those services and so making the suppliers sensitive to their needs or preferences." - Ralph Harris, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Right Turn, p.17.

CHOICE: Freedom involves choice, not necessity, but means little if man is not free to choose - to choose good as well as evil." - Jack Markowitz, on J. Swift, in THE FREEMAN, 4/76. - PANARCHISM

CHOICE: Freedom is not an empty concept: nor is it a vague ideal. It is the choice for action." - Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., quoted in INDIAN LIBERTARIAN, 5/75. - Full freedom of action or freedom to experiment requires individual sovereignty and exterritorial autonomy for voluntary communities. - JZ, 30.9.02. - PANARCHISM

CHOICE: Freedom of choice requires a free-market economy where the value of goods is determined by the satisfactions they produce for willing traders in terms of other goods." - Admiral Ben Moreell, Log I, p. 106. – A fully free market requires also consumer sovereignty and free enterprise regarding all governmental and societal services, consistent voluntarism, personal laws and experimental freedom in that sphere. – JZ, 15.11.08. – PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW

CHOICE: get rid of our fashionable guilt complexes ... joining together to keep the choices we still have and to gain back the ones we've lost." - Ruth E. Hampton, THE FREEMAN, ­11/75.

CHOICE: Having choices makes a difference. People with options fare better than people with 'discipline'." - L. Neil Smith, The Probability Broach, 364. – Coercively disciplined people should be distinguished from self-disciplined ones. – JZ, 8.11.10. – OPTIONS, SELF-DISCIPLINE, IDEAL MILITIAS VS. ARMIES OF CONSCRIPTS.

CHOICE: I have gained knowledge and experience that is beyond you because you choose to be a slave. I will honor your choice, but you must also honor mine. – Kirsten Beyer, String Theory, Book 2, Fusion, Star Trek Voyager series. – Pocket Books, 2005, p.49. - KNOWLEDGE, EXPERIENCE

CHOICE: I once summed up in four words what I was trying to say about schools and classrooms: more choice, less fear." - John Holt, OUTLOOK, 1/73.

CHOICE: I regard the extension of the range of choice, that is, an increase in the range of effective alternatives open to people, as the principal objective and criterion of economic development." - Peter Bauer, quoted by Alan Turin shared Institute for Humane Studies's photo. – Facebook, 31.10.12. - FREEDOM, DEVELOPMENT, ECONOMICS, POLITICS, SOCIAL SYSTEMS

CHOICE: If a man does not keep pace with his companion, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. Let him step to the music he hears, however measured or far away. – Henry David Thoreau - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. - INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, TOLERANCE

CHOICE: If man is to continue his self-improvement, he must be free to exercise the powers of choice with which he has been endowed." - F. A. Harper, Liberty: A Path to its Recovery. – Didn’t he, too, wish to confine us to his supposed ideal of “limited” but territorial governments? – JZ, 8.11.10.

CHOICE: If people believe in un-coerced choice, the economic system will take care of itself." - John Chamberlain, on Leonard E. Read's Castles in the Air, THE FREEMAN, June 75. – Let them have free individual choice not only when it comes to economic systems but also among political and social systems, all exterritorially autonomous. Finally, the best ones will tend to be freely accepted most widely and then almost taken for granted, like presently, one of the worst system, the territorial one, is taken for granted. – JZ, 8.11.10. - HARMONIES, LAISSEZ FAIRE, NATURAL LAW, HUMAN RIGHTS, PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM

CHOICE: If we truly respect the unique individuality of our fellow-men, we should not presume to pay God by claiming to know what is best for them. Yet every avoidable extension of government coercion violates freedom of choice and must tend to diminish the significance of the individual, the family, and every form of voluntary endeavour." - Ralph Harris, The End of Government....", p. 38. – ONLY TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS MUST BE DONE AWAY WITH, NOT EXTERRITORIAL ONES OR PERSONAL LAW SOCIETIES OF VOLUNTEERS!

CHOICE: In things that concern me, I want to make my own choice, and I do not want another to make it for me without regard for my wishes; that is all." - Bastiat. – COOPERATIVES, PANARCHIES, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PERSONAL LAWS

CHOICE: Indeed, what moral virtue is possible if individuals are not free and responsible to choose between good and bad conduct?" - Ralph Harris, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Right Turn, p.25. – INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARY MEMBERSHIP IN ALL STATES & SOCIETIES. NO TERRITORIAL MONOPOLY AT ALL!

CHOICE: Individual choice rather than collective territorial decision-making for all. - JZ, 21.4.89. - In every sphere. That does not mean that anyone should be free to construct nuclear weapons or reactors in his backyard or store radioactive rubbish there, since that would infringe the basic choices of his near and distant fellow human beings. - JZ, 28.4.94.

CHOICE: It is contended here, then, that compulsory support of public education is (1) wrong in principle and (2) has actually impeded rather than hastened educational progress. If these contentions are correct, what measures should be taken? Further expansion of the public system should be opposed, and demands for increased revenue rejected. The most important issue, however, is restoration of freedom of choice." - Duncan Yuille, Freedom vs. Education. - Rather: Education in and through freedom! - JZ, 28.4.94. - EDUCATION, SCHOOLS

CHOICE: It is unfortunate that many people do not regard free choice in the economy as a fundamental right. Even more detrimental is that this choice may be limited by what is deemed to be 'in the public interest.’" - Dennis Bechara, THE FREEMAN, Oct. 77, p. 614. - It is even more unfortunate, since economic freedom could be realised in this way, for those who want it, that most of the economic freedom advocates do not consider "free choice for all governmental services" as a fundamental right. Thus they deprived themselves of most of their potential allies and of the most efficient framework for realising all kinds of reforms for all those who want them. - JZ, 28.4.94. - PANARCHISM

CHOICE: It's about time that we as people living in Australia have a choice." - John Singleton, 20.10.76. - However, he confined it to the choices offered by the libertarian Workers Party. - JZ - JZ – Even this libertarian party did not stand up of panarchism and full monetary freedom. – JZ 8.11.10.

CHOICE: It's human beings who have choice, and therefore have guilt." - Oriana Fallaci, A Man, 437. - She should have added: "and virtue". - JZ, 28.4.94. – Should we really neglect all the cases in which we do not have free choice as yet? – JZ, 15.11.07. – PANARCHISM, MONETARY FREEDOM, FREE MIGRATION, FREE TRADE, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY ON WAR & PEACE, ARMAMENT & DISARMAMENT & INTERNATIONAL TREATIES, RESPONSIBILITY

CHOICE: Let citizens be free "to buy the political institutions of their choice." - David Friedman, in: Laissez Faire in Population. – That may be as close to panarchism as he has come so far. – JZ, 15.11.08. – PANARCHISM, COMPETING GOVERNANCE, SOCIETIES & COMMUNITIES, VOLUNTARISM

CHOICE: Let the people choose." - Adam Smith. – Even individuals, in all spheres, even that of political, economic and social systems! – JZ, 15.11.08. - PANARCHISM

CHOICE: Let us employ every area of choice that we can, in the service of liberty." - Murray N. Rothbard, OUTLOOK, 4/72. - We should not be the servants of liberty, either, but only of ourselves and our own liberties, those of our families, friends and associates and of those with whom we strongly sympathise. - JZ, 28.4.94. - Let others have all the unfree systems that they like for themselves, as long as they can stand them. - JZ, 30.9.02. - PANARCHISM

CHOICE: Let us live by our choices and die as free men!” - Charles R. La Dow, THE FREEMAN, 3/74.

CHOICE: Life encompasses purpose and choice; a slave lacking free choice becomes less than human to the extent his choice is restricted; man enslaves other men to the extent that he, solely or collectively, INHIBITS a selection of alternatives; moral man ought not to coerce his fellows." - Ridgway K. Foley, Jr., THE FREEMAN, 9/74. - Territorial impositions are the largest enslavement practices. - JZ, 28.4.94. – PERSONAL LAWS, LEGISLATION, STATE, GOVERNMENT, PARLIAMENT, DEMOCRACY, SELF-GOVERNMENT, PANARCHY

CHOICE: Man must have the right of choice, even to choose wrong, if he shall ever learn to choose right. – Josiah Wedgwood in  – But always only at his own risk and expense, not that of other people, who do disagree with him. – Their right of choice must not be interfered by him. – JZ, 1.4.12.- LIBERTY, FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT IN EVERY SPHERE – AN ESSENTIAL PRECONDITION FOR SUFFICIENT ENLIGHTENMENT

CHOICE: Man must have the right to choice, even to choose wrong, if he shall ever learn to choose right." - Josiah C. Wedgwood, quoted The Free Man's Almanac. – The longer version: Man must have the right, even to choose wrong, if he shall ever learn to choose right. The child walks as we unwind the swaddling clothes; the building stands on its full beauty as we remove the scaffolding; lest by making more intricate the wrappings of law, more strong the rods of coercion, man himself remain feeble and imperfect." Compare: SECESSIONISM, INDIVIDUAL, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY & PANARCHISM, which can also be defined as "free and individual choice among governments and societies", without having to change one's residence or job (unless it's a job in the government one seceded from). - JZ, 28.4.94.

CHOICE: Man should be free to choose his own destiny in all enterprises. The sole justifiable limitation on this liberty rests in the injunction that no man shall use his powers to coerce or deny an equal freedom in all other human beings." - Ridgway K. Foley, Jr., THE FREEMAN, 11/73. – PERSONAL LAWS, VOLUNTARY MEMBERSHIP IN STATES & COMMUNITIES, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, FULL FREEDOM TO EXPERIMENT AT THE OWN RISK & EXPENSE

CHOICE: Mankind is at its best when it is most free. This will be clear if we grasp the principle of liberty. We must recall that the basic principle of liberty is freedom of choice, which saying many have on their lips but few in their minds.” - Dante Alighieri – Our free choices should include all those of sovereign individuals, and of exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers. – JZ, 23.1. 08. – FREEDOM, LIBERTY, PANARCHISM, POLYARCHISM, SECESSIONISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY

CHOICE: Men were endowed with free will, with the power of making choices, and were accountable for the choices they made." - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, 24. – So why do we still concede to territorial politicians all too many decision-making monopolies? – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHOICE: Minimal or no choices at all to governments, States, diplomats, leaders, rulers, politicians, bureaucrats and other meddlers and oppressors - over the fates of non-consenting victims but every chance for them to lord it over voluntary victims. - JZ, 28.4.94. - PANARCHISM

CHOICE: Most people wrongly presume that their own favourite bill of rights, constitution or system of laws would properly determine the rightful limits to freedom of choice - although these limits have barely been touched in most discussions of the subject. They are right, though, in wanting to limit their own freedom of choice to that extent and should be given that choice and opportunity - as a basic right. At the same time, they should be given no choice, opportunity, vote, right or power to similarly restrict the freedom of choice of other volunteer groups. The only common platform would have to be: To each the government - or the non-governmental society - of his or her choice. This implies only a few basic principles and practices, like voluntary membership and exterritorial autonomy and respect for those rights and liberties claimed by members of other communities for and among themselves, for which workable traditions have already been established, no matter how little they are reported in most history books. - JZ, 14.10.81, 28.4.94. - ON PANARCHY, Nos. 1- 24 in my PEACE PLANS series. - JZ - PANARCHISM

CHOICE: Multiply variety and choice. Don't put them to death! - Free version of saying by Utley/Uda: Vouchers for Education, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Down with the Poor, p.98. - DIVERSITY, UNIFORMITY, LEGISLATION

CHOICE: Nevertheless, I believe in choosing one's destiny.” - Poul Anderson, The Book of Poul Anderson, p. 79. – DESTINY, FATE, FUTURE, AIMS, PURPOSES

CHOICE: No man, however talented, possesses the innate or acquired ability to choose for others and to make demonstrably better choices." - Ridgway K. Foley, Jr., THE FREEMAN, 9/74. - Compare: "No man is good enough to rule another man without his consent." – LEADERSHIP, CONSENT, TERRITORIALISM

CHOICE: One of the most important free choices required is: who are going to be one's international enemies and friends? One should never let rulers and their diplomats or generals decide that question. - JZ, 11/81. - TREATIES, SEPARATE PEACE, ­DEMOCRACY, TERRITORIALISM, PANARCHISM. On the individual and group choice on whether there should be war, peace or neutrality, see under DECISION AND NEUTRALITY, as well as under REFERENDUM.

CHOICE: Only I should be privileged to make MY CHOICE." - Ridgway K. Foley, Jr., THE FREEMAN, 4/73. – Everybody should be free and has the right to make his own choice in all spheres regarding his own affairs. He does not belong to a country, its population or to a territorial government as his feudal lord. – JZ, 15.11.08. – PANARCHISM, POLYARCHY

CHOICE: People accustomed to get what they want for their money are more likely to insist on the same for their vote." - Henry C. Wallich, The Cost of Freedom. - Not when they are preconditioned against such choices in no-choice schools. Very choosy customers are often "on principle" against individual choice in many spheres. Most people are not automatically consistent and, in some cases, even favour a regulation of their own choices! - JZ, 23.4.89. - VOTING

CHOICE: personality develops best (as a general rule) when citizens are left as much choice as possible in determine how they should live their lives." - David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, p.17. – The voluntary and exterritorial autonomy or personal law or panarchist or polyarchist options should be included, rather than thoughtlessly ignored or wilfully excluded! – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHOICE: Persons who believe in liberty will uphold the right of the individual to make wrong choices, not because he agrees with the wrong choices, but only because in this way can the individual become a moral and self-controlling person. Only in this way can he learn to govern himself." - Robert LeFevre, March 30, 1961, quoted in Watner, LeFevre, p.165. - Mistakes, Errors, Wrongs, PANARCHISM, PERSONAL LAW, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY

CHOICE: Socialism Leaves Little Choice." - L. E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.107. – Voluntary or cooperative socialism would leave all others to their own choices. – JZ, 15.11.08. – Any kind of territorial statism, regardless of the rest of its ideology, leaves dissenting individuals and minorities all too little choice. – JZ, 8.11.10. - PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, PERSONAL LAW

CHOICE: That which is outside the possibility of choice is outside the province of morality." - Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged, p.951. – The territorial monopoly of present governments is an artificial construct. We can and must get rid of it again and be it only to eliminate nuclear targets. – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHOICE: The character, manner and quantity of production is determined either by those affected by it, that is, by those whose needs are met by this production, or it is determined by other agencies." - Roepke, quoted in Admiral Ben Moreell's Log I, p.149.

CHOICE: the choice is really between freedom unlimited and totalitarianism." - Russell Lewis, Freedom of Speech and Publication, in K. W. Watkins, In Defence of Freedom, 85. - I would add: "or any other choice which panarchists make for themselves." - JZ, 7.4.91.

CHOICE: The choice, of course, remains yours, and I would not dream of making it for you." - George R. R. Martin, Second Helpings, ANALOG 11/85, p. 91. - I am still afraid of ordering all back issues of ASTOUNDING & ANALOG on microfiche - since that would tempt me to read them all - and I cannot afford the time for this. - JZ, 28.4.94. – Alas, territorialism still outlaws some of our most important choices, which ought to be quite free for ourselves and like-minded people, however few we may presently still be. – JZ, 8.11.10.

CHOICE: The distresses of choice are our chance to be blessed." - W. H. Auden, Shiprecords, quoted in Frank Herbert, The Lazarus Effect, P.236. - Compare the book title: Decidophobia. - By Kaufman.

CHOICE: The emphasis is on the provision of income which permits choice rather than the imposition of uniform services for everyone which precludes choice." - Malcolm Fraser, THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD, 26.9. 75 (or 76?). - However, as Australian Prime Minister he did not leave us many choices, either, although he was and perhaps still is a fan of Ayn Rand. - JZ, 28.4.94.

CHOICE: The fact is that our present political system offers choice, but not FREE CHOICE. The two are only vaguely related. A prisoner who is told by his captors that he has the right to die either by shooting or by hanging is given a choice. If he were given a FREE CHOICE, however, you can be sure that he would choose a third alternative not presently available to him." – Robert Ringer, Restoring the American Dream, p.63/64. – Does Ringer in any of his writings explore exterritorial autonomy choices for individuals? – JZ, 8.11.10.

CHOICE: the freedom to make choices is the SINE QUA NON of morality, ..." - Jerome Tuccille, Who's Afraid of 1984?, p. 148.

CHOICE: The goal is for individuals to freely choose the risks, rewards, rights and responsibilities of personal liberty and economic freedom." - Stormy Mon, A Liberty Book, II. – I remember, alas, no clear expression of his in favour of exterritorial autonomy for volunteers. – There are still too many inconsistent libertarians and anarchists. – JZ, 8.11.10.

CHOICE: The hallmark of a self-governing society is free choice. When free choice is 'reasoned' into a secondary position and replaced with little or no choice, what is left is a system of slavery. We end up discussing the degree of slavery we will tolerate, rather than whether we will be free or unfree." - Sy Leon, None of the Above, p.120.

CHOICE: The instrument of our self-control is choice. The choices we make fulfil our purposes in life. We choose our course continuously according to our unique circumstances, with every moment a new beginning. This page of this book will turn only if you CHOOSE to turn it. That's so even if you contrarily believe, as many profess to, that men are but helpless pawns shaped by their environment. The truth is rather that we shape our environment to make it congenial to our purposes." - Roger McBride, A New Dawn for America, p.3. – As if there were no territorial governments which have monopolized all too many decision-making spheres, e.g. by central banking. – JZ, 15.11.08. - FREE WILL, DETERMINISM, FATE, ENVIRONMENT

CHOICE: the issue is not materialism or any other kind of philosophy, but whether human beings should have the right to choose for themselves, without state coercion of any kind, (*) the philosophy under which to live. For me freedom comes first, the freedom of intelligent rational choice for individuals, maximised as much as possible. It is for this that I am prepared to die if necessary rather than for any set of economic arrangements." - Sidney Hook, in REASON 5/77. - (*) Including territorialism!– If one could take them literally at their words, then many people were already or are panarchists, without being clearly aware of this for they did not yet draw the last conclusions from their own statements. – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHOICE: The market offers a real choice." - Skye d'Aureous, LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 5.8.73. – If really free then it would also offer a free choice between all kinds of non-territorial governments, societies and communities – to individuals, all volunteers only, under personal laws and without any territorial monopoly. – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHOICE: the maximisation of national wealth can best be achieved by leaving men free in their economic choices, and that all other systems which aim at this end by other means are self-defeating. ... The law should let people judge of their own interests. .... laws which are violations of natural liberty are unjust ... such acts (are) tantamount to sacrificing ordinary laws of justice to an idea of public utility, to a social reason of State; ...'" - Ellen Frankel Paul, on Adam Smith, JLS, Fall 77, p.295.

CHOICE: The morality of choice means that man must assume responsibility for all of the effects rationally generated by his choices." - Ridgway K. Foley, THE FREEMAN, 4/74.

CHOICE: The more choices we have, the better.” - F. M. Busby, Rebel's Seed, p.49. - Not necessarily! For the just and rational man there is often only one choice and that is the best one. However, for those who cannot as yet think rationally and morally, the more choices they have to learn - at their expense and risk, the better for them and for all others. - JZ, 8.7.01 & 22.1.02.

CHOICE: The progress of society, like that of the individual, depends, ultimately, on choice." - L. T. Hobhouse, Liberalism, p.136/7.

CHOICE: The question is whether government promotes progress by robbing individuals of their right to choose. This right of free choice is being taken away by those who believe in an all-powerful government." - Earl McMunn, THE FREEMAN, 3/78, reprinting from THE OHIO FARMER, Dec. 77.


CHOICE: The theology of Christianity stipulates that a man can choose between good and evil and that such choice is necessary for his moral salvation." - Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Right Turn, p.8/9. – How many Christians have every advocated free individual choice between all kinds of governments, societies and communities, none of them with a territorial monopoly? – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHOICE: There are as many preferences as there are men." - Horace, Satires, 35-30 B.C.

CHOICE: There can be no truly moral choice unless that choice is made in freedom; similarly, there can be no really firmly grounded and consistent defense of freedom unless that defense is rooted in moral principle. In concentrating on the ends of choice, the conservative, by neglecting the conditions of choice, loses that very morality of conduct with which he is so concerned. Murray Rothbard in - FREEDOM, MORALITY, CONSERVATISM

CHOICE: There is never a better measure of what a person is than what he does when he's absolutely free to choose." — William M. Bulger -  FREE CHOICE, PERSONALITIES:

CHOICE: There was no reason why unnecessary restrictions on choice should be added to all the other problems disadvantaged people suffered, nor why the choice of everyone should be restricted by ill-conceived efforts to provide assistance, ..." - Malcolm Fraser, THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD 26.9. 75 (or 76?). – Most of the errors, wrong premises and conclusions are embodied in the hypothesis and practice of territorialism, like here, the implied and supposedly necessary restrictions of choice. – According to him, a former Australian prime minister, there should be only one federal government and one Prime Minister of it, for all Australians. – This in spite of the fact that elections in Australian are often close to 50% for the Liberal Party candidates and 50% for the Labor Party ones. – To my knowledge he did not even make a single statement at least for biarchism. – If he had, he might be still ruling as a Liberal Prime Minister for all the Liberals in Australia. - JZ, 8.11.10.

CHOICE: To the extent that he lacks this choice, he loses his essential humanity and remains in the chains of slavery." - Ridgway K. Foley.

CHOICE: To the extent that one person forecloses the choice between alternatives available to another, he dominates the latter and denies him his essential humanity." - Ridgway K. Foley, Jr., THE FREEMAN, 3/77.

CHOICE: Today the issue, as I see it, is not between capitalism or socialism. Rather, it is freedom to choose whether to live under one or the other, or more accurately, to have more or less of one or the other." - Sidney Hook in REASON 5/77. - Or neither, if one wants neither! – Or any other choice that one wants to make for oneself – together with like-minded people, or alone, if one can! - JZ, 15.11.08.

CHOICE: Totalitarian excesses emphasise that freedom is indivisible and that an open market, which gives the individual optimum free choice, is an essential ingredient in the all-around adventure in human liberty." - M. S. Rukeyser, THE FREEMAN, 1/76, p. 35. – All forms of territorialism are already a basic kind of totalitarianism. – JZ, 11.8.10.

CHOICE: True conservationists and environmentalists, genuinely concerned with conservation of human values, improving the environment and the quality of life, are aware that although they propose changes, these changes should never be obtained at the risk of destroying the greatest quality already achieved by men living in a free society. This is the acknowledgement of the right of every rational individual to live the life of his own choice. To go about his life and his business and affairs in his own way without interfering with or placing demands upon others." - John Curvers, THE LIBERTARIAN NEWSLETTER, No. 2, 1976. - LIBERTY, RIGHTS, INTERFERENCE, COERCION, COMPULSION, VIOLENCE, FORCE, FREEDOM, RIGHTS, SELF-OWNERSHIP, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY, PANARCHISM

CHOICE: We can face the crossroads again. We can re-choose." - M. Ferguson, The Aquarian Conspiracy, p.459. – Alas, we are not yet sufficiently free to choose. – JZ, 8.11.10.

CHOICE: We Conservatives do not accept that because some people have no choice, no one should have it." - Mrs. Margaret Thatcher, 1975. – As if there could be only the different choices that rich and poor people have for themselves. Full experimental freedom also for the poor would open many paths towards riches even for them. Under that freedom the riches based upon legalized monopolies would be diminished with the abolition of these monopolies. – JZ, 8.11.10.

CHOICE: We must spread the gospel that there is no gospel to spare us the pain of choosing at every step.” – Justice Cardozo, in the 1920’s, quoted by Philip K. Howard, The Death of Common Sense, How the Law Is Suffocating America, Warner books, 1994, p.186. – As if we could already freely choose our personal law system and our panarchy, together with like-minded volunteers. To many judges are without sufficient judgment and think only in terms of the limited choices for individuals under territorialism. – Full consumer sovereignty and also full free enterprise and other forms of associationism in every sphere. Naturally, also free choice between various jurisdiction system. In this way and at least indirectly every judge would become an elected one – through the voluntary membership in the society in which he is a judge. - JZ, 11.8.10. - PANARCHISM

CHOICE: We should be free to make our major choices ourselves, individually or via volunteer groups, instead of delegating them to political parties, in package deals that cannot fully satisfy anyone. – JZ, 30.6.87, 10.8.87.  – Any party’s rule can be rightful only for its part of the population. – JZ, 23.3.12, 6.2.13. – PARTIES, VOLUNTARISM, GENUINE SELF-GOVERNANCE OR SELF-DETERMINATION

CHOICE: We should be proud of our choices and willing to live with their consequences." - Ridgway K. Foley, Jr., THE FREEMAN, 9/74.

CHOICE: We will probably never agree on priorities, for we do not necessarily want the same things. This is precisely the reason we need to have alternatives available to us, not a reason to eliminate choice." - Abby Goldsmith in SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 3/75. – EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY CHOICES, PANARCHISM

CHOICE: What is freedom? Freedom is the right to choose: the right to create for oneself the alternatives of choice. Without the possibility of choice and the exercise of choice, a man is not a man but a member, an instrument, a thing." - Archibald McLeish: A Declaration of Freedom, in Seldes: The Great Quotations. ( One of the best quotations books that I have found so far, although it was compiled by a socialist! - JZ, 30.9.02. )

CHOICE: What is totalitarianism, dictatorship, but government controls and regulations replacing individual freedoms of choice?" - J. Kesner Kahn.

CHOICE: What man wants is simply independent choice, whatever that independence may cost and wherever it may lead." - Dostoevsky, Notes from Underground, 1864. – In as general terms, all too general, even Dostoevsky was a panarchist. – JZ, 11.8.10.

CHOICE: whatever does not spring from a man's free choice... does not enter into his very being, but remains alien to his true nature; he does not perform it with truly human energies, but merely with mechanical exactness." - W. v. Humboldt, quoted by Noam Chomsky, Notes on Anarchism. One might add: "if that." – Only exterritorial autonomy for all people can release all creative energies. – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHOICE: When discrimination is not allowed according to one's wisdom and conscience, both discrimination and conscience will atrophy in the same manner as an unused muscle.(*) Since man was given these faculties, it necessarily follows that he should use them and be personally responsible for the consequences of his choices. He must be free to either enjoy or endure the consequences of each decision, because the lesson it teaches is the sole purpose of experience - the best of all teachers." - F. A. Harper, in The Free Man's Almanac. (*) - Here may be the danger in the all too incomplete, pre-digested, prejudiced and rapid fire pap that we are exposed to especially by TV and radio broadcasts. If one had the time, energy and opportunity to tape them and then discuss them with others, some counter-action that would be enlightening, would occur. But that would also require more patient and interested participants than are usually available. - JZ, 28.4.94. – Did Harper, a great thinker and writer in many respects, ever apply this thought to personal law associations, exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers? Or was he also such a victim of territorialism? - JZ, 8.11.10.

CHOICE: When is a choice not a choice? When you cannot say 'No.'"- Sy Leon, None of the Above, 33. - VOTING, CONSENT, REPRESENTATION, REFERENDUM, SECESSION, PANARCHISM

CHOICE: When millions of people are free to act creatively as they choose, an unimaginable wisdom is the consequence." - Read, THE FREEMAN, 1/75. - However, although e.g. libertarians and anarchists are free to reproduce all their writings permanently and cheaply and completely on microfiche, on discs or online, at least so far, they have still chosen not to do so, which does not reveal much wisdom or realism. - They have not even compiled all "Slogans for Liberty" as yet, as handy tools for their struggle. Nor have they compiled all freedom ideas, bibliographies, abstracts, indexes and addresses of those freedom lovers who want their addresses publicised. - Few of our remaining liberties are fully used, by choice, to realize all the rest. Very unwise, but it does happen. Thus one should possibly rather say: "could be the consequence - if and to the extent that they acted within their remaining liberties." - JZ, 28.4.94. – The only panarchist freedom that Read supported, to my knowledge, was monetary freedom, in very general terms. – JZ, 8.11.10.

CHOICE: When the choices are too limited one does not really live any longer. - JZ, 15.8.76. - That is not life. Then one does not risk life but can only gain it. Then you have nothing to loose but your chains. - JZ – I mean a fully free life, in accordance with your own ideals, as far as they are pratically and tolerant of all others, doing their own things to themselves. – JZ, 8.11.10.

CHOICE: When you are ready for it, the system you should have is: you choosing for yourself. At the end of each day, consider that anarchy worked every time you made a choice without being supervised, without being told what to do. For billions of people, that's many choices every day. - Jim Davidson - Facebook, 11.7.12.

CHOICE: Wrong is wrong only when you are at liberty to choose." - Sir Rabindranath Tagore. – Did Tagore ever state how far liberty to choose could and should go? Naturally when you are subjected to extreme pressures and threats you are no longer fully responsible for your actions – but the persons or the institutions which make you act immorally are responsible for them. Territorialism enforces numerous wrongful actions. Under panarchism, when people know of wrongful actions towards involuntary victims in their panarchy or in other panarchies and do neither protest nor resist them nor secede from such a panarchy, could they, too, be held at least somewhat responsible for these wrongful actions. – JZ, 11.8.10.

CHOICE: you can choose to help, you can hinder, or you can wash your hands of it all." - Alexander Solzhenitsyn, August 1914, p. 631.

CHOICE: You can't think for 8 million people." - Roy Millikin, commenting on the Australian elections, 9.12.75. - Nevertheless, politicians who can't even think sufficiently for themselves or their family or friends, brashly pretend they can think for a whole nation, defining its ends and prescribing its means. - JZ, 28.4.94. - LEADERSHIP, POLITICIANS, GOVERNMENT, STATE, RULERS, TERRITORIALISM

CHOICE: You don't have to reconstruct the social order; you don't have to overpower the villains; you don't have to re-educate the world; you don't need a miracle. All you have to do is to use your sovereign power of choice to release yourself from those who would keep you in bondage. The opportunity has always been there. You just haven't taken advantage of it. ... Freedom is living your life as you want to live it." – Harry Brown, How I Found Freedom in an Unfree World, p.168. - To me this seems to indicate that he rarely ever wanted anything that was legally "verboten" (prohibited) and effectively suppressed. - Naturally, under almost any system some can become rich and buy themselves some personal liberties. But they still live in an un-free world, insecure and subject to e.g. the nuclear holocaust. He was unable to point out any country in which e.g. individual secession is permitted and monetary freedom, too, and where voluntary taxation is realised. - JZ, 28.4.94.

CHOICE: You have freedom of choice but not freedom from choice." - Wendell Jones, in READER’S DIGEST 1/79,p.154. - How much real freedom of choice do we have today and how much is wrongfully and forcefully denied to us? And if we choose to deprive ourselves of freedom of choice, by delegating it to others, then we should even be free to choose that condition - as long as we can stand it. - JZ, 5.6.80, 28.4.94. - PANARCHISM.

CHOICE: You leave me no choice" - is a common expression in reaction to an all too common policy. The solution is simple: Leave maximum choice for people and they won't clash as often or disastrously. - JZ, 24.4.82. - PANARCHISM

CHOICE: You pay your money and you take your choice." - Common saying. - It should become so in every sphere. - JZ, 28.4.94.

CHOICE: You say that I would do better to follow a given career, to work in a given way, to use steel plough instead of a wooden one, to sow sparsely rather than thickly, to buy from the East rather than from the West. I maintain the contrary. I have made my calculations; after all, I am more vitally concerned than you in not making a mistake in matters that will decide my own well-being, the happiness of my family, matters that concern you only as they touch your vanity or your systems. Advise me, but do not force your opinions on me. I shall decide at my PERIL AND RISK; that is enough, and for the law to interfere would be tyranny." – Frederic Bastiat, quoted by G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p. 243. - FREE ENTERPRISE, LAISSEZ FAIRE, COMPETITION, PLANNING, PANARCHISM


CHRIST: Believing in resurrection and eternal life, Christ's "sacrifice" wasn't really a sacrifice - apart from the short labour and pain involved. Had he died from old age, he would probably have suffered harder labours and more pains and, presumably, would have had less joys than "in heaven". So, why make all that much fuss about his selfish choice and interpret it wrongly? - JZ, 25.5.86.

CHRIST: I wonder how many illegitimate children J. C. had. I doubt that he was an ascetic or a homosexual or impotent. He was at the height of his manhood when he was murdered, popular and surrounded by many women for years, by women, who loved him, religiously or otherwise. Compare the sexual promiscuity of the leaders of many sects and that of pop singers and pop actors. He was human after all. If his bones are ever found and genetically analyzed, then the spread of his genes could be found out. Naturally, the Bible and the churches and sects kept silent about this aspect of his life. Even that he had siblings is rarely mentioned by them. Usually he is reported as the only child. – JZ, 7.9.07. - CHRISTIANITY & THE BIBLE

CHRIST: If Christ, in fact, said 'I came not to bring peace but a sword', it is the only prophecy in the New Testament that has been literally fulfilled." - Robert Ingersoll, Some Reasons Why. - BIBLE

CHRIST: If He came to earth today, He would never forgive us, in all His celestial beatitude, for the unspeakable atrocities perpetrated on His kin and the kin of His mother and His faithful believers. All the paternosters and all the hymns of all fifty-thousand saints and all fifty thousand theologians and all the genuflecting of a billion Christian knees, those alive today and those interred since the night of the catacombs, could not wear away the Jewish blood that is on Christian hands." - D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought, p.16. - Has it never occurred to him that most Jews were murdered in execution of the " principle" of collective responsibility, that this "principle" is all too much applied "by God!" in the Old Testament, too, and that he does here apply the same principle to all Christians, even many generations after some of these mass murders were committed and sometimes centuries after the murderers had died or were executed ( in rare cases )? And how, in his thoughts, could he altogether manage to overlook that Christians have probably murdered more Muslims than they murdered Jews and that they murdered more Christians than Jews and Muslims, Red Indians and Negroes combined? This is one of the most narrow-minded thoughts that I have found in the thought compilations of D. Runes. - The notion that moral guilt could be inherited is one of the most abominable ones and all too many Christians and Jews and other believers and ideologues are guilty of it. Its modern expression is the bomb, in all its forms. - JZ, 28.4.94. – COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY

CHRIST: If His followers had been won by the point of a sentence instead of a sword, Europe's history were less sanguinary." – Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought.

CHRIST: Jesus died too soon. He would have repudiated his doctrine if he had lived to my age." - F. W. Nietzsche, Thus Spake Zarathustra, xxi, 1885.

CHRIST: Jesus may have risen, but His followers stayed down." - Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought.

CHRIST: Jesus saves" – “Save yourself. Jesus is tired.” - Source? - And who gets the interest on his savings? - JZ, 10.5.89.

CHRIST: The day will come when the mystical generation of Jesus by the Supreme Being will be classed with the fable of the generation of Minerva in the brain of Jupiter." - Thomas Jefferson, Letter to Peter Carr, 1787.

CHRIST: The greatest number of books have been written about one whom we know the least: Jesus Christ." – Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought & in: A Book of Contemplation, 18.

CHRIST: the sacrifice of the innocent for the sins of the guilty! What horrifying heathenism!” - Friedrich Nietzsche. - This is a part of the Christian doctrine and the Christian practice. The "principle" of collective responsibility is mostly even applied automatically, unthinkingly, unconsciously, as if it were quite self-evident and beyond any doubt and discussions, not only by Christians, mind you. E.g., all those taxed by a government are "judged" equally guilty for the crimes of that government, enough to wipe them out, with mass murder devices or methods. - JZ, 28.4.94. - Soon the subjects and victims of Saddam Hussein may be held "responsible" for his crimes, just because they live in the territory, Iraq, now misruled by him. - JZ, 30.9.02. – COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY

CHRIST: There was a God before Jesus." – Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought. - Christians especially should not try to monopolise "God" or act as if they had discovered such a supposed being. - JZ, 26.7.92. - See: God.

CHRISTIANITY: A thing is not necessarily true because a man dies for it.” - Oscar Wilde – Even when he claimed to have been the son of a God. – Some even claim that he survived and died in obscurity. – Was his “rising into heaven” reported by a reliable witness? - JZ, 8.8.08.

CHRISTIANITY: And to the supposedly chosen few among us, who consider themselves to be Christians, I can only say that it is high time to eliminate from their supposedly “holy” book those passages that attempt to “justify” mass murders as commands from God or report acts as “justified” under the “principle” of collective responsibility, and to stress, instead, those that uphold individual responsibility. The same applies to many other flaws in this “guide” to morality, namely e.g. obedience to authority, as if all authorities had been installed by God. They should remember that their God also and intentionally, according to the Bible, sent some false prophets and tempted Abraham to sacrifice his son Isaac. And that he let his supposed only son be sacrificed on the cross to thereby, somewhat mysteriously, take all the sins of man upon his shoulders. Jefferson tried to purify the bible from much of its ancient dross of legends and immorality. Will much or enough that is moral and rational remain, when all its flaws are removed? I believe that it would then become reduced to a rather slim booklet. – JZ, 21.9.08. - BIBLE, FAITH, RELIGION, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY

CHRISTIANITY: As with the Christian religion, the worst advertisement for Socialism is its adherents.” - George Orwell, "The Road to Wigan Pier", ch. 11 (1937) - RELIGION, STATE SOCIALISM, CHRISTIANS

CHRISTIANITY: Children usually loose their childish superstitions but Christians retain theirs and at most rationalise them. - JZ 23.4.80.

CHRISTIANITY: Christ preached the greatness of man: We preach the greatness of Christ. The first is affirmative; the last negative." - Emerson, Journals, 1867.

CHRISTIANITY: Christ rode an ass, but now asses ride on Christ." - Heinrich Heine, quoted by Ingersoll in: The Devil.

CHRISTIANITY: Christianity began as a creed for which men died gladly. It married the state and became the right arm of oppression and conquest. “Civilize with syphilis, Bibles and whips!” - Eric Lambert, Glory Thrown In, 43.

CHRISTIANITY: Christianity has during its existence failed to abolish a single abuse. Instead, it has doubled them." - Proudhon, 1853. quoted in LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, No. 4. – Another version or translation: Christianity, by being continued as an institution, has not abolished a single abuse. It has rather doubled their number." - Proudhon, 1853.

CHRISTIANITY: Christianity is not in accordance with the cultivated mind; it can only be accepted by suppressing doubts, and by denouncing inquiry as sinful. It is therefore a superstition, and ought to be destroyed." - W. Winwood Reade, The Martyrdom of Man, III, 1872.

CHRISTIANITY: Christianity is precisely the religion par excellence, because it exhibits and manifests, to the fullest extent, the very nature and essence of every religious system, which is THE IMPOVERISHMENT, ENSLAVEMENT, AND ANNIHILATION OF HUMANITY FOR THE BENEFIT OF DIVINITY." - Bakunin, God and the State. - One should rather say: For the benefit of those who pretend to represent divinity. - JZ 27.2.85.

CHRISTIANITY: Christianity is the sacrifice of the ideal to the non-ideal." Ayn Rand, PLAYBOY interview, March 1964.

CHRISTIANITY: Christianity might be a good thing if anyone ever tried it." - G. B. Shaw. - JOKES

CHRISTIANITY: Christianity was the most powerful weapon rulers had ever found for keeping the people meek, docile, humble, subservient, asking nothing, expecting nothing, fearing even that if they asked for their rights here on Earth, they might be denied them in Heaven. This was the reason the ancient rulers had shrewdly adopted it as a state policy; this was the reason the modern industrialist enforced it upon his employees (did they? - JZ), and saw to it that the ministers in his factory towns kept the workers humble, docile, and afraid." (*) - Mark Clifton, When They Come From Space, 109. - (*) Unions have probably been more effective in keeping them in a subordinate position, as employees, than churches have been. Even now few unionists are fully and consistently in favour of self-management. - JZ, 27.2.85.

CHRISTIANITY: Christians and camels receive their burdens kneeling." - Ambrose Bierce, The Devil's Dictionary.

CHRISTIANITY: Christians: After almost 2000 years they still act as if Jesus had been the only or best teacher mankind ever had. - JZ, 30.8.81. - And they are proud of their ignorance. - JZ, 27.2.85. – Obviously, they have not learnt anything from the many great minds that lived since that official murder, so long ago. – JZ, 15.11.08. – IGNORANCE, BIBLE, ONE-BOOK PEOPLE, WHOLE BOOKS

CHRISTIANITY: Did it ever occur to you that if God wrote the Old Testament and told the Jews to crucify or kill anybody that disagreed with them on religion, and that this God afterward took upon himself flesh and came to Jerusalem, and taught a different religion, and the Jews killed him - did it ever occur to you that he reaped exactly what he had sown? - Robert Ingersoll, Orthodoxy.

CHRISTIANITY: Did you realize that Christianity has already failed for 2,000 years but Communism only for 100 years? - Sponti-Spezial. - Actually, Communism is probably older than Christianity and its failures have been repeated over and over for much longer. It, rather than "love your enemies", is the original sin. – JZ 17.6.92. - Moreover, Christianity just provides sectarian deviations from the communism of primitive herds and tribes of men. - JZ, 28.4.94. – Ulrich von Beckerath, 1882-1969, often called communism the original and main “sin” of mankind. – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHRISTIANITY: Faith, hope, charity & love"? - Knowledge, foresight, credit, free banking, self-respect and justice are better choices in my eyes. - JZ, 6.12.76.

CHRISTIANITY: For two thousand years Christianity has been telling us: Life is Death, Death is Life; - it is high time to consult the dictionary." - Remy de Gourmont, 1858-1915.

CHRISTIANITY: from the year 1500 B.C. to A.D. 1860 more than 8,000 treaties of peace, which were meant to remain in force forever, were concluded. The average time they remained in force was two years.” – G. Valbert, “REVUE DES DEUX MONDES”, April 1894, p.692. – Having these facts in view, the Honorable George Peel, in his “The Future of England”, p. 169, said that for fifteen centuries, since the full adoption of Christianity by the continent of Europe, peace has been preached, and for these fifteen centuries the history of Europe has been nothing but “a tale of blood and slaughter.” - Pitirim A. Sorokin, Contemporary Sociological Theories Through the First Quarter of the Twentieth Century, Harper Torchbooks, 1928, in footnotes, p. 325. – WAR, PEACE, TREATIES, TERRITORIALISM

CHRISTIANITY: Geithner: "We Write 80 Million Checks A Month" - - The "thinking" of all too many Christians - and others - is, alas, confined to charity options, as if there were no self-help, liberation, insurance and credit options at all and as if all these could not be maximized. – Where and when was the "invisible hand" ever QUITE free to operate? Check your premises rather than reiterate your false assumptions. - Nevertheless, even they should get the freedom to practise their lies, errors, spleens, dogmas, prejudices etc. among themselves, at their own risk and expense, under full exterritorial autonomy. In the long run this would be effective in shutting them up. - Under full experimental freedom at least SOME leftists would also be able to prove whatever truths they do also possess by their own experiments. I would expect much from e.g. various self-management experiments. Agreed! But then most social science comments are still full of foolishness, errors, prejudices and lies. Libertarians have never bothered to try to collect them all and refute them, their tens- to hundreds of thousands, in a digitized encyclopedia. - JZ, 2.8.11, on Facebook. - CHARITY NOTIONS

CHRISTIANITY: God is intellectually superfluous ... emotionally dispensable ... and morally intolerable." - Antony Flew: God & Philosophy. - GOD

CHRISTIANITY: God prefers kind atheists over hateful Christians. – Tom Tate, Pastor, Ph. 281-1229, Rose City Park, United Methodist Church. – Notice by Paul Jacob commented on a link. sharing Evan Ravitz shared Being Liberal's photo. – Facebook, 1.4.12. - ATHEISM, HATE & KINDNESS

CHRISTIANITY: He gave his only son!" - A God believing in human sacrifice - or even in sacrificing the holy or divine! But if space and time do not mean a thing to a God - and that part of him which has been declared to have been his offspring - and if he has superhuman powers of endurance, which his offspring, presumably, would have inherited as well, then how much of a "sacrifice" was involved, anyhow? - JZ, 17. 9. 88, 28.4.94. – SACRIFICES

CHRISTIANITY: I believe we live in a Christian country - for most people believe that ignorance and prejudice is bliss. - JZ 7.12.73, 8.11.10.

CHRISTIANITY: I call Christianity the one great curse, the one enormous and innermost perversion, the one great instinct of revenge ... I call it the one immortal blemish of mankind." - Nietzsche, quoted in C. Bingham, Men & Affairs, p. 223.

CHRISTIANITY: I do not find in Christianity one redeeming feature... Religions are all alike founded upon fables & mythology." - I do not find in orthodox Christianity one redeeming feature." - Thomas Jefferson. - Alas, in his own selection, the Jefferson Bible, which I recently filmed, because he compiled it, he still accepted all too many fables and myths. - JZ, 28.4.94. - But he believed enough in the little of what we know of Jesus Christ’s teachings, to compile his own kind of condensed New Testament Bible. – JZ, 5.1.08. - CHRISTIAN CHURCHES, JESUS CHRIST & THE BIBLE

CHRISTIANITY: I don’t need to be threatened with HELL to be moral. - Michael Shanklin shared Joy Love's photo. – Facebook, 6.4.12. – MORALITY, ETHICS, KNOWLEDGE & RESPECT FOR INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

CHRISTIANITY: I was brought up a Christian ... spelt KILLJOY..." - John Brunner, The Stone that Never Came Down, p.203.

CHRISTIANITY: I would say that I am also a Christian because I consider Christ to have been an Enlightened One who saw His own divinity and told us the Kingdom of God is within us ... as Alan Watts said, Christ did not become the great man He was by accepting someone else as His savior." - THE DIAGONAL RELATIONSHIP, No. 2, p. 28. – His supposedly all-powerful and all-loving father did not save his supposed son from a painful death at the cross. And how many other atrocities has He not prevented? – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHRISTIANITY: I'm a Christian. And our framework is the whole Judeo-Christian tradition, even for those who happen to be atheists or whatever: Thou Shalt Not Murder, Thou Shalt Not Steal, Thou Shalt Not Enslave, Thou Shalt Not Assault, etc. The whole point is that no one has the right to harm others (except in self-defence); the whole list of issues are based on moral,  not economic questions..." - SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, April 1979, Page 3, quoted in Heretic's Journal.

CHRISTIANITY: I’m going to create man and woman with original sin. Then I’m going to impregnate a woman with myself as her child, so that I can be born. Once alive, I will kill myself as a sacrifice to myself. To save you from the sin I originally condemned you to. - Donald Meinshausen shared Josey Wales's photo. – If there is a different or Christian interpretation of this please enlighten us. – Facebook, 16.7.12.

CHRISTIANITY: If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and even his own life, he cannot be my disciple.” - Jesus of Nazareth, quoted in Luke 14:26, explaining the level of hatred necessary to be one of his disciples. - JESUS CHRIST, HATRED

CHRISTIANITY: In practice, most nominal Christians are businessmen, professional men or workers who drive a hard bargain, look out for their own, regard the poor as shiftless and undeserving, and stay as far away from prisons, slums and charity hospitals as they can." - Everett Reimer, School is Dead, p. 45.

CHRISTIANITY: It is Christianity that is perverted, obscene, immoral, evil, not you." - Zarlenga, The Orator, p.42.

CHRISTIANITY: Kill them all. God will easily recognise his own." - Arnold Amalric, Advice to crusaders at the Beziers massacre during the extermination of the Albigensian Heretics. – A “Christian” excuse for mass murder! – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHRISTIANITY: Luther, this disastrous monk, had reconstructed the Church and, what was worse a thousand-fold, Christianity, in the very moment when it was going under...." - Nietzsche, Ecco homo, Der Fall Wagner, p.2.

CHRISTIANITY: Millions of innocent men, women and children since the introduction of Christianity, have been burned, tortured, fined and imprisoned, yet we have not advanced one inch toward uniformity. What has been the effect of coercion? To make one-half the world fools and the other half hypocrites. To support roguery and error all over the earth." - Thomas Jefferson.

CHRISTIANITY: Name a weapon of modern war that wasn't invented and first used by a Christian country!" - John Brunner, The Stone that Never Came Down, p.15.

CHRISTIANITY: Neither antiquity nor any other sect of the present day has imagined a more atrocious and blasphemous absurdity than that of eating God. It is a most revolting dogma, insulting to the Supreme Being, the height of madness and folly. - Frederick the Great - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. - & GOD

CHRISTIANITY: Nietzsche was particularly puzzled how the slave morality, as he called it, of Christianity attracted so many sincere followers. - He called it a slave mentality because most of its virtues - poverty, chastity, obedience, humility, and soon - seemed to him to be the conditions to which slaves were condemned rather than the aspirations of free people." - Prof. L. Chipman, SUN HERALD, 25.6.86.

CHRISTIANITY: No nations are more warlike than those which profess Christianity." - Pierre Bayle, Penses sur la Comete, 1682. – Well, if they do believe that in the very end of their lives all will be forgiven them, if only they say they believe and repent … - JZ, 15.11.08.

CHRISTIANITY: No other religion than the Christian has taught that man is born as a sinner." - Pascal, Thoughts on Religion. – Which are the sins of the new-born baby? – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHRISTIANITY: Occasionally the local church may attack some straw issue like prohibition or gambling, or support some platitudinous position on health or flood relief, but the major history of the major churches is a great wasteland of indecision on the problems of life and death. Religion is not, thus, believed to entail any practical consequences, since as a matter of fact everything seems to be permitted. If war is unchristian, uncharitable, or at least unpleasant, this dictum does not seem to be of sufficient Christian concern. - D. A. Wells - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online.

CHRISTIANITY: Slaves, obey your earthly masters with deep respect and fear. Serve them sincerely as you would serve Christ. – Ephesians 6: 5 NLT – Quoted by Terry Mcintyre shared Open Your Minds's photo. – Facebook 10.6.12. – SLAVERY SANCTIONED, BIBLE. - – It would be more accurate to speak and write of its BibleS, since there are x versions, more or less complete, and x versions, all of them edited and censored by many. – JZ, 6.2.13.

CHRISTIANITY: Socrates has no followers because his testament was that salvation must be earned by every man for himself. Jesus' flock runs into millions because He took the pains of salvation upon Himself." – Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought.

CHRISTIANITY: The age of ignorance began with the Christian system." - Thomas Paine, 1737-1809. - No wonder, since they wanted to reduce all wisdom and knowledge to that contained in one old book of legends, supposedly a holy one. - JZ, 28.4.94. – Furthermore, to his own interpretations of it, of which we have the records of his sayings, covering in total no more than ca. 30 days of lecturing, according to Ulrich von Beckerath, 1882-1969, who was also a long-term Bible reader and atheist, mathematician and statistician. – JZ, 8.11.10.

CHRISTIANITY: The belief that some cosmic Jewish Zombie can make you live forever if you symbolically eat his flesh and telepathically tell him that you accept him as your master, so he can remove an evil force from your soul that is present in humanity because a rib-woman was convinced by a talking snake to eat from a magical tree. – Makes perfect sense. - Michael Parag shared No Hope For the Human Race's photo. On Facebook, 8.4.12. Also: Donald Meinshausen shared Sha Ren's photo. – Facebook, 16.7.12. – GOD, CHRIST, CANNIBALISM

CHRISTIANITY: the Christian spends his time regretting what he'd done, the agnostic what he hasn't done." - Brian Aldiss, in: The Male Response.

CHRISTIANITY: The essential immorality of Christianity - and its subscription to the murderous doctrine of collective responsibility - is perhaps best expressed by the Christian dogma that "Christ died on the cross for our sins!" This does obviously embody the notion that one innocent person could be held responsible or hold himself responsible or could be held responsible by God, for the sins and crimes of all others, even those not yet committed. - JZ, 13.8.89, 28.4.94. – If, as part of God Almighty, he was responsible for all the past and future sins in the world, then, indeed, he would have deserved not only to be crucified but to live eternally and painfully in hell! – JZ, 15.11.08. – In other words, was he rightfully executed for his VERY GREAT sins of omission? – JZ, 8.11.10. - COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY.

CHRISTIANITY: the ideological conviction of many Christian modernists that the road to Christianity on earth lies through the federal government." - John Chamberlain, quoted in W. F. Buckley, God & Man at Yale, XIX.

CHRISTIANITY: The last Christian died on the cross." - Friedrich Nietzsche.

CHRISTIANITY: The scapegoat sacrifice runs all through the Old Testament, then it reaches its height in the New Testament with the notion of the Martyred Redeemer. How can justice possibly be served by loading your sins on another? Whether it be a lamb, having its throat cut ritually, or a Messiah nailed to a cross and 'dying for your sins'. Somebody should tell all of Yahweh's followers, Jews and Christians, that there is no such thing as a free lunch." – Robert Heinlein, Job, p.345. – According to this convenient mythology you can sin all your life – infringing the rights and liberties of many other people. It does not matter, for Jesus died on the cross, for your sins, too. All you need to do in the end, is to declare that you believe in him and that you regret your sins – and you will be forgiven and can still get right into heaven and its supposed paradise, without any immigration restrictions! What an encouragement for committing “sins” and doing wrong! – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHRISTIANITY: The theology of Christianity: "stipulates that a man can choose between good and evil and that such choice is necessary for his moral salvation. This concept also applies to the economic plane: a man will grow to his full stature only when he has the maximum of free choice. The powerful state is the enemy of moral man no less than of the free society." – Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, Right Turn, p. 8/9.

CHRISTIANITY: The world grows more humane as it discards Christianity. That is the subtle grievance of the modern priest." - Joseph McCabe.

CHRISTIANITY: The worst aspect of Christianity is that it blinds people to the most important facts, ideas and solutions and thus wastes human minds and energies and misdirects good will and capabilities. - JZ 30.1.82.

CHRISTIANITY: They might as well have a dozen different Christs, the way they quarrel about His nature.” – Poul & Karen Anderson, The King of Ys: Gallicenae, p.19. Baen Books 1987. – I read, somewhere, that before him about 40 other “prophets” died nailed to a cross. – How many open air preachers have we had since his crucifixion? Most of them still disagree with each other on many points, and often base their interpretations on the same “holy” book, the Bible. - JZ, 8.11.10. - CHURCHES & SECTS

CHRISTIANITY: Two great European narcotics, alcohol and Christianity." - Friedrich Nietzsche, 1844-1900.

CHRISTIANITY: Were Jesus and his mother Mary - Catholics, Protestants or Jews? JZ, 21.12.11.  – JOKES, Q.

CHRISTIANITY: What a perverse thought and action, to sacrifice my own and only son so that I would forgive others for their sins! - JZ, 6.7.82. – If such a God existed, I would certainly not worship him! – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHRISTIANITY: Without centuries of Christian anti-Semitism, Hitler’s passionate hatred would never have been so fervently echoed.” - Robert Runcie (b. 1921), British ecclesiastic, Archbishop of Canterbury. DAILY TELEGRAPH (London, November 10, 1988). - NAZIS & ANTISEMITISM

CHRISTIANITY: You know that verse in the Bible about not suffering witches to live? Exodus 22, 18. That's the one. The Old Hebrew word translated there as 'witch' actually means 'poisoner'. Not letting a poisoner continue to breathe strikes me as a good idea.” – Robert Heinlein, Job, p.348. - How many supposed "witches" were tortured and murdered as a result of that mistake in translating a "holy" book that supposedly teaches to "love your enemies"? - JZ, 28.4.94. – BIBLE

CHRISTIANS & THEIR CHARITY NOTIONS: Geithner: "We Write 80 Million Checks A Month" - - The "thinking" of all too many Christians - and others - is, alas, confined to charity options, as if there were no self-help, liberation, insurance and credit options at all and as if all these could not be maximized. – Where and when was the "invisible hand" ever QUITE free to operate? Check your premises rather than reiterate your false assumptions. - Nevertheless, even they should get the freedom to practise their lies, errors, spleens, dogmas, prejudices etc. among themselves, at their own risk and expense, under full exterritorial autonomy. In the long run this would be effective in shutting them up. - Under full experimental freedom at least SOME leftists would also be able to prove whatever truths they do also possess by their own experiments. I would expect much from e.g. various self-management experiments. Agreed! But then most social science comments are still full of foolishness, errors, prejudices and lies. Libertarians have never bothered to try to collect them all and refute them, their tens- to hundreds of thousands, in a digitized encyclopedia. - JZ, 2.8.11, on Facebook.

CHRISTIANS: a fool-in-Christ..." - Alexander Solzhenitsyn, August 1914, p.675.

CHRISTIANS: All good Christians glory in the folly of the Cross. Nothing can be more contrary to religion and the clergy than reason and common sense." - Voltaire, Philosophical Dictionary, 1764.

CHRISTIANS: Among Christian workers and other intellectual cripples the delusion seems to persist that jazz is highly aphrodisiacal.” - H. L. Mencken, Miscellaneous Notes, No. 7, Music and Sin: in Prejudices, Fifth Series, page 293.

CHRSTIANS: Are there Christians? I have never seen any of them." - Diderot.

CHRISTIANS: Christians are not followers of Jesus. They are disciples of their chosen preachers." - Woody Welling, THE CONNECTION 130, p.64. - Sometimes even of preachers that are imposed upon them! - JZ, 28.4.94.

CHRISTIANS: Christians do not die; they do not even live. - JZ, 24.10.93.

CHRISTIANS: Christians have been the most intolerant of all men." - Voltaire, ibid. – They have found many mass murderous modern imitators – under other misleading terms. – JZ, 15.11.08.

CHRISTIANS: Christians have burnt each other, quite persuaded that all the Apostles would have done as they did." - Byron, Don Juan, I, 1819.

CHRISTIANS: Christians have failed for 2,000 years to prove what Christ's teachings could do. From auto-da-fe to Auschwitz, a chain of MISERABILIA. Nowhere else in history were such saintly words turned to such abuse." - D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought.

CHRISTIANS: Christians have never practised those actions which Jesus prescribed for them. The impertinent talk of the 'justification through faith' and of its supreme and unique significance is only the consequence of the church neither having the courage nor the will to commit itself to those values which Jesus demanded." - Nietzsche, Wille zur Macht, S.191.

CHRISTIANS: Christian: Someone whose mind is nailed to a cross. – JZ 16.1.95. – And whose reading and learning is largely confined to a single book! – JZ, 21.9.08. – Most of its believers have not even found out its numerous contradictions and took no stand against its atrocities. – JZ, 12.11.08. - BIBLE

CHRISTIANS: Men of simple understanding, little inquisitive and little instructed, make good Christians." - Michael de Montaigne, Essays, I, 1580.

CHRISTIANS: One who uses a cross as a crutch; one who shoots up with a steeple; one who fixes with a crucifix; a Pope fiend; a Cathaholic; one who has a monk on his back." - L. A. Rollins, Lucifer's Lexicon.

CHRISTIANS: Some Christians seem to believe that the God of their legends, supposedly the creator of all life, does not want that life be lived. Not all go to the length of literally whipping themselves, however, but short of that, many "Christians" engage in many anti-life thoughts and actions. - JZ, 2.3.86. - So do many of today's Greenies. They seem to love plants and animals more than themselves and other men. - Freedom and rights begin with self-respect and respect for others, not primarily plants and animals. - JZ, 30.9.02.

CHRISTIANS: The Christians to the lions!" - Given as the cry of the Roman populace, following any sort of public calamity. - If they had been thorough in this endeavour, how many public calamities would we have been spared? - JZ, 28.4.94.

CHRISTIANS: The Jews generally give good value. They make you pay; but they deliver the goods. In my experience the men who want something for nothing are invariably Christians." - G. B. Shaw, St. Joan, 1923.

CHRISTIANS: There are few true Christians, even when it comes merely to faith." - Pascal, Gedanken, p.47 ed. Dieterich.

CHRISTIANS: There was only one Christian and he died on the cross." - Nietzsche, according to Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible, p.157.

CHRISTIANS: You do not love America the beautiful. You love Jesus the ugly. You do not love the freedom of Man. You love the tyranny of your God. You do not love your children. You love your sick feelings of fear you do not have the courage to face." - Zarlenga, The Orator, p.111.

CHRISTMAS TREES: A heathen custom of sacrificing trees. - JZ, 17.12.93. - I got disgusted with K.Z. & M.Z. for having followed this custom to their old age. - I was guilty of it, too, while I was young and later when my children were small. - Now we can get at least some re-usable and attractive looking artificial trees. - JZ, 28.4.94.

CHURCHES: A church is a place in which gentlemen who have never been to heaven brag about it to persons who will never get there." - H. L. Mencken, 1880-1956. - JOKES

CHURCHES: As for post-world-war problems, there are none that cannot be amiably settled between me and my friend Roosevelt." - Quoted on radio, tonight, in a talk on Bohr. - To me this was a good instance of official incompetence and conceit. - JZ, 21.7.86. - How they and their successors mismanaged their relations to the captive nations e.g., in Russia and China and Eastern Europe, is by now a matter of public record. And this guy, with the supposedly photographic memory, had apparently forgotten, that his country entered the war in defence of Poland. - His behaviour reminds me somewhat of a remark in Goethe's "Faust": "Once they are over 30, they are already as good as dead. It would be best to kill them all in time." - However, these "corpses" still manage to produce mountains of real corpses, mainly of people who are more or less innocent. And they except themselves from the mutual slaughters. Alexander the Great was somewhat of an exception: a mass murderer while he was still very young. And before his early death he managed to become something of a peacemaker, e.g. between Greeks and Persians. - But the general image is: Old men setting themselves up as mass slaughterers, by proxy, of the young and the old, under all kinds of fancy excuses and pretences. - JZ, 29.4.94.

CHURCHES: As if one place could or would be more holy than other places. – JZ, 29.1.13.

CHURCHES: CHURCH BELLS: Churches using them should be sued for noise pollution. If they want to wake up their faithful and invite them to church, they could do so via computerised automatic wake-up and reminder calls - which would not molest or disturb others. - JZ, 18.9.93. - Anyhow, one should imagine that after 2,000 years their followers would at least have learned when and where their weekly meetings happen, without making again and again much noise about this. - JZ, 28.4.94.

CHURCHES: Everyone can see that the Church is wrong when it comes to men with the Bible in one hand, and the sword in the other." - Letters of Charles Lane, p. 31 in Carl Watner’s edition.

CHURCHES: Going to church doesn't make you a Christian any more than going to a garage makes you a car.” - Laurence J. Peter - CHRISTIANITY

CHURCHES: I cannot help wondering whether the Church could not have done the thing cheaper. Were these glittering vestments and soaring columns so absolutely essential to the cult of the manger-born God?" - Israel Zwangli, 1864-1926.

CHURCHES: I darted a contemptuous look at the stately monuments of superstition." - Edward Gibbon: A reference to the Gothic cathedrals; TIME, November 28, 1955.

CHURCHES: Lighthouses are more helpful than churches." - Benjamin Franklin. - "Lighthouses are more helpful than churches." – Thomas Paine. - Neither of my sources gave a date and location - or I failed to note them down. - JZ

CHURCHES: My own mind is my own church." - Thomas Paine.

CHURCHES: Neither the Catholic Church nor any of the Protestant ones did excommunicate all those who voluntarily supported the Nazi Regime. - JZ, 7.9.93.

CHURCHES: Thank God for the Church of England; it's all that stands between us and Christianity!" - An M.P., quoted by Edmund A. Opitz, in THE FREEMAN, June 78, p. 333. - JOKES

CHURCHES: the Church as the supplanter of religion...." - G. B. Shaw, Man & Superman, p.32.

CHURCHES: The Church has always been a stumbling block to progress." - Emma Goldman.

CHURCHES: The church has always been willing to swap of treasures in heaven for cash down." - R. G. Ingersoll, 1833-1899.

CHURCHES: The Church has two consciences: one for itself and one for its interests." - Proudhon, 1853.

CHURCHES: The Church hates a thinker precisely for the same reason a robber dislikes a sheriff, or a thief despises the prosecuting witness." - Robert Ingersoll, Individuality.

CHURCHES: The Church is an organised institution that has always been a stumbling block to progress. Organised churchism has stripped religion of its naiveté and primitiveness. It has turned religion into a nightmare that oppresses the human soul and holds the mind in bondage. 'The Dominion of Darkness,' as the last true Christian, Leo Tolstoi, calls the Church, has been a foe of human development and free thought, and as such it has no place in the life of a truly free people." - Emma Goldman: What I Believe, p.141.

CHURCHES: The conspiracy I dread most is the organised churches, which have so castrated education in this country that people regard themselves as educated ( and have diplomas to 'prove' it ) without any training at all in scientific skepticism, logic , or elementary semantics." - R. A. Wilson, Illuminati Papers, p.115. - Do pupils get more of the desirable education in State Schools - or even less? - JZ, 17.11.82. - The modern "priesthood" of supposedly professional and secular educators may have done much more harm than the remaining church schools have. - JZ, 28.4.94.

CHURCHES: The most important tasks for today's churches, as I see them, are the following, not necessarily in that order: - - (a) a moral and rational stand on individual rights and liberties. This involves among other things: - - (b) A stand on abortion that respects the rights of all involved, including the unborn child. - - (c) A clear-cut rejection of all collective responsibility (excepting only those of convicts, for similar crimes), and especially of its extreme expressed in ABC mass murder devices. - - (d) A thorough exploration of whether and how the principle involved in religious tolerance or liberty and that in freedom to experiment in the natural sciences and in technology, could solve or settle down to bearable proportions the major economic, political and social problems of our times. - - (e) A moral and clear stand on tyrannicide. - - (f) A clear rejection of conscription. - - (g) An application of the "Thou shalt not steal!" principle to taxation and inflation and to all monopolies. - - (h) A rewording of "love thy neighbour" to: "be just to thy neighbour" and of: "love thy enemy" to "love all the victims of thy enemy". - - (i) A proper translation of the command, so far wrongly translated as: "Thou shalt not kill!" to: "Thou shalt not murder!”. - Without these and some related reforms, I cannot presently think of to list, the churches will continue to do more wrong and harm than right and good. - JZ, 9.10.88, 28.4.94. – But then they were never really moral or ethical or social reform institutions. – JZ, 15.11.08. – BIBLE, HOLY BOOKS, CHRISTIANITY, RELIGIONS

CHURCHES: The poor beg outside the temples and the rich inside them. - Vansh Saluja, quoted by Nizam Ahmad – Who of the two is more successful with his prayer, or otherwise? – JZ, 29.1.13. Facebook, 29.1.13.

CHURCHES: There's no church like the open vault of heaven." - Nevil Shute, Landfall, p.145.

CHURCHES: Those churches that have abandoned LOVE as their principle for action, that now support programs of COERCION and compulsion to 'do good' for people, do NOT have my support and do NOT have my sanction. I prefer to express my Love for my Neighbors, voluntarily." - JAG, 4.7.79. - CHARITY, LOVE, COERCION, RELIGION, DO-GOODING, WELFARE STATE

CHURCHES: Unfortunately, the Church has given the impression of protecting the protected and neglecting the neglected." - Rev. Ted Noffs, 14.3.64.

CHURCHES: Unless the church is backed by the State, we need not fear it. Although the church may say that playing cards is 'wrong' and charity to the poor a universal 'right', so long as that view is not enforced, we are at liberty to disregard it. We are hardly at liberty to disregard the State." - Robert LeFevre, LEFEVRE'S JOURNAL, Spring 78, p. 3. - But we need the latter liberty even more today than we need liberty from any church. - JZ, 28.4.94.

CHURCHES: What influence, in fact, have ecclesiastical establishments had on society? In some instances they have been seen to erect a spiritual tyranny on the ruins of the civil authority; on many instances they have been seen upholding the thrones of political tyranny; in no instance have they been the guardians of the liberties of the people." - James Madison. – Well, some of them did at least partly do away with former religiously motivated abuses, like collective responsibility notions and practices, human sacrifices (Probably the cause for the success of Abraham and the rapid growth of his tribe through defectors to him, as Ulrich von Beckerath pointed out.). Monotheism did at least do away, among its adherents with the notion of whole armies of demons or gods, each being behind a natural phenomenon. The “peace of god” introduced by some pope in the Middle Ages, for several days in the week, did at least some good. Otherwise, the usual feuds between local lords may have murdered and destroyed much more. - Some hospitals were run by churches. And at times of poverty and unemployment, while not doing away with these usually government-caused wrongs and evils, churches often charitably maintained up to one third of the population, for which there were neither credit nor insurance options or ready jobs available under the prevailing monetary conditions. Some monks did also preserve and copy old manuscripts and some churches run schools better than the government does. – Let us not unnecessarily malign the churches and sects but, rather, try to do much better than they did – and, especially try to copy their religious tolerance or religious freedom into the sphere of political, economic and social systems. – We can also consider many of them as inspiring examples for the possibilities of voluntary taxation among communities of like-minded volunteers. - JZ, another atheist, 5.1.08. - SECTS, RELIGIONS, BELIEFS, FAITHS & MORALITY

CHURCHES: with your being the best minister of your own unique and individual way of life, you can formalise your way of life into a 'CHURCH' with you as the minister of that church and religion. It follows further that YOUR church and ministry and religion being equal to ANY OTHER according to the basic principles of the U.S. Constitution, YOU have EQUAL RIGHT to whatever rights, privileges, tax-exemptions, etc. ... are accorded to ANY religion, church, or minister ( no matter how bigoted, no matter how powerful ). - The law allows you to deduct from gross taxable income, up to half, whatever you contribute to ANY church, without any discrimination against YOUR church. The law further allows substantial grants to heads-of-church (such as YOU can be) to be 'non-taxable/non-reportable'. We who are TOLERANTS, seeing bigot-power growing ever-stronger to 'brain-wash us all', welcome and will guide YOU and other yet-unaffiliated Tolerants to set up for peace-of-mind and for tax-saving-countering-bigot-'steals'..." - The Tolerants....POB 36 099, Houston, TX 77036, in FREEDOM TODAY, Sep. 75. - What a pity that the IRS did not think like that and still does not. - JZ, 28.4.94. – It has monopolized, in its financial interest, the right to decide what is a religion and a church or sect and what is not. – Why should one have expected anything else from it? – JZ, 15.11.08. - TOLERANCE

CHURCHES: You know what the churches are afraid of?" - Yes, real believers! - JZ, 10.11.86. - Really enlightened people they fear and hate even more! - JZ, 30.9.02.

CHURCHILL: I received today, 15.11.08, from the Mises Institute, as its daily article, an excellent article on Churchill, which clearly exposes him as a quite unprincipled man, loving power and war and having being one of the greatest war criminals: “Rethinking Churchill” - Daily Article by Ralph Raico | Posted on 11/15/2008 – I do highly recommended it. It brought me very much information that was still unknown to me. It lists over 100 references to back up its statements. Churchill as Icon  Opportunism and Rhetoric  Churchill and the "New Liberalism"  World War I  Between the Wars  Embroiling America in War — Again  "First Catch Your Hare"  War Crimes Discreetly Veiled  1945: The Dark Side  The Triumph of the Welfare State - This essay originally appears in The Costs of War: America's Pyrrhic Victories, edited with an introduction by John V. Denson.

CIA: The CIA is an organization with a known criminal record. Can we get them for racketeering?” - Larry Taylor

CIGARETTES: Annual global deaths: Alcohol: 1.8 million, Cigarettes: 4.9 million, Pharmaceuticals: 3.5 million, Cannabis: 0 =Zero! - Bretigne Shaffer shared THC Finder's photo. - Wall Photos - Global Deaths - by: THC Finder – Facebook, 14.3.12.

CIRCUMSTANCES: But no-one has the right to excuse himself by referring to 'circumstances', circumstances are there to be mastered." - Otto von Habsburg, The Social Order of Tomorrow, 15. - As if all circumstances, even in the final stage, could easily be mastered, if, up to then, one had not raised a finger to prevent it from coming to the present crisis. Those who were finally marched into the gas ovens did not have many choices left, if they were not picked or "volunteered" to aid this "processing". - To change circumstances on a large scale requires intelligent foresight, preparations and collaboration. - JZ, 29.4.94. – E.g.: Changing the circumstances, ideas, errors, prejudices, laws, instituions and actions of compulsory territorialism to optional exterritorial autonomy for volunteers, is certainly not an easy job. – The same applies to the change from monetary and financial despotism to monetary and financial freedom or from Warfare States to inherently peaceful societies. - JZ, 29.1.13. EMERGENCIES, DUTY, OBLIGATION, CHOICE, MORALITY, DECISION, POWER, INFLUENCE, INDIVIDUALS, LUCK

CIRCUMSTANCES: Circumstances never made the man do right who didn't do right in spite of them." - Coulson Kernahan, A Book of Strange Sins. - RIGHT ACTION, MORALITY, ETHICS, MAN, OPPORTUNITIES, TIMING, PROGRAMS, MILITIA, DECLARATION OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

CIRCUMSTANCES: Circumstances! I make circumstances!" - Napoleon Bonaparte, 1769 - 1821. - Yes, and he murdered about 3 million people in the process, until he was dethroned by the nationalist resistance he aroused, a circumstance he had not expected. And his suppression of the press may have left him unaware that before Waterloo already ca. 10% of his troops had deserted. Knowing that, he might have sought peace rather than battle and resigned in favour of his son. - However, there are situations where such resolution ought to exist and be applied. - JZ, 29.4.94 - We COULD supply a complete freedom library, archive of libertarian ideas, freedom bibliography, directory, bibliography, abstracts and review collection and index to all libertarian writings, also a digitized encyclopaedia of the best libertarian refutations and this on cheap and powerful alternative media, but so far we have not bothered to do so, i.e., have failed to mobilise the greatest resources available and needed for the realisation of liberty, justice, peace, progress and prosperity. - JZ, 30.9.02, 29.1.13. - MAN, IMPOSSIBLE, CAN'T, ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES, FATE, INITIATIVE

CIRCUMSTANCES: I endeavour to subdue circumstances to myself, and not myself to circumstances." Horace, Epistles, Bk. 1, epis.1, l. 19.

CIRCUMSTANCES: Man is not merely a product of circumstances. Circumstances are the work of man." - Benjamin Disraeli, retranslated from a German version. - Finally, I found the original: "Man is not the creature of circumstances, circumstances are the creatures of men. We are free agents, and man is more powerful than matter." - Benjamin Disraeli, Vivian Grey, Bk. vi, ch. 7. Another version, elsewhere: "Circumstances are beyond the control of man; but his conduct is in his own power." - Benjamin Disraeli, Contarini Fleming, Pt. vii, ch. 2. - ENVIRONMENT, CONDITIONS, DEVELOPMENT, FATE, SUCCESS

CIRCUMSTANCES: People are always blaming their circumstances for what they are. I don't believe in circumstances. The people who get on in this world are the people who get up and look for the circumstances they want, and, if they can't find them, make them.” - G. B. Shaw, 1856-1950, Mrs. Warren's Profession. - Anarchists and Libertarians have so far not found it very easy to establish the circumstances they want. - JZ, 29.4.94. - Or showed great interest in doing so, when the opportunities were there and they could be easily and cheaply taken up, like e.g. microfiche, floppy disks and CD-ROMs for their literature. - JZ, 30.9.02. – Nor do they generally subscribe as yet to panarchism to make their job much easier. – JZ, 15.11.08.

CIRCUMSTANCES: You think me the child of my circumstances: I make my circumstance." - Emerson, Nature, Addresses, and Lectures: The Transcendentalist. - Spending less time and energy merely on making money and more on promoting liberty is often in our powers in the more developed countries. We should prepare the circumstances of complete availability of freedom literature at least on microfiche and disks, of an ideas archives, of contacts journals in every city, etc., i.e. really prepare all the alternative, powerful and efficient tools for enlightenment, which we have so far neglected - JZ, 29.4.94, 15.11.08.

CITIES: Cities are, largely, job and accommodation as well as transport as well as concentrated sales opportunities. They offer also much more in education entertainment and recreation options. Thus the world becomes more and more citified. The Internet has not yet significantly countered that trend. However, cities are also territorial power centers and as such they do legally infringe or even suppress individual rights and liberties, often under the pretence of protecting them and thus the cities and whole population suffer correspondingly. – JZ, 29.1.00, 24.9.08. – I read recently that by now about half of the world’s population lives in cities. That percentage might further increase in the future, at least while unemployment continues to exist. – JZ, 9.11.10.

CITIES: Cities mean more individualized options, more closely together. – JZ, 24.1.00. – However, the Internet options have somewhat leveled the field and provided world-wide electronic contact options even to country people. – JZ, 24.9.08. - LIBERTIES, OPPORTUNITIES, FREE EXCHANGE, EDUCATION, SELF-DEVELOPMENT, INTERNET

CITIES: City air made medieval man free, but now national, and even continental air may make man free - or smother him in the batting of a technocratic, industrial feudalism." - Silvert, Man's Power, p.145. - Many cities were supposedly founded by run-away slaves, who had their first palisades up when their masters finally found them. - JZ, 29.4.94. – In Germany there exists still a proverb indicating this development: “Stadtluft macht frei!” (“Town air makes you free!”) – Alas, by now city governments have introduced their own kind of modern feudalism, clearly indicated by the rates imposed upon real estate holders. - JZ, 16.11.08.

CITIES: Given the fact that value is subjective by its very nature, given the fact of the enormous internal diversity of human populations, and given the never ending changes in tastes and circumstances, it is impossible per se for there to be constructed a universally valid, objective definition or description of the Good City. City planning is by definition, then, an exercise in either futility or coercion (or both). - It is possible for a group of people of like values to agree upon a definition of the Good City and to attempt to implement that particular vision with their own monies and without coercion, and to this I offer no objection. But most True Prophets prefer to work with other people's money, obtained by the exertions of the tax collector, and with the sheriff at their side, to deal appropriately with those recalcitrant few who stand in the way of the developing New Jerusalem." - Benjamin R. Rogge, THE FREEMAN, 7/75. - (Underlining by me. JZ) Add to this the fact that the city planners, mostly architects, are by the very nature of their profession habituated to planning the spending of other people's money on a vast scale. Give them access to seemingly unlimited tax funds and their imagination runs away with them and with our money. They are ready to build their "pyramids" at our expense. - JZ, 29.4.94.

CITIES: I like a mayor who doesn't meddle in city affairs." - Joey Adams, at the Rainbow Grill, in Richard C. Cornuelle, Demanaging America, ch. 14. - I think it was the mayor of Detroit who, by 1990, needed 12 (or was it even 60 ?) bodyguards! - JZ, 29.4.94. Alas, my memory is not getting any better. – JZ, 9.11.10.

CITIES: Men lose touch with reality in cities." - Rose Wilder Lane, The Discovery of Freedom, p.222. - NATURAL LIFE, MAN, REALITY, NATURE, SELF-RESPONSIBILITY

CITIES: Right Rules Promote Right Outcomes. Proposition No. 2: The Good City will be whatever arrangement of things and people emerges out of the decisions of those people when such decisions are made within a framework of appropriate rules. That is to say, the Good City cannot be defined in terms of its own characteristics but only in terms of the correctness or incorrectness of the decision-system within which it emerges. Right rules promote right outcomes; wrong rules promote wrong outcomes." - Benjamin R. Rogge, ibid. – The usual mutual territorial domination games are played in them, too, instead of each group of volunteers paying its own way. Political rather than market forces are used and abused. – JZ, 16.11.08.

CITIES: The city is where the action is. The city is where you find the best stores, theatres, libraries, restaurants, art galleries and cultural centers. (*) These fine advantages more than offset the penalties the city extracts in violent crimes, crowding, pollution and bureaucratic hassles and traffic jams. Also welfare is more easy to obtain and more rewarding in the city." - L. J. Peter, The Peter Plan, p.5. - (*) However, lectures, discussions and many other meeting opportunities are still not sufficiently published in advance, in special calendars. - How many city problems would remain - in the absence of any government interventionism? I found most of the American cities that I visited, in 1990/91, terribly run down. - JZ, 29.4.94.

CITIES: there exists by demonstration a social capacity of people to live by mutual aid, rather than competition, (*) and in communities. Even cities, which are often these days said to be the 'proof' that small scale social organisation is impractical, are nothing more than just agglomerations of little communities, gobbled up in the annexations of a powerful administrative unit. The size and scale of city administrations are not a natural but a wholly administrative phenomenon." - Karl Hess, Dear America, p.258. - - (*) Competition is also a form of mutual aid and voluntary cooperation, if the all over effect of it is taken into consideration. - JZ, 29.4.94, 16.11.08 - LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

CITIES: Towns are not always ugly, at least not by night. Singapore looked like a multi-coloured jewel, tonight, from the air. - JZ, 10.10.84. - How beautiful could cities be without interventions by local governments? - JZ, 29.4.94.

CITIES: What a place to plunder!" - Marshal Gerhard Bluecher, 1742 - 1819, on the London of 1814. - Politicians are not so open and direct about this. - JZ, 29.4.94. – MILITARY “MINDS”

CITIES: Why is anyone surprised that cities have problems? It has been our experience that problems tend to go where the people are." - Bill Vaughan, READER’S DIGEST, 9/75. - Most people speak only of the problems of cities, not of their solutions. But the consumer, when he is free, makes his choice - predominantly for cities. - JZ, 12/76. – Alas, so far the cities are stuck with territorial city governments and all the costs, abuses, corruption and restrictions this implies. – JZ, 16.11.08. – Territorial statism is also the main problem of cities. – JZ, 20.7.13.

CITIES: Why should someone who wishes to live a simple beach-combing existence be forced to subsidise the development of cities?" - George Hardy, The Doom of the Welfare Society, p.12.

CITIES: With singular unanimity, in any country where they had the chance, the poor walked off the land and into the factories as fast as the factories would take them." - Quoted by James Gunn, in DESTINIES, Spring 80, p. 239. - Even now most cities grow mainly by influx of people from the land, the number of city-born children not being enough to keep up their population. But in a new development, perhaps also the result of too much meddling with agriculture, the population growth of country people has been also been slowed down. - JZ, 29.4.94. - FACTORIES, POVERTY, AGRICULTURE, INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION, GROWTH OF CITIES.

CITIZENS: A "citizen is vigilant with a jealous care to remain his own master." - Bastiat, quoted in G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.206. - Our "citizens" have only become vigilant in their search for still more hand-outs, forming, as B. already said, a "mutual plunderbund." - JZ, 29.4.94.

CITIZENS: As Anderson puts it in one succinct formulation, the ordinary political process deprives people 'of ACTIVE citizenship and degrades them to the level of PASSIVE citizenship; it makes politics a matter for governments, and citizens mere voting machines.' - (W.W. 8 Nov. 1929 )" - A. J. Baker, Anderson's Political Philosophy, p.71.

CITIZENS: Citizen of the Galaxy" - Dangerous Button, No. 237.

CITIZENS: Good Citizen, n. An obedient slave." - L. A. Rollins, Lucifer's Lexicon.

CITIZENS: Government should by NOT intervening and taking initiative from them, challenge citizens to take the initiative." - PURSUIT, Oct. 1976. - But then it must also leave them enough money to finance their initiatives themselves. The primary territorial interventions by constitutions, laws, regulations and taxation must be removed, at least for all peaceful dissenters. - JZ, 29.4.94.

CITIZENS: I am a citizen, not of Athens or Greece, but of the world." - Ascribed to Socrates, 469-399 B.C. - And how did this city treat its most famous citizen? - JZ, 29.4.94. - COSMOPOLITANISM

CITIZENS: It is not the function of our Government to keep the citizen from falling into error; it is the function of the citizen to keep the government from falling into error.” – Robert H. Jackson (1892-1954), U.S. Supreme Court Justice, American Communications Assn v. Douds, 1950. - They do not have to try to enlighten any government as long as they are free to secede from it! Thereby even their former masters might learn something. - JZ, 26. 11. 06. . – A citizen not free to secede – exterritorially – is, essentially, still a mere serf of a feudal system. – JZ, 9.11.10. - VS. GOVERNMENTS

CITIZENS: Man may hold all sorts of posts, if he'll only hold his tongue." - Rudyard Kipling, Pink Dominoes. – We should appreciate ethical disobedience actions much more than unethical submission to power addicts and their wrongful legislation. – JZ, 21.7.13.

CITIZENS: MODERN CITIZENS NEED TO MAKE A CONFESSION: A personal note to the Founding Fathers: We’re sorry. We blew it. You made it possible for us to live free and we blew it. We’ve given up nearly every personal liberty in the name of a false sense of security sold to the masses by the same type of maniacal government about which you warned us and against which you fought so bravely. We now have to ask permission to take a leak on an airline flight. We never deserved you.” – Phil Murphy 7/4/02. - Rather ponder the remaining wrongs and mistakes in the original and "amended" constitution, which made the present situation possible: Territorialism, compulsory membership or subjugation and insufficient knowledge of, declaration and application of individual rights and liberties. - JZ, 26. 11. 06. - CONSTITUTIONALISM

CITIZENS: Once eliminate the fear of starvation, once eliminate or bound the hope of riches, and we shall see plenty of skulking and malingering. Society will then be something not wholly unlike a cotton plantation in the old days; with cheerful, careless, demoralised slaves, with elected overseers, and, instead of the planter, a chaotic popular assembly.' - The world we live in today could not be better described. In any occupation deadbeats now seem the rule rather than the exception. Save for the work force of a few bastions of free enterprise – notably Taiwan, Japan, and Korea ..." - Bob Stevenson on Robert Louis Stevenson, THE FREEMAN, 8/78.

CITIZENS: Subjects are not citizens. Only volunteers are citizens. - JZ, 13.4.87. - Compare Mrs. Chisholm's remark: "Nothing but what is voluntary deserves the name national." - TERRITORIALISM

CITIZENS: that (the people) being unqualified for the management of affairs requiring intelligence above the common level, yet competent judges of human character, (they) chose for their management representatives, some by themselves immediately, others by electors chosen by themselves. Action by citizens in person, in affairs within their reach and competence, and in all others by representatives chosen immediately and removable by themselves ( the people ) constitutes the essence of a Republic." - Thomas Jefferson, 1816. - Still a territorial monopolist and as such an enemy of public welfare. Apparently, he had not read Fichte's 1793 work on the French Revolution, in which he defended the right of individuals to secede. Only voluntary citizens are citizens. "Republics" with involuntary citizens are despotisms, to that extent. - JZ, 29.4.94. - SUBSIDIARITY PRINCIPLE, REFERENDUM, REPUBLIC, DIRECT DEMOCRACY, PANARCHISM

CITIZENS: The much administered man" - Rudyard Kipling, The Masque of Plenty. – People should be free to choose their own way of life and how to run it, rather than being coercively and territorially “administered” from the top. – JZ, 21.7.13.

CITIZENS: The State is the association of men, and not men themselves; the citizen may perish, and the man remain." - Montesquieu, Spirit of the Laws, Bk. x, ch. 3. - In another version, retranslated from a German version by me: "The man as citizen may perish but the man as man must remain." - Did M. have anarchist leanings? - He failed to note here that the State is a compulsory and monopolistic and territorial "association", which does not permit, as a rule, individuals to opt out, like other associations do. - JZ, 29.4.94.

CITIZENS: the supposedly free citizens becoming subjects of 'their' government, unwilling pawns in a power play over which they have no control and which they are compelled to finance." - Robert Sagehorn, in WESTERN WORLD NEWSLETTER, No. 71.

CITIZENS: They are our citizens, aren't they? We can do what we like with them." - Reply of an official of the Russian Commissariat for Foreign Affairs to a protest against the oppression of German colonists in Siberia; quoted in W. H. Chamberlain, Russia's Iron Age, XIII, 1934. – That is territorialism in a nutshell. – JZ, 9.11.10. -  INTERNAL AFFAIRS, TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY, NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY, HUMAN RIGHTS, SECESSION, DESPOTISM, TOTALITARIANISM, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY, SLAVERY, TERRITORIALISM

CITIZENS: We certainly have no control over our governments anymore.” - Kevork Ajemian, The Fallacy of Modern Politics, Books International, PO Box 6096, McLean, Virginia 22106, 1986, Tel. (703) 821-8900, p.98. - SUBJECTS & TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS, DEMOCRACY, LEADERSHIP, REPRESENTATIVES, PRIME MINISTERS, PRESIDENTS, RULERS, TAX SLAVES, POLITICIANS

CITIZENSHIP: John McKnight, in a 1976 speech, described the ways the "helping professions" infantilize ordinary citizens: "When the capacity to define the problem becomes a professional prerogative, citizens no longer exist. The prerogative removes the citizen as problem definer, much less problem solver." - Quoted by Kevin A. Carson in "ANY TIME NOW, No. 14, Winter 01, - - PROFESSIONALS, GOVERNMENTAL DESPOTISM, REPRESENTATION, DEMOCRACY, TERRITORIALISM

CIVIL DEFENCE: President Eisenhower, after pondering the prospects of a nuclear exchange, said that he would not want to go to a bomb shelter because he would not want to survive and have to deal with the pain and the horror of the aftermath. - Newt Gingrich, Window of Opportunity, A Blueprint for the Future, p. 216. - Alas, he was not consistent enough to advocate and practise unilateral nuclear disarmament and the libertarian alternative defence, liberation and peace ideas. - JZ, 23.1.02. , NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, SURVIVAL

CIVIL DEFENCE: Welcome thy neighbor to thy fallout shelter. He'll come in handy if you run out of food." - Dean McLaughlin, OMNI, 11/85, p.38. – NUCLEAR WAR THREAT, JOKES

CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE: Civil disobedience becomes a sacred duty when the State becomes lawless or, which is the same thing, corrupt.” – Mohandas Gandhi – DISOBEDIENCE

CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE: civil disobedience implies ... that I do accept the general system even while rejecting a particular law."- Mullford Q. Sibley, The Obligation to Disobey, p.59.

CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE: Civil disobedience, if it could be carried into the military and police forces, could bring down any regime - but this would be no assurance that something as bad or worse would not replace the old regime." - Woody, THE CONNECTION 133, p.56. - This extension would amount to an insurrection by the armed forces. Controlling factors could be desertion and individual secession, tax strikes, refusals to accept government paper money, volunteer militias for the protection of human rights, tyrannicide, referendum, initiatives and recalls, free migration. - JZ, 11.8.87.

CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE: Civil disobedience, therefore, by providing an organised outlet for rebellion, may prevent chaotic and uncontrolled reactions." - Howard Zinn, Disobedience & Democracy, p.18.

CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE: If political science does not include moral philosophy and the idea of civil disobedience, it becomes merely a register of whatever regulations the politicians of the time have ordered." - Howard Zinn, Disobedience & Democracy, 24. - DISOBEDIENCE, RESISTANCE, POLITICS, ORDERS, LAWS

CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE: The American Civil Liberties Union has defined civil disobedience as 'the wilful, non-violent and public violation of valid laws because the violator deems them to be unjust or because their violation will focus public attention on other injustices in society to which such laws may or may not be related.'" - M. Q. Sibley, The Obligation to Disobey, 77, quoting CIVIL LIBERTIES, Dec. 68.

CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE: The ultimate of civil disobedience means opting out of any State whose leaders are not amenable to reason. (Are any of them?) - JZ

CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION: I am more interested in the rights not enumerated than in those listed in the Bill of Rights, i.e. in those rights not constitutionally, legally, juridically and quite wrongfully restricted, especially in the sphere of quite basic political and economic rights that are largely left out of the public discussion and most public documents. In other words, my major interest in liberty almost begins where that of the CLU leaves off. - JZ, 1990.

CIVIL LIBERTY: Civil liberties, in my eyes, are the rather trivial rights to which the best kinds of politicians and lawyers want to reduce our basic individual rights, to fit into their monopolistic, territorial, coercive and more or less democratic or republican constitutions, laws and States. - JZ, 2.5.94.

CIVIL LIBERTY: Civil liberty is the status of the man who is guaranteed by law and civil institutions the exclusive employment of all his own powers for his own welfare." - William Graham Sumner, The Forgotten Man. But for the "guaranties", this sounds too much like "human rights" or "individual rights". – Which territorial State has ever conceded as much to individuals & their rights and liberties? - JZ, 16.11.08.

CIVIL LIBERTY: Civil liberty is the status of the man who is guaranteed by law and civil institutions the exclusive employment of all his own powers for his own welfare." - Karl Hess, Death of Politics, p.7, on libertarianism. - A good phrase, once heard, sticks in one's mind and may one day be advocated as the own, when one has forgotten its origin. I do not think that Karl Hess intentionally plagiarized Sumner. However, he should have expressed more criticism towards the implied "guaranties" - JZ


CIVIL RIGHTS CASES: All too often merely bickerings about non-essential or even non-rights, while essential rights are neglected or even fought. Most of all the Civil Liberties Actions have ignored freedom of action (or individual secessionism, combined with exterritorial autonomy for volunteer communities). - JZ, 30.1.92.

CIVIL RIGHTS: Civil rights' implies that government is the source of rights. Government is never the source of rights, but is often the inhibitor of rights. Government can, however, be the source of privileges, and this is what 'civil rights' really are: special PRIVILEGES made possible for some through government infringements on the RIGHTS of others." - Kenneth W. Ryker, THE FREEMAN, Sep. 77, p. 524.

CIVIL RIGHTS: I've voted against them (civil rights). ... What you're doing is creating rights at the expense of other people." - Benjamin R., Blackburn. - Rather: Unearned claims against other people. - JZ, 9.6.92. - BUSING, LAND-RIGHTS, HOUSING, HEALTH, MINIMUM WAGES, WELFARE STATE

CIVIL RIGHTS: Those who strain to hear a whisper from freedom infringed in our country seem to have a deaf ear for the screams of freedom outraged abroad." – Dagobert D. Runes, A Dictionary of Thought. - Human Rights.

CIVIL SERVANTS: As has often been observed, 'civil servant' usually translates to 'civil master'." - Ben Bova, ANALOG, 2/74.

CIVIL SERVANTS: I'm against civil service. It ain't neither civil nor a service. If a man knows he can't be fired, he won't work." - Sen. Eugene Talmadge, GA.

CIVIL SERVANTS: In a mature society, 'civil servant' is semantically equal to 'civil master'." – Robert Heinlein, Lazarus Long. - Mature? Statist or territorial, monopolistic, coercive and collectivistic! - JZ - PUBLIC SERVANTS, BUREAUCRACY


CIVIL WAR: a civil war is worse than any other sort, When two parties in a given country resort to arms to settle political differences (*), every man is a potential enemy to every other man, and the distinction between legalized killing and murder is not clearly drawn in the minds of average men, who are incapable of sustained thought. Death is held to be a fitting reward for those who dare hold contrary views, and a nation involved in a civil war is a breeding ground for children reared to look with tolerance on next to nothing but violence." - Kenneth Roberts, Oliver Wiswell, p.471. - (*) Because tolerant exterritorial autonomy for all volunteer groups is either not known or appreciated as an alternative. - JZ, 2.5.95.) – PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, REVOLUTION, TERRITORIALISM, SECESSIONISM

CIVIL WAR: A conflict which cost more than ten billion dollars. For less than half, the freedom of all the four million slaves could have been purchased." - Charles & Mary Beard. - See: PURCHASE OF ENTERPRISES, PURCHASE OF FREEDOM, SLAVERY

CIVIL WAR: Civil wars are usually the most uncivilized ones. The enemy is known and strongly hated. The fight is really about what both claim is rightly their own and exclusive homeland. Each wants to territorially dominate the other. Enemies across a national border are usually not as well known or as much hated. - JZ, 2.8.93. – TERRITORIALISM VS. EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY & VOLUNTARISM, TOLERANCE

CIVIL WAR: Civil wars result from people, either as ruling majorities or minorities, treating others in an uncivilized manner, e.g. by imposing the system they prefer territorially upon all others of the population, either by ballots or bullets. – JZ, 31.7.08. - TERRITORIALISM, CIVILIZATION, VOTING, DOMINATION, GOVERNMENT, LAWS

CIVIL WAR: How'd they ever get to call this a Civil War? … There just ain't no gentlemen left.” - George G. Gilman, Edge, The Blue, the Grey and the Red, No. 6, p. 107. - Most civil wars leave civil behaviour and civilization far behind. - JZ, 22.11.02.

CIVIL WAR: If I could save the Union by freeing all of the slaves, I would. If I could save the Union by freeing none of the slaves, I would.  And If I could save the Union by freeing some of the slaves, I would do that also." - ABRAHAM LINCOLN, SLAVERY

CIVIL WAR: In England, politically the most advanced country, the impetus which the Revolution gave to progress was exhausted, and people began to say, now that the Jacobite peril was over, that no issue remained between parties which made it worth while for men to cut each others' throat." - Lord Action, Lectures on Modern History, p.287. - Territorial monopoly and coercion is never a rightful and reasonable motive for murder. Its abolition can prevent most political, ideological, racial and religious murders and mass murders, civil wars and wars, revolutions and terrorist actions. One should imagine that in the face of so much current bloodshed and that of history, this simple reverse of present organisational arrangements would at least be discussed as an alternative options. Instead, it is largely passed over in silence or ignored as a possibility. - JZ, 2.5.94. – PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, TOLERANCE, VOLUNTARISM

CIVIL WAR: Neither a revolution nor a war between "civilized" States was ever so far a "civil", as opposed to a total, totalitarian or barbaric war. - JZ, 11.9.79.

CIVIL WAR: So the case stands, and under all the passion of the parties and the cries of battle lie the two chief moving causes of the struggle. Union means so many millions a year lost to the South; secession means the loss of the same millions to the North. The love of money is the root of this as of many many other evils … the quarrel between North and South is, as it stands, solely a fiscal quarrel.” – Charles Dickens, as editor of All the Year Round, a British periodical in 1862. – SECESSION, MOTIVES & AIMS, PROTECTIONISM VS. FREE TRADE, IMPOSED RULE VS. VOLUNTARISM, TERRITORIALIST SLAVERY OR SERFDOM OR TRIBUTE PAYING FOR ALL, UNITY VS. LIBERTY & RIGHTS & GENUINE SELF-DETERMINATION ON A VOLUNTARY BASIS,

CIVIL WAR: The American people, North and South, went into the [Civil] war as citizens of their respective states, they came out as subjects … what they thus lost they have never got back.” – H.L. Mencken. - They were already territorial subjects before. Free citizenship was more or less a delusion or self-delusion for most subjects. - JZ, 23. 11. 06. – State and local governments may be less wrongful but as territorial organizations they are still fundamentally wrongful and harmful. – JZ, 13.11.08.

CIVIL WAR: To preserve 'the constitution' ... could it ever have been necessitated to send into the field millions of ignorant young men, to cut the throats of other young men as ignorant as themselves - few of whom, on either side, had ever read the constitution, or had any real knowledge of its legal meaning; and not one of whom had ever signed it, or promised to support it, or was under the least obligation to support it? - The truth was that the government was in peril, SOLELY BECAUSE IT WAS NOT FIT TO EXIST. It, and the state governments - all but parts of one and the same system - were rotten with tyranny and crime. And being bound together by no honest tie, and existing for no honest purpose, destruction was the only honest doom to which any of them were entitled. And if we had spent the same money and blood to destroy them, that we did to preserve them, it would have been ten thousand times more creditable to our intelligence and character as a people." - Lysander Spooner, quoted in Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.135.

CIVILIANS: True, most dead on both  sides (are) civilians - but are (they) truly innocent? Who permitted continuing rule by megalomaniacs?” - David R. Palmer, Emergence, p.28 in ANALOG 1/81. - As territorialists most people are responsible for the consequences of their territorialism. But this does not mean that all their children are responsible, too and that mere occasional voters are as much to be held responsible as are politicians and generals. - JZ, 17.8.02. , INNOCENTS, NONCOMBATANTS, TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS, NUCLEAR STRENGTH, GUILT, COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY,

CIVILIZATION: A great civilization is not destroyed from without until it has destroyed itself from within." - Finishing sentence of film: The Fall of the Roman Empire. - If it still can be destroyed from within or without - then it is still not a true or great civilization. - JZ, 2.5.94. - ENEMIES, PANARCHY, FREEDOM, DESPOTISM

CIVILIZATION: Across the top of a page of poetry which he especially liked, he wrote some advice to himself that we all might heed: 'Don't calumniate civilization.'" – G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.122.

CIVILIZATION: Actually, what we call civilization is a movement in the direction of privacy. The more we are allowed to mind our own business and keep our own counsel, the better off we will be. I'm speaking about economic reality of course...." Robert LeFevre, Lift Her Up, Tenderly, p.124. - - Since he was one of the very few who reproduced de Puydt's article on Panarchy, he should have included here a hint to the radically extended privacy of private governments or non-governmental societies, all only based upon exterritorial autonomy and with voluntary members only. - The privacy of a private house, garden and business is not enough, while so many liberties and decisions are pre-empted by territorial governments and their institutions, constitutions, laws, administrations, armed forces and jurisdictions. - JZ, 1.10.02. – PRIVACY, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

CIVILIZATION: All despotisms, whether political or religious, whether of sex, of caste, or of custom, may be generalised as limitations to individuality, which is the nature of civilization to remove." - Herbert Spencer, Social Statics, General Considerations. – INDIVIDUALISM, INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE VS. TERRITORIALISM

CIVILIZATION: And the size and the freedom of the market are the measuring sticks of civilization." - Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.106. – Including the freedom of choice for whole economic, social and political systems! – A consistent laissez-faire society, as De Puydt demanded – even for voluntary monarchists and anarchists, for example. – JZ, 9.11.10.

CIVILIZATION: But Paine does not look backward to some mythical golden age of social harmony, rather forward to a more civilized society. He suggests as a general principle that 'the more perfect civilization is, the less occasion has it for government, because the more does it regulate its own affairs, and govern itself.' Since all the great laws of society are laws of nature, it follows for Paine that civilized life requires few laws." - Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible, p.138. - Government, Anarchism, Laws, Harmony

CIVILIZATION: Can man be civilized? Can one civilize and humanize human beings? Can one enlighten “educated” people? Sometimes one gets one's doubts." - JZ, 19.4.77, 16.11.08.

CIVILIZATION: Civilization at bottom is merely a mode of living together (*). The reason for men living together in a community is that each one, trying to satisfy his desires with the least effort, finds that in a community not only is there greater production through division of labor, but, even more important, the community is itself a market for the exchanges." - Frank Chororov, Civilization or Caveman Economy, in Fugitive Essays, p.101. - (*) & of leaving each other alone! - JZ

CIVILIZATION: Civilization can be judged by the value it places on human life." - Dagobert D. Runes, A Book of Contemplation, p.20.

CIVILIZATION: Civilization has always been a race between education and chaos." - H. G. Wells. - Territorial organisations did not represent civilization and education but, rather chaos, of a self-maintaining kind. Only a consistent voluntarism based on exterritorial autonomy, introduced through individual secessionism, can break up this chaos. - JZ, 2.5.94.

CIVILIZATION: Civilization is nothing else but the attempt to reduce force to being the last resort.” - Jose Ortega y Gasset – Moreover, its force is not that of total war or mass murder weapons against civilians. A rightful defensive war should be mainly reduced to a policing action against the real war criminals, the aggressive regime, not its victims, conscripts, and tax payers. – JZ, 13.11.08. – FORCE, COERCION, COMPULSION, VIOLENCE

CIVILIZATION: Civilization is the process of setting man free from man." - Ayn Rand, in O'Neill: Ayn Rand, p.46. - She should rather have said: from oppression by man or from territorial impositions by other men. For "society IS exchange", as Bastiat pointed out. All relationships between men are to be based on voluntarism, exchange and mutual tolerance, even in the sphere of actions, tolerant actions that is. - JZ, 2.5.94. – Under full exterritorial autonomy for communities of volunteers this ideal, every ideal that is at least temporarily practical, even at huge costs to the participants, can be realized and it may be required as a learning tool or method. – However, I hold that there should be no experimental freedom for people to fool around with ABC mass murder devices and with “peaceful” nuclear reactors, supposedly clean and harmless or with experiments to recreate the “Big Bang” conditions in very costly laboratory experiments, which might succeed beyond the expectations of their organizers. – JZ, 16.11.08.

CIVILIZATION: Civilization is the victory of persuasion over force", said Plato. One should add: Provided the objective is rational. To have persuaded the Athenians to adopt the Spartan constitution would not have been a victory. If someone had killed such a demagogue, before he could have succeeded, this might have preserved whatever civilization there was already. - JZ

CIVILIZATION: Civilization, too, has its earmarks, and the orderly disposition of property through the medium of deeds, leases, wills, and other contractual arrangements is not only an earmark of civilization but an absolute prerequisite." - Edward P. Scharfenberger, THE FREEMAN, Aug. 74. - The citizen contract between a government and an individual is all too often ignored in such remarks. - JZ, 2.5.94. – Here, too, “the good is the enemy of the best.” - MARKET, PROPERTY, CONTRACTS & INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM

CIVILIZATION: Civilized: Ramrod Straight For Freedom. - Standing unflinchingly for righteousness distinguishes a civilized man from a barbarian." – Leonard E. Read, Vision. – Rightenousness can mean quite unjustified intolerance – as long a all the genuine individual rights and liberties are not sufficiently defined and known through a corresponding declaration of human rights. – JZ, 9.11.10. . – RIGHTEOUSNESS, HUMAN RIGHTS, RIGHTS& LIBERTIES

CIVILIZATION: Continuing human survival and the attainment of civilization may merge into a single concept. Perhaps they already have. By this I mean that the continuation of our species may become impossible unless we stop acting like killer apes and begin to use the brains with which we were endowed." - LEFEVRE'S JOURNAL, Fall 75. - WAR, PEACE, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT.

CIVILIZATION: Countries are well cultivated, not as they are fertile, but as they are free." - Montesquieu. - COUNTRIES, GREATNESS, CULTURE, FREEDOM, DEVELOPMENT, STANDARD OF LIVING

CIVILIZATION: Exterritorial autonomy, first of all for all volunteers who are already sufficiently civilized, that is moral, reasonable and enlightened and thus correspondingly tolerant towards tolerant actions. They are to set up the civilizing examples for others to be followed. Their examples might be followed more rapidly and with greater success than the Westminster System was. - In other words, full individual liberty for all those already sufficiently grown up, mature and informed. That freedom would also pay them handsomely. Even if for no other reason, it would be imitated. - JZ, 2.5.94. - PANARCHISM, EXPERIENCE, EXPERIMENTATION, FREEDOM OF ACTION

CIVILIZATION: Freedom IS civilization." - Joan Marie Leonard, THE FREEMAN, 4/77, p. 249.

CIVILIZATION: History reveals to me that civilizations form and rise when freedom is the mode and decline with back-seat driving authoritarianism." - L. E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.38. - - “Civilizations rise and fall with rise and fall of freedom." - Read, ibid, XIII.

CIVILIZATION: How can one ever become a truly civilized man if one is almost continuously surrounded by savages? - JZ, 22.12.69.

CIVILIZATION: human development in its richest diversity." - Wilhelm v. Humboldt, quoted by J. St. Mill, on title page of ON LIBERTY. – The richest diversity cannot be provided territorially. – JZ, 9.11.10. - PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, PERSONAL LAW, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS

CIVILIZATION: I am devoted to Europe, or to be more precise ... civilization ... this word is pure and holy, while other words, 'folk', for example, or... yes, or 'glory', smell of blood..." - Isaiah Berlin, Russian Thinkers, p. 299, quoting Turgenev.

CIVILIZATION: I am not aware that any community has a right to force another to be civilized." - J. S. Mill, On Liberty. - Nobody is under obligation to be a gentleman or scientist or artist. He may, instead, be a boxer, wrestler or footballer. The main point is that all his actions wrong and harm at most himself and like-minded people. - JZ, 4.4.89. – PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, RIGHT TO MAKE MISTAKES

CIVILIZATION: I believe I've found the missing link between animal and civilized man. It is us. - Konrad Lorenz - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. - & MISSING LINK, JOKES

CIVILIZATION: I want them to go on being scum, if it's what they want. But they ..., everyone ..., should have the chance for something better. That's what civilization is all about. That's what I want." - W. R. Thompson, Outlaw, in ANALOG, 10/90, p. 169. - Choice, Chance, Panarchy.

CIVILIZATION: If civilization has an opposite, it is war." - Ursula K. Le Guin, The Left Hand of Darkness, 74. – WAR, BARBARISM, PRIMITIVISM

CIVILIZATION: If you are not prepared to use force to defend civilization, then be prepared to accept barbarism.” - Thomas Sowell. – As long as we do not allow dissenting individuals and minority groups to secede we are not yet sufficiently civilized and all too prepared to use wrongful force, i.e., we are still barbarians or tolerate this kind of barbarism. – JZ, 23.1.08. - DEFENCE AGAINST BARBARISM, WARFARE, TOTAL WAR, , DESERTION, PRISONER OF WAR TREATMENT, WAR AIMS

CIVILIZATION: In a word, the truly civilized person is a devotee of freedom; he opposes all man-concocted restraints against the release of creative human energy." – Leonard E. Read, Then Truth Will Out, p. 21. – If he is not a freedom advocate and practitioner then at least he ought to be a tolerant and voluntaristic panarchist, doing his things only to himself and like-minded people. E.g., we can go along peacefully with monks and nuns and communist-minded intentional community volunteers. – No enforced equality for all under one legal system, even if it is only that of a limited but still territorial government. – There are xyz varieties even of anarchism and libertarianism, not to speak of statism. To each his own choice, in this respect as well! – People have also the right not to be creative or even destructive, as far as their own energy and property is concerned. – Let them make their own mistakes – and suffer the consequences. - JZ, 16.11.08. – PANARCHISM, RIGHT TO MAKE MISTAKES, RIGHT TO RENOUNCE CERTAIN RIGHTS & LIBERTIES AS FAR AS THE OWN AFFAIRS ARE CONCERNED

CIVILIZATION: In the history of man, there have been a few civilized individuals but no civilized community, not one, ever."- W. H. Auden, I Believe, 19 Personal Philosophies, p.12. - Civilization cannot be built upon the basis of a coercive territorial monopoly. - Panarchy. - JZ, 2.5.95.

CIVILIZATION: Increased means and increased leisure are the two civilizers of man." - Benjamin Disreaeli, 1804-1881. – Freedom to pay in sound alternative exchange media and clearing certificates or other clearing methods are also foundation stones for genuine civilization. “Society IS exchange!” said Bastiat. – Nor are all the other individual rights and liberties of a complete and ideal declaration of individual rights superfluous. - JZ, 16.11.08.

CIVILIZATION: it is largely because civilization enables us constantly to profit from knowledge which we individually do not possess and because each individual's use of his particular knowledge may serve to assist others unknown to him in achieving their ends that men as members of civilized society can pursue their individual ends so much more successfully than they could alone.” - F. A. Hayek – If only we were already so free that we could already apply all our knowledge, alone or together with like-minded people. – The common experience with producer and consumer sovereignty has still to be applied to political, economic and social systems and their laws and organizations. – JZ, 23.1.08. – Even Hayek seemed to have lacked that awareness - except in the monetary sphere. – JZ, 13.11.08, - 9.11.10. - KNOWLEDGE, PANARCHISM

CIVILIZATION: John Stuart Mill argues this point persuasively in 'Representative Government'. He there points out that 'FREE INSTITUTIONS ADVANCE CIVILIZATION, BECAUSE THEY PROVIDE A FREE TESTING GROUND FOR THE ACTIVE SPIRIT.'" - Carl J. Friedrich, The New Belief in the Common Man, 146. - Alas, Friedrich, too, although a friend of Prof. Heinrich Rittershausen, who was a friend of Ulrich von Beckerath, did not advocate exterritorially autonomous, i.e., quite free institutions, for voluntary members. He stuck with the territorial and limited government model of democracies. The same applies to Dr. Walter Zander & to Henry Meulen, also long-term friends of Ulrich von Beckerath. Under present institutions for ideas, important ideas are not even sufficiently communicated between close friends, even when they are all very intelligent people. That is what makes institutions like an Ideas Archive and an Encyclopaedia of the Best Refutations of Popular Errors, Myths and Prejudices - and a Complete Freedom Library on CD-ROMs, as well as a comprehensive handbook on monetary freedom - so very important for the advancement of civilization. Not even advocates of degrees of monetary freedom have so far managed to enlighten each other sufficiently on this subject, largely because most of its literature is not accessible and not even mentioned in reference works. They actually refuse to participate in a comprehensive enlightenment effort on the subject - by wanting to rely largely on their own and limited knowledge, or that of a few and want to confine themselves to popular writings. - That is not the way to advance the science of society or of money or general enlightenment. If it were, we might as well burn all large or special libraries. Databanks and scholarly publications do have their uses and values - even though they may never be popular. - JZ, 1.10.02. - FREEDOM, PROGRESS, PANARCHISM

CIVILIZATION: Let us start a civilization where no intelligence is wasted or suppressed. - JZ, 1977. - INTELLIGENCE, GENIUS, TALENTS, IDEAS ARCHIVE, SUPER COMPUTER CLUB PROJECT, CD-PROJECT

CIVILIZATION: Liberty, wherever applied, has proved a benefit to the race; furthermore, the most important steps in human progress would have been impossible without it; and if civilization is to advance, that advance can come only as a result of a broader and more complete freedom in all human relations.” - Sprading, Liberty & the Great Libertarians, p.12.

CIVILIZATION: Men become civilized, not in proportion to their willingness to believe, but in the proportion to their readiness to doubt." - H. L. Mencken, quoted in L. J. Peter, The Peter Plan, p.32. - DOUBT, BELIEF, FAITH, CHRISTIANITY, RELIGION

CIVILIZATION: people will usually choose civilization if they have the choice." - Hayek, The Fatal Conceit, p.134. - If they want anything else, let them have it, but only among themselves and at their risk and expense. - JZ, 2.5.94.

CIVILIZATION: Sigmund Freud observed that the measure of civilization is the distance man comes to keep from his excrement. Or on a reverse paraphrase: by the proximity he keeps to what has issues from the minds and hearts and lives of other men." - Robert J. Kalthoff, in MICROGRAPHICS South Australia, 10.11.78, p. 12. - Insert, instead of: "what …": "the best that has been issued" ... Otherwise, they still keep too close to their shitty prejudices and remain, thus, barbarians. - JZ, 15.1.79.

CIVILIZATION: Struggle for existence is not progress but retrogression. Civilization is a constant moderating of this struggle for existence." - H. G. Pearce, GOOD GOVERNMENT, 2/77. - BARBARISM, STRUGGLE FOR EXISTENCE, DARWINISM

CIVILIZATION: Territorial governments are the greatest coercive and monopolistic and destructive forces that are organised against any true civilization or free society." - JZ, 2.5.94.

CIVILIZATION: The best test of the standard of civilization, to quote Acton again, is the provision that is made for minorities."- G. P. Gooch, Dictatorship in Theory and Practice, p.38.

CIVILIZATION: The civilization of the bomb throwers?” – Hans Habe, Leben fuer den Journalismus, Band 1, Reportagen und Gespraeche, Knaur, 1976, S., S. 199. - BOMBS, AIR RAIDS, SUICIDE BOMBERS, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

CIVILIZATION: The essential characteristic of Western civilization that distinguishes it from the arrested and petrified civilizations of the East was and is its concern for freedom from the State. The history of the West, from the age of the Greek city State down to the present-day resistance to socialism, is essentially the history of the fight for liberty against the encroachments of the officeholders." - Prof. Ludwig von Mises. – Alas, he did not advocate secession from them and full exterritorial autonomy for secessionists of all kind. We need full freedom of choice to advance as far as we can and want to. – JZ, 9.11.10.

CIVILIZATION: The fundamental social value in Western civilization is individual liberty." - Rev. Edmund Opitz, THE FREEMAN, 12/75. – A complete and ideal declaration of individual rights and liberties is long overdue. The governmental ones are all too flawed and incomplete. – It, combined with an ideal militia organization for its defence, full monetary and financial freedom and panarchism, might become the great civilizing forces. – Without them we might perish in the ultimate general holocaust through the mass murder devices of territorialism. - JZ, 16.11.08.

CIVILIZATION: the greatest problem of the future is civilizing the human race; but we know that already.” - Arthur C. Clarke, Profiles of the Future, Book Club Associates, London, 1983, 177. – Civilizing its institutions, building them upon individual rights and liberties rather than upon territorial power, may be enough to improve the behavior of most men, gradually to fast, into that of truly civilized human beings. We are as much captives of territorial institutions as are e.g. convicts in maximum security prisons and conscripts in the armed forces. As victims of such coercive institutions they are, as a rule, not improved as human beings. The liberating political institutions that would fit the diverse human natures and inclinations and civilize their members, as fast as possible for human beings, have mostly still to be established. They would have to be the very opposite of the territorial power institutions. They would have to be freely chosen by their members to have the maximum positive, i.e., enlightening and progress promoting effects upon them – and the outside observers of them. Religions and ethical theories can only change man so far. Institutional changes are required and these institutions should be optional for all human beings aggressors and other criminals with victims excepted. – Territorial institutions with compulsory memberships and subordination bring out the worst in all too many. Exterritorially autonomous institutions with voluntary membership tend to bring out the best in everybody. – Nevertheless, most people are still blind to this alternative, although they act already daily as panarchist in much of their private lives. – In public affairs panarchism or polyarchism is as much required as it is privately and it will have the same progress, enlightenment, peace and wealth promoting results. - JZ, 29.9.07. - HUMAN RACE & ITS INSTITUTIONS, EXTERRITORIAL VS. TERRITORIAL, VOLULTARY VS. COERCIVE ONES

CIVILIZATION: the highest civilization, materially and in character, has as a matter of fact been developed when there has been the most individualism." - Bliss, Encyclopaedia of Social Reform, quoting the Biological Argument.

CIVILIZATION: The more perfect civilization is, the less occasion has it for government, because the more does it regulate its own affairs, and govern itself; ..." – Thomas Paine, Common Sense. – Was there ever any justification or real need for an imposed territorial government? – JZ, 9.11.10. - SCHISM, PANARCHISM, TERRITORIALISM, RULERS, GOVERNMENT

CIVILIZATION: The real question is not where civilization began, but - when will it?” – Vivian F. Rausch, SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN REVIEW, 7/76 (II/11).

CIVILIZATION: The recognition of this truth makes it clear that the reform proposed is not a minor technicality of finance but a crucial issue which may decide the fate of free civilization. What is proposed here seems to me the only discernible way of completing the market order and freeing it from its main defect and the cause of the chief reproaches directed against it." – F. A. Hayek, Denationalization of Money, p.100. & MONETARY FREEDOM

CIVILIZATION: The test of civilization is the estimate of woman. Among savages she is a slave. In the dark ages of Christianity she is a toy and a sentimental goddess. With increasing moral light, and greater liberty, and more universal justice, she begins to develop as an equal human being.” - George William Curtis – At least in some primitive, savage or barbaric tribes women had considerable rights. Supposedly civilized societies treated them as second class human beings for all too long. – JZ, 13.11.08. – WOMEN

CIVILIZATION: The timid, civilized world has found nothing with which to oppose the onslaught of a sudden revival of barefaced barbarity, other than concessions and smiles.” - Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn – How to conduct a defensive war in a civilized way was never sufficiently explored and practised. Thus and all too often they became barbaric and total wars or organized mass murders. – JZ, 13.11.08. – , DIPLOMACY, APPEASEMENT OF TOTALITARIAN REGIMES, EVEN THOSE PREPARING FOR NUCLEAR WAR, BARBARISM

CIVILIZATION: The true civilization is where every man gives to every other every right that he claims for himself." - R. G. Ingersoll, Interview, WASHINGTON POST, 14 Nov., 1880. - RIGHTS, HUMAN RIGHTS, INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS, TOLERANCE, GOLDEN RULE

CIVILIZATION: Transportation is civilization” - said R. Kipling. (With the Night Mail, 1908.) - Don't monopolise it! Whosoever licences transportation tries to licence civilization. - JZ 74. – It is no more than part of it, as are communication, tools, languages, natural sciences. The “social sciences” have not yet reached a civilized, moral and reasonable stage. – JZ, 29.1.13.

CIVILIZATION: Uncivilized country: One in which you can safely leave your house unlocked." - CHANGING TIMES.

CIVILIZATION: We live in a changing world about which our knowledge is incomplete, and we are finding that the key to civilization is not technology but wisdom." – Leonard E. Read, Talking to Myself, 26. - I admired him in many respects - but he was not informed or wise enough to see beyond the limited framework of a single "limited" but still territorial government for all people in a "country" or "nation" or "federation". I have never seen him replying to Spencer's "Right to Ignore the State". - JZ, 2.5.94.

CIVILIZATION: Western civilization is not moribund as a result of the failure of its social organisation; (*) it is far more probably moribund through the failure of the individual to assert his resistance to organisation of an irresponsible kind." - Alex Comfort, quoted in Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.587. - (*) An organisation based on a territorial monopoly is neither social nor civilized but makes for violence and coercion. Individual secessionism is perhaps the most important act of resistance, - if combined with competition from exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers, and the protection of individual rights by ideal militia forces organized and motivated in accordance with these liberties. Every other political, policing and military form of organisation is of an irresponsible kind. - - JZ, 2.5.94, 1.10.02. – PANARCHY, HUMAN RIGHTS, MILITIA

CIVILIZATION: What is the opposite of Utopia?" - Hell? - "No, not hell - civilization!" - Robert Frost, in August 1944, to an audience at Bread Loaf. - Compare what Kant said on the value of utopias as drafts for a free society. - JZ 2.5.94. – We might arrive at a genuine civilization only through the free and tolerant practice of all kinds of utopias – among their adherents only. – JZ, 16.11.08. – PANARCHISM, TOLERANCE, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM,

CIVILIZATION: Whatever fosters militarism makes for barbarism; whatever fosters peace makes for civilization." - Herbert Spencer.

CIVILIZATION: When civilization gets civilized again, I'll rejoin." - Dean Owen, End of the World, p. 21. – Was it ever, as yet? – JZ, 29.1.13.

CIVILIZATION: While scholars tend to refer to the emergence of the city and the beginning of urban living as the advent of 'civilization', I do not. To me, civilized life depends on freedom, on peace, on voluntary exchange, on the use of reason and understanding whether one lives in city apartment, suburban dwelling, or rural farm. We can no longer afford the luxury of fighting wars to obtain peace, nor of enslaving some so that others can be free." - LEFEVRE'S JOURNAL, Fall 75. - I hold that tyrants ought to be executed or enslaved - so that their victims can be freed. - A fight against a tyrant does not require a war. On the contrary, it must absolutely avoid a war against "his" country, "his" nation, "his" people, or even against his system or ideology, by aiming at full exterritorial autonomy for all volunteers, provided only they have not been mass murderers. And even then, in an age of ABC mass murder devices, one might have to grant such beasts of prey, in human form, amnesty, anonymity & protection, if they surrender at least one ABC mass murder device. - JZ, 1.10.02. – Ulrich von Beckerath used to remark that full monetary freedom could come to spread from a single village where it is free to be experimented with for a sufficient period. However, a comprehensive monetary freedom revolution might be easier to organize in a large city which has hundred-thousands of unemployed or millions of inflation victims – just before another election. Then the contending parties may not dare to suppress these self-help experiments but rather jump on the band wagon. – JZ, 16.11.08.

CIVILIZATION: You can't say civilization isn't advancing, in every war they kill you in a new way.” - Will Rogers, American humorist (1879-1935) – WAR, JOKES

CLAIMS: Libertarians do not recognize any claims on individuals by their fellow men; all persons may hence do what they will if it does not violate other's rights." - Libertarian Handbook 1973.

CLAIMS: We also reject the idea that people have an enforceable claim on others, for anything more than being left alone. A libertarian society would have no welfare, no social security system. People who wished to aid others would do so voluntarily through private charity, instead of using money collected by force from the taxpayers. People who wished to provide for their old age would do so through private insurance." - David Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, XIII. - Why do so many overlook the alternatives of credit and mutual aid arrangements on a contractual or voluntary community basis? - JZ, 2.5.94. – Under personal laws and full experimental freedom, including exterritorial autonomy, all kinds of self-help methods for individuals and volunteers do become possible and are likely to become experimented with. Then, I very much doubt, that the trend would be to a single territorial “welfare” State. – JZ, 6.11.08.

CLASS & LIBERTIES: I know no class of my fellowmen, however just, enlightened, and humane, which can be wisely and safely trusted absolutely with the liberties of any other class. – Frederick Douglas – in  – POLITICIANS, BUREAUCRATS, REPRESENTATIVES, RULERS, TERRITORIALISM

CLASS HATRED: You cannot bring about the brotherhood of man by encouraging class hatred." - Abraham Lincoln. - The very fact that quite a number of such sayings are reinvented, after a while, with sometimes considerable time-gaps in-between, indicates, that no sufficiently comprehensive collection of such sayings has as yet been compiled or published. - JZ, 2.5.94.

CLASS HATRED: You cannot further the brotherhood of man by encouraging class hatred." - From a 1942 leaflet by the Committee for Constitutional Government. - Quoted in Seldes, The Great Quotations. – HATE, BROTHERHOOD, SELF-MANAGEMENT, COOPERATIVE PRODUCTION, INDIVIDUAL & GROUP SECESSIONISM, PANARCHISM

CLASS INTERESTS: Men of noble birth are noted to be envious towards new men when they rise. For the distance is altered, and it is like a deceit of the eye, that when others come on they think themselves go back.” - Francis Bacon - NOBILITY, FAME, REPUTATION FEAR OF & HATRED FOR COMPETITORS, STATUS, ENVY

CLASS ROOM: One student should not learn at the expense of another, not should the success for one student imply failure for another." - Everett Reimer, The School Is Dead, p.89. – Without compulsory education and government subsidies the wrong type of teachers and pupils would not be forced together in the same class rooms. Class rooms might then even be largely done away with, except the large halls required to apply e.g. the Joseph Lancaster system to 1000 pupils at a time, employing division of labour, self-management, self-teaching and self-learning methods. – Electronic teaching and learning methods do also open up xyz new options. - JZ, 16.11.08. EDUCATION, SCHOOLS

CLASS RULE: Rulers are the only class to be feared and fought! - JZ, 20.6.80. – RULE, RULERS, TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS

CLASS RULE: The history of the past and present alike proves beyond a doubt that if there is, or ever was any large class, from whom society needed to be saved, it is those same rulers who have been placed in absolute charge of the lives and destinies of their fellow men." - Clarence Darrow, Resist Not Evil. - Quoted in Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, 354. - RULERS, LEADERSHIP, POLITICIANS, POWER, STATE, GOVERNMENT, INDIVIDUAL & GROUP SECESSIONISM

CLASS STRUGGLE: The class struggle was played out between members of the same class." - Wilhelm Reich, Menschen im Staat, 133, on the street fighting between Nazis and Communists.

CLASS WARFARE & WAR: Class warfare is even more wrongful and senseless as well as more bloody than most other wars are. Last century it cost over 200 million lives. But some people are, obviously, unable to learn anything form history or from the better texts on economics. – JZ, 31.1.11, in comment to Profile pictures, which had offered the slogan: “No war but class warfare” on a red and black background. - 

CLASS WARFARE: Class warfare isn't any better than national, religious or racial warfare. - JZ, 22.6.95, 2.4.94.

CLASS WARFARE: In twentieth-century democracy, we have eliminated the class aspect of the problem, by moving almost all Americans into the great middle class, but we are still endeavouring to live at the expense of one another." - G. C. Roche III, Frederic Bastiat, A Man Alone, p.227.

CLASS WARFARE: The hypothesis of class warfare may have inspired its adherents to kill, oppress and exploit more people than were ever actually killed, oppressed and exploited in previous historical clashes between groups with conflicting interests. - JZ, 7.12.91, 2.5.94.

CLASS: I now propose to find out whether there is any class in society which lies under the duty and burden of fighting the battles of life for any other class, or of solving social problems for the satisfaction of any other class; also, whether there is any class which has the right to formulate demands on 'society' - that is, on other classes; also, whether there is anything but a fallacy and a superstition in the notion that 'the State' owes anything to anybody except peace, order, and the guarantees of rights." -  W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe To Each Other, p.11. - As if it were able and willing to deliver the latter services. - JZ, 2.5.94.

CLASS: In this country, unlike Russia, where the Communist Party has attained that status, the doctrine of an omniscient upper class is without force, and the necessary cooperation must be gained by suasion." - Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, "The International Scene", p. 344. - As if there were not also a class of lawmakers and bureaucratic law breakers and administrators, on the back of their victims. - JZ, 2.5.94. - Also one of tax payers and one of tax consumers. - JZ

CLASS: It seems more reasonable to suppose that there is no ruling class, that we are ruled, rather, by a myriad of quarrelling gangs, constantly engaged in stealing from each other to the great impoverishment of their own members as well as the rest of us." - D. Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, p. 211. His kind of Machinery for Freedom! – JZ – TERRITORIALISM, GOVERNMENTS, WARFARE STATES VS. INDIVIDUAL CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY, VOLUNTARISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY, PANARCHISM, RICH, WEALTH, CAPITALISM, CONSPIRACY, WELFARE STATE, PLUNDERBUND, CLASS WARFARE? RULING CLASS?.

CLASS: Now, if there are groups of people who have a claim to other people's labor and self-denial, and if there are other people whose labor and self-denial are liable to be claimed by the first groups, then there certainly are 'classes', and classes of the oldest and most vicious type. For a man who can command another man's labor and self-denial for the support of his own existence is a privileged person of the highest species conceivable on earth. Princes and paupers meet on this plane, and no other men are on it..." - W. G. Sumner, What Social Classes Owe To Each Other, 14/15. – TAX SLAVERY, WELFARE STATE

CLASS: Perhaps his (Veblen's) greatest merit, as author Heilbronner makes clear, was that he saw the one great truth Marx never saw; the 'working class' had no real desire to rebel against the bourgeoisie but wanted to become more like it." - TIME MAGAZINE, in a review of The Worldly Philosophers, by Robert L. Heilbronner. - PROLETARIAT, WORKERS, MARX, BOURGEOISIE

CLASS: Since government departments and local authorities now employ millions, we are in two quite distinct classes, those who issue forms and those who have to fill them up." - Sir Ernest Benn, The State the Enemy, 116. - If on top of this slave labour, I did not have to pay and obey them that much, I would not mind this so much. - JZ, 2.5.94. – Those who pass and administer the territorial laws and institutions and those who are forced to abide by them. – Let dissenting individuals and minorities groups secede and do their own things, exterritorially autonomous! – JZ, 16.11.08.

CLASS: Tax-payers & Tax-consumers." - La Red, p.83. (By S. Blankertz?)

CLASS: The danger is not that a particular class is unfit to govern. Every class is unfit to govern." (*) - Lord Acton, Letter to Mary Gladstone, April 24, 1881. – (*) territorially! – JZ, 9.11.10. - GOVERNMENT, RULERS, TERRITORIALISM VS. PANARCHISM, CONSENT,VOLUNTARISM

CLASS: The greatest mistake made in regard to the matter now under consideration, is the notion that class is naturally hostile to class, and that the wealthy and the workmen are intended by nature to live in mutual conflict. So irrational and so false is this view, that the direct contrary is the truth." - Pope Leo XIII, Rerum Novarum, May 15, 1891. – PRODUCTIVE COOPERATIVES, SELF-MANAGEMENT VS. EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP, WORKERS, BOSSES

CLASS: The ignorant classes are the dangerous classes." - Henry Ward Beecher, Proverbs from Plymouth Pulpit. – As if large degrees of ignorance and prejudice were not present in every “class”. – JZ, 21.7.13. - IGNORANCE, ENLIGHTENMENT, IDEAL DECLARATION OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

CLASS: the U.S. is developing into a rigid class society, with two major classes: producers and parasites... there are now more people on the government pay rolls and relief rolls than there are employed in business and industry." – SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 12/76. – The tax payers and other victims of wrongful laws and institutions are not yet suitably armed, trained and organized, nor sufficiently informed about their individual rights and liberties, to uphold them effectively, best by simply seceding from the rulers and other parasites. – JZ, 16.11.08. -TAX STRIKE, EXPLOITATION, TAXATION, WELFARE STATE, BUREAUCRACY, INDIVIDUAL SECESSIONISM, VOLUNTARY TAXATION, MILITIA, HUMAN RIGHTS DECLARATION

CLASS: The world is divided into two classes, into those who believe the unbelievable and those who do the improbable." – Oscar Wilde. – Are quite free and rightful actions really so improbable for our future? – JZ, 16.11.08. - TRUE BELIEVERS, BELIEF, INNOVATORS, DOERS, REFORMERS, PANARCHISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY.

CLASS: They call him CLASS-CONSCIOUS: He has no class, and everyone is conscious of it." - Safian II, p. 185, on nicknames. - RED

CLASSES: There are two distinct classes of men . . . those who pay taxes and those who receive and live upon taxes. - Thomas Paine - - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. – VOLUNTARY VS. COMPULSORY TAXATION, TRIBUTES OR CONTRIBUTIONS

CLASSES: Classes are not the products of freedom. – JZ, 15.11.11. - CLASS SOCIETY

CLASSES: The danger is not that a particular class is unfit to govern. Every class is unfit to govern. - Lord Acton  - Roy Halliday, Quotations with an Attitude, online. – However, the volunteers of every class do have the right to govern themselves, exterritorially, as much or as little as they like. – JZ, 23.3.12.

CLASSIFICATION OF BOOKS IN LIBRARIES & IDEAS: Ideas, especially new ones, get lost in the general subject matters, until they are separately listed, abstracted and discussed, in their best wordings, and easily retrievable. These alternative and best wordings do usually not fit clearly into any particular classification scheme or can be easily retrieved from it. The richer in ideas a book is, the more misleading become its general classification in most systems. Even annual social science abstracts bypass many important ideas and are, alas, not accumulative, either. Ideas descriptions and references to their sources ought to become accumulative and alphabetical, using all the synonyms that are common in any developed language, so that their retrieval and further discussion becomes easier. Nor should such accumulation be monopolised, e.g. by professional academics. They represent only a fraction of the creative potential of man. - JZ, 2.5.94. - IDEAS ARCHIVE, INDEXING, BIBLIOGRAPHIES, SLOGANS FOR LIBERTY, ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF REFUTATIONS, LIBERTARIAN ABSTRACTS

CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS: Thomas Friedman, The Lexus and the Olive Tree, p.438, Harper Collins Publishers, ISBN 0 00 655139 4, offers a matrix of his own, which he advances only for “globalization”: On top of his cross for his divisions are the Let-Them-Eat Cakers and at the bottom are the Social-Safety-Netters. At the left he places the Separatists and at the right the Integrationists. Between the Let-Them-Eat Cakers and the Separatists he places Ross Perot. – Between the Let-Them-Eat Cakers and the Integrationists he locates Newt Gingrich. – Between the Separatists and the Social-Safety-Netters he puts Dick Gephardt and he positioned Bill Clinton between the Integrationists and the Social-Safety-Netters. - I have made a collection of various classification systems that I found. As an individual collection it is, inevitably, still quite incomplete. I think it should be put online and supplemented by others with the ones they designed or found. It would help us to understand the variety of political, economic and social systems. Perhaps some collection of them is already online somewhere? – I haven’t got the time and energy to search for it. – If we had already a libertarian Ideas Archive … Or if we had already a libertarian projects list online … But anarchists and libertarians are still chaoists, in not being sufficiently organized and coordinated at least in such ways with their numerous dispersed and largely isolated efforts. - JZ, 14.9.08.

CLASSIFICATION: The less a person understands another (*), the greater is his urge to classify him (**) - in terms of nationality, religion, occupation or psychiatric status." - Thomas Szasz, Heresies, p.46. - (*) anything, (**) it. - JZ - GENERALISATIONS, ABSTRACTIONS

CLASSLESS SOCIETY: And in Tanzania as in the West, the goal of a classless society has resulted in a greatly enlarged bureaucracy and heavy taxation on the energetic and innovative members of society." - Betty Noble, in GOOD GOVERNMENT, 8/76. – As somebody else said, somewhere, some time: We have now got two new classes: the tax payers and the tax consumers. – JZ, 9.11.10. – WELFARE STATE, TAXATION

CLEANING UP THE STATE? If it be argued that we must let bygones be bygone, see what can be done toward cleaning up the institution of the State, so that it might be useful in the maintenance of orderly existence, the answer is that it cannot be done; you cannot clean up a brothel and yet leave the business intact. We have been voting for one 'good government' after another, and what have we got?" - Frank Chodorov, Out of Step, p.48. - - Not yet its limitation to voluntary members and to exterritorial autonomy only. - JZ, 1.10.02. – PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, SECESSIONISM, LIMITED GOVERNMENT, TERRITORIALISM, EXTERRITORIAL AUTONOMY FOR VOLUNTEERS

CLEARING: A clearing certificate expresses a monetized clearing relationship. All money tokens, even gold coins, are, essentially, merely the physical embodiment of a clearing process. With this it is not denied that gold coins have a greater material value than slips of paper have. But why use them as clearing certificates when paper clearing certificates can be very cheaply mass produced – to the extent that they are needed or useful? – JZ, 16.2.07, 25.10.07, 13.11.08. - CLEARING CERTIFICATES & MONEY TOKENS, GOLD COINS

CLEARING: A man who can properly clear his own labor services and products against those he wants, is no longer unemployed. His danger would rather be over-employment - since the wants of most men are rather unlimited. – JZ, 7.8.75 - JZ file: Unemployment incomplete comb of old files - & EMPLOYMENT

CLEARING: Although, theoretically, the sound discounting process could be supplied very cheaply under the Real Bills Doctrine, significant interest rates should be charged, to speed up the repayment or clearing of its short term turnover loans, granted with newly issued notes or clearing certificates on the basis of short term securities representing goods sold but not yet paid for. Should an excess of interest income develop, from this business, then, at least in a cooperative note-issuing bank or clearing centre, the charges could either become gradually reduced or, better still, the excess should be distributed especially among those, who were punctual or even faster in the repayment of their loans or in their clearing of these debts. That would speed up the reflux of the exchange media or clearing certificates so issued and thus all the more ensure their par-value in general circulation. – Interest-free loans for all are not the optimum in this sphere, either. – One of the numerous proposals by Ulrich von Beckerath, 1882-1969. I once counted more than 200 of them, before I gave up. - JZ, 29.10.07. – THEY SHOULD CHARGE INTEREST OR COMMISSIONS FOR THEIR SERVICES, FREE BANKING, MONETARY FREEDOM, ISSUE TECHNIQUE BANKNOTES UNDER THE REAL BILLS DOCTRINE, & DISCOUNTING CENTERS

CLEARING: Clearing does no more require cash or rare metal cover or redemption than any barter transaction does. It is an advanced form of barter. And so are all advanced forms of monetary freedom, with their “ticket monies”, “goods warrants”, “service vouchers”, “credit notes”, “IOU’s” etc. with e.g. “shop foundation” – JZ, 16.9.98. - COVER, SECURITY, BACKING FOR MONEY & CLEARING? GOLD STOCK, METAL REDEMPTIONISM, FOREIGN EXCHANGE & GOVERNMENT SECURITIES AS COVER?

CLEARING: For free internal and external clearing transactions one does not need gold coins or the right to demand gold coins or bullion but merely a free gold market, well publicized, free coinage, freedom to own gold and freedom of contract to use gold as value standard for one’s goods, labor and other services and freedom to use gold clauses in insurance, and credit contracts and in medium and long term securities, promising gold value dividends or repayments with interest. People should be free to pay in gold when they do have it but should not be forced to supply it when they don’t have any or not enough. Freedom to exchange, reckoning or accounting in gold weight values is enough. It is even better, e.g. because it is not limited by the metallic redemption obligation or the authority of creditors to demand payment in gold coins. Paper certificates not redeemable in gold but, immediately, in wanted consumer goods and services, rents, and other debts, e.g. wages, priced in gold weight values, are as good as gold, although, by themselves, materially valueless. But even the risk-free gold clearing standard should not be imposed but should just be allowed to exist, as one of many options, under full freedom in the choice of value standards. When gold clearing certificates in other countries get a discount they will all the faster return to those who issued them and have to redeem them at their full nominal gold weight value in their export goods and services. They would thus and quite automatically help to restore the balance of trade and payments between multiple participants, without any bureaucratic administration and controls. Exports would then clearly pay for imports and imports would lead to corresponding exports. – JZ, n.d. & 26.10.07 – CLEARNING IN INTERNAL & EXTERNAL TRADING, GOLD VALUE RECKONING OR ACCOUNTING, FOREIGN EXCHANGE CONTROLS, PROTECTIONISM VS. FREE TRADE

CLEARING: Free clearing is not only rightful, useful and possible locally but, in ever-widening circles, also country-wide, continent-wide and world-wide, as long as no law, regulation or government action gets in its way. Apart from the different transport costs involved and the artificial political and economic blockages and the relatively few remaining communications or language difficulties, one should be able to freely buy and sell world-wide, with payments by clearing, rather than in national monopoly currencies and claims against them. There is not inherent limit to the number of goods and service exchange that could be settled by clearing, as long as one or various sound enough value standards are agreed upon and while value standards are freely market-rated against each other. Genuinely free clearing, of due or soon due debts can never act inflationary or deflationary. How much more could and would be freely exchanged, country- and world-wide if free clearing were utilized to its full potential? Naturally, capital and profit flow as well as interest rates for any credits should also be market determined. Moreover, whole system of compulsory taxation, licensing and regulations, wage, price and rent controls, fixes exchange rates etc.  should be done away with for all but their voluntary victims. – JZ, n.d. & 19.9.08.

CLEARING: Free clearing, not free barter, can fully employ all people and make them prosperous and independent. - JZ, 27.7.83. - During mass unemployment any unemployed who tries to barter his labour for all the goods and services he requires, finds himself very soon in difficulties. He will be forced to labour very hard and long and will still achieve only a few of those exchanges which monetary and clearing freedom would have made possible for him. - JZ, 2.5.94. - BARTER & MONETARY EXCHANGES

CLEARING: In a complete clearing economy every deception will inevitably be discovered. - K. Z., n.d.

CLEARING: Let us clear all our present and future due debts through what we have to offer now and then, in the form of wanted goods, services and labor, using sound value standards. That would makes us at least somewhat independent of the monetary despotism of central banks and its monopoly money. – JZ, 14.3.12. - DEBT PAYMENTS, ABILITY TO PAY, MONETARY FREEDOM

CLEARING: Mere clearing of due debts will obviously neither inflate nor deflate a currency consisting out of clearing certificates but will merely settle mutually due debts. Provided only a sound value standard is used, which need not be present in e.g. metallic form. The current quotes or prices at a free gold market would be sufficient. Under fully free clearing, combined with free choice of value standards, neither inflation nor deflation will occur. – JZ, 26.5.05, 30.10.07. Price, wages and other contracts will go on being reckoned in stable value units and there is no inherent limit to the number and kind of free exchanges that can be settled by a perfect clearing system. Here, too, the quantity theory does not apply, although it does to over-issued legal tender money. – JZ, 13.11.08. - & STABLE VALUE STANDARDS

CLEARING: Notes can be cleared against each other only to the extent that they can be used in payments against each other. This excludes notes based on the value of real estate - going beyond current rents or current instalment payments for it. - JZ 3.6.87. - Only due debts can be cleared. The time element should never be ignored. Or, as Ulrich von Beckerath put it, current goods and services cannot be cleared against future ones except through the bridging process of timed investments. - JZ, 2.5.94.

CLEARING: Remove all restrictions upon all honest and sound clearing transactions. Especially the legal, regulatory and juridical ones, e.g. on the issue and use of clearing house certificates of all kinds, on the used of cheques and bills in money denominations but obliging only their issuers to accept them at par with their nominal values. Allow all people to engage in and clear their debts using value standards of their own free choice. They are bound to choose then, for themselves and soon, better ones than most governments are able or willing to offer in our times. Remove the right of creditors to demand from their debtors payment in any kind of exclusive currency – unless they have contractually obliged themselves to deliver it. (Then they must carry the risks of such dealings in futures.) Allow, instead, all debtors to settle their debts through all forms of clearing, up to the agreed upon-value of their debts, even if this means they could settle it only with sufficiently discounted service and supply obligation certificates, transferable and in monetary denominations, that they would issue themselves, at discount rates agreed upon between the debtors and creditors. In this way they could at least settle immediate or soon due and relatively small debts. Larger once would have to be transformed into longer term ones, to be gradually repaid in installments, in such clearing certificates issued by the debtor. People quite unable to pay their debts in any exclusive and forced government currency are often quite able to pay them in this way, to their own advantage and that of their creditors. – JZ, 10.2.97, 28.9.08. – CLEARING, FREE & COMPREHENSIVE

CLERGY: A clergyman is a man who undertakes the management of our spiritual affairs as a method of bettering his financial affairs." - Source?

CLERGY: A clergyman, too, begins to shrink and shrivel on analysis; the work he does in the world is basically almost indistinguishable from that of an astrologer, a witch-doctor or a fortune-teller. He pretends falsely that he can get sinners out of hell, and collects money from them on that promise, tacit or expressed. If he had to go before a jury with that pretension it would probably go hard with him. But we do not send him before a jury, we grant him his hocus-pocus on the ground that it is necessary to his office, and that his office is necessary to civilization, so-called." - H. L. Mencken, Prejudices, 4th Series, p.135.

CLERGY: Give the clergy your sympathy; don't give them anything else." - From the collection "Heavenly Humor", p.145.

CLERGY: The first clergyman was the first sly rogue who encountered the first fool." - Voltaire. - PRIESTS, PREACHERS, CHURCH, RELIGION, FAITH, BELIEFE, SKY PILOTS

CLERGY: To a philosophic eye the vices of the clergy are far less dangerous than their virtues." - Edward Gibbon, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, I, 1776. – Virtues, dogmas or articles of faith? – JZ, 16.11.08. - CHRISTIANITY, CHURCH, FAITH, RELIGION

CLERGYMAN: A man who undertakes the management of our spiritual affairs as a method of bettering his temporal ones.” – Ambrose Bierce, The Devil’s Dictionary.

CLERKS: Of all the damnable waste of human life that ever was invented, clerking is the very worst." - Bernard Shaw, Misalliance, p. 70. - If my memory serves me right, he was forced, by circumstances, to work ca. 3 years in a clerical job and saved his sanity and improved his style by forcing himself to write ca. 5 pages a day. Moreover, he engaged in street corner oratory. I was miserable for much longer in various jobs but lucky to some extent by being able to use part of the 8 hour chores a day, and often overtime hours, to think for myself, take some notes, discuss at every opportunity and sometimes even to read. I minimised travel times and, apart from family obligations, the rest of my time was largely my own. Then, at 53, I took early retirement, with unpaid leave and extended leave and accumulated leave doubled up, at half pay and retired at 55 with a minimal pension to enjoy what Shaw called elsewhere: "Freedom is leisure" - and a degree of what Goethe called: “Freedom is the possibility to do under all circumstances that what is reasonable." While more money and more space would help, time is still much more important, and with age, health. - JZ, 2.5.94.

CLONING: Governments must outlaw cloning of human beings!” - Why, are you afraid that someone would be silly enough to produce a second you? Making a copy of yourself and this without your permission? – JZ, 20.4.01. – Would it not be great if we could clone really great people or do we ever have too many of them? – JZ, 23.10.07. – Certainly, no one should be cloned or otherwise rejuvenated against his will. (Robert Heinlein made a good case for this in his description of the life of Lazarus Long.) Most importantly, through clones of ourselves we could live, perhaps, several life spans and tackle really long-term tasks, wearing out one body after the other, provided that our interests would not change and the accumulated knowledge of our physically identical predecessors could be stored and communicated to the new brains. – So far robot bodies and brains might still be more suitable for this. - JZ, 13.11.08. - CLONING OF HUMAN BEINGS, :

CLONING: Those people not worth multiplying by cloning want to outlaw the cloning of those who are. – JZ, 16.3.98. – Not only doubling or multiplying individuals is involved but simply their continuance, when their bodies wear out. And the techniques used can also lead to genuine rejuvenation, growing one organ after the other anew, perhaps even renewing brain cells without additional memory losses. I have no fear of but only hopes for such developments – as long as the processes are not monopolized by our territorial rulers. We should get rid of them rather than make cloning available to them. – JZ, 13.11.08.

CLONING: Would it be so disastrous for the world - if there were two of you? Naturally, you wouldn't have given your consent. Therefore, this would not happen. So what is your complaint or your fear? Are you so afraid of competition by better men and of the doubling of the better men? - JZ, 1.6.01, 30.1.02. - ON ARGUMENTS AGAINST OR PREVENTION ATTEMPTS

CLOSED SHOP: Fourth, proscribe the closed shop absolutely. Trade unionism can never be anything but a tyranny as long as a man can be conscripted into it. To the old self-serving claim that no one ought to enjoy the benefits of union action unless he is a member, the instructed non-unionist will reply 'What benefits?'" - Arthur Shenfield, in Dr. Rhodes Boyson, editor, 1985, p. 38. – UNIONS, Q.

CODE, SECRECY: A simple code was proposed in the film: The Key to Rebecca: Page number, together with last or first letter of a particular line in a particular and previously agreed upon book. In this way each letter could frequently be represented by quite different numbers, up to 3 figure numbers for the pages and up to 2 for the line. And the fact that each letter would be expressed by different numbers would make frequency analysis even by computers and experts, perhaps, close to impossible. - However, I hold that the need for codes rarely arises. As much as possible we should use clear texts, expressing ideas as clearly as possible, even when sometimes censors might read them. Little of the essential information has to be codified, in most instances, for most people. A coded message does also arouse suspicion and therefore is more likely to be intercepted and destroyed, if it cannot be deciphered. - JZ, 2.6.94.

CODE, SECRECY: Usable by two parties of whom each uses the same book in the same edition. The first 3 figures indicate the page of the book. The next 2 the line on that page. The next single figure might indicate the first letter or first word on that line or any of the following words. – If the text has been scanned-in, then finding a suitable word should be relatively easy and fast. – I suppose such a code or a singular code is already used by some people. It is simple and easy. – Much harder to break would be another code in which in each line of a page each letter is replaced by a two-digit number. Additionally, the numbering of the letters is changed for each of the following lines on the page. Then frequency analysis could not turn out the meaning of the numbers for each line. (*) – But each side will still have to have the same book, preferably scanned in and a guide the code. – Perhaps this kind of coding and decoding could become automated on both sides. – Even if censors got the whole coded message, they would still have to find out which book has been used, which makes it almost impossible to decode such messages by third parties. On the other hand, those with such code-capturing facilities would often be able and willing to break into the locations involved and to confiscate the computers and code lists and books involved, or extract the information required by torture. (*)Nothing is quite safe from the greatest criminals on earth. –Thus I have never as yet used a coded message and am unlikely to ever do so. – But I liked the WW II “code” of American secret forces: The used Red Indians speaking the same language on both sides of an open line! - JZ, 11.1.96, 22.9.08. – The same letter need thus not always be represented by the same number but might be represented by any of a hundred, or even several hundred numbers, on different pages. Could modern computers still analyze the frequency of appearance of such numbers with the frequency of appearances of certain letters in certain languages or in most languages? I do not know. – JZ, 29.1.13. -CHIFFRES, SECRET MESSAGES

COERCION: A central fact of human moral life is that coercion must be excluded from it. If one should be honest, productive, decent, just, and a person of integrity in family life, work and play, one must choose to be so. No one can MAKE another virtuous! - Today all major political ideologies fail to acknowledge this fact. Conservatives too often wish to force us to accept personal virtues in matters of sexual conduct, art, and manners. They often support laws to force us to be sexually, artistically, and socially proper and prudent. Liberals tend to wish to force upon us personal virtues in matters of economic moderation, in social manners, in professional ethics, and in our relationships with those different from us. They would force us to give up our wealth for worthy causes. They would regulate our commercial, productive, and creative activities, and they would force us to associate and trade with those whom we, for good or bad reasons, would wish to avoid." - Tibor R. Machan, NEW GUARD, 7/78. - Compare: "Forced virtue is no virtue." – TERRITORIALISM, SECESSIONISM, PERSONAL LAW, VOLUNTARISM

COERCION: A man goes down from a blow to the solar plexus, and we say he's had the breath knocked out of him. - Every act of coercion in society - coercion being the forcible imposition of one's will on others - is like a damaging blow that knocks the breath out of humanity. - Nor does it make any difference whether the coercive act is accidental or deliberate, for a noble or an ignoble purpose. It is not the intention behind the act, but the nature of the act itself, that does the injury. Whether one can be injured 'for his own good' or 'for the good of humanity' does not modify the extent of the injury. Erecting a Taj Mahal in the name of love with forcibly extorted funds or enslaved labor, or compulsorily expropriating people's income to build hospitals or art centers, are no less coercive than compelling Negro slaves to hoe one's cotton, or forcing workers into unions, or robbing others at the point of a gun." - L. E. Read, Deeper Than You Think, p.8. - RESISTANCE, NON-VIOLENCE, FORCE, TYRANNICIDE, RIGHTS, TAXATION, COMPULSION, FORCE, TERRITORIALISM

COERCION: A man may build himself a throne of bayonets, but he cannot sit on it." - W. R. Inge, in Marchant: Wit and Wisdom of Dean Inge, No. 108. - I have vaguely in mind a similar remark, was it by Talleyrand?: “One can rule with bayonets but one cannot rest upon them.” - JZ

COERCION: a man who is so silly as to think himself incapable of going wrong, is very likely to be too silly to perceive that coercion may be one way of going wrong." - John Morley, On Compromise, 248. - What I call the "infallibility spleen". But even if the one who is inclined towards coercion is quite right in his judgement, and could objectively prove this in any court or before any scientific enquiry, the action that he wants to coercively prevent in some society may be one that is committed there only among its voluntary followers. He can rightly defend himself only when the wrongful action being committed against himself. E.g., a person may be very correct in seeing Heroin use as a threat to health and life. Thus he can defend his health and his life against those who want to coercively inject him with heroin, or his children, or anyone else to whom this is done coercively. But he may not coercively interfere with voluntary drug producers, peddlers and users who are otherwise rational adults. - JZ, 2.6.94. – A German proverb says, jokingly on this: Wem Gott ein Amt gibt, dem gibt er auch Verstand to fill it. (Whoever God gives an office to is also given the required rationality.) – At least under territorialism and thus in the absence of better examples and forgetting about the bad precedents, a majority of voters can, usually, be still found for them, even if only by compulsory voting or many propaganda lies and false promises. – JZ, 30.1.13. - SUPERIORITY OR SUPERMAN COMPLEX, LEADERSHIP, PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS, RULERS, REPRESENTATIVES, STATISM, GOVERNMENTALISM, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY

COERCION: Among all the freedom goals, the goal of maximising everyone's (*) freedom from coercion should take first priority." - C. Bury, The Structure of Freedom, quoted in Bachman's Book of Freedom Quotations. - (*) Should all private criminals and official aggressors be freed from the fear that their victims might use defensive force, effectively and rightfully used and for enforced indemnification claims? Should all penal, deterrent and rehabilitating force be totally abolished towards criminals? I rather hold that all private and all official criminals should be permanently under the threat of the minimal coercion and repression required that would keep them harmless to the rights and liberties of others. E.g. the compulsory wearing of fixed electronic tags would indicate their location and the time, wherever and whenever they committed another crime. If necessary: maximum coercion against coercers, in the defence of all fundamental rights and liberties. - JZ, 2.6.94, 16.11.08. – MILITIA, COMPETING PROTECTION SERVICES

COERCION: An enterprise system is a system of voluntary contract. Neither fraud nor coercion is within the ethics of the market system. Indeed there is no possibility of coercion in a pure enterprise system because the competition of rivals provides alternatives to every buyer or seller. All real economic systems contain some monopoly, and hence some coercive power for particular individuals, but the amount and the extent of such monopoly power are usually much exaggerated, ..." - Stigler, The Intellectual and the Market Place, p.87.

COERCION: Application of force necessarily deprives some man of his choice-making power and thereby denigrates his essential humanness." - Ridgway K. Foley, Jr., THE FREEMAN, 4/74.

COERCION: Are You Out of Your Mind? That person is out of his mind who uses or advocates coercion to get his way." - I did not note down the source but it looks and sounds like one of the summaries to one of the chapters in one of Leonard E. Read's books. It was an entry under point X. - "Mindless coercion" sums up this phenomenon well enough. - JZ

COERCION: As Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman noted on the anniversary of the Sacco-Vanzetti execution, anarchists had learned from Russia that a people could not 'establish new social forms on the old foundations of coercion and force.'" - Paul Buhle, LIBERTARIAN ANALYSIS, 54. – TERRITORIALISM, INTOLERANCE, COERCION INSTEAD OF VOLUNTARISM, EXPERIMENTAL FREEDOM

COERCION: Budding Politicoholics are frequently detected by their obsessive use of the maxim, 'There ought to be a law". When asked his opinion on a social or economic problem, the Politicoholic twitches from the coercion reflex and blurts out involuntarily, 'There ought to be a law'." - Sy Leon, None of the Above, p.165. – KNEE-JERK REACTIONS, STATISM, COMPULSION, INTOLERANCE, CHOICE, FREEDOM, LAWS, LEGISLATION, , REPRESENTATIVES, POLITICIANS, POWER, UNIFORMITY, TERRITORIALISM, EGALITARIANISM

COERCION: By no process can coercion be made equitable. The freest form of government is only the least objectionable form." - Herbert Spencer. - Only those governments and societies that practise merely exterritorial autonomy among their volunteers - have finally achieved their least objectionable form. - JZ, 1.10.02. - PANARCHISM.

COERCION: Coercion - the attempt to compel people to associate with others..." - Orval V. Watts, THE FREEMAN, I/76, p. 57. - Sometimes also the attempt to compel people not to associate with others. E.g. Nuremberg Laws interdicting inter-racial marriages and compulsory racial segregation laws and practices. - JZ, 3.6.94. - Sometimes also the enforcement of non-association by "liquidation", "ethnic cleansing" of "final solutions". - "Und willst Du nicht mein Bruder sein, so schlag ich Dir den Schaedel ein!" (“If you don't want to be my brother, I will bash your head in!”) - German proverb. – INTOLERANCE, TOLERANCE, PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE, PANARCHISM, VOLUNTARISM, VOLUNTARY SEGREGATION, SESESSIONISM

COERCION: Coercion and lies go together, as a rule. Few aggressors are quite frank about their aggressions. Usually they pretend that their actions are merely defensive ones. - JZ, 5.7.92, 2.6.94.

COERCION: coercion and top-down direction make people fearful and stupid." - Paul Goodman, Five Years, p.246. – HIERARCHIES, FEAR, STUPIDITY, FOOLISHNESS, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLYM, FEAR, STUPIDITY, IGNORANCE

COERCION: Coercion by a majority is no less reprehensible than that perpetrated by a tyrant, even if its application is less bold and bloody and bright." - James W. Muller.

COERCION: Coercion can only inhibit and penalise - nothing more!" - L. E. Read, Castles in the Air, p.63. Also in NOTES FROM FEE, 11/74.

COERCION: Coercion deprives a man of the freedom to choose, and, therefore, of the possibility of choosing morally." - Rothbard, For A New Liberty, 118. – CHOICE, VOLUNTARISM, MORALITY

COERCION: Coercion doesn't work - the victims always resent it.” - W. R. Thompson, Second Contact, ANALOG, 4/88, 17. – Alas, it works sufficiently well, so far. to have been successfully applied by many people for thousands of years. An ideal counter-force, like an ideal militia for the realization and protection of all individual rights remains to be established just like such a human rights declaration has still to be compiled or published. – JZ, 13.11.08. - FORCE, COMPULSION, CRIME, TERRITORIALISM, POLITICS AS USUAL, OFTEN WITH MAJORITY CONSENT OR COMPLIANCE, OFFICIAL TERRORISM, TOTALITARIANISM

COERCION: Coercion is not a creative force. No idea, discovery, invention, insight, intuitive flash ever issued from an edict, however well-intended." - Leonard E. Read, NOTES FROM FEE, 11/74.

COERCION: Coercion is not a factor of production, it is neither labor nor capital nor land, and has no place in the production or distribution of wealth." - Frank Chodorov, Out Of Step, p.71.

COERCION: Coercion is the crowning evil of our times, and truth is not to be found in coercive arrangements. No end, however laudable, warrants coercion, either directly or through an agent. Leave 'impossible' problems to free men." - L. E. Read, Deeper Than You Think, IX. - Is coercion and are other acts of resistance to uphold individual rights among the "crowning evils of our times" or are they rightful and obligatory in many instances? - Do such acts constitute or resist coercion? One should at least distinguish between the defensive and the aggressive use of force and between rightful and wrongful actions that are both called "defensive". - JZ, 3.6.94. – I hold that e.g. force may be used to prevent a child or a young person from committing suicide. The “victim” of such aggression will, mostly, later on, be grateful that it occurred. At the moment he or she is “out of his mind” and the forceful action is done in the interest of him or her as a rational person. If there was a good enough motive for the suicide attempt – then there will be many other opportunities for it. – I have held a person forcefully back from stepping into the path of a car and once that service was supplied to me. - JZ, 16.11.08. – DEFENCE OF RIGHTS, TYRANNICIDE, RESISTANCE, FORCE, VIOLENCE, NON-VIOLENCE, PACIFISM

COERCION: Coercion is the initiation of physical force, the abrogation of a man's rightful range of choice. By this definition, protective acts, whether preventive or reactive, are non-coercive and unobjectionable." - Lanny Friedlander, The Gang that couldn't shoot straight, early article in REASON. - Preventive acts like the outlawry of open air meetings, under the pretence that thus violence would be avoided, are thus not coercive? - JZ

COERCION: Coercion is the least efficient means of obtaining order." - Le Guin, The Dispossessed, 128. – No genuine and lasting order can be achieved in that way, if it is used aggressively rather than defensively and only when required. – JZ, 30.1.13.

COERCION: Coercion may keep people from doing what they desire to do on a particular occasion and is thus prima facie wrong. However, such coercion can be shown to be morally justified, and thus only prima facie wrong, if it can be established that the coercion is such that it could have been rationally willed even by the person whose desire is interfered with: Accordingly, when it is said that a creditor has a right to demand from his debtor the payment of a debt, this does not mean that he can PERSUADE the debtor that his own reason itself obligates him to this performance; on the contrary, to say that he has such a right means only that the use of coercion to make anyone do this is entirely compatible with everyone's freedom, including the freedom of the debtor, in accordance with universal laws." - Kant, according to Jeffrie G. Murphy: Kant, The Philosophy of Right, p.110. - Somewhere, with one of his fundamental definitions of rights, Kant adds: Right is associated with the authority to enforce it, and gives a short logical deduction of this conclusion, from his very definition of rights. - JZ – DEFENCE, FORCE, RIGHTS

COERCION: Coercion may prevent many transgressions; but it robs even actions which are legal of a portion of their beauty. Freedom may lead to many transgressions, but it lends even to vices a less ignoble form." - W. v. Humboldt, in Sprading, 105.

COERCION: coercion results in fewer individuals enjoying fewer goals which they subjectively value." - Ridgway K. Foley Jr., THE FREEMAN, Dec. 76, p. 747.

COERCION: Coercion, after all, merely captures man. Freedom captivates him." - R. M., in READER’S DIGEST, date?

COERCION: Coercion, in fact, according to Meyer, is 'the sign and seed of disorder.' An anarchist is one who refuses under any and all circumstances to cooperate with the legal and political systems of this world that attempt to obtain good ends by employing the very same kind of destructive means they have taken upon themselves to judge." - Reichert, Partisans of Freedom, p.498, on Karl Meyer.

COERCION: Coercion, like rape, is a wrong and poor substitute for mutual consideration, respect or love and their expression. - JZ, 3.6.94, 1.10.02.

COERCION: Coercion" or "force" via prejudice, religion, myth, custom, superstition, ignorance, stupidity, bias, psychological pressure, personal preference, habit, addiction, is largely self-inflicted or is given the sanction of the victim. With some rationality and will-power one can free oneself of such influences. Coercion is quite another matter when inflicted e.g., by fists, sticks, stones, guns, knives, bombs, nuclear "weapons" etc., against oneself and others, especially when this is done by superior numbers or stronger weapons. - JZ 13.4.87, 2.6.94.

COERCION: Coercive force becomes no more or less restrictive or evil when exercised by conspiracy or agreement." - Ridgway K. Foley, Jr., THE FREEMAN, 4/73. - It does not do wrong to its voluntary victims, when these are adults and otherwise rational beings. But it wrongs the rational and moral beings which these victims could have been instead. But as such they exist, at least for the time being, only in the minds of the observer. - JZ, 3.6.94.

COERCION: Coexistence - what the farmer does with the Turkey - until Christmas." - Mike Connolly, in READER’S DIGEST, Dec. 60. - JOKES

COERCION: Don't let coercion snowball!" - Free after: "coercion snowballed", by C. Kornbluth, The Syndic, p. 27. - JZ, 12/74. - REVENGE

COERCION: Every doctrine that has recourse to the police power or to other methods of violence or threat for its protection reveals its inner weakness." - Mises, Omnipotent Government, p.11/12.

COERCION: Everyone who has resorted to coercion as his method must, inevitably, select lies as his principle. („Jeder, der Gewalt zu seiner Methode gemacht hat, muss zwangslaeufig die Luege zu seinem Prinzip erwaehlen.") - Solzhenitsyn. - LIES

COERCION: For instead of defining coercion as is done in the present volume, as the invasive use of physical violence or the threat thereof against someone else's person or (just) property, Hayek defines coercion far more fuzzily and inchoately: e.g., as 'control of the environment or circumstances of a person by another (so) that, in order to avoid greater evil, he is forced to act not according to a coherent plan of his own but to serve the ends of another.' (20-21); and again: 'Coercion occurs when one man's actions are made to serve another man's will, not for his own but for the other's purpose.' (133)..." - Rothbard, The Ethics of Liberty, p. 219, on Hayek's The Constitution of Liberty.

COERCION: How, in such a society, can we meaningfully talk about each person being free to go his own way? - The answer to this question lies in the concept of property rights. If we consider that each person owns his own body and can acquire ownership of other things by creating them, or by having ownership transferred to him by another owner, it becomes at least formally possible to define 'being left alone' and its opposite, 'being coerced'. Someone who forcibly prevents me from using my property as I want, when I am not using it to violate his right to use his property, is coercing me. A man who prevents me from taking heroin coerces me; a man who prevents me from shooting him does not." - D. Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, XIV. - What about when he prevents me from shooting someone who prevents me from taking heroin or who tries to force heroin upon me? I hold that the prevention of self-defence is also aggression. - JZ, 3.6.94. - In other words: Gun control laws are not defensive and protective but aggressive. They do not control and disarm aggressors but control and disarm victims, that facilitating the aggression by private and official criminals. - JZ, 1.10.02.

COERCION: I believe that the greatest enemy of human progress is coercive force which is used to restrict or control the creative efforts of men." – Admiral Ben Moreell, Log I, 124. - Compare Read's: "Release all creative energies!"

COERCION: I want to be "neither coerced nor coercing." - Paolo Soleri, Arcology: The City in the Image of Man, quoted in REASON, 4/72. - Compare: "Neither an anvil nor a hammer be." and John Henry Mackay's remark about his rejection of the master and slave relationship. - JZ

COERCION: In contradiction to the right principle of human association and action (voluntarism), the one word that sums up the wrong principle is COERCION. Coercion is the hallmark of state enterprise and regulated markets; of statism. Statism also does not guarantee that people won't make mistakes, but it does guarantee everyone WILL regularly and repeatedly suffer from the mistakes of others. It rewards those who use coercive inappropriate means in pursuing their ends; and it harasses and punishes those who use voluntary - appropriate means. - STATISM EXAGGERATES MISTAKES AND INSTITUTIONALISES FAILURES." - ERC WORLD MARKET PERSPECTIVES, 15.10.75. - This is an expensive financial newsletter, very much copyright restricted. I have seen only a few of it and liked most of its idea contents. Its general freedom ideas and arguments and wordings should be made more accessible, e.g. by at least microfiching or scanning in and then publishing the financially out-dated issues. - JZ, 3.6.94.

COERCION: Introduce coercion into your system and inevitably you get some “lovely” characters to use it against you and others. - JZ, 28.7.74.

COERCION: It is an observed fact that whenever government pre-empts any activity, that is, when coercion takes over, voluntary ways are not only forgotten but faith in their efficacy ceases." - L. E. Read, THE FREEMAN, 9/74.

COERCION: Legal coercion by violence is the monopoly of the State." - Max Weber, quoted in Howard Zinn, Disobedience & Democracy, p.95. - Zinn adds: "How can one justify this, unless one accepts as an a priori judgement that the nation is always right, or makes and even more crassly amoral assumption: 'My nation, right or wrong.'"

COERCION: Let them try to demonstrate the virtue of coercion, for they are the ones who are embarking on the course of action that will necessarily involve the lives of others." - Tibor R. Machan, THE FREEMAN, Jan. 74. - BURDEN OF PROOF

COERCION: Liberty ... that condition of man in which coercion of some by others is reduced as much as possible in society." - F. A. Hayek, The Constitution of Liberty. - How far does that go? Should its reduction to zero, towards all peaceful people not be a clearly pronounced aim and ideal? - JZ, 5.4.89.

COERCION: Man, for example "cannot function successfully under coercion." - Nathaniel Branden, quoted in William F. O'Neill's "Ayn Rand's Philosophy", p. 46.

COERCION: Millions of innocent men, women and children, since the introduction of Christianity, have been burned, tortured, fined and imprisoned, yet we have not advanced one inch toward uniformity. What has been the effect of coercion? To make one half of the world fools and the other half hypocrites.” – Thomas Jefferson, Notes on Virginia, 1782. – UNIFORMITY, FOOLS, STATISM, HYPOCRITES

COERCION: My argument is that we can organise better without coercion. People don't like to be coerced; they resent being pushed around. And in consequence, they do not perform as well under coercion as they will perform if they are left alone and inspired, encouraged by an offer of carrots." - Robert LeFevre, Good Government ... p.8.

COERCION: No coercion ( except to suppress violation of liberty) is legitimate." - Quoted by Ralph Borsodi, in THE GREEN REVOLUTION, 9/78. - I would rather say "right" than "legitimate", after so many wrongful acts have been and still are legitimised by special interventionist legislation. - JZ, 3.6.94

COERCION: No coercive, man-planned system can create harmony among myriad individuals..." - Ridgway K. Foley Jr., THE FREEMAN, 4/74.

COERCION: not one iota of coercion!" - Read, THE FREEMAN, 3/74. - Not one iota of aggressive coercion - but every iota of defensive force, whenever it is needed, to the extent that it is needed and when arguments and non-violent means have failed or are obviously insufficient. - JZ, 3.6.94. – DEFENCES VS. AGGRESSION, RIGHTFUL USE OF FORCE, NON-VIOLENT RESISTANCE IN EVERY CASE?

COERCION: Numerous social interactions even today still take place with an absence of compulsion, although State-ordained procedures are of course increasing daily. In the remaining spontaneous relationships between persons there is no ubiquitous policeman interceding (yet); nonetheless, most transactions, conversations, even quarrels, are accomplished without resort to coercion." - Fred Woodworth, Anarchism, p.12/13.

COERCION: One who uses coercion is guilty of deliberate violence. Coercion is inhuman. – Mohandas Gandhi – However, he also spoke up for self-defence against violence. – JZ, 30.1.13. - VIOLENCE, FORCE, COMPULSION

COERCION: opt for liberty and avoid coercion." - Ridgway K. Foley, Jr., THE FREEMAN, 4/73. – If only this were already and always and option! – JZ, 29.1.13.

COERCION: People cannot be coerced - they can only be led through the contentment they find in their work." - Willoughby McCormick, Baltimore, maker of spices, tea, convenience foods etc., quoted in David Jenkins, Job Power, p.219. – Some private or official bullies find other kinds of “contentment”. – JZ, 30.1.13. – POWER ADDICTS, POLITICIANS, LEADERSHIP, RULERS

COERCION: Power gradually extirpates from the mind every humane and gentle virtue." - Burke, A Vindication of Natural Society.

COERCION: Rand then jumps to the conclusion that the way to maximise reason is to minimise the coercive interference with its exercise. Not quite validly: Suppose I take your brain-destructive drugs away from you (1) or force you to swallow brain-enhancing ones or even subject you to compulsory education in logic (2). Or suppose I am a Great Thinker and tax lesser thinkers to subsidise the production of my Great Thoughts. (3) - Wayne Wallace Woodward, THE CONNECTION 110, 6 March 83, p. 51. - (1) That is not an interference with a reasonable action by a reasonable being. (2) That is not very educational or enlightening by itself nor is logic the ultimate reason. - (3) Not a very thoughtful way of financing the publication of one's thoughts. The writer is apparently one of the great crowd who have failed to consider their micrographic (and other - JZ, 1.10.02.) self-publishing options. Sophists and lawyers are still with us to perpetuate and increase confusion. - JZ, 28.6.89, 2.6.94.

COERCION: Seek the persuasion of fact against the coercion of force." - NZ RATIONALIST AND HUMANIST, 74.

COERCION: So long as men deal with each other voluntarily, respecting each other's rights and abstaining from initiating force against each other, they are free. As a sociological concept, freedom is the ability to choose among the possibilities available in one's environment without being the instigator or recipient of initiatory force. It is only when men aggress against one another, molesting the lives and property of others and violating their neighbours' rights, that men's freedom of action is abridged. And it is only when the use of coercion in society is institutionalised by a criminal gang or by a criminal government, that men can become enslaved." - Sorry, but I failed to note down the source. JZ

COERCION: state education is but a part of that coercive drill which one half the human race delights to inflict upon the other half. First of all get rid of compulsion. It has been made the instrument of endless petty persecutions. It is fatal to the free growth of an intelligent love of education; to that moral influence which those of us who have learned the value of education ought to be exerting over others; to a true respect of man for man; for each man's right to judge what is morally best for himself and for those entrusted to him. It is an attempt to make one of those shortcuts to progress which end by making the goal recede from us." - Mack, Auberon Herbert, p.78. – We should not expect full respect for all individual rights and liberties before they have been fully and clearly enough declared and published. – JZ, 16.11.08.

COERCION: The basic immorality involved in coercion of men soon corrupts not only the wielder of such power, but those over whom the power is wielded. Soon all men come to expect that their lives should be rendered problem-free by an omni-competent state. For this reason, Bastiat described the state as 'that great fictitious entity by which everyone tries to live at the expense of everyone else.'" - George Charles Roche III, in THE FREE MAN'S ALMANAC.

COERCION: The choice", notes Barbara Branden, "is coercion - or voluntary trade; slavery - or freedom." "Freedom is not a SUFFICIENT condition to assure man's proper fulfilment, but it is a NECESSARY condition. And capitalism - laissez-faire capitalism - is the only system which provides that condition." - O'Neil, Ayn Rand, p.48.

COERCION: The coercive man puts himself outside society - he outlaws himself. - JZ, 15.10.74.

COERCION: The coercive power of government shall not be permitted (has no right) to be used for any purpose other than that of minimising coercion in human affairs, i.e. for any purpose other than that generally described in the phrase, 'law and order'." - B. R. Rogge, in THE FREEMAN, 3/75. - That is the statist delusion. The involvement of any territorial government with compulsory membership and exclusive sovereignty, even if only in a supposedly limited sphere, tends to multiply coercion. The bloody and very wrong (on both sides) Civil War of the Disunited States of America was the result of "limited" governments interacting - in the usual governmental way. - JZ, 3.6.94.

COERCION: the ends pre-exist in the means. Just results cannot follow from coercive actions." - Ridgway K. Foley, Jr., THE FREEMAN, 4/73, recalling one of Emerson's axioms.  – ENDS & MEANS

COERCION: The essential characteristic of all government, whatever its form, is authority... Government, in its last analysis, is organised force." - Woodrow Wilson.

COERCION: the function of the free market - if the customer is pleased, he purchases the product without coercion." - Irene Green, LEFEVRE'S JOURNAL, Fall 75.

COERCION: The generation to which we belong is now learning from experience what happens when men retreat from freedom to a coercive organisation of their affairs. Though they promise themselves a more abundant life, they must in practice renounce it; as the organised direction increases, the variety of ends must give way to uniformity." - Walter Lippman, ATLANTIC MONTHLY, Nov. 1936. - And to oppression, exploitation, murder, destruction and general impoverishment. - JZ, 2.6.94. – STATISM, TERRITORIALISM

COERCION: The good news is that coercion does diminish the resources and the productivity of everyone involved. So hail to the better way - freedom!" - L. E. Read, NOTES FROM FEE, 5/80.

COERCION: the great issue of our day is coercion of the individual, the repression of his creative energies by the collectivity, which ultimately leads to slavery, versus freedom of the individual under God's moral code, which leads to social progress." - Admiral Ben Moreell, The Admiral's Log II, 10. - I find it sometimes frustrating that many people still know no better moral code than the Ten Commandments. - JZ, 7.6.94. - See: Commandments.

COERCION: The moment a man claims a right to control the will of a (*) fellow being by physical force, he is at heart a slaveholder." - THE LIBERATOR, April 7, 1837. - (*) peaceful or non-aggressive! - JZ - CONTROL, FORCE, COMPULSION, SLAVERY, SELF-DEFENCE, VIOLENCE, FORCE

COERCION: The State always means coercion." - Mises, Omnipotent Government, p.136. – The territorial State. An exterritorial one could use coercion only towards its voluntary victims, like a monastery disciplining its wayward monks or nuns. – Voluntary soldiers and officers are also under military discipline. - JZ, 9.11.10.

COERCION: The state belongs to the sphere of coercion. It would be madness to renounce coercion, particularly in the epoch of the dictatorship of the proletariat." - Nikolai Lenin. - Most of those, who dictated OVER the proletariat, under the pretence of expressing the dictatorship OF the proletariat, were never proletarians. - "Dictatorship of the Proletariat" is the great fiction by which non-proletarians set themselves up as dictators over all proletarians and other people in a country and exploit them as they have never been exploited before, under the formerly relatively limited legal monopolies and privileges. - JZ, 3.6.94.

COERCION: The State is the party that always accompanies its proposals by coercion, and backs them with force." - Charles A. Reich, The Greening of America, N.Y., N.Y., Bantam Books, 1971,p. 350, quoted in THE FREEMAN, 3/76.

COERCION: There can be no talk of rights and duties where contracts are concluded under coercion. Unjustified coercion and aggressive force release from any tie to a so-called society, whose executive agents one knows only as administrators, legislators, judges and policemen.” - E. Armand in LERNZIEL ANARCHIE, No. 4. - Such contracts are not contracts. Such societies are not societies. Such agents are not agents. Such representatives do not represent. Such legislators do not provide law. Such administrators do not administrate. Such policemen do not police. Such judges do not judge. Let each, instead, have the government or the no-government society of his or her dreams. Then all such terms, roles and positions will finally become just and meaningful. - JZ, 3.6.94.

COERCION: There is only one such principle that can preserve a free society: namely, the strict prevention of all coercion except in the enforcement of general abstract rules equally applicable to all." - F. A. Hayek, The Constitution of Liberty. - These general rules ought to be reduced to a minimum. They must be just. They must apply only to people with a minimum of rationality - enough to understand them. And they must be explained with many concrete examples. I think that a greatly improved and complete code of individual rights and liberties could provide these abstract rules. Moreover, these rules ought to be unanimously approved by all people with a minimum of rationality. Until such a utopian ideal and the exceptions from it can be clearly expressed and are generally consented to, it should not be coercively applied, either - except within volunteer communities and in their defence. Individuals should be free to secede from any of the present territorial communities, when they have not aggressed already against any individual rights and liberties of involuntary victims. But I somewhat doubt that Hayek thought of the enforcement of individual rights and liberties - among those who consented to them and against those who violate them in others, who are not voluntary members of the community to which the aggressors belong. When Nazis, communist and religious fanatics violate only the individual rights of their own voluntary members, then this is their affairs. From this I would except only children and would grant them unconditional asylum, if they ask for help. Our best societies might now be ready for even military intervention in case of child murder or ritual sacrifice but definitely not yet to prevent the abortion of unborn children. - Personally, I would rather concede to them the right to life than to convicted criminals. - JZ, 5.4.89, 2.6.94. – The latter had their chance and messed it up. - JZ, 1.10.02.

COERCION: they resort to coercion to get their way! Unable to reform others by a blink of the eyes, they try to implant their 'wisdom' by physical force - 'Do as we say, or else!' They seize the police power of government and use it to serve their devious and contradictory ends - frustrated genies with guns!" - L. E. Read, Having My Way, 150. - Alas, mostly they are not even very intelligent. Has anyone ever measured the intelligence of Communist Party members and functionaries compared with the IQ of the average population and that of all other "intellectuals" or "reformers"? There was much opposition against measuring the IQ or other capacities of different races. For now, in parts of the "Free" World, it should be safe enough to make such comparisons. To me many of the long-term communists look a bit simple-minded but not as good-natured as e.g. the Sallies. I would like to see some figures to back up my visual and subjective and probably biased impressions. - JZ, 1.10.02. – INTOLERANCE, INTELLIGENCE, COMMUNISTS, TERRITORIALISM, UNIFORMITY, COERCIVE UTOPIANS, PROHIBITION, ANTI-DRUG LAWS

COERCION: This law, which I shall be so bold as to restate as 'People ought not to be coerced except in response to the initiation of coercion', and which I shall name the Rule of Political Justice, is part of the Law of Nature..." - David B. Suits, JLS, Sum. 77, p. 196, summing up teachings by Locke.

COERCION: Those men who would use coercion - be they in government or out - are saying that they have a right to a slice of you." - Mark Tier, THE AUSTRALIAN, 12.10.74. - SELF-OWNERSHIP, PEOPLE AS PROPERTY

COERCION: Today it is rarely understood that the limitation of all coercion to the enforcement of general rules of just conduct was the fundamental principle of classical liberalism, or, I would almost say, its definition of liberty." - F. A. Hayek, Economic Freedom and Representative Government, II.

COERCION: Too many philosophers have been led to believe, however, that if force and freedom are related they must be related analytically as conceptual antonyms. To be free is to be uncoerced (the predicate defining the subject); to be coerced is to be unfree. 'What is absolutely free is absolutely unconstrained', cautions Hobhouse, in a reduction that makes the phrase 'forced to be free' a meaningless self-contradiction." - Benjamin R. Barber, Superman & Common Man, p.36. - Ulrich von Beckerath used to argue, and I am still inclined to agree with him, that one does not wrong anybody if one forces him to act in a way which, as a reasonable being he would act himself. In other words, we are not always reasonable and sometimes a good friend helps one, if necessary, forcefully, to act reasonably. A most obvious case, in most instance, would be the forceful prevention of a suicide. Suicides can be the result of rational decision-making - but mostly they are not. I do not favour applying this rule regarding trivial errors and mistakes and stupidities, committed at the own expense. To a large extent one must leave people alone to learn by their own mistakes - If a considerable loss is involved in a mistake then friendly advice or a bet should be offered rather than preventive force. However, if a life is at stake or several, that would not be enough. - JZ, 3. 6.94. - E.g., if one's friend is drunk and engages in a serious assault against someone, then a good friend would forcefully restrain him, thinking: In doing this he is not himself. He would not do this if he were sober. - JZ, 1.10.02. –

COERCION: We have got a problem to solve. Coercion won't solve it." - Desmond Bagley, The Tightrope Men, p.137.

COERCION: We interrelate with other persons in one or two ways: voluntarily or coercively. No other relationships exist or are possible. When we interrelate voluntarily we control ourselves and seek, by communication, example or argument to influence others. When we are frustrated in our efforts to influence others, we abandon self-control and seek to control others. This requires coercion. (NOTE: if we could, in fact, control others, we would never have resort to coercive methods. We tend towards violence out of frustration, because we cannot control them.)” - Robert LeFevre, LEFEVRE'S JOURNAL, Fall 78. - We should not even try to control their peaceful and tolerant activities, which would only wrong and harm themselves. - JZ, 1.10.02. – There are also relationships that are accidentally or by chance begun and only then volition becomes involved in their trade, friendship, neutrality, love or hate, non-violent or coercive relationship. – 16.11.08.

COERCION: We must remember that the principal instrument of government is coercion and that our government officials are no more moral, omnipotent, nor omniscient than are any of the rest of us. Once we understand the basic principles which must be observed if freedom is to be safeguarded against government, we may become more hesitant in turning our personal problems and responsibilities over to that agency of coercion, with its insatiable appetite for power.” - W. C. Mullendore, ISIL LIBERTY QUOTE LIBRARY 03. - POWER, STATE, REPRESENTATION, LEADERSHIP, DEMOCRACY, TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENT

COERCION: where coercion can be anticipated, the coercer cannot count on there being any goods to take." - Roger Donway, THE FREEMAN, 9/74.

COERCION: where there is a raj, a coercive government, niti (the moral law) is destroyed. For the future, we want not a kingdom ruled by political 'kings' but a common-wealth, ordered by the 'common' people. I do not know how long it will take to bring this about, but if any work is worth doing, this is, and the Sarvodaya Samaj should be giving itself single-mindedly to this task." - Vinoba Bhave, GOOD GOVERNMENT, 8/75. - Clarity of expression is rarely improved when one language is mixed up with another one. Nor do I like the term "common-wealth", since it sounds too much of collectivism and communism. - JZ, 3.6.94.

COERCION: Where wisdom is required force cannot achieve anything.” – “Wo es Klugheit gilt, da schaffet die Gewalt nichts." - Herodot, 3, 127 – WISDOM, COERCION, FORCE

COERCION: Why does everyone think that he can be decent enough without the policeman, but that the club is needed for 'the others'?" - Alexander Berkman, What Is Communist Anarchism? 1928. - Why do so many communist anarchists think that their ideology must be applied not only to themselves but to all others, by "interpreting" all property as theft or coercion against them? - They habitually ignore the fact that "capitalism", when supposed to be "ruling", has generally been rather tolerant towards all voluntary communist and socialist actions, while communists and socialists, when ruling, have as a rule restricted, suppressed or prosecuted capitalist acts among consenting adults. - JZ, 3.6.94. - They have also suppressed or murdered dissenting communists and socialists, not only anti-communists and religious people. - JZ, 1.10.02.

COERCION: You can commit fraud, force or coercion against anyone - as long as the anyone is only yourself. - D.Z., 27.6.77 - How many people fulfil all the duties they do have, as rational beings, towards themselves? They lie to themselves. They risk their lives and health for trivial pleasures. The even mutilate themselves sometimes or kill themselves. A smoker wilfully reduces his life span for a small and temporary pleasure. Most live and work below their potential or largely waste their lives. But they are not, as a rule, a threat to others and their rights and liberties. - JZ, 1.10.02.

COERCION: You can do anything with bayonets except sit on them.” - Camillo di Cavour. - Try eating soup with it or use it for brain surgery! - JZ, 27.11.02. , FORCE, VIOLENCE, BAYONETS

COERCION: You define 'coercion' as 'To compel by force without regard for the individual's volition or desire.' It seems to me that you have omitted: 'compelling by force WITH regard for the individual's volition or desire.' Perhaps it was by accident that you excluded such cases, but it seems to be that THESE cases can be, at times, even MORE heinous than those in which compulsion is used WITHOUT regard for the individual's volition or desire." - D. Meyers, LEFEVRE'S JOURNAL, Winter 77. - LeFevre replied: "You will not be dropped. And I agree to the point you make. I should have included it."

COEXISTENCE: alter our methods of coexistence away from power politics." - Michael Bishop, Cabinet Meeting, in ASIMOV'S SF MAGAZINE, Nor. 2, Summer 77. - That cannot be done upon the model of territorial sovereignty and compulsion but only upon the model of exterritorially autonomous communities of volunteers. -JZ, 3.6.94. - Peaceful coexistence through exterritorial autonomy & voluntarism! - JZ, 1.10.02.

COEXISTENCE: The only alternative to co-existence is co-destruction." - Pandit Nehru, quoted in OBSERVER, 29 Aug 54. - "The alternative to coexistence is co-destruction." - quoted on radio, 8.10.76. - Probably millions of pages have been written on "coexistence" on the basis of supposedly peaceful territorial sovereignty and separatism. But almost the only pages that proposed clearly the exterritorial alternative of coexistence, and its possibility and rightfulness, appeared in my PEACE PLANS pages and afterwards, some, largely upon my urging, in some obscure journals. When will this plain alternative be finally be fully discussed, even in the mass media and in the academe? Compare my ON PANARCHY sub-series. - JZ, 3.6.94. - Visit: & - NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

COEXISTENCE: Two or three more decades of peaceful co-existence as glorious as the last and the very concept of the West will vanish from the face of the earth." - Alexander Solzhenitsyn, on the advance of communism, quoted in SUNDAY TELEGRAPH, 8.6.75.

COEXISTENCE: When tyrants fail, they plead for coexistence; when they are successful, they rule it out." - Dagobert D. Runes, Handbook of Reason, p.39.

COEXISTENCE: With political power one cannot peacefully coexist. - JZ, 20.11.78. - Nowadays I always tend to add: "territorial" to "power" or other related terms. - JZ, 3.6.94.

COFFEE: Are we, on the whole, civilized and cultured to the extent that we drink coffee and tea rather than wine, beer, whisky or use other mind-numbing drugs? - JZ, 11.4.84. - If I were a conspiracy theorist, I would say that the Nazis rose to power when many people, due to the depression, could not afford coffee and it reached its worst excesses when coffee was practically unattainable to most, most of the time. But Communist totalitarianism came to its worst excesses when at least tea from China was still largely accessible, I presume. And the top totalitarian decision-makers, if they wanted coffee, probably had never to go without it. Hitler's being a vegetarian, teetotaller and non-smoker did not sufficiently improve him as a human being or render him harmless. I do not know whether he consumed coffee and or tea. Moreover, coffee and tea are not mind-stimulants for all people, just for many. I know of no other drugs as yet, from experience, that could be classed as truly mind-expanding. I do hold, though, that our civilization and culture, our liberties, our wealth, our health and the cause of peace would have been much advanced if alcoholic drinks and smoking had been voluntarily renounced in favour of coffee, tea and still more aromatic and spicy foods and soft drinks. Maybe, even, if the soft-drink consumption had not expanded as much as it has during the last decades, WW III would already have occurred, even if only accidentally or negligently or angrily started by some drunk officer. - JZ, 3.6.94. – According to recent newspaper report, beer consumption in Australia has gone down. I consider this to be a positive sign. But it may only mean that e.g. wine consumption and that of hard liquors has gone up. – JZ, 10.11.10. – ALCOHOLC & OTHER DRUGS

COFFEE: Drink more Coffee! Researchers at Harvard found that men who drank six or more cups of coffee were 59 percent less likely to develop prostate cancer. - Facebook, 29.11.12. – What about e.g. heart attacks among them? – JZ, 29.11.12. – Special health benefits have recently also been claimed for green coffee. – JZ, 20.7.13. - & CANCER OF THE PROSTATE

COFFEE-HOUSES: It is a folly of too many to mistake the echo of a London coffee-house for the voice of the kingdom." - Jonathan Swift, 1667 - 1745. - Perhaps not so much when one remembers that most of the English newspapers originated there? I presume that the intellectual quality was usually higher in the debates there and less jobbery, power-seeking and vested interest was involved. Cromwell's Ironsides at one stage represented to a large extent the best public opinion of its time. Perhaps, later, the coffee-house crowds did? - JZ, 3.6.94. - The echo of the coffee-house is certainly not as dangerous as the voice of the kingdom. - JZ, 2.4.77. - Has anybody ever made a proper comparison between the good coming out of kingdoms and empires and the the good coming out of coffee houses? - JZ, 30.7.78. – At least one book title exists, which states in its title: Coffee, the Revolutionary Drink. – JZ, 30.1.13.

COFFEE-HOUSES: Let no man grumble when his friends fall off, As they will do like leaves at the first breeze: When your affairs come round, one way or t'other, Go to the coffee-house, and take another." - Byron, Don Juan, XIV, 1823.

COGNIZANT OMISSION: Cognizant Omission' offers another way to achieve brevity. It is very useful in complicated subjects where innumerable angles suggest themselves in advance before the audience has heard what you are going to say. The technique is simple and easy to use with a remark like this: 'When we first began work on this problem, we listed everything we could think of that might influence a good solution. Some of these were: (Here list all of the angles or variables). As we went further into the subject, we found that, while all of these did have some bearing, only three of them were really important. Ignoring the rest would not affect our answer to an appreciable degree. The rest of my story addresses itself to these three factors, and after I'm finished, if anyone wishes to discuss the ones we omitted, we can do so." - Henry Boettinger, Moving Mountains, p.116. - As a book it is, I believe, a monumental achievement. This is just one of many useful tips he provides. I wish it would be applied e.g. to discussions of the refugee problem, of minorities, of depressions, deflations, defence questions, the nuclear war threat, the overpopulation notions and many others. “The secret to bore consists in saying everything.” - For some explanations of these and others methods see under ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF REFUTATIONS, COMPUTER CONFERENCING, FLOW CHART DISCUSSIONS, IDEAS ARCHIVE, ELECTRONIC ARGUMENT MAPPING as explained online by Paul Monk et al. – BREVITY, CONCISENESS, SLOGANS FOR LIBERTY

COINAGE: The state's nationalisation of the minting business injured the free market and the monetary system in many ways. One neglected point is that government minting is subject to the same flaws, inefficiencies, and tyranny over the consumer as every other government operation. Since coins are a convenient monetary shape for daily transactions, the state's decree that only X, Y, and Z denominations shall be coined imposes a loss of utility on consumers and substitutes uniformity for the diversity of the market. It also begins the long disastrous slide from an emphasis on weight to an emphasis on name, or tale. In short, under private coinage there would be a number of denominations, in strict accordance with the variety of consumer wants. The private stamp would probably guarantee fineness rather than weight, and the coins would circulate by weight. (Why not weight & fineness?) But if the government decrees just a few denominations, then weight begins to be disregarded, and the name of the coin to be considered more and more..." – Murray N. Rothbard, The 100% Gold Dollar, p.14. Compare my alphabetized, long, but still very incomplete compilation of monetary freedom ideas, practices, terms and proposals, now available at: - JZ, 1.10.02. - Rare metals are an unnecessary expense for competitively provided coinage. It could be produced in cheap metals or plastic, as long as some anti-forgery steps are taken. Their decentralized issue, local circulation and, usually, rapid reflux, if they are a shop currency, would anyhow tend to reduce forgery. – JZ, 30.1.13.

COLD WAR: The cold war! How can government expect their military to guide their actions by such a blatantly sordid euphemism? Is there really such a thing possible as a half-war? Can one half-fight with these deadly weapons?" - Mark Rascovich, The Bedford Incident, 332. - Not every war has to be a total war, a nuclear one or one with scorched earth policies and no-pardon giving by either side. However, mitigating war’s injustices and atrocities and finally eliminating them, by reducing wars to just and limited police actions, against the genuine war criminals, is also a sensible approach. - JZ, 3.6.94. - Nor should the propaganda or enlightenment efforts be neglected. Avoiding total or conventional wars, whenever possible, is highly recommendable. But that all conventional wars were not prevented during the "Cold War" period is well known. Many "brush fire" wars did take place, largely sponsored by the main contenders of the "Cold War" and their total losses were great. - JZ, 1.10.02.

COLDS: If you put a bit of garlic into your shoes, you never get a cold. – Alan Morgan, 22.8.82. – He was a workmate of mine, older than myself. My note on this was mislaid until now and it had forgotten this “advice”. Can such a seemingly obvious absurdity, if one really believes in its effects, act as a preventative or even as a cure? I tested it only once – but I use fresh garlic extensively in my food. It can hardly do any harm, except to add some extra smell to one’s feet and shoes. And if it is one of the millions of such hints that fail to be helpful, at least it could provide another laugh, which is supposed to be healthy. – Compare homoeopathy, which is still controversial or doubted by most. – For months I had a skin infection. Half a dozen prescribed and orthodox ointments did not work for me. Finally, a few application of colloidally suspended silver did. Was it mere coincidence? – A comprehensive digital health encyclopaedia, on a large disc, is, unfortunately, still missing. – Even many very important rights and liberties are not yet part of public opinions but millions of errors, superstitions, prejudices, false assumptions and conclusions in the sphere of the “social sciences” still are and a refutations encyclopaedia for them is still missing, too. - JZ, 9.3.12. – SUPERSTITIONS, OLD WIVES’ TALES, ALTERNATIVE HEALTH TIPS BY THE MILLIONS, WITH THE VAST MAJORITY NOT WORKING AT ALL.

COLLABORATION: Able individuals do exist in large numbers. However, if they do not understand how to collaborate then they cannot do anything with each other." - Liae Dse, an ancient Chinese. – They must also be free to collaborate and experiment. In very important spheres territorial governments have monopolized experimentation and never learn sufficiently from their own mistakes. – JZ, 10.11.10. - DIVISION OF LABOUR, ORGANISATION, ANARCHISM, CHAOS, ORDER, COOPERATION, LIBERTARIANS, ANARCHISTS. COMPARE PROJECTS LIKE THE SUPER COMPUTER PROJECT, THE IDEAS ARCHIVE, WORLD LIBRARY, LIBERTARIAN LIBRARY, LIBERTARIAN ENCYCLOPAEDIA, LIBERTARIAN MICROFICHE PUBLISHING, CONTACTS, FINANCE PLAN (PP 19C), LIBERTARIAN BIBLIOGRAPHIES, ABSTRACTS, INDEXES, REVIEW COMPILATIONS, CD- PROJECT: CULTURAL REVOLUTION, ENLIGHTENMENT, PANARCHISM

COLLAPSE: Too many economic reformers imagine the economy to collapse unless their particular rostrums or nostrums, (programmes, medicines, panaceas, cure-alls) are practised. They use that fear and threat to peddle their particular "medicines" or nostrums. But people can "live" or survive somewhat, at least for a while, even in trenches, caves and slums, without immediately "collapsing". The question is not so much what medicines are to be used but how to restore all natural curative powers - which requires freedom to reject new as well as old and current nostrums. Free choice of doctors, even of quacks, and of medicines! Leave the poor patients alone and they are much less likely to come to the stage of their collapse. At most point out self-help possibilities and sources for sound advice and help. - JZ, 7.6.82, 3.6.94. - TOLERANCE, PANARCHISM, INTOLERANCE, CHOICE

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING: Compulsory bargaining legislation subjects the employees involved to union orders and to union control." - Professor Petro, in THE FREEMAN, 8/75.

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING: Compulsory Collective Bargaining: Taken all in all, the current structure of labor law and labor policy is a vast and infernally complex machine for eliminating all competition in labor markets by promoting compulsory and monopolistic collective bargaining. The ultimate objectives are variously stated - to produce 'industrial peace', to eliminate 'commerce-impairing strikes', to equalise bargaining power between powerful employers and powerless employees, or, by 'taking wages out of competition', to get for workers higher wages and better working conditions than they are able to get by individual bargaining on free labor markets." - Sylvester Petro, THE FREEMAN, 7/76. - If coercion is the solution to get rich, why bother working at all and not simply engage in robbery outright? If "full ownership of the own values added to goods and services" is aimed at, then why not realize it through shares, decentralisation of enterprises, productive cooperatives, work cooperatives or autonomous work groups, gang work contracts, partnerships and other industrial organisation development and self-management schemes, all on a voluntary basis? - The unionist functionaries do not like such alternatives - because they would be made superfluous by them. - JZ, 3.6.94.

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING: If union membership and collective bargaining were not compulsory, then only members and those who made or consented to their contracts, would have to suffer under them. - JZ, 3.7.87.

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING: In States that did not have public sector bargaining legislation... there was an average of 1.1 strikes per year. In States which had imposed compulsory collective bargaining on the entities of government, there was an average of 4.6 strikes per year." - David Donholm, Public Service Research Council, SOUTHERN LIBERTARIAN MESSENGER, 8/77. – STRIKES, UNIONS

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING: Labor unions have a standard formula. First, the government grants special privileges and immunities. Then workers in various trades are organised - some 18 to 20 million - and each union hierarchy, after winning an election, speaks AUTHORITATIVELY for all members - even for the minority ranging up to 49%, who had the choice of becoming members or losing their jobs. This is euphemistically referred to as 'collective bargaining'. The unions 'bargain' for - demand - above-market wages, more and more fringe benefits ( which are really wages ), and fewer hours of work. When the union side of the 'bargain' is not acceded to, the collective threatens to quit or actually does so. And then force or the threat of force is employed to keep others from taking the jobs the strikers have vacated. This coercive tactic - the strike - rather than economic reasoning, is the language they use to persuade." - Leonard E. Read, Talking to Myself, p.77.

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING: So I fully agree with the ultimate goal of raising the standard of living everywhere. But I disagree about the measures to be adopted in attaining this goal. What measures will attain this end? Not protection, not government interference, not socialism, and certainly not the violence of labor unions (euphemistically called collective bargaining), which in fact, is bargaining AT THE POINT OF A GUN ). – Ludwig von Mises, Economic Policy, p.90. - I particularly dislike the term "industrial action" for the "anti-industrial actions" of strikes and boycotts as well as sabotage. Collective bargaining offers the more productive individuals lesser bargains than they could obtain for themselves, if free to bargain individually. E.g., they could commit themselves not to engage in strikes, to give sufficient notice if they want to leave and not to take "sickies" and not to engage "go slow" or "work to rule" practices or other counter-productive union activities. These commitments alone would already be worth something extra to many employers. - JZ, 1.10.02.

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING: the general influence of collective bargaining can only be removed by offering working people an alternative and better protection than national trade unions can offer. The only potentially acceptable alternative is a change in company law which gives ownership and ultimate control of enterprises to the people employed by them. They would then have to sink or swim in a market environment." - Peter Jay, Employment, Inflation and Politics, 1976. - Quoted in R. Harrisand A. Seldon, Not from Benevolence, p. 143. - I for one find the notion of "giving" the shares of other people away, to those people employed in share companies, abhorrent. Why such a privilege of employees at the expense of the shareholders? Employees are already free to buy shares. If they collaborated in purchasing shares in the companies they work in, preferably by issuing their own industrial bonds for swaps, they could become owners soon and they would be in a position to outbid most other bidders in this take-over bid, because, as their own enterprise, it would, even under merely average elected supervisors, advisors and specialists, tend to become much more productive and competitive. - JZ, 3.6.94.

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING: Voluntary collective bargaining would be rightful and perhaps even useful to the individual participants in it. But monopolistic and compulsory collective bargaining is never rightful and is economically objectionable if it does not permit individuals to strike different and independent bargains for themselves. - JZ 2.9.93, 21.76.13. - Every shopper and private buyer in garage sales and auctions knows that. Only under the influence of trade unionist prejudices and mythology do they tend to forget or ignore this truth. - JZ, 3.6.94. - UNIONS

COLLECTIVE LEADERSHIP: In the Soviet Union, the cult of impersonality. Socialism with no face at all." - L. A. Rollins, Lucifer's Lexicon. – As if Lenin, Stalin, Mao, Hitler, Mussolini, Castro etc. did not put up their faces almost everywhere and did not enforce their inhuman commands through their territorial powers. – Personality cult is one of the main features of all totalitarian regimes. – Alas, also of democratic ones. As if sound ideas and programs, vs. unsound ones, did not matter at all. - JZ, 27.11.08.

COLLECTIVE PRAISE: Commenting on a June 1941 collective praise by Hans Habe, in Ob Tausend Fallen, Rowohlt, Stuttgart, Hamburg, S. 404, for English soldiers, sailors and pilots, Ulrich von Beckerath remarked in July 1956: “Page 404 does not please me: Collective admiration is no good, either.” (“Seite 404 missfaellt mir; kollektive Bewunderung taugt auch nichts.”) – Nor is a collective guilt feeling warranted when no genuine individual responsibility was involved. – JZ, 10.11.10. – JZ, COLLECTIVE PRAISE IS MORALLY NOT BETTER THAN COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: A case from the film on Gandhi: A Hindu killed a Muslim child because Muslims killed his son. (G. condemned him to bring up a Muslim orphan as a Muslim.)

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: All concentration camps, extermination camps, genocides, mass murders, "ethnic cleansing" and "liquidation" attempts operate, largely, on the basis of supposedly collective responsibility. But for most even that death stench is not yet enough. They hold collectively almost everything and everyone collectively responsible - except this "principle" itself and its wrongful applications. Mostly it is not even part of their vocabulary. They just act upon it, without a doubt, without a discussion, as if that were the only option. - JZ, 3.6.94, 1.10.02.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: All taxpayers are held collectively responsible - and so are all citizens living in nuclear "targets", i.e., the majority of the population in the advanced countries of today. They just serve as hostages for the other governments and get no say in the matter. - JZ, 27.10.78, 12.1.83. – NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: All transfer payments in "Welfare" States are based on the 'principle of collective responsibility. - JZ, 9.10.88. - You are not always and under all circumstances "your brother's keeper." That would divide the world into kept people and their keepers, would increase the number of the kept and so impoverish the keepers that they finally will merely aspire to become kept people, too. - A mere family obligation cannot be sensibly transferred to a nation with millions of members. - That would destroy the responsibilities, duties and voluntarism involved, also the family relationships. - This "needs" and "claims" and collective responsibility notion ignores property rights, self-responsibilities of the recipients and also the insurance and credit options in a free economy, as well as voluntary charity and mutual aid organisation options. - JZ, 3.6.94.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Already in the Psalms and Book of Job are signs that the Hebrew mind was in a transition state. When Ezekiel declared that the son should not be responsible for the iniquity of the father nor the father for the iniquity of the son, that the righteousness of the righteous should be upon him, and that the wickedness of the wicked should be upon him, he was preparing the way for a new system of ideas in regard to retribution.” - Winwood Reade: The Martyrdom of Man, p.166. – INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Any killing according to the principle of collective responsibility is murder, not punishment, regardless whether it is done e.g. by a Nazi against a Jew or by a Jew against a German or by anyone against any member of another group "just for being a member of that other group". Killing is mostly only justifiable in self-defence or as the execution of someone who is individually responsible for extreme crimes. - JZ, 1.11.80. - The current continuous clashes between Arabs and Jews in and around Israel are on the Arab side consistently practised under collective responsibility notions, "authorising" or "justifying", to them, their terrorist actions against innocents, while on the Israeli side at least some attempts are made to single out the major Arab terrorists for counter-strikes, from assassinations to bombing attacks. However, this division is not pure, as was demonstrated e.g. when milk supply for babies in blockaded Palestinian villages was stopped. Israelis, too, have acted on this wrongful principle, at least in some cases - and I miss an open discussion and criticism of it on both sides. As well as a discussion on the exterritorial autonomy and voluntaristic alternatives and the monetary and financial freedom alternatives that could, to a large extent, eliminate the motives for terrorist actions based on collective responsibility notions. (Have these topics ever been brought up in Middle East peace conferences? – JZ, 30.1.13.) This in spite of the fact that Arabs as well as Jews in the area experienced prolonged and large degrees of exterritorial autonomy in their histories. Under modern territorial nationalism and compulsory mis-education this tradition has been largely forgotten. Both subscribe to the faith of territorialism. Both want to dominate whole countries or territories and their whole populations, quite exclusively. This must lead to frequent armed clashes and terror acts, especially when many people, at least on one side, do not even subscribe to religious liberty and tolerance as yet. - JZ, 1.10.02. – Both do also subscribe to monetary and financial despotism, which, which tend to bring about one economic crisis after the other – in which “foreigners” are mostly treated as the primary scapegoats. – JZ, 30.1.13.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: As a 10 and 11 year old I was also held collectively responsible, with explosive- and incendiary bombs, for the crimes of my ruler, whom I had had no chance to vote in or out of office or to resist effectively. The Western Allies attempted to destroy me, too, as if I were merely Hitler’s property or Hitler’s active supporter. The Stalin regime committed mass murder on a vast scale, too, but not by area bombing of civilians. Naturally, from a Nazi regime one could not expect anything better than such crimes. By the Western Allies committing them, too, the Nazi regime was strengthened and prolonged rather than weakened and shortened and the Western Allies lost more of their soldiers, too, as a result of this ill considered and quite immoral warfare “policy”. They had no clue what quite rightful war aims towards the diverse people living in Germany would have meant and required. And by their later actions, too, they still showed that they have not yet learnt enough about rightful war and peace aims and warfare methods. – JZ, 23.10.07, 10.11.10. – Soldiers on leave from the Front and experiencing air raids in our air raid shelter with us, expressed the opinion, that there was something right about the Nazi propaganda, that the Allies did, apparently, intend to exterminate all Germans. Thus went back to the Front, determined to resist all the more! The arms production of Germany was reduced by all the air raids only by about 12 %. – The “morale” of the conscripts and volunteers of the soldiers and officers of the Nazi regime was thus boosted by more than 12%. – Germans made dozens of attempts to execute Hitler. Did the Alllies make even one such an attempt, with all the soldiers and arms at their disposal? – The Hitler salute was also a disarming salute – except for left-handed people. – Very shortly after the war, after having been conditioned to the Nazi salute in public for all our lives, a friend and I spontaneously uttered it, once, in a shop. The shop keeper got very angry, imagined that we were provoking him - and chased is away. We never fell into that bad habit again. But then we were only 11 and as such, sometimes, rather thoughtless. – In public almost nobody had dared, for 12 years, to change the expression of “Heil Hitler!” into “Heile Hitler!” (Cure Hitler!) - JZ, 30.1.13. - AIR RAIDS, BOMBING OF CIVILIANS, WHOLE CITIES, UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER DEMANDS, WAR & PEACE AIMS DECLARATION, TYRANNICIDE, LIBERATION

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Christ, as Christian teacher, has supposedly taken all the past and future sins of man upon his shoulders, has made himself thus, or by instruction from God, collectively responsible for all of our sins! If he did really oppose the principle in its general form and in all its particular applications, then this has not come upon us and is not conveyed to us by any of the "Christian" denomination churches and sects. If he went along with it, tacitly assuming that this is right, then he would never have said anything against it. As it was, like most of the Christians of our times, and according to the biblical "record", he had not clearly made up his mind on this fundamental moral problem, either. In Matth. 23.37 the principle is considered to be self-evident. Compare also Luk. 13.34 and Matth. 10.14 & 10.15. Jesus did not recognize "inherited sin" in Joh. 9.2ff. Perhaps he was altogether against this "principle" but there is not clear proof of this left. If Christianity is not even clear on this, not even today, then what moral value does it have? In this case silence could be interpreted as approval, like silence on child sacrifices or ritual murders of children, child abuse, rape of children and incestuous relationships with children. Christians have likewise failed to make up their minds, quite clearly, about individual responsibility for tyrants and against collective responsibility of their victims, e.g., via indiscriminate conventional air raids and those attacks prepared for with ABC mass murder devices or anti-people "weapons". - If their ethics is not even quite clear on such subjects - then what is it worth? - JZ, n.d. & 1.10.02. – CHRIST, CHRISTIANITY, RELIGION

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Coercive collective responsibility is the essence of collectivism in the derogatory sense. - JZ, 27.10.78.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Collective responsibility 'thinking' leads to injustice, atrocities and war. - JZ, 10.4.87. - Collective responsibility notions are behind every ABC mass murder device and “nuclear strength” and “nuclear deterrent” “policy”. - JZ, 1.10.02, 30.1.13.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Collective responsibility is the foundation for the preparation of any war with ABC mass murder devices. It provides targets, motives and means for such man-made catastrophes. Yet it is almost never discussed in connection with the threat of nuclear war - although by now there may exist thousands if not ten-thousands of volumes on this subject. - JZ, 25.4.87, 3.6.94.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Collective responsibility is the worst case of mistaken identity. By now it threatens the very survival of man. - JZ, 25.4.87. - MAD: MUTUAL ASSURED DESTRUCTION, DETERRENCE POLICY, DOOMSDAY BOMB, NUCLEAR STRENGTH, NUCLEAR WAR THREAT

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Collective Responsibility should only be applied where and when one can freely and individually secede - but does not. - JZ, 28.3.94, 30.1.13.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Could it be defined as "guilt by involuntary association"? - JZ, 1983. It presumes guilt among innocents who merely have some trait or traits in common with the real offenders and who are, often, the first victims of the offenders on the throne or in high office. "A red-head has committed a murder. So let us execute all red heads!" - JZ, 3.6.94.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Defending all Germans - or all members of any other nationality or "people", is just as bad as attacking all members of a nation or people or community or minority or majority group. - JZ, 14.1.77, 3.6.94. – Notions of collective innocence are no more correct than collective guilt notions are. – Compare also the “myth of the chosen people”. - JZ, 27.11.08. - NATIONALISM, RACISM, RELIGIOUS INTOLERANCE

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Don't judge the good apples by the bad apples. - JZ, 11.9. 75. – Or give the bad apples the credit which only the good apples earned. To that extent e.g. “Made in Germany” and “Australian Made” are also misleading statements, regarding quality and prosperity. – JZ, 27.11.08, 10.11.10.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: For instance: A government that I have not elected for myself pretends to represent me when it is committing acts of terrorism against the subjects and victims of another unrepresentative government, for its real or asserted crimes, and, thereupon, that other territorial government commits acts of terrorism also against me, my family and friends and calls that just retaliation, although neither of us had any say on the crimes committed by “our” government, which does not represent us but merely taxes and misrules us. – JZ, 6.5.05, 23.10.07.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Go ye after him through the city, and smite: let not your eye spare, neither have ye pity; slay utterly old and young, both maids and little children." - Ezekiel, IX, 5-6, c. 600 B.C. - The holy book of a merciful God, who loves all his children! - JZ, 1.10.02. – GOD, BIBLE, CHRISTIANITY, CHURCHES

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Guilt assumed to exist by mere association, however remote and imagined the association is. – JZ, 2.3.07, 17.9.08.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Guilt by association is not conclusive but considerable. I think little of the virgin who spends her days in a brothel." - D. R. Runes, Treasury of Thought, p 58. - A rather far-fetched analogy - for how many virgins do spend their time there, unless they were enslaved as sex slaves? - JZ, 18.5.94, 30.1.13. – Most brothels, apart from e.g. “white slavery”, conduct only voluntary transactions. What about libertarians working in a tax department, or in the police force? – JZ, 27.11.08.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Hey, don't judge entire nations by recent politics.” - Poul Anderson, Fire Time, p. 71. - POLITICS, NATIONS, PEOPLES, TERRITORIALISM, WARFARE

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: I do not know the method of drawing up an indictment against a whole people." - Edmund Burke, 2nd speech on conciliation with America, 1775.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: If a way was found of entirely wiping out the whole of London it would be more humane to employ it than to allow the blood of A SINGLE GERMAN SOLDIER to be shed on the battlefield.” – Martin Erzberger, German Catholic politician, DER TAG, 21. Oct. 1914. – So much for the civilizing influence of Christianity. – JZ, 9.10.07. - WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION, NUCLEAR WEAPONS, HUMANITY OF POLITICIANS, CHRISTIANITY

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: In our time there is hardly anything more wrong, stupid and popular than "judging", targeting, penalising, restricting or killing people in application, often quite unconsciously, as if it were automatically self-evident, not requiring any proof or even declaration of the "principle" of collective responsibility. There are almost no discussions of it in schools, universities, books or periodicals, least of all in parliaments. - JZ, 24.6.85, 3.6.94.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: INDIVIDUAL, instead of mixed or communistic responsibilities appears to be the only possible remedy against a whole city or a whole nation being destroyed for the words or acts of two or three of its members! One, and perhaps more, of the ferocious partisan newspapers openly advocated the destruction of the whole city of Baltimore, on account of the acts of five or six of its inhabitants! Education on this subject would hold those five or six alone responsible for their acts, unless others voluntarily assumed responsibility for them, and no greater element of confusion and violence exists in our midst than holding every one responsible for all the opinions or acts of those with whom they may occasionally associate. No one would be willing to be responsible for all the acts of the best friend he may have, and the axiom, 'Tell me what company you keep, and I will tell you what your are,' is true only with those who have no individuality - no self-hood, no private judgement, and it has done, and is continually doing, more harm than can ever be estimated." - Josiah Warren, True Civilization, p.153.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: International affairs will be placed on a better footing when it is understood that there is no way of punishing a people for the crimes of its rulers." - Bernard Berenson, N.Y. Times Book Review, in G. Seldes, The Great Quotations. - That reminds me of the caricature of two vagrants on a part bench. One says to the other: "You know? Nuclear weapons do not really exist!" - JZ, 12.1.83. – The existence of problems is all too often simply denied. - “No way”? It is the common practice of all nuclear deterrence efforts and of all indiscriminate air raids and of all hostage taking, and of all terrorist acts. It is only impossible to inflict a JUST punishment in this way. – JZ, 16.11.08.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: It is just as irrational to blow up a country because it harbours criminals as it would be to condemn a family to be killed because one member committed a crime.” - Rosalie Bertell, No Immediate Danger. Prognosis for a Radioactive Earth, The Women’s Press, 1985, p 369.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: it would be unjust to let millions die for the crime of a few." - Poul Anderson, The Book of Poul Anderson, p. 275. - INJUSTICE, CRIME, GOVERNMENTS, INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: No creature attacks what it sees, only what it thinks it sees.” - Frank Herbert & Bill Ransom, The Jesus Incident, p.399. - TERRORISM, NONCOMBATANTS, GUILT, TARGETS, ATTACKS, AGGRESSION, ENEMY, BELIEFS, FAITH, WAR AIMS, VIOLENCE, SELF-DECEPTION, INITIATION OF FORCE, MAN

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: One elementary rule for warfare is: Never fight an enemy in a way he wants you to fight him - collectively, so that he can rally his full potential strength and “unify” "his" forces. This unity, which you do thereby create, is the enemy's largest military asset and will certainly either prolong the war or shorten it: by handing the victory to the enemy regime. - JZ, n.d. & 21.7.13.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Perhaps only all those who do NOT condemn the principle of collective responsibility, after its wrongfulness and irrationality has been clearly and publicly pointed out to them, could be rightly held collectively responsible. Another group to whom it might be applied, for similar crimes, are convicts. For the alternative would mean that they are not collectively responsible for all the damages due to their particular kinds of crimes - but the victims of these crimes are, as tax payers or contributors to insurance companies! - JZ, 31.10.83, 3.6.94, 16.11.08.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: President Roosevelt and Winston Churchill condemned the killing of French hostages. It was October 25, 1941. “Civilized peoples long ago adopted the basic principle that no man should be punished for the deed of another,” Roosevelt said. “Frightfulness can never bring peace to Europe. It only sows the seeds of hatred which will one day bring fearful retribution.” – Churchill said: “Retribution for these crimes must henceforward take its place among the major purposes of the war.” - Nicholson Baker, Human Smoke, the Beginnings of World War II, the End of Civilization, Simon & Schuster, 2008, p.417. – But he kept on applying the principle of collective responsibility of subjects of a government for the criminal actions of their government – with his indiscriminate bombing “policy”. And neither he nor any of the other leading men involved were ever charged, officially as war criminals for this! – JZ, 14.9.08. - MURDER OF FRENCH HOSTAGES BY NAZI REGIME,  WAR CRIMINALS, INDISCRIMINATE AIR RAIDS ON CITIES, ALREADY LONG OUTLAWED BY INTERNATIONAL LAW

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Put a man in a fighting situation, as a result of collective responsibility "thinking", and he will fight. After some of his mates have been killed in the fighting, he will then even tend to fight hatefully, hating members of the other side as if they were his personal enemies, by quite wrongfully applying the principle of collective responsibility. He may never have met them and may never meet them, yet he will then be prepared to kill them, even at a distance and en masse. - JZ, 12.1.83, 10.11.10. - This in spite of the fact that they may be just conscripts and victims of government policies and decisions like himself. It is typical that soldiers have to be put in uniforms - to be clearly recognisable as official enemies. Morally each has the right to choose his own enemies and friends. Those for whom they are officially declared are dehumanised into puppets, clay and property of rulers. - JZ, 18.5.94.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Some foolish youths condemn all old people and some foolish old people condemn all youths. – JZ, 30.1.13.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Taxation is perhaps the most wide-spread example of the principle of collective responsibility. But how many of its enemies question it on that moral ground? - JZ, 30.3.84, 3.6.94. – Nuclear “weapons” are probably the most dangerous application – but remain also largely unquestioned and undoubted on that point. If it were not for that “principle”, they would not have been developed, built and kept in readiness. Nuclear disarmament has to start with the demolition of that “principle”! – JZ, 27.11.08. – TAXATION, WELFARE STATE, NUCLEAR “WEAPONS”

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: The declaration, which says that God visits the sins of the fathers upon the children, is contrary to every principle of moral justice. - Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason. – It is also contrary to every notion of God as a loving father and a decent guy. - JZ, 1.10.02.– It does not need divine intervention when a father wastes his property and or his health or life and leaves his children nothing, except, perhaps, the memory of a bad father. – JZ, 24.3.12. -  GOD, CHRISTIANITY, BIBLE TEACHINGS, INJUSTICE, INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY VS. COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY, JUSTICE, SINS, FATHERS & CHILDREN

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: The fact that the ‘person’ whose punishment we demand in the case of the enemy is not a person at all, either bad or good, but millions of different persons of varying degrees of badness and goodness, many of them – millions – without any responsibility at all for the crime that angers us, this fact, if faced, would alter the nature of our feelings. We should see that we were confronted by a case of mistaken identity.” - Norman Angell, Human Nature and the Peace Problem, 1925, p.121. – WAR, ENEMY

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: The guilt of a government is the crime of a whole country." - Thomas Paine, The American Crisis, 1776 - 1783, 12. - So even Paine was not free of this extreme misjudgement. At most collective responsibility could be rightfully employed if all members were volunteers and fully informed of the crimes of a regime and had the chance to protest and resist but did not take it. - JZ, 3.6.94, 10.11.10.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: The indemnification claims e.g. of Jewish people against "Germans", rather than only against convicted Nazi criminals, and that of Australian Aborigines against all "Whites", even recent white immigrants and their children, are based on this immoral and absurd principle. - How does an "Aboriginal", who is one quarter or half white or 3/4 white, intend to pursue this claim against his white quarter, half or 3/4 "white" blood? Should all surviving agnostics, atheists and Protestants raise indemnification claims against the Catholic Church, arising out of religious wars and civil wars, the burning of witches and heretics, the Inquisition, the past confiscations of properties? - JZ, June 94. - Indeed, since then we have seen indemnification claims by somewhat or wholly black Americans - but only against all "white" Americans (Automatically included, as taxpayers, are e.g. as obviously innocent people, in this respect, as Red Indians, Eskimos and, by now, many more recent arrivals from Asia and all immigrants or their descendants, who arrived only after Slavery was long ended in the U.S. Add those whose U.S. ancestors never held any slaves.) and not against any African slave masters and slave traders. Since the principle is almost never sufficiently discussed in public, all kinds of absurd claims are raised under it. There were even some black slave holders in the USA. Should their descendants be held responsible for their actions? And what about those slave holders, especially in North Africa, who held white slaves? What about the slaves of Ancient Egypt or of Greece or Rome? I would rather like to see more rightful actions in favour of presently remaining slaves, especially of women and children in some areas of the world. Their number may exceed that of  the slaves that were at any time held in the U.S. - The number of tax slaves and slaves of the governmental education system does certainly far exceed the numbers of other slaves at any time in the past. – Not to forget the number of conscripts, really military slaves. Furthermore, while "wage slavery" is a wild exaggeration, in most instances, much can and should be done still to achieve full liberation at the work places. -  JZ, 1.10.02, 10.11.10.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: The kindliest ordinary citizen might have fiends for leaders." - Poul Anderson: After Doomsday, 49. – LEADERSHIP, RULERS, REPRESENTATION

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: The principle of collective responsibility dominates the world and the condition of the world is correspondingly bad." - Ulrich von Beckerath.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: The whites have killed our brothers, now we kill the whites." - Ascribed to Red Indians. - "The whites have killed Jesus Christ. Now we kill the whites." - Ascribed to black Haitian revolutionaries against rule by white slave masters. - The communist regime rules despotically over its subjects - so let us threaten these subjects with ABC mass murder devices! - The "capitalistic" system "exploits the "proletarians", so let us threaten to wipe out all these proletarian victims together with their capitalistic employers and any bourgeois. - Widespread views and policies, for decades, in West and East. Largely remaining unquestioned, undoubted and not subjected to moral and rational criticism. Antisemitism and other racism and hatreds of other nations and religions are based on nothing else. - "Nice people come in all colours." - Bumpersticker. Nice people can even be found in all churches, sects and ideologies, in professions and trades, well, in larger or smaller numbers - and so can nasty people and even criminals. Thus all should be judged, as a rule, individually, i.e., by their individual actions, and not by their unchosen or even chosen common traits. - JZ, 1.10.02, 27.11.08, 10.11.10. – Not even every Nazi was a mass murderer or even fully aware of the mass murders committed under this regime or would have approved of them if he knew about them. – Censorship is at least somewhat effective. - JZ, 30.1.13.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: There is a tendency to judge a race, a nation, or a distinct group by its least worthy members." - Eric Hoffer, The True Believer, 1951. - To collectively praise it for the actions of a few of its most intelligent and creative people is as wrong and misleading but less harmful. - JZ, 1.10.02.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Those who act upon that "principle" assume for instance, that someone is e.g. collectively guilty for the crimes of another government just because he has been taxed and otherwise oppressed by that other government. Consequently, even the prosecuted Jews who had managed to flee from the Nazis to England were at first interned, as "enemies"! No rational or moral thought or judgement was involved. An ingrained and often unconscious prejudice was acted upon, triggered like a knee-jerk reflex. - JZ, 18.5.94.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: To permit irresponsible authority is to sow disasters; to hold a man responsible for anything he does not control is to behave with blind idiocy.” – Robert Heinlein, Starship Troopers, p.158. - INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY, RESPONSIBILITY, AUTHORITY

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: What is done publicly by the majority is to be attributed to the whole." - Domitius Ulpianus, Liber singularis regularum, c. 210. - Only once political and economic communities are coexisting exterritorially, on a voluntary basis, with individuals free to secede from them, could one, to some extent, ascribe some of the actions of the community's leaders to each individual member. - JZ, 10.7.86. - Members who to their utmost resisted any wrong that was publicly committed by the majority, should never be held responsible for this action of the majority. That needs only be stated to be obvious. There are individuals and small groups who would remain as unaware of some such actions of the majority, as I am, e.g., of the sports activities in Australia. If one weekend all umpires and referees were murdered by dissatisfied players and spectators, why should I be considered as an accessory? I might not even hear about it until days afterwards. - JZ, 3.6.94.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: When a Nazi acts according to the principle of collective responsibility, then this is understandable although not excusable. He is often merely the moral equivalent of a beast of prey. But if e.g., a Jew does it, then this is less understandable - for with his great moral, cultural and religious tradition he should know better and Jews have suffered long enough under the application of that "principle". When both kill "aliens" indiscriminately, according to the principle of collective responsibility or for "blood and soil" notions or upon command by some ruler or officer, then both are Nazi-types of the worst kind. – JZ, 1/11/80, 12/1/93, 18/5/94, 10.11.10.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: While collective responsibility should not be imposed, collective guilt should not be assumed, either. – JZ, 31.4.06. - COLLECTIVE GUILT?

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: whole planets blackened to get one offender.” - Frank Herbert, Chapterhouse Dune, p.190. – I have still found all too few critical quotes on this subject. – JZ, 21.7.13. - VS. TYRANNICIDE OR THE PUNISHMENT OF INDIVIDUALS

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Why should subjects - and involuntary ones at that - be punished for the crimes of their rulers? - JZ 21.7.87. – Q.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Without this idea of collective personality, or collective responsibility, international hatreds would be a psychological impossibility. Yet the great modern State of to-day covers geographically such a large area that it is made up of good, bad, and indifferent, and must include men of opposite quality, the cold and the passionate, the melancholy and the gay, the kind and the cruel, the stupid and the wise, the Catholic and the Protestant, the Communist and the Tory. To lump all these opposites together and decide that we hate them or we like them, as they case may be, is just about as reasonable as it would be to say that we dislike people who live on the north side of the street, or we cannot stand those who live in odd-numbered houses.” – Norman Angell, Human Nature and the Peace Problem, 1925, p.17/18.

COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY: Your emotions, Jason, are evil. They have convinced you to hate Arko's identity as gorilla... when you should deplore his conduct as transgressor." - From Comics: Planets of the Apes.

COLLECTIVE SECURITY: A diplomatic arrangement for the maintenance of world peace through world war." - L. A. Rollins, Lucifer's Lexicon. - ALLIANCES, BALANCE OF POWER, U.N.

COLLECTIVISM: 1. Does the system exist for the individual man or does the individual man exist for the system? 2. Is the social order more important than the people it embraces, or is it the other way around? 3. Does John Doe have personal individual rights which the system is bound to respect and if so, can he force the system to protect them, or is John Doe an indistinguishable part of a 'mass', 'class' or 'group' for the total society? - Communism, along with Fascism, Nazism, Socialism and every form of Statism, answers: 1. Man exists for the system. 2. The social order is all-important. 3. The individual John Doe has no rights that the system is bound to respect. - Thus in communism, as in despotism generally, the individual as a person is completely lost in the government. His very life's blood is transfused into the governing body for the exclusive use and purpose of that body." - Clarence Manion, The Key to Peace, p. 55. - Note that this definition does still not cover the voluntary collectivism of communist anarchism or libertarian socialism. - J.Z, n.d. - Voluntary collectivism is more obviously practised among monks and nuns - largely for their non-worldly purposes. But there have also been numerous intentional communities or utopian colonies, mostly on the collectivist model - and most freely in countries like the U.S. They are valuable at least as learning experiences for their members and for observers. - JZ, 1.10.02. – COMPARE THE FAMILY COMMUNISM OF NUCLEAR FAMILIES

COLLECTIVISM: a collectivity is without moral responsibility." - Frank Chodorov, Fugitive Essays, p.341. - Compare: "Divided responsibility is none." - COMMITTEES, BOARDS, BUREAUCRACY, PUBLIC SERVICE, PARLIAMENTS

COLLECTIVISM: A good way to get rid of flea infestation would be to collectivise them - that way half of them would starve to death and the rest would run away." - Russian peasant, quoted by Vincent H. Miller, in OPTION 2/77. - JOKES

COLLECTIVISM: A term covering all economic and political systems based on cooperation and central planning, including not only socialism proper but also looser systems such as cooperativism, corporatism, state control, and the general coordination of economic life." - Florence Elliott, A Dictionary of Politics, Penguin Reference Books, 1957.

COLLECTIVISM: a totally collectivised economy has the potential of being the most formidable instrument of oppression in all human history." - Hook, in REASON, 5/77.

COLLECTIVISM: Among the Russians we note that freedom of choice has been forcibly lifted from the individual and shifted to the political collective. The dictator and his henchmen prescribe the manner in which the fruits of the citizen's labor shall be expended and how his life shall be lived." - Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.21. - BUDGETS

COLLECTIVISM: As an obligation to do and decide certain things only together and not individually, collectivism is often wrong and harmful. - JZ, 3.6.94.

COLLECTIVISM: As long as you believe and enforce that all decisions have to be made by all for all, almost nobody will be free to make his own decisions on his own affairs, no one will be his own man or her own woman, no one will be free to life the own life and decide the own fate - as much as is rightful, possible and desirable. - JZ, 26.7.75, 3.6.94. – Except for situations like people on a ship, which can only have one captain in charge, people should be free to decide regarding all their own affairs. – JZ, 11.10.10. - MAJORITY, DEMOCRACY, DECISIONS, SELF-DETERMINATION, SELF-OWNERSHIP, INDEPENDENCE, TERRITORIALISM, COUNTRIEDS, STATES, NATIONS, PEOPLES

COLLECTIVISM: Bastiat deduced the central theme of his concept of the proper functions and limits of government - that is, two or more persons acting together have no right whatever to do collectively anything that is forbidden to the individual in the group." - Dean Russell, Bastiat, p.3. – MAJORITARIANISM, VOTING, DEMOCRACY, DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY

COLLECTIVISM: but in the end, collectivism, under whatever name, is elitist. Somebody makes a career of knowing (*) what is good for you better than you're supposed to know yourself. In his heart, and ever oftener in his behavior, how can he respect you?" - Poul Anderson, Tales of the Flying Mountains, P.135. - (*) or rather pretending to know and making you believe it, like a good conman! – JZ – ELITISM, LEADERSHIP, CENTRALIZATION

COLLECTIVISM: Collectives are harmless or even useful and anyhow rightful only as small circles of friends or associates or collaborators, all volunteers for a common task, doing their things together, quite freely, within the limitations of that framework. - JZ, 5.7.92, 7.6.94, 10.11.10.

COLLECTIVISM: Collectivism as a political theory first emerged in the 18th century as a reaction to individualism. Whereas individualistic social theories and systems emphasise the priority of the individual and his rights, collectivistic theories and systems emphasise the priority of the community and its rights ... individuals are conceived as having no real being apart from society .... In an economic context the word collectivism is used to describe any theory or system which favours governmental ownership of the means of economic production, distribution and exchange. But it is sometimes used to describe any system which favours extensive governmental regulation of the economy...." - Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1958. – Did individualism ever really dominate? – JZ, 10.11.10.

COLLECTIVISM: Collectivism excludes individual property, production and decision-making incentives. Thereby it tends to impoverish the participants. - JZ, 16.7.86, 3.6.94.

COLLECTIVISM: Collectivism is far too cowardly to admit error. Although every decent individual is constantly accusing himself of wrong, there is no record of any nation or any party reaching any such height." - Ernest Benn, Modern Government, p.123. – Collective guilt notions do, indeed, exist in many human beings. – JZ, 16.11.08.

COLLECTIVISM: Collectivism is the ancient principle of savagery. A savage's whole existence is ruled by tribal leaders. Civilization is the process of freeing man from men." - Ayn Rand, The Moral Basis of Individualism. – CIVILIZATION, FREEDOM

COLLECTIVISM: Collectivism really has gone mad. If we're not paying for another generation's follies, we're paying for the follies of others in this generation." - Terry Arthur, 95% Is Crap, p.224.

COLLECTIVISM: Collectivism, term invented by Jean Guillaume Colins (Collins?) (1783-1859), in his Le Pact Social (1835), in which he advocated Rational Socialism, and a mixture of spiritualism and atheism. He conceived of an aggregate of indisputable reasoning to constitute 'impersonal reason': the results of group understanding, and asserted that 'immovable property belongs to all.' Bakunin used the concept of  collectivism to distinguish his ideas from those of Cabet. The Marxists used it to distinguish his ideas from their 'scientific socialism'. Later, however, it acquired socialist, as opposed to anarchist connotations. Following the Russian Revolution, and with the increase of communist areas, notably Red China, collectivism was associated with strong efforts to overthrow individualist and democratic economies, especially on the farm, in favor of communal ownership and operation." - Louis Filler, A Dictionary of American Social Reform, Philosophical Library, N.Y., 1963.

COLLECTIVISM: Compelled to disburden itself of the diversity of its citizens by means of classification, and to receive humanity only at second hand, by representation, the governing section finally loses sight of it completely, confounding it with a mere patchwork of the intellect; and the governed cannot help receiving coldly the laws which are addressed so little towards themselves. Finally, weary of maintaining a bond which is so little alleviated for it by the State, positive society disintegrates (as has long since been the fate of the majority of European States) into a moral state of Nature, where open force is only one MORE party, hated and eluded by those who make it necessary, and respected only by those who can dispense with it." - Friedrich Schiller, The Aesthetic State, in Arblaster, Good Society, p.12/13.

COLLECTIVISM: Do not consider Collectivists as "sincere but deluded idealists". The proposal to enslave some men for the sake of others is not an ideal; brutality is not "idealistic," no matter what its purpose. Do not ever say that the desire to "do good" by force is a good motive. Neither power-lust nor stupidity are good motives. – Ayn Rand- COMPULSORY, COMMUNISM, STATE SOCIALISM & IDEALISM

COLLECTIVISM: First - let us stop this headlong rush toward collectivism. Let there be no more special privileges for employers, employees, farmers, businessmen, or any other group. This is the easiest step of all. We need only refrain from passing more socialistic laws." - Admiral Ben Moreell, Log I, p.114. – CLASS WARFARE

COLLECTIVISM: For all those who speak persuasively concerning the collective soul, or for those who yearn wistfully for life ever-lasting, I can only recommend the immortal slime." - Robert Ardrey. - Just because so far immortality is only available for tiny cell-splitting life forms does not mean that we have to ignore or despise longevity, as rational beings, for higher life forms. - JZ, 1.10.02, 1.11.08.

COLLECTIVISM: For her, he said, the aim is to abolish the State as the source of property, for him it is to be abolished as the enemy of property.” – (Fuer sie, sagte er, gilt es, den Staat als Quelle, fuer ihn, als Feind des Privateigentums abzuschaffen.) - Ulrike Heider, Die Narren der Freiheit, S.118, on Rothbard. - ANARCHISM, COMMUNIST ANARCHISM, PROPERTY, STATE

COLLECTIVISM: For me it consists largely in extensively or comprehensively collectivising property rights and decision-making. That can be done on either a voluntary or a coercive basis. Volunteers of this kind would not be wise but would act within their rights. Collectivists who try to enforce their system upon dissenters are always not only unwise but wrong and cannot achieve freedom, justice, peace, harmony or wealth. - JZ, 2.6.94.

COLLECTIVISM: For me no association is collectivistic, no matter how communistic its internal economic arrangement may be and how authoritarian its structure, when its individual members retain enough individual sovereignty to remain free to secede from that group. - JZ, 15.7.86.

COLLECTIVISM: He not only expects to get something for nothing; he also wants it gift-wrapped." - Safian, 2/15. - NEED, WELFARE STATE, SOCIALISM, CHARITY, RIGHTS TO SOCIAL SERVICE, HOUSING, HEALTH, WORK, ETC., CLAIMS, HANDOUTS

COLLECTIVISM: He not only wants to eat his cake - he also wishes for some other fellow's cookie." - Safian, 2/12.

COLLECTIVISM: I oppose any doctrine which proposes the sacrifice of the individual to the collective, such as communism, socialism, the welfare state, fascism, Nazism and modern liberalism." - Ayn Rand, PLAYBOY Interview.

COLLECTIVISM: If I have toothache or a pain in my toe, it is I that have the pain, and it would not exist if no nerves connected the part concerned with my brain. But when a farmer in Herefordshire is caught in a blizzard, it is not the government in London that feels cold. That is why the individual man is the bearer of good and evil, and not, on the one hand, any separate part of a man, or, on the other hand, any collection of men. To believe that there can be good and evil in a collection of human beings, over and above the good or evil in the various individuals, is an error; moreover, it is an error which leads straight to totalitarianism, and is therefore dangerous." - Bertrand Russell, Authority and the Individual, p.88.

COLLECTIVISM: If it is wrong for one man to live by harming another, then it is that much worse for ten men to do so." - Paul Lepanto, Return to Reason, p.105. - If the harm is inflicted upon a volunteer of a collectivist society, then this is a lesson that individual needs, sometimes even repeatedly or for a long time. Decisive is: Does the individual member remain free to secede from the group and its policies, without risking his neck, property and liberty or job? Many Muslims, Scientologists, coercive Trade Unionists, military officers (towards their men), totalitarian  regimes and territorial democracies and republics would deny this right of individuals to secede and to act autonomously, exterritorially - JZ, 2.6.94. If ten men rob one man of some of his property, is that really ten times as bad as if one man did the same to another? The only difference that I can see is that, usually the ten men will encounter less resistance by their single victim. – JZ, 16.11.08.

COLLECTIVISM: If there is one idea that is held in common by collectivists (*) of every brand, it is the idea of unlimited government. Their solution to every problem is a new law, a new handout, a new tax, a new dose of inflation - in brief, a new extension of government intervention and of government power. Every extension of government power is an increase in the scope of government coercion, which always means a corresponding reduction in the scope of the liberty left to the individual." - Henry Hazlitt, NOTES FROM FEE, May 78. - I would ascribe that idea only to coercive and territorial collectivists, not to those who form e.g. monasteries or communes with voluntary members. - JZ, 15.7.1986. - In my eyes Hazlitt’s remark applies even, although on a smaller scale, to the supposedly non-statist and self-managing collectives and communes aimed at and practised by libertarian socialists and communist anarchists. - I find their organisations only unobjectionable, for me, as an outsider, when they are formed exclusively by volunteers, exclusively concerned with their own internal affairs, i.e. not engaged in armed or unarmed raids against the properties, jobs and lives of others. – For how long in human unrecorded and recorded history did small local tribes, mostly organized under communist principles, fight each others and treated captives a food or slaves? - (*) I would say coercive collectivists! - JZ, 3.6.94, 16.11.08. - STATISM, TERRITORIALISM, WELFARE STATE

COLLECTIVISM: If they collectivised the Sahara, they'd be importing sand in 2 years." - quoted by Vincent H. Miller, in OPTION, 2/77. - See: SOCIALISATION, NATIONALISATION, COMMUNISM

COLLECTIVISM: Imagine a collectivised shopping basket full of goods, of the same type and quantity – just as the collective would have decided you need and would be good for you. Since your choice would be eliminated, you would not even have to go to the trouble of going shopping yourself. Your allocated parcels of rations could be delivered to you. But more likely you would have to pick them up yourself from a distant collectivised distribution centre. You would have to wait in line for them and they would tend to be only small packages, too. You might get them only after queuing up for hours and then you might have to suffer again, in collectivised transport, to bring them home, probably a home you would have to share with all too many others. And that still presumes that a collectivised economy would be able to always supply the few goods that it says you are entitled to. Experience has taught most of the victims differently. - JZ, 3.6.94. – COMMUNISM, PLANNING

COLLECTIVISM: Implicit in the collectivist approach - looking at humanity as a beehive - is the masterminding of the people who make up society: it is the forming and reforming of individuals into patterns - collectives - of which there are countless variations ranging from rent control in New York City to the collective farms in Russia. The control of the individual's life is from without - external - and includes production, distribution, exchange, education, even worship. Any creative activity, to the extent that it comes under governmental control, falls into the collectivised category." - Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.81.

COLLECTIVISM: In a world in which all the evils of self-interest have acquired new strength behind the shield of collectivism, the new army of civil servants is quite entitled to imitate the bricklayers and devote as much thought to their own pay and status as to such matters as value for money ..." - Ernest Benn, Modern Government, p.103. - BUREAUCRACY, PUBLIC SERVANTS, GOVERNMENT, STATISM, UNIONS, CIVIL SERVANTS, OFFICIALS

COLLECTIVISM: In the chapter on property, Maine again shows that the theory of its origin in occupancy is too individualistic and that not separate ownership but joint ownership is the really archaic institution. The father was in some sense (we must avoid importing modern terms) the trustee of the joint property of the family." - J. H. Morgan, in introduction to H. J. S. Maine, Ancient Law, p. IX.

COLLECTIVISM: In the Union of Socialist Republics an average farmer produces sufficient food to feed himself plus six others. The ratio in North America is one plus another 46! In Asia a farmer spends 5 days to produce 100 lbs of grain. In America it takes 5 minutes!" - Vincent H. Miller, in OPTION, 2/77. - ENTERPRISE, AMERICANISM, FREE MARKET ECONOMY, ECONOMIC FREEDOM, LAISSEZ FAIRE, AGRICULTURE, FARM POLICIES, PRODUCTIVITY

COLLECTIVISM: It cannot be said too often - at any rate, it is not being said nearly often enough - that collectivism is not inherently democratic, but, on the contrary, gives to a tyrannical minority such powers as the Spanish Inquisition never dreamed of." - George Orwell, in Tribute to The Road to Serfdom, by F. A. Hayek. - Again, overlooked is the possibility of small and quite voluntary collectives, of like-minded people. who like to decide between them almost everything collectively. That is their right, even though it may result in many mistakes. Only they would have to suffer under them. - JZ, 3.6.94. – DECISION-MAKING MONOPOLY, CENTRALIZATION, POWER

COLLECTIVISM: It is collectivism, not capitalism, which breeds insurrection and revolution." - Hans F. Sennholz, in THE FREEMAN, Aug. 72. – True for compulsory collectivism but also true for every other compulsory and territorially imposed ism. – Even territorially imposed “limited” governments and imposed anarchist societies would lead to some rebellions by the remaining statists. - JZ, 16.11.08, 10.11.10.

COLLECTIVISM: it is incapable of providing any society with a generally high standard of living; its history in every country where it has taken root, is one of continuing failure and political slavery. Collectivism (*) is a failure because it is, in its very fundamentals, a denial of human nature. It is based in a utopian dream-world rather than the hard facts of reality. By suppressing individual differences and the drive for personal achievement, by attempting to equalise unequal human beings under the jackboot of political authoritarianism, socialists, welfarists, and fascists can only generate alienation and widespread discontent. If they do succeed in imposing an effective dictatorship over a society, they must of necessity create an apathetic citizenry, unwilling to produce because of lack of incentive to do so." – Jerome Tuccille, Who Is Afraid of 1984? P.41. – (*) compulsory collectivism! - JZ

COLLECTIVISM: It is not altogether far-fetched to suggest that all collectivist proposals for reform should carry the warning: 'Well-intentioned government actions can seriously damage your wealth." - Ralph Harris, The End of Government....?, p.37.

COLLECTIVISM: It is surely significant that no new consumer goods have been suggested or invented by a collectivist economy." - V. G. D'Estaing, Towards a New Democracy, p. 113. – Can one consider, by now, at least some use of helicopters as consumer services? – JZ, 10.11.10.

COLLECTIVISM: It is when you use 'we' in place of 'I' that you give others the licence to kill." - George Kysor, LIBERTARIAN CONNECTION, 15/12/73.

COLLECTIVISM: It therefore makes no sense to reject collectivism politically, if one does not at the same time propose a decidedly non-socialist solution of the problems of economic and social reform.' The overwhelming majority of our people reject socialism if it is presented to them as government ownership and control of the means of production; but at the same time, many people favor partial socialism, or government operation of certain industries or certain sectors of the economy. This reflects a general failure to understand the market economy." - Admiral Ben Moreell, Log I, p.149, quoting Wilhelm Roepke.

COLLECTIVISM: Its only appeal is: “Force somebody else to pay your bills for you." - JAG, Oct. 25, 1973. - Also: Blame somebody else for your own mistakes or faults. - JZ, 3.6.94.

COLLECTIVISM: Its principle: "Everything that isn't compulsory should be outlawed." - JZ, 14.10.75.

COLLECTIVISM: Just as liberty has become a low order of priority for concern politically, so has the individual become a low order or priority for concern politically. And, of course, it follows. The collectivist view of society which dominates politics of both parties and most people today, also dominates the view of man himself. In both instances the word of the day is that men must be ruled, that they are unworthy of liberty, and that progress is only possible through the programs of a special  elite, the politician." - Karl Hess, The Lawless State, p.14.

COLLECTIVISM: Most people are, individually, nice enough but collectively a disaster. - JZ, 2.12.85, after a "freedom carnival" meeting in Sydney, 1.12.85. - MASS, MAN, HUMAN BEINGS

COLLECTIVISM: Not every voluntary associationism does amount to collectivism. - JZ, 16.7.86.

COLLECTIVISM: One of the worst forms of collectivism is territorialism. – JZ, 10.11.10.

COLLECTIVISM: Order and progress, in the collectivist approach, can occur only as conceived and then dictatorially implemented by a human 'elite' - and age-old concept. I put 'elite' in quotes only because that is their appraisal of themselves, not mine. This self-same 'elite' will readily concede that 'only God can make a tree' but will insist that they can create and arrange the destiny of a human being or, what is far more complicated, a good society." - Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.83.

COLLECTIVISM: our rights to life and liberty are placed on the altar of collective caprice and they must suffer whatever fate the political apparatus dictates..." - Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.21. – TERRITORIALISM, STATISM, LEADERSHIP

COLLECTIVISM: Panarchism, based on individual secessionism, voluntary associationism and non-territorial organisation, making possible the full variety of organisational means and purposes that are wanted by man, as diverse as he is, is the most anti-collectivist principle and practice imaginable - for human beings as they are now. In a simultaneously reformist and revolutionary, compromising and uncompromising way, it leads away from total collectivism towards total individualism - at the choice and speed of individuals. To accuse panarchistic ideas, precedents and options of being themselves collectivistic, just because associationism or voluntary cooperation is still involved, is absurd. Within such a framework many or even most might still opt, at least for a while, for some collectivistic arrangements for themselves - but that behaviour would carry its own penalties - and enlightenment. - JZ, 16.7.86.

COLLECTIVISM: Political collectivism - the pattern consonant with political ignorance - means what it says: Everyone swept indiscriminately into a human mass, the collective." - Leonard E. Read, Elements of Libertarian Leadership, p.107/8.

COLLECTIVISM: Political doctrine based on the principle of government or group ownership of all land, raw materials, buildings and means of production. Nations under a Communist form of government, such as the Soviet Union and Communist China, live in a collectivist society. (*) During the 19th century a number of private organisations in the U.S. formed such collective organisations. They include Brook Farm in Massachusetts, New Harmony in Indiana, the Oneida Community in New York State and many others." - Sol Holt, Dictionary of American Government, a Macfadden-Bartell Book, revised edition, 1970. - (*) He does not distinguish, either, between a society based on voluntarism, and a territorial State, which involves coercion. - JZ, 2.6.94.

COLLECTIVISM: Rather than destroy the whole system, some of us, who love liberty, are supporting positive political programs that would be of benefit to ALL persons because we would repeal and eliminate the negativistic programs of the collectivists that limit and control the productive and creative energies of honest workers and/or forcibly seize the property of one who has worked to give 'benefits' to one who has not worked for them." - JAG, 31.3.74.

COLLECTIVISM: Regardless of my acknowledged bias for individualism, I must concede at the outset that all honest advocates of both collectivism and individualism are sincere; each hopes for a societal situation in which harmony and advancement are most likely of fulfilment. Professor Hayek said, when speaking of our doctrinal adversaries, 'Their conceptions derive from serious thinkers whose ultimate ideals are not so very different from our own and with whom we differ not so much on ultimate values, but on the effective MEANS for achieving them." - Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, p.80.

COLLECTIVISM: She recognises that in normal circumstances 'all collective action ... in the nature of things ... stifles the resources concealed in the depths of each mind." - Herbert Read, Anarchism & Order, p. 29. - Free association releases them. - JZ, 17.6.80.

COLLECTIVISM: The collective is fanatically demanded by those who do not belong to it but want to rule over it." - Ron Kritzfeld.

COLLECTIVISM: The collective man has the desires of those who command him." - Lohberger. – At least that is the pretence of his rulers. – JZ, 16.11.08. Moreover, out of fear, the victim often pretends to desire his victimization. – JZ, 10.11.10.

COLLECTIVISM: The collective mind obtains only what the individual mind abdicates." - Perry E. Gresham, in THE FREEMAN, 6/73. - That hardly applies to the involuntary victims of taxation. - JZ, 2.6.94. – We are not yet free to opt out of compulsory taxation and out of the territorial State into full exterritorial autonomy. – What is not seen here, by most people, is the equivalent of a great  lottery win – for everybody, not to speak of all the other satisfaction that moral people would derive from genuine self-determination, self-government, experimental freedom. – JZ, 10.11.10. – Collectivism, even if quite voluntary, does not “release all creative energies”, as Leonard E. Read often proposed. – JZ, 30.1.13.

COLLECTIVISM: The collectivist view holds that society is the prime concern. THE NEED IS SOCIETY'S! The individual does not fit himself into place but, instead, is fitted into place, that is, he is assigned that niche or role which the political priests believe will best serve whatever societal pattern they have formulated. And right down to such details as interest rates, prices, wages, hours of labor! These coercive actions are no less than consequences, that is, they are implicit in and must logically follow from the beehive way of looking at humanity. Consistent with this 'look' are the 'national goals' theme and the 'gross national product' (GNP) form of economic assessment." – Leonard E. Read, Let Freedom Reign, Chapter: Whose Need? - That still does not cover e.g. an anarchistic collective of volunteers, people who believe in holding property in common, in making all decisions only upon an equal vote by all and when unanimity is achieved and who believe in equal sharing of whatever profits the group might obtain - if it does. – JZ. – It treats sovereign individual as if they were the property of the compulsory collective. – JZ, 30.1.13..

COLLECTIVISM: The collectivist wants to donate his pence and have your shilling." - Proverbial English wisdom, cited only from my poor memory. – JZ – COMMUNISM, SHARING, EGALITARIANISM

COLLECTIVISM: The contemporary social environment is neither egalitarian nor atomistic. Far from being detached islands of self-interested rationality, most men define themselves in terms of the interests of larger groups over which they exercise only the slightest influence." - B. R. Barber, Superman and Common Man, p. 106.

COLLECTIVISM: The first edition (1896) of Palgrave’s “Dictionary of Political Economy”… “remarked: ‘The natural antithesis to individualism is COLLECTIVISM or we may say SOCIALISM, a system under which industry is organized by the state, which owns all means of production and manages all processes by appointed officers.’ - C. B. Macpherson, Individualism, in: The New Palgrave: The Invisible Hand, ed. By John Eatwell, Murray Milgate & Peter Newman, W. W. Norton, 1987/89, p.149. – This presupposes the continuance of territorial statism and its coercive monopolism. Without them all of ca. 600 different kinds of socialism and collectivism could be freely practised among their supporters, at their own risk and expense, as long as they want to. Then they would wrong or harm only themselves as somewhat rational beings and they do have the right to do so, to make their own mistakes and either to learn from them or not. – JZ, 24.2.12. – Freely competing collectives of volunteers only are very different from territorial collectivist statism. – JZ, 7.1.13. - & STATE SOCIALISM

COLLECTIVISM: The great crisis of our time is the conflict between self-disciplined individualism, our sole hope of freedom, and collectivism, the 'cult of the ants and the bees', where the individual, merged into the mass, counts for naught, and where the life becomes no more than meat and the body than raiment.” - Admiral Ben Moreell, The Admiral's Log, II, p.50.

COLLECTIVISM: The interest of the community takes precedent before that of the individual." - Collectivism according to Leopold Kohr, Weniger Staat, p.57. Some might try to justify cannibalism based on this "principle". Anyhow, numerous national blood sacrifices are made, based upon it, in every war. The upholding of this principle amounts to a declaration of war against the individuals of the own nation and those of all others. - JZ, 7.6.94. – TERRITORIALISM, COMPULSORY MEMBERSHIP & SUPORDINATION, AS EXPRESSED E.G. IN TAX TRIBUTES.

COLLECTIVISM: The lesson of Jonestown is age-old.... Any doctrine which requires the abdication of individual judgement and which denounces the ethical primacy of individual self-interest, contains the seed of tyranny. Demanding that an individual subordinate the value of his own life to the collective welfare is always the first step towards the loss of this sovereignty over his own life and its product." - Richard R. Slomon, THE MERCURY, July/August 1979. – By what standard is a collective suicide a collective welfare action? For the believers in an afterlife in heaven? – JZ, 10.11.10.

COLLECTIVISM: the most brutal and reactionary doctrine possible ... collectivism.” - Duncan Yuille, Freedom vs. Socialism. - I would rather say this about compulsory collectivism, only. – Families, monasteries and nunneries are voluntary collectives, too, and so are productive cooperatives. They may go too far in sharing property, responsibility and decision-making - but that is their affair, their risk, their expense. - JZ, n.d. & 16.11.08, 10.11.10.

COLLECTIVISM: The movement', too, functioned as a surrogate mother, and the We-We orientation is infantile. All talk of community notwithstanding, it recognises no singular You. Only an I can say You to an individual. The We-We orientation is not progressive. It is regressive and takes us back to the 'craving for community' which Dostoevsky's Grand Inquisitor associated with the desire to be united 'in one unanimous and harmonious ant-heap.'" - Walter Kaufmann, Without Guilt and Justice, p.11/12.

COLLECTIVISM: The theory that land and the means of production should be owned by the community for the benefit of the people as a whole." - Shorter Oxford English Dictionary.

COLLECTIVISM: the word 'collectively', which is the smudgiest word in the English language, for the largest 'collection' of zeros is only zeros.” - F. W. Maitland, Moral Personality and Legal Personality, in: David Nicholls, The Pluralist State, p.168. - And any multiplication of zeros or by zeros has still only zero results. However, under institutionalised collectivism the zeros are given the power to detract from real values and to distribute them to other zeros. - JZ, 3.6.94.

COLLECTIVISM: They squander the nation's wealth as though it were someone else's, and dip into it as though it were their own." - Djilas, The New Class. - What makes this wrong is compulsory membership or territorial rule instead of voluntary membership in an autonomous and exterritorial association. - JZ, 5.4.89. - The very term "the nation's wealth" is already a collectivist term and should thus not be used in a criticism of collectivism. - JZ, 3.6.94. - PROPERTY

COLLECTIVISM: Thus one form of collectivism lies in the conviction that a band may be a basic unit of society, in the sense that its interests are not a function of, and may therefore be determined independently of, the declared and soundly inferred wants of each of its individual members, as revealed through their individual voluntary acts. - A second and stronger sense in which a band may be construed as basic, in accordance with the collectivist picture, is if it is held that what its spokesmen take to be the band's interests, or certain of them, may legitimately (&?) forcibly displace the voluntary execution of non-violational acts by individual members of the group." - L. Chipman, in "QUADRANT", 1/78. - Not exactly a catching phrase for a liberty idea. Try to improve upon it rather than merely criticize it! - JZ

COLLECTIVISM: Two standard collectivist errors are: 1.) "The old must be destroyed before the new can be constructed." - Answer: The old can remain for its adherents while the new can be constructed and used by its followers. - 2.) "Only large scale experiments can succeed." - Answer: Large scale experimentation guaranties, mostly, only large scale failures. Nothing is likely to succeed on a large scale which fails already in small scale models. - JZ, in PEACE PLANS 29. –

COLLECTIVISM: Violence and immorality are forbidden to the individual, they say, only to be practised by collectivities such as economic interests and nations, who are entirely free to engage in slander, plunder, and murder." - From editorial in POLIS, Fall 1966.

COLLECTIVISM: We have too much government as a result of the malignant cancer of collectivism which is now in an advanced stage of development in Australia." - A Workers Party discussion paper, 1975: The Bureaucracy.

COLLECTIVISM: We rise to freedom, not collectively, but by personal effort and example." - L.E. Read, Vision. - Voluntary collectivism should be distinguished from coercive collectivism. With the latter coercion need only appear in the form of habit, custom, tradition and dogmatism to do much harm - but under voluntarism that harm is confined to the voluntary participants. - JZ, 18.11.82, 7.6.94.

COLLECTIVISM: When one recognises the value of the specialisation of labor, it makes sense for an employee to consider hiring someone to negotiate for him. But when negotiations are conducted COLLECTIVELY, without regard to individual differences in value, the individual's incentive is side-tracked again. - In a unionised job, your wage is determined by factors other than your individual worth, so the chances are that you'll be paid too much or too little. Either event has its consequences. If you're underpaid, your're wasting your time in that job. If you're overpaid, you have little incentive to grow into new areas of your job or find out what you're capable of. In addition, you might LOSE your job if you're getting more than you're worth to the employer. If your pay exactly matches your worth, it's purely accidental." – Harry Brown, How I Found Freedom, p.72/73. - COLLECTIVE BARGAINING, UNIONS, WAGE CONTROL

COLLECTIVISM: When two friends have a common purse, one sings and the other weeps." - Spanish proverb. - JOKES

COLLECTIVISM: where everybody owns everything; you couldn't buy anything, you couldn't sell anything. So how could you get what you want? How could you get what you needed? Who'd decide what you needed or didn't need? Since there are such wide variations in how much or how little of anything anyone wants, and even this varies from time to time, how could there be equitable distribution? Nobody would really find this an improvement, but we're heading that way.” - PURSUIT, 16.11,70. - Imagine the contents of your library becoming collectively determined! You would not even be entitled to one, unless that need were collectively recognized. - JZ, 7.6.94.

COLLECTIVISM: With a good companion even Hell is as Heaven." - German proverb. - In other words, friendship and comradeship can even make a disastrous collective and its fate somehow bearable. But I doubt that it turned any extermination camp or concentration camp into a heaven. - JZ, 3.6.94.



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